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FORTY-FIRSt, o'EAR NO. 175.
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, JULY 25, 1918.
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS A1TD MEW
STANDS JTVB Ww1
les Continue Relentless
Pressure Against Pock
eted German Troops
ARTILLERY WORKS HAVOC
BEHIND ENEMY LINES
At Some Points German Re
sist To Last Man, Using
Washington. July 25. Northwest, of
Jaulgonne, American troops have forc
ed the Caimans b&ck to a depth of
from one to two miles, General Per
shing reported today under date of
Tho communique follows:
"Between the Ourcq and the Marne
our troops participated in local com
bats which resulted in further forcing
back the enemy lines.
Northwest of Jaulgonne the enemy's
positions were penetrated to a depth of
from one to two miles."
,.: '"By Lowell Mellett
(United Press staff correspondent)
With the French Armies in the Field,
July 25. The allies continue their re
lentless pressure against the pocketju
to which the crown prince's inglorious
"friodeiuturm" led hundreds of thous
ands of hopeful German soldiers.
One point after another is giving
way before this pressure. The measure
of tho resistance the Germans are able
to offer between Rheims and Soissons
which likewise, is the measure of the
danger of their situation, is shown by
the fact about 43 of their divisions
(.118,000 men) are now within tho sal
irmt of which 15 were added after the
Inside the pocket, the seriousness of
the German predicament has been in
creasing daily for the past five days.
Foie-En-Tardenois, the center of all
Tailway and highway traffic from the
xmith, is being heavily bombarded by
th" allied artillery and airmen.
What such a bombardment means, I
was able to discover standing on a hill
beneath a lino of French, gausage bal
I saw great columns of smoke roll
ing up from two vil'ages behind tha
German linos. I saw the crew of a bal
Icon descend safely in parachutes
when seven boche aviators attacked
the gas bags.
In this section, since dawn, the
French had advanced si kilometers
(three and three quarters miles) com
pleting the capture of Bois De Chato
let and taking Brcey, (seven miles
north of Chateau Thierry.)
At some points the Germans resist
hotly. At others apparently only the
(Continued on pae; two)
War Summary of United Press I
5 llilllIIIIIIIIililllirUIIIIIIHIl!llll!lll!lil!l!tll!ll!!!inilI!lllllllllIlllIIIIIIIIIIIIIHI i
I 1453d Dav of the Wan 8th Dav of Counter Offensive f
fioissons-Rheims f root Further indi
cationg were received taday that the
crown prince ha played into Foch's
hands by determining to stand and
fight, rather than carry out his orig
inal plan of retreating to the Vea'.e
The Germans are fighting desperate
ly along the whole front, counter at
tacking at some points and putting up
a stiff rear guard action at others.
More than half a million bochea are
now within tha big pocket. A short
time ago it appeared they would be
oble to extricate the greater part of
these men. They arificed this chance
and again are endangering this vast
force by making g stand.
The allies within five miles of Fere-En-Tardenoig.
the great enemy traf
fic centar are bombarding that ci'y
from the wegt and south, rendering it
Local gains have ieen made by the
r.I'ieg on all sids of tho salient within
the last -2 ho-irs, particularly sorth
and northeast of 'ha eau-Thierrv.
Pieardy front British troops ad-
I Germany Ready For -
Washington, July 25. A new offi
cial German peace offer, designed to
weaken the allies' moalre, making
wholesale concessions In return for a
free hand in RuRpia, will come within
the nert week, Senator Lewis, of Illin
ois, prsdicted on the floor of the sen
Fears Retreat Effect on Pub
lic and Would Save Vast
Stores of Supplies
By Webb Miller.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Paris, July 25. Germany's despera
tion in ruthlessly sacrificing her man
power, time and material by throwing
in division after division to be chewed
up on tlie Soissons-Hhienis front, is due
to four reasons:
First, the allied smashes around the
ring encircling the Germans aio giving
the former the initiative at a moment
when it disrupts the carefully laid sum
mer campaign which Ludendorff promis
ed would bring victory and peace.
