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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (June 6, 1918)
Editorial Page of The Capital Journal
CHABLES H. FISHES
I5itor ui PnbliskM
June 6, 191 S
PCBLISHF.D EVERT EVESIXO EXCEPT BfKDAT, BAT. EM, OltEGOW, BT
Capital Journal Ptg. Co., Inc.
U 8. BARNES,
CilAS. n. FISHER,
DORA C. ANDRESEN.
Bee. and Treas.
Ftly by carrier, per ywir
Daily by mail, per year ..
5.no Per Month 45e
, 8.00 Per Month Soc
t'Vl.U LEASED WIRE TE1.EUKAIMI REPORT
W. D. Ward, New Tork, Tribune Building.-
Chicago, W. H. Rtockwell, People' Oaf Building
The Capital Journal carrier boys are Instructed to put the papers on the porch. If
the carrier does not do this, misses yon, or neglects getting the ver to you on time,
kindly phone the circulation manager, as this Is the only way we ran determine whether
r not the carriers are following Instructions Phone Miiin St before 7 :.1u o'clock and a
paper will be sent you by special messenger If the carrier haa missed you.
TUB DAILY CAPITAL JOURNAL
Is the only newspaper in Salem whose circulation Is guaranteed by the
Audit Bureau of Circulations.
PUBLIC UTILITY COMPANIES
The California Railroad commission in order to save
certain public utility companies from bankruptcy allowed
them to impose a temporary sur-charge of 10 per cent on
all bills. At first blush it would seem that the commission
was going out of its way to do an illegal thing. At the
same time there are two sides to the matter, as to most
other things. It would seem that public utility companies
must be looked on in a different light from most others,
and this for the reason that they are such companies, and
their business i3 to do certain things for the public. Un
der abnormal'conditions such-as exist now, such com
panies are most of them losing money. This condition it
is expected will continue for some time, and the question
is how can such a company be expected to conduct its
business on a losing basis? Most of such companies, that
is electric lierht. gas, street railways and similar com
panies are operating under charter or franchise granted
by the cities where they operate with an agreement that
the charges shall be a certain fixed sum, as for instance
five cents for a carfare. To allow an increase violates a
contract, which the constitution says shall not be done.
Other business is conducted in times like these on a losing
basis, and those conducting it can obtain no relief, but
have to stand the loss and drift along as best they can un
til times change. However most of these can quit, and
this is more than the public utility companies can do. They
must continue to operate their plants just the same under
their franchises. It is for this reason the California com
mission permitted the sur-charge referred to. It was for
this reason the Public Service Commission of this state
permitted the Portland Railway Light & Power company
to increase the fares on its road from five cents which
was its contract price to six cents.
The promise is made by the food administration that
in the near future, there will be a reduction in the price of
flour substitutes. There should be, for with corn only
about half the price of wheat the corn flour is selling at
considerablv more than wheat flour. There is a rrrowinp
are very tender of the feelings and pockets of those who
have loaded up with food substitutes, and it is believed
that when the stocks of substitutes now in the hands of
dealers and speculators are exhausted the prices will
ing the investigation into aircraft pro
TV Ynman Whn fhantpd l William Howard Taft' rePuWicn' is
iae it Oman it no tuaagea ;Presiat,ut bison's appointee for a place
By JANE PHELPS
The indications are that the weather clerk is out of
soris and is going to provide cloudy weather Saturday
just when a fair day is desired by 'everyone, in order to
see the eclipse. However it will not cost much to smoke
up a couple pieces of glass and have them ready for the
big show when the curtain goes up. In eastern Oregon
where the grandstand is located, it is highly probable the
skies will be clear, for they are seldom anything else in
that region. If this proves true we can console ourselves
with the thought that we will at least see the pictures,
and get a movie glance at 'the big eclipse anyway. .
WHEN LOVfi ASSERTS ITSELF.
