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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (July 4, 1918)
(AOOO READERS) DAILY
Only Circulation la Salem Guar
anteed by th Audit Bnma of
. FULL LEASED WIRE
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY NEWS SEE V ll'tf :
' d Thursday
wesUrl y winds.
FORTY-FLSST YEAR- NO. 156
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, JULY 4, 1918
PRlbE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND NEWS
STANDS FIVE CENTS
COrVE Q.VJ A
nft 0 4 11 f
French Troops Smash Ger
mans Between Oiseand
PRISONERS ARE TAKEN
Town of Hamel Falls Into
British Hands During To
By William Philip Binuni
(United Press staff correspondent)
With (the Britten Armies in France
July 4 The allied at.tak-k Wly today
was supported1 by a number of tanks.
A this cable is filed the attacking
forces have attained .U their object
ives in a region of Morlancourt on a
front of . 1200 yards. They have ad
vanced to a depth of 400 yard8 and
have eent back 450-prisoners.
Capture Vaire. Wood .
Tjondon, July 4. The British have
captured Vaire wood, it wag. learned
authoritatively today. - - "
Viaire wood. iia located fcbout one
mile sou till of Hamel, the capture of
whiich, by the British, was announced
by Field Marsha! Haig 's ofificinl state
ment earlier in the day. -
' ' French Win Big Victory
Paris, July 4. French forces, smash
ing forward gain between the Oise
nurt the Aisne in two attacks yesterday
evening, advanced about mile on a
three mile front, tailing 1006 prison
er, the 'Preach war office announced
"Between the Oise and the Aisne toward-
7:30 p. m. our troops attacked
the Gemnan lines west of Autrechs
(ten miles northwest of Soifsons) on
a frant of two kilomotors (one and a
quarter miles) and advanced their 'po
sitions eight hundred meters (nearly
lia'f a mile.)
"in the evening a new attack be
tween Autrechcs and Moulin Sous-Tou-veirt
(three miles west and north of
Autreches) was launched just at the
time the OenmAne were about to at
tack. This renwlted inn gain of ground
on a total front pf five kilomotors
(more than thiee miles),) which reakh
d a depth of 1200 meters (about a
mile) at certain points.
"We took 1 00! prisoners, including
,; North, of Montdidier, between
Montdlidier and the Oire, and along the
right bank of tho Mouse, prisoners
were taken in French raid."
British Gain Objective
, liondon, July 4. Attacking on a
front of nearly four miles, between
(Continued on page two)
TAIIING i SO ER
PRESIDENT WILSON SPEAKS
AT WASHINGTON'S TOMB
Allied War Aims Defined As
Reign of Law With Consent
of the Governed
B. Robert J. Bender ,
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Mount Vernon, Va., July 4. While
th,? allied nations joined today in sol
eum observance of America's indepen
dence day, President Wilson flashed a
message to the world to carry on its
"revolt" for freedom.
Before a notabb international gath
eriag at the tomb of Washington here,
the president spoke "proudly and with
confident hope" for the liberation of
nations afflicted by the "blinded rul
ers of Prussia."
There can be "no compromise or half
way decision," he declared. "Tho set
tleuienr must be final."
lie defined the ends to which, not
America alone, but "the associated
tropica of the world" are fighting and
declared for a knockout of "every pow
cr anywhere that can of its single choiel
disturb the peace of the world."
BRITISH DRIVE AHEAD
More Than Two Millions
Before End of Year
By Carl D. Groat .
(United Press correspondent)
Washington, July 4. More
than 2,000,000 men win be in
France before the first of the
year, if present war depart-
auent hope bre realized.
Secretary of War Baker
makes no prediction lost un-
foreseen difficulties disappoint
the nation. Bat other depart-
nvent officials said today they
.could see no reason at present
why the 2,000,000 figure should
not be exceeded perhaps to the
extent of 675,000 r more.
Officials said today they
would not be surprised if the
2,750,000 mark were attained.
Much Activity Along Amer
ican Sectors of Front
During Past Week
Washington, July 4. '.'Northwest of
Chateau-Thierry there has been Intense
artillery action ou both aides," General
Parshing reported under date of July
. ."la the Vosges, three raiding parties
which attempted to reach our lines were
repulsed, and suffered severely from
our fire," he added.
"Section B Northwest of Chateau
Thierry the day of June 30 to July 1
was occupied by our troops mainly in
preparation for the attack made dur
ing the evening of July 1 on Vaux.
