CHABLES H." FISHXB Editor and Publiihet uoria I Ft I J age o y- y - fTh iM!injit;!M e Capita IF n J ourncii MONDAY EVENING June 17, 1913 1F?!WM flMSiM PUBLISHED EVERT EVEKINO EXCEPT SUNDAY, SALEM, OREGON. BI Capital Journal Ptg. Co,, Inc. b. 8. BARKER, lrstlmt CHAS. B. FISHER, Vice-Praaldent DOEA C. ANDRESEN, 8ec. and Til. UP TO CITY DWELLERS SUBSCRIPTION BATES Dally by earrtar, Pf rr $5.00 Per Month 45e van? by man, per year a-uv r atoms ouc FULL LEASED WIRE TELEURAI'II REPORT ' EASTERN REPRESENTATIVES D. Ward, New York, Tribune Building Chicago, W. B. 8torkwIl, Peaplt's Oat Building To Capital Journal carrier boys are Instructed to put the papera oa the porch. If tbe earrier doea not do tbia. miasea you, or nei(lecta fretting tbe paper to you on time, fcladly phone the circulation maaiigrr, ai tbia la tbe only way we can determine whether r nut tbe carriers are following Instructiuna Phone tlaln Ht before T :30 o'clock and a paper will be aent you by apetlal mtMaenger If the carrier baa oilseed you. THE DAILY CAPITAL JOURNAL la the only newspaper In Salem wboee clrculntion ia guaranteed by the Audit Bureau of Circulations. MUST CONSERVE FOR SAFETY With, as is estimated, a billion bushel wheat crop, America will be in shape to feed her allies and her armies all right, and this without going on a wheatless basis after the new crop is available. This country requires about '400,000,000 bushels of wheat for all purposes including seed. Placing this year's crop below the present estimate, or at 1)00,000,000 bushels, this would leave us over and above our own needs 500,000,000 bushels for export. Al lowing 100,000,000 bushels for seed and reducing the Anlerican consumption to one-fourth the normal would increase the quantity available for export in round num bers, to 700,000,000 bushels. The population of England, France and Italy totals about 12:5,000,000. It will be seen from this that with a 700,000,000 bushel surplus crop we could send to each of the above named countries five 1 ushels of wheat for each person &n4 have nearly 100, 000,000 bushels to help out the neutral countries. This is more wheat than those countries consume under normal conditions, and hence with conservation as the hasis and Americans using one-fourth of normal, would leave a handsome surplus after our allies are fully sup: plied. This surplus it will be well to accumulate, and more with it if possible, for 1919 may be a lean year and make demands on us we might be able to meet. One more year should see the situation permanently improved, for . m i i 1 t 11 1 . 1 Al by tnat time tnere snouia oe sucn an increase in me mercantile fleet as to permit the shipping of Argentine, Australian and Indian wheat to the world's markets. Argentine has a big surplus of wheat now, and should itdd largely to it this year. There never has been a short age of wheat since the war started, only a shortage of ships to carry it to the . markets where it is wanted. However the only plan is to play dead safe by conserv ing wheat products while we have them, and taking no chances. '' It is claimed a large part of the Hood River straw berry crop was lost through scarcity of pickers. This is indeed a misfortune, and city folks will be the ones to feel the loss of such crops, for the folks in Hood River and other places where the berries are grown no doubt put up enough for their own use. City folks had better wake up to the fact that if they refuse to help harvest the crops they are likely to go hungry. Th3 farmer has done his part in growing the crop and harvesting such of it as he can. He will keep enough f dr himself and his family and the city dweller is the fellow who will have to go hungry if anyone does. Not a pound-of food stuffs should be allowed to go to waste for lack of help to harvest it If we cannot go to the front it is oar duty to do anything and everything we can to take care of the crops and to see to it that there is plenty not only for our boys in France, but for our allies and for the families and folks of the soldier boys. While the Prussian officers wTere encouraeinor the fraternizine of their soldiers with those of Russia before '.ad timo for only. a fcw words b?ff' ,i 1. ,i i . . . . . . . lne r"t came and rne collapse or. tne KerensKi government, they looked at only one side of the movement. The idea was to make the Russian soldier discontented with his government and thus cause its downfall. The scheme worked all right, but at the same time the Prussian soldier was learning many J.1 A il. 1 1 1 t I 1 .1 1. inings as 10 me DoisneviKi movement ana me result is that while the Prussians, afflicted