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FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 140 '
SALEM, OREGON, SATURDAY, JUNE 15, 1918
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND XEWS
STANDS FIVE CENTS
Iff- ill i 4W :i
IUSTR1A REPORTED IN THROES OF A
Germans Start Offensive Op
erations Agab Against
Austrians Begin Artillery Bat-
tie ia Italy-May
Austrians. in Revolt
London, June 15. A report that a
revolution had broken out In Austria
with serious riot'ng in Vienna, -was
confined in a dispatch to the Central
. . (News today from Amsterdam. The dis
patch declared the infonnattou was re
4 q-ivei from the German frontier.
The dispatch brought no details of
ths reported revolt. It declared that
meetings in favor of stopping the pres
ent fighting at the war fronts are be
ing held In Hungary.
Austrian shas are declared to have
slumped heavily on the Amsterdam ex
London, June IS. Germany is in
creasing its force in the Pskoff region
according to an undated dispatch from
., 'Moscow received today.
General Koruiloff wjth his allied
Caucasian forces is reported to be ad
vancing and has cvrnpied Ekaterino
tfar, Grusogei and Peitrovsk.
A political strike has been org&niz
"d against the Soviets in Kioff.
The central executive committee has
siinviwoned a fifth convention of soviet
members for June 28.
Russia and Ukraine
Aiinstordnun, June .15. The provis
ional treaty fdgned by Knssia and
'Ukraine prcvlde for cessation cf hos
tilities and the willingness of both to
'enter peace negotiations, according to
advices received here today.
Start Fight in Italy
Rome, June 15 A sudden intensifi
cation of Austrian artillery fire from
Jjagarina valley to the sea began at
riawn today, the war office announced
(Continued on page sis.)
SALEM WAS THERETO"
HONOR ITS LARGEST
Fine Program Rendered and
Splendid Address Made
The graduating class of the Salem
High school appearing last evening bo
fore the largest crowd that ever assem
bled at the armory for its commence
ment exercises is a class that believes in
not only high school education but in
the higher education as offered by the
universities and colleges ef the west.
: Principal J. C. Kelson in introducing
the class stated last evening that of the.
147 graduates, 104 have decided to con
tinue their studies this fall. -
The" exercises were rather unique io
one respect "and that was in the oration
of Hermogenes Carbonell, a Filipino
youth, who was given a place on the
program for his excellent record in
scholarship. He spoke on "The Mission
of the Filipino Youth."
Phillips Elliott, elected by the class
as its representative for the evening,
delivered an oration on "The GoIdeuits leadership in the great eause of
note Among nations.-- ine young man
is a forceful and convincing speaker
nnd r.?t forth clearly his ideas that the
Tpf!".fiee of th? golden rule would soon
- be in force between nations as well as
individuals.. Acts of kindness he
thought would do more than diplomacy
and also expressed the ida that as long
a this war was bound to come, we
ftirvubl.aH be glad that it .came when
(Continued on page six)
San Francisco, June 15, Nw
and drastic restrictions on sugar
consumption were announced
today ' ) United States food
admini u, . on. The restrictions
? immediately thru-
out th " itry.
Groc, I -,ve been notified not
11, than two pounds of
r a ;-.iie to city and town
to a b
five pounds in the
f is Sales to hotels,
' ses, camps, ranches,
'3 confined strictly
three pounds per
rrittli. Not more than
"ply mav be deliver
ed at one timei
Sugar for cauuiug and pre
serving may Iv? obtained in 25
pound lots on a written stae
ment from tho buyer that it is
to be used for that purpose only.
London, Juae IS. British cas
ualties published .during the
week ending today totalled 33,
892. They were divided as fol
lows: Officers killed 250; wounded
771; missing, 301; total, 1,327.
Men, killed, 4,2008; wounded,
16,645; missing, ll,712;'total 32,
505. Total killed 4,463; wounded,
17,116; missing, 12,013; total,
THREE DIVERS SUNK.
