TUDAIP 4,500 SUBSCRIBERS (22.000 HEADERS) DAILY Only Circulation In Salem Guar anteed toy the Audit Bums, of Circulation : FULL LEASED WIRE DISPATCHES . SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL LEY NEWS SERVICE HUM I . vrl"EKtO V "IS Oregon; Tonight and Saturday fair moderate wester ly winds. r mix r FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 128 SALEM, OREGON, FRIDAY, MAY 31, 1918 PRICE TWO CENTS ON TRAINS ard mr 6TAND8 FTVf 0ST n in fintr hd -1 fr I II II THRUST TOWARD PARIS CHECIIED-ADVANCE AT ALL POINTS SLOWS UP Stubborn Resistance and Heroic Defense of Every Foot of Ground Halts German Drive Having One Supreme Commander Proves of Inestime Value-Objective of Enemy Is the Maine and Rercf $ Fighting Is On Center ottherront In That Sector By Ed L. Ke 1 (United Press Staff Coi f pondent.) London. Mav 31. Thanks t,n t.l- s met st.ihkn ' V ' v v tJ sKJ KyJ i. il IVOlOt ance offered by the allies, heroic defense of every inch of giuunu yieiuea 10 me enemy t lowest coordination between the French and British forces, the German thrust towards Paris in the Soissons Rheims sector has undoubtedly been checked, even if it nets not yet oeen aenniteiy stopped. The allied troops are falling back slowly and in orderly fashion and their reserves are inrrprifiincr th cunnnrt given the hard-pressed front Leveiopmenis oi rne demonstrated the value of commander, which Premier upon ena unaiiy accomplished in the face of determined opposition in certain British military quarters. The British press and public were more optimistic to day than at any time since Monday. There is not the slightest criticism of the French retirement. The over whelming numerical superiority of the enemy forces and the Fallantrv and COOl headednesa nf trie French rWpnrl. ers are fully appreciated here. Likewise, General Fbch's P i i i j i . , i . . - ... reiusai 10 De scampeaea into withdrawing the bulk of his forces from the northern front is pnmmpnterl imnn with approval. The forcing of such a move, it is pointed out, was pprfninlv nna rf fVia planning the present drive. a trap, it is declared, the merely subsidiary. Trying to Rwcli the Maine London, May 31. The German drive in the Aisne region is now centered in an effort to reach the Marne river, it is indicated in tie night official states inenls. v Checked on the wings, the enemy is striving desperately to push the allies back in the center, . where strong French reserves are toeing concentrat ed. The Germans are new within six anideg of the famous river, perhaps nearer. The French communique adrriit rd the lo$a of Fere-en-Tardenois and Vezilly. The former is eight miles from the river and the latter six. "To the south of Fere-en-Tardenois we are fighting cur way toward the Marne," the German war office declar ed. Just how: far south of Foro-en-Tarde-nois the o runny has progressed was re vealed in neither tho French, nor Ger man statements. The Berlin communique claimed a to tal of 35,000 prisoners taken in the present, pitase of the offensive, togeth er with a large amount of material, in cluding ammunition, provisions, rail STREAMS OF FLEE FROM itoads Filled With the Home; less Seeking Safely Among Their People By Henry Wood (United Press staff correspondent) With the French Armies in the Field May 31. From every point oi the six ty mile battle front between Rheiins and Soissons streams cf refugees to day jwured'dcwn roads leading to con tral France fleeing the Hun invasion. Late lait night, when I returned from the i ijrhting line where the homes of these people are being engulfed, the highways were bordered with the bivouacs of fugitives. For miles and miles the rolling countryside was all anicKer with tiny- camp fires of the refgees.On their 'weary march to God knows where they tarried for rest wherever night found them, sleeping beneath vehicles; the luckv ones who nad thought to bring a little food, conking and eating it under the stars. The streams of fleeing humanity made e pitiful spectacle. Each mad i e-ned to have its cr particular car avan and the whole scene resembled the f 5 ana the maintenance of the line troops