Second, Foch is using up the Gor
man's time which is vitally important
Third, the German militarists so en
couraged tho public with the idea of
taking Paris, that they dare not admit
by retreating that their chance is gone.
Fourth, Ludendorff accumulated vast
quantities of material within the Sois-soiis-Uliieir.s
pocket for future opera
tions, which he is trying to save by
throwing in fresh divisions. .
Even were the allies to bo stopped
now, they have accomplished far more
than they iuteuded when they started
their counter blow.
Meanwhile the French. Americans and
British are methodically pushing on,
meter by meter, kilometer by kilometer,
while. Ludendorff is putting in divis
ions from other parts of the line which
had been figured in the Germans' plans
for the coming weeks. Tho enemy must
now reconstruct his whole plan of cam
paign if he would recapture the initia
tive. The desperation of the Germans is
illustrated nt Hill 193, where the Ameri
cans repulsed eleven attacks in one day
and took nine hundred prisoners.
Lighter Than Usual
London, July 25. Total al-
lied and neutral shjppin? loss-
e during June, as the result of
submarine action or niarino risk
wore 275,639 tons, according to
ficfuren nnde public by the ad-
nunalty. This is the smallest to-
ta1 awe S-ptember, 191(5.
British losses were 161,002
tons in June. if
vanced slightly in the Hebuterne sec
tor, north of Albert and repulsed Ger
man raids on both sides of the Somme.
German artillery wag active astride
the Sc.ar.po. The French took 30 pris
oners in a raid south of Montdidier.
Fian ler front The Germans bom
barded British positions on various
parts of the front.
England The munitions strike lias
spread, until 200,000 workers were re
ported idle today.
Italy Italian naval forces attacking
Cattora, sank two Austrian transports.
Amtm-Ifungary Because of Baron
Von Hussareek 's inability to form a
r.ejf Austrian cabinet. Emperor Karl
has entrusted Baron Von Handel with
B.azil The Brazilian government
ordered liquidation of three German
lank in Kio Janeiro which have hand
I' l to? finances of German propagandists.
AND MOVES INDICATE
Stinging Defeat By Allies Ap
pears to Have Disrupted
All Defense Plans
By J. W. T. Mason.
(United Press War Expert.)
New York, Desperate counter attacks
by the Germans at t',e southeast cor
ner of the Ainse-Marno salient, the
fartt.erest point removed from their
central supply station at Tere-En-Tar-denois,
ii,dicato Von Hindenburg 's :ar
that his Marno forces are in danger of
being crumpled by a surprise blow which
Fooh might launch in the Dormant sec
tor. Normally, the principal attention of
the German general staff this time
should bo centered on protection of the
railway between Fismcs' and Ferc-En-Tardenois,
along with the troops in the
Aiiue-iiarno salient are passing. The
Franco-Americans aro pow within five
miles of Fere-En-Tardenois whose cap
ture would be a matter of serious con
cern for the Germans.
instead, however, of using what in
itiative he still possesses for the de
fense of Fere-En-Tardenois, Von Hindeu
burg last night struck a blow near
Dormans, where there has been on ser
ious fighting siuce the present serreg of
Franco-American assaults began. It is
scarcely coaceivablo that the Germans
aro developing a new offensive toward
Epernny. The Dormans stroke is essen
tially a defensive measure, destined to
safeguard the Germans in the southern
area of the Ainse-Marno salient.
But such an expenditure of German
man power in this comparatively quiet
district would be made while the grave
issues are still undecided at Fere-En-Tardcnois,
unless the Germans feared
Foch was setting a new trap for them.
