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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (July 10, 1918)
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itorial Page of The Capital Journa
CHARLES H. FISHES
. Editor and Pnblkker
July 10, 191S
PUBLISHED EVEEI EVBNI.NQ EXCEPT SENDAT. SiXElf, OB.EQON, BI
Capital Journal Ptg. Co., Inc.
K B. BARNES.
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DOKA C. ANDRKSEN.
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THE DAILY CAPITAL JOURNAL
I tbe only newipapcr In Salem whoa circulation ia guaranteed by tb
Audit Bureau of Circulation.
GREATEST CROPS OF CEREALS
The wheat crop being now matured, and much of it al
ready harvested, the estimate sent out by the department
of agriculture Tuesday can be considered reliable. That
is there can nothing now happen that will materially
change the yield. The figures given out show a slight
falling off from the estimate of June, but a crop approach
ing 900,000,000 bushels. In round numbers there will be
about 250,000,000 bushels more wheat than in 1917. Of
this crop it is estimated winter wheat will produce 557,
000,000 or several million bushels above the ten year aver
age while spring wheat will yield ;':4,000,000 against a
five year average of 257,000,000 " bushels. The total is
about 80,000,000 bushels above the ten year average. This
is indeed encouraging news and on top of it the oat crop
is estimated at 1,4: 57,000,000, almost equal to the banner
year for all cereals, 1915. The barley crop is estimated
at 250,000,000 bushels, the largest previous yield being
237,000,000 in 1915. Rye is estimated to produce 81,600,
000 bushels against 49,190,000 the largest crop ever be
fore grown in America. As to corn, it is too early yet for
a dependable estimate, for it is a long time yet until it is
out of all danger. At the same time the yield is estimated
from the acreage and the per centagc of condition as com
pared to other years, and this gives the record yield even
surpassing that of 1915, the figures being 3,160,000,000
bushels, or 108,000,000 bushels above the banner crop.
It will be seen from this that we have of wheat about
324,000,000 bushels more than last year, of oats we have
1537,000,000 bushels in excess of 1917; of barley about
85,000,000 bushels and of rye more than 40,000,000 bushels.
Of wheats and its substitutes we have a grand total ex
cess of 786,000,000 bushels. . Should the corn crop prove
equal to the estimates there will be an excess over last
year of 440,000,000. This would give in all kinds of
cereals an increase over 1917, of 1,225,000,000 bushels or
nearly twelve bushels for "every person in the United
States. On top of this comes word from England that
more than 4,000,000 acres of new ground have been plant
ed and that that country will raise more than three-
fourths of her bread supply instead of "about one-fourth.
As compared to this showing of the granary of the
world it is stated the crops in Germany, Austria and Hun
gary are below normal. As a - comparison the world's
almanac gives the production of wheat in these countries
in 1915 as Germany 160,000,000,000 bushels, Hungary 152,
934,000 bushels and Austria 60,000,000. Bulgaria is cred
ited with 46,212,000 bushels. The grand total of wheat
for the central powers in 1915 was about 4:50,000,000
bushels, and the population to be fed about 121,000,000.
The allies with a population, "counting only France, Eng
land, Belgium, Italy and the United States, and not tak
ing into consideration India and other colonies , of 2:52,
000,000 and cereal crops of 5,826,000,000 with which to
feed them. Of course there are so-called "neutral na-
lions," which we have been feeding and which will con
tinue to draw on us, with populations aggregating 55,000,
000. But counting these it will be seen that the outlook
is cheerful from a foodstuff viewpoint. If armies march
on their stomachs those of the allies should travel several
round trips further than those of the central powers.
The American farmer has been no slacker, and deserves
all he is getting in the way of higher prices for his
products. , He has fought a splendid fight, and has won
his part of it. -
' It is the natural thing for every person who owns a dog
to believe the verv best do? Dossihle. Ex-Senator
Jonathan Bourne, who. is the founder of the'zone system in
the postal regulations, is finding fault with the postoffice
department, claiming it has broken down. To prove this
he cites the fact that the Western Union had been caught
carrying nigh messages on the trains instead of sending
:nem over tne wires as the company was paid for doing.
