Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, July 11, 1918, Image 1

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ClJlLl!. , K , .-5 1 vt.' V.T,
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 162
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, JULY 11, 1918
PRICE TWO CENTS
OK TBADT8 AKD KEWi
STANDS 1'IVK CENTS
XX
illiiriffll,
f2!
BS1BE
SH
CZfCtid-SLOVAKS
III
Official Gives Interview to
Japanese Newspaper Set
- ting Fojth Ideals
RUSSIAN VAR FRONT
TO BE RE-ESTABLISHED
Ukraine In State of Country
wide Revolution Against
German Oppressors
Tokio, July 11. Policies of the new
Siberian government set up at Vladi
vostok by the victorious Czecho-Slo-Taks
ware outlined In an interview
which a member of the Czech govern
ment gave to a correspondent of the
Japanese newspaper Nlchi Mchi in
Vladivostok.
Tho government says the interview,
da a not recognize the Brest-Litovsk
treaty; its purposes to effect the auto
nomy of Stbeiria; to lehabilitate the
army and sjnd troops to re-establish
the eastern front; it will not repudiate
the Russian national debts, and Siber
ia will py her share of them.
An official Japanese statement is
sued here announces the capture of Ha
barovsk by the Czechs. A considerabl
force of red guards surrendered.says the
statement, and the Czechs pursued the
remainder of the enemy toward Nlco
larevsk. Stockholm, July 11. the bolshevik
war commissariat of the northern re
gion of Russia, following the landing
of allied troops on the Murman coast,
ordered hurried war preparations, it
was leirned here today.
Military units hav.j been ordered
forapd and the workmen and peasants
of the classes of 1896-97 have been call
ed into service for at least six months.
Three hundred Serbian and Italian
of fid a have been arrested at Arch
angel upon order of Premier Lenine,
it is reported.
American Consul Poole and British
Consul Lockhardt, visited Foreign Min
ister Tchitcherin at Moscow and de
nied they had published a secret state
ment urging aliied intervention.
By Joseph' Shaplen
(United Press slalif eOrrcspondi i.t)
. Stockholm, July 11. Ckrainc is in
o state of country wide revolution, ac
cording to dispatches received here to--lay.
The German1! are pouning iu rein
foreennerats, whii'h now iluave reached
a, total of 35' divisions (420,000 men.)
The peasants 'have goveiftl small ar
niies of 15.000 to 20.000 each, all well
.armed and with artillery and machine
guns. These are defending the villages
and whole sections, of trenches.
The fight is not of a political char-
(Continued on page two
mm
Young Man From Liberty
Now In United t States
Airplane Service
The following leltter written from
Amtth Vn rnsliHrmioh In thr pmiiits nf '
.Hants, England, is from O. L. McDon
ald uf.the 806 Aero Squadron. U. S.
air service aud is to Pan F. Langeu
b.rg. The writer lived near Liberty
and has many friends in the city. He
enHs cd Dec. 6, 1917, for airplane ser
vice, was sent fii-st. to Vancouver, then
to Texas anl then direct to- E
,-wlieie he is now located within
11 mili.a nf I.nndin
i n
won
Ml FM
He writes in part: "We have been ; e"t front would liberate excellent road
in England now for Htfveru! weeks anrtjw'a"s or the purpose.
on the whole we have received rea'lv
a jHendid rfcition and especially is
this true of the civilian folks. Four
years of war without victory has nrsde
the srldiei just a Irttle sensitive and
w? lave to be very guarded in our
remarks t theni not to offend. The
(Continued on page, four)
muamsm
FIGHT ON PRUSSIANS
ALLIES COMPLETE
IN AIRHASTERY
ON WEST ERONT
German Aviators Now Fight
ing Mainly On Defensive
and In Night Raids
BOMBS ARE DROPPED
Lieutenant Quentin Roosevelt
Fights German Flyer and
Wins Victory
By William Philip Simms
(United Press staff correspondent)
With tho British Armies in'Fiauce,
July 11. . Allied aviators apparently
have attained absolute mastery ot tne
air.
They are catrying the aerial warfare
far .behind the German lines. Altho
given (the beat weather 'of 'the whole
war there is comparatively little bat
tling, duo to the cxtreime caution of
'phe tlermian airmen. Their activities
are confined to night bcaubina, while
the British bomb all night and fight
all day. when anything can be seen.
The 'bodies conduct, their bombing
operations from an altitude of about
ten thousand feet, owing to the belch
ing fire from our "archie."