The existence oi.jio restless a mental
attitude on tho part of the Holi. nzol
lern militarists is highly favorable for
A confused hesitancy is becoming no'
ticeablo in the German plans and a new
respect is lying shown for the strategic
genius of Foch and the fighting ability
of the Americans. Von Hincleiiliuig
has begun to guess wildly. The. Ger
man people, in turn, may soon 1 fein to
distrust the scientific efficiency of the
kaiser's war machine.
Government Laying Plans To
Force Strikers Into Ranks
London, July 23. Two hundred thou
sand munition workers were io!e in
England today as the result of stiikes
in Coventry, sixteen thousand have join
ed the ranks of those who have laid
down their -tools and in Birmingham,
63.000 have walked out. Electricians
were included in the strikes in the latter
city, forcing the plants to shut down,
which has thrown 150,000 0U( of em
ployment. Upon the results of today's confer
ence between the representatives of the
government and the union depend re
solutions of more than 100,000 other
workers to quit thir tasks. Winston
Churchill will he representative of the
government in the conference.
It is understood that th war cab
inet has taken tho position that inas
much as the strike is a direct blow at
the government, plans will he laid at
once to force the striking nren into the
army unless they return to work.
Meanwhile a few plants are. strug
gling on at Mancliester through tri
resolution of five thousand women wor-
Ikers to stick to their work. A resolution
has been passed by men pledging their
loyalty to thtgovernment and ta the
A resolution adopted by workcis in
the Woolwich district reads:
"Strike now and you earn the bless
ings of the kaiser.'''
Morning newspapers express svinpa-
,t'uy wf!h the workers, but have no iyin-
pathy for a strike. They urge the gov
ernment to bandit the situation coollv.
IN TORN RUSSIA
President Wilson Held Con
ference 0a Subject With
AID ALREADY GIVEN
Japan Is Thought To Have
Fu Acquiesced In Wil
By Robert J. Bender.
(Tinted Press Staff Corresponded.)
Washington, July 25. On the eve of
expected action in Siberia, the allies are
confronted ly demands for recognition
from new auti-bolsheviki jjovernintuts
springing up all over Russia.
It is indicated in diplomatic quarters
however, tiiat tho: allies will pursuu a
course of officially recognizing no pa.'
ticular governmertt buj work through
the people as a whole.
A visit by President Wilson to tho
state department today plus unusual re
ticence, within the department on the
subject of the BiBcrian project, lbd to
belief that Japan Mas officially reported
on her attitude toward the plau and that
tk; first move in iiio gid-to-Kussia pro
gram is about to lo taken. Advance
information ou Japan's reply indicated
it would be favorable. ,
While the Presiicnt was still closeted
with Acting Secretary Polk, they wer.j
joined by Sccietary Baker. The British
ambassador Lord Heading, arrived later.
It was believed he deslned word of Ja
pan 'section, " .
That the allies have already extended"
aid to the tzecu-olovaks, was learned
today.- Largo numbers of French offi
cers have arrived in Vladivostok and
some havo taken command of Czechh
brigades. Financial aid has beeu ex
tended through theso officers by the
French government, it was sdid.
The Czechs aUo havo been mined and
supplied with guns and munitions taken
from the huge stores fit Vladivostok.
Continued successes in localities domi
nated by the Czechs are reported in ad
vices received here. In no locality have
the Gcrmabns and Tmlshcviki been abb
(Continued on pngj two'
TOR FINISH FIGHT
tt MADWF QAI1FNT
l urn. I LIU
Allied Heavy Artillery Con
tinues To Inflict Great
Damage on Enemy
By Frank J. Taylor.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
With The American Armies In France
July 24. (Xight) Allied airmen re
port increasing congestion between the
German concentration centers and their
fighting positions. Home of this move
ment of men and materials is away from
the front, but the greater part is to
ward the battle lines thus adding weight
to- the evidences that tho Germans are
going to fight it out, rather than con
tinue tlinr. retiremen.
Tho allied heavy artillery, according
to the airmen, is continually cutting tho
German lines of communication, damag
ing railways and blowing up ammunition
dumps. Aviators are co-operating by
dropping numbers of bombs.