with political smallpox, so to speak, were. exposing the Russians to it, most of them were at the same time exposed to the bolsheviki itchski, and contracted it The result is that these sol diers returning to Germany and being converted are preaching these doctrines to their own people, and ap parently witn a measure ot success that is at least an noying to their officers and the kaiser's government. t The Woman Who Changed ; By JANE PHELPS THE PORTRAIT IS HUNG. CHAPTER CVL Without saying anything to me George invited Madge Loring auil her husband, also Julia Collins to come and spend the evening. To see the picture, When he told mo at dinner I started to speak sharplv, then caught myself and said: "Shall We have a little sup per prepared f" les, have something nice." Yet me see, thero will be just six Madge and her husband, you and Mrs i Collins, Mr. Gray and myself. I will tell Mary." I had purposely pairci' him off with Mrs. Collins. Merton cam- first. H was so Tin- affectedly glad to see me, that I re sponded more warmly than was wisa perhaps. George had not yet come down stairs so 1 received hini alone. But we LITTLE TALKS ON THRIFT Br S. W.STRAUS Prtsidat Amtrkan SkvQ Jtr Thrift : ' " FOOD SHARPS MUST WAKE UP It is charmingly frank, the admission of Food Adminis- Henry Ford has decided to enter the senate, for with the nomination on one or both tickets he will be certain of election. To the man who keeps in touch with public services, putting rord in the senate is a grave mistake. He is too valuable a man to the country in the industrial service to be lost among the human phonographs in the senate. Ford will chafe his life out over the dilatoriness he will meet everywhere in the senate, because he is used to doing things off-hand and without countless precious days being wasted in silly discussion of an admitted necessity. If he can inject some of , his own direct methods into the conducting of senatorial business his loss to the industrial world would be in part compensated. Jermiah O'Leary, Irish agitator and paid German agent in this country, is now on his way to prison, and if turned over to Great Britain will be hanged as he richly deserves to be. O'Leary will be remembered as presidnt of a pro-German organization known as the American the big corporations have disposed of the big stocks they laid in at hicrh nrices." At the same time it looks as though the administrator was standing in with the big firms to prevent them losing any money on their specula tive venture. That is what it was, the big firms buying with the expectation of prices going higher than they are or were, and as the big fellows out guessed themselves to some degree the intention apparently is to help them out of the hole. It is a good thing for them but it is mak ing the consumer pay the price. However there is no disposition to kick against this, but the big fellows want to be charv about doinff anv speculating in food stuffs hereafter, for they are liable to ba left holding the sack, with Uncle Sam fixing prices on substitutes as well as on the articles for which they are substituted. Consumers are paving much higher prices for substitutes than they would have to pay for the wheat products, and it is dif ficult for them to understand why corn products should cost them more than those of. wheat when the latter is almost double the former in price in the grain. We are in this war to win and will make any and all sacrifices necessary to do it, but while doing this the food adminis tration wants to get a move on and see to it that no per son or firm is getting rich off the people's sacrifices. Marconi signalled the letter "S" from England to New Foundland, December 12, 1901. That was the first wire less intelligence sent a cross the Atlantic. The discovery has come into universal use in the sixteen years since, and not only the "S" is sent, but the S. O. S. is of daily occur rence from all sections of the ocean these days. The unconquerable spirit of the French is shown in their precautionary steps providing for the civil evacua tion, of Paris.