Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, July 01, 1918, Image 1

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Only Circulation in Salem Guar
nteed by the Audit Eureaa of
f 1. f 1 1 I fl II II II II I except neRr the
Capture Strong Positions of
Col Del Rosso, Eschell and
Mount Valbelia with 1,509
Prisoners French Aid In
Brilliant Surprise Attack
Indications Seen That Aus-
trians Are Attempting to
Prepare ror New Offensive
Rome, July 1 The totil of Austrian
prisoners captured on the Piayo is 19,.
000, acoordLag to semiofficial state
ment issued tody.
Eome, July 1. A huge Italian-American
demonstration was staged in Jan
iculus, suburb yesterday, prominent
aitizens explained America's part in
the war and expressed Italy's loyalty
to thS alliea
Borne, July 1. An escadrille of Am
erican airmen, piloting Caproni planes,
flew from Milan to Eome, a d stance
of 650 kilomiterg (403.65 miles.) They
were under command of Captain La
Onarda, formerly New York congress
man. Washington, July 1. Striking Sud
denly in the upper Asiago last night,
Italian .troops. 'with the cooperation of
French detachments, captured ' more
1han 1500 Austrians, including fifty
officers, Rome cables to the Italian
embassy stated today.
"The Italian troops are new in pos
session of the peak of Et hel, Col Del
Kosso and Mount Valbella,'!. the com
munique stated.
"French detainments who cooporat
cd wiith the Italians, fought brilliantly
anil assisted in the capture of large
amounts of booty, including maehino
;!iins, trench mortars and light and
, heavy guns.
' "Along the entire line the irresist
ible dashes of the Italians and French
found the Austrian:) completely stir
3rised, Though unnrepnrel, thev fouirht
desperately. Actions along the left
Ibauk of the Piave ,anil the Montflllo
salient were especially successful. On
the GiudLcnrie important gains were
made and additional prisoners were
"Heavy artillery firing from Ital-
(Continued on page two)
ilome-Coming Saturday One
of the Most Delightful
Gatherings Ever Held
The home-coming of Salem folks Sat
tirday was a very successful affair. It
was a reunion of old-timers and old
friends that will long be remembered
by the hundreds who gathered for the
exercises in beautiful Willson park.
Entirely informal was the day's pro
gram, the committee in charge hold
ing it unwise to burden "the veterans
with the obligation of listening to
lengthy list of speeches.
The first was the automobile excur
sion about Salem to show the. visitors
change that have taken place since
they moved away. At 1 o'clock automo
Iiies assembled at Willson park, where
an outdoor luncheon was spread on
tables. The luncheon hour was followed
by the address of the day delivered by
ex-Governor T. T. Goer and a brief ad
dress by Ceorge H. Hines, of the Ore
gon Historical society, Mrs. Hallie Hin
ges Durdall, who as a girl delighted the
men and women of Oregon with her
songs, appeared before them again Sat
urday, and many said that her voice
had lost none of its richness of yeais
gone by.
'George S. Hime Writes
An interesting letter was received
(Continued on page six)
Forty-nine Na mes
Are Lr ted In Gen.
Pershl zg's Report
Rye KillcJ Ih Action, Four
Died of junds and Seven
I Disease
Washington, July 1. General Per
shing reported 49 casualties today di
vided as follows:
Killed in action 5; died of wounds
died of disease 7; died from air
plane accident 1; died from accident
or other cause 5; wounded severely
2(; missing in action 1.
The list follows:
Killed in Action
Lieutenants N. R. Grav, Louisville-
C. A. Johnson, Grand Rapids', Mich
(Corporals F. A. Morgan, Litchfield,
J. J. Simcoe, Philadelphia
Private R. J. Weise, Philadelphia
Died of Wounds
Privates A. Bruno, Yonkers, X. Y. '
J. L. Dixon, Blackshear. Ga.
E. II. Jackson, Claiksville. Ark.
M. G- Russell, Afiiory, Miss.
Died of Disease
Sergeant C. C. Foust, Dayton, Ohio
Corporal G. H. Counts, Mulberry, Ark
Privates J- A. Dobbs, Decatur, 111.
J. Jackson, Cordele, Ga.
J. S. Lynch, Brooklyn, N. Y.
J. Palmer, Vance, 8. 0.
F. W. Whittemore, Nashua, N- H.
Died of Airplane Accident
Lieutenant G. T. O'Laughliu, Ra
cine, Wis.
Died of Accident and Other Causes
Corporals J. II. Doran, Jr., East St.
Louis, III. . t . .
J. Gallagher, Ireland
Privates H. P. Pavson, Kansas City,
M, Parvis, Sumner, Mo.