American airinon report fewer boche
plants in the vicinity of the battle, cith
er because of their scarcity or becausj
they have been withdrawn.
Our observation plancs'are closely
following the operations of our infant
ry and -artillery by guiding barrage,
giving ranges and carrying messages.
Him-lar work by the Germans is im
possible:, owuig to lack of planes and
the allies overwhelmingly supremacy in
Northwest of Dormans this morning a
small American escadrille encountered a
German .UuuVoii of twelve planes. The
Americans promptly attacked, each at
tempting to single out a boche machine.
During half an hour's battling four
bocbes crashed to the ground two in
flames. The others fled.
In the afternoon, and in the same lo
cation, an American escadrille fought a
German formation, bringing down one
boche inside th enemy lines. There
were no American losses in either bat-t'e.
GERMAN SUPPLY BASE
UNDER ARTILLERY FIRE
Letters Captured Tells Of
Serious Food Conditions
Existing in Germany
By Fr:d S, Ferguson
(United Press staff correspondent)
With the American Armies in France
July 25. 9 a. m.) Fere-En-Tardeuois
is under fire from Franco-American ar
tillery and is being" heavily bombed by
allied aviators. The Bombardment is
seriously interfering with the move
ment of emrny troops and material.
(Fere-En-Tardenois is tho most im
portant railway and highway center
within the Soissons-Khcimg salient. It
is ten miles north and slightly east of
C"teau-Thierry. Tho allien', lines are
.9 than five miles to the west and
a little more than that to tho
Heavy fighting is under way to clear
Rii forest (northeast of Jaulgonne)
following the capture of its southern
end during which additional guns and
prisoners we're taken. '
Helping Folks tt Home
The brid'gcheail at Jautgonne has
been enlarged appreciably, French and
American troops are advancing there
despite sharp rear guard actions.
While the Americans continue to prO
eress oast of Epieds and north of Jaul
gonne, the Germans are leaving behind
them in evacuated villages tell-tale ev.
idenco of conditions in Germany. The
bocheg in. the ich Marne valley were
endeavoring to. aid , their families at
home when the allies strucK. The Am
ericans found everywhere parcel post
pockjageb which the bodies ltod no
chance to forward. They contained
United People Is Distracted
Nation's Only Hope For
By Joseph Veksler Shaplen.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Stockholm, July 1. Although the 4th
vear of . the war was marked by the
complete disorganization of Russia, both
military and politically, the country was
realiy out of the war in 1916, when more
than a million soldiers elcserted from the
army. Only the Czarist censorship pre
vented the truth from becoming known
to the world at that tima
The tremendous shaking up of the
already disorganized national fabric I
caused by tho involution, in addition to
he many complications both internal
and external from which the revolution
found itself unable to escape when
peace was most needed in order to solve
these numerous problems and repair the
terrible consequences of war opened
the road to Bolshevism and throw Rus
sia into tho clutches of German Imper
ialism, whose seal was finally set with
the Biest-Litovsk treaty.
So far as military operations in the
war 1917-18 arc concerned, there wcr,:
hardly any worth the name with the ex
ception of Korndorff's drive towards
Halciz. which really belongs to the end
of the third year of the war. This of
fensive, which was carried out largely
on account of pressure brouglfl to bear
by the allied representatives in l olro
grad, was ft first most successful. The
Russians raptured Kalush and had nd
vniiced as far as the suburbs of Halciz
Then, they were hurled bacje by German
reinforcements who no.t only recaptured
Tarno)l but the entire triangle of Voly-
f Continued on page two)
It seems like th' on'.er we git th'
easier it is fer a shoe clerk t' sell us
sotiietliin ' we don't want. Nome folks
have even got nerve enough t' ask fer
th ' loan of an auto.
wheat, leather, children s ihoes, seats
and backs of chairs, etc.