at critical points. past Z4 hours have brilliantly the idpn nf a ennrpmo oilier) Lloyd George long insisted If Foch should fall into such Aisne advance would become way trains and an aerodrome full of airplanes. . On the right flank, the Germans now occupy La NeuiviUete and Rctheny, north of Rheiins, and have thrown a semii-circle about that city, being with in two miles on the east, north and west. On the left wing, Ithe French still claimed to ho'd the western outskirts of- .Soissons, although the Germans pushed f onward about a mile and a half north of that city, straightening the line so it runs straight north and south beitween Goucy-le-Chateau and Sois sons. The Aisne batle front now appar ently stretches from Coucy-leChateau southward through Juvigny and Sois sons to Hartenneg, southeastward thru Beusneaux to Fereen Taruenois, east ward to Ve:!illy,northeastward to Brou illet, eastward to Thillois, northeast ward through CLanrpi'gny to La Neu villetJe aui eastward to Betheny. On the Flanders front, the French improved their positions east of Dicks busch lake by a local operation last (Continued on page thre REFUGEES HUN INVASION exodus ofThe eh ildren of Israel from Kgyjrt, as it is described in the bible. Every conceivable vehicle was in use, from huge two wheeled French farm wagons, hauled by oxen, to baby carriages. These ox cars are capable cf transporting the effects of an entire household. . On top of the piles of goods on some of these wagons I saw groups of old women sitting, with babies among them, some of the children clutching pot goats nd chickens. In line with these farm lorries, we saw buggies, decrepit cabs, smart traps land dog carts, even automobiles and I between them amn. linking them placed the less fortunate families who had to march on foot, carrying tneir isole, possessions in wheelbarrows and I baby .carriages and hand carts. ' And there were some folk still f poorer, whose only possessions were iwhst th"y were able to carry on their j backs. Someltimes the luggage which these wanderers bore on their should '. a- M.a rrttA Mf hv itipk !hahv. 'tint firmly to the bundle of household efforts. Intermingled with the human eara I (Continued oa page two) GEN. FOCI! HOLDS Refuses to Hurl Reserves Into Fight Until Proper Time Arrives By J. W. t. Mason (Fnited Press War Expert) Xcw York, May 31. General Foch is holding the German advance on both flanks, while Von Hindeuburg contin ues to move forward slowly in the cen ter. There is thus being created a dan gerous salient that will compel the Ger mans to protect their newly lengthened lines by an unusually large number cf troops, which thev can ill afford. Ke-cstablishmcnt of the French front protecting Rheiins and the continued holding of the outtets from Sohssons by French units are the most important developments of the past 24 hours. The Germans must secure full possession of Soissons, and especially Uheims, with their immediate environs, if Von Hin-j d"nburg is to find 'any reasonable de- gree of security for his new lines. As long as General Foch can hold his pre-1 sent positions on these wings, the Ger mans must rest very uneasily. Von Hindenburg's advance northwest of Soissons is not in immediate rela tionship with tho Marne offensive It is a new local drive along a front of not more than five miles and is 25 miles north of the German wedge mov ing toward the Marne. A German suc cess northwest of Soissons, beyond Bler ancouit aud Epagny, would carry Von Hindenburg in the direction of Coin picgue. At Compiegne the Aisne flows into tho Oise river, which later runs south ward to the Seine and to Paris. If Von Hindenburg can reach Compi.?gno he will be in a favorable position to se cure possession of the Aisne west of Soissons for a new defensive line. This is probably the ultmate strategic pur pose of the Epagny movement. The situation now facing General Foch in its essential strategy, is the same as that which he met during the Picardy-Flandera offensive. He caa stop the liftman advance any t'roe" he de-' sires, by throwing In the major part of his reserves and the American troops now in