Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (May 29, 1918)
4,509 SUBSCRIBERS .
(22,000 KEADEBS) DAILY
Only Circulation ta Salem Guar
anteed by tha Audit Biuhi of
FULL LEASED WIRE
SPECIAL WTTXAMTTTE VAIr
, LEY NEWS SERVICE
ad Thursday fair
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 127
SALEM, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, MAY 29, 1918
PRICE TWO CENTS
OV TRAINS AHD mfWl
STANDS mi CNT
UP WHEH (
LES INTO LINES OF
BRITISH AND FRENCH
Berlin Claims Capture of 15,000 Prisoners, and Kaiser
Telegraphs From Front That AHu Jere Surprised and
i Routed Allied Reserves Are Noranng Into Action
and Hope Is Expressed Offensive . Be CheckedOn
Flanders Front Initial Gains Made H Annans Are Re-
i ported by Field Marshal Haig to Havi - en Wiped Out
London, May 29.The Germans h . penetrated a
maximum depth of about 11 miles into the allied positions
on the Aisne front, according to the claims of the Berlin
war office in its yesterday's and last night's reports.
The capture of 15,000 prisoners also was claimed.
The maximum penetration was attained at only two
points in the center of the new drive. The enemy advance
is in the shape of a double triangle. The larger one's base
extends f rom Pinon to Berry-au-Bac, a distance of about
21 miles in an airline. Its apex is on the southern bank
of the Vesle, where the Germans have crossed the river
on both sides of Mismes. In attaining this advance the
Germans crossed the Chemin-des-Dames and Ailette,
Aisne andd Vesle rivers. .. '
Apparently the allies have thrown large reserves into
the line for the defense of Fismes, which is an important
The other triangle has for its base the nine mile front
from Berry-au-bac to Brimont. The British, who are
defending this sector have held the enemy to a penetra
tion of less than, ten miles. .
The French war office reported the Germans on the
Aisne front greatly outnumber the allies, but declared the
latter are inflicting great losses on the enemy.
Meantime, - Americans holding the
Metor wedt of MotiWidier captured
Cantigny in a brilliant ai'tack yester
day .morning, occupying German posN
fTtouw on a front of two kilometers and
taking 170 prisoners, tlie Fronch cam.
inuniqne reported. . The Americana
were aided by French tanks. Several
uounter a'Ltan'ks were repulsed.
On the iFlanders front Field Marshal
Jtaig reported re-establishment of the
French and Britisih line tart of Dicke
b'upch lake, with the capture of many
prisoners, and inflicting heavy enemy
The German , war office - further
rlriiued apure of 150 prisoners "bo-
(Continued on page throe)
Brought Down 252
Airmen In One Week
Washington, May 29. Allied
airmen brought down and de
stroyed 232 German airplanes
during the week between May 16
and May 23, war office reports
received by the British miltiary .
attache here stated today. The
operations include only the west
Crew Is Captured
- . - -
"Washington, May 29. Seven-
teen German submarine sailors,
America's second group of this
kind, have been taken prisoner
by an, American destroyer, ac-
cording to official . information .
to the navy department today.
The Germans were captured
. after their vessel had torpedoed;
the British steamer Iuniscaria.
The first group were captured
some months ago by the destroy- .
The Fanning prisoners were
brought to this country, but the
disposition of the second lot is
unknown, exctpt that they were
taken to a British port. '
German Reserve Officer .
, K Alleged Alien Enemy
New York. May 29. Captain Gn
tave B. Kuhelenkammpff of the Ger
man army reserve, wn arrested here
yesterday as an alien enemy. He was
formerly a friend of Count Von Bern
atorff, and is alleged to have been close
to Captain Franz. VcmPapen of the
Germs a embassy staff In Washington,
who was ejected turn the country for
When questioned - Kuhelenkampf f
said he hoped Germany would win the'
Kaiser Says Allies Surprised '
AmPberdam, May 2a. The fcaiser is
on ttw Aisne batt'e front at a point
south of Laon, according to a dispatch
from Berlin today.
(Laon is. 47 miles north and, east of
Sodssona and about nine miles behind
the original battle line.)
