Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, July 19, 1918, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

Only Circulation in Salem Soar
auteed by the A adit Bureu ot
Great Prtssure Being Brought
toBe?j On Important
Germans May Be Forced to
Retire From,- Entire
Rheims Front at Once
Paris, July 19. (4 p. m.) The al
lies havia taken the Initiative and the
Germans are on the defensive every
where, an official statement issued by
the allied high command declared this
"Wis are taking the initiative and
the enemy is on the defensive every
where," the statement said.
"Franoo-AuMrtean forces are exert
ing great pressure on the enemy salient
between Montdidior and Rheims. West
of the latter the most interesting
movement is happening.
"South of the Ourctj, American
troops, occupying Courchamps and
Prlez, seem able to envelop Neullly
St. Front.
"The number of prisoners and guns
surpasses our fondest hopes.
"Premier Clemaiceau watched the
battle near Soissons"
Little Gwendolyn Moots kin name all
til near beers. Of all tli' losin' games,
tn-in' t' initiate th' rich is th' worst.
(Continued on page throe)
E3- A ML WijKW n JOT
Washington, July 19. Soissons has fallen to the Americans and French. This fact reached here officially late today along with
tidings that 30,000 Germans have been captured. While no details of the fall of Soissons were made Secretary of War Baker indicated
previously that his messages showed the fall of the city to be imminent. Later the announcement was made offficial.
Speech Made Today Before
State Republicans of New
Saratoga, N. Y., July 13. Paler of
fans, woaker in rxtion at tunes, but
bearing u? wonderfully well, Colonel
Boosovclt today was a pithetic and
dramatic figure as ho addrcsed the re
publican convention.
The colonel arrived in town shortly
after or.e o'clock but did not reach the
had until about 3 o'clock, going direct
ly to his hot J and resting, , the Jour
ney fom Oyster Bay havir.g fatigued
Convention Hall was filed to capac
ity, It being' estimated' that fully six
thousand persons were crowded within
the building.
A3 the colonel waUcid to the plat;
form, i:o was given a tremendous ova
tion, xne crowd came to its feet as
one man nd the cheers were deafening
To many itemed the greatest ovation
the colonel Las over received.
Sjratoga, S. Y, July IS. American
ism, the cry of Colonel Theodore Roose
velt for years, was his slogan today as
he addressed the New York state re
publicans, in session here, l'retacing
his keynote speech with a demand for
full fledged allegiance to the American
flag, with the assertion 'that" there can
be no fifty-fifty Americanism in this
country" he pointed out what the re
publican party
has stood for since the
j war. began ami what it will stand for
in time to come
"The events of the last year and a
half have shown the neeeswity for elect
ing a republican congress," he said,
'to support the administration at every
paint where it acta vigorously in pros-m-uting
ithe war and in the carrying
out of a proper world ipolicy."
Ho claimed fo these repuulicans new
jju congress a ibetter record of support
ifor the
E,iimiiiis:ru:ioii, tuuu run ue
rats. He declared for equal sufraga,
'but advised against government ow-
1 ership, He urged that businessmen
i'be pennUted to coopetc.te and combine,
! under pi oner government supervision.
"Profiteering out of the war should
I h strmnpil " hn "lnt it in mere
vu,...i.u m. ,17 ooj 1.101, Fii
jimakiiig should 'be encouraged."
Labor.be added, should have the right
to cooperate and combine, with public
supervision. Ho tavored better hous
ing anil living condition, ettorts to see
that work is made interesting, insur
ance against old age, sickness and in
voluntary unemployment, and a share
iu the money reward for increased
bu-iiness success.
Tlio colonel .bitterly attayked the
war department tor what ne termed
Uirocrastination in carving on the war.
Achievements! which have bwn niaile
ho laid at the door of the senate com
mittee on military affairs and not to
the department.
"We have played a poor part the
early taa;es of the war," ,e said, re-
fering ito the nation t keeping out
"Let ns make its finishing an Auieican
task." He called for an army as large
as the combined forces of 'France and
Great Britain iby this time next year.
Washington, July 19. General I'cr
shing today reported oasualti, div
id'd as follows:
Killed in action, 0; died of wound.",
1; died of -disease, 7; died of accident
and other causes, 1; wounded severely
58; missing in action, 1.
'Killed in action:
Bergeant R. Barker, Mount Voruou,
Ind. -
Privates L. O. Charter, Manchester,
X. II.
A. E. Diall, Seward, Kan.
V. Duffy, Minerrille, Pa.
E, Martinson, Anchor. 111.