The preparation consisted in continu
on and heavy harassing fire from our
batteries commencing at five o'clock
in the morning. The German artillery,
on the other hand, was somewhat less
Cictive than on the prfleedmg day. Its
operations took nhe form of harassing
and registration fire, which fell main
ly on the Marette wood, Le Thiolet, La
Croisostia, Bourbelin, tho Paris road,
TriangJe farm, La Cense tarm, tho
Belloau wood, Boureschcs and La Voie
Du Chatel. Shortly after five o'clock
in the afternoon the enemy's fire on
Meuneaux, Hill 204, our lines of Bel
leau wood and our positions in the vi
cinity of Bouresches became heavy.
Tho German (infantry increased its ma
chine gun, rifle and, grenade fire, es
pecially from the region of Hill 204
and Vaux. Otherwise thero was no un;
msual activity until aftctr the com
mencemrat of our p.ttack, when the
circulation of troops and vehicles in
the German roar areas greatly in
creased. "Of the numerous prisoners taken
in and around Vaux. July 1 to July 2,
one igave especially interesting infor
mation regarding the German counter
attalck. The main points of this story
were as follows:
"At 4:30 o'clock on the afternoon
of July 1 bi bati'alion, while drilling
(Continued on page six)
The occasion of the president's ad
dress jvrs uuifiue. It cam; as the climax
of a pilgrimage of many nationalities to
this place, where the spirit of America
organized its rebellion against thos?
who sought to oppress her in Washing-,
" 1 stand here now," the president
said, "to speak of the spread of this
revolt, this liberation, to the great stage
of the world itself. The blinded rulers
of Prussia have roused forces which
can nevef be crushed to earth again;
for they have at their heart an inspir
ation and a. purpose which are deathless
and of the very stuff of triumph."
Whi1." this and other portions of the
ad'j-.ess were aimed at Russia and na-
;ti(in suffering similarly under the Ger
fmpii voke, the president made no defin
ite biaiement regarding me nature or
al'ied aid for Russia. This was done at
tin: suggestion of the allied nations, who,
pending decisions by the inter allied war
ccincil, believed it unwitv? to set forth
now r plan to which all would be eom-Hi.Ued.
(Continued on page three)
Nine Killed In
Action In France
Six Americans Die of Wounds
and Twenty -Six Are
Washington, July 4. General Per
shing today repoitd fifty two casual
ties, divided as follow:
Killed in action 9; died of wounds
6; died of disease 6; died of accident
and other causes 3; severely wounded
26; missing in action 2; prisoners 1.
Killed In Action
. Lieutenants R. Jackson, Colorado
. H Cooper, Riverside, 111.
IT. Smith, Nyack, N. Y.
Private A. Bridgenhagen, Sturgeon
Bay, Wis. .
A. H. Bunce, Ashton, S. D.
C. J. Houston. Philadelphia, Pa.
F. L." Strong, Hurt, Mich.
C. R. Sullivan, ButteMont.- '
T. R, West, Otiver Springs, Tenn.
Died of Wounds
Privates B. Delbeato, Pachino, Italy
.. P. Rogers, Ireland
J. Sanuuartinc, Brooklyn, N. Y,
A. Tondtti, Millsiboro, Pa.
V. E. Weaver, Fort Wayne, Ind.
E. R. Williams, Yoder, Kan.
Died of Disease .
Wagoner T. H. Slston, Oswego, Or.
Privates A.- J. Bcvilacqua, Colfax,
C..S. Carpenter, Littleton, N. H.
' B. C. Howal, Nelsonville, Ohio
H. O'Neal, Columbus, Ga., '
Died of Accident and Other Cause
Privates G. Ashe, in ew, York
T. L. Braaflat, Plaza, JT.-D. . .
A. Brown, New York .,
Severely Wounded Included
Private T. M. Knight, Kimberly,
DOES GREAT WORK
IN WORLD'S WAR
General Biddle Tells London
ers How United States Is
. Helping to Win
London, July 4. American naval
forces, comprising 250 vessels and
43,000 men, are now in European wat
ers, operating in all areas from the
White Sea to the Adriatic, Admiral
Sims declared today in a speech at the
Anglo-American fellowship meeting.
General Biddle. who also spoke, de-1
clared that "we have ten million just
like the soldiers marching today in var
ious British cities who can be brought
over when needed.''