Telegraphing from this point, the
kaiser sent the following message to
"Wilhetm (the crown prtnai) at
tacked the Englif h and French along
the Chemln-des-Sames, completely sur
"We have crossed the Aisne and are
approaching the Vesle.
"Fritz (Prinai Eitel Frlederich)
with the First guard infantry division
wag one of the first who reached the
."Our tosses are slight. Tomorrow we
will make further progress."
: With the American Armies in France
May 29. American losses in the battle
of Cntigny were light, it was official
ly announced today. Artillery activity
has inctjassd' in all sectors held by
American troops. "
Paris. May 29. "The German -advance,
at certain points on the Aisne
iront, has reached a depth of fifteen
and a half miles," the Echo de Paris
. Paris, May 29. Long range shelling
of Paris continued today. The Germans
appeared to be using a &iell of a slight
ly different model.
With the British Armies in France,
May 29. The American success at Can
Ugny apparently vexed the Germans,
who began a tranendous Domberdment
of the new American positions as soon
as they were located.
Honored by Britain
London. May 29. The Militaiv Ga
7-ette tedsy announced the award of
military decorations to the following
American soldiers attached to British
Military cross: Captain Walker and
Lieutenants Qmton, Gable and Dos
kell, medical officers attached to Brit
ish units and Lieutenants Adams, Bey
er,.! orester,-Gregg, Jonesf Keyes, Tib
bets and Updegrove, officers of the
medical reserve eorps.
Distinguished conduct medal; Pri
vate Louis Bnctz, engineer.
Military medal: Sergeant . - Harold,
Carl Duncan, wagon driver.
Sergeant. Wilbur Lockwood.
Color Sergeant Russell Sisemore.
- BRITISH BOMB LIEGE
Amsterdam, May 29". Several Gef
man soldiers anil civilians were killed
in a recent raid on Liege by twenty
British airplanes, according to dis-patehr-s
from Lea N'ouvcUea.
Official Washington Believes
that German Offensive
Will Soon Be Checked
Washington. Mav 2fl. W est frnra
fighting reached a new crisis today, The
boche advance to the vicinity of Fis
nier, important railway center, provid
ed a UPW men&PA pnmnnrnhla in h;.
smashes up to Amiens and Ypres in the
However, it now appears likely that
the German is about to receive a shaip
Reinforcements o the allies is rjro-
ceeding. That their lines between Sois
sons and Rkeiins were rather lightly
h?ld appears the case from the fact of
the bodies' rapid advance. Twenty to
twenty-five divisions were employed to
make the push. This was superior to
the allies who gave ground as in the
Military men, however, believe that
as in past instances, the German must
turn soon to straightening on mC
flanks, repairing his losses and improv
ing his communications. Meantime the
allied reinforcement will be such it is
believed, that the boche cannot make
any considerable further headway.
Army oficers, who doubted that the
Soissons push was the main new offen
sive are still unconvinced that the Ger
nians so intended it. They say that
the progress apparently was so much
more favorable than anticipated that
the enemy decided to develop it fnr-
(Continued on page two)
AMERICAN GUNS DESTROY
"Young Edisons" Invent Sig
nal Svstem Which Pre
By Frank J. Taylor
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
With the American Army in Lorraine
May 28.(Night.) The terrific Ger
man gas attack which began at one
o'clock yesterday morning was broken
up by American artillery fire after two
batches of gas had been thrown into our
positions. The guns began pounding the
projectoi layout as soon as the first
fioik of "tin cans" was sent over, and
soon had pounrW the outfit to pieces.
During the attack the Germans dis
patched a patrol of sixty men against
American outposts in the gassed area,
expected to take some prisoners as a
result of the anticipated paralyzation
of tue defenders. The American outposts
were very much on the job, however,
hud met the Germans with a stiff rifle.
and grenade fire. In a two hour fight
the boches tailed to penetrate the Am
eiirnn wires and finally retired. Their
it sscs were cousliitiable.
