Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (July 18, 1918)
':etupA 1 '
. -A. J f I I I ft
(23,000 EJSADEK3) DAILY
Only Circulation In Salem Guar
anteed by the Audit Burean of
FULL LEASED WIRE
SPECIAL- WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY KEWS EEBVICS
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 168
BRINGS IN BIGGEST
BA TCH OF PRISONERS
Wonderful Exploit of J. F,
Brown, Who Captured Pris
oners By Scores Sngle-Handed-Story
Like Fiction, But Is Vouch
ed For By Correspondent
diers Make Wonderful Re
card For Bravery and
BIGGEST BOCHE BAG.
With The American Aim In
The Champagec, July 18. After
killing or capturing the crews of
four machine guns and raking a
boche-filled trench with his auto
matic rifle until the surviviors
surrendered, Sergeant J. F.
Brown walked iu,to American
headquarters late yesterday with
159 prisoners, .
"I'm sorry, sir, that I was'nn.
able t brirg in all I had," he
said in reporting, "but four of
the wounded died on me."
By Fred S. Ferguson.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Wit) The American Army In The
Champagne, July 18. (3:05 p. m.)
The fourth day of the battle finds the
Germans still halted in their attempt to
Stubbornness of the American and
French resistance at the "extremities of
the fighting front east of Chateau
Thierry and eas, ot Rheims safely
hold the allies flank.
The Americana are tint only holding
their ground, but are inflicting the
heaviest punishment on the enemy. In
the region of Mezy and Jaulgoniie the
bocli? dea l ore piled four and five deep.
One regimental commander estimates
five thousand dead in, front of his com
mand alone. .
The Germans have not renewed their
attempt to break the American resis
tance from the Mezy front and this re
gion remains strongly void of infantry
operations, but the most desperate en
counter continues to the eastward in re
gion of Conde wood, St. Agnan and La
Chapelle-Monthodon with the Americans
fighting elbow to elbow With the
Battle Line Sways.
The battle line south of the Marne
nways back and forth as the opposi
tion armies continue in their grapple of
death. The latest definite Information
showed that the Mara line involving
the Americans extends tr
Agnan to LaChapelle-Munthodon, to
uiuuuzy, l0 L,ciesnn-iiutier, thence
northeastward to the river. A gain of
me-4ci!ometer (.621 mile) at Le Mesnil
ilulier represents the total progress
made by the .eaemy in two days of terri-
Next t,' a Spitxeuborgen summer titer
humt notlnn as brief as th life o chit
dren's shoes. Who remembers when
you used t' have t' use ice hooks t'
git a donation out of I feller?
fie fighting. Attacks and counter at
j tacks and counter-attacks follow each
j other in bewildering succession and are
I accompanied by unprecedented artillery
j (This shows the Americans are hold
i ing an unbroken front of more thau 20
: miles south of the Marne. From Chateau-Thierry
eastward to Mezy, five
miles east and north of Chateau-Thierry
the Germans have pushed back across
the river and have not attempted to re
ictoss. From Mezy southeastward to St.
i Agnan) a distance of six miles, the Am
jericans apparently are opposing the bo
I dies alone. From there eastward and
I northeastward they are brigaded with
the French. LaChapelle-Monthodou is
two miles directly east of St. Agnan.
Coinblizy is four miles northeast of La
is about four miles farther to the north
east and about two miles south of the
The American ability and dash in rc-j
sistUig attacks and in counter attacking
has won the, highest praise from the
French officers. American bravery and
imtative and French .experience anil gal
lantry, coupled with the most excellent
artillery 'support, both by French and
American guns, is what has held up the
Along the Mont-Mirail road, which
the enemy expected to hold today, old
men aud women were peacefully work-!
ing in gardens. The stoppage of the
German b the Americans east of Chateau-Thierry
upset the enemy program
of operations toward Mont-Mirail.
The attack today was centering its
efforts against the French on the Am
erican right, in an apparent effort to
Bsgiment Wiped Out.
As an instance of tho German losses
prisoners said the American artillery
wiped out one entire regiment before it
was able to cross the Marne. Of a
group of six boats, each holding twenty
meu, five were destroyed. The famous
Sixth Grenadier regiment was utterly
annihilated, every man being killed or
captured. Three German divisions (36,
Ouu men) were so demoralized thatthey
have not appeared in the battle since
the first day.