The ex-senator assumes that the government had been
sending messages over the wires at night that could as
well have been sent by mail. The fallacy of his argument
is snown Dy tne lacts ot the caseM It fas not the govern
ment that was sending the night messages, but private
parties. The company was not onlv violating the law.
but it was assisting in depriving the postal department of
revenues that properly belonged to it. Jonathan first ar
ranged his premises to suit himself and then proceeded to
argue the correctness of his conclusion from this false
t The Woman Who Changed
ISM GIRL BABIES
By JAXE PHELPS
' A SHORT TEIP WITH GEORGE
An Atlantic liner brought the news Monday of the sink
ing of the Norse steamship Augvald, June 23, while she
was making the voyage from a -French port to Baltimore.
wv.;i i t,i- j x . i i ,.
("iiie uie vessel ueiongea w a neutral nation ana was
manned by a Norwegian crew, the same ruthlessness that
has characterized the U-boat warfare was Dractieed.
The vessel was stopped by shell fire, the crew ordered to
the boats and the ship was then sunk by bombs. The cap
tain and eleven others got away in one boat, and this has
not since been heard from. The other boat with 14 of the
the crew drifted for two days and was then capsized and
was three ot the crew drowned. The others rie-hted the
boat and managed to bail it out, but lost all their water
and provisions. This is mentioned not as anything un
usual Dut to illustrate the tact that the Norsemen have
evidently forgotten how to fight. Time,was when they
were the greatest of warriors, but now they submit to
Deing KicKea about and bulteted by the kaiser and his
minions without a sign ot resentment.
Spain is beginning to be uneasy as to what history will
say of her and her course while the world battled the
Prussian beast for liberty and the freedom of all the peo
ples of the world. The Spaniard is getting wise to the
fact that he has underrated the United States aeain and
1 1 til il t -at ... . .
Degms to ieei tnat ne has allowed his prejudices to get
"i wiuiiK. ouam uas uune muai, ail.it COUld ana Still
maintain a semblance of neutrality, to help the central
powers, ana is only beginning to figure on the u timate re
sults. It is a little late in the dav to reform, hut the hesf.
thing our erstwhile enemy can do is to get in on the side
of the right, and kick the Hun out. He is a disturbing
element anywhere, is a friend on no one and a betraver of
J? -1 1 A. 1 1 1
jnena ana neutral aiiKe.
As evidence of German propaganda, the disclosures
made in New York today showing the Jcaiser had pur
chased the New York Evening Mail, are convincing. It
was one of our friend Bernstorff s plans, and he found
Americans who were willing,, for coin, to cover up the
transaction. However it is not the only paper belonging
to the kaiser in this country, and the only evidence neces
sary to prove this is the editorial page.
An illicit still making regular moonshine whiskey is
said to be located in the mountains near Marshfield.
Wonder if this is not a bit of clever advertising of that
section as a summer resort? -. :
. CHAPTER CXXVL
George had-to make a snort business
trip and asked me if I would like to go
along. I was well enough, and it would
be a change. I was delighted and ex
pressed myself go extravagantly, lie
laughed and said:
"Don't anticipate too mneh, then you
won't be disappointed," which was
very good advice, as things turned out.
It was duak whn we arrived in Chi
cago. We drove to a hotel, then, because
I was a little tired, George insisted that
we dine ia our room. We had scarcely
commenced our dinner when the tele
phone rang, and someone wanted George
to come down, stairs at once so he
"Go on with your dinner; it will get
cold if you do not. I will get. back as
quickly as I possibly can."
I said nothing, but I thought that if
he had had dinner down stairs ho could
have had whoever wanted to talk to him
come to the table with as. I had un
dressed and Blipped on a negligee, so
there wasn 't auv use thinking of going
down. Minutes passed. The dinner was
fast becoming cold when the telephone
rang. It was George.
"Eat your dinner and go to bed,
Helen. I shall not be up until late."
"But your dinner! Aren't you com
ing up tm eatf"
"No! I shall eat with some people I
know who are dining downstairs. Go
to bed soon," and I heard the click of
the receiver as he hung it up. It struck
me as so heartless, that sharp click.
A Sudden Impulse
I tried to eat a little more .but could-
n't. I drank my coffee, however, then
picked up an evening paper George
una lert on the table and tried to read
Tt was impossible I was too norvous
too anxious to know who these people
were, wun wnoin ueovge was dining.