I was the gutst yesterday afternoon
ami last night cr me clean eut, cheer
ful middle mbterncrns against whom
ihh attack js directed. Vesterday at
t.vni'on I lovrned to this position,
which had been the scene of the most
FAILS OF QUORUM
AT MEETING TODAY
Senator Wood Writes That
He Is Opposed to Deficien
cy Lime Appropriation
A meeting of the Emergency Board
was called for 10:30 this morning to
provide funds for the lime board, but
it did not meet' because of a lack of
members to make a quorum. The gov
ernor. Secretary Olcott and ' fctate
Treasurer Kay were present and Mr.
kudu put in an appearance from Mult
nomah. That was all, the other fivf
members not showing up. Senator
wood, the nestor of tho senate and
chairman of the ways and means com
mittee in the senate at the last ses
sion, was unable to attend but sent a
telegram which indicates he reads the
Capital Journal for he uses the same
language it used in discussing th!
aeneiency in the lime appropriation
His telegram reads: ; .
"Lnable to attend. If present
snoutd vote no. Beems to me that
amount appropriated should have pro
duced at least one ear load of fertiliz
er. Am afraid the .emergency board it
working overtime and unless a halt is
(Continued on page four)
ALLIES All PROUD
OF INITIAL VICTORY
Every Briton From General
Haig Down Enthusiastic
Over Yesterdays Battle
By William Philip Simma
(United Fress Staff Correspondent)
With the British Armies in Franc,
May 29. Every Briton, from Ha;g
down to the soldiers is enthusiastic o 'er
the way thp Americans Jickcd the Ger
mans iu the Montdidier region yester
day. When t entered a room, filled with
British officers yesterday afternoon
they spontaneously broke out in a
storm of handclnpping. They had just
heard that the Americans had taken
Cantigny, and it was their way of
showing their pleasured
"It isn'.t the .size of tlv? show that
counts in that affair, but the spirit
back of it," said one. "It is both a
threat and a promise."
He meant it was a threat against Ger
many and a promise to the allies of
bigger things in the future.
I- have known Cantigny well. It is
a village which boasts a chateau, situat
ed on a spur about 130 feet above the
valley of the Avre, below Montdidier.
With Grivesnes and Mesnil-Rt. Georges,
it is one of the most important points
in this part of the Bufl. .
The British army is eagerly watching
progress of the battle along the Aisne
where already four British divisions,
the Eighth, Twenty First, Twenty Fifth
and Fiftieth, have measured steel with
(Ooutind on page two)
co-'jcpntratcd' g". attack yet attempt
ed by tiu' CwiubLg is this area. I found
the fbeys' st'll tnecrful, despite their
wrorinwi a id the strain of the at
tack. Held i ' .fJciutPwution.
Tiu: Aincreaiis hold a difficult po
sition ' hec, It; oil tionchos running
through a wood and over several small
hills. Yesterday the wood was as bright
as Npriug f-.i'i nun could make it. Today
tho foliag? km vilud, trees were brok
en from the rain ol "tin can" gas
suvlli 'mid " Vound was torn up.
. Nature abovced the itotilts of the at
tack but the men were slill the same
confident chaws, eager to get at the
boches In reU! sHan. .
.A few of u.y iiicnds whom I had
seen yesterday weit missing. I found
them in a hospital nnder the motherly
care of American nurses. They ware
mostly boys who had taken off their
r: ;i;sks during the German patrol attack
in oider to see better how to direct
t'n.'ir rifle and grenade fire at the
'1 hey had been brought to the hospital
ia American ambulances in reniarknhly
quick taut. Despite their suffering they
ver t'atiiusiastic at the prospect of
yOD Siting another whack at the Gor-
Ml l.iS. '
Want to Get Back.
'(Jli, I'll be back with the boys in
i, couple of days," said one. "then
, (Continued on page two)
VALLEY WOOL WILL
Dealers Are Required to
Take Out Government
License for Buying
On the prices established by the gov
ernment for fleece wool farmers in
the Willamette valley are assured of
from 47 to 64 cents a pound, accord
ing to grade. This is for fleece wool
in the gnase.
Country dealers are required to se
cure a government license and that
wool may be concentrated and shipped
to manufacturing centers, the govern
ment has- selected distributing centers.
Portland is a center for range wools
but not for the fleeee wool of this
The only exception In regard to
sending to wool centers is that the
man with a clip of less than 1,000
pounds may sell to a buyer who is en
titled to a profit of two cents a pound.
But the farmer gets the government
price, according to the grade.
