Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (May 30, 1918)
(22,000 EEADEES) DAILY
Only Circulation Is Salem GuarT"
anteed fcy the Audit Bureau of
FULL LEASED WIRE
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE V AL
LEY NEWS SEETICB
and Thursday fair
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 127
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, TftAY 30, 1918
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AJTD lnT
stands ft? cin
GERMAN LOSS H
'RESENT OFFENSIVE IS
British Troops Attacked Were Disorganized, Division Sent
to Quiet Sector for Rr Forced Steadilv to Give Ground
1 by Onslaught of Fre;!-? roops Drive Has Now Pene
trated to Depth of Sixil Miles and Germans Occupy AD
- But Outskirts of So;? f
v On Flanders Front
By H s r Wood,
(United Press Stalf Correspondent.) .
With the French Armies in the Field, May 30. The
Germans since the start of the present offensive, have lost
a minimum of 520,000 men according to compilations
made today that are mathematically certain.
This includes the losses in the present phase of the
offensive on the Aisne front, and it is believed the enemy
casualties there are fully as heavy as they have been on
the Picardy and Flanders front.
; Coupled with the forty divisions (480,000 men) used
in the Soissons-Rheims drive now under way, the enemy
has employed two hundred other divisions (2,400,000 men)
since the offensive started, leaving but ten divisions
(120,000 men) of unused troops at their disposal.
Counting divisions which the enemy has used two or
three times, it has engaged a total of 260 divisions
(3,120,000 men) in operations since March 21.
According to authentic information in the possession
of French military authorities, the Germans have lost a
minimum of. 2,000 men in each division employed.
,.The German attack" on the Aisne" fronf Monday fell
upon British divisions which previously had been en
gaged, and were sent to this "quiet sector" to recuperate.
Despite the most stubborn resistance, the British
division occupying Craonne fell back under pressure from
four German divisions. German tanks on the British
flank prevented a counter attack.
A British division in Bermicourt wood, co-operating
with French territorials held out to the last man.
The feature of the entire battle in this area has been
the close cooperation of the French and British;
.London, May 30. The GernVans have
penetrated to maximum depth of
more than lfi miles on ,tihe Aisne front,
according to the night communique is
sued by the French 'war office.
AH but the western outskirts of Sois
fwns were in the hands of the enemy,
which had progressed at least six miles
south of he Vesle rivc, the report
The German war office claimed cap
ture of 25,000 prisoners, including a
French and a British general.
The line of the German advance, ac
cording ta night official statements
now extends southward from the re
gion of Coucy-le-Ohntcau, through Ter
jiy to SodawMis, -southeastward through
Ambrief and Charris to Loupeigne.
eastward th sough Brouillot fo Thillois
and northeastward to St. Thierry.
Rheinr's, which the British are do
feuding, is surrounded on three sides.
Its evacuation is believed imminent.
Describing the American capture of
Cantigny Tuesday morning, the Ger
man war office said:
"West of Montdidier the enemy
during a local advance penetrated into
On the Flanders front, only milling
operations were mentioned by Field
Marshal Haig. He reported the repulse
of enemy raid north of Kemanel.
' Holding orf Aisne Front
Parts, May 30. The allies are hold
ing the Germans at all points on the
Aisne front. he French war office an
Th battle continued all night and
fierce fighting was still under way.
The French still held the westirB
outskirts of Soissons.
"The battle continued throughout
the night," the eoinmunique tail.
(Continued ou page two)
Leader of Death
Battalion Makes Appeal
Washington, May 29. Russia's cry
for jiid from allied and American
sources was voiced today by Madame
Botchkareva, colonel of the women's
Battalion of Death, to Secretary of
State Lansing and Secretary of War
Her primary appeal was for military
ft d and economic assistance, Xtithcr is
new believed available, though plans
for eeonomie aid are being given ser
ious consideration. Obstacles lie in the
way of such aid, especially as it mie'nt
tall into Ormaa hands.
is Only Raiding Operations
FOREIGN SOIL NOW
Second Naval Power-Figures
Show Wonderful Tilings
We Have Done
Chicago, May 30. America has an
army of 1,000,000 on foreign soil and
has become the" second naval powj?r of
the world. Senator James Hamilton
Lewis declared in a Memorial Day ad
dres in"Evanstoii today.