It seems to be increasingly difficult as time goes on to
bribe the union labor leaders, with unreasonably high
wages and short hours, to keep their followers at work
in the shipyards and other war industries. Now the tele
graph operators are about to strike, and the railroad men
are not satisfied with the hundreds of millions of dollars
awarded them in increased wages recently. It's a case
of a nation being held up in time of peril by an organized
gang of traitorous anarchists and one of these days the
real people of the country will rise in their might and do
business with the union labor leaders. They will con
script them and put them to work at $1 a day building
j-hiDs or making munitions ot war because they are no
tetter in any respect, if within the draft age, than the
young man who is drafted for the trenches.
"When a woman will, she will, depend on't,
And when she won't she won't, and that's the
That is an old saying and it certainly applies to a
granger as well as to a woman. This was illustrated yes
terday by the members of the state grange when by a
vote of 76 to :? they turned down the proposition to
amalgamate with the Non-rartisan League. This was
done despite an impassioned speech by Master Spence
advocating such an union. "Non Partisanism" has so far
found but few advocates in Oregon and it is not likely to
find more. "
The sinking of two more ships reported this morning
shows the U-boats, if they are the same that have been
operating along the north Atlantic coast, are moving
south. It also shows that they are equipped for a much
longer stay than was possible for the boats of the old type,
It remains to be seen whether they have the staviner qual
ities and provisions credited to them, or whether they
have a tender that keeps them supplied, or a secret base
somewhere along the coast.
The appeal to voters not to change horses while cross
ing a stream is always made by the horse already in the
harness. As a matter of fact that is just the time when
some horses should be changed. President Lincoln traded
off George B. McClellan and a good many other military
officers soon after the civil war started and it was an im
provement to the service too. The right time to trade off
a no-account horse is whenever the opportunity arises.
This especially if it is an old political warhorse.
It is hardly necessary to call attention to the fact that
the most reliable and entertaining news from the great
war appears daily in the Capital Journal. The mqst
prominent news writers' in the war zone are daily sup
plying our direct leased wire with the latest news obtain
able and putting it up in a shape that is readable without
over-looking the facts the public is interested in. The
Capital Journal's news service is not surpassed by that of
any newspaper, big or little, in the. United States.
Apparently more American aviators are killed in their
own country than in the war zone. This is because flying
is a dangerous art to learn, and it is in the learning the
accidents occur. When an aviator gets over to France
he is an expert and few of them are victims of accident.
Down in Texas with blue skies in plenty there is not room
enough for a couple of aviators in the air at a time until
they get so they can control their machines.
The registration of a million young Americans who
have become of age since June 5 a year ago was done so
quietly yesterday, that outside of the families of the
registrants the great majority had about forgotten there
was such a registration and did not realize it was being
made. It is announced this morning that in all registra
tions of this, kind there willl be four made a year.
A million more registered for service, than yesterday.
That is sure setting a new mark in the way of raising
' W. 0. Binns of Klamath Falls has discovered pres
idential timber in General Leonard Woods.
LADD & BUSH, Bankers
ALL THE THIRD LIBERTY BONDS ARE NOW
THOSE INTERESTED PLEASE CALL
AT THE BANK
Russia is seething with revolution against the Bolshev
iki, the conspiracy extending throughout the whole coun
try. While these internal troubles are spreading, the
government is faced with a problem of supplying the
people with bread. Since the loss of the Ukraine granary
hunger has been in close touch with the Russian people
and if the revolution gathers force sufficient to hamper
the already inadequate railroads, starvation is not far
The business streets of Salem should be better lighted,
t nd there is no good reason why they should not be.
by Walt Mason
WASTED ADVICE ;
If I had taken my ?dvice, and saved, in
peaceful times, today I'd doubtless have the
price, all kinds of useful dimes. But while
I urged my friends to save, in deathless
prose and verse, for vain and foolish things
I gave the contents of my purse. While
j. handing out the wisest words the statutes
would allow, I threw my money to the birds,
and fed it to the cow. If I had taken my
advice 'twas couched in ringing rhyme I
wouldn't now be buyirg ice two ounces at
a time. My steak I'd purchase by the pound,
like wise and thrifty gents, and I would not
be chasing round to borrow fifty cents. And
l could help the Red Cross game, and buy
nine bonds or so, and not be shivering in shame because
I lack the dough. The price of everything I use, goes up,
to beat the band; the price of whisker dye and shoes, and
hoeS to till the land; the price goes up, not once or twice
tach day we see it scoot; if I had taken my advice, I
wouldn't care a hoot I'm in the hole, I'm in the hole, I
cannot pay my tax, and I'm obliged to buy my coal in little
peanut sacks. My heart is sad, my feet are ice, I'm weary
with disgust, because I.laughed at my advice, and burned
up all my dust ,
I fc.'P vwMqjr-" Out
) to k.&m
1 never shall forget my sensations
v.hcn I so nearly drowned. I was a good
swimmer, and never hesitated to go
even farther out than George, who
swam indifferently. I went down, down
down! The water not only seemed to
elose over me, but it seemed to wrap
me round and round, like, a great sheet.
