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SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY NEWS SERVICE
7 II AU!L
and Saturday fail
FORTY-FIRST YEAR- NO. 163
SALEM, OREGON, FRIDAY, JULY 12, 1918
PRICE TWO CENTS
Off TRAINS AND NEWS
STANDS FIVE CENTS
if . -
A Ibaman Stronghold or Herat
Allied Armies Unite
Lone Balkan Front
Italians Pressing Hard On Rear and Flanks of Fleeing Aus
trian Whose Retreat Is Rapidly Becoming Rout Fight-
ing Now Developing Alon? Entire Balkan Front With
Bulgarian Artillery Active Against French and Greek
Positions In Macedonia Situation Fast Becoming One
of Great Interest
' Washington, July 12.-Berat has fallen before the ad
vancing Italian troops in Albania, an official caWe to the
Italian embassy reports. -
Berat is a strategic center of the road to Serbia and
was the immediate objective of the allied offensive in
Albania. A great quantity of war booty and numerous
prisoners were taken.
Capture of the city was expected by military author
ities after dominating heights to the south and west were
taken by Alpine troops in hand to hand fighting.
French troops had pressed tha Austrian defenses to
the east back beyond the city. The Austrians; realizing
the importance of maintaining their positions, fought
desperately until practically 'surrounded.
The fall of Berat completely unites the allied forces
operating in Albania. Withdrawal of the Austrians north
of the Semeni was also announced in the Rome cables.
By Ed L. Keen
(United Press staff correspond nt)
London, July 12. Activity is de
veloping along the whole Balkan front
anil there are increasing indications
that till AUbaniaa fighting may spread
to the entiro 300 mile line from the Ad
riatic, to the Gulf 'cf Keudiua.
The Italians have crossed the Semeni
iivor at oiij or more points, according
to the latest reports from the battle
front, and are neiring the new Aus
trian's defense Hue. along the Skhumbi
river. Infantry has progressed at least
'2"i miles norli of the original lino on
the Vojutza. while cavalry detach
ments are rci;o'trd to have advanced
even further. This would bring the
Italians into the region nf Lushn'e,
about 'midway 'between the Semeni and
In Macedonia, Bulgarian artillery is
'heavily bombarding the French and
!rfr-k lsiitiiis, espei ifi-Hy north of
aiinastir and west cf the ardar river.
British airmen made bombing raids on
enemy dupots in the Struma valley.
The Struma i presents the extreme
right wing of the allied front. The Var
lar flows into the Gulf of Snloniki at
the city of that name.
The right. wing cf the Austrians, re
treating on the sixty mile frout from
the ,sea eastward, is said to be falling
Ibe.ck so rapidly that the retirement in
w mo places holders on a rout. Great
quantities of .material are falling into 1
the hands of the Italians and Aldan-,
ia'.s, while tle enrmy is destroying1
Kffective reis ance bY the enemy is
becoming lees frequent and whenever
PAY HEAVY TAKES
IN PROPOSED BILL!s
Luxuries Will Be Heavily
Taxed But Profiteers W31
Be Loaded Heaviest
Washington, July 12. War profiteers
wai bear the heaviest taxes under pro
visions of the new war tax bill to raise
sj.S,(Xtfl,000,0i)O: taxes on luxuries nsei
by the people will be a secondary con
nutation. Such is the intention of the
l-eme ways and means committee whic
U drafting the measure. '
'lhe schedule for - taxes on luxuries
K.bmitted by the treasury department is
,-M'ceded to e an excellent basis for
thai kind of levies when they beeonu
(Continued on pag two,'
w u f7
a temporary stand is made the Italians
succeed in inflieting heavy casualties.
Rome July 12. Austria's defeat In
Albania is proportionately as over
whelming a reverse as the Piave rout,
battle front dispatches received here
In a three day advance cf from 20
to 25 miles the Italians and their allies
aweipt forward irresistibly, occupying
the whole southern bank of the Semeni,
according to a message from Valona.
Italian tiwftus have almost entirely
enveloped the city of Berat. Its sur
render is expected momentarily.
Fierce fighting took place on the
Austrian right wing, where strong re
sistance was offered to the incessant
attacks of the Italians, dispatches said
After a three day fight the enemy's
stubborn defense was smashed and
Italian cavalry proceeded from the
right wing and swept into Fieri.