By December 1, he said, the army in
Europe would equal the English In ste,
if transportation is made available.
"We have 130 warships and.50 others
in European waters, manned by 00,000
jnen," the senator said. "We had 75,-
000 men in the navy when war was
declared. Now we have 400,000. We will
have 500,000 before October."
Analyzing the present German drive
as an effort to trrorize the allies into
a spedy peaco, the democratic party
whip in th.? Senate quoted fignies to
show what America is 4oing to. pre
vent such an endiug. His address was
a defense of the war and financial de
partments of th administration.
; Lewis declared 1,750,000 tons of ship
ping have been completed, a record ex
ceeded slightly only by England.
"In ordnance wo have spent 776,
000,000 for projectiles," Lewis contin
ued. "The ordnance department in the
first year contracted expenditures of
3,0QO,00O,OOO. We have delivered -two
million extra rifles. We are making one
thousand rifles each day.
"We have deliver! 100,000 machine
guns. By July 1 the production will be
13,000 a month.
"The nation has spent $500,000,000
en motorization of artillery, building
vehicles faster than they can be ship
ped. Contracts have bwn let for 4,500,-
Uw pounds of explosives. We have con
tracted 300,500,000,000 rounds of kmall
America has become the great credit
nation of the world, Levis claimd.
bringing back billions of American se
curities from foreign countries.
Mothers of men who for freedom have died, .
We ask to, be with you today,
To. weep for your heroes, to kneel by your side,
And to offer oifr garland of bay.
The nation, sad mothers, is sharing your grief
For your sons, so heroic and strong,
Who gave up their lives for a simple belief .
That oppression and murder are wrong.
To you then this people its pledge freely gives
That the cause for which they gave their lives
Shall triumph, as sure as America lives,
As sure as her honor survives!
The boys who are buried out there in Lorraine,
Who in Flanders lie under the sod,
Shall not for our freedom have suffered in vain,
So help us, Omnipotent God!
j War Summary of United Press
I IIIIHIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIMIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIHIIIIIIIIIIlllllllllllllUIIIII E
1 1397th day of the War, 71st Day of the Big Offensive j
Aisne front The allies, aided by re
serves apparently have checked tie
Germans et all ipoiuts on the Aisne
front, according to today's report of
tho French war office. The battle con
tinued all last night and was still
fiercely going on today.
Tho French communique revealed the
Germans have attained a maximum pen
ebration of twenty miles t two points
in the center, Fore-cn-Tardeuoig- and
Vezilly and at the laitter place, are
within six miles of the Marne river.
The battle line now apparently runs
from t'ouey-La-Chatean southward thru
Soissons, where the French still hold
tho western outskirts, to Hartennes,
southeastward to 'Fere-en-Tardcnois
eastward to Vezilly, northeastward to
Brouillett, eastward to Thillois, thence
sliaplyr.'aw'iags northward and north
eastward around Bheinis to the heights
of St. Thierry. , .:'.-
Picardy front Americans-, since the
capture of Cantigny, have successfully
withstood five desperate countor at
tacks, inflicting heavy losses on the
enemy. The Germans I cbvious determi
LIBERTY ARMY MEN WHO
WILL ENTER SERVICE JUNE 1
Will Assemble at Court House
for Final Instructions
The following is a corrected list of
the men who have been inducted into
the service and will leave Saturday
evening of this week for Fort McDow
ell, Cal. The list differs considerably
from the first call made of th,- 48 men
required as several have entered other
branches of service.
The men will assemble at 8 o'clock
Saturday eveniug at tli Court house for
final instructions from Shriff Needham
chairman of the local exemption bo.trd.
They v:ll travel south on a special leav
ing, the Southern Pacific depot at 10:43
o'clock in the evening.