Twice this happened, then I felt myself
liftd up in strong arms, after which I
knew no more until I opened my eyes
and found myself lying on the bench,
with George bending over me, chaffing
my hands, and one or two others trying
to help bring me out of the unconscious
uess into which I had drifted.
"Thank God!" 1 heard George say,
out his voice sounded miles away. Th
ringing in my ears, like rushing water,
made all other sounds faint and distant,
"That was a elose shave for both of
you, Howard! I thought, at one time,
you were both gone," one of the men
said. Then, as I Marted, "There comes
the doctor now, but I guess she 's all
I struggled to sit up. Gradually, I
sensed who was talking what they
were saying. George was deathly pale,
I had never before seen such a look
on his face, not efen at the time When
I cut my wrist in the car.
The doctor looked me over, then turn
ed to George.
"You get home immediately!" he
said. Then followed directions as to
what he should do. For tho first time
I noticed that George was shivering vio
lently. "You need care moro than your
Ono of the early bathrs had gone for
a ear, and we were helped into it and
taken back to the hotel. Celeste got
me to bed, but George refused to do
as the doctor ordered, and sat in a chair
beside me. He kept hold of my hand
until the medicine tin' doctor save uh
took effect and I slept.
But before 1 closed my eves he toh'
me he thought he had lost me thought
that he never could get me ashon
Just once hi leaned over and laid hit
face to mine.
"Thank God, I still have my little
wife," he said, then leaned wearily
back in the chair.
I slept for hours. When I awoke, I
was nearly as well as ever. But George
was in bed, quite ill. The doctor was
there, and said that he would have t
remain, in bed for a few days, anyway.
He looked so serious when he said it.
that I was frightened and I questioned
It was his heart, the doctor told me.
Not being a very good swimmer, he had
not known how to spare himself, and
1 hart been a dead weight.
"It was a miracle that he saved you
-that both did not drown" the plivsi
cian said. "At that early hour the
guards are not on duty. It is a foolish
thing to go out as far as you did, un
less tliey are."
It was my fault. I had been to blame.
Had 1 remained near to Georgo, ncai
the shore, it would not have happened.
All day niesages poured in. It had
gotten about, and we were fairly besieg
ed with congratulations, and with con;
dolences whu thev found George wa;
ill from the effects of the strain. Abou"
three o'clock, I was called to the tic
phono. It was Merton Gray.
Merton Gray la Anxious.
"I have just heard," he snid. "Yor
are all right?"
"Right as can be, but Mr. Howard
is quite ill."
"That is too bad thank God you d'
not drown! Ytm will not be leaving a.
you planned, will you?"
"Ivo that is, not quite so soon.
George will be in bed for several days
the doctor tells me."
"I shall see you again, if that is th(
Someway, when I hung up, it wa
with the sume indifference with whiel
I had done so, after receiving message?
from casual acquaintances. Death had
been so near George was so ill that
everything else seemed trivial by com
parison. Later, I was again called to the tele
phone. This time the message did not
leave me so indifferent. It was fror.'
Julia -Collins. After asking me all sort
of questions, each time calling Georgi
by his first name, she proceeded to wold
mo for putting him in such danger. That
she did it in her playfully sarcastic man
ner, made no difference. She intimated
that I wnntd to show off before him,
and had gone out so far I couldn 't got
back. When I explained that I had boot
taken with cramps, as are many swim
mers, she replied:
"I know! They all ay that when they
get into trouble,."
