TODAr WEATHER 4,600 SUBSCRIBERS (23,000 EEADEES) DAILY Only Circulation la Salem Gaw anteed tj the Audit Bum f CirculaUonj FULL LEASED WIRE DISPATCHES BPECIAL WILLAMETTE Mr LEY NEWS SSSTIC '.0E OM Y3U1 Oregon, tonight rkmdr; Thurs day fair. warmer gcntlo northerly, winds. : iff i f" ' - , t Jr FORTY-FIRST YEAE-ic:0. 174. SALEM, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, JULY 24, 1918. PRICE TWO CENTS ON TRAINS AND NEW! STANDS FIVE CENT C - - I:- , : HIS B LLIED LINES NORTH RDER FOR Etf E f 1 V MOVING SOUTHWARD SEK 10 MLI ALLIES Change la Plans of Crown Prince Evident in Today's Moves DESPERATE STAND IS NOW EVIDENT foemy Losses Have Been Heavy Including 25.000 Taken. Prisoner By Lowell Mellett d!nited Press staff correspondent) With the French Annies in the Field July 24. (4 p. m.)-r-The Germans are violently bombarding allied positions on the 12 miles front from Vrigny southward to the Marrw and are also throwing great quantities of sheila across the Marne from Dormant east ward. : New German divisions hare been identified in the region cf Vrigny and Coulommes southwest of Hhoinis) ( French and British troops held off strong count attach west of Bheims l'te'last night. By Frank J. Taylor (United Preas staff correspondent) With the American Annies in France July 24. (8:30 a. m.) The German movement within the salient, north of Cha.1iau-Thieiy which had been north ward since the .enemy retirement began today was reported to bo southward. It is believed there are fresh replace ments of troops and that the Germans are preparing to make a Etiff stand in certain locations. A Faris dispatch today said that German prisoners declare the crown prince has rescinded his order for a retirement and hag decided to fight it out on the present lines. Paris, July 24. Unofficial estimates today plao?d the total German casual ties in the recent Champagne fighting at 180,000. This figure is discounted in military circles. By Webb Miller (I'nited Pre.s staff correspondent) l'aris. July 24. (10:0r) The Ger man Crown Prince has suddenly chang ed his plans fo a strategic retreat in !io Sjissons-Rhoims salient and has determined to fight it out there. This decision, indicated by stiffen Sn; enemy resistance and increasing reinforcements, was borne out by Go.r Dimn prisoners today, who declared tie withdrawal order has been counter manded. They could offer no explana tion, but military experts believe Ger- (Continued on page six.) nuiiiiiiHiiiiiiiinuiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiuiiiiHiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiu 1 War Summary of United Press E iiiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiifiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiifniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii 1452d Dav of the Wan 7th Dav of Counter Offensive f !iiiiiiiiniiiii(niiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii!iii)iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiii SOISSONS RHEIMS FRONT The! crown prince, according to German pris-j oners, has countermanded his order fori retirement and has decided to fight- it out on the present lines. j This report is borne ouj by the factj that movements within the German sal ient are now southward, inad of' northward, and that great numbers, ot reinforcements are constantly btii.g thrown' into stem the allied advance. Despite the increasing enemy resis taw, the allies continue to advance at some puiuts. The French war office reported great ariilfcry duels all along tlie bsttle f'.onl FIC..RIV FtfOXT British . - - v...- . ....... . , mide smv.'ssful raids in the Albert FLAXDEU3 FRONT C-rmaa a til ie-y was aative, particularly near Vy.cf. HEAVY FORCE AnACK RETREAT IS Informal Peace Offer Made By Germanj . Amsterdam, July 2b. Ger many haa made a new "infor mal", peace offer through Spain, affording to the Berlin Vorwaerts. The socialist news paper, which declanea it ob tained the information from re liable sources, enumerated the principal German terms as fol lows: No annexations or indemni ties in the west. The Russian and Rumanian peace treaties to stand unques tioned. Belgium's future, as well as that of other small nations, in cluding the Balkans, to be de termined at tlTe peace confer ence. All colonies to be returned to Germany. , Freedom of the seas to be recognized. Gibraltar and Suez canal de fenses to too dismantled aud Oerinany to be permitted to es tablish coaling stations at those .plaices. Late Cablegrams From War-Torn Europe Tangier," July 24. Efforts are being made, iit is declared here, to align tribesmen in Morroeco against - the French. Abdul