Of the 48 men and sev,nn substitutes,
all reported promptly with the excep
tion of two, Chester Elmer Lee ofMar
ion and George 8. Cratty of Ostrande"
Washington. So far these men have ?ot
WOUNDED SOLDIERS ARE
BEING WELL CARED POR
Medical Treatment and Hos
pital Care Worked Out to
By Frank J. Taylor
(United Press staff correspondent)
Wit the American Expeditionary
Forces at -the Front, April 26. If it
were not Ifcrr the fact that he would
lose out while his comrade were
"walloping the Heinies" the average
doughboy would consider it a great
privilege to get wounded and go thru
the series of medical treatment now
reaiily to ave the Uvea of the boys
over there. The medical men have left
nothing half done, and Lave quietly
organized and built until Uncle Sam's
hospitals are considered by many the
best along the front.
Follow the course of one Private
Jones, just' to see what a big job the
medical men have solved. Private
Jones mi?ht be from arvwhere in the
'states, and his name might be anything
but Jones it would be contrary to
nation to retake Cantigny results from
the extreme importance of the heights
as an observation point.
Lorraine During another gas attack
early yesterday morning, (presumably
in the Lunevillo sector) the Americans
defeated three raiding parties.
American airmen brought down an
other German ibiplane on the Lorraine
Flandea frorit Field Marshal Haig
reported minor raiding operations at
various points on the Flanders front,
with, hostile: artillery filing on the
Western front, general French military-
authorities estimate the total
German losses from tae start of the 4
big offensive to date, including the
Aisne operations! at 520,000. These fig
urea are obtained through information
that every German division engaged
haa suffered, on the average, a mini
mum loss of 2000 men. Counting these
(Continued on page two)
reported to the local board and if tney
are not on hand with the others Batuc
day evening, their cases will be in tne
hands of the sheriff for 48 hours and
then referred to the fedoral authorities.
According to the list as made out
today by the local board, the following
Hill entrain Saturday evening for ser
vie? in the National army:
Lee G. Page, Salem, Ore,
Hugh Franklin Weitman, Aumsvillc,
Alva Chester Harpe, Salem, Or,
Max 0. Hill, Sublimity, Ora.
Albert Wilhelm Mitzner, Marion, Or,
Oliver Forette, Aumsvillc, Ore.
Grover Allen Gates, Bandon, Ore.
Edwin Walter Keid, Portland, Ore,
Alpha. R. McLeod, Tillamook, Ore.
Gilbert Hanley Van Bibber, Salem
James Arnold Carson, Salem, Ore.
Arthur Holzelaw, Salem, Ore.
Cecil Harold Hunsacker, Tuinr, Ore.
Curtis Ivan Sutton, Fruit vale, Cal,
(Continued on page two?
army regulations to use hi right name
j Private Jones was wounded in a bar
Irage in No Mans Land, and when he
! fell he thought his time had come. Bnt
ho had another guess cenring. The am-
balance -men, disregarding regulations,
dangers, and the heat of battle ran
!their light machines almost to where
jl'riva'e Jones fell. Ordinarily they
don't do that, but in times of battle
-the Amojrirjan amtbularico men (hare
jtirt on idea in their head, namely,
saving the lives of chaps lake Private
Jonea who face every means of fright-fulne-is
the Huns can design.
To First Aid Fost
ftpeedily and with as little jolting
as possible, Private Jones, new on a
stretcher in the light ambulance, is
brought tack to a first aid post in a
shell wrecked tittle village where some
doctors work in dugouts under fire.
Privet Jones prauably already has
had: first aid applications out on the
field where he fell, his comrades of
the ambulance having cooly bound njS
(Continued on 'page three)
GRACE LUSK CHOKED
WHEN FOUND GUILTY
Actions When Verdict Was
Returned Proved It Was
the Correct One
Waukesha, Wis., May 30. Mist
Grace Lusk, who choked Prosecutor D.