-should it become necessary. They might lose their city, but if so will not even consider any other proposition than a fight to a finish, and resistance to the end, . , - LADD & BUSH, Bankers ALL THE THIRD LIBERTY BONDS ARE NOW HERE. THOSE INTERESTED PLEASE CALL i AT THE BANK campaign in the support of Hughes aid the villification of Wilson. The president, not long before election, on re ceipt of an insulting, threatening telegram from OLeary said in answer that he did not want the votes of men such as he and would not consider it an honor to be' elected by them. . ' ' : : Austria has liberated the Poles, and thus offered them an opportunity to join her armies and help turn the country over to the kaiser definitely by overcoming his enemies, but if she only knew it, Austria's friends. History tells us "the reformation began in Germany in 15 7." Considering the length of time it has been going on it would seem that it has not traveled fast or gone far, for it is a long ways from complete. Rippling Rhymes by Wall Mason DIGGING UP Oh, chee, it is a splendid thing to see our hard-earned scads take wing! We're called on, every week or four, to dig up coin, and then some more, to buy some bonds, or help Red Cross, and joyfully we dig the dross. With other causes growing lax, we're asked to pony up a tax, or help the Belgians 'or the Serbs, or buy the starving Russ some herbs. We used to snarl like Thomas Cat, when some one came and passed the hat; we'd frown and make a nasty speech about the daughter of th'j leech. But now we t spring no snarls or groans when we are asked to shed the bones. We die ud all the plunks on hand' and say, "The cause is truly erand. ind we must bitterly regret we can't do more, already yet" Our dollars are no longer gods; we find it great to slip our wads. Of course some tightwads still survive, but they're ashamed that they're alive. No longer do they strut iji pride because they've fortunes multiplied; they see in every' glance disdain, and every hour brings them a pain. Their ranks grow smaller every day; they learn to shoo the wealth away. Great James! It is a noble thingf.to see the treasured scads take wings, to have the vanish from our view, and think of all the good they'll do ! taaaaWM-tiMaHlB. nd George cam0 down to greet them. They mad a great fuss over the portrait, and really it was lovely Georgo seemed to proud of it, so anx ious that it ahould be hung so that every feature would show to the best advantage that I too commenced to feci a pi'idH in it. When it finally was hung to please Ueorge it was ten o'clock and we ad joumed to the dining room. The table was beautifully laid for six I had giv eu Mary careful instructions, and had also told James to be most particular I think they both understood that when these friends of my husband's were with us I was more anxious that every thing should go right than at any other time. A Repetition. "Madge and Loring, you and mc George, Mrs. Howard and Mr. Gray." Mrs. Collins said laughingly as we went out in couples. "That's exactly the speech Mrs. How ard made when I told her you were comhig," George returned. "tvidently they are both of th same mind as to who is who "Latham Lorinir said iu his cynical way. A way that al ways implied so much, and left me feel ing uncomfortable. "Yod mean as to trio- proper palrlns off," his wife added. "Don't try to blush Julia, wo all know you have been in love with Georgo for years! And an artist is always supposed to fall in love with his model, isn't he, Mr. Gray!" I believe so," Merton said so grave ly we ull laughed, then George said: "ion flatter me, Madge. Julia, you should have told me of this love you have hidden tor years." The light bandiage at which we all laughed took all serious meaning from what had been said. Yet I could not help but foel that Madge Loring real ly meant it, and that she had meant to hurt me. Afterward it often came to my mind; that spaech of hers when she had declared that Julia CoJlins had lov ed Georgo for years. I had felt from the very first that there was more than just friendship in her feeling for him and in his for liier. They left about midnight, all voting thex had had a lovely evening, even if it were informal. After they left George and I return ed to tlu) portrait. "It is lovely, Helen. I am very proud of it," Georgo said as we stood before it. "It flatters me." "No, I don't think so. You are very pretty, dear. If you take ths propor care of yourself, the proper exercise to keep your figure, you will be a very beautiful woman. But a good deal de pends en yourself." Evelyn Laughs at Helen. I told Evelyn what Mrs. Loring had said. "Old cat! I wouldn't mind her if I were you." "I can't help minding, Evelyn. I am young and uninteresting." some of the bitterness I felt crept into my voice in spite of my effort to speak carelessly "I am afraid I never shall be just as George wants me to be. And I so long to please him." "My what a dolorous voice. I do be Kev.9 you are just as mneli In lore with him as I am with Kurts, even if yon don't make so much fuss over him. And what difference does it make if Julia Collins is in love with him, as