TODAY - 4,600 SUBSCRIBERS (43,000 E.EADEES) DAILY Only Circulation tn Salem Guar anteed ty the A adit Bureau of Circulations . FULL LEASED WIRE? DISPATCHES SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL LET KEWS JEEVICE WWAT tXTINK WEATEIH firm- oil. NO Oregon: Tonight ami Friday prob ably fair, except probably showers extreme south--west portion; gen tip winds, nu.-tiy northerly. FORTY-FISST YEAR NO. 144 SALE, OREGON, THURSDAY, JUNE 20, 1918 PRICE TWO CENTS ON TRAINS AND KEWS STANDS ITVB CENTS ill II A U 11 v.llvyv iffltirmifif if JMMlJt; - lilEESTIEMIENT M GERMAN, TODAY THARKTO Barrage Bm at One o'Oock This Morning and Germans : Did Not Stay To Fight Loss of Enemy In This Sector , Has Been Heavy Escaued American Prisoner Says Ger mans Bury Dead Twentv In Grave In Cross-Wise Layers j By Lowell Mellett, : (United Press Staff Correspondent.) With the Americans On the Marne, June 20. (4 p.m.) --The Americans squeezed the Germans out of a salient a kilometer (two thirds of a mile) deep and the same dis tance in width, west of Torcy (six miles northwest of Chateau-Thierry), early jthis morning. " ' ' The Germans did not remain to fight after they were struck by a barrage, beginning at 1 o'clock and when the infantry went forward there was no one to oppose them. German casualties in the fighting in this sector are now estimated at 800, killed and 5,000 wounded. Private James A. Donohue, who was taken prisoner eight days ago, escaped and rejoined his company last night. He declared that a few other American prisoners are compelled by the Huns to work in the front lines. Donohue also said he saw Germans burying their dead, twenty to a grave, in crosswise layers. By Frank J. Taylor V (United Press Staff Correspondent) With the American Army in Lorraine, .Tune 20. The Germans suffered heuvy cartiialties- in yesterday morning's corn- billed first all-American gas attack' and artillery bombardment, t it was es ! tablished through an (enemy prisoner to'-.j day. . - ' ' ' ' The boche were jus starting -to in-J vade the American lines when the'gasj containers fell in their midst, killing aj (treat numlvr and sending others flee-, ing. I After thP deluge of gas subsided and; the barrage died down, the German at- tempted to start their raid agaih, but j wcr.o stopped almost in their tracks by i American artillery, machine gun and! rifle fire. ' I' witnessed this first American gas; projector attack from a front lino, trench. ' Every doughboy impatiently n waited tK" ','iero hour," which had j been set at 2:30. Promptly on the sec ond the silence was broken by a ter rific explosion from the trenches, ' as several batteries of projectors, fired simultaneonsly by electricity, sent more than a thousand gas containers scneain- WILL NEVER SIT DOWN TO HOLD CONFERENCE WITH GEM LABOR This So Long As a German Soldier Remains In Bel - gium or France Ban Francisco, June 20. "American labor will ney.tr sit down to a eonfer euce with German labor while there is V ingle German soldier on the soil of Lelgiuof or France." - . . That was the message the American labor mission delivered in England and France, and as a result the proposed con fereue with German labor leaders was naver held, E. O. McCbrmick," vice pre sident of the Southern Pacific and a member of the labor mission declared to day on his return. ... Besides McCormicky the mission con sisted of James A. Wilson of the pattern makers union, John P. Frey Of the mold erg, Martin Ryan, of .the railway em ployes and William J.. Johnson of the machinists. The members of the mission visited GerteAl Pershing's . hedaquaiters In France, went to the; front line, and talk ed to the American! who had just tang led with the boches at Seichcprey; "I asked aa officer if he thought the - Germans would pv,?r get those lads," said McCormick today. .. ' " 'The Germans woa't, but the squirrels-will,' the officer - said. .'.They're nuts, all of them. When thoy came out of that fight at Seiehepney, where they took everythingbut prisoners, every nan Jack of them aat. down and re sharpened his bayonet before he roll ed over and went to sleep." EDDIE CAMPI DEAD. . Hollister, Cal., June 20. Eddie Campi San Francisco bantamweight boxer, died is local hospital at 1 p. m. today. itisr toward tlte German trenches in the Bois-de Montmare. (Montmare wood is opposite Flirey, in the Toul sector, and three miles north east of Seichcprey.) After the flash, tho wails of the de parting projectiles died away and it 8 "cniii almost a minute "before a very loud explosion was hvsard in -the- Hun trenches. Then we knew that certain specified German posttiona had been dreuched with gas. For several minutes an uncanny si leuce ensued. After