Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (July 17, 1918)
(23,000 READERS) DAILY
Only Circulation In Salem Guar
anteed by the A adit Bureau of
FULL LEASED WIRE
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY NEWS SERVICE
and Thursday fair;
g,.utle . westerly
FORTY-FIRST YEA1- NO. 167
SALEM, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, JULY 17, 1918
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAIN'S AND NEW!
STANDS FTVB CENTS
urn Juki m
COUNTER MTAI HAVE
DRIVEN GElilAkS BACK
Great Flocks of Airplanes
Hover Over Battle Front
Dropping Deadly Borahs -
German Loss Already Plae
. ed at One Hundred Thous
and Men-Enemy Positions
South of Marne Reduced to
Very Scanty Foothold-Discouraged
Drive Is Failure.
; Paris, July 17. Allied troops already
in the line and those reserves Immed
iately behind the front were sufficient
to breals the new drive, according to
dispatches received here today. When
the enemy attacked there was no neces
sity for hurried regroupings of men
to withstand the assaults, .due to con
tinual arrival of fresh American
With the French Armies In the
Field,, July 17. German prisoners ta
ken in the Champagne fighting are
fatigued and discouraged at the fail
ure of their new drive. Some blame of
ficers for lack of success.
The commander of one battalion, a
former professor, harrangued his sub
alterns and under officers of the army
declaring they remained in the ear
and sent the citizen officers to their
death, according to prisoners.
London, July 17. German casualties
In the new drive have reached nearly
100,000, according to authoritative es
timates made here, today.
' London, July 17. American and
French troops counter attacking on a
four mile front south of Dormans, have
swept tho Germans back 3000 yards
(nearly two miles) bringing the enemy
brigades across the river under artil
lery fire, it was learned from an au
thoritative source this afternoon.
Eemaining German positions south of
tho river which marked their far
thest advance toward Paris in the new
drive have thus been reduced to a
scant and precarious foothold.
The enemy yesterday advanced three
miles south of tho river to Fesligny
(5 miles east and south of Dormant)
xThe Germans' positions here are men
aced by the French and American
counter attack just to the westward.
Violent Air Fighting.
With The French Armies In The
Field, July 17. Some of tho most vio
lent and spectacular air fighting of
the war is under way on the Cham
pagne front. Allied airmen have.clear
y maintained their superiority.
Bombing planes fie wover the bat
tlefield in great numbers. One group
consisted of more than a hundred ma
Fighting planes ceaselessly poured
machine gun fire into masses of Ger
mans. One squadron blocked the most
jmportaut bridge over the Marne for
fifteen minutes, not a single boche
being able to pass.
This aeriar activity continues, despite
the fact that low hanging clouds make
flying difficult. .
Frantic effort to Keep Gains.
London, July 17. The second day of
the new campaign drive was limited
to frantic efforts by the Germans to
maintain local gains they won in their
initial rush. The outstanding feature
of the battle, as reported by last night's
official communiques, was passing or
the initiative into the hands of the
allies on most parts of the front indi
cated by the great number of counter
It has been esablished ha he German
losses were extremely heavy. The night
Paris official report also said that great
numbers of prisoners were taken by thq
Americans in their counter attack on
the Marne. Berlin claimed more than
At no point in the fifty mile battle
front did the enemy even come close to
attaining any of his ambitious geogra
phical or strategic objectives. The
greatest gains, either claimed by the
Germans or admitted by the French, are
less than 4 miles. These are between
Bheims and the Marne and east of
Bheims, between Prunay and Prosnes,
By John DeGandt.
United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Paris, July 17. (4 p. ni.), The sit
uation in the Champagne was authoria
tively pronounced "excellent" in the
middle of the afternoon. Tho enemy is
generally held everywhere, it was said.
More hard fighting is expected but
the general impression is that the Ger
man effort will not continue long.
Tho Germans attacked the Americans
at Pruuay, five times unsuccessfully it
(Prunay is seven miles southeast of
Eheims. This is the first intimation
that Americans are fighting in that sec
tor. The original American sector east
of Bheims, is near Main De Massiges.)
American lines south of the Marne
wero completely reestablished by their
counter attack which lasted from noon
Monday for into the night. To the right
of tho American positions, the Germans
retained heirt bridgo-lioad on the bank.