Extraordinary weather has marked the
battlo daily. Scorching sunshine has
been succeeded by cloudiness and ram
almost every hour with monotoaous re
gularity. The lute.-t .information shows that 45 j
German divisions (520,000 men) are be
irg used on the entire front.
American aviators have brought down
another plani, raising their beg to se
ven. Brown's Great Exploit.
The fighting in the fields and woods
m the present battle of the Marne is
most unusual. Companies, platoous and
I even groups of two or three men arc
, waging their own warfare in clearing
out the boches.
Sergeant J. F. Brown, separated froia
his platoon, encountered the captatu of
MiivLucr KViuynutf. r ULUUllg OUl lOUr
enemy machine guns, the captain said:
"Let's get 'em."
The pair charged the nests, seemingly
impervious to tho hail of bullets, and
killed or captured the crews of two of
the guns. The prisoners were in their
way su Biown turned them over to fin?
captain and cleaned up the other two
guug alone, taking additional prisoners
and cuiaslimg t lie pieces.
The captain had .started back to the
American lines with his captives. Brown
followed some distance iu his wake. The
sergeant encountered a comrade, Cor.
poral Pipp, who volunteered to guard
the prisoners. Brown readily agreed
as he had just caught sight of a shallow
section of the trench, half filled with
dead boches. The other half was filled
with boches too very much alive.
Brown's automatic rifle had become
so hot that he could hardly hoid it, but
he laid it acrogs his arm and opened fire
on the trench, killing several of iti oc
Ore of the men yelled "kameradl "
"All right, come out," Brown replied
between shots. All of the Germans,
numbering nearly a hundred, dropped
their guns and surrendered.
Brown and Pipp again started for the
rear and encountered other members of
their platoon with prisoners. Brown
took charge of them all. The wood where
Brown and others had been fighting j
was beiug shelled continuously. Once:
Brown and Pipp were surrounded but ;
.I.. .... .i
At the edge of the wood Brown's com-j
(Continued on page two) '
I Ift l i (A! M l
Death of Quentin Roosevelt
Has Not Yet Been Offi
Washington, July 18. General Per
shing today reported fifty-se.ven 'cas
ualties, divided as follows:
Killed in action, 14; died of wounds,
10; died of disease, 66 died of accident
aud other causes, 2; wounded severely,
20; wounded slightly, 1; missing iu ac
The name of Lieutenant Quentin
Kooscwlt has not yet come through in
the official list, either killed or wound
ed. The list includes:
Killed in action:
Sergeants C. C. Carter, Fresno, Cal.
E. M. Lusher, Kansas City, Mo.
( W. F. McFadden, Grand Bend, Kan.
W. L.. Travis, Hot Springs, Ark.
Privates L. W. Briguall, Geneva, N.
It. Di Sciasco, Philadelphia.
O. Fisher, New York.
J. Oallegos, Talpa, N. MV
W. C. Jackson, Itiishville, Ind,
V. Kubiachi, Tonopah, Nev.
S. E. Lee, Pittsburg, Pa.
J. C. Lovell, Nortorne, Mo.
H. R. Tyler, Manlus, N. Y.
L. Ulgreu, Jamestown, N. Y.
Died of wounds:
i Corporal J. E. Fitzwilson, Charles
ton, S. C.
Privates F. B. Huut, Tanuersville,
. E. M. Coston, Billings, Mo.
J. B. Emmons, Andalusa,. Va.
P. T Florine, Fort Atkinson, Wis.
C. E. Lanier, Decatur, Ala.
J. Mucciocav, Italy.
V. K. Snyder, Fairfudd, Couu.
W. Upton, Newford, W. Va.
Lied of disease:
Cook 8, Milford, Sumner, Mo.
Privates C. E. Lucas, Trenton, K. J.
L. J. Morrow, Canada.
W. O. Watts, Elsberry, Mo.
F. M.Wensel, Little Falls, Minn.
P. Whitef ield, Naltors Depot, S. C.
Died from accident -and, other causes:
' Corporal Unlph C . Taylor, Mount
Pleasant, Mich ..
Private Herbert D. Whnlcn, Detroit.
Sargennt Russell B. Brightbill, Harris
Privates' Robert Bigthuuder, W'ooten
Ii. H. Dunkle, Springrun, Pa.
C. Lyon, Bluffton, Ind.
E. E. Miller, Portage, Pa.
V. Morlan, Medicine Lodge, Kan.
II. H. Shook, Cherokee, Iowa.
C. D. Schultz, Hubbard, la.
P. Sikivica, Johnstown, Pa.
II. Venedeitti, New Castle, Pa.
Missing in action:
Private W. Cyganowaski, Detroit
The marine list includes.