The British bombers drop down to
a heiiaht of 500 fecit or even fifty feet
before they let loose their high ex-
(Continued on page three)
ALBANIAN MOVE
OF ITALY PUZZLES
EXPERT OBSERVERS
'Any One Or All of Four Rea
sons Are Set rorth As Ob
jects for Offensive
. By J. W. T. Mason
(United Press War Expert)
!
New York, July 11. Italian ope a-1
turns in Ainania are puzzuug irr inc
niounent as to the objectives which are
b"jng sought. The new offensive has
coma without any warning and it is
difficult lo determine what tho Italain
general btnff has in mind.
Uiev are four possiblo reasons for
j the drive:
First To supply the demand for uo.v
vittorios, which have beon stimulated
is Italy by the recent sucee;s?s against
t lie Austio-IIungarions.
Hi-cond To create a diversiou that
nill -prevent the Austro-Hungaiiaus
t'niiii concent rating all their forces for
a new attack along the Piave.
Third Tu encourage the spirit of re
viit among (he Slav nationalities iu
Au.-tria-Uungory.
Wurtli To prepare the way for an
aliied offensive in the Balkans.
"."cry likely, tho first three reasons
are acting co-operatively. Whether the
final ami by far the most important
pliability, is being seriously considered
must be regarded doubtfully until there
is inore evidence. For tlv. allies to at
tempt a 'major advance in the Balkans
3. this time would be a serious drain!
m their strength. Greek aid would lx
m.'cessarv to a verv large extent and it
is not probable that the Greek army is
as yet supplied with, munitions of war
on a sufficient scale to give reasonable
sin-' tr of suceess.
If, however, at a later tune, it is the
intention of the allies to nttemr.t to
oywrlhrow the Bulgarians, valuable ship -
ping space coum be saved oy moving
ng'aml.i?,ie". Gr-'ece "Y"'1"3 a"v AI"ithe Belmont Stakes and the Snburba'n
t about .ban"-And advance of but a short rtu-1 Handicap, wiU earrv ton wcighl of 127
iniiee y tne Italians Deyona tneir pee -
TRAITOR TO FEDERAL PRISON.
Saa Francisco, July 1?
i.aurence ue
Lacey, convicted of plotting to effect
the escape of German consular officials!
from Ang.el Islond was tn route to Mc-j
eighteen month sentence.
ITALIANS PUSH
AUSTRiANS BACK
W1THVVIDESWEEP
Advance Reaches Point
Where Bulgarian Right
Wing Is Threatened
OBJECTIVE SEEMS TO
BE OLD ROMAN ROAD
British Troops Again Ad
vance South of Semeni
Improving Positions
Rome, July 11. The Italians, contin
uing their advance in Albania, are forc
ing the Auitrians back tov'ari the
SkUumba river, the Italian war office
announced today.
"In Albania, we are continuing our
advance," the statement said.
-'The Austrlans are retreating toward
tho !khumba river."
The Italians evi4ently. have cross
ed the Semenl river, which represented
an advance of 15 miles from the Vojut
za, over the sixty mile front from tho
Adriatic to the Devoli river.
The Skhumba is 15 miles north of the
Semeni. Sunning through the Skhum
ba valley is the Old Roman road from
Monastir to the sea, which is the main
military objective of the Italians. Th
important city of Elbasan also is lo
cated in the valley.
ON NEW DEFENSE LINE.
Vienna, Via London, July 11. "We
have organized our new defensive line
iu Albania," the Austrian war office
announced todoy.
"A French company, feeling its way
down the valley of the DtvoU, was re
niiUed." By Ed L. Keen
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
London, July 11. Italian forces aid
ed by French and Albanians together
witu British naval unita, are sweeping
(Continued on page three)
A BAD DREAM.
Bedding, 'Cal., Julf 11.
Dreaming the hotel was afire,
Thomas Quinlan this morning
jumped out of a third floor win
dow, landing on a brick pile
pile below.
He fractured three ribs and
sustained internal injuries.His
condition is serious.
ft;!?
FORD CHASER SWAMPED.
Detroit, Mich., July 11. Eagle
number one Henry Ford's sub
marine getter probably will
slip into the waters of the River
Rogue late today. The exact time
of the launching is bein. kept
secret but officials say the new
typa of hoat Is ready to 1 sent
on its mission. Only a few offi
cials and ship workers will be
permitted to witness the Eagle's
glide into the water. No cere
mony has been arranged.
s)c sfc sc i(c sc jc jfc s(c jjs jfc sjc sjc ))c
FIRST BIO RACE.