Malek, a rebel leader, is re ported to have been supplied with Ger man money coming from Spain and to have offered to compensate the tribes men for damages caused by French at tacks provided they snail remain, loy al to his cause. Copenhagen, July 24. Count Lux burg, former minister to Argentina, who wrote ithe notorious "spurlos ver senkt" notes, has arrived in Bothen burg aboard a Swedish motorboat. in which he left Buenos Aires. He start ed for Germany immediately after his arrival. - Berne, July 24. Italians living in Russia have formed a battalion and have joined the Czecho slovak forces in Siberia, according to dispatches from Petrograd to the National Zei tung printed today. Amsterdam, July 24. A rumor that an attempt was made on the lives of the kaiser and General Von Ilinden bug is declared in copies of the Co logne Volkes Ztitung received here to day. Amsten'.sm, July 24. An explosion in a German, ammunition factory at Pluen Friday caused considerable dam- l age and resulted in the loss ot a nuin 'bur of lives, advices from Berlin to day stated. Berne. July 24 Influenza is epi demic in the Swiss army. There are now 11,500 cases of the malady and 109 deaths have resulted. MAIL CARRIERS STRIKE. " Ottawa, Out., July 2,4. Mail carriers today were on strike in many towns and cities of Canada, including Toronto, Pet erboro, Winnipeg, Brandon, Calgary aud New Westminster. Trouble in Montreal has been avoided through promises of bonusis t married men. GERMANY The Berlin Vorwaertj announces that Germany has made new peace offers through Spain. TIli list of proposals contains nothing additional in the way of concessions. Dr. Karl Hflfferich, former vice chancellor, has been appoited German ambassador to Russia to succeed late Count Von Mirbach. He will take two battalions of German troops to guard his embassy. RUSSIA X general mobilization of Russian forces' under olsheviki control began July 17; according to a Moscow dispatch received in Amsterdam.", c t. u u .i Luimi uuiifui, ijimui Gerlnau lllinister t0 Argentina ,ha3 ar- rived in Gothenberg, after traveling all tlie wav from Buenos Aires in a Swed- ih motorboaot. OF 11 RESCINDED STRATEGY OF FOCH AVOIDING TRAP SET , Commander In Chief Will Not Undertake General Of fensive At This Time ' By J. W. T. Mason (United Press war expert) New York, July 24. General IVh still continues his strategy of caution instead of adopting Von Hindeiiburg's strategy of slaughter. The war will not be won in the Aisne-Marno salient. Therefore, General Freh is determined not to be lured into major operations to gratify the eager expectations of spectators at home. The doniinau,faeter in the present situation between the Aisne and the Mump is that the Germans are eager to inveigle the allies into engaging in a great major offensive before Ameri ca 's strength is fully ready, while Gen eral Foch is determined not to make this mistake. It is, therefore, well with in the limits of Von Hindcnburg's strategy for great numbers of German reserves to be assembled south of the Aisne. These reserves are capable of forcing General Foch to pay a large death toll for moderate gains. i Instead of accepting so crude a chal lenge, -general Foch is ko!difr baok, patiently waiting for America's next million to arrive before striking with his matured power. Tho present operations have immense ly improved the Franco-American lines defending the roadways to Puris. To persist in heavy sacrifices of life for secondary advantages would bo spec tacular, but would not be sound strat egy. If the losses are to come it is far better that they should occur next nu- fromm rtn nart a,tiinfr rtn cTi, ti r tlia hflf- tie front over the Lorraine border far into Germany. The Rhine, not the Aisue, is the plnce to end the war. Fur thermore, on American advance toward the Rhine would compel Von Ilindcn burg to withdraw from the Aisne Marne salient or elsewhere along the west front so that by shortening his lines he might find troops to defend territory. General . Foch is losing no tricks between the Aisne and the Mame. War can't be played as fast as baseball. AUSTRIA-HUNGARY T Offensives On Two Fronts Backed By Naval And Air Operations By Henry Wood (United Press Staff Correspondent.; Rome, July 24. Austria-Hungary i nlannir.sr a triple offensive against Italy ' according to dispatches received from I Italian correspondents in Switzerland today. j Tho program includes military driven in the Venetian region of the Italian front and in Albania, together with a naval offensive along the Adriatic coast Simultaneuosly, Austrian aviators are to bomb Italian citites back of the linen