"We now have in European waters
about 250 vessels, 3,000 officers and
40,000 men, serving in all areas from
the White Sea to the Adriatic," Kin
said. "During the coming year three times
the present number of destroyers will
be fighting with the allies. More than
150 submarine chasers soon will be in
the war zone. Half of them are here
"Tin submarine campaign has been
met by tho allies sinking submarines
faster than they can be built and build
ing merchant ships faster than they
can be sunk. The submarine warfare
undoubtedly .will be continued to the
end, but it cannot win the war.
"Tho significance of this is that it
surely touches all the hearts in America
today and henceforth its observance
will commemorate not only our' inde
pendence, but the emancipation of all
English speaking peoples from all that
is tending to keep them from a real
knowledge and understanding of each
Biddle said in part:
"Our soldiers are now stationed all
over England and Scotland. Some of
them arc staying only a few days, while
others take several month training.
Everywhere they have found the same
friendliness and gonerosityy. Cities,
ASSGcifltion-a and inilivMnnlft rival ench
other to do their best for the Amer
icans. Hospitals, beautiful homes and
parks have been put at our disposal.
All of us feel deeply today's country
''We have ten million men just like
the soldiers niarchilig today in various
'British cities, who can well be brought
, over when needed.
"America is in the war to stay and
to fight to the finish for democracy.''
The bishop of London opened the fel-
(Continued on page six)
leledo, Oregon, Will
Get Big Spruce M
Toledo, Or., July 4. Toledo is to haw
a big government mill. For some days
past officers of 6rpuce Division have
been looking over Toledo with a view
to the location of a .large mill to saw
spruce. A satisfactory conclusion has
now beta reached, and preliminary work
n barracks to house a large number
of soldier mill-workers has already be
gun on the Petersoni Ball 65-trre tract
across the slough from Toledo.
The city has made, arrangements to
supply tho water from Mill Creek thru
a 12-iuuh main, The mill to be construct
ed will cost close to $500,000 and will
be-equipped with two 12-inch band saws
and tho capacity will be 400,000 feet for
each 24 hours. ,
It is estimated that 400 men will be
needed to operate the mill. It is also un
derstood that three shifts will be used
of eight hours eatfh. The mill will be
rushed to completion. r-
Mutiny In Prague
Geneva, July 4. Several regiments of
Austro-Hungarian. soldiers quartered in
Prague and Gratz mutinied when their
bread ration was eliminated, according
to the Prague Tagcblatt.
The mutineers anouneed they had
cartridges to shoot their officers, where
upon the bread ration was re-established
and tho revolt ended.
The spirit of mutiny, due to the food
shortage, is spreading throughout the
oountry, ewm. affecting tho troops on
the Italian front, the newspaper said.
YANKEES REPULSE i
HURTLE RAID TODAY
IN VOSGES SECTOR
American Artillery Again
Demonstrates Its Suprem-:
With the American Armies In. France.
July 3. (Night). A hostile raid in an
American sector in the Vosges moun
tains was repulsed by machine gun and
automatic rifles early this morning.
There was increased artillery activ
ity in tho Toul sector.
By Lowell Mellott
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
With the American Ou the Maine
July 3. (Night ) .-n-American artillery
today continued to duiuonstrate Its com.
plete control of the situation on tho new
front, w'?st ' Chateau-Thierry.
Once or twice the German guns open
ed up, suggesting another counter at
tack, but the air was soon seething
and moaning with ; American shells,
smothering the enemy fire, and no in
fantry demonstrations resulted. '
Tho Americans are steadily strength
ening their new positions. I found them
in the midst of the wreckage of Vaux,
which is a perfect monument to the ef
ficiency of American artillery fire. Not
a single building escaped. Not a sec
ond storv remains. Whole blocks were
I met Lieutenant H, A. Mongray of
LaPorte, Ind., who is credited with cap
turing the first five Germans in Vaux.
"When the barrage ended wo rushed
in," he said. "Five boches climbed out
of a hole. Thev and I veiled 'handshoe'
(hands up) simultaneously. I guess I
yelled the loudest and they put thciri)
up. That s all there was to it."
Nine German airmen started over lasj
night to avenge the defeat early this
morning of another squadron. Four
(Continued on page six)
Kothin' makes you hate th' kaiser
like stopin' over an' plantin' a row o'
radishes. "Why girls leave home," used
t' be th' question, but WD3r Rir' love
good jobs is what we can't git thro'
MANY SHIPS LAUNCHED
DAY OF INDEPENDENCE
REPORT OF COUNCIL
When Inter-AlEed finings
Are Received Will Issue
-Washington, July 4. : The recom
mendations of -the inter aflded supreme
war council will largely govern Presi
dent Wilson' future courss toward
Russia, according to authoritative in
formation hero jtoday.