8. Tullar wlien a jury found her guil
ty of second degree murder late last
night, was under close guard, in ner
cell here today. It is feared e'ue may at
tempt toi take her own life to escape
tho sentence of 14 to, 25 years in the
Miss Lusk was under theeare of
two nurses and a socialist today, still
unnerved by the verdict which drove
her in a maniacal fury at the.proeecn
tor'a throat, screeching "He lied my
life away." It was the most sensation
al ending to a murder trial iu Wiscon
sin's court history.
Miss Lusk 'a finger nails drew blood
on Tullar ' right check. She had te be
tern away by attorneys and court at
taches and was carried shrieking to
Her lawyers will make a motion fo
a re-trial in a few days, oasmg then-
plea on the ground that she is insane.
Dr. David: Roberts, pilloried in clos
ine ar.iiinients yesterday as partly to
blame for Wum Lusk slaying his wife
last June, was absent from the court
room when the jury came in shortly
after 10 p. m. Miss Lusk had asked
that ho be brought in and later order
ed her brother and aged father: "Go
to Dr. Roberts tomorrtw. Don't hurt
him but tell him, what has happened to
To Be Sentenced Wednesday
Tha father was heart broken today,
"God, if I could only tell all I know
016 the man who pot my daughter here, '
he said of D. Roberts. "Some day a
reckoning is coming; to him."
Hundreds of women who hurried to
the court room when news spread that
the jury had reached a decision stood
with tears streaming during Miss
Lusk 'a collapse. Tha jurors filed out
with ashen faces, newer looking at the
(Continued on page twv) , v
Youths of seventeen
. Washington, May 30. To
met the hrain that the duel of
death imposes on her, Germauy
ris mobilizing youths born during
the first half of 1900, barely
Hf 17 years old, said entente offi-
cial reports today.
- - Her .entire 1919 class has al-
$ ' ready been called out. Loss of
men is disregarded - in making
the gains thus far obtained.
While the loss of Boissons plus
other German gains makee the
situation more perilous for tho Jk
allies, American and allied mili-
tary men still looked with con-
fidence today upon the final out
$ come. There still was doubt that
$ the SoissonsRheims smash is in-
$ tended as Germany's major $
thrust. While it may be major,
$ with Paris as its objective, the
sjc wooded terrain ahead makes it
appear doubtful that the Ger- ,
man general staff so planned..
Secretary of War Baker's
comment that the present smash
is "extensive and furious,"
ably characterizes it. Yet there ,
4 are signs that tho next few days
will see a slackening of the Ger
man punch and a stiffening of
the allied forces through rein- f
Germauy is, M before, sacrlflf
iug men ruthlessly for territory,
Th' onlv lime th' Kaiser' six in
t . Abe Martin
git in th' front line is when somebuddy en dead from disease; nine wounded
comes along with s camera. Lots 0'ev,r,!tJr; 'Ktljr wounded and
fellers feel letter when they don't eat . missing in action,
any breakfast 'cause ther afraid t' Lieutenant George Squires, 8t. Paul,
wake ther wives up.
American Lieutenant Wound;
ed Followed German Flyer
Down to Earth
FOUGHT AIR BATTLE '
WITH GERMAN MACHINES
Americans at Cantigny Have
Now Kepulsed five Strong
By Frank J. Taylor
(United Press Staff Corrtspondeut)
With the American Army in Lorraine,
May 30. Lieutenant John A. Hamilton
of Maryland, wounded in an encounter
with two German biplaues yesterday,
disabled one of his opponents and then
followed the falling machine almost to
the ground to ensure its destruction.
Hamilton was patrolling with Lieu
tenant William H. Taj'lor of New York
when they sighted two boche machines.
They promptly attacked. In the first
volley Hamilton was wounded by a
machine gun bullet but sent one of
(Continued on page threN
NEW AMERICAN GRAVES
IN FRANCE ARE DECORATED
Little French Children Show
Their Love for American
: Soldier Friends '
With the American Armies in France
May 30. Thero are new American
graves bing decorated today, They arc
on graBiy hillsides, hi shaded ravines,
beneath dropping treea and beside stoae
walls, centuries old.