(Continued on page six)
NINETY THOUSAND CANS
ARE FILLED DAILY AT HUNT
BROTHERS SALEM CANNERY
r f lL D; !J,K.::fm10 to 23awek, the high figure
UUC VI UK 1M UUlUdll ICO
Which Are Making Ths
City Great Fruit Center
An avernge of more than 90,000 cans
a dav were filled at the Hunt Bros. Co..
g the past week, mostly
ugh to fill five large cars
g to W. A. Allen who
has been manager of the plant since it
opened for business in 1914. Early in
the year in anticipation of a big season
Mr. Allen had stored in the plant 700,
000 cans. During the height of the cher
ry s'ason, there was packed ready for
shipment, 90,000 cans a day.
This immense business is made pos
sible of course through machinery. Af
ter a can has been filled, it is jdaced on
a conveyor and as it goes on its jour
ney is syruped, exhausted, tops put on
and rrimivd, sterilized and then cool
i en wiimuir me luurn oi a nauu. uiiijti, jfwj an acre ana many snowed a
! machine that crimp? the tops has a cap-; dear profit of $2-i0 an acre. In many in-
acity of 50 cans a minute. !s;anes where there was but a few trees
j During the be rush of the cherry j the yard, the average has run from
s ruin, the Hunt Bros. Co., eanneryjmj t a tree. One instance is the
.--mployed 330 workers, of which 300 : thr.e on what is known as the Cox
I were girls and women. The stemming of j piopvrty on Chcmeketa and hummer
(cherries is done on the basis of piecei --reets. Ti:c lot wa recently purchased
I wont that is, more -work.
and the average fn; the women hai run
Total of Fifty-Two Casualties,
Nine of These Having Been
Killed In Action
Washington, July 12. General Per
shing today reported 02. casualties, di
vided as follows:
. Killed in action, 9; died of wounds, 7;
died of disease, 7; died of airplane ac
cident, 2; died of accident and other
causes, 4; wounded severely, 15; wound
ed glightly, 1; wounded, degre.9 undeter
mined, 2; missing iu action, 5.
The list' follows:
Killed in action:
Lieutenants W. Brown, Washington,
H. M. Coppinger, Oklahoma City, Okla
J. C. Paisley, Uibnonville, N. C.
A. M. Trotter, Camden, S. C.
Sergeant P G. Miller, Lancaster, Pa
Privates' S. L. Conklin, Newark, N.
S. Dusannki, Schnectady, N. Y.
Hf F. Jones, Roauok,?, Va.
W. Santimaw, Potsdam, N. Y.
Died from wounds: '
Captain G. R, Spaulding, Columbus,
Lieutenant R. E. Ball, Wpllaston,
Privates J. W. Brcsnihau, Rochester
H. L. Erisman, Sterling, 111 .
J. V. Foanessy, Rochester, N. Y.
H. Klein, New York.
W. F. Ryan, Portage, Wis.
Died from diseasw:
Lieutenants F. A. Browne, Petersburg
W. R. Lux, Fort Shaw, Mont.
iireniau C. Hendricks,, Havre, France
irivates J. H Ensley, Ainsworth,
H. L. Xicholason, Scotts Mills, Ore
Died of aeroplane accident:
Lieutenants W,. D. Robbing Raleigh
.T. C. Wilford, Asheville, N. C.
Died from accident'and other causes:
Captain K. H. Dauber, Benicia, C'al.
Seigeant A. J. Peterson, Beloit, Wis.
( orporal G. M. Cox, Denison, Texas.
. Cook II. E. Hollingsworth, La Harpe,
an. - ; s
WAB CLOUD WAS WIN NEE
Aqueduct Race Track, July 11. War
Cloud, A. K. Macomber's 3 year old,
this nfternoon won the Dwyer Stakes
at this track.
.luck Hare. Jr., finished second and
fohren, generally accepted up to this
time as the champion three years old,
being earned by those who had had
some former experience ia tho canning
The plant is handling about 40 per
cent more cherries than for any former
year and about twice as many as oul
year ago. Hii:cc 1914 when the cannery
firt opened for business, it has been
gradually enlarged until now its capa
city is four times as larg! as during
its first year.