Died of wounds:
Sergeant E. Cunningham", Crand. Rap
ids, Mich.
Died of disease:
Cook O. E. Amundson, Grovor, la. "
" Privates W. J. . Breekonridge, Nev
Richmond, Wis.
C. A. Eupor, Woodland, Mich.
W. Harris, Augusta, Oa. ' '
H. E. Hill, Reading, Pa.
R. Jones, Parrott, Oa. ,
J. J. Krenk, Ellingr, Texas.
Died of accident and other causes:
Sergeant L. D. Valentine, Miuneau
polis, Minn.'-'
Wounded severely:
Privates L. F. Jilair, Burtley, Neb.
P. Breen, Sau Di"go, Cal.
P. H. Costas, Chicago.
G. W. Godfrey, Luveme, Iowa.
W. Joseph, Chicago.
V. L. Olson, Minden, Neb.
A. A. Tack, Brooklyn, Iowa.
O. P. Thayer, Opportunity, Wash.
Washington, July 39. Twenty-seven
marine casualties were reported today,
divided as follows: , "
Serg'.ants J. E. Kilgellon, Canton,
(Continued on page two)
Full Details Are Not Available
But Aid Was Close At
vvasnington, July IV. The -armore
cruiser San Diego was sunk off Fire
Island, it was learned by the navy de
partment today.
Fire Island is near New York har
bor. ,
The navy department issued the fol-
lowing slatepieati j noon. With news of the fall of Hois-
"Thc U. H. S. Han Diego was siink:ons the city hall bell was rung. Whis
ten miles southeast of Fire Island light , ties and bells all over the city took it
at 11:30 this morning. j up.
"One offker and two boat crews j San Francisco. July 19. When news
were landed at lifesaving station nuin- of the capture of Soissons by Franeo
ber 82 on Long Island. Other survivors ' American troops was telephoned to the
are in boats and four steamers are ! city hall today, Mayor Rolph ordered
standing by. j a roof-raising demonstration with whis-
'Ho far as can be ascertained there '. tics and bells at S p. m.
r : . - -
111 ST II
III W Inl Inl
Japanese Astonished At
American War Work
i i
Washington, Ju 19. Ameri-
can efficiency at revealed to the
world by the country's accom-
pluhuient3 of the last yvat has
attracted to the prof ouud Atlmir-
if ation of Japan and in fact has 4c
proved to be a basis for a fuller
$ understanding between the two
countries, according to Prtnco
4c Tokngawa, head of the Japanese 41
Red Cross mission here, on its
way to Europe. '.
Prince Tukogawa admits the
feeling for the Vnited States am- $
$ ong the Japanese has undergone
a chang.? and says he was sur- ft
prised as well as highly pleased
at the warmth of his reception
by America
The Princv! asserted that .Jap-
an always has looked to Am- $
ic erica as her teacher in education K
$ industries and business and that
ije now she can turn to the i'nited
States for guidance in military
M matters ' - 4c
"Oiv of the most 4-ngiiificent
He events in the history of the
world is the sudden transforma-
4c tiou 'of America from -a pacifist
4; nation to a greaj military pow- $
er," declared Prince Tokugawa.
"Till part which America is
playing iu this world war is not
only great but noble. It is des-
ic tiued to mark'the dawn of a
ije new era in the history of na-
Hons." 4c
4: , Tlio prince carries the greet-
nigs of the Japanese Red Cross 4e
4c to the United States, Great Bri- 41
tain, France, Italy, and Bel-
4c .gium. It was Indicated that the"
4t Japanese Red Cross desires to
4c extend Ms activities in France. 4t
4t 4c 4 4
Dr. Steeves President v
; Of Oregon Doctors
Seattle, Wash.. July 19. Tn sepa
rate session on Thursday, Oregon del
egates to the North west Medical asso
ciation elected Dr. C. M. Barbee of
Portland, president of the Oregon State
association; president for next year,
Dr. B. L. Steeves of Salem; first vice
president, Dr. C. J. Boyden, Pendleton;
sc.cond vice president, Dr. Louis Buck,
Portland; third vice president, Dr. A.
J. Cathey, Condon; secretary, Dr. A.
J. Browning, Portland; treasurer, Dr
Jossio MjcGavin, Portland; delegate to
the American Medical association, Dr.
W. T. Willianison, Portland.
"The Oregon association adopted a
resolution urging all .physicians -who
are able, financially and physically to
offer itheir services to the army and
appeared to have been no loss of life.