Privates Frederick 8. Bennett, North
Bloomfield, N. Y.
Charles C. Hale, McConnelsville, Ohio.
"Frederick L. Ricbold, Baltimore, Md .
Died of wounds: -
Private Alfred C. Wallsurn, Welstoo,
Wounded severely in action:
Corporal H. L. Schumacher. Newark
Private'H. H. Snively, Shellburg, Pa. '
More Than Quarter
Million Men There
Washington, July 18. More than a I
quarter of a million first elass fighting i
men or rae I'mted states of America
'are hflping beat off the Germans'
"nca e torm. "
THia .nrMapoil A,-i.lni,l lnl. tA. '
cations of (the American units along
the "battle line about Chateau-Thierry,
rdua the fact that Americans are fight
ing with the French to the eastward.
Mn of th first army corps under Gen
eral Hunter Liggett are gathering th?
glory in the main, but it i likely th?t
sfime beyond these are in the midst of
W-- r- is 5' iH'f
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY JULY 18,
Union Printers Receive
Orders to Resume Work
July 16, 1918.
To Chairman Journal Chapel:
The members of Capital Un-
ion employed ty the Capital
Journal are requested by me to 5
return to work immediately.
- R. P. COUCRX.
Representative I. T- U.
HUG TIM I D
Von Kuehlmanns Position Has
Been Vindicated By the
Events at Front
By J. W. T. Mason.
(United Press War Expert.)
New Y'ork, July 18. Irresolution and
timidity" to an extent not hithcrtu
shown by the Germans since the begin
ning of the war .are now apparent lr
Von Ilindenburg's new offensive.
The increasing hesitancy of the. Car
man assaults and Von Hindenbtug'
failure to press even for local successes,
except in isolated cases, strongly indi
cate a serious dive-ion of judgment at
German headquarters. The present
drive may well be th? most fateful in
Us influence upon German opiaion a'
home that Von Hindenburg has rver
Von Kuehlnian has but recently bees
dismissed from the post of German Foro
ign. Minister because ho offended the
kaiser's war lords b detilariug pcaa:e
could not te won on tin battlefield
Following upon Jhis arrogant display of
the power of the militarists, the present
offensive was odd. It has failed ludi
erously. Von. Hindenburg now find
himself in a position of deep- humilia
Von Kuehlniaun has been proven
right. Germany cannot win peace on
Nevertheless if Von Hindenburg op
enly confesses his failure, the thumbs
of the German populace must suddenly
be turned down. This bloody gladiatot
(Continued on' pag two'
Official News of
Oyster Bay, N.'Y., July 18.
Official word of the loss of
Lieutenant (Quentin Roosevelt
behind the t German lines in
France was received hero todav
by Colonel Theodore Roosevelt
in a cable niesiasc from Gpher-
al Pershing. The nieusage fol-
. "I regret very much that
your m, Lieu'ennnt Quentin
Roosevelt, is reported missing,
On July 14, with a patrol ctf
twelve planes; he left on a mis-
ion of photographic sections.
Seven enemy plant were sight-
ed and attacked, aft"r which
our planes returned and broko
oft combat, returning to their
base. .Lieutenant Roosevelt did
not return. A member of tho
squadron reports seeing. one of
our plane fall out of combat
and into the clouds and the
French report an American
plane was seen depoendin:?. I
hope he may have .landed safe
ly. Will advise you immediate
ly on receipt of further infor
mation." Before leaving for Saratoga,
N. Y., where he was expected
tn deliver a keynote speech at
the republican gathering, the
colonel ent the fo'lowing re
ply to General Pershing:
"' ' We are deeply grateful for
your thoughtful kindness and
we will never forget it."
The mwajf wan signed by
Colonel and Mrs. Roosevelt.
EOOSEVELT'S SONS IN WAB.
Lieutenant Quentin Roosevelt
brought down during aerial
batie near Chateau-Thierry and
Captain Archie Roosevelt
wounded with shrapnel during
fighting on Toul front. Decorat
ed with French war cross as ho
lay on operating table.
Major Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.,
gassed during fighting at Can
tiguy, Tef ued to be cared for un
til assured Americans had won.
Captain Kcrmit Roosevelt
Attached to British expedition
in Mesoptomania as motor car
commander, but recently obtain
ed transfer to American expedi
tionary force in France.