And not only has the cannery been
doing a record business, but the far
mers who have cherry tracts and the
homfs that have just a few cherry
trees ail have profited. This year Roy
al Amies were sold at eight cents a
pound, a profit of six cents a pound
to the grower, compared to a little over
four cents a Vi?ar ago. Other kind of
cherries paid in proportion.
As a money making proposition, the
cherrv year of 191 S may be a record
breaker. Many tracts yielded from $3-j0
(Coutiaued on pag: two)
NEXT HUN DRIVE
IS ALLIED BELIEF
'Experts Figure This Is Reason
For Recent Operations of
By J. W. T. Mason
(I'nited Press war expert)
New York, July 12. Fersisitent
Freiteh atta'ks between the Aisne and
tha Marne strongly suggest that Gen
oral Foch believes Von Hindenburg's
next offensive, if it materializes at all
will be directed aguinst Paris.
The Aisne-Marne front is the best
jumping off .place for an advance on
Paris. This is especially true of the
northern sector. It i here, east of the
villers-Cotltere.ts forest that General
Foeh haji lately eonceutratcd his ef
forts to improve iiis local tositions. To
day's official French report announces
still another victory in this district
which may well be regarded as the out
er defenses of Paris;
The Villers-Cotterebs forest is the
most valuable defensive area in Gen
eral Foeh's ipossessien between the
Aisiio and the " Marne. The Germans,
have advanced to fhe eastern fringe
of ithe forest, but are now being shov
ed Pfeek at impdiiaiit. local .points.
These) successful as.-slts by General
Foeh are adding to the defensive -security
of the Fronich positions, but they
also gravely interfere with such prep
arations as Von Hindenburg may bo
making for a drive in that area.
The Villers-Cotterets forest splendid
ly ipotects the principal railway run
ning from tho Aisne Marne front to
Parra. There is 'an almJirable path for
a quick lash toward Paris some twelve
miles wide between this railway and
the Ourcq and Marne rivers, which
form a continuous stream. If Von Hin
denburg could penetrate through the
frrost he would have overcome the
chief obs aclo to seizing this runway to
Thereafter tho French would have
no natural defenses to assist in the
frontal defense of their capital. They
would have to rely largely on threat
ening the two German flanks near
Oomipiegno and Chateau Thierry. These
threat certaiulv would develop new
complications for von Hindenburg.
But with the Villers-Cottereta forest
in the enemy's (possession, the alli'V
task would "'be seriously increased.
General Foeh. therefore, intends to
make sure that Von Hindenburg's line
remains to the cast of tho forest and
such ia the purpose of his present activities-
PIONEER DENTIST DIES.
Portland, Ore., July 11. Dr. Edwin
Augustus Maker, member of a pioneer
family that helped settle Cincinnati,
Ohio," and who himself was one of the
first Oregon settlers, died here toda
He was born in "Cincinnati.
"I'll never marry another man till I
see him in civilian clothes, believe me"
.-aid Mrs. Tilford Moots' niece t'day.
T'pcle Enos Timberluke, who mastered
a high wheel bicycle in 18x4, dropped
fiend on th' floor of a dnnr-in' academy
)-,t nv'.it, at th' on of 104.
Large German Patrol
By Rw & Ferguson
(United Press correspondent)
With the Americans on the
Marne, July 11. (Night) A
targe German petrol which at---
tempted; to raid the American ,
lines near Chateau-Thierry was
repulsed sanguinarily yesterday
afternoon. Presence of new eue
my units in this sector was re-
vended through identification
of the dead.
There was hanaasing artil-
lery fire on various parts of the
front, but aside from the raid
no infantry ' action was re-
Heavy clouds, high winds
and min prevented aerial
Washington, July 12. Presi
dent Wilson today vetoed the
agricultural bill fixing a mini
mum prico of $2.40 a bushel for
OF ALLIED NATIONS
Raymond Robbins, Bull Moose
Leader, Advocating Of
By Robert J. Bender
i (United Press Staff Correspondent)
Washington, July 12. The great prob
lem of a 'working arrangement botweien
the interallied economic mission and
Russian business interests is near so
lution, j '
The, United States- chamber of com
merce, conferring with tho Kusfian-Am-ericuu
chamber of commorce throughout
this week, is determining not only upon
a. business plan of operation, but also
on much of the mission's personnel. It
was indicated today that Daniel Mi
lord, formerly head of tho war indus
tries board and president of tho Balti
more and Ohio railroad might head the
American branch of tho mission.