aud attempt to fcgain the ascendency on both the Italian and Albanian fronts. According to reports, Austria-Hungary ig openly counting on German aid, despite the fact General Von Below 's tentative appointment as commander in chief of the Austrian armies was re cently reported to have cancelled, fol lowing strenuous objection by the Au tro Hungarian high command. The presence of British and Ameri can forces on the Italian front, togcthet with the overwhelming defeat of the re cent Austrian drive, has given the Ital ian military officials the greatest con fidence in their ability to withstand any A ust re-German blow that mat fall. In Albania, th" present drive of the French and Italians has given them a cui'ife of position that will be a great handicap to tic enemy. It is doubted that very strong German forces can be spared from other fronts for this tuea ter, and transportation problems would (Continued on page two)' ANOTHER DAY OF ALLIED GAINS AT MOTION Germans Compelled To Give ' Ground In Every Hard ' Contested Action FRANCO-BRITISH WIN MOST IMPORTANT SUCCESS General Foch Shows Ability As Mary Strategist Daring Operations By Lowell Mellett (I'nited Press staff correspondent) With the French Armies in the Field, July 23. (Night) Another day of hard fighting has gone well with the allies. Although at one point they threw back he advancing Americans temporarily, the Oermans were com pelled to give ground in many places, the most important of which" were in the regions of Soissons and Rheima the two points at which they are mak ing their most frantic resistance. Near Soissons, the euemv felt the piuch of the 'Franco-American shears. Near Rheims, the Franco-British shears jabbed its point in a little farther, add in gto tho danger of tho German army in the pocket below. The Germans slight success resulted from a heavy counter attack, which ousted the Americans from Epieds. But the Americans later gained the town and advanced a bit farther. The object of the Germans in thow ing in strong forces here is not certain but it is believed to be necessary to protect the slow process of withdrawal of supplies and troops from the. pocket. Aviators a- Active - Incidentally today's reports showed that all munition depot fires aro not the result of their destruction by the Germans but allied aviators and .long (Continued on page three) 1 Y T J T T T ABE MARTIN it! Mrs. Tilford Moots same plow she went s still usin' til t' houseloeepin' with. Another funny thing about th' war is that th' feller that used t' look fer a position now looks fer a job. GENERAL MARCH TELLS OF WAR OPERATIONS Allied Offensive Forced Ger mans To Use Fifteen Re- serve Divisions Washington, July24 The allicl ad vance south of fsoissions has been prac ti"iillv "steadied" the last two days, Chief of Staff March stated today. j YhU was duo apparently to tho in-Mireti'-n f iiftccn fresh German divt sione into th.i .'truggle. Xttiii; an anvance of from 6ne and 'a half to two miles on the east f!diik 'of the i.iirnc-Hi.cims salient, March ad-'d-d: j ".V'ong th.. M.'ine .itself the Ai.icr, cans and Ff ndi have crossed the riven at a u mber of points and now bold I village) ti the north of the Marne. ' Ke-ipoiise f the Germans to the j counter ofl'eisive of Foch was to throw in at i.isnns ;.nd south of it, a large' number of r u'.e divisions which hoi CROWN PRINCE ORDERS REAR GUARDS TO HOLD TILL YANKS Despite Desperate Resistance, However, Americans Ad vance Steadily Wiping Out Troops Opposed to Them Yankee Boys Now Fishing in Mame, Lately Held by Boche ForcesGround Retaken Covered with Battle Wreckage and Dead Germans. By Fred S. Ferguson. (United Press Staff Correspondent.) With the American Armfes In France, July 24. (8.50 p. ui. Dcspito o.'dirs to hold to the death, the Crown Prince's rear guard is being forced to give way before tho? allied attack along practical ly the whole front. Prisoners declare the units of the tear guard were ordered to Remain at their posts and hold off the Americans to the last. Before the violence of the Ameri can assault they are U.'ing wiped out or taken prisoners. The advance is proceeding cautiously at all points, however, owing to the great of German reinforcements and their increasing resistance. On many sectors the battlo occasionally loses all resemblance to a rear guard action and! appears as though the Germuns intended to make a permanent stand. . N.3W Ger man reserve 'divisions are being constan tly identified. The bitterest fighting is proceeding noTth or Jaulgonne, where the Ameri cans arevt'ulniging thoir bridgehead. Americans aro pressing northward along the main road