THAN BOYS IN JUNE
Official . Birth Record fnr
Marion County Shows Total
of Only Eighteen
Drys Win Victory ' "
In Senate Today
A Vienna newspaper has guessed it the first trial. Iti
says : "President Wilson's latest formula is nothing more
than a renewed declaration of war nothing but a mailed
fist peace." 1
If all the organizers of war-work activities were put
at some real work it would relieve the labor situation very
materially. For instance a lot of husky grown persons
are engaged in organizing Portland" boys for work in the
berry fields and cherry orchards and they find that
orchardists where these young city hoodlums are sent
send out the s. o. s. call soon after their arrival. These
boys won t work and arc absolutely dangerous to have
around a place because of the liability of their destroying
property by fire or otherwise. But still big, strong men
and women go right along organizing such silly move
mentinstead of going out and picking cherries and
by Walt Mason
LADD & BUSH, Bankers
ALL THE THIRD LIBERTY BONDS ARE NOW
THOSE INTERESTED PLEASE CALL
AT THE BANK
THE TIRED HARVESTER
I went from town, on joyful feet, to help the
farmers harvest wheat. My breast was full
of loyal fire; I said,-"No man should paw a
lyre, or monkey with a fountain pen, when
farmers call for "working men. I'll show
these grangers which is which: they'll
marvel when the sheaves I pitch; they'll
wonaer now an urban pote can do such
stunts with wheat and oat." At sunrise,
men, i started in, to labor, with a cheerful
grin. 1 he farmers watched my trail of
smoke and smiled as though they saw some
joKe. ac a o'clock I'd lost some pep; I
moved along with dragging step ; my joints
began to groan and crack. I had ni stitfhoa i
At 9 o'clock my brain went bum; I yelled in wild delirium;
i uiougm mat l was on the rack, such shooting pains ran
up my back; I called on those around, in vain, to take an
ax and end my pain. At 10 o'clock I left the field, my head
on fire, my feet congealed. On hands and knees I crawled
away, and asked the farmer for my pay. "You guys from
town," he coldly said, "aren't worth your share of war-;
time bread. I want no more silk-shirted gents; here is
your pay, just sixty cents." ' 1
Suddenly, ' imt-j'se seized mo to
find out. I quickly dressfd, and, putting
on my uat, toon, the elevator and asked
tho boy the way to the dining room.
"Most peoplo are in the grill room
as late asNthis," ho volunteered.
I would look in the main dining room
first, then, if ho was not. there. I would
look in tho gTill. I made up mv mind
to say I had come down for a book, il
he should Bee mo. So I also asked where
could find the newsstand.
I folt a Httlo ashamed of mvsclf , spy
ing on Georgo when he uad been so nice
since my illness, as well as during it:
lmr he was niy- husband and I had a
right to know whom he was. with
I wandered slowly toward the main
rtimng room. There ware many people
in tne corridors, so i was not at all con
spicuous, especially as I had on a dark
suit and hat. I looked carelessly in the
floor, ihu big room was nearly empty
could sco that Goorgo was not there.
I turned and walked away, this time to
ward the grill. As I neared the room,
the laughter and talk let me know that
should not twd it as enitity as I had
found the other room. I was not sur
prised when I glanced in the doorway
to see tho Toom almost filkd with a
At first, I could see but a few seated
by the door. A largo party wore leaving,
aud hid the tables from my view. I mov
ed on down past tho door, and waited
until uwy came out. Then I walked back
again. iSo, I could see no one who look
ed at nil like Geovge. He must have fin
shed his dinner and gone out. How
wished I had nos undressed! Had I
not, I should have, been down much
soouJr and would probably have found
'An Unhappy Moment
I walked over to the news stand and
bought a book. Kow it was no excuse;
I really waited something to road
something to keep me from thinking
and worrying. It must l something im
portant that would make George leave
mo alone, the first night in a strange
hotel. I would try to be sensiblo and
I chated a moment with the girl at
tho stand. Bho recommended a book,
then smiled as I said I. wanted some
"I'm not a bit sleepy," I told her,
giau to taiK to someone, ana. sue was
such a nice looking girl. "I snail read
until my husband conies in. I think I
should like a detective story.
She found me several, and I looked
them over, finally deciding on one with
a very thrilling title. Then I bought a
box of chocolates and turned toward
Something, I don't know what, made
me hj.ntate, then retrace my steps to
tho Brill room. I would look in once
more before I went up stairs. I noticed
more people leaving; I would be botter
able to see th9 entire room.
Casually, I strolled along, holding my
book and box of chocolates where they
could easily be seen, and so give an ex
cuse for my being down stairs. Not be
cause of George; I did not expect to
see him, now, but becauso of the people
wandering in two and threes up and
down the corridor.
I looked in tho door of the grill just
as some people rose from a corner table.