New York, July 11. The first tesl
i tu .,., i.r? u.n ul
three year old thoroughbreds on the
eostcrn tracks will come today at the
AnniHupf trar-k whpn Aaic lfarn .Tr
I t.'. " " .a , C. n II , Z:7, 1.'
! ra(e a mile and ow, f urlon
jonren winner of the Lgtonia dcrbv
1 noun,, Th nthpr .n. ....... 12. r,nll,1a
ITALIAN GENERAL KILLED-
Rome, July 11. General Uniberto
Fadini. com'mandinz the artillerv of
, the 1 wentv Third arniv eoTips, was kill-
ed br an eni-mv- shell wltile leading a"
reconnaissance on the Piave, it wos
announced yesterday. He was a greit
er. . .
TILE" DELIVERS HAIL UNDER DIFFICULTIES
L.-sVw' ...
UNCLE 8AM DKUVKRS MAIL CLOSK UP -TO K1R1NO LINE The U. S.
marinas receive their mail at their dugout - door. This photograph shows a
U. S. mianiue receiving his mail. Note- tho insignia of the marine corps on
the mail bag France. ' .
() Committee on Public iuforma tion, from Underwood & Underwood
Thirteen Marines
Killed In Action
4 Wounded Die
Most of These Named In Cas
ualty List Today From
East-One Calif ornian
Washington, July 11. Marino casual
ties reported today totalJJS5, divided
as follows:
Killed in action, 13; d.'ed of woi.nds
4; wounded severely, 18. -
The list follows:
' Killed in action:
Second Lieutenant J. A. Synni.tt,
Montelair, N. J.
Gunnery Sergeant A. Russell, Osh
kosh, Wis.
Corporal P. L. Dowle, Chicago. .
' Privates' J. F. Blaloek, Hamlet, N. 0
C. Boehm, Irvington, N. J.
W. H. Coughlin, Chicago.
F. 1). Fairclough, Beacon, N, Y.
R. J. Ford, 'Detroit, Mich.
G. O. Hainkt, Anniston, Al,
P. M. Kidwell, Berkeley, Cii
E. J. Labonte, York Buach, Maine
C. A. O'Connor, Orlando, Fla.
B. F. Schaufle, Cleveloiid, Ohioi
Died of wounds received in action:
First Lieutenant G. H. Yarborougli,
Mullins, S. C.
. Privates N-. D. Hutchinson, Easton,
Colo. ' .
W. B. Pickai tz, Chicago.
H. A. Wendel, Chicago.
WounrV'd in action severely:
t Corporal J. Vucick, Chicago.
Privates Jf D. Quan, Chicago.
W. E. Osborne, dental, surgeon, U. S.
N nttnclicd to the marines, killed in
oc.tion.
SE POSSE ON
TRAIL 0FJ5ANDITS
Three Men Were Shot During
- 1 ram Robbery, But
Will Recover
Paola, Kan., July 11. Bandits who
held up the M. K. and T. "Texas Spec
ial" ot Koch, Kansas, last night, were
reported today to be hiding in a wood
ten miles south of Paola. Nearly 200
officers and armed citizens were trying
i to surround them. A battle was expect
ed.
I Paola, Kan. Julv 1 1 . A second posse
-started -today on the trail of 13 bandits
who lielil up the "Texas Special" of
the Misouri- Kansas and Texas rail
road, shot thrc? persons, nibbed sever
al a-wtengers and lotted the mail and
express ears.
Fireman R. E. Carter, Train Auditor
'E. C. Witcher ami Mrs. L. D. Williams,
-. . i t it :n
:- '
cover.
The t'-andit boarded the train whon
it stopped on a siding. Thev marched
through two roaebesr firing through
the windows mi l into the ceiling. The
d Mrs. Williams we?c
wonnaert when thev sh;t into trie floor
of a day coach and compelled the pas
sengers rii 'liiibl on the seats. ,
Lrvkia? ilnc-r-s i tho coa'-h, the
.M,pr rushed the ciiliine and com-
)elr.rl the crew to dismou;.'-. They un -
t ounled the ,i,i! and express cars and
'ian them a mile from the siding,
"where thev the registered mail
Hen; tf their loot r.us undetermined.
-
1
General Pershing
Says Sixty-eig h t
In' Casualties
Five Killed In Action-Ten
Die of Wounds and Two
Others of Disease
Washington, July 11. General Per.
shing today reported 68 casualties di
viil'ju'as "ellu'fs:"' ,," y ' ' ""
Killed in action, 5; died of wounds;
10; died of disease, 2; died of accident
and other causes, 1; wounded severely
20;. wounded slightly, 1; missing .in ac
tion, 23.