Others in tho unique expedition will
include business' men who )iftv Iraded
with Russians in the past.
As recently forecast, by the United
Press, the working agreement of the
(Continued on pago seven)
DID ALBERT ROENER
Hat and Coat Found on Raft
on Bank of Willamette
Did Albert M. Koemer commit sui
cide Iu,st night by downing in the Wil
Superintendent Steiner of tho Ore
gon slate hospital and Coroner ('lough
aro looking for an answer to the ques
tion. Indications point to suicide.
R emer, who was committed to the
asylum from Multnomah county April
10, eloped from, the institution yester
day .afternoun and this morning his hat
and tont were round on a raft near
tho Imnk of the Willamette river,
abovo the wagon bridge
Last evening B:i(lo Tender Irwin
siw a ninn with his hat and coat off
on the raft, and this morning it was
Mr. Irwin who noticed that the hat
and coat were still on the raft but no
man was in sight. Dr. S'riner says he
thinks the man drowned himself,' but
Conner dough is inclined tit think he
wandered off and forgot his hat ami
A letter addressed to an unnamed
friend was found in the coat packet.
It gave no indications of being writ
ten by a man with an unsound mind.
In tho letter Roomer fays he has not
improved very much, that ho is lone
some for his wife and children, but
feels better since he has been paroled
and -can get out on the hospital
grounds. Ho advise the frieud about
feeding the cow will during the hot
An effort is being made to locate tho
body, if it is in the river.
LIBERALS ACCEPt VON HINTZE
Copenhagen, July 12. Tho German
liberals are willing to give Admiral
Von Hintzo "a trial" as foreign min
ister, the Vossi'ho Zeitung says
Philip H heidcmann and other social
ist leaders accepted Von Hintze's ap
pointment "with certain reserva
IN RECENT RAID
German O&cial Report Says
trews Were Captured In
Attack On Coblenz
FRENCH DRIVE AHEAD ON
FIVE MILE FRONT TODAY
Rains Are Again Seriously In-
tenernng With West
Berlin, Via Lcjndon. July 11. "Tire
alrplanai of an American squadron of
six. Intending to raid Coblenz, vera
captured and their crewa taken prison
er," the German war office announced
Coblent 13 the capital of the Rhine
province and is situated on the river of
Uiat name, fifty miles southeast of Co
logne. 1$ has a population or auout 50,
000. By William Philip Simms
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
With the British Armies in. France,
Julv 12. Heavy rains throughout the
British front seem to assure further d,e
!.y in resumption of the German offen
1'hero have been intermittent showers
daring the past two days, which in
j.ea?.'d to a steady downpour last night
French Drive Forward
Paris, Julv 12. Driving forwntd on
a five-milo front, tho French again
luaue important guiuis ueiwcen me Aisiir
and the- Marne, capturing the village of
Lougpout and' several adjacent strong
holds, the French war office announced
German artillery wns active in the
Verdun sector. The French mado suc
cessful raids in the Champagne region
and north of Montdidier.
"North of Chavigny and cast of Fa
verollcs tho French accentuated their
progress," the communiquo said.
"Longpont village and the Javage
farm were occupied.
"French troops took twenty prison
,"i' in raids north of Montdidier and in
"German artillery wan active along
the left bnnk of the Mouse (Verdun
The French operations between thi
!ine and the Marne aro becoming in
evcisingly important. Capture of tho
village and cnstlo of Corey was report
ed only yesterdny in this siinv.' neigh
borhood, while Cliavigny farm also h'.n
Continued on page three)
SEVEN LADIES WERE IN
THIS DOUGHBOY PARTY
How Boys of Army Enter
tained Real Ladies with
With the American Army in France,
June 18. (Bv M.'.ill All along that
on all the other regiments in a social
wav, and whin's more the other regi -
men Is have to admit it.
It came about this way. I
The boys appreciated the doughnuts
the Salvation Army sisters had been
mal.iiig for them when nil ll.e fellows
were in the trenches, and also the work.
of the Y. M. C. A. women were doing
to tnak." war more pleasant.