Germans are Hungry
Letters written by folks at home to
enemy soldiers, who later were taken
prisoner, declared conditions are such
that "somethiug must happen." Civil
ians are now allowed only 2U0 grams
of meat a week. ,
One boche tame iu with a tag on his
arm which had been attached by his
captors. It read: "This prisoner gave
water to American wounded." In addi
tion to white bread, tho German was
given a can of "bully beef.". He said
this ratiou would serve six men iu the
German army. As a reward for giving
water lo our wounded, the boche and
hig comrades were given yveuty pack
ages of cigarettes.
The lino beyond Epieds yesterday
afternoon was the scene of heavy fight
ing, consisting mostly of cleaning up
villages and machine gnu uests.
Chasing Enany Guns
I passed a battery of our heavy ar
tillery which was firing -while stand
ing boldly in the open yesterday. A
signal corps man was striuging wire-
"We've been chasing the damn ar
tillery for two days and just caught
them," he said. "We worked day and
ntghti but just as wo would get the
wiro within reach of them new orders
would come along for them to move on
three or four miles. We haven't had
much sleep, but as long as we're going
forward we're glad to keep on chasing
This particular battery completely
wiped out a German battery which was
retreating along a road far in the rear
of the enemy lines,-An observer spot
ted a long lino of wagons, trucks and
guns. The artillery opened a withering
fire and the caravan was quickly trans
formed into a pile of wreckage and
shattered bodies. .
Plowed up Hillside
At one point iu the Jaulgonne re
gion, the Germans had strongly forti
fied tho side of a hill. Machine guns
were bo thick they held up our ad
vance. American artillery blew off the
whole side ct the hill. The scene of
this action is now a terrible sight Torn
ground it spttin-kleet With smashed gnus
and gruesome bits of arms, legg and
human torsos. '
Even the veterinary corps is sharing
in the glory of the fignting, going far
forward under shell fire to aid in bring
ing back wounded to the operating
and dressing rooms,
Prisoners continue to indicate tho
comparative , confusion in the euemy
ranks, being freom numerous divisions
It lg establishes! that some divisions
had been reduced to three thousand
men, (a los of 75 per cent). The
prisoners are all hungry, the confusion
wrought by allied infantry preventing
the Germans from bringing supplies up
to their forward lines.
From "Over There
General Pershing's Official Report
Washington, July 25. One hundred
and eighty eight army casualties list
ed today included:
Killed in action 32; died of wounds
fij died of disease 3; died of accident
and other causes 3; wounded severely
123; wounded slightly 1; wounded, de
gree undetermined, lb'; missing in act
ion 2; prisoners 2.
The list follows:
Killed in Action
Serjeants F. R. Maddux,
C. S. Turner, Van Burcn.
J. .1. Cochran, West Philadelphia
J. R. Finch, Bnnlshaw, Neb.
A. Gagnc, iverncHs, Canada
C, MeMulleii, Spencer, W. Va;
C. Melton, Osako, Va.
J. W. Wherman, liaveua, Midi.
II. .P. Smith, Rome, N. V.
E. A. Russell. IJroughton, 111.
Bugler O. L. Hnyder, Mishawakajnd.
F. Brandstettcs, Howells, Neb.
B. A. Budyak, Westfield, aMss.
. A. Cunningham, Hyracuse, X. Y.
C. G. David, Allentown, Pa-
L. B. Dayton, Atlantic City, N. J.
J. L. (lullipeau, Avon, N. V.
E. E. Hale. Altus, Ark.
I. P. Henries, Xorth Woodstock, Conn
B. Koch, Passiae, N. .1.
J. O. Laws, Hartford, Ky,
F. F. Martinack, Peabody, Mass.
J. J. Mullen, Lorain, Ohio
T. V. Murray, Roxbury, Mass.
V, Pass't, New York
A, Popp, Norwood. Ohio
J. Resek, fcw York
J. Hand, Greenfield, Mass.
H. Krebeny, Chicago
J, M. Stoddard, Uiookton,
Died of Wounds
Sergeant H. W. Earl, Tsafford City,
Corporal L. H. Holcoinbe, Mascot,
h. E, McCuiston, Paryear, Tenn.