this interval, star shell signals were sen up and the Am erican artillery cut loose. This terrific barrage of gas shells and high explo sives died down and again there was comparative quiet. Thfi boches were ap parently stil too astonished to reply. The American artillery laid down an other barrage and thit time the Ger mans answered. jThe whole area be came an inferno. Ewry village behind the American lines was subjected to heavy fire, mostly gas shells, but there, was not a single American casualty. When the bombardment finally censed, a comparatively few Huns emerged from (Continued on pasre three) OF PROFITEERING IN THRESHING PRICES rt-! fJ -Ti ra i . uasn i;iaae inai ou tents a Bushel Is DemandedGov ernment Will Fk Price ' Washington, June 20:' Efforts to save farmers' millions" of dollars' .fx exiiess threshing charges are under way by the food administration. It ... learned today., . .. . With harvest beginning in the "great wheat lelit, reports of profiteering by threshing machine owners are leaching the food administration. (Some farm era are being held up for a threshing fee or .jO cents a bushel creased machinery costs and labor S re given aa reasons. Farm ers, held down by the fixed $2.20 wheat price, are unable to paw this charge along and muet bear it them selves. An average increase of', one cent a bushel threshing fee would cost American farmcrB about $10,000,000. Hoover is organizing threshing com mitter in every wheat growing coun ty which are to determine a jnst threshing fee. ' Profiteering .will be guarded against. Increased fees are to be -expected, however, (because of the rive-pased machinery costs and the gen eral 'rising scale tif prises. . Threshing rate have remained practically - the same 'aa in 1911. wheii wheat 1 period of rain. Ia regins where fog and i .i .i i i . . i aim me-oreguing marges' muai D6 per mitted! keep pace with the' advance, officials .believe. " No nniform schedule of fees can be drawn, wp because of varying local conditions-Fee: schedules have already been agreed upon in many sections' in Texas- Oklahoma. Kansas, Missouri a ail (Continued oa page two) CONGRESS IN FAVOR OF DECLARING WAR ON TURKEY AT ONCE ,State Department Seeks Cor roboration ot Mory ot Turkish Attacks - . By L. C. Martin (United Press Staff Correspondent) Washington, June 20. While the government jnoved rayidly today to confirm information that Turkey had committed An overt act against this nation by seizing the American consul ate at Tabriz, Persia, and rocking the American hospital there, a new move for a war 'declaration against Turkey and Bulgaria developed in congress. Representative Kelly, Pennsylvania, introduced a resolution in the house calling for war on the Turks and Bul gnrs. Kelly's resolution charges both Bul garia and Turkey with repeated acts of -hostility against this country. Kel ly said he introduced the resolution on his own initiative because he consid ered "recognition of a slate of war between this country and Bulgaria and Turkey absolutely vitai," after talk ing, with persons familiar with the Bulgaria-Turkey situation. Chairman Flood of the house foreign affairs committee said he had not been consulted about the resolution, which was referred to the committee Congress is ready to declare war oft Turkey th.3 moment official verification is obtained of the seizure of the Amer ican consulate and the attack on J he American hospital at Tabriz, Persia,' The majority sentiment in both houses favors immediate declaration of hostil ities, but will await word fram the pre sident. 'There never has been any reason I could see for delay," said Senator Hard ing, Ohio. "This may bring the result so many of us have desired so long." Senator King, Utah, author of reso lution for a declaration of war on Tur key and Bulgaria, will probably see Sec retary Lansing regarding the Tabriz in cident Ore.ek, Serbian and Bussian statesmen here manifested uneasiness over the safety of Americans in Turkey. Declaration of war by the United States against Turkey may Tesult in the sending of-United States military forces to aid in the Mesopotamia cam- - - (Continued on page nine) TODAY IN THE GREAT WAS. Onfl year ago The British made further gains between Ar ras and Lens and repulsed three German counter attacks. , Oeneral Grusiloff, command ing thr Russian armies, replying to congratulations from General Robertson, British chief of staff said: "In honor bound, free Rus sia's armies will not fail to do their duty." ' Two years ago The Russians continuing to advance against the Austrians, occupied thr.?e villages in the Carpathians. The Germans heavily bom barded the A'erdun defenses. The Austrians and Italians fought without marked