TODAP 4,600 SUBSCRIBERS (A(K)3 EEADESS) DAILY Only Circulation in Salem Guar anteed by the Audit Bureau oi Circulations FULL LEASED WIRE DISPATCHES SPECIAL WILLAMETTE YAL LET NEWS BEEVICE rlNt 7 Oregon: Tonight and Thursday fair, moderate westi'rl ywinds. FORTY-FISST YEAR NO. 15a SALEir, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, JULY 3, 1918 PRICE TWO CENTS OIT TRAINS AND KEWS STANDS FIVE CENTS YANKS SI TAKING MORE GER FIERCE BARRACE ISOlflTtD FORCE SB4TT0 ATTACK Entire German Column Was AnnMatcd by Yankee Defenders SIXTY MACHINE GUNS TAKEN IN OPERATION American Aviators Defeat German Airplane Offensive Cbateau-Thisrry By Lowell Mellett (United Press Staff Correspondent) With the Americans on the Marno July 3. (Evening). The American? utterly demolished an attempted coun ter attack on their new positions west of Chateau-Thierry this morning taking 97 additional prisoners. Our artillery laid down a terrific bar rage that entirely cut off the attack ing force, while tit? American machine gun and rifle fire annihilated them. A number of light machine guns were captured in this fighting, raising xne torai tasen since last night to more than sixty. Final clieckine ud of the boche prisoners taken in last night's and today's operations is expected to now more than ouu. Last night's advance progressed far ther at some points man was first re ported. It is now "stablished that the minimum penetration was about a kilo . meter and a half, or nearly a mile. While the German counter attack was under way this morning, eight Ameri can flyers attacked nine boche direct ly above the scene of last night's bat tle. The fight lasted 35 minutes. Two Germans, from a height" of 13,000 feet, dove through an American patrol hoping to draw th,e latter down into an anibusoade. The Americans saw the trap mid attacked in battle formation- at WHO!) feet. A free for all resulted in which four boche planes were sent spinning. The French later reported these were destroyed. John MeArthur of Buffalo is cred ited with two of the enemy victims; wiiiU Albert Grant of Denton, Texas, (Continued on page six) AMERICANS NOT READY POR OFFENSIVE CAMPAIGN General Foch Mil Probably Continue to Hold Pershing's Men In Reserve By J. W. T. Mason (United Press War Expert) New York, July 3. The arrival of America's first million troops in Franoj noes not mean the time has come when America's major offensive should begiu. 0!d Indian War Claims May FinaDy Be Settled Washington, July 3. After more than a quarter of a century of litiga tion" the present session of the court of claims will see the passing of the last of the "claims of property of cit izens of the United States taken or destroyed by the Indians without just cause or iprovoeation," Assistant At torney General Hasten Thompson an nounced today. A total of more than 10.000 claims were filed "under the Indian depreda tion act passed on March 31, 1891, to talling nearly $44,000,000. More than 6,iOO,000 have been awarded these claimants which' came from" every state west of the Mississippi and many states east of that line. The largest Jaim was $1,381,230 and was filed by Charles I). Poston, a prominent figure in the early history of Arizona. His Losses were at the hands of toe Apache Indians. - . Every Iidian .war is recorded in the f i es of these ases from that with Te cumseh in 1813 to that with Sitting Bull in 190-91. SH m 3ce To Observe .5 America's Great Day By Andre Tardeau .Commissioner of Franco-Am- erican iMstinnslrp) sf. C. (Written for United Press) j? fans, July 3. The first rfWrth of July to bo celebrat- if ed by the French as a nation- al holiday will be observed to- morrow-. Both chambers de- ' icided in perfect agreement ' with the government to thus manifest the unanimous senti- ! ment of the French people. ' When I returned from the ' United States, I endeavored to make my compatriots under- stand the extension of the Am- p ' erican effort and the power of ' the idea antimating your great ' democracy. I am glad to tell you that Franc appreciates fully tho value of American ' cooperation, which is previous in its comforts and most effi- ' cacious in its encouragements to pursue the fight to victory. AH that is American arouses ,tho pUblio interest. Your sol- ' diers have acquired among all " classes a cordial popularity. It is sufficient in. a meeting ' merely to ipronounce the name "Wilson" to arouse the most ft enthusiastic aipplause. Bo assured that on the Fourth of July the heart of France will beat more than ever in ' unison with the heart of Am- ' erica. sjc ' JMI FOR LO! Army and Navy Will Play Baseball On Famous Chel sea Football Field London, July 3. American baseball players who will take part in the army-navy baseball