Wellesley, Mass., June 15.
Three submarines were sunk by
a troop ship convoy on a recent
trip overseas, according to let
ters received here today from .
members of a Wellesley College
unit, who were aboard one of the
steamers. - ,
TELEGRAPH TROUBLES OVER
Now York, June 15. Officials of the
Postal Telegraph company consider its
recent difference with members of the
Commercial Telegraphers Union a clos
ed incident so far as the company is
concerned, it was announced today at
the office, of Vice president Reynolds.
OIL TANKS BURNED
Ranger. Texas, June 15. The Brew
er oil well, near Ranger, caught fire
today and the receiving tanks were de-
stroyed, according to reports here.
Three men were reported fatally
burned. , '
MS, EDDT FOY DEAD
New York, June 15. Mrs. Eddy
Foy, wife of the comedian is dead here
following an operation.
WILL INSIST UPON
AN EIGHT HOUR DAY
Federation Resolves To Do AO
It Can To Prevent Hamper
ing War Operations
St. Paul, Minn., June 14. A basic
eight hour work day during the war
period will be insisted upon by organ-
ized labor. Resolutions
this principle were unanimously passed
today by the convention of the Amer
ican Federation of Labor.
After a half hour's debate the con
vention voted down a resolution pro
viding for two women members in the
It also refused to give the executive
council the right to select the annual
convention city. This right remain
with the convention.
In observance of Flag day, the con
vention rose to its feet as President
"In honor of the flftg of the republie
of the United States, the delegates and
visitors to this convention stand in
fealty and loyalty and ia the hope of
Humanity and justice and freedom."
Referring to the eignt hour day, the
federation resolution as passed, reads:
"Our country is engaged in a terrible
struggle. While we do not like to
acknowledge that there are people who
take advantage of this for financial
gain, it is nevertheless '.rue.
"To their shai.ie, ther.i are business
men, who under th: guise of patriotism,
(Continned on page three)
GERMAN FLEET ACTIVE
MAY RISK ENCOUNTER
Buzz Back and Forth In Locked in Harbor and Wireless
' Messages Fill the Air Hindenburg Urging Sea At
tack, and It Is Possible the Navy May Be Worked Up
To Point of Fighting Is Desperate and Final Resort
By Carl D. Groat
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Washington, June 15. The German
fleet is sending out alarms, two and
three times a week and nonietim.es of
teuer, intending to worry the American
allied fleet t B belief that the Teutons
are coming out to battle.
With a great clatter of wireless, the
big ships buzz back and forth in the
locked-in harbor. Orders, indicating
preparations for a dasii, snap out orar a
considerable period. The American allied
fleet picks these up and can distinguish
between the signals of battleships and
Th,"sV facts developed from an offi
cial source today. '
The result of these consent alarms
is to keep the watchers keyed up to an
expectant prepared pitch.
American craft now operating in Eu
ropean waters will play an important
pari if any 'sea action does eventually
develop. Hiudenbuig is understood to be
still pressing his colleagues to under
take a sea offensive as the back for his
land efforts. It is recognized that such
an attempt by the German fleet would
probably indicate a last despcrato gam
Th? United State and Britain are
progressing favorably with anti-submarine
The confidential list of known 'gets';
probable sinkings and possible sinkings
ADVANCE PAPER'S PRICES.
Chicago, June 15. The Chicago Tri
bune and hicago Herald Examiner an
nounced today that their Sunday edir
tions hereafter will sell for seven cents
in hicago and ten cents elsewhere. The
Chicago price heretofore has been five
AGREEMENT MADE WITH GREAT BRITAIN
REGARDING THE WAR DRAFT EXEMPTIONS
Irish and Australians Exempt
ed HereEngland Follows
Our Draft Law
THE BRITISH AMERICAN
Exempts Irishmen and Aus
tralians in the United States
from application of the draft.
Makes British and Canadians
in the United States between
20 and 44 years of age. sub
ject to draft unless they enlist.