"The cause of the sinking ha3 not
yet been determined
"The San Diego Was an armored
cruiser of 13,000 tons displacement and
carried 1,114 officers and men. Thw
' report was received at the third naval
d i district." 1
New York, July 19. New York's
victory bells pealed again this after-
n jj f
n il
Offensive Resumed This
. Morning Winning Success
" At Every Point
Ensmy Right Flank Menaced
And Retirement May Be
Washington, July 19. News of resum
ption of the Ainoriean-Fi'onch drive on
the Marnc-Aisr.e sent another thrill
through the nation today.
Overnight dispatches to the war de
partment indicate that the allies are
seriously menacing the German right
flank, which beuds southward from the
AisiM to Chatcau-Thiewy. Possibility
of forcing the enemy to withdraw from
the salient and fall back from the Marno
or endanger thousands of his troops is
seen by military experts hete.
Officials were at their desks ,;nrly
seeking the latest news of the often,
sivc. The White House called the Un
ited Press office before 8 o'clock that
President Wilson might have the news
boforo leaving for his golf game.
Secretary Tumulty had previously
telephoned from his home ' to learn
whether the onrush of the Americans
He was elated at the news. Manv do
partincnts of congress asked to bo kept
in touch with developments.
On every hand buoyant effect of t!v?
drive is shown. There is marked en
thusiasm that at last thero is evidence
of unusual offensive action on the part
of the allies. -
Americans military men have long
been chafing at letting the enemy do
the offensivo activity. More and more
as tjie Americans get into the fray tlio
tide will turn,they ay,for greater acti
vity by the allies and the Germans will
see whether or not tho Americans are
"merely cannon fodder. "
Shelling of Soissons by French and
American big guns gave hopes that the
city will soon fall. With this would
come snapping of German railroad's
feeding the Rhiems rector, where the
Teuton is pressing hard to encircle the
That the Americans and French wcra
able to pick up the drivo after a
night's rest indicated to officials thut
there is perfect organization in the al
lied advance.
General Pershing's Report.
Washington, July 19. Penetration ot
tho German linelS by American troops,
together with 'he capture of many pris
oners and guns Thursday, was reported
by General Pershing today.
"American troops cooperating with
the French, in an attack on tho enemy's
positions between the Aisne and the
Manic, penetrated his lines to the depth
of several miles, capturing many prison
ers and guns," the communique said.
"On the night of July 15 to 16 a pla
toon of our troops operating east of
Rhiems was attacked by a raiding party
of twenty-one Germans," said section II.
"Our bovs went over the top to meet
I thein and killed th,1 entire party with
the bayonet without loss to themenlvM.'
"One of ur regiments in this same re
gion reports that a party of Germans
with French helmets and coats, attempt
ed tc penetrate one of our trenches.
The leader sun-coded in approaching
our machine gunner posted at this
point, saying that he was French.
When within a short distance of the
(Coutiaud on page two)
y u y is u u u Li u Lis
Off ensive Sweeps .
Clean As It Goes
How French Tricked
Attacking Hun Hordes
4c With .the French Armies iu
4c the Field, July 19 An hour be- 4e
4c , fore tho Germans attacked
4c Monday morning between Fort
Do La Pompelle and Main Do
-ttlaasiges, Ithe French secretly 4e
withdrew from their , front
4c trenr'liOs, isimultaiiNuisly bom- 4e
4 'barding the German lines, it is 4c
permissible to state, 4c
For four hours the Germans
iboinibarded the eaupty trenches- 4c
4c when tho enemy advanced
4 across the vaeated ground the
French poured such a withering
4c fire 'into their ranka that a 4c
single division lost 50 per cent
4c of its effectives. - 4c
4c The Germans retired in con- 4c
fusion and the poilus returned 4c
to their front lino positions,
4c where they held out for sev;
4 enteen hours. One battalion 4c
4c which was surrounded near 41
4c Mont Sansnom cut it way thru
4t with ibayoneta, and returned to 4
4c the French lines with prisoners.
sjc sc Jc sfc sc s( ac sc sjt jc sc jjc sc
Hoover Reports That People
of Nation Have Respond
ed to Duty Nobly
Washington, July 19. When Amer
ica tightened up her belt June 1. 1917,
she made it possHhle for the United
Staten to ship to the allies 841,000,000
more pounds of meats and fats, and SO,
900,000 more bushels of cereals during
tho ensuing twelve months than was
possible the year previous.