long as ho cares nothing for herf Merton Gray is madly in love with you. Has beven ever since h met you. But so long ai you don't love him in return it can't hurt either you or George." "Do be sensible, Evelyn. The idea that Mr. Gray cares for me is ridicul ous. Hp is a charming man, a good friend I hope, but nothing else." "I know better! He is really in love with you, Helen. Kurts say he has known him always, and that Merton never has really cared for any woman. I didn't tell Kurt that he was in love with you. Men are so Wind about those things, he never would dream of such a thing." "Thank God he is blind if he would think he saw anything but friendship" I snid so hastily she laughed merrily. (Tomorrow An Old Married Woman) OTJR DAILY STORY Soldiers who have been in the trenches testify to the ennobling ef fects of the battle field. The man who dares his life for a great ideal is a bet ter creature than ever he' could have been other wise. It is the soldier's sublime unselfishness that produces the uplifting effect In a modified way, those who re main at home will be uplifted through the same processes of unselfishness. The mothers and fathers and others who suffer the silent sorrows of sep aration from their boys are learning these great lessons. And through the practices of un selfishness in a less acute but none the less sincere manner, substantially all our citizens are being lifted to higher levels.- The tremendously popu lar success of the Third Liberty Loan and the widespread sale of the Thrift Stamps are splendid tributes to the unselfishness of the citizens of America. With many of us thrift is the only medium through which we can dis play our patriotism. We can not go to the battle fields of France, but in our daily life we can gain the rebirth of complete unselfishness. Thrift, always a sturdy virtue, whose, value has been well under stood by all succesful men and women, today assumes a new and finer aspect than ever before. In the days of peace those of us who were thrifty practiced it because of selfish motives. We knew it was the best thing for us; we knew it would bring success and happiness. Today we are practicing a finer, grander thrift. We are sacrificing for our country. We are denying ourselves and putting up with priva tions and hardships, not because of any personal motives but because we know that onr country needs all the hdji.we can give. Selfish thrift h commendabte, but the thrift of unselfish patriotism is sublime. And because millions upon millions of us have become thrifty who never knew the value of this virtue before, the war is making a new nation of us. It is giving us a national soul that we never had before. It is a process of nation wide in dividual regeneration through thrift And in the days that shall1 come after the war it will stand us well in hand just as it is doing today. TJPSCH AND DOWNSCH. The firm of X'psch and Downsch. pat ent cigar lighter manufacturers, was worried. As today's story opens, the senior members, rartleigh Vpseh and ITalfweigh Donwsch, were talking thing? over. "I dont' know how it Is, TTpsch I can't explain it," said Downsch, 'but thore don't seem to be no call in the market for U. and D. cigar lighters, while that fellow Rizband manages to sell his lighters at the rate of millions a year. And yet, Upsch, wo spend hund reds of thousands a mouth iu advertis ing." b'pseli nodded gloomily. ' ' There ain 't a street car in the world without our ad. in it." he said. "There liii't a mile of ground iu the country that ain't got our name painted oa a ienc or a house or a rock somewheres on it. And yet our lighter don 'f seem to take, somehow, while that little nobody Kizhand, as you say, DownscH, has got everything his own way. How is that Downsch, what's the reasont" Downsch merely eroaned desDairinclv. and for a littl while nothing could be heard save the heavy sighs of tlw two partners. Finally Upsch resumtd: JJO you think. Downsch do vm think it could be because that fvillow Bizband's lighters work every time, while as for our lighters, they just sntell of sulphur instead of lighting, and the nickel turns green and comes off on your hands, and sometimes they explode in your pocket and other tiines they don't explode till you try to work 'em. Do you think that can have anything to do with it, Downscht" "I wonder!" said Downsch thought fully. But they finally decided to try add ing another million a month for adver- A CHANCE FOB SMOKE Seattlo, Wash-, June 15. Sounds fishy, but it's an honest to goodness fact. Ed Tobacco and Second Tobacco, from Durham, Wash., walked into Bed Cross headquarters here yesterday and signed up for full membership. Five minutes later Mrs. Orta Smoke, from. Kaglo Gorge, Wash., fluttered in. Mrs. Smoke i8 superintendent of Bed Cross distribution there. TWO ARE OFF COAST Now York, June 15. Two enemy sub marines are still off the Virginia capes, acordimr to marine information I here today. The British steamer Anchor was shelled by a U-boat in those wat ers Thursday, but escapefl. On the ev ening of that day the British freight er Koamun was attacked, also escaping- . 