L. Williams, Loxa, Ark. .
One-Time Socialist Candidate
For President Under
Heavy Bonds
Cleveland, Ohio, July 1. Eugene V.
Debs, socialist leader, was arraigned
before Federal Judjje Westenhaver
here today and through his counsel,
Morris M. Wolf, waived the reading of
the indictment which led to his arrest
yesterday. Dubs was granted the privi
lege of pleading when he appeared tor
trial which was act for July 30 or soon
(here after. Bond was fixed in tho
sum of $10,000. This Wolf said would
be given during the day.
The indictment which charges Debs
with violating the espionage act was
returned by the federal grand jury
late Saturday as a result of a speech
.he made at the socialist state conven
tion in Canton, Ohio, two weeks ago.
I Cleveland .socialists collected a "de
fense fund'' of N00 at a meeting Debs
was to have addressed here yesterday.
There are ten counts in the indiet
menb against Debs, all of them based
(Continued on page three)
French Forces Advance Lines
and Take Four Hundred
Paris, July 1. German airmen made
their fourth and fifth raids on Parts
within five days last night and early
: The first alarm was sounded at 11:58
p. m. A fjw posts bombarded the raid
ers. "AH Clear" was given at 12:20
a. m.
At 12:48 another alarm was sounded.
I Aerial defenses went into action. A
, few bomb were dropped in the suburbs
At 2:20 "all cir" was sounded
again. .
I Paris, July 1. Frenf'h troops ad
jvanced their line slightly on a. five
i mile front northwest -of Cnateau-Thier
jry, and in an operation southeast of
Osloy took 200 prisoners, the French
war onier reponca toaay. minor op
erations on other portions of the
Marno and Oise fronts resulted in 46
"Between Montdidier and Noyon,
French raids resulted in twenty pris
oners," the communique said.
"South of the Aisne, the French
captured a resistance center north of
Outry and took 26 prisoners.
"The French improved their posi
tions south of the Aisne, between
(Contiaued on page two)
five Persons Are Still Missing
anJ Are Probably Victims -cf
Sioux City, Iowa, July 1. Thirty
nine persona are known to have been
killed and a score injured when the
four story building of the Oscar Ruff
Drusr company at Fourth and Douglass
streets collapsed Saturday afternoon,
resultingi Sn an explosion land fire.
Five .persons are reported missing and
it is evident that the death list will
pass the forty mark before the search
for bodies is ended.
Early this morning, It was reported
that all of the injured taken to hos
pitals are recovering.
Yes,terday thirty one bodies were re
covered. Hope that persons in the de
bris might be alive was abandoned
early in the day.
The greatest loss of life occurred
in the Chain Grocery and Beaumont
Moat market, the building adjoining
tho dnig store. Most of the bodies re
moved from the two buildings were
women- Five of them have not yet been
Most of the bodies were burned or
mutilated beyond recognition.
The identity of four men and one
child has not been established.
Thousands of spectators crowded
about the fire lines a'l day yesterday,
but only those who had relatives or in
timate friends among the missing ling
ered long to view the ruins and watcn
tho rescuers at their giewsoinc work.
Thousands of persons from adjoining
towns and cities arrived in automobiles
during the day to witness the removal
of bodies and catch a glimpse of the
ruins. "
It was reported that there were
only a few cases of men over come
by gas. Hundreds of Red Cross nurses
rendered first nid to those who requir
d attention. Hot coffee and sandwiches
were also provided by the Red Cross
women workers end the men lunched
as they worked. '
Justice of Peace 1). C. 'Browning in
an aunoiuioement 'niafla last night stat
ed that an inquest of the victims will
je held within the next few days. Jus
tice Browning has been requested to
conduct tho investigation. ' He stated
there was urgent necessity cf an offi
cial inquiry. Several witnesses already
have been informally summoned ami
the investigation will probably begin
State Department
Sternly Rebukes Mexico
By Carl D. Groat
Washington, July 1. Public rebuke
was given Mexico today by the Suited
States government for making public,
without asking the usual diplomatic
consent, an oil decree protest note of
April 2. '
Some of tho Mexican press had dis
torted the protest into making it appear
inconsistent with the president's re
cent friendly address here to' Mexican
The protest itself warned it might
be necessary for the United States to
protect, its citizens' rifihts in the Mexi
can oil fields. A statement attached to
the note evidenced United Slates impa
tience at the Mexican pr.-ss statements
and the Mexican govrnmnt's course in
making the note public.
Conscientious Objector
ojfLoyaI Brand
Stockton, Cnl., July 1. Harvey
Greer, 19 years of age and a native
if Teanessee, is the kind of a con
scientious objector that the country is
iproua or.