France. But, to do this, would be to play Von Hindenburg's game. It would mean accepting an offensive bat tle on Von Hindenburg's terms. This is what General Foch is trying to avoid. The loss of ground is unimportant, com pared with avoiding submission to Von Hindenburg's own plans of campaign. In this respect, which is the most im portant from the standpoint of democ racy's ultimate Victory, events are pro gressing satisfactorily. . What the Allies Did On Corpus Christ, Day Strictly observed their prom ise to thi pope, made at the re quest of the German archbishop of Cologne, not to bomb Ger man'cities outside the war zone on this religious Holiday. What the Germans Did. Shelled Paris with long range guns, killing eighteen persons. Oil," shell struck a church. Attempted an air raid on Par is. On being driven off by an aerial barrage, they dropped bombs outside the city. Bombed a British cospital, killing a large number of nurses attendants and wounded, after dropping flares so as to plainly reveal tli'-dr targets. Attacked three hospitals in the rear of the American areas in Picardy on Corpus Christl ere droping bombs and pouring gun fire into the tents. n LAUNCHED IN 16 DAYS. - San Francisco, May 31. The destroyer Wa.d will ..bc launch ed tomorrow at Mare Island navy yard, just 16 days and 10 hours after the keel was laid. This will establish a world rec ord. The keel was laid on the morning of May 15, Since then the erews of the most highly skilled workmen hav rushed construction day and night with the definite purpose ef hanging up a record for other yards to shoot at. HANG" ON TO HOLIDAY. San Francisco, May 31. If the San Francisco Metal Trades 'jouncil follows the lead of the Portland council in vol untarily giving up the Saturday half hnli.lnv. it will not he without A lot of opposition. This was indicated today I when memln?rs of the Metal Trades , 9 PniiiMMl wpr nnptiniiff1 fthnn tho in-. 3s troduction of the resolution here. None tared to be quoted directly on the subject, but each one declared it, would b foolish to give away that ivhieh tuey have fought for to long. PERSE! REPORTS SIXTY CASUALTIES 15 ip ACTION Of the Sixty 36 Are In the Death Column, 15 Severely Wounded Washington, May 31. Sixtv Ameri eati casualties were reported by Gen eral Fershing today, divided as follows fifteen killed in action;-six dead of wounds; eleven killed" in accidents; four from disease; fifteen severely wouaded e.ght slightly wounded and one missing i'i action. The list follows: Killed in action: Wagoner Chick H. Campbell, Pitts- burgs, Kan. Privates George M, Abncy, Miueola, Texas. Stanley Belen, New York, Rtbert L. Bolen, Saltillo, Miss. Ira D. Cochran, Protection, Ga. Frank Colon, Aberdeen, 8. D. Kenneth Edward ' Counter, Alden! Minn, Francis E. Dyer, Lak; Arthur, La. Donald Gregg, Houston Heights, Tex. Carl J. Martinson, Stanley, Wis. Clarence L. Massey, Columbus, Ga. George E. Mooney, Glasgow, Mont. Frauk A. Murray, Nunda, N. Y. Howard L. Pidel, Union Furnace, Pa. Malcolm R. -White, Southhampton, N. Y. Died of wounds: Privates George F. Aitkens, R. F. D. 1, National City, Cal. Lester W. Chase, Derry, N. H. Charles Messina, New York. Marshall B. Nelson, Grand Junction, Mich. - Charles Poultcr, Louisville, Ky. Leslie L. Stokcley, General Delivery, Ellington, Cal. Died of accidents: Lieutenants Richard Anderson, St. Louis, Mo. Itoiv-'rt J. Griffith, Athens, Ga. Wiliam S. Stearns, Jamaica Plains, Wililam N. Newitt, Enfield Mass. Frank P. McCrcery, Fort Washugton, N. . ' - Cadet JU'gtnc D.