game here tomor row have a regular old fashioned Fourth of July celebration planned for them. The men will have lunch at the Sa voy and then will drive to Chelsea field, the famous football field, tin four-in-hand tallyho coaches. As for the baseball game, the bet ting favorsi the army on the fact that the team has not .yet met defeat and has won eight games. The navy has won three and lost four. The army team is leading the league and the navy team i in fifth place. Herb Pennock, who started his base- (Continued on page two) It is highly improbable that General Foch will use the Americans in an ex tended offensive this summer. A sud den emergency may arise, making such a course imperative, but under normal conditions, another million Americans ought to bo in France before the su preme effort is made to inflict mililary defeat on the Hohenzollerns. General Fpch has demonstrated this year that he has the supreme quality of patience, although he well knows that the allies must apply the offensive weapon to win the war. But there will be no false start so long as General Foch can carry out his own plans, nor will an effort be made to break the Ger man war machine with an inadequate supply of men. Of the million American troops in France, approximately 630,000 are ac tual fighters. Of these active combat ants more than 400,000 have reached France since the beginning of Von Hin- denburg's offensive on March 21. That means the British and French casualties in the spring offensive have much more than b.oen made good. General Foch, therefore, in all prob ability has superiority in man power over Von Hindenburg. The superiority however, i not yet sufficient to insure that quality of supreme pressute which the allies must be prepared to maintain once the American offensive starts. General Foch is developing his major strategy with profound skill. This sum mer it is for Hindenburg to attempt to win if lie can, and thereby deplete the German reserves. About the best thine iho ffn-prnment 0 p. - - -- can do-now is to put Garabed to bed and lorget about ATTACKS AN HERS BUSH BEATEN H General Haig's Forces Have Been Driven Back From Ride Into Old Line AUSTRIAN LOSS HEAVY IN RECENT FIGHTING Below and Mackensen, Fam ous German Generals, Re ported to be In Italy By William Philip Simms (.United Press staff correspondent) With the British Armies in France July 3. Aa a result of the Germans retaking the ridge northwest of Albert last night, tho British are now back along their old front line, established when the enemy drive was stopped here last spring. Apparently the Germans considered tho British positions over-menacing to Albert and Aveluy wood and determin ed to .take it at any price. This was the fourth attempt 4hey .had made since the Bntuth suce.es in . the same region ifunday night. -r- - Austrian Losses Heavy y With the Italian Armies in ? the Field, July 3. Tho previous estimates of 1500 Austrians killed in tho recent mountain fighting is now considerably increased. It is known that two enemy regiments, one of which was entirely fresh, wore entirely wiped out, all of their members feeing killed or captur ed. Cezch-S'.ovak units, in hand to hand fighting, killed an Austrian colonel and his entire staff. From prisoners and captured' docu ments it is learned that the support from Austrian artillery was very poor. The attacking party numbered less than the enemy prisoners captured. Port of Naples Enlarged Rome, July 3. A government decree authorizes enlargement of the Port of Naples, including construction of a canal from Baiae to connect Lake La- vernus with the sea, transforming the lake into the largest drydock on the Mediterranean. Baiae, a 'favorite watoring place of tho old Romans, lies ten miles wes of Xaples. Lake Lavernus which is situ ated a short distance from the bay of Naples, was regarded by the ancients as the entrance to tho infernal re gions, Ibecaiiise of its forbidding aspect and gloomy surroundings. Below and Mackensen Home, July 3. Field Marshal Mack ensen and General Below, who led the German Austrian offensive last au tumn, are reported in a Berne dispatch today to have gone to Austria. Von 'Below is generally credited with hav ing been mads commander in chief of the Austrian armies on the Italian front- . . All On Board Save One ' Boat Load Perished London. July 3. All of those on board the hospital ship Llandovery Castle when she was torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine, except ing the single boatload of survivors already rescued, undoubtedly perished, the admiralty announced last night. The area about the scene of the at tack has been thoroughly .searched, the admiralty announced, and only one empty boat and a quantity of wreck age