It couldn't be yes it was! George,
Julia Collins, and two or three others
I didn't know.
(Tomorrow The flitter With the
There may be a tew people who be
lieve in the old saying that more boys
thaa girls are born during war times,
but they surely eannot prove it by the
records of Salem and close in territory
included in this health district.
Th.9 months of April and May disap
prove the theory and now the records of
June are complete, showing the birth
of twelve girls and only six boys. This
is according to the official records on
file in tha office of Dr. O. B. Miles.
These records are as follows:
June 1. Born to Mi-., and Mrs. Gole
Wilso Church, of 1157 South Church
street, a daughter. This is their first
born and she has been named Gail Ellis
June i. At their home, 485 South 23d
street, thero was born to Mr. and Mrs.
Robert C. Barfield, a son. He has been
named Robert H. Barfield. Mr. Barfield
is an electrician.
June 7. Born -to Mr. and Mrs. Mark
D. McAllister . of 1433 South Liberty
street, a son. He has been named Alan
June 10, The first three children
born during tho mouth were in Salem,
The fourth was born to Mr. and Mrs.
Ambrose B. Wheeler, living six miles I
north of the city. Ha has been nninedi
Bennett A: Wheeler. .
Juno 11. Born to Mr. and Mrs. Otto
Schoimon, a daughter. They live at 1095
South Fourteenth street.
Juno 11. To Mr. and Mrs. W. W.
Clark, of 2503 Fair Grounds rnnd. a
daughter. She has been named Corliss
Juno 11. Born to Mr. and Mrs. Peter
Shauppert, a daughter. They live threo
miles south of Satem. This is their first
born and she has been named I'earl.
Juno 13. To Mi. and Mrs. Thos. L.
Williams at the Salem hospital, a daugh
ter. Her name is Dorothy E. Williams
and this is their third child.
Juno 14.- Born, to Mr. aud Mrs. J. J.
Cook, a daughter. This is their first
child and she has been named Florence
Juno la. Born, to Mr. a.nd Mrs.
James Larsen, of 1595 Chcmeketa. a
.sun'. ina is imur miru. cuiiu.
June 10. To Mr. and Mrs! Guv B.
Eoland of Jefferson, a daughter. Sho
has been named Dorrig Caroline and she
is their first born.
Juno 16. On rural route 7, born to
ana airs. Daniel JB. Bartruff, a
AVashington, July 10. Drys
won a signal victory late today
when the senate by a vote of
36 to 33 reversed the ruling by
which the prohibition amend
ment to tlv food stimulation set
had been declared out of order.
This vote was taken as forecast
ing adoption of the amendment
by the senate.
Washington, July 10. Senator
Salisbury, president pro tem of
the senate today upheld Senator
Penrose's point of order and
ruled that the bone dry prohibi
tion amendment had no place in
the food stimulation bill. TMs
led to a lively discussion, whieh
will result in a vote by the sen
ate later to see whether or not
Salisbury's ruling shall be sus
tained. Washington, July 10. Prohi
bition cropped up again in the
senate today when the bone dry
clause in the food stimulation
bill was reached.
, Senator Penrose, Pennsylvania
who raised a point of order yes
terday against the amendment,
asked for a ruling by the chair.
Senator Jones, Washington,
author of an esj'ier dry amend
ment, thnn declared that Pen
rose 's point was not well taken
inasmuch as the present bill
could not properly be ealled an
"With all due respect to the
chair, I think the senate iself
should decide whether this is,
or is not, a .genera, appropria
tion bill," said Jones. j!rK!ie
had based his objection on the
contention that the bone dry
amendment was general legisla
tion attached to an appropria
daughter. This is their first bom and
sue nas Been naniea Anna G. Bartrui'f.
June 22. Born, to Mr. and Mrs.
Georgo V. Barnett of Sidney, a son. He
has been named Paul Verne Barnott.
June 22. To Mr. and Mrs. Kussell
MoCallistor of Pratum, a son. Ho has
been gained Robert Arthur McCallis
ter. He is their first baby.
Juno 23. Born to Mr. and Mrs. Wr. C.
Origg of 1404 Ferry street.' Salem, a
iiuugmor. one nas Deen named Theo.
Eugenia Grigg and is the fourth child.
Juno '3. Born to Mr. aud Mrs. Wll.
liain H. Snced of rural route 6. Salom.
June !o, To Mr. and Mrs. Andrew F.