advant age in th Trentino. Three years ago The Rus sians were in general retreat along their whole front west of Lemberg. . Th.3 French took a trench north of Arras at tlic point of bayonets. The Turks began a vigorous offensive at the Dardanelles. Abe Martin ! , "I'm fer thrift, but I ean't e how wearin felt boots after business hours is goin' t' lick th' kaiser," said Mrs Tipton Bud, t'day. Mr. Lemmie Peters mother has asked President Wilson t' send h.r boy home from Camp Taylor as he haint satisfied there. mm WAR SAVINGS STAMPS DRIVE ON FOR NEXT WEEK FOR QUARTER OF MILLION Campaip Captains With Mem bers of Teams Are Selected by Committee The pepjple of the city of Salem will be asked to subscribe, for about $130. 000 worth of war savings stamps next week, and that no one may feel slight ed or overlooked, the executive com mittee has appointed 30 working teams to solicit in the city, each team under an experienced captain. Although the sum to be subscribed is $250,000, this amount is net to be paid at once. In f"t, all that the com mittees are asked to dd is to receive pledge cards for certain" amounts which may be paid in monthly installments from June to the first of next year. A war saving stamp is a $5 stamp which the government promises to re deem at face value in five years. The value of the stamp duiijjij June is $417 and the interest it draws' is figured at little over four ier cent. The value of the stamp is now $4.17 and ' it in creases one cent each mouth. Hence thos? who buy next December will pay $4.23. . . Sunday, afternoon a mass meeting will be )eld at the armory when the WESTERN UNION COMPANY ACCUSED OF Charged Telegraphic Rates On "Night Letters" Carried On Railroad Trains ' Washington, June 20.--Thn govern ment today arrested, five Western Union messengers in Washington Baltimore, Philadelphia. New York and Boston, se curing evidence to support a charge thatj Hie Western Union was operating in illegal competition With the postoffics and in fraud of the postal revenue laws ly delivering night letters and messages via trains. Tt is alleged that the Wastern Union has been accepting so-cajlcd "night 'elreis" for filing by wire, charging wire rates and then delivering them by messenger ' between these five large cities. Thousands of these letters have been delivered "via sultcasesr instead of wire" nightly for weeks, it is 8tat ed. The Western Union has been getting ten times as much as the postpffice de pat linent for the samo service, officials pointed out. The night letter rate from Washington to Baltimor) is 25 cents, plus a five cent war tax. The postage on a letter making the same trip on the train is three cents. Five Western Union messengers were arrested by Postoffico department in spectors for carrying telegrams and night letters on Mains betwen tlie cities in which tho raids were conducted, the men were releasd on bonds. Cliargs of "defrauding the publie and FIRST WAR BABY AROUSES INTEREST OF I'lANKSALEH PEOPLE Edgar McCkre Rowland Is ; Lusty Infant Has Many v : Immediate Relatives When the announcement was made that the Fathers and Mothers club of Salem had adopted the first war baby, the son of Mr. and Mrs. Edgar M. How laud,' several kind hearted women were greatly worried over the fact that hav ing been adopted -by a club, the dear baby would of course be distributed among his admiring friends from time to time. 'And such was the interest taken in the first war baby that quite number of women volunteered to adopt the baby themselves, rather than to have him passed around, on the supposition of course", that the. baby was not properly cared for in the way of parents, grand parents, great grand parents and the like. In order . to relieve those who" felt that a war baby should not be passed around among the Fathers and Moth ers club, it may be said that Edgar McClure Rowland, Jr., one month old today, is not only W good health but that he is enjoying about as many so licitots relatives as the average infant of that ago. This firt war babv'wss beta to Mr. and Mrs. Edgar M. Rowland May 20, (Continued on page two - (workers will receive their final in jatructions and when a meeting will be held in order that the public may become fully informed regarding the icamoaien. -f In order that the city may be thor oughly cauvassed beginning next Mon day, 30 working teams have been ap- (Continued on page eight) May Incriminate Government Employes Washineton, June 20 Evidence is ,in the hands of tho justice department i which may incriminate government employes and more army officers in tne nation wide war contra, scanoai. The department has cede telegrams known to have passed between contin gent fee agents and dopaniment