were found. It is assumed there were no more survivors. Mrs, William Story ' Pleaded Not Guilty New York, July 3. Mrs. William Cumming Story and her two sons, Allen and Sterling, pleaded not guilty today today to a charge of conspiracy in the case of Mrs. Story for grand larceny which grew out of allegations that a "fifty-fifty" arrangement had been made with a solicitor to get confribu- tions to the National Relief Society, one fifth of which was to go to Sterling Story. Mrs. Story is president of the so ciety. Allen Story 13 a lieutenant ii tha army.. BYGER ra po o Eighty-five names On Daily Report War Casualties Eighteen Americans Killed In Action and Twelve Severe ly Wounded Washington, Joly 3. General Fer shiug'a casualty list pf 85 today was divided as follows: j Killed in action 18) died of wounds 9; died df disease 4; died of accident an other causes 6; severely wounded 12; missing in action 86. The list follows: ' Killed in Action Lieutenants B. Crawford. Tarentum,Pa. R. V. Curry, Plans, Pa Sergeants A. Cornell, South Manches ter, Conn. E. II. Foley, Philadelphia. Corporals W. M. Batjer, Rogers, Ark. A. Lehner, Detroit, Mich. Wagoner Dclbert F. Callender, Elk hart, Ind. ( ' Privates C. J. Brewster, Newport, N. H. . E. B. CorwclL Gadsen. Ala. W. Lc-Roy Day, Blue Springs, Neb. P. K. Eskew, Franklin, Ky. D. Gtmzales, Tireimicari, N. M. J. A. King, Chestnut Hill, Mass. J. Massorra, Rochester, iT. Y. F. W. Cakgrove, Phillipsburg, N. J. N. Reiehland, Chicago. J. K. Shoemaker, Waterbury, Conn. H. V. Traynham, Arbucle, Cal. Died from Wounds Lieutenant H. L. , Smith, Oshkosh, Wis. Sergeant W. Hackman, San Fran cisco. Bugler A Bailey, Springfield, Ohio. Privates J. Farrell, New York H. S. Keefc, Roxbury, Mass. J. J. Kirkipatrick, Jr., Holyoke. Mass. J. C. McKee, Nelsonville, Ohio M. Niots, Burgettstown, Pa. S. Owens, Owanka, S. D. Died of Disease Corporal E. F. Curth, Yonkers, N. Y. Privates J- Francois, Scott, La. ' H. Hoffman, Beattie, Kan. R. D. Wentzel, Telford, Pa. ' Died from Accident and Other Causes Lieutenant A. E. Crocker, Jr., Fitch burg, Mass. v - Corporals R. T. Ilaaley, Tcxarkana, Ark. D. Smith, Sugar Tree Ridge, Ohio Privates J. Bloodough, Salisbury, N. W. H. T. Breisch, Allentown, Pa. L. B, Person, Brooklyn, N. Y. Wounded Severely Privates G. M. Libhart, French Canip,' Cal. D. C, Waito. Davenport, Iowa (Ooutind oa page two) EACH DOG IS PLAYING HIS PART IN WORLD WARWORK German Officer's Dog Victim of War-'Tommy", Fam ous American Pet By Fred S. Ferguson (United Press Staff Correspondent) With The American Forces in Picardy May 10. (By Mail) This is tho story of two dogs One lies stark and stiff out 111 riouinn s Land, lu; gave Ins life for the country of his master, a German officer. He was shot by an American sentinel wlnlo on duly as a soldier, car rying a message, The other dog still lives, but for tt.j coming of Americans to the little village that was his home he might have died of neglect and starvation. This dog U Abe Martin Who remembers when all th' promin ence in a family wuz in th' father's name? Elmer Moots has quit workin' in th' little O'm resturint as his hair is not long enough in front. NEGORFS CASUALTIES ARE REPORTED TODAY Thirty-Three Killed In Action and Four Died As Result cf Wounds Washington. July J. Forty marine corps casualties listed today were as follows: Killed in action 33; died of wounds 4; wounded in action 3. The list follows: Killed in Action Second Lieutenant V. L. Sohiers, Bloxom, Va. First Sergeant J- A. Sissler, New York. Sergeants C. L. Broekwav, Utica, N. Y. H. Carman, Jamaica, N. Y. P. Conway, Chicago A.. F. Ware Fort Scott, Kan. Corporals H, W. Elliott, Minneapo lis, Minn. A. Hughes, Madrid, N. Y. R. W. Laidlaw, Cuba . , N. J. Loblanc, Chicago II. T. Lyon, Hatticville, Ark.' H. H. Stone, Detroit, Midi. Privates P. A. Adwell, Renville, Minn. I. Brandon, Clearwater, Fla. G. I. Chandler, Wavorly Hall, Oa. M. R. Collier, Olathe, Kan- H. D. Dunlavy, Goose Greek, Texas J. P. Eaton, .Corning, N. I. B. A. Ellsworth, Cripple Creek, Colo- H. J. W. Field, Hatfield, Pa. T. C Grant, St. Louis, Mo. J, A. Hammer, Bofialusa, La. G. W. Lockhait, Wallsburg, Utah George W. Luce, Oxford. Mass. A. MciBrido, Clarendon, Ark. W. A. May, St. Lands, Mo. R. H. Nciscn, Milwaukee, Wis. H. Pankow, Chicago F. W. Schulte Quincy, 111. M. T. Buttles, San Marcos, Texas D- Tartikoff, Maiden, Mass. A. E. Weisbajeker. Newark, N. J. Died of Wounds Received In Action Sergeant W.. Hoftman, Milwaukee, Wis. ' - Corporal R. B. Hess, St. Paul,' Minn. Privates R. ft. Benson, Norh Wood stock, Conn. E. B. Murray, New York. ; Severely Wounded , Corporal H. E. McCurdy, Chicago Private H. E. Clausen, Chicago. Germans Defeat British London, July 3. The Germans