-Peort, Austn, Texa. Sub Sergeant Gordon J. Geetng, Chi cago. I'rivatcs Ciaud Eugram, Hawkinsvillc Georgia, . Thomas W. McDermott, Albany1, Wis.. Daniel Albeit 8nyd?r, Buffalo, N, Y. Lawrence Wolff, Brooklyn, N. Y. Died of disease: Corporal Bert Lewis, Stockton, Cal. Privates Don Francis Gunder, 409 Third northeast, Puyallup, Wash. Isaac M. Vaughn, Ballinger, Texas. Scvnely wounded: . Lieutenants Clark H. ApW, Grand Itapids, idich. (Continued on page six.) BIG TRANSPORT SUNK WHILE COMING KOI No Details Were Given-Was Former German Liner and of 18,072 Tons Washington, May SI.' -The United States transport President Lincoln, homeward bound, was lorpenoed mic sli,? sank an hour later, the navy depart ment announced this afternoon. She was the former German-American liner of the same name. The torpedoing occurred at ten o' clock thii forenon, No details are at present available, but nothing in the message indicated the casualties were other thari light. The President Lincoln was of 18,072 tons. The official announcement snid: "The nary department has received a dispatch from Vice Admiral Sims stating that the V. S. S. President Lin coln was torpedoed t 10:40 o'clock this morning and sank an hour later. The vessel was returning from Europe. No further particulars have been re ceived." THINK WORST IS OVER. Paris, May 31. The impres sion prevails in Paris that the worst is over, so far as the Aisne phase of the German offensive . is concerned. Announcement that allied re serves are hurrying forward adds to the confidence of the public. The capital's morale re mains untouched by the air raids and long distance bombardments The streets are thronged every day with people in gay summer attire, most of them wearing flowers. Those who have put their winter's tpply of fuel in early find it coming in very handy this spring. miiuiunuiiiiiuiniiiitiiiiiuiiiiiiiuiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiHjiuiiiniiiiiiin i War Summary of United Press I iiiiiuiiiitiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiHiiiiiHiiiiiiiEiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiifiiiiiiiiiiiriiiiiiiiit E 1 1398th Day of the War; 72nd Day of the Big Offensive illlllllll!lllll!llllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll!lllllllltllllli Western Front. The Germans, ap parently in an effort to flank t,he al lies south of Noyon, are driving west ward toward the Oise in the Ailctte re gion, resulting in a definite consiloda tion of the Pcardy and Asne fronts, southwest of Coucy-Le-Chateau. ThA French war office today admit ted a retirement on the five mile front between Blerancouit and Epagny, be tween Soissons and Rheims, before this new assault. Aisne Front. The jenemv, who was last officially repjited six miles north of the Marne, has made a further slight advance toward that river, the Prewcn communique said. This was the only German progress noted on tne Aisne frout proper. Ou the west flank of tho Aisne front the French are still holding the western outskirts of Soissons. On the right flank the allies not onlv have hild but tho French retook Thillois, three miles west of Rheims, bv a counter attack. Henrv Wood, cabling from the French front, snid the allies' military author ities believe the Germans will try to take Rheims by a wide encircling move ment down the Ardre river vulley, to WORD PICTURE AMERICANS TOOK CANTIGNY German Batteries Bathed In Gas Bodies Surrendered Or Died By Fred 8. Ferguson, i (United Press Staff Correspondent) With the American Army in Picardy, May -29. (Night). American troops showed their punching power at Can tigny. . . - - From behind a friendly pile ot beets, on a knoll in the great plain which faces Cantigny, I witnessed the attack Which resulted in capture of the village. Amidst the detonations of hundreds of guns which filled the valley with smoke and dust and flame, the Ameri can troops went over the top. With a spirit which would not be denied they followed the French tanks preceding tlvjin across No Man's Land and with them penetrated more than a mile into the boche positions. Overhead French and American shells made a "veritable ribbon of sound as theyhurtled across German positions. As I walked past battery after battery in action the crash of guns was deafening. Rounding a sharp corner I came upon one battery which had been wheeled in to the open and was withering the enemy with direct pointblauk fire. So smothered with French and American shells was the boche artillery that French guns were standing squarely in the open at a crossing of the roads, belching defiance and hammering the way for the American infantry. Over head French aeroplanes carrying Amer ican observers darted in and out against