Mothers, sisters, swoethearts cannot
visit tr.-'Se graves. The tender touch of
a mother placing a flower upon the
grave of her boy is denied America's
latest dead. But those who loved tho
fighting men who have fallen in France
may rest assured they ara not forgot
ten. The parades, the speeches, were miss
ing. But a deeper, even more solemn
note was struck in France, as the graves
of America's dead were honored.
Host of those graves in France are
fresh. The cold, brown earth has not yet
been covered by its soft quilt of grass,
A littl wooden cross, with the fallen
one's name inscribed upon it, and a
small American flag t hut droops and
caresses the grave, mnrks the resting
place of the dead hero.In one little group
Tl I Y-fflF NAMES
ON GEN. PERSHING'S
, CASUALTYLIST TODAY
five Americans Killed, One
, Dead From Wounds, Nine
OUB BOLL OF HONOB
Washington, May 30. Me
morial day finds America's roll
of honor for the great war tu
date totaling W6.'). Casualties
reported are divided aa follows:
Killed in action, 800; killed
by accident, 261; died of dis
ease, 1122; Ut at sea, '291;
died of other causes, H4; wound
ed 3ij9H; captured, 99; missing,
Washington, May 80 Thirty five
names were on the casualty list issued
itoday by the war department, divided
Five killed in action; one dead from
wounds: four dead froitt accident; elev-
(Coutiiufd oa page two)
IN MIDST OF WAR
Wives of Cabinet Member
Send Messages to Soldiers
At the Front
MOST SOLEMN OF ALL
President Wilson Attends
Church and National Capital
Washington, May 30 "On this most
solemn of Memorial days," tie women
of America should, "add to our trib
utes vows of service," was the mes
sago sent to soldiers' mothers today
by Mrs. Newtdit D. Baker, and Mrs.
From Mrs. Newton D. Baker, wife
of the secretary of war: . ,
" Never were the memories of those
soldiers and salilors who have already
gone before more dear to us than to
day as the women of America are bid
ding good bye to sons, brothers nd
husbands, who are fighting for the
preservation; of itlie democracy for
which those others died. Let ns, as we
strew the waterways with flowers and
(Continued on page three)
of 'graves alongside ft road In Lorralnt
lie twelve American boys, In another "
cemetery back of & certain hospital are 1
twice as many more. And faf up under
the guns there is a little graveyard :
guarded by an old stone wall in which .
rest more of America's dead. So it is
throughout the area in which Americans
have fought. - . - -
There is no oiwe special spot an Am
erican could have visited today and
honor, tha dead.
Child rn Do Not Forget
The men and boys who came to Franc
dedicated their lives to world principles.
They have died as soldiers of the demo
cracies of the world. Their bodies may
be found throughout the northern sec-
tion of France the world's battlefield.
But their spirit, the things for which
they died, live today, stronger than
ever, And the men still carry on the
fight, aro fighting with new determin
ation; new realization of what this war
means and firm resolve for victory that
war may never again be thrust ou tlta
Not only in Lorraino, on the Amer
ican front, but near the heart of tho
world's greatest battle line. Amricaii
graves were honored today. The troops
(Continued on page two)
MARION COUHTY PUT;
BEHIND RED GROSS
And Town of Monitor Led the
County With Percentage 1
When it comes ta the per ceaiage cf
tho quota required of Salem in the
las' Red Crow drive, the capital city
came to the front with a record of 118
per cent. In Marion county, Monitor,
that once uptn a time was rather skiw
in raising money for patriotic purpos
es, redeemed iltself by bringing its per
centage up to 307, the higheit in the
While Marion comity was lacked to
rrf.se $S29,000, the figures show that
every town- in the county went over
the top and then some, as 'tho Red
Cross will benefit by th recent driva
in the sum of $1,009,200.
The amounts raised by each town
in the county, the number of subscrib
ers ami the pecentago of quota is as
Aumsvillo . 76
Auora ! 210
Mt. Angel .
(Continued on pag two)