In a letter to President Wilson out
lining this nation's grocery deliveries'
Ito her associates in arms, Food Admin
istrator Hoover said that "all the mil
lions of our people who have contrib
uted to these results should feel a very
definite satisfaction that in a year of
universal food shortage in the northern
hominphere all of those people joined
together against Geninany, havo come
through into night of the coming har
vest not only with health fully main
tained but with only temporary per
iods of hardships."
All food shipments to the allies, the
Belgian relief and the Red Cross to
talled; 4 1,400,000,000 during the fiscal
year, represented in 8,011.1000,000
pounds of meat and fats (including
nina. and dairy products, vegetable
oils, tc.) aud'34O.K00,OO0 bushels of
cereals. (In addition, some 10,000,000
bushels of grain have been shipped to
Without trying to distinguish where
the greatest credit belongs, Hoover
"So ono Will deny the dominate
part of tne American women."
Qusntin Roosevelt's
Fate Is Uncertain
London, July 19. Whether
Lieutenant yuentin Roosevelt
was killed in ombat or wheth-
or he was shot down and taken
prisoner is not known, dis-
patches received T'rom the
French front state.
Oregon: Ton-giit 35S ' J V
a a a oajuruay ..,
showers v;st if if ','
rer sad Mj&l
eoo.ereast portioa
Drive Continued Today With
Franco-Italian Attack on
By Fred S. Ferguson.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
With The American Army In The
Champagne, July 19. (1:45 a. m.)-
American troops co-operating With the ,
I'vi nch in the driva between tho Marno
and the Aisne already are within sight
of Soissons. ..
'.alest reports received at headquar
ters indicated that the Franco-American
attack is progressing satisfactorily al-
ong tht dhole front. .
Fr.'iich Cavalry is said to havo passed
the main highway from Soinsons to
Chnt.'au-Tliierry. . s .
'"he number of prisoners is not yet
'.iiiown. Ono American unit alons has
taken 3,300 prisoner. Many more have
not been counted. More than fifty .
winy cannon have been raptured. ,
The advanco has been so rapid that
various regimental headquarters have
bicn moved forward as many as throe
timet, uud ouriert have had great dif
ficulty in keeping in touch with the
cinnnanders' migrations.
''ilic (invu already is seriously threat
eiiir.g tli, German right lank In the
Mni'iie salient and holds posibilltios ot
forcing a great enemy withdrawal. Suc
cess of the present operations has been
the intdiis of averting any immediate
dangtr tq Paris. The attack is rapidly
exposing a great concentration of enemy
reserves and artillery, which were held
iu leanness to be thrown into the bat
tle Uj tiie southwestward. I is a ques
tion whether the Germans will be able
to organize tluese, or will have to with-
draw hem. The clement of surpriso was
the great factor in the Franco-American
success. Ability of tho French and the
Americans to hold tho enemy along tha
Murne line also contributed.
The American reserves received or
ders to move to the battle line at 5
p iu. Hushing forward in trucks and
camions, they arrived within marching
distance about midnight. They began
their hike without delay and reached
the front only a shprt time before tho
Z' in hour, yet when they advanced and
started chasing the bodies they appar
ently were as fresh ns ever.
There was no artillery preparation.
1 he i.vt.liery suddenly began rolling a
barrage and the tanks and infantry
moved forward. That was all. A heavy
tVindi i storm had helped to conceal the
troop movemenls but the day broke
blight; and clear. It was great fighting
Many of the German soldiers were at
In- iilvfiut, o were seeking shelter from
the ritin win 'ft the allies ivent forward.
Tho Americans had "breakfasted" th.s
nilil. biloro and were without tho handi
ii I , of observing meal time,
I u advance was maintained without
interruption up to noon, when From..!
ni.d Ahif iicans halted briefly to rest and
noigniiizc. Then they swept ahead
uguiii. advancing farther than in their
fir-t uih. French cavalry swung
nhrud rtith the m fun try in the after
nui n ami aided the Americans in clean
ii, up l.ic captured villages.
An-.rn.ans and French surounded anrd
captured entire German butteries includ
the artillery of an entire division.
The Americans carried their full pacis
r,l ti' pounds on their backs. Most of
(iir Hints did not bother with machine
guns. It was a straight job of rifles,
bavr.nets and grenades.
'i he Americans worked their way
tlir'uigh fields and woods and into vih
jl;ii'4, Jii'i'g tiie bodies befora them.
iT hey took prisoners so rnpidly that the
1-iH :r l -.'i mm a hindrance and wero sent
(Continued on pag) two1