from Chateau Thierry to Foro-En-Tardenois, in th.? region of Epids (four miles northeast of Chateau-Thierry), harrying tho enemy i retirement toward Fere-En-Tardenois, on.i of their principal communication j centers. In this region our forces cap tured Marie farm, an important strate gic point. Coming through a certain woods, an American unit found the bochos had es tablished machine guns every ten yards and they wer,e seemingly impregnable. The Americans massed as though for a frontal attack. Wl.ilo the Germans-' at tention was centered on these ,forcesr other Americans made a wid.3, encircl ing movement and suddenly charged the onemy from behind flanks. They wero taken completely by surprise and sur rendered tu escape slaughter. Everywhere dro the most impressive and unusual scenos. French and Am erican soldiers arc fishing in the Marne at points where the Germans so recent ly crossed the river. American troops, wagons and guns continue to pour across to the north bank? - In Coverinir flptivWiftH Amor!rnn nnn. tingenls are pressing through Toicv, 1U, 1 ""'" a anv aBalll tlie um Boureches, Chalcau-ThWrv, Vaux aiid 'la le thoV wt'r0 concentrating Jo other historic points, which n week ago dlvl810" v0,000 men) for the Cham were held bv the bodies. PaS'' operation. The Flanders drive The results of heavy artillery fire ,Jwns tu follow ,hfl Crow" ? Pll9h sr.-n everywhere-dead bodies, dead 1 as 8U"" thl ,,ltter h&i tt'l M' horses, smashed wagons, wrecked homes and trees snapped off like matches. lievnnd Chateau Thierry I saw a potato I patch with most of the crop blown nut j of the ground by shells. In the midst I of tlvr patch was a hollow German dug-1 out covered over by tho foot board and headboard of a wooden bed taken from" a nearby house. Tho boche occupants! had left blankets, coats and other eii- uipment in their flight. The villages north of the Marne are' badly wrecked and display shell freaks that remind one of the queer pranks played by our American tornadoes. One shell, hitting the side of a house, tore off the wall that served as the back of a cupboard. The dishes stood levcaled ou the shelves, untouched. Along the road near the river, which was held by the enemy a few days back, I saw prisoners at work filling in shell holes and smoothing the way for the American wagons-and guns. The Americans are in the highest of spirits, dispite the fact that they aro bad no used in Ins advance across the Marne. . Our belief is that It; threw in there fifteen div'sionn and the advance of the allied at thatpoiut has been practically steadifd for the lust tT0 1b' far 113 our official information goes." I'.twica the Morno and Rheims the onemy lias been pushed back on a ten ir.ile front to a depth of from one and a half to two miles. The Gcnaniib have only one rail linffl over wnich to carry out their retreat, un less they have constructed some mmor fld uacks, lie said. "Jt seems that the Lord has lecome tired of His partnership of 'me and G.itt,' " llarcn declared during his de scription of the great Franco-American nffriMhe of tn; past week. The '.erman retreat, he said, was in som(! respeeik similar to the Austrian berk across the Piave. A storm had concealed the allied movements that n.ode possible the pushing back of the evy. That was what March referred (Continued on page three) KILL THEM literally snatching their food and rest on the run. Two doughboys, bringing in two bo erics, forced the latter to carry a cap tured machine gun. Then they decided their packs were getting heavy and made the prisoners carry them. En route to headquarters they came upon two dead Germans. "I think the bodies ought to, bury their own dead, don't you?" Sure," answered tho other. Whereupon they sot the two prisoners at work digging graves. The morale of the boche prisoners is very lowrvThey ate astounded nt the power of the Franco-American attack. ALLIED OFFENSIVE OF.GERMAN LEADERS Drive Against British In Flan ders May Now Never Be Carried Out As Planned By Frank J. Taylor. y (United Pross Staff Correspondent,) With Tho American Armies In France, July 24. Tho German Drive southward between Holssona and Main' Be Masigcs wsa one of three pushes they contend plnted this lumracr-rtwa toward Paris and one toward the channel ports, ac cording to information obtuincd f.oin prisoners. Tho recent effort, which re sulted so disastrously aud gummed up the whole program,. was aimed toward Chalons and Epcrnay. The French and Americans hav.e captured Gorman offi cers who wero prematurely appointed mayors of French cities to be occupied, including the two named. Captured bodies also declare that a large