AMERICAN AVIATORS ARE DOING SOME DARING WORK Lieutenant Rickenbacher, Saves Meissner Twice Within An Hour - i By Frank J. Taylor (United Press Staff Correspondent) With The American Army in Lorraine, May 31. On3 American air squadron established the record of ten flights in one hour this morning. Lieutenants Eddie Rickenbacher, of Columbus, Ohio, and Jimmie Meissner of Brooklyn figured prominently in two of the battles, the former saving Melss ner's life twice. The Americans drove down at least four enemy planes, while one of our planes was destroyed and the pilot captured. Shortly before 8 o'clock this morning Rickenbacher discovered Meissner div ing after a German plane with a second German plane diving after Meissner, all firing. Rickenbacher immediately opened Bp on the second plane, chasing it away and relieving the pursuit. Both enemy machines escaped. A few minutes later Meissner was s-nt out with a patrol to protect a Brit ish bombing squadron returned from i.n excursion behind the German lines. A German patrol of six machines two bi planes and four monoplanes suddenly swooped down on the BrittKh airmen. The Americans dashed to the rescue and a free for all fight ensued, eight kilo meters (five miles) behind the German lines. A Brave Rescue. A German airplane collided with Meissner machine and was damaged thesouthwest. Wood also described suf ferings of the thousands of refugees driven from their homes by tUs Ger man advance. A Rome dispatch said the pope had received a telegram from Cardinal Lu con, stating he was leaving Rheims. Cardinal Gasparri, papal secretary of state, replied that tl pope is petition ing tho Germans to spare what remains of the famous cathedral there. Ficardy Front. German airmen at tacked three hospitals in the rear of the American areas Wednesday night, dropping bombs and pouring machine gun fire into the tents. The atlacit was made ou Corpus Christi eve. Lorraine Front. An . American air squadron participated in ten fights with German airmen in on.9 hour yes terday morning, bringing down at least four enemy planes. The Americans lost one machine and tho pilot was taken prisoner. France. Eighteen persons were kill ed aud injured in yesterday 's long range (Continued on page two) SHOWS HOW the smoke of battle, flying low signil ling to the battuios aud harassing i!.e (Continued on page three) Old Confederates Send Ringing Message . to Jam Enemies 'New Orleans, La., toay 31. The con- foderetfl veterans "relnics" that fliov ! "can join with their comrades of the Unlorn' army" In tiphfSlding the great principles of domocracy oh which the United States as an inseparable na tion" is founded, declared General George B. Harrison, commander in chiof of the United Confederate Veter ans, in a Memorial day message to the nation, through the United Press. Goneral Harrison's mcssago follows: "The confederate v.eteran rejoice that on this national Memorial clay each of us can join with our comrades in the Union army in saying: " 'I believe in the United States of America, as a government cif the peo ple, by the people, for the people, w'hose just .powers are derived from the consent of tho governed, a democ racy in a republic, a aoverign niition of nvany sovcrign staites, a perfect un ion, one and inseparable, established upon these principles of freedom, equal ity, justice and humanity for. whicvh American patriots sacrificed their live and fortune. 1, therefore, be lieve it is my lu!y to iny country to love it, to support its constitution, to obey dts laws, to rcspwt its flag and to defend it against all nations.' " so badly it fell. The top wing of Meiss ner 's plane was torn off and he start ed to struggle toward home. This was exactly the same manner In which he landed his last victim a month ago. As Meissner was ncaring the Amer ican lines, a German biplane attacked him. He was unable to maneuver and was in grave danger. Just then, Rickenbacher, who had ended a fight in which he tackled five German planes single handed and forced one down, saw Meissner struggling to escape his pursuers. Rickenbacher drove straight at the boche, forcing him