"I want to enlist," he told Sergeant
R. R. Mcrgcnthal, of the local U. 8
marine corps recruiting station.
"You're mighty young," replien
llergenthal, "why do you want to en-
' list I .
I "Because my conscience hurts me."
I replied young Greer. 'I'm afraid the
I war might be over before I am twenty
I one. Then the boys would come home
jsnd ask me why I hadn't been in it
cna l oojcci conscientiously to nav
ing no excuse to offer."
Greer's name was soon affixed to
the dotted line.
Portland Concerns
Increase Capital Stock
The Kerf, Gifford & Company, Inc..
of Portland has increased its capital
stock from $300,000 to 400,000, ac
cording to a resolution of the stock
holders of the company filed with the
corporation department.
The Portland Rubber Mills has in
creased its capital stock from $40,000
to $100,000.
The following corporations filed reso
lutions of dissolution: Par-Max Auto
Loading Equipment Company , Tort-
land; 'K'ingery k Marrs. Inc., Portland;
I Beaver Manufacturing Company, Port
land; Kingerv Marrs., Inc., Portland;
Crown Company, Portland; Woods Lum
Iber Company, Medford; Northwest
.Bridge Works, Portland.
AsweO Resolution Is Endorsed
In Letter to (Commerce
Resolution Will Be Reported
With Only One Amend
ment by Committee
Washington, July 1. President Wil
son today asked congress for power to
take over the telegraphs and telephone
lines. ' i
The president advoqatcd passage of
the Aswell resolution which would em
power him to take over not only the
telephone and telegraph lines, but also
the cable lines and radio systems of the
In the letter to the interstate com
merce committee of the house he en
dorsed letters sent simultaneously to
the committee by Postmnster Goneral
Burleson and Secretary Daniels, saying
tliat the power asked was necessary to
prevent suspension of service on tele
graph lines and to guard military
secrets and government communica
This was regarded today as indica
tive of President Wilson's purpose to
prevent a strike of telegraphers threat
ened by order of President 8. J. Konen
kamp of the union for July 8.
As a result of the president's letter
the Aswell resolution granting ..the
power requested ' will be reported to
the house late tdays Thcre is no dis
position in the committee to. withhold
the power but , the committee, wants
time to gather facts and data so as to
be prepared to rush tho resolution
through the house.
The only amendment proposed in the
committee was one providing for re
turn of the systems six months after
the proclainaation of pcac'.. No defi
nite action was taken on the amend
ment. The Aswell resolution would put the
telegraph, telephone, marine cable and
radio systems under federal control
just as the railroads now arc.
The full text of the resolution fol
lows: ''Resolved by the senato and house
of representatives of tho United States
of America in congress assembled, that
the president, if in his discretion it is
deemed desirable, in order to insure
their continuous operation or to guard
the secrcy of military and government
al communications "or to prevent com
munication by spies or other public en
emies thereon, or for other military or
public reasons, shall havo power to
tuke possession and control of any tele
graph, telephone, marino cable or radio
system and operate the same subject
to those conditions as far uj applicable,
which are in force as to steam rail
roads whilo under federal control.''
The house interstate commerce com
mittec, after considering the Aswell
resolution at a short session ttiis after
noon, recessed until tomorrow morning,
when an open meeting hearing on the
resolution will b eheld. Chairman
Sims of the committee say the mem
bers advocating the resolutuion would
not be made public until the resolution
is approved.
t Abe Martin J
Th' only wmk lots o' folks ever tack
le is guess work. Constable Plum has
put th' fight or work proposition up t'
Pony Mopps who has promised t' hand
down a decision th' last o' th' month
Miss Tawney Apple's cousin wuz mar
ried in h?r gran 'mother's weddin' dress
while th' groom carried his gran 'fath
er' gold toothpick.
Lenine and Trotsky, However,
Wast No Foreign Help
Except That of Russia
Moscow, June 26. Grand Duke Mich
ael, brother of the former czar, has is
sued a manifesto declaring that inas
much as the constituent assembly has
been dissolved, resulting in the disin
tegration of Russia it is his duty to re
store order.
The manifesto calls on the people to
overthrow the bolshevikl and offers am
nesty to all participating in the revolt.
By Robert Bender
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Washington, July 1. The American
government is about to do business with
the scattered Russian Soviets the coun
cils which run the Slav communities.