Killed in action: '
Corporals W. 0. Gorncr, Harrisbuig,
Pcnn.
R. Haugh, Saul St. Morie, Mich.
Wagoner T. J. Brewer, Finley, Tenn.
Privates R- H. Lasser, Dorchester
Mass.
J. H. Socl, Gottysburj, Pa.
Bied of wounds:
Lieutenant Jouett . Fitch Singleton,
New York. '
Corporal C. R. Maler, East Patchogue,
N. Y.
Privates R. J. Carpenter, Freedom
Station, Ohio.
E. Cart,er, Seminole, Okla.
T. Cihocki, Jersey City, N. J.
D. Gorcister, Los Angeles, Cal.
G. K. Mackenzie, Concord, Mass.
T. Marallo, Italy.
T. F. Rhymes, Silsbee,' Texas
G. Stankus, Chicago.
Died of wounds:
Died of disease:
Cook E. W. Rupert, Saltsburg, Pa.
Private C. If. H'tchel, Los Angeles,
Cal.
Diod from accident asd other causes:
Private Frank Levine, Brooklyn, N.
Y.
Wounded severely!
Privates G. W. Barta, Big Fork, Mont
W. Legeres, Chicago.
II. L. Stvalton, Dns Moines, Iowa.
Correction: Tin following .previously
listed as wounded severely should m
listed as "missing in action":
Captain J. F. Williamson, Sebasto
pol, Cal.
RPLANE SCATTERS
FLOWERSFGR HERO
Follows Over Cortege That
Pays Respect to Memory .
of Former Mayor
New Yoik, July 11. The body of Ma
jor John Puiroy Mitehel, former mayor
of N."w York was borne to its grave
today ait lines of silent thousands stood
uneoveied along the ronte of the impres
sive prcession which escorted the bronzo
coffin.
Tho bell in the tower of tho city hall
sil.--nt since the memorable day whon
Mitehel, then chief executive of the
city, welcomed Marshal Joffre and Imb
party, tolled slowly as the parade
wound pat. The subway hummed under
neath, an aeroplane droned overhead
the scuff of marching feet sounded
sparrows twittered, but ther3 was no
1 sound irnm tne tnrong wnicn sioou on-
,-til the last man of that long procession
j hud pawed the coffin which rested on
.its block (jiin caisson at the entrance to
' (Continued on page twoj
STORY OF BATTLE IN
THE BALLEAU WOOD
OF YANK BATTALION
Regulations Imposed
Upon Newspapers by
War Industries Board
V
On account of the shortage
of materials the question of the
supply of paper is becoming
acute and the use of paper
must be economised to the i
.greatest jmssrble extent.
It is noeessary that' all
newspapers which publish a
'daily and weekly edition put I
..linn .'i;...;n... u. !
Mkies into effect July 13, 1918:
. Discontinue the acceptance
of the return of unsold copies
Di.i'oii'tiimie the use of all
samples or freo promotion cop-
ies-
Diacontiuuo jf'v'nS copies to
nybody except for office
workers or where required by
atatnte law in the ease of of-
fieial advertising.
Discontinue giving free cop-
ies to .advertisers, except not
more than one otty each for
checking -purposes.
Discontinue the arbitrary
forcing cf copies on news deal-
er (i. c., compelling them to
ilniy more copies than they can
JegS':nitely sell in ofuer to
hold certain territory.)
Discontinue the buying back
of papers at either wholesale-
or rotalil selling price from
dealers or agent, in order to
c'uro preferential represent-
tion. ''
Discontinue the payment of
selarios or conuulsion to
aigents, 'dealers, or newsboys
Ifor the purpose of securing the
equivalent of rotiuu privileges
Discontinue all free, exehnnge
THOMAS E. DONNELLY,
Chiof, Pulp and Paper 8e-
,tion. War Industries Board.
Farmer . Tried to Get
His Rival Drafted
Eugene, Or., July 11. Cupid tried
'to uso Mars as a tool iu a piece of un
derhanded Work, but lost out. The ap
peal board for the aocond Oregon dis
trict discovered the trick and set
thjings right.
It learned that a young farmer
whoso right to occupational exemption
had been questioned, had been work
ing continually on the fur,in and was
'entitled to exemption. It also learned
that the ono who questioned the classi
fication was the young tamer's rival
for the hand of a girl.