em ployes; and others between politicians and their agents. The extent of tho contingent fee practice here was fuither disclosed with 'the discovery of one 'brokerage firm which handled such contracts siuee October last, to an aggregate of $10,000,000. Anifther got war orders on which tho contingent fee wasrflOO, (W0. ILLEGAL ACTS infringing on the government's mono poly of carrying first class matter," will W brought against the Western Union Telegraph company through Unit ed State's district attorneys, the postof- n&e department announced. The penalty for each offense involves a fine of $o00. Tho postoffice inspection department announced that it has "-abundant evi dence and has been keeping watch on these movement for some time back." This is taken to mean that the depart ment has sufficient proot to run the Western Union company's fines," if guilt is established, into many (l ous ands of dollars. . The department also announced it is assumed these movement J have been go ing on all over the country where train trips do not take more than five ol eight hours and that they are checking up on scores or cities now. The messengers arrested today all cat ricd brwf cases filled with night let ters and telegrams dated yestorday and prepared to look as if they had been taken from the wires at tho receiving cities,, it is stated. The method of operation, according to (Continued on page three) Germany and Austria Have Troubles at Home Amsterdam, June 20. Cav alry regiments have been rush-, ed to Vienna Iv-hero extremely violent bread riots have brok en out, according to advices from German sources today. The mobs or reported to have stoned' Premier Von tieyd lcr's residence and to have plundered Ibakeries. Establish ment of martial law is declar ed likely. The burgomaster has declin ed to guarantee a return to ardor, (hig demand for Idried. vegetables to make up for tho lack of bread having been re fused by government officials. Demand Speedy Peaco Amsterdam, June 20. The Vienna labor council has pass ed a resolution declaring that a substantial, lasting improve ment in the food .situation is impowible during the war and demanding a speedy, general peace, it was learned here to day. At the same time, the city council adopted a resolution energetically protesting ajjaiiitft reduction of the broad ration. ' . Demonsaation in Berlin London, Jun 20. Heavily censored private messages indi-' cate there have been great peace demonstrations in Berlin,' Cologne and Hamburg- recently,' according to a Stwkhohn rie-. patch published in the Post. : Military police dispersed the crowds, killing several work men and arresting others. - ; ' Oeneral Strike Brewing Zurich, June 20. There is enormous feeling in Vienna re garding reduction of the bread, ration, according to dispatches' received here. : . What is practically a general strike is said to be formulating in Vienna and Neustadt. The trouble is spreading to the pro? inces. " 1TALIW1 COUNTER ATTACK ALL AUG PIAVE RIVER LINE Capture Over Nine Thousand Prisoners and Retake ' Ground RIVER IS FLOODED CUTTING OFF INVADERS Austrians Drop Great Number of Poisonous Sheas On Back Areas London, Juna 20. Italian forces are now counter attacking at vrions points along the whoU fUra river line, it was authoritatively learned, today. un the middle Piav the Italians -ave drifl:m forward to the west' bank oi tne river, splitting the Austrian forces In that rearion and rollinir than back to the north and south. The enemy detachments on the low er Piave have been push,! back un til now they hold only a third of their qriginal advance toward Venice. The Italians also made further slight gains at Nerves, in the Montello re gion. An unusual Dhase of thn Austrian of fensive is the oupture of 9000 prison ers, announced by the Italian war of fice Tuis ls regarded a unique in de fensive fighting. The situation today, aa ta.H..oid by the latest official reports, was re garded as continuing favorably for te Italians. The fighting in the mountain region (Continued on page three) jiHiiiiiKMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiininniuiiiNiiitiiiiiiiniiiiiuuiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiimii War Summary of United Press i iiiiiiiiitiiiiiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitniiuiiiiiiiii I 1418th Day of the War; 92nd Day of the Big Offensive siiiiiiiiiiiiimimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiihiS Italian Front. The situation becomes moro favorablo to the allies. Added to desperate resistance, which has pre vented the Austrians attaining a sin gle major objective, ,h,?avy rains havo swollen theO Piave river and cut off large force, of the enemy. Pieardy .Front. Balding and artillery activity increased from the fiomtiM northward to the Lens sector. Tho sit uation is assuming the same aspect as that which always has preceded a Ger man drive. Flanders Front. Hanw conditions pre vail as on tho Pieardy front, leading to tho belief that S gigantic drive is imminent, which' may include both areas. Oise Front. French detachments pen ctrat."d German positions and tiwk pris oners at various points between Mont didier and Oise. Germany. Peaco demonstrations In Berlin, Cologne and Hamburg resulted in sevCTal civilians being killed and others arrested by tho military police, CASUALTY LIST HAS 73 NAMES 36 DEAD 17 KILLED IN ACTION 32 Severely Wounded, 4 De gree Undetermined and One Is Missing , Washington. June 20-The war .de partment today announced a casualty jisj of 711 names, divided as follows: , Kilicil "iii action, 17;' died of ' wounds 9; died of disease, 7; died of airplane iccide'uf, '2; died of accident or' other causes, 1; wounded severely, 32; wound ed, degree undetermined, 4; missing is action, 1. The list follows: . Killed in action: Lieutenants H. L, Eddy, New Britain, Conn. J. P. Galloway, Newburgh, N. Y. Corporals J. C. Brown, Atrants, Kan.' O. D, Dole, Nw Haven, Conn. ' J. H. Owner, Mattoon, Wis. Wagoner J. T. Cassidy, Provideiiee, H. I- Mechanic R. T. Hanson, Shell Lake, Wisconsin. V (Continued on page eight) DRAFT 18 T045 IS THE NEW LIMIT BAKER III f AVOR Congress Will Probably Frame New Legislation With These limits " -j HEAVY CRAFT CALLS WILL COME NEXT MONTH Later Li Question of Trans portation May Force Slow Uofci Calls Washington, June 20. A war de partment bill changing the draft ages; will be presented at this session of congress, Kaprcseatative Juliug Kahn. ranking republican member of the house military affairs committee, de clared today. Kahn said that in spite of the war department's apparent pass ivity with respect to chaneinsr 1 the j ages, the measure is receiving the most carerui consmoiatiom among official. Kahn today .came out strongly against lowering tilie eg limit below 21 years. Experiences of the allies has: shown, 'he said, that the boys from 18 to 21 are not the best soldiers. He fav ors a limit of 21 to 45. It was learned today that the om ing discussion of 'the draft act amend ments is to be seized by some members as nn opportunity to present other amendments to cure what they term inequalities and unfairness in the op eration of the law. Any attempt, how ever, to change the law in any way exenpt as to ages will fo; vigorously (Continued on page three) j according to heavily censored dispatches receivea m BtocKholm, Austria-Hungary. Various organisa tions openly opopsc reduction of th bread ration and demand peace.- :. Ukraine. The anti-German revolu tion in Kieff is fproading into the pro vinces to the eastward. - United States. TliP state department' asked the Spanish embassy to Investi gate the reported Turkish attack on ttv American consulate and hospital at Tabriz, Persia! This is believed to pre j sage a declaration of war. Wants City Clerk , to Find His Sweetheart Hringing together long km lovers i part of tho duty of the eity elerk, ac- w.-. I-!.,,. t .1.- . . !!..! iiMiiug iv tut. aitt-an ut uiau uviug m soulhern Cahtorniai by the name of II. A. James. Ho writes City Re corder Earl Rate tho following plead ing letter: "I would very niuch appreciate your perhaps helping me in the following unusual matter. '. " "I wish you would find out If there is a Buchanan family in your city, one 'member of which is named 'Carol. 1 understand she had sisters in 'Idaho -and Washington a'ites (mar ried) and other relatives In your state, aunts.- uncles, etc. "I met the young lady nearly three years ago in Ban iFranc-iscoi when she was on tho stage under the name of Cleo Ward and by December IS I had begun to think highly of her- It seems the lady thonght well of me also. "A misunderstanding arose which X have been for nearly three years, try ing to cleaiyup as it means much to me. Please do your best in this. If you locato the young lady, sec if she will give me her address. "P. S. 1 wish to add that my mo tives in the matter are thoroughly proper ." President Will Enforce Licensing of Stock Yards Chicago, .June 20. Licensing of stock yards under .President Wilson's proclamation today was regarded by livestock men here a a natural mo following the licensing of packing houses several months ago. ' Ktockyards officials ' believed th action 'jras designed to give the gov ernment mora direct control of the machinery of livestock handling, per mitting qorretdtitfai of possible trou ble without red tape. No changes im management were expected. The mov) bad been eipeotsd.