number of divisions were massed t0 ao8rpe.or Many prisoners captured near dois- sons have been identified as recently removed from Flanders, indicating the failuro of tho Champagno drive disrupt ing the contemplated Flanders cam- (Continued on page two) Ml From "Over There General Pershing's Official Report Washington, July -24 General Per shing's casualty list today totaled 108, as follows: Killed in action 20; died of wounds 14: died of disease 17: died of aero- piano accident SJ; died of accident andjC'al. other causes) 5; wounded severely 4H; missing 1; prisoner 1. . The list follows: Killed In Action Lieutenants W, V. Fitzgerald, Wor cester, Mass. F. K. Ilirth, Toledo, Ohio W. (,'. Orr, Jr., Philadelphia Sergeant G. E. llunsacker, Dawson Springs, Ky. .. . . Privates I Bell, Chicago It. lllackwell, illuefield, W. Va. C. frames, New Vork (!. (McuiKcr, Chicago II. K. Heap, 'Juliet, III. J. F. Kennedy, 'ataaqua, Pa. .7. Meyer, Belleville, 111. T. Moriarity, St. Louis, Ma. J. Papovasilupulos, Chicago M. K. Pfahl, Brooklyn, N. Y. S. E. Rowland, Warren, Pa. P. A. Schmidt, East St. Louis, 111. M. ('. Smith, Morgantown, N. C. C. C Somerville, Raleigh. X. D. C J. Teunones, East Chicago, Ind. E. F. Watt, Warren, Pa. ' Died of Wounds Sergeant E. 8. Finley, Htcelton, Pa. Privates B. Albert, Xew Vork City J. Hlasius, Jr., Chicago H. Boswell, Chicugo W. Budzynskl, South Bend, Ind. H Dale. Grand View, Hash. W. Degree, Stewart, Minn. E- H. Graham, Greensboro, Ala. , ('. (Iiinnburg, Staunton, III. F. V.'. Helikson, Franklin Mine, Mich F. M. King, lA.pew, N. Y. A. K. Lyng, Chicago. 17V ' fr5 JT If iWk Li ilSII SB Up T6 5:20 This Aftemooa Americans Were Making Slow But Steady Progress Retreating Germans Sacri fice Last Man of Rear Guards to Delay Advance Kaiser Witnessed Failure cf . His Latest West Front Of fensive. By Frank J. Taylor (United Press staff correspondent) With the American Armies in France July 24. (5:20 p. m) American troqps, advancing north of Chateau Thierry this afternoon, captured th village of F.pieds (five miles northeast of Chateau-Thierry) for the third time,' after violent. fighting in the streets. Epieds .previously had been taken twice by tho Americans, only to be lost in German counter attacks. The vil lage is completely in Tuins. In the Bois De Chatelet (six tnilesj directly north of Chateau-Thiorry), the Americans encountered stiff resist- lance from Germaa machine guns. They took tha wood iby storm, at the point of rthe 'bayoiiet and are bow urouressinir beyond its northoru borders, American units wero delayed tempo rarily in Bois De Barbillon (south of Epieds) by an array of German ma- . chine gun, posts, which were establish ed at intervals of only ten yards. Feint ing a frontal attack, the American flanked the boches, taking numerous, prisoners, Between the Ourcq and the Marne,' French and American troops aro press ing forward with the Germans contest- ing every foot. Prisoneis declare tha enemy posts along tho Ourcq aro be-, ing savrificed, to the last man, to du lay the allied advance sufficiently for establishment o'f German defense lines in tho rear. Mounted men arc rcconnoitcring north of Chateau-Thierry, harassing the enemy. They have in reduced a new departure in warfare, acting as grena diers on horseback. Several enemy do tachments have been broken up by grenades hurled by the cavalrymen. Prisoners also tell stories of a fnkal (Continued on page three) of ' onor O. Oberto, Springvatley, 111. J. Reil, Wuthena, Kan. Died of Diseaa; Sergeant J. It. Recder, Tiijton, Iowa Mechanic John It, Veary, Merced, Bugler F. E. Frandie,- Philadelphia, PrivufVs H. W. Bragg, Cedar Onp, Mo.. E. Bruton, ltridgdioro, Cm. W. ('onion, Anaconda, Mont. A. A. ttox, White Sulphur Spring!. Mont. Norris J. Delnnd, Philadelphia H. A. Hill, Cowgill, Mo. H. Johnson, New Orleans, La. H. E. Lcanelk, Fort Yute N. D. J. J. McAvoy, Detroit, Mich. I). J. Warren, New York City E. J. Rcilly, Jr., East Orange. N. J. T. Radvanski, Chicago H. (I. NiH'ticer, Ashland, Or. P. E. Williams, Hakorfiold, Oal. Died of Aeroplane Accident Lieutenant Casper M. Kielland, Buf falo, N. Y. Sergeant J. C. Moshler, Sun Luia Obispo. Cal. Died from Acddent and Other Causes Lieutenant Edgar A. Fisher, Oriska, X. D. Sergeant R. E- Harlacher, Allentown Pa Privates L. E. Kettering, Washing ton, D. C. C. S. Moon, South tiend, Ind. Louis D. Pyoner, Norfolk, Va. Wounded Severely Mechanic G. Stockoff, Chicago Privates L. Gotembiewski, Chicago vj. L. Heath, Canada A.' E. Holgate, Corvallis, Or. I H. L. alillcr, Hillsboro, Or. ' F. R. Parker. Woodland, Cal. Prisoner Lieutenant C. M. Young, Vallc Junction, low.