While not according official political
recognition to the Lenine-Trotsky gov
ernment this nation is forced to extend
its forthcoming aid to Russia through
the best available channels. In the pre
sent decentralized government of that
country, the Soviets are the only chan
nels sufficiently organized to deal with
Utterly opposed to the principles of
the Leiiine-Trotsky organization and
hoping that tho time may not be far
distuut when a democratic government
may be set up in Russia that will ob
serve the ruk-s of well established re
gimes, tho president is restricting Am
erica's aid to such economic and moral
help as America can send informally
through tho medium of the Soviets.
This aid, however, it is confidently
hoped, will develop the foundation work
of government for Russia, and the
means for later far-reaehing policies
of assistance which may serve to re-establish
an eastern front.
By Joseph Sliaplen .
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Stockholm, July 1. "The Soviets
wilVregard allied Intervention In Russia
Constant Local Attacks by
General Foch Seems
Ey X W. Tl Mason
New York, July 1. Tho increasing
number of local attacks ordered by
General Foch at various points along
the w.ost front are throwing into tem
porary contusion any possible arrange
ments by Von Hindenlburg for a gener
al offensive ,
The gains made by the allies in these
enterprises are upsetting calculations
by the Germans at crucial points. Tho
British operations east of JNieppo for
est, the American attacks in lielleau
wood, ,the French assault in the vicin
ity of Villers-Cotterets forest and oth
er similar engagement during the past
few days have all ocon for the purpose
of disconcerting itindcnburg's plans
and ot discovering information con
icorning contemplated German opera
tions. There is nothing in the circumstanc
es cf these local thrusts to suggest that
Gen"ral Foch is preparing the way for
a major offensive of his own at this
i War Summary of United Press
1428th Day of the War; 101st Day of the Big Offensive
Maine Front. -Tho French advanced
their "lines slightly on th.; five mile
front between Viuly and Pubsy-Eu-Va-lois,
on the left flank of the American
sector northwest of Chateau-Thierry.
They a'so took 200 prisoners in sharp
fighting which followed another Ger
man counter attack on the new posi
tions won by the French west of Sois
sons last week.
Oise Front. In raids between Mont
didier and Noyon French took twenty
Pii-ardy Front. British were success
ful in minor operations around Albeit
and to the northward. German artillery
was active around Albert and Arras.
Flanders Front. Germans bombard
ed British positions in various sector on
the southern, northern and northwestern
portions of the front.
Italian Front. Austrians, seeking to
suppress celebration of Saturday s It
alian victory in the mountain region
as a hostile encroachment on the lib
erty and independence of Russia, but
will not i?ntr an alliance with Ger
many.'" This statement was made publicly by
War Minister Trotsky, according to
Moscow dispatches received here today.
German diplomats in Petrograd, how
ever, are quoted as saying tha'soviets
are not likely to reject German aid in
resisting the allies.
Premier Lenine issued a statement
declaring that the Czecho-Slpvaks soon
will be wiped out. The Soviets sent a
special representative to the allied en
voys at Nologda, as a result of which
the latter are expected to return from
The Germans are continuing their in
vasion beyond th.9 bounds of Ukraine,
also in the Kuban and Black sea regions.
They have landed forces at Kinkal and
may seek to reach Vologda, from whore
they would proceed against the Czecho
slovaks, despite Trotsky's statement
that there would be no alliance for this
German submarines transferred in
parts via Finland, have appeared on
Lake Ladoga, the final possible refuge
of the Russia Baltic fleet.
The Zinamia Borbi of Petrograd re
ports that the peasant revolt in Ukiaine
is growing. The Germans, fearing tho
revolt will disorganize the situation
are hurrying all bread and other food
stuffs out of the country to prevent
their destruction.
The peasantry Is arming and in many
places is fighting desperately against
tho Germans. Armed detachments are
seeking to prevent the Germans from
sizing the coming harvest. Tho former
landlords are taking back the land from
the peasants with the aid of German
Thd bolshevikl have lost all their pop
ularity in Ukrninc because of Urost
Litovsk surrender. All landlords in Koz
sian have been murdered. The Germans
are sending punitive expeditions into
the villages. Scwiral thousands peasants
(Continued on page three)
The public repudiation by Von
Kuehlmann of any faith In a battle
field peace makes ac especially desir
able from the allied standpoint that
llindonlburg be given the next oppor
tunity to engage in an offensive.
Evory reason of tttiategy strongly
suggest tliat General Fcch will wel
come now blow by Ilinaenburg, The
Geiir.ans mus". play directly into the
allies' hands if Hindenburg insists on
a fifth offensive after Von Kuehl
mann's announcement that uattle field
victories cannot win the war.
The most important facts for the al
lies .to know is how the Uerman peo
ple will react to a new slaughter ot
German man power by Hinuenburg af
ter Von KusUlmami's repudiation by
the sword as the right instrument for
gaining peace. The kaiser, too, is deep
ly interested in this samo question.