Makes American subjects in
Great Britain and Canada, be
tween 21 and 31 years of age
subject to draft unless they en
list. Provides that in event , of fu-
ture extension of the draft
laws in either country, its new
provisions shall be respected .
by both nations.
Washington, June 15. Irish and
Australians in this country are ex
empted and only Americans between
the ages of 21 and 31 are subjected
to draft in Great Britain and Canada,
.under the British-American military
convention now awaiting
by the United States senate.
Details of the treaty which became
known today, disclosed that it requir
ed a formal exchange of -notes between
the United States and Oreat Britain
to settle questions relating to applica
tion of Americas draft age limits to
Americans in Great Britain and Can-
. (Continued on page three)
One Killed, Three Hart
In Tunnel Accident
Grants Pass, Or., June 15. One man
was killed and three were injured early
today by a cave-in of the natural tun
nel number nine of the Bout!. era Pa
cific railroad at the head of Horse Shoe
curve midway between Wolf Creek and
The men were members of the tunnel
gang. They are:
Dead: E. N. Pettit, foreman.
Injured: E. 8. Lewman, Fred Hextoi
and Frank B. Chenoweth.
The tunnel is half a mile long ami
has a natural rock roof. The canse fo
the cave-in i unknown. Trains were i
layed two hours. .
on file with the navy department shows
au increasing number of tbe first class
Tho boldness of U-boat operations off
th? American coast is cause for some
anxiety, but the roundup operations arc,
believed likely to be eventually success
ful. The latest. ship to be attacked, the
Britisher Keemun, was -docked today,
and navy officers intended to gathei
data which may prove valuable In the
His Song WHI Never
"float Into Speech"
Portland, Ore,, June 15. A Mis
souri mule here today tried to give
voice to the glorious volume of sound .
featuring his bray, but failed dismally. I
All that resulted was n iguominous j
The disconcerted mule was the vic
tim of a frame-up by the veterinarians
of the northwest. At the convention of
veterinarians from Idaho. Washing
ton and Oregon it was decided to re
move the bray of a mule, and this
"show me" animal was shown.'
A partition of eartilage in tbe nose,
which formed a vibrating air pocket,
was removed by a simple operation.
If the bray 'should return, it may be
necessary to sever the muscles that
raise the tail.
Caesar learned by tying down a
mule's tail, the bray was1 prevented,
but Caesar failed to make the thing
TO WARN OP AID RAIDS.
' -tr - :
'"New York, June IS.-Additioual si
rens for wnmitlfr in phoa nf oil rnirlfl
were erected here today. They have!ara provided partly by
carryiug power of from two to three
25 OF THESE DEATHS
63 MARIS PUT OUT
One Portland Manr Conrad
Nelson Among the Severe
Washington, June 15. The war de
partment casualty list contained 88
names today divided as follows:
Killed in action eight; ton dead from
wounds; six dead from disease; one
dead from accident; fifty two severely
wounded; four wounded, degree unde
termined. Captain Jewctt Williams, Athena, Ga
(Continued on page seven)
- Wkta a speaker- lays bis watch on
th table before him prepare fer th'
worst. It's a wise father that knows
jhis own daughter when he meets her on
I'th street. . . , .. , .
PUMICE STONE SHIPS.
San Francisco, June 15. Why
waste noo& and steel to clean
tha kaiser when pumice stone Is
That's the question a group of
New York and San Francisco
capitalists considered, it was de
clared here today and then de
cided to mobilize the output of
Mount Lassen and build pumice
Two models already have been
built and are claimed to surpass
eoncrcte in several ways. They
now propose to build a fleet of
scour the seas.
Speculation In Wheat
WillJ&t Be Mowed
St. Paul, Minn., June 15. Specula
tion in wheat will not be penffitted un
der 1918 regulations of the food ad
ministration, according to a reply by the
food administration to a telegraphic
query by Editor H. B. H. Briggs, of St,
Paul News. The reply Indicated wheat
speculation will not be permitted at auy
time during the war. Bulletins of the
northwest division of the milling div
ision hera had indicated wheat might
go back to the exchanges, governed
only by a fixed minimum price.