(Oil 111 wrarjiirl
u u y u u
SIX PER .CENT TAX
Commission Will Complete
Pendleton Budget of
"The six per cent tax limitation is a
calamity upon this state and we must
tako steps to meet it," declared Gover
nor Withyconibe yesterday, when the
stato tax commission met to consider thfi
question of initiating. tiirl to provide
an additional tax levy to Vaise more
funds than' can be raised under the
To get the matter down 'apon a business-like
basis, as suggested by Secre
tary of State Olcott, tho commission
will compilo a twtalivo budget of all
the state's needs aud meet again Aug
ust 15 for further consideration, and to
give anyone who desires to bo heard
an opportunity to appear before the
Governor Wilhycombe snid appropria
tions made by the last legislature for
the maintenance of the state inslitu
Ions totaled $1,399,135 and that the in
crease in cost for the next biennium will
average 25 per cent, making an addi
tional requirement of $349,783.
Deficiencies have already been allow
ed for $300,000, he pointed out, and said
likely $200,000 more will be necessary
making a total of $500,000.
"That will absorb all of the six per
cent increase in taxes and fees to be col
leered," he said. "Not b dollar will b?
left to meet the $349,000 increas.' and
Ho faid money will be needed for the
military police, state council of defense
and other war activities. He advocated
tho construction of a hospital at Port
land for wounded soldiers, saying tha
state and Multnomah county and city of
Portland should unite in bearing the
cost, which he placed at about $200,000
He snid tho government will have
1200 men iu training at O. A. C. and
the state should provide buildings for
State Treasurer Kay said new build
ings will be seeded at the state insti
tution for feeble minded, at the Oregon
state hospital, and probably another in
stitutions. A committee of women, ho
said, is now investigating the boys'
school and also the school for girls, and
they probably will want additional
Both the governor and the state treas
urer attacked an article which appeared
in the O'egon Journal Sunday, giving
?stiinates on the requirements of the
Mr. Kay snid the article was unfair
because it eliminated all requirements
for new buildings for the state ,and he
took exception, to tho statement that the
legi-iature would have enough funds av
ailable to meet the state's needs.
, "If the supporters of this six per
cent tax limitation are going to figlil
a measure for more funds," he snid, "I
for oee will leave it to them to get th
state tiut of tins muddle."
Governor Withyconibe said the stato
treasurer should not Ps.v any attention
to such twaddle.
'Any paper which makc' that report
is unreliable, unfair aud dishonest," he
declared. "It is the cheapest kind of
twaddle from a brain unfair and un
scrupulous." Austro-Germans Buy
By Joseph Shaplen
(United Press -staff correspondent)
Wtopckholmj July 18 Aumtro Germans
have bought two thirdi of the next
crop in the Ukraine, according to the
newspaper Novaya Zsisu.
The sale was .mode by the Ukrain
ian land owners. "Hetman" Skoro
padsky wan compelled to declare mar
tial law and mobilize all the peanants
under military rules. Tho peasants
were forced to work in the fields un
('.er the sirpervision of German soldiers
Those who ri filled were shot.
Germans have dUarmed the third
Polbh legion, stationed in Ukraine be
cause it refused to do police, duty.
13 i 1 II If
IES SWEEPING FORWARD
1G NUMBERS OE ENEMY
VON HINDENBURG IS
CAUGHT IN TRAP
Weakened Portion of Line
and Cave Allies Oppor
tunity to Attack.
By J. W. T- Mason
(United i'ress war expert)
New i'ork, July 18. Von Hiuden
burg has been caught in his own trap.
Tryiug to lure tho allies' reserves to
ehe eastern area of the Aisue-Marne
salient, he has weakened the Gorman
front along the western side of the
I salient and General Foeh has seized the
I opportunity to deliver a counter stroke
for the better protection of Paris.
loetay 's attack by the allies between
Foutenoy and Belleau may possibly
marge into a major offensive if the
Uerman front crumples up early iu the
engagement. For the moment, however,
General Foch is doubtless bent on win
ning limited objectives. A major of
fensive by the allies, beforo America's
armies are fully, ready to participate,
has previously been shown not to be
iiart of General Foch a plans. This lim
itation of strategy,- nevertheless, would
change if Von Hindenlburg were to com
mit any stupendous blunder iu his mad
passion for slaughter.