E. K. Thomas, Harvard. Mass.
G. P. Williams, Pawtuckct, R. 1.
A. J. Yfust, Penn Yan, N. Y.
Died of Diseas)
Corporal C, H. Brebner, Milo, Iowa
Privates S. Davenport, Piudiurst,(.ia
Aided By French Good Pro
gress is Being Male oa
Solid Ten-Mile Frost
Heavy Counter-Attacks Ex
pected Soon From Twenty
Enemy Reserve Divisions
Roads Behind Lines Cram
med With Captured Guns
And Military Stores.
Washington. July 25. " Continued
advances by the French, British and.
Americans in certain territories," were
noted this afternoon Secretary of War
Baker, who said tha while the tains
were not icorteuslve, they were import
ant. 'The battle continues with Tigor,"
he said. ' , ,
London, July 25. The entire Rhiems
Solssons pocket is now under shell firs
from French, American and British
guns, it was authorlatlvely learned to
day. Fere-En-Tardenois is undtt heavy
crossfire. ' , .
By John Do Gandfc
(United Press staff correspondent)
Paris, July .-(4:05 p. m.) Frenes.
and American troops are closing in on
the important German strategic bass
of Fere-En-Tardenois from two sides.
Whilo tho allied artillery and airmen
aro subjecting the city to a torrifio.
bombardment, the Infantry is advanc
ing eastward -and " northward toward
the city, slowly overcoming the enemy
The capture of Epieds has enabled
the French and Americans to penetrate
to the center of Fere forest (five miles
directly south of Fere-En-Tardenois.)
The strategic enemy mass, estimated
at twenty divisions (240,000 men), is
(Continued on page three)
A. Gradlrr, lVriysburj", N. Y.
Died of Accident and other Causes
Private W. A- Jones, Kittyton, Tenn
A. F. Liidke, Fon Du Lac, Wis.
J. P. Ziclers. 8t. Ma hews, Mo.
Wounded Severely Include
Lieutenants F. A. Johnson Chicagrji
I. W. Wood, Oakland, ChI.
Cook Miles W. Mclteth, Dcs Moines,
,T. Plum, Ititzville, Wash.
8. Cyceik, Chicago
J. W. Kaluga, Chicago
J. Knoieczma, Chicago
M. L. Mower, Blaine, Wash-
V. Pitts. M'cCammon, Idaho
,T. J. Ronk, Lewis, Iowa
R. VauBrocklin, Chicago
Lieutenant O. A. Keyser, Omaha,
Wounded, Degree Nndeterminea
Corporal D- V. Hewitt, Keokuk, la.
H. Larrnold, ManRon, Iowa
L. O. Booth, Webster City, Iowa
T. W. (Jartwright, Cieston, Iowa
M. K. Clark, Webster City, Iowa
P. L. Cordes, Kamrar, Iowa
H. C. Ezre, Manson. Iowa"
R. Henry, Iowa Falls, Iowa
I. H. Huf faker, Council Bluffs, 1
H. C. O 'Conner Sioux City, Iowa
G. M. Peterson, Des Moines, lows
O. P. Pcrtle, Lacona, Icwa
L, b. Tweedy, Ireton, Iowa
K. J. Voss, Pomeroy, Iowa
Washington, July 25. Sixty fou
marine casualties were today thus di
Killed in action 20; died of wounds.
3. severely wounded 38: missing in
! action 3.
i The list follows.
Killed in Action
Corporal Francis E. Williams, Alli
R. J. Cuhill, Mannyunk, Pa.'
H. W. Kahler, South Williamsport,
Gunnerv Sergeant O. R. Finnegtn,
(Continued oa paje three)