last night recaptured most of the ground won by the British northwest of Al bert on Sunday Field Marshal ilaig reported. new known as "Tommy"' Just what his French name was no one known He's of the crossed bull and fox terrier variety, has had a bath since he fell into American hands, and is getting fat on tho lelt-overs of food from Am Joricun messes. Whatever ho was in the dava of his puppyhood, he's a Salva Ition army dog now, and the friend of j every homier who lives in or passes thru I tho village. if there is anything a soldier in the field lows most next to his letters from I home, his smokes, and his bunkic, it if j a dog. Consequently there is a feeling jof pity as the men in the trenches look lout ovr the parapet and see tho stif fened body of the Boche dog. He hap pened to be born on the other side of the Rhine. Therefore! he was an enemy. Ho couldnt reason why one man was his friend and one his foo. He only knew that when he was called, and some thing was slipped in the little alumin um container on his collar, he must go to tho place to which he had been taught to go. Neither did ho know that when he galloped beyond the O'rinnn wire and out into Nomans Land his lean form was silohetted against the sky in t'115 gathering darkness. Ho knew only that this was tlw short way to the next post command. Part of War Machine Though only a dog, he was part of the monster German war machine that menacing tho world. Corporal Clark, of E Company of the Infantry, loves dogs as much as any soldier. But, you must romember' tho Bochj dog was born on the other side of the Rhine. He was Clark's en emy. The corporal raised his gun and fired. The Bochf? dog dropped dead Clark slipped out through th3 wire, un fastened the dog's collar, and brought it back. The collar was sent into head quarters. The little aluminum message box that hung at the dog's throat was opened. Thi message contained valuable infor mation as to relief In the '-nemy linen and told other things which it is neces sary to know. The colonel of Clark's regiment sent him a note commending him for shooting the dog, declaring it showed him to be "a quick witted :ol dier of action." Tommy Was French. "Tommy" doeen't know the story of (Continued on pag) twp) F. M C. A. Working Wonders Close To Front Line Trenches SENATOR TILLMAN ENDS LONG CAREER OF PUBLIC SERVICE Famous South Carolinian Had Been In Upper House for Twenty-Four Years Washington, July 3 Sonator Ben K. Tillman, South Carolina, ("Pitehfork Ken ') died at 4.20 o'clock this morn- The senator had been ill for some days as a result of .paralysis attacks and all hopb for his recovery was anannonea ounday. AlenVoers of his family were with him at the end. Tho death of the senator from South 'Carolina marks tho passing of one ot tho most unique and interesting mem bers who ever sat in the upper branch of congress. He' represented his state there for twenty four years, and as he hoped, "died in action. " Tillman was iborn in Edgefield county, Mouth Carolina, the son of farmer. The sobriquet of "Pitchfork Ben" was given him because of a. hab it ho had of pitching into opponents when a good fight was on. From early life he was active in politics, always winiunmig me cause or tne larmers. In. 1890 and again in 1K92 ho was 'elected governor of South Carolina, going to the senate, in 1894, In 1898 he was a candidate for the democratic nomination for .president, but was lost 'in the popular tide atanted by William Jennings Bryan's famous "cross of gold" speech,-. JU ..,, ;' .. ." . As chairman of, tho senate naval comimittee he had been instrumental, with Senator Swanson of Virginia, in putting through tho .great naval legis lation of the last two years, Eight Year Old Boy v Drowned at Newport iv apiuii ,ournui opeciai ncrvicoj j Newport, ur., July s. freddio Chambers, the eijjht year old child of Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Chandlers, of To ledo, drowned there yesterday after noon. Tho boy was swimming with oth er youngsters back of Frederick's store, when his companions sent him to tho Ibath house for a suit. He unex pectedly stepped on a plank, lost con trol of himsK'Lf ami "went to the bot tom at once. His body was recovered half an hour later, but efforts of three physicians to rjsusitate him were fruitless. AN AVIATING COW Portland, Or., July 3. Motorists oii 1 the Columbia highway were startled ' yesterday when the body of a cow j hurtled through the air "and fell life-' less a short distunVe ahead of thoir machine. The cow hnd slipped over the ; cdtfe of a cliff. 200 feet above. ' miiiiiiiiiiitiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiinu I War Summary of United Press I lllllfllllllllllllllKIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllilllllll E I 1430th Day of the War; 103rd Day of the Big Offensive iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii!iiiiiiiiiii:iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii!iiiiii Marne front Americans yesterday repulsed a 8,1-cond German counter at tack on the newly won positions west of Chateau-Thierry. French advanced a half mile on a two mile front northwest of Soissons, taking 220 prisoners. Picardy front Germans last night recaptured most of the ground taken by the British northwest of Albert Sunday. Alsace front German raidg repulsed Italy Additional reports greatly in crease tho original estimate of 1500 Austrians killed in the recent Italian victory in the mountains. England Lord Rhonnda, " British food controller, died this morning fol lowing a long illness. Germany Hundred thoiwtaud cases of "Spanish influenza" reported thru out the country. Sinking of the Canadian hospital ship Llandovery Castle is semi-official-ly denied in - a statement which sug gests that "a British mine" probably was responsible. Austria Several regiments of Aus trian soldiers in Prague and Oratz re volted when their bread ration was cut America's Great Universities Are Transplanted to West era War Zone-Boys Will Come Back Home Well equipped to Direct Affairs of Nation-Best Men In Uni versity Work Have Been Drafted For Service by Great Organization By John K. Mott (General secretary of the international Y. M. C. A.) (Writ.te.tt for tho United Press) Atlanta, Ga., July 3. The Y. M. C. A. ia transplanting! America's creat universities directly behind the'fight- uuui in curupe in oraer that our millions of boy may come back from the war equipped to direct this nations affairs of tomorrow.- . .. 1 We feel it neculiarlv filMinir thst this vital part of the Y. M. C. A.' wort overseas e given publicity just now as we approach, the campaign for our new overseas war work fund of U2,000,00 because it touch... . mb bottom on one of the many gigantie iMuuieina tuis country Has to face whoa peace is here. When you remember that these' le gions of boys over there will come baek to be our councibnen, our senators. eo- grossmen, diplomats and businesa and professional 'readers in later years, vmi glimpse the reason for this great edu- i-aiionai unuentaKing. The work is already under wy. It has a. present, a. well as a future ac complishment to cf feet. Ita big task now i 10 icacn every toy with a gun oxnctly what he is fighting for.- No man can do things well if hs doe not clearly understand the reasons for do ing them. Putting tho war issuo clear ly before these boys through these uni versities behind tie front strenirtJions and improves the morale of America's armies as nothing else could. Tho sec ond and equally important object is to train tneso fjoys, even as they fight, for peace time affairs. To do this we have eonc.riotnl tha best minds available in American uni versities. The schools already estab lished and being established jn Y. M. C. A. buildisgs along tho way to the front are under the direction of such men ag Anson Phelps Stokes of Yale. Pro fessor Khskino of Columbia, ProfosBOr Reginald Daly of Harvard and Profes sor Coleman of the University of Chi cago. They are porsonally in charge. At present tho educational work in cludes hundreds of French classes and teachers are English-speaking French professors loaned by the French edu cational authorities. President Schur nian of Cornell, Erskino, Daly and doz ens of other great American educators personally aro stumping the overseas string of universities, lecturing to the nien and preparing the ground for tbn greater educational work to grow. Wo know that the breadth, depth and wisdom of the one of the many Y. M. C. A. undertakings is fully ap preciated by the people of this eoun fry. Russia Fifty thousand Gorman troops reported to I ave entered Fin land to participate in the proposed Murman campaign. 3e WORLD'S LARGEST FLAG Chicago, July 3. Traffic cops were ordered today to close one Chicago street to all traffic for half hour while a tailoring concern here unfurl- ed tho world's largest flag. Tailors sewed st.iics of bunt- ing into an ensign measuring ltlOxHO. It will cover one side of a seven story building. THREE FRO-GERMAN BROTHERS Los Angeles, Cal., July 3. Three brothers, charged with violating tho espionage law, were interned at Fort MacArthur today. They are Wilhelm. U..nrv anA Antnn Mnitmnnn nnfivpn of Germany, former residents of Po mona, who, after being cnargea wun r.rn.f:.titia ti iittArunCfin iiera amRtprt on the border as they tried to enter Mexico. August Wefer and Alfred J. Pils, ar rested at San Diego on espionage law violation charges. hao also been in terned at the fort.