I hung up the receiver after telling
her that she conM not see George for
several days bating her worie thao
(Tomorrow An Fndesired Visit)
THE CLOVEN HOOF.
on tne wage adjustment board.
Elihu Boot, republican, was President
Wilson's appointee as head of the extra
ordinary commission to Kusmb.
Herbert Hoover, republican, is Presi
dent Wilson 's appointee as federal food
Dr. Garfkld, republican is President
Wilsun's appointee as federal adminis
Charles II. Schwab, republican is Pre
sident Wilson's appointee as head of the
Emergency Fleet Corporation.
Clyde B. Aitchison, republican is Pre
sident Wilson's appointee from Oregon
as member of the Interstate Commerce,
The national railroad board and the
regional directors of railroad operations
are mostly republicans.
These are only the beginning of the
list. The list could be extended indefin
itely. The great places in the admin
istration's war work aro largely filled
by republicans. A ever was au adminis
tration more nonpartisan.
Take war appoiutnv.'iits in Oregon:
Food administrator, W. B. Aver, repub
lican; assihint food administrator W. K
Newell, republican; wheat administra
tor, Max llouser, republican; flour ad
ministrator, Theodore B. Wilcox, repub
lican, now deceased; Portland represen
tative of the Shipping board, Lloyd
The special committee to recommend
candidates for the officer's second
training camp were all republicans. The
sub-committee that selected the men
sent to the camp were all republicans
about a dozen iu number. The special
attorney sent by the administration to
investigate moral conditions nt Camp
Lewis was John McConrt, republican.
The u.-wly appointed federal wool ad
ministrator for Oregon is John Burgnrd
The federal fish administrator for
Oregon is Frank M. Warren, a repub
Every one of the five directors of
the Portland, branch of the federal re
servo bank is a republican.
The originally appointed spruce board
for Oregon was V. M. Ladd and A. S.
The Oregon member of the national
war trade board is H. L. Cjrbett, re
publican. The directing committee in the three
Liberty bond sales has, in every in.
stance, been composed almost entirely
This is only a small part of the list.
The national administration has "evi
dently not stopped to ask questions
about any man's party affiliations in
making selections for war work. It has
so happened that almost no democrats
have been called to these positions. This
is not said in complaint, but In an as
sertion of the facts to correct the very
apparent misrepresentation by the sen
ator from Indiana.
OUB CAXLY STOBT
THE BATTLE OF CONSCIENCE
$ Rosedale Items
C A. Hardy went to Portland on busi-
Henrietta Wierd looked at the ffcangs
the conductor had just given her a
quarter and five nickels.
"Goodness," she thought excitedly,
"he's given me a nickel overt I'm
riding for nothing!"
And she quickly closed her hand over
the change, and then she remembered
that the conductor had rung up her
fare, and that probably the nickel would,
have to come out of hia own pocket.
"Oh, dear!" she thought remorse
fully. "Perhaps the poor man has L
large family and perhaps a nickel a day
is all he can afford to feed them with.
I suppose I really ought to return it
to him. But, no, hie hag a bad face
I shouldn't be surprised if he cwatl
his wife every day, and it would just
serve him right to suffer for his own
carelessness! Still, of course, I would
n't like to feel that I am depriving hit
bnby of its daily bucket of milk no.
I'll keep it a man in his position has
no moral right to have a large family,
Goodnes;, what if he should suddenly
find out he gave me too much, arl if
uiand it back againf I think I '.1 get
right out I'm only ten blocks from
And at the next stop she hurriedly
left the car, still clutching the quar
ter and five nickels In her hand.
"I'd better look again perhaps
there are only four nickels, after' all,"
she thought. And she opened her hand
and looked. No, there were five, but
as slie looked the quarter slipped thru
her fingers and fell on the pavement
with a hollow, leaden sound.
"Oh!" she gritted through her teeth,
''The dishonesty of this world!"
ness Monday evening.
Margery Alexander came home from
.Ralph Fowler is visiting here a few
Miss Lesta Cook enjoyed a visit from
her mother a few days last week. ISchool
closed Friday and Miss Cook return
ed to Portland Saturday afternoon.
The Parent-Teachers' Association
elected Mrs. Goode president, Mrs. Cole
vice president and Miss Floy Monney
secretary the coming year.