Tho council ' report, if not already
here, is expected momentarily.
.It is known the. council believes in
immediate tuition, though along what
line win only be conjectured.
These fact developed from high, r
K&bte sources today and in the wake
of Ridings . that the Czecho slovaks
have absolute control of 'Vladivostok.
President Wilson, is preparing to
make a statement soon on. the whole
A outlined today, the iprobabiKties
are that the allied representatives will
recommfiidj. JnuneJi4 military Jcco
namte and financial assistance to the
Btrugg'ing Russian fighting to shake
off bolshevik-German rule.
Some Authorities believed the Unit
ed States will give financial and other
material add to, ithe CWho-Slovaks in
Vladivostok and thus assist all loyal
Russian faction to ralljr to their stand
ard ' "
"The Cioeho-S'ovakjg are making won
derful jirogres. l.Tliey hold Vladivo
stok at the east and tie Siberian rail
way at the east end..
This was accomplished by a pitched
batlo Sunday and Monday wherein the
Slavs! deicifeivcfly dufeatted the Ted
guards, estimated to nniWber 8000.
Huge stores of .'munitions and war
material" fell into 'their hands. The
Czechoslovaks are reported1 in diplomatic-
oaiblos today to have lost only
a handful of men, while the bolshevik
losses were exceedingly- heavy,
The larger pari! cf tho red. guards
(Continued on page aix.)
PRUNE PRICES ARE
AGREED UPON BY
AYER AND GROWERS
Price Will Range Down From
11 7-8c For 30-35 Grade
to Four Cents
Portland, Or., July 4. After a two
day conference with Federal Food Ad
ministrator Ayre, during which all con
I ditions affecting the prune-growing in
dustry of the northwest were fully con
sidered the committed of representa
tive growers selected to determine tho
maximum selling prices to bo voluntar
ily adopted by the growers last night
announced the new scltedulc, under
which the 3918 prune crop will le sold
throughout Oregon and Washington.
E. N. Richmond, special representa
tive appointed by the Food Adminis
tration at Washington, D. C, to assist
: tho ptunc-growers of. tho Pacific coast
states in adopting a uniform scale of
selling prices that would bo fair to all
phases of the industry and at the same
time satisfactory to the food administra
tion, presided, with Assistant Federal
Food Administrator Newell throughout
California Prunes Higher
"Tho schedule agreed upon by the
Oregon and Washington growers," said
Mr. Richmond, "are from one-fourth
to three-eights of a cent lower, accord
ing to grade, than those adopted by
the California growers. This difference
is due to the fact that the California
prune absorbs a much greater quantity
of moisture in the process of packing
than does tho prune of Northwest sec-1
tions, this moisture content adding sub
stnutialy to the weight of tho prunes af-J
ter they reach the packer and before
they are passed on to the consumer. As
the packer sells the prune: by weight
it will bo seep, that the Oregon and
Washington packers who handle prunes
that do not absorb so much moisture
would be at a disadvantage if they had
to pay as high a figure for their fruit
as does the California packer. For this
reason tho lower price was adopted in
the northwest. Oregon and Washington
(Continued on pag5 two)
Morning Paper Is
Not War Necessity
Los Angeles, Cal., July 4.
Holding the morning paper is
not a necessity id war time, the
Morning Tribune today annouh-
ees its suspension for the length
of tlio war at least. The Express-
Tribune company-will center its
efforts in the Evening Express
and Sunday morning edition of
the Express-Tribune on the
theory that the average Ameri-
can family ho longer has time
nor money for two papers, a
day, and that the paper that
serves them best is printed in
FACE OF ENEMY
Allies of AD Nations Join
to Honor of United States
On French Soil,
By William Phillip Sinuns '
(United Press Staff Corrosposdont)
With the British Armies in France
July '4. On the eve of the . posibility
of the biggest battle of the war, with
the emnious rumble of guns tuning up
for IImdehburg",s next drive against the '
defenders of democracy, British,- French
and Belgians united with the Americans j
todey in celebration of the nWst fate
ful Fourth of July -since the United
States was born.
Opposite, the kaiser's ever-growing
rescivos have been resting for weeks
while Hindonburg and Ludendorff are
preparing to strike.
1'risoHers declare the general opinion
of fhe German troops is that the ntrxt
blow will end the war,
rourth of July ceremonies were sched
uled throughout the British war zone.