If an at:ai-k does come, it will be
delivered with all the powor Hinden
burg has left becauso never before
have the consequences been so threaten-
in;? to the militarists. Genuial i'oca,
therefore, is taking every possible pre
caution to keep in touch with itindcn
burg's rhovements, and to throw the
Germans out of step by incessant min
or attacks from Flanders to the Elaine.
beat and arrested ninny citizens in oc
cupied territories.
France. Tho Germans made two
more air raids on Paris around mid
night, their fourth and fifth within
five days. No vietims were reported.
Austria-Hungary Twenty two po
licemen and civilians wero killed and
injured during the recent general
strike and 3,800 civilians nrroctcd, ac
cording to the newspaper Azest. Emper
or Karl appealed to the kaiser for aid
in the food situation. German and Aus-tro-IIungarian
food controllers, meet
ing in Berlin, agreed to pool their grain
Russia, War Minister Trotsky declar
ed the bolsheviki would regard allied in
tervention in Russia as a "hostile en
croaehmcnt" but declared the Soviets
would not form an alliance with Ger
many. Premier Lenine said he had no con
firmation of the death of the former
czar. Reports received in Stockholm
said the czar's family has been tians
ferred to Kotelnich.
Attempted Raid of German
Troops June 12 Repelled
With Heavy Loss
Enemy Troops Make Friendly
Advances So General :
Pershing Reports
By Frank J. Taylor
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
With the American Armies in France.
July 1. American negro troops provccL
iiieir vaiue as ngnters in the lino east
of Verdun on Juno 12, it is now per
missible to state. The Germans attempt
cd a raid in that sector, but wera com
pletely repulsed by the negroes.
mo uocnes began a terrific bombard
ment at oiw miuutit after miilnlirl.t
throwing over between 3000 and 4000
shells from gtius ranging in size from
67 to 340 millimeters. The bombardment
was concentrated on small areas. Mauy
oi mo sikeus maao Holes from ten to
fifteen feet across.
In the midst of this infurnn' thn rut.
gvocs coolly stuck to their posts, opor-
aiiug macnine guns and automatic rif
les, and keeping up such a steady bar
rage that the German infantry failed to
penetrate the American lines. ;
Tl" Americans miraculously sustained
only i"iw wounded. i
"1 tie luck was a-workin' with n,"
explained one. "We all got knocked
down lots o' times, but every man get
right up."
j'urijig thtf attack the crew of a ma
chine gun was bowled over by min.2
werfer attack which made a 18-foot holu
ten foot from them. They all got up,
remountedthe gun and continued shoot
ing until it jammed. Then, despite the
terrible bombardment, thev fiviiJ it ami
again turned it on the Germans. This
was repeated twice.
The Fiench and American officers re
ported that, tho negroes performed like
veterans. They obeyed orders promptly
took risky duties voluntarily and com
pared with tho best troops on the west
A Germnn raid east , of St. Die, in
(Continued on page two)
Instructions Issued for Guid
ance of Local Exemption
Portland, Or., July 1. A special cir
cular just issued by tho war depart
ment for the guidance of local boards
in nnforciijif tho "work or fight"
regulations, clears up all doubtful
points as to what constitutes "non
productivjo oeicupatilons w employ
ments." The work or fiht regulations be
came effective, on July 1, They are to
tie enforced to tho letter. Men having
delerrcd .classification but engaged in
non productive work or idling, will be
promptly re-classiticd into class 1 if
they do not engngo in productive oc
cupations when directed to do so by
their local beards.
Following are the regulations defin
ing what registrants ate to be consid
ered by local bonrds as engaged in
non prodnctivn occupations or employ
moats, and following each section, in
parentheses, the official interpretation
of points as to which doubt might
"(a) Persons engaged in the serv
ing cf food and drink, or either, in
public places, including hotels and so
cial clubs."
(Does not include managers, clerks,
cooks, or other employes unless they
are cngnged in tho serving of food
and drink, or eit'her.)
"(b) Passenger elevator operator
and attendants; and door men, foot
men, carriage openers and otbor at
tendants in ltibs, hotels, stores, apart
ment houses, office buildings and bath
(The words "other attendants" in
clude bell boys, and also include port
ers, unless such porters are engaged
in heavy work.)
" (c) Persons, Including ushers and
other attendants, engaged and occu
pied in and in connection with games,
f ports and amusements, excepting actu
al performers in legitimate concerts,
operas or theatrical performance."
(Includes, in addition to ushers and
(Continued on pag two)