Americans aided th.9 French there by co
ojerating in the latter 's counter atacks
recovering several small villages, won
from he French.
IN NEW TAX BILL
Profiteering Is To Be Taxed
To Limit to Produce War
Washington July 17. Tho house ways
and means committee is going after the
ill-gotten wealth of the war contract
profiteer iu framing the new $8,000,
000,000 revenue bill.
A retractive tax bill which will am
ount to practical seizure of ta.pt,r-profits
resulting from fat government con
tracts particularly as they touch can
tonment building andother "cost plus"
arrangements has the almost unani
mous backing of the committee, a poll
of membors revealed today.
Several members made the additional
suggestion that a3 each individual case
of profiteering is developed, it be call
ed to the attention of the public and tho
government department involved.
The first step iu the committee 's prof
iteer hunt will be an inquiry. With six
weeks to frame a bill tho committee is
williijg to spend half the time, if ne
cessary at this. Every facility of the
treasury department has been offered
the committee in its probe.
That profiteering exists, sufficient to
warrant such an inquiry, is shown by
the president's utterance that the profi
teer is with us by the recent feaeral
trade commission report and treasury
department data, committee members
This proof has been clinched by addi
tional data in the hands of tho house
This Includes the case of a coal com
pany which made 2000 per cent and tho
caso of an individual whose income
jumped from $6,500 to $600,000 in a sin
The determination of the committee
to go the limit in taking war profits is
based on the belief thaj; normal business
and the country at large should not be
asked to bear additional tax burdens
until the gains of a few unconseionabl
individuals and firms are turned back
into the federal treasury.
The committee's course also means
that they have rejected the argument
that there must be large profits if the
treasury is to realize any considerable
amount on excess profits and income
taxes. This contention, coming largely
from financial centew, Is to the effect
that the committee would be even justi
fied in encouraging heavy profits to
orjpn broader fields of taxation.
Tho committee today was to end its
hearings with statements from L. L.
Somers and other ofiftfials of the war in
dustries board, concerning the platinum
Following the hearing, Chairman Kit
chin will submit his skeleton bill and
actual framing of the measure as it will
go to the house will be put under way
Now U the crmt t the canning sea
son and of course there is the federal
restrictions as to the amount of sugar a
person may use. The regulation a it
now stands is that each grocer may sell
his customer 23 pounds of sugar for can
ning purposes by the signing of a carfl
stating the sugar is to be used exclu
sively for eanning. Those who need
more than 23 pounds must apply to the
county food administrator and this is
attended to at the Commercial club.
Counter Blow Threw Germans
Back Across Marne With"
ENEMY RAIDS BEATEN
SAYS GEN. PERSHING
Americans Clear Wood and
Retake Several Strong
Washington, July 17.-American troops
fighting on the Marne July 15, com
pletely annihilated one German battal
ion, killing wounding or capturing every
man of the force, General Pershing re
This slaughter, accomplished when the
American counter-attacked, resulted in
tho enemy being thrown back on the
river and the counter blowwas "a com
plete success," Pershing added.
"In the Vosges five trench raids at
tempted by the enemy broke down un
der our fire," he added.
"American troops east of Bheims co
operated with tho French in repulsing
the enemy attack. They maintained
their positions at all points and captur
ed a number of prisoners and machine
guns. In the Vosges, the efremy at
tempted after artillery preparations, to
attack our lines on a front of 1,000
yards. The attempt broke down under
our artillery fire."
Details of the fighting in Section B,
of Pershing's communique follows:
"The counter attack made by the
American troops south of the Marne on
June 15, was a complete success. The
enemy who had crossed the river near
Fossoy and had forced back a part of
our line was thrown back on the river
with severe losses.
"One battalion was thought to be
annihilated, those who were aot killed
or Wundcd being captured by our offi
cer. French office commanding the
French troops near this point, as well as
othors belonging to a higher command
have expressed great sausfaction con
cerning tho conduct of our forces and
the result they achieved.
"On July 15, in the Hilsenfirst region
of the vosges, the tnemy attempted to
attack our lines on a front of 1,000
yards. After artillery preparation
which included the use of trench mor
tars they left their lines at 7 o'clock
in the morning and commenced to ad
vance through their own wire.