General Foch's present attack has a
triple objective. It is first an -effort
to push the German farther away from
the routes to Paris; secondly, it will
act aa a diversion to interfere with a
continuation of tho German offensive
between Rlieiims end the Marne, and
thirdly, it will seriously disarrange
whatever plans Von Hindenburg may
have formed to change tho direction of
his offensive from the cast to Paris.
Tho check Von Hindenburg has suf
fered since Monday has undoubtedly
created a large amount of confusion
behind tho German lines. This condi
tion gives, an unusual opportunity for
the allies to deliver an effective stroke
such ns General iFoeh has ordered' to
day. The Aisne-Marne salient is so nar
row that increased disquietude among
the Germans within its poclcot might
lead to demoralization. Certainly Gen
eral Foch has not had as excellent an
opportunity as the present to safeguard
the roads to Paris since the Germans
extended their front to the Aisne.
GERMANS WOULD NOW
ATTEMPT TO FLANK
Have Already Been Forced to
Abandon First Principal
By Webb Miller.
' (United Press Staff Corespondtiit.)
Paris, July 18 (6 a. m.) Coinpletly
frustrated in their original design to
reach the Marne on a wide front and
smah toward Chalons, the Germans
have switched to a secondary objective,
attempting to encircle Hheims oy push
ing along the Marne valley toward Ep
ernay with their bac ks toward Paris.
A high French military official thus
summed up the situation for the United
Press this morning.
"This is the first time an attack of
such weight has collapsed so quickly,"
Reports received during the night
placed the enemy within eight miles of
Eperney. Furious fighting was raging
on the steep ddivities and the bunks
of the Marne alorg which hun huge
masses of Germans were being thrown
against the allies in repeated asaults.
I their advance toward Epernay the
Germans have the advantage of moving
along a railroad and a highway which
runs on almost arallel lines to., tit?
town. The French are meeting this
thru-it with incessant counter efforts to
wilt without appreciable success. The
fighting was described in battle front
dispatches as the most fu.ious tf tli3
Oregon: Tonight ;'yAly
and Friday show-
ers and cooler. Jy
ON TRAINS AND NEW!
STANDS FIVE CENTS
IN BROAD SWEEP
Advance Is Made of Three
Kilometers In First Three
"BOCHE RUN LIKE HELL"
ONE GENERAL REPORTS
Advancing Troops Plead For
Permission to Keep On
Is Good - -
By Fred S. Ferguson.
..(United Preai Staff Correspondent)..
With The American Army In The
Champagne, July 18. (4:20 p. m.)
American troops are still advancing ev
erywhere along the 25 mile front, where
they are co-operating with the Frenc
In today's great counter offensive, as
this Is cabled.
--Loudon, July 18. (4:35 p. m.) The
drive between the Aisne and the Marne
is the biggest allied counter offensive
since April, 1917, it was learned au
thoriatively this afternoon. Many tanks
are In action with the French and Am
By William Phillip Slmrns.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
..With The British Armies In Franca
July 18. While the French and Ameri
cans are counter attacking In the Marne
country, the British are not idle here.
East of Amiens, an attack by Austral
ian troops gained a third of a mile on
a 2000 yard front... Thirty four prlaon-
(Continued on page two)
offensive with the German shock troops
meeting the French counter assaults in
Yesterday, the Germans began throw
inif in their reserves, which had been
mussed in the rear. These were origin
oily intended to Ivj used only in devclop
irg any great initial success. The tae
that they are beiug thrown into the com
bat now is another indication that the
Germans are hard hit.
French aud American hammer blows
have crashed into the enemy lines at ev
ery point since the drive began.
Dispatches received cruririu the night
said the Germans had started an attack
on the line from Fossny to Oeuilly, a
front of more than 16 miles, along the
Maine. This battle takes in some of
the ground recaptured i American and
French counter attack earlier in the
The Germans are across the Marne en
a front of abuot 15 miles but the strong
est effort to develop thiB advantage Is
being made only aloiiif the roads to Ep
ernay. To the south, they were not ab
le to exploit their gain inasmuch as the
whole river valley was under constant
showers of French shells.
A new feature of the offensive is the
development of screen fire over a great
belt of terran liehnd the Ines. In many
places this belt of shell fire is 20 miles
deep. The American and French bat
teries are searching every inch of tho
enemy back areas with high txplosives
and allied bombing raids in which vasfc
fcnres of machines drop quantities of
missies are frequent. ' .
l( I V
U LA Li U Jf U