Miss Helen Hndley is visiting at the
home of her brother Chester Hadley.
You will miss some thing fine if
you fail to attend the public meeting of
the Bed Cross Friday night.
Stella Warner visited her sister Bes
sie Bates last week end.
LET US ESTIMATE ON :
All your Printing an TJp-to-Now
office to meet your print
THE CAPITAL JOURNAL
By ANDREW F. CURRIER, M. D.
v (The Oregon Journal)
The cloven foot of peanut partisan
ship showed itself at the state republi
can primaries in Indiana.
Iesertuig his seat lor the time m the
federal senate, Senator New journeyed
to Indianapolis to tell the convention
that President Wilson plays politics,
that President Wilson is partisan, and
that President Wilson "is the most un
compromising in his partisanship of ny
man who has occupied the White House
since Andrew Jackson."
Charles E. Hughes, republican is Pres-j
ident Wilsono appointee for conduct-'
Tbcso troublesome parasites, also
called pin worms or seat worms,
or awl worms on account of the
awl shaped caudal extremity, occur
occasionally in adults and frequent
ly In young children.
Thoy are small, rcTund, and white,
occasionally In clumps or bunches,
and found in the large Intestine or
the lower part of the email intes
tine. By preference they choose the
lower end of the large Intestine or
rectum for their residence.
They are occasionally found In
the stomach and have been ob
served in the mouth, probably
. reaching It with the vomited con
tents ot the stomach.
They are lively and active and
frequently crawl from the rectum
to the adjacent skin, sometimes
appearing upon a child's clothing.
The female lays many eggs which
must be swallowed by man or ani
mal; they do not develop outside
Within two weeks after the eggs
reach the Intestine they become full
grown worms, not easily destroyed,
and migrate toward the rectum.
The mature females then lay
their eggs, which may be passed
out of the body or remain and be
come a now colony of worms, this
process continuing indefinitely un
less they are expelled andxtermi
nated. The eggs are taken into the body
with food or water or by means of
There is no difficulty in detecting
either the worms or the eggs, the
ever-present symptom being intense
itching which is very sleep disturb
ing. Other symptoms are irritability,
and fretfulness, burning pain, rest
lessness, disturbance of the func
tions of the bowels and bladder,
loss of appetite and anaemia.
It is not unusual for sensitive
children who suffer with thread
worms to have convulsions or St.
Vitus dance. ,
Their complete expulsion la often
a difficult task, they breed so rapid
ly and find so many places for concealment
Cleanliness Is Imperative, and
after each movement of the bowels
an Infected child should be care
fully sponged with a 1 to 10,000 so
lution of bi-chloride of mercury.
Treatment should be undertaken
as soon as the parasites are dls
covered, and the campaign may last
No uncooked or partly cooked
food should be allowed; the child'
nails should be kept short; and the
Angers must be frequently moist
ined with an Infusion of quassia.
Castor oil, senna, or Epeom salt!
may be given at night, but not in
Every morning, or every other
morning, for two or three weeks, if
necessary, an enema should be giv
on through a rubber tube or cath
eter, which has been carefully in
troduced four or five inches inta
A pint of warm water, or soap
and water, or boric acid solution,
may first be used to cleanse th
rectum, this being followed by half
a pint of 1 to 10,000 solution of;
bl-chlorlde of mercury. v i
Another excellent enema is an;
Infusion of quassia, two ounces ot'
quassia chips being, boiled in a
pint of water.
Other enemas frequently used trr
solutions of carbolic acid; turpsn.
tine; vinegar; sulphur, etc., but
those which have been mention t
will usually be found efficient if
employed carefully and InsistecUy.
Question and Answer j
P. B. Walking or climbing
itatrs makes breathing very HffVi
cult for me. After sitting down
for a while, I can breathe naturallf
again. What can I do to owr
come IhU tronblet
Answer Xn troubles of the heart,
it is always desirable toi have th
heart carefully examined, from
time to time, by one who is compet
ent in the treatment of such trou
bles. Sometimes serious dlseaM
can be antlcImtAH if
tlens am taken. I
copy of the article on ValvtJlar!
wifceaaa, wnicn may be of interest