"A barrage put down promptly by
our artillery soon drove them back."
THROW GERMANS BACK.
By Fred S. Ferguson.
(United Press Staff Correspondent,)
With The Americans On The Marne
July 17, (8:45 a. m.) American troops
having thrown the Germans back across
the Marne on their sector east of Cha
teau-Thierry, are aiding the French to
clear the enemy from the stmth bank
farther to the eastward.
Cooperating with the French the Am
ericans have partially cleared Condo
wood and have retaken Hill 231 and the
village of LaChapelle Monthodon (Con-
do wood is south of Courtemont and its
western fringe evidenty formed the
American right flank. Hill 231 and
LnChapellc-Monthodon are a short dis
tance to the eastward of the wood). .
The Americans, operating alone en
tirely cleared the south bank of the
Maine in the region from Mezy to Jaul
gonne. (A front of more than two
It now develops that the Americans
never completely evacuated Mezy (on
the south bank, of the river, five miles
east and north of Chateau-Thierry.)
One platoon hid in a cellar as the bodies
rushed in. As the enemy flowed past
them i a seemingly never-ending flood
this tiny garrison held out, fighting des
perately and inflicting great losses.
The main force of Americans fell back
slowly contesting every jnch of ground
with the grey clad infantry. The little
group in the cellar fought on, like an
inlet in a rushing torrent.
Then, when the American counter at
tack drove the Germans back upon the
river, tho platoon what remained of it
riddled the ranks of the retreating
bodies with machine guns. There was a
joyful reunion when the little garrison
was again absorbed into the American
Two companies of Americans (500
men) in attempting to flank large force
of retreating- Germans, drove forward
so rapidly that they were cut off and
surrounded in a wood. Called upon to sur
render their answer was a crashing vol J
lev. Before the bodies could rccovar,
from the surprise, the doughboys rushed (
them with bayonets and cut teir way:
back to the Americans with surprisingly i
The Americans today received tie
and Seventy Are
In Pershing List
Washington, July. 17.! Ona hundred
and seventy three casualties reported
by General Pershing today were divided
Killed in action, 39; died of wounds,
16; died of disease, 4; died of airplane
accident, 2; died of acicdent and other
causes 6; wounded severely, 96; miss
ing in action 9; prisoner 1.
The casualties of the latest offensive
have not vet begun to eome in.
The list includes:
Killed in action:
Sergeants B. Cox, Sharpsville, Ind.
C. Davis, Washington, D. C.
G. George, Green Bay, Wis. '
Corporals D. Davis, Soddy, Tenn,
C. R. Harper, Social Circle, Ga.
S. M. Kraf f t, Akron, Ohio.
L. Napodauo, Brookliy, N. Y,
H. Peters, Toledo, Ohio.
W. II. Salvador, Philadelphia, Pa.
Cook J. W. Hoce, Salisbury, N. C.
PPrPivates C. A. Frauoff, Brooklyn,
tit i. -
A. P. Baldwin, Dos Moinf e, Iowa.
S. Belinski, Bridgeport, Conn.
J. Bucior, Buffalo, N. Y.
B. Burkhart, McBoborts, Ky.
G. H. Downing, Natural Bridge, N.
W. Ellison, Elmira Heights, N. Y.
J. A. Dunham, Whiting, Kan.
R. L. Finney, Canibridgo, Kan.
E. L. Fratk, Constabloville, N. Y.
F. H Huddleston, Melbourne, Fla
A. Krupot, Brooklyn, N. Y.
S. Lemma, Canandaigua, N. Y,
N. Maiuus, Greoce.
J. P. Meagher, Lillis, Kan.
E. Mitchell. New Haven, Conn.
C. E. Montague, Hobokeu, N. J.
W. Newsbaum, Fulton, N. Y.
S. E. Nichols, Tullalioma, Tcnn.
E. C. O'Brien, Roneeverto, W. Va.
J. O'Connor ,Elinira, N. Y.
C. E. Patterson, Paola, Kan.
J. H. Poe, Laurel Bloomery, Tenn.
J. D. Pulliam, Round Buttom, Va.
C. A. Schiavone, Waterbmy, Conn.
W. Siebert, Hagerst,Ti, Md.
D. C. Stough, Landere, Wyo.
J. J. Tesoro, New York.
M. E. VanPelt, New York.
Died of wounds:
Lieutenants S. L. Lennen, Soldier.