The Belgians havo arranged a fine pro
By Frank J. Taylor . . "
.(United Press Staff Correspondent)
With the American Armies in France,
July 4. The whole American expedi
tionary forco celebrated the Fourth to
day. 'i'l, l,,,,,u ! tl.a tr,.,.l,,ia in D.l.llC.n
to getting extra rations, turned loose I
some genuino fireworks against the Ger-1
man back areas.
Athletic, meets and entertainments'
wore held in numerous villages behindi
The Americans are holding almost!
(deleted) miles of the west front andj
are keeping strong reserves in the roar,
ready for any emergency.
Haig Sends Message.
London, July 4. Field Marshal Haig
toduy sent Oic following letter to Gen
eral Pershing containing tho British
army's greetings, in observance of Am-
(Continued on pago six.)
Mrs. Charles L. McNary
Is Victim of Auto Wreck
Wife of Junior Senator and
- Prominent Salem Woman
Meets Instant Death
Mrs. Charles McNary . of this city,
wife of 'Senator McNary, was instantly
killed about 8 o'clock last evening this
side of Dundee when the car in which
she was tiding was overturned, Othef
occupants of the car, Mr. and Mrs. R.
P. Boise and Dr. and Mrs. Frank
Rnedecor were slightly injured.
The accident occurred at the bottom
of a fill on what Is known as the Hess
creek fill this side of Dundee on a
sharp turn in the roal. The Boise car
was coming from Portland and just as
it started down the grade another-car
was seen coming rapidlv from the op
posite side of tho fill. Mr. Boise
turned his car close to the side of the
road as the oncoming car seemed to
have given but little of the Tight of
After traveling close to the edge of
the road to about the bottom of the
OF COAST YARDS
San Francisco Bav Launches
IN PORTLAND MANY
VESSELS LEAVE WAYS
Seattle Launches Four Big
Steel Sjips and Three
sjc s(t )(t )c sfc )(t jfc if J(( ijt
FIVE NEW SHIPBUILDING
BY PACIFIC COAST
Eight destroyer launched at
15 minute Interval at Bethle
hem Union olnnb. f-'an Francisco
five keels laid simultaneous- -
ly alt Moore Shipbuilding plant
Four steoi steamers launch-
ed 'unnlitaneouly( at Alameda.
The Defiance, ' 11,800 ton,
launched' at Alameda forty four
days after her keel was laid
a record! for vcesel of this size
Tho igreatcst total tonnago
ever launched in one day (in
any shipbuilding oummunity
took the water in San Franci
icio bny today S9,700 ton of
Now York, July 4. TwcTve ehip
were s'id into the water from eastern
shipyards today in tho Independence
Tho Submarine Boat Corporation
contributed three of thce; the Stand
ard Shipping Corporation, Shooters Is
land, N. Y., onei tho Texas company.
Baith. Me., one) urarap ana nons, rn
a.iolphia, one; Pennsylvania Shipbuild
ing company. Glouctetcr, V., two;
New York Shipbuilding 'Corporation,
Camden, N. J., one; Bethlehem Ship
building fioi'poiiai'ioii, ' Wilmington,
Del-, one; Ptisev and Jones, Wilming
ton, one. and the Baltimore Drydock
ami Shipbuilding company, one.
(if hi fleet, the larirost was turned
out !by tho Pennsylvania .Shipbuilding
emii-pany at. Gloucester, Pft., a 12,000
ton cargo carrier, which was named
tho Indianapolis. All of the vessels ar
cargo carriers, wiith the exception of
two, ono of which will be n'd M
transport and the other a a tanker.
(Continued on page three)
fill, the Boise car seemed to strike
sonic loo ie gravel and sand and skidded
off the read into the side of the fill,
partially overturning, being partially
supiorred by some alder trees.
The fill between the hills where the
accident occurred is about 20 feet high
and it was only the alder trees that pre
vented the car from toeing entirely
overturnod, seriously injuring all tho
occupants. Mr. Boise was thrown al
most clear of the car, his right leg be
ing pinned under the car aunougu no
managed to extricate himself.
In the force of the fall, Mrs. Mc
Nary, Mrs. Knedecor and Mrs. Bdise,
who were all in the back seat, wero
thrown to the floor of the car and un
der the front seat. Mrs. Boise had held
to the bows of the car and sustained
but sligit injury over the eye. Mrs.
8nedocor's shoulder was slightly In
jured and she suffered from inhaling
gas. Dr. Snedeeor, who was on tho
front teat with Mr. Boise suffered
anvora iniiirv Of the lfr.
Mrs. McNary was sitting between
(Continued on page ix).