36,436 BUILD SHIPS. Portland. Ore., June 13. Figures an nounced today show that 36,436 men are employed in tho shipyards of the Oregon district. This is an advanca of 4,436 over figures announced recent ly. With additions due soon the num ber will advance with bounds. It is estimated the shipbuilders pay roll amounts to $41,925,000 annually in this district. YOUR HEALTH By ANDREW F. CURRIER, M. D. Pre-natal Instruction of Mothers. Pre-Natal Imtructlon of Mothers. We have only begun to consider the question of dlseaso as the re sult of the terrible war in which all the world is now engaged, i We see how it has not only slaughtered millions of men, but baa depopulated country after coun try. We can as yet scarcely realize the ghastly effect it has had upon com munities where the civil popula tion Is worn and weakened with woe and anxiety, and where there Is, and will continue to be, hunger, thirst and nakedness. ' Is there any power In medicine or sanitation which will stay It? Will there be doctors and grave diggers enough to go around? The mind reels at the prospect The men who are being killed and Invalided are the virile, the active, the reproducers. I But suppose there was a chance for reproduction; the women are filled to the brim with hatred, bit terness, with suffering of every de scriptionwhat is the chance for their unborn offspring? What will be their Inevitable In heritance, physically and mentally? Only recently has the Importance ot ' Instructing expectant mothers In the hygiene of pregnancy been rec ognized as part of the duty ot the Health Department What duty could more positively he paramount? No observant farm er needs to be told that bis stock will bear better offspring if they are well cared for when pregnant than If they are negloct'.-d or abused. Why should there be a different result when the pregnant female Is a woman? From the moment a woman en ters the pregnant state, she enters a new condition of being, physio logical. It is true, but as liable to mishaps and derangement as tbe performance ot any other function digestion or assimilation, for In stance. The mother shares her blood cup rent with . her unborn child,, and whatever it eon tains is contributed to the child's life. 1 An unhealthy mother' In body, mind, or morals, cannot help im pressing upon her child more or less of her peculiarities. Wherefore, disease or emotional shock, or strain, of any kind, is quickly communicated to her child, often with a fatal result. A pregnant woman should realize not only that she is carrying a child which is going to belong to her, but also to the state and to the world. If she has this feeling, she will try very hard to take proper care) of herself. - At her dally task she will spare, herself as much as possible for the sake of her child; she will eat food that can be readily digested so that her child will have Its proper share; she will try to get plenty ot sleep; she will try to avoid worry, and exposure to wet and cold; she) will not give way to anger, fear and hatred; and she will often con sider that she Is the only protected her child can have while she Is carrying him within her body. If women would realize this sacred trust how much more they would get from this most beautiful of all physiological conditions, and they would bring Into the world' children who would not be handi capped by an Inheritance which would cripple them more or less for life. Pitiable, indeed, is the lot of the war baby, with all that Is Included in the thought; and how thankful American women, who are preg nant should be that they have been spared many ot the Ills which their less fortunate sisters, abroad, have had to heart Questions and Answers XJt. It it pmtiblt to curt 4 fibroid tumor of the abdomen, ly meant of J-roysT Antwerl think I may say quit positively that it Is not. The only successful way of treating them, as I have found in a long surgical ex perience, is by remoTing them. Urn. C. EL V. It rheumatism omcrime referred t at "ormtHnsr Awer-Tt ts possible; but it that is the ease, it la Incorrect I -doubt It there is any such thing as "growing palna,"