H. C. Mills, Troy, N. Y.
Sergeants J. J. Hogan, Syracuse, N.
N Louden, Humansvillo, Mo.
Corporals Es Benedict, McLean, 111.
G. Fitzgerald, Now York.
W. .II. Parsons, Sandy Hook, New
Privates J. J. Butler, Burlington, Vt.
M. Feinsod, Newark, N. J.
R. Harrison, Torrington, Conn.
F. W. (Manning, Newton, Mass.
E. A. Nelson, Lowell, Mass.
E. Pacschke, Junction City, Ore.
J. O. Pearson, Elvsia, Ohio.
V. R. Tolf ord, Sand Creek, Mich.
Died of disease:
Sergeant G. Bentley, Pontine, 111.
Privates N. Hawkwson, Weiscr, Ida
ho. P. W. Hornady, Royal Oak. Mich.
N. Piccoli, Ardmore, Pa.
Died from airplane accident:
Lieutenant A. R. Frye, New York.
Sergeant R. Dunn, Norwich, Conn.
Died from accident and other causes:
Wagoner, E. II. Gray, Elainore, Utah.
Privates H. A. Bracken, Chicago.
F. J. Buckley, Brookliyn, N. Y.
L. A. Bargor, Birmingham, Ala.
D. L. Figenbaum, Harvey, 111,
W. Laidlaw, St. Paul, Minn.
Corporals F. A. Rankin, Esthervillo,
R..E. McDonough, Marshalltown, Io
wa. J. W. Rice, Horncll, lta.
Cook A. L. Kracmer, Sioux City, Iowa.
Privates J. Beck, Chicago.
I. D. Berry, Council Bluffs, Iowa.
D. V. Binkley, Ames, Iowa.
H. Blaincy01in, Iowa.
R, O. Borgert, Brady, Mont.
L. E; Brooks, Council Bluffs, Iowa.
R. S. Brooks, Kndcliffe, Colo.
S. B Cohn, Oakland, Calif
C. P. Hammer, Kingslcy, Iowa.
V, Hreben, Chicago.
T. Jocliumson, Cedar Falls, Iowa.
W. L. Johnson, Sioux City, Iowa.
J. L. Lail, Winnebago, Neb.
M. M. McGelvey, IjOs Angeles, Cal.
L. E. Martin, Malvorn, Iowa.
W. C. Ramm, Battle Creek, Iowa.
O. O. Raworth, Dorchester, Neb.
C. A. Schmidt, Lemars, Iowa.
M. C. Shaw, Cedar Falls, Iowa,
Sergeant C. S. McKee, Sibley, Iowa.
highest praise from the French com
mand for their excellent work in the
last two days' fighting.
German morale is said to be much
lower than in any previous phase of the
offensive. They have already used up
a large part of their reserves. Prison
ers reveal the boches increasing respect
for American fighting qualities and de
clare the German losses were extremely
A map taken from a captured German
officer shows that the two American
hospitals, deliberately bombed by Ger
man airmen far in the rear of our lines
Monday night, were plainly marked.
Several cases have been reported of
boches being captured while wearing
American and French uniform,
FA TALL Y WOUNDED
IN AIR FIGHT SUNDA Y
GREATEST DAY FOR
ON WESTERN FRONT
Six German Planes and Ob
servation Balloon Brought
Down In Single Day.
By Fred S. Ferguson.
(United Press Staff CSorespondent.)
With The Americans On The Marne
July 16. (Night.) The greatest day in
the history of American aviation closod
this evening, whon our airmen came
winging homeward after having downed
six boehe planes and an observation
balloon in 24 hours.
In addition they had strafed the roadB
in the rear of the Gorman lines, photo
graphed enemy positions and worked in
conjunction with the artillery and the
After a few hours of cloudiness in tho
morning the sun shono brightly all day.
Tho Americans took the air immediately
the weather permitted and fought in
termittently until dark.