SALtM WILL HELP TO
'Mrs. Lord Chairman of
Branch here, Explains Ob
ject of Society
Salem was highly honored in tho vis
it of Mrs. Vernon -Kellogg Thursday
evening, whose presence here was ar
ranged by the "Oregon committee for
relief of children in Belgium snd
France ' ' The Belgian government is
endeavoring' to eave the tubercular chi I
drcn, 30 per cent of whom are already
affected with thin disease. The funds
(Continued on page three)
Hindenburg Realizing Failure
of Campaign Is Growing
By J. W. T. Mason
(United Press War Expert)
New York, June 15. General Foch
has solved the new problems of defense
created by Von 'Hindenburg ' bloody
strategy of reckless attacks. The defeat
of the Germans before CompiJgnc means
primarily that Hindenburg can no lon
ger hope to make large gains in west
ern Franco without General Foch's con
tent. The channel ports havve been saved
at Compiegne. Hindenburg revealed all
his new tricks in the Compiegne drive
and could not advance. General Foch is
as fully prepared along tho Picardy
and Flanders fronts as he was between
Montdidier and Noyon. And Calais and
Boulogne are now as secure behind the
one line as Compiegne has prown itself
to be belaud the other.
The German effort to reach Com
pitgne contained all .lie essential mili
tary problems that must be involved in
auy new offensive having the" channel
ports as its objective. General Foch
imW knows the worst Hindenburg can
do when the clement of surprise is elim
inated from a German attack. A slight
gain in territory, at a terrific cost to
thn Germans in casualties, is the best
Hindenburg can hope for under this
The essential difference between the
German offensive toward the Marne
and the drive for Compigne is that the
former was a surprise and' the latter
was not. The surprise element in the
Marne advance was due to the necessary
concentration of allied forces in Picardy
and Flanders. This very concentration
now. makes it impossible that Hinden
burg can make an unexpected attack
anywhere along the line protecting the
roads to the channel.
A German effort to reach Amiens or
Hazcbrouck can, therefore, be no more
than a duplicate of the drive for Com
(Continued on page three)
America Will Have
More Than Million
In France July First
General March Reviews Situation and Tells Much That Is
Encouraging-More Than 800,000 Have Been Sect
Across-Number To Be Sent Limited Onlv by Ship
Capacity to Carry Them and Keep Up Supplies-Length
of Front Has Been Extended 68 Miles
Washington, June 15. Overseas troop shipment has
passed the 800,000 mark, according to an official an
Making his initial weekly talk to the war department
correspondents, Chief of Staff March revealed this cheer
ing figure today. He also declared that all four offensive
dnves by the Germans have been stopped."
That more than a million Americans will have been
sent to France by July 1, was the statement .of Senator
Kirby, Arkansas, following the weekly meeting today be
tween the senate military committee and the war council.
The German advances, General March declared, have
stretched the allied line an extra sixty miles. Because
cf this, "the importance of getting Americans over is pre
eminent. We have now passed the 800,000 mark in troop
shipment overseas. The 800,000' troops include combat
ants, medical service, service in the rear all the units
which go to make up an army.- Any announcement from
the war department will include all kinds necessary for
The number of troops being sent
across now, he added, js limited only
by capacity of the boats to carry tlwm,
and "we intend to keep that, up."
. He declined to predict whea the al-lled-Ainerican
forces would have a num
erical superiority. This question, he
suggested, involved a consideration of
bow many troops the Germans had at
the outset and bow ninny potential di
visions might be stripped from the
Reviewing the military situation
from March 21 onward, March declared
that "the activity now ia toward Paris"
But that the channel ports first and
Paris second constitutes the obvious ob
jectives of the boche.