Hanson of 21)4 South Sixteenth street,
Salem, a daughter. She is their second
child and has been named Rose Alice
Juno 20. Born to Mr. and Mrs. Ralph
C. fclhopard of Zena, in Polk county,
daughter. This is their seventh child.
Organization for Relief '
of Belgian Children
developing to an
JOURNAL WANT ADS PAY
mommy at the house of Mrs. R. P,
nauace the organization was perfect
ed of the Society for Hrlii.f ni
gian Children, the" inspiration for whieh
Was fouild in the stirrinir n.m.l f
Mrs. Vernon Kellogg at the Methodist
tnurcn. At that time it was decided
Salem should align with Portland and
the other coast cities in tho effort to
relieve tne Bufferings oT the hi In ran
or tne nation, to whom we owo
own present safety.
Tlnlixr : 3
uccasiuuea Dy a tying up
with California's work in this line, but
now this matter having been satis-
iactoriiy settled by which each city
receives credit for donations, it is the
purpose of the society to interest the
public in this crying need to furnisu
plain food to keep alive the children
mat tne Belgian nation may not die
nut A . n. , -i
i'i"tui hid oauy ration is
one meal a day, limited to soup eai
Portlnd has already forwarded
S.000 received in small" sums ot !,
boxes placed where attention is called
to the needs of the children. Im
agine your own children reduced to
sneh traits, and but for Belgium
might have been our fate. Coins no
matter how small will be thankfully
received. Surely we all can spare a
few cents a week for this most worthy
Officers Mrs. AVm. P. Lord, pres
ident; Mrs. Alice H. Dcdd, vice pres-
nu-iii; jirs. jonn Aioert, secretary;
Mrs.' C. S. Hamilton, treasurer; Mr,
Board cf Directors Mrs. R. L. Wal
lace, Mrs. Robert Hendricks, Mrs.
George Pearce, Mrs. C. P. Bishon. Mrs.
Herbert Nivens, .M rs. Dr. Cartwright,
Miss FaDie Bush, Mrs. Irving Griffith.
Mrs. William Kirk, Mrs. Daniel Fry.
Mrs. Rev. B. NV Aviaon, Mrs. Eev
Committee on Patriotic Advertise-ments-Mrs.
F. L. Stewart, Mrs. Geo.
Pearce, Mrs. Chauncey Bishop.
Directly after the vote, Senator Pha
lan, California, moved that wine b
eliminarted from the provisions of the
amendment. Phelan said California
grape growers would lose 14,000,000 oa
this year's crop should tho amendment
"There is no question at all but that
this is confiscation of tlw crop opoa
the vines,", said Phelan.
Phelan said 85 per cent of tho win
of the country was manufactured in Cal
ifornia. Ho read a telegram from Cali
fornia wine growers who meet in Sae
ramento tomorrow, protecting against
jcgisiauun. " -
"I am personally Jhtorcstod in sayj
ing the wine industry and I am also ia
favor of eliminating beer from the pro
vision of the amendment," said Senr
"Wine and beer are suffering from
their companionship with whiskojr,
which I believe should not be manufac
tured or sold."
Senator Norris, author of the acend-i
cent, asked Phelan if he would be will
ing to support the amendment with win
eliminated from the provision. Phelan,
before answering the question, he said,
would want tho assurance that the om
mittee was willing' to accept his sue
The senate adjourned before any vot
was taken on Phelan 's amendment.
Open Forum I
Editor Journal: I was at a metting
this morning 0nd there "were four far
mers Presllt. ibpaillo n,valH ...v.- .
- , ..... wun, nam
io go on record in voicing our approv
al ot the a ntn In ii n In ai !. 1.4-' i
Us Marion County the (inntfl -
name over a dozen who will A ti i-
their power 'to elect a democratic gov
ernor if we can have a highway com- '
mission board that will give Marioa
county a square deal. Can you not
siuoko out who is to blame?
A ROAD BOOSTEB.
Finns Are Told
To Oust Germans
Stockholm, July 10 General
Mannerhcim, military command
er in Finland, visited American
Minister Morris here and asked
that the allied countries send
food into- Finland.
Morris replied that the allies
would gladly do this but not
until German influence and Ger
man troops had been removed.
GERMANS KILL GIRLS.
The Hague, July 10. Fifty
four girl workers were killed
when German airmen made an
afternoon raid on an ambulance
station at Lapanne, Belgium, ae
cording to a dispatch from
Flushing today. More than fifty
bombs were dropped.
Lapanne is on the North sea
coast about seven miles back of
the allied lines.
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