Lieutenant J. E. Stevens swept down
upon a German battery which was be
ing hauled along a road, descending as
low as 20O meters (about 500 feet), and
poured machine gun fire upon the hor
ses and men. Tho horses stampeded, tho
men jumped from their carriages nnd
guns and dived into the woods and tho
guns were dragged by frantic horses in
to a ditch.
Lieutenant Francis Simmons of New
York brought down two boche planes
during a single flight. Other Americans
who brought down enemy machines were
Lieutenant Charles Porter, of Now Ro
ehelle; Arthur Jones, of Alameda, Cnl.
Lieutenant George Robertson, Mount
Leonard, Mo., and Liontonnnt Thomas
Abcrnathy, West Pembroke, Maine.
Lieutenant Miller brought down the ob
servation balloon in flames. Robortson
and Abernathy got their victims late
Monday. No others won their fights
this afternoon. Robertson returned
with 17 bullets in his machine.
Abernathy chased a German crashing
to the ground 20 kilometers (12 1-2
miles) behind tho enemy lines. While
hS was returning six boches machines
attacked him. His machine was riddled
by fifty bullets, one of which penetrated
the cylinder off his engine.
State Guard and Home Guard
The purpose of this article, contrib
uted by the officers of the 2d battalion
1st Regiment Oregon Guard located in
this city is to remove the misunder
standing that seems to persist in the
minus or many persons in this locality
regarding the difference between the
State Guard and tho Home Guard.
.First, in regard to tie Homo Guard
which has been established in some
counties of this state, particularly in
Tho Home Guard Is not a militay
organization, nor does the state so re
gard it. The Home Guard is a volun
tary group of citizens without anj
legal organization or authority unless
swoto in by some sheriff to assist him
as deputy oheriffs within hi county
only. In that event the men serve in
a purely civilian capacity. Rules ano.
regulations, attendance at: drill, uni-
pfmns and equipment ao all optional
both as to form and as to obedience
to the same. The officers are elected
and are obeyed at will as thoir au
thority is only that of one citizen
with another. Owing to the obvious
and inherent weaknesses of fmoh an
oganizntion none were formed in
Second, in regard to the . htato
Guard established in Marion county
and in many other counties of the state
Tha State Guard exists by virtuo of
the military code of Oregon enacted
by the Legislature of 1917, together
with tho Federal Act of June 3, 1916.
The rules and regulations governing
th authMity of tho offices who are
eo nruissicned by the gr.ernor the un
iforms and f (iii,:nienl and attendance
at d'lll nrc all cftiKhcd by the laws
previously referred tu in thU articlcThe
btate Giiind is the only military organi
zation now existing in thia state and
th?ir authority is stato wide All of
their activities Pr'd oganization are
clearly defined and authorized by tho
Guard organizations are asking to be
taken over by the Ktato Uuaru,
Receiver of Irrigation
Company Makes Statemetf
Editor Capitol Journal:
There has recently appeared in your
V .V '
ffrx vV ''m v '"
LIEUT. QUENTIN ROOSEVELT.
FAVOR OF CHANGES
IN CLUB CONTROL
Committee Acts On Sugges
tions Made In Address of
President Steusloff -
No radical changes should be made
in the administration of the affairs of
the Commercial club, according to the
recommendations to be made by the
coiumitteo appointed to consider tho
suggestions made by President F. W.
Steusloff at the annual meeting. The
committeo met last evening and will
prepare its suggestions for the next
meeting ot .the club, early in August.
It will be suggested that tho segre
gation of the members of the club into
departments be eliminated, yet each
department to rotain its own activities.
That is, the membors will not be asso
ciated into departments but when any
business is to como before tho club,
t will be voted on by the member
ship in general.
Tho officers of the club will be tho
president, vico president, secretary and
treasurer, directors of the industrial,
social, civic and agricultural activities
and King Ring of the Cherrians who
will become head of the transportation
publicity and convention actviitics.
Tho Business Men's leaguo will elect
its own head.
The standing and special commit
tees will bo appointed by the board
of directors and each director will ex
ercino -supervision of tho activities of
his department, if the recommendations
of the committee are adopted.
The fiscaj year will bo changed
from May 31 (o December 31, and
monthly mcotings will bo held the
second Wednesday of each month, ex
cept during the threo summer months.