"The four drives starting March 21
April 9, May 27 and June. 9, are all
parts of a common scheme of an offen
sive," he said. . .
You sec a succession of attacks, the
first being 36 miles in Picardy, the
next 13 miles in Flanders, the third 38
miles to the Mara?, and the present
five and a half and six miles.
"One of tho many striking fenlnre
of this whole advance is the extent of
the front which the allies have had to
1 War Summary of United Press
1413th Day of the War, 87th Day of the Big Offensive
Oisc Front. The Big German drive
southward between Montdidier and No
yon, now appears definitely stopepd.
Tho French war office today reported
only artillery activity between Mont
didier and the Oise.
Marne Front. Artillery fighting
south of the Aisne, west of Rheims lind
near Champlat and Bligny.
Picardy Front. British took primers
and machine guns in successful raids
in the Villers-Brtonneux sector. '
Flanders Front. Sixty German pris
oners were taken in a local operation by
the British on the southern portion of
the front last night. '
Capt. E. M. Smith of Company H,
second battalion, Oregon militia, nam
ed the following non-commissioned of
ficers at regular drill practice Wed
1st Sergt. Karl Loe
2nd Sergt. Robt. B. Mount
3rd Sergt. Norris Ames
4th Hergt. Henry Dahl
Corp. Jim Pettit
Corp. Harry Carson
Corp. Carl Moser
Corp. Raymond Bristol
Corp. Glen W. Loomis
Corp. -Earl Adams . - .
Other officers will be appointed in
the near future.
Lieut. Colonel W. T. Woolpert, Ma
jor A. A. Hall Lieut. Choate and sev
eral other from Saletn put the new
company through platoon and com
pany drills. A lare number of people
assembled at the school grounds to
watch the boys drill Bilverton Appeal
eowr as a result of the German pro
gress. The total stretching ot the lina
from Rheims to the sea is sixty six
miles. Iu order to hold .that cxtja 11 '
the allies had to have mono troops than
at the start.
"In these two drives there were tw
obvious ohjects.'The first was to reach
the channel ports, thus compelling tba
Kuglish, in shipping troops to go fur
ther to sea, making the journey longer
and more dangerous. ,
"The second was Paris, which, bo- .
caus,. of tho sentimental attachment of
the French for it, was of strategie im
portance. "All thoso drives have been shopped.
"The last advance is mora a straight
ening out of the Gorman lino than a
military movement with a definite ob
jective such as Paris. Along tris lina
was n reentrant angle from which
could be mm1,? dangerous attacks on ths
Oisp flanks, For this reason it was
most advantageous for Gerinnny to get
the line straightened out.
"According to the last information
we had, the Germans were still attack-
- (Continued on page six)
Champagne Front. French patrols
took prisoners in raids.
France. Preparations continue for
the defense of Paris, including plans fo'
evacuation by the civil population u
ease of necessity.
Trading Was Light
But Prices Were Firm
New York, Juno 13. The New York
Evening Sun financial review today ,
The stock list in today's short ses
sion oi the securities marktt displayed
a good tone although trading was neith
er very broad nor very active. Quiet in- ,
vestment buying, which has been a fea
ture ali through the week was again in
evid ;nee. Htocks advanced one to thrn
points 01 so. The steels wer in good
demand with United Btate.CrucibIe and
Midvaio in the lead. Oeneral Motors
ruid Hoyal Dutch were the star perform
ers, however, tha fiist pushing forward
close to 130 and the second to touching
ICI. Hie rails were thin and firm. '
Reading at 92 was at a now top price '
for the year.
Further strength developed in the see
mid hour, without any very material ac
cess to the volume of business. Steel
went through 105 and Crucible and Re
public moved up proportionately. Royal
Dutch leaped to above 105, a gain of
more than six points. General Motor
erossed 136. Scarcity of stocks was the
prevailing factor In the rise.
A New York business man was re
jected for military service because his
legs were so short, but we don't see
what difference that could make, so
long as they are long enough to reach
the grounA , . .