to the ground and saving Meissner 's life for the second time within the hour. Whib this was going on, another pat rol from the same American squadron encountered a German patrol, One Am erican aviator was forced down and landed between the German trenches. - This One Captured. The German;, immediately opened fire on him. Stepping, uninjured, from his broken machine, - he cooly studied a pocket map for an insl.'nt, then start ed running in the direction of the Am erican trenches. But he stumbled aud fell into a German communication trench and the bodies grabbed him. The American artillerv immediately finished his machine to prevent it from falling into German hands. American airmen have invented a new wny of harrassing their German opponents without using guns. "Scaring the Huns to death," they call it. The trick consists of getting "on the tali" of an enemy plane and chas ing it to the ground until it tumbles. An American lieutenant drove one to within 000 vala of the German tre:hcs this mornign. The boche finally tipped- and fell. HUH FIRE OSEDIilMCilG HOSPITAL TENTS After Obtaining Immunity Through Vatican, Murder ers Get Busy AVIATORS FLYING LOW ATTACK THE WOUNDED In irV"fr9f.t. Uin RsrTi-mhr - Were Services by CiviHzed People By Fred S. Ferguson, (United Press Staff Correspondent.) With the Americans in Picardy, May 31. German aviators attacked three hospitals in the rear of the American area weanesaay nignt. mey not only drooped bombs, but swept low over hospital tents, deluging them with machine gun fire. This attack took place on Corpus Christi eve the religious feast day on which the boches obtained immunity for their own towns through the inter cession of the Vatican, following the appeal of the German are.hoishop of t ologne,. Special care had been taken clearly to identify the hospitals and great crosses were marked on the (rround. The area bombed is entirely a hospital settlement. American aviators, preparing for a flight last night to drop flowers on American graves, as part of tho Memorial Day . services, were anxiou to avenge the Hun attack. 'In addition to flowers for our boys. I guess we'd better take along some thing for the bodies," said one,- 'It will be tno fattest bombs we've got decorated with forgjet-me-nots." In striking contrast to the boches' barbarity were the touching Memorial Day services yesterday. French women and children were the principal particip ants. In a cemetery near an old church in a village back of our linea Salvation Army workers placed a flag on each grave. ' Prior 4o ,. the-, services, score of French women, children and old men joined in a procession headed by a band playing American hymns. After the funeral oration and prayer by the chaplain, the children smothered the graves of officers and soldiers alike with flowers. French mothers and fathers and soldiers from the trenches wept, unashamed. which none dares approach in daylight, owing to-enemy shell fire, But tha graves there were not forgotten, Th Salvation Army provided flogs which . the soldiers carried up to the graves n night, in addition to flowers from th nearest village. American airmen amu Enniew uuhci. in flight lawt night, dropping ihcm on the bottle field, in honor of the men who fell before Cantigny. Owing to a bomb hitting an ambul ance which was traveling at night, all evacuations from field hospitals have; been ordered to cease except in day UK"') otv " ,..Kv.-. ....to Vatican Fill Try to Save Rheims Cathedral Rome, May 31. Cardinal Lucon of Rheims is about to leave that eity, ac cording to a telegram he sent today to Popo Benedict, Replying to this message, the pope, tlirntiih Cardinal Gasnarri. canal secre tary of state, telegraphed cardinal t.u con that he shares the sufferings of the people of Rheims. He cxprosneu anxiety ... t..... l.n I.t. 41ia tnAonlf int ri'K.u Miu,( mr.. tc i""- ------- ..ntliclrnl nf Rheims and declared lis was about to petition the German auth orities to spare what remains of the edifice. ' ' i Abe Martin J ' It tems Tike nobuddy ever goes t' New York 'cept t' cut up. Never try t polish a celluloid collar while it's hot.