So one company decided to put on a
show back in the woods to entertain the I
women. Then another company wanted!
to join in, Bi'd another, until pretty!
soon five companies had brought forth
talent, and they called it a "vaude-i
Back in a certain thick woods they
found an open space about as large a
a big theatre, and about the same shape
part of the line thev'ro still talking when tho rug tiine kid from C company
about the "party nt the front with !""'" ".vnco,,tfl.
,,,, to it ' 'which the boys of the-th " -veryone was happy aud asked no
The -11, figures it wit one ove. i l"'t. I't just wished ho could
At one end th-ey put up a slngo under j Vancouver, B. C, July 12. Grim
some trees and blankets make go'x'jtnles of horror and famine in Russia,
enough for curtains, whon moved l ack ; mcsonm storieg of war, bolsheism, civ
and i'nrth on a wire. The flowers and j conflict and wholeilc murders by
brarclics made fine scenery, and the t li e Germans stories of pathos, mis
ground wni us good an orchestra pit cry and human wifl'criug were brought
;ns you ever saw wnen me regimental, to Vancouver riy a party or sixteen
'band took its place in it. ;'Hussiiui refugees aboard tho S. 8.
No Reserved Sea". '
Doughboys from the front who could
be spared were allowed to come bacMol
the woods th," v''''i before the boehesj
wouldnt' see any troop movemeut, audi
FOR PEACE TALKS
Chancellor Hertling Reiterates
That Enemies Beet On
GIVES REASONS FOR
Food. Shortage Forces Paring
Down of Rations For
Washington, July 12. Bread ration
are being pared down, because of food
scarcity, according to reports in offi
cial circles bp-re today. All men in uni
form have heretofore been allowed a
supplementary food ration, such as
manual laborers receive. Scarcity, how
ever, hag forced abolition of extra ra
dons, for all orderlies, mim attendants
and other soldiers not engaged in com
batant or heavy service.
London, July 12. Germany 's leaders
military as well as political, are ready
to consider "sincere peace proposals.'
Chancellor Von Hertling declared in o
speech before the main committee of
the redc.hstttg yesterday, according to
dispatches received here today.
"Tho rent speechee of President
Wilson and Foreign Secretary Balfour
plainly indicating our enemies' will to
destroy her, force Germany to con
tinue; the siruggle," Von Hertling said
"Tho closest unity, however, exists
among Geiuiany's political and mili
tary loaders regarding readiness to re
ceive sincero peace proposals. '
Von Hertling said the change in for
eign ministers -was not due to any real
difference in -opinion, 'but becauso per
simii discussion had revealed matters
which Khould not have been published.
He further stated that the new for
eign minister will not chango tho em
pire's policy; that the government will
prosccuio vigorously the reforms al
ready Ibelnun nd ihat -the program
laid down in his reply to the pupe will
be etrictly adhered fci.
Fresh Crista Predicted
London, July 12. Reports from Ger
many, including newspaper comment,
indicate thaW the appointment of Al
iniiml Von Hintze as foreign eecreitary
is likely do precipitate a fresh oritiis.
There is evidence that Chancellor
Von Hcrtlinst and even nioro particu
larly, Vice (Sharwcllor Von Payer, will
find Von Hintze's "strong" policy
embarrassing- It is reported that Von
Payor will resign if Von Hintze at
tempts en open pan-German ipo)!.cy.
Less interest, is evidenced here, how
ever, than regarding any previous
changes in the German government.
(Continued on page two)
bcfoio the show begun they f,prang from
every bush and tree, and folded their
legs under them on nature s unreserv
ed seat, tho ground.
The committee in charge hud detailed
one group to "scare up" a piano. They
irot. one. no one knows where jexcepk-
i ,l(j.it unti g German name on it, and
it turned out tip-top American wubio
nu.:.. :., ... .!..,. :u ;n
i ' '
(Continued on page three)
JELL m STORIES
Germans Killed Ali. Russians
Who Looked Like They
Would Make Soldiers
Arabia Muni here after a run from
,i isaka and Yokohama,
It is plain fiom the storiee related
(Continued on page two)
1 ivuiu, u