FEDERAL RESERVE BOARD
SAYS CONDITIONS GOOD
Crop Prospects Indicate That
War Demands for Food
. Will Be Fully Met
Washingtnn, July 11 Crop pros
pecilu throughout the nation indicate
Amui'ica this year will be ready to
meet the war deiniands for food with
out difficulty, according to the federnl
reserve board's monthly wnnnary of
business conditions issued here today.
Confidence iu the business situation
is marked in every Miction, tho sum
mary 'reports. The geuuial public has
apted without question tlie idea of
giving precedence to. government re
quirements, and government regulation
of cummodities and industries has aid
ed in cstahlihini au equiliVium which
now is almost nation wide, the state
ment says.
Tremendous -cmps in the miildlo west
have caused a lalhor shortage in that
region which threatens to become acute
Competitive bidding for the services
of common labor has brought condi
tions iaiiiong the land owners which so
far have failed of solution, according
to the suimmarry. Tho weather and
temperature so far, have been the f:ir
mors' allies in ham sting their great
crops, the wttttement adds.
General business conditions in fed
eral reserve rtiicts follow:
lioston Active with increase in for
eign ttadc and industries running at
capacity. ,
New York Unusual increase in gross
earnings tit practically every line of
trade and a wide admptiou of produc
tion of war essentials.
Philadelphia Extreme labor short
age in both city and county, handi
capping the completion of gigantic war
contracts as well as harvesting bump
er crops.
Cleveland Excellent rerop prospects
throughout the dirtst and busy in
dustries. Richmond, Va. Business generally
limited only by labor and supplies.
Atlanta Much labor leaving for
work in industries with resultant short-
a!i locally.
Chiiiago Industries having difficul
ty in running at capacity because of
How Their Line of One Thous
and Men Obey Orders to
Clear Wood
. The following is the second and con
cluding story by Lowell. Mellett, de
scribing the battle of Belleau wood and
the maneuvers preceding it. It is tht '
story of a battalion of American boys
one thousand men. Yesterday's story
concluded with the statement: "Thi
night of the eighth they were told they
were to attack in the morning."
By Lowell Mellett
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
With the Americans On the Marne.
June 23. (By Mail, passed by the cen
sor). They did so, moving down toward
Lucy and advancing on Belleau wood.
(Lucy is just west or the souther
point of Belleau wood now the Bois
Des Americans which extends about
mile and a half northward, nearly to
th.. village of Belleau).
They combed tho ravine in right of
the road as they went and collected 3B4
prisoners. The movement was made in
double wave, the first line In 'skirmish,
formation; tho second echeloned ia
squares carrying grenades, rifles and
automatic rifles. The skirmishers fired
from the hip, something new for the
Germans and they fired accurately, as
foiling bodies showed. Most of tha en
emy machine guns, however,-weie takea
in bayonet rushes. ,.
"The German machine gunners shot
like he'l till our bayonets wens elose
up." said one member of the battalion.
"Then 'kamorad' "I
Thirty five German infantrymen, on
tho other hund, surrendered to a pick
aud shovel gang of .fifteen men. , .
In tho afternoon the Germans start
ed shelling tho advancing Americana,
The latter 's preparatory barrage liad
proven ineffective and their position
was uiieomfortable. Reaching their de
signated 'objective they found the bat
talion with which they were expected
to connect on tho, right was not there.
This apparently was due to a fault In
the maps on which Hlw advance waa
ordered. To make tho position safe it
was necessary after extending tho line
on the right to occupy tho ground er
roneously shown by the map to be in
possession of other Americans to attack
again on the left.
. More prisoners and machine guns
wero taken in this attack. The battalion
was then ordered to withdraw on the
left, leaving the ground to be taken
care of by artillery. Next morning, how
ever, it wns found thnt the Germans
(Continued on page two)
tho wliileipf,eai.l demand for labor in
the district.
St- Louis Kxe.cllcnt crop condition
in thu dis ritt have contributed to tho
gord .business of industrial centers.
Minneapolis Increase in war pro
duction with' no h linkage in retai'
sales of any lines.
Kansas Oiity I ndimatfens of tho
largest crop in the hixtory of tho dis
trict. Dallas Marked increase in produc
tion of industrial lines in a season or
dinarily dull.
San IFranwiHcOu-Grain roips heavy
but fruit in some sections will show a
decrease.
Abe Martin
Mrs. Tintnn Bud's niece has postpon
ed her weddin till th' ""r's over as all
her friends have aireaciy given till it
smarts. What's. become o' th' poor waaa
earner"
Vx.Mriu? for
' -v- f
mi