The annual election will bo held the
second Wednesday of December. At
the November meeting a nominating
committeo may bo appointed but for
each office, it must suggest three can
didates. The suggestions of the committee
will be acted on at a special meeting
to be called sometime during the first
week in August Gideon Stela is chair
man of this committeo and with him
are W. M. Hamilton, C. H. Hamilton,
Theodore Roth and Chas. II. Fisher.
paper a telegram purporting to come
from a Mr. W. L. Benhnm, president
of the Benham Irrigating company,
of California, and offering the free
uo of water for irrigation in any
part of tho West btuyton Irrigation
As there, is only one irrigation pr
ject at West Stayton, namely, the Wil
lamette Valley Irrigation Project of
which I am roceiver, I am writing to
advise you that Mr. Benham in en
tirely unauthorized in making such an
offer us be has no right, titlo or
interest in the property of the com
pany other than a certain share of the
profits of its operations. Mr. Benlmm
imnnot deliver or cause to be deliv
ered, any water through the canal of
the company, and I desire to openly
and publicly repudiate any claim by
Mr. Benham to thus oat.
On tho other hand, a receiver for
the coiinpany, I am authorized toi op
erate aid canal, and will be glad tc
leliyer water through said canal to
any bona fido applicant for same dur
ing the present dry waason, free of
company of any money expended in
dolivering water to mich applicants.
Any farmers who desire water should,
therefore, make amplication i the lo
cal agent of tho company, Mr. Jt W,
Youngest Son of Former Pre-
sident Pays Highest Price
of Devotion to Country
Plane Brought Down Dur
ing Aerial Battle and He
, Received Mortal Wound
Fought Unequal Battle With
German Air Squadron
Taris, July 17. That - Lioutenant
Qucntin Roosevelt was killed when his
airplane was brought down during a
fight near Chauteau-Thierry Sunday
wa reported in dispatches by Paris
newspapers today. -
Tho newspapers say ho was attacked
Sunday by a German squadron while re
turning from a patrol flight on the
Chauteau-Thierry front. Ho suddenly
lost control of his machine, the reports
said, "having probubly received a mor
tal wound." ,
Quentin's cousyi, Captain Philip
Roosevelt, who was in the trenches, saw
the former fall, but did not learn his
identity until later,
Roosevelt's machine which was set on
firo, fell behind the Gorman lines in full
view of the American positions. i
.Lieutenant Qucntin Rooscvet is the
youngest of Colonel Roosevelt's four
sons, all of whom are in service in
Prance. He is 22 years old. He re
ceived his commission as a lieutenant
in the first aero quadron on July 14,
1917, having entered training at Mine
ola, N. Y, on May 1. He received a
short course of intensive training under
French instructors in Frnnc.o linfnr an.
ing to tho fighting front.
Colonel Proud of Boy.
Oyster Bay, N. Y. July 17. Colonel
Roosevelt was glad today that his
youugest son, Qucntin, "hud the chance
to render some service to -Jus country."
before ho was killed in battle with Gor.
man aviators in Franco.
"Qtientin's mother and I are very
glad that he got, to the front and had
the chaneo to render somo servce to 'his
country and to how tho stuff that was
in him before his fate bofell him," tho
Roosevelt declared tho doath of his
son would have no effect on his plans.
His speech at tho republican convention
ut Saratoga will be delivered Friday
Ho and Mrs. Roosevelt will motor to
New York late this evouin,g and will
spend tho night in town at .tho Hotel
Colonel Roosevelt was informed of re
ports of Qucntin 's death at 8:15 this
morning. At first ho was too deeply af
fected to talk, but it 1 :30 p. m., after
breaking the news to Mrs. Roosevelt, he
made his brief statement. He has not
yet received any official word from the
Niipple, at West Stayton, and wo will
promptly make such arrangoments as
are possible under the circumstances.
In view of the fact that your paper
has already published the gratuitous
offer of Mr. Benham of something
that he does not own or control, and in
view) of tho fact that the State En
gineer has written this company re
questing that somo plan may bo
worked out toward tha moro general
nm of water near West Stayton, I
would request that you (publish this
letter at tho earliest possible date in
your valued paiper.
Ycur very truly,
Some folks have a worse time stand
In' th' prosperity o' oHiers than they
do their own. Mingo Tanger has come
out flat footed in favor o' th' war,