Wool in the Willamette valley it
known as "fleeee wool" and is to be
sold for cash and consigned. Portland
is not a government . distributing ecn-
(Continued oa page three)
1 War Summary of United Press f
1 1395th Day of the War; 69th Day of the Big Offensive
Aisne Front. Aided by fresh div
isions, the Germans last night continued
their advance on the wings of tho 40
mile Soissons-Rhcims front, but were
held in the center, the French war of
fice stated today. Fierce fighting is go
ing on along this front.
On the left, the Frejich apparently
haw withdrawn to the outskirts of
Soissons, nine miles from the original
On the right the French have retired
about . three miles, midway between
Bheims and the Aisne.
In the center, the French and British
apparently are holding . the Germans
along the south bank of the Vesle, al
though the Echo Dc Paris declared to
day that at some points the Germans
have attained a maximum penetration
of loi miles. -
The kaiser is on the Aisne front at a
IVVENTY ZONES LAID
OUT FORWAR WORK
An Execute of War Board
Will Be Located In Each
of These Cities -
Washington, May 29. Twenty nones
for decentralizing war industry have
been laid out and eenters chosen for
each, it was officially learned at the
war industries board today.
C. A. Otis, chief of the resources and
conversion section, will ascertain facil
ities for war work in each zone through
chiefs located at the folowing cities,
each controlling the industrial territory
tributary to it:
Boston, Bridgeport, New York City,
Philadelphia, Rochester, Pittsburgh,
Cleveland, Cincinnati, Detroit, Chica
go, Baltimore, Atlanta, Birmingham, 8t.
Louis, Dallas, Kansas City, Mo Bt.
Paul, Milwaukee, San Francisco and
Each will be an independent economic
unit as far as possible in product ion 'of
At each industrial zono center an ex
ecutive of the war industries board, the
war department and the navy depart
ment will be placed. Contracts will be
closed through these representatives
through which ' constant touch with
Washington as to government noeds,
prices and other technical matters will
Each zone center will compile data
regarding the, manufacturing equipment
the facilities, raw materials, labor and
fuel. ' -
Zone heads will bring manufacturers
in their district together and make pos
sible completion of products within the
zone. Cross-hauling of partly finished
goods will be maintained.
Four Killed When Train
Crashed Through Bridge
Waterloo, Iowa, May 29. Four men
were killed and between 20 and 30
persons hurt, some seriously, when an
Illinois Central engino and four cars
plunged through a bridge over Beaver
creek at Alpington, Bear here today.
Railroad officials declare the other
two men killed were railway mail
clerks. Tneir names have not been as
certained.' High water in Beaver creek is be
lieved to have weakened the Bridge.
The engine, tender, mail car, baggage
car and express and day coach plunged
through the bridge into too aocp
water. The train was westbound from
Cnicago to Omaha and carried many
passengers. ' ,
t ' Abe Martin I
Prof. Alei Tansey. is wearin' lay
down collars with his Prince Albert
coat. It don't git you anythink t ' give
uybuddy a nickel eigar.
point south of Laon, according to a Ber
lin dispatch received in Amsterdam. He
sent a telegram to the empress telling
them about the part the erown prince
and Prince Eitel Friedcrich played in
the German advance. . r
Pieardy Front Folowing the capture
of Cantigny by American troops, with
the taking of 182 prisoners, two suc
cessive German counter attacks were
repulsed, the French war office report
WeH Front General Allied military
officials, according to United Press
staff dispatches; declare tlie Hheims at
tack is part of the German's general
ofensive scheme. Before the' start of
the big offensive March. 21, Jhe Ger-
(Continued on page two)
Caused Wood's Removal
Washington, May 29. Major
General Leonard Wood was re
moved from command of his div
ision and relegated to command
of the Western department upon
mconimendution of Goueral Per
shing, it was learned on reliable
It was stated flatly that the
only hand the administration
bad in the matter was aecept
iug the recommendation of Per
si ing, upon whom this country
is now relying to win America 's
share of victory in the war.
Hello, This Is Cantigny!"
Message Is Phoned Only
45 Minutes After Attack
American Soldiers Rushed
Oyer Defenses and Hunted
Out the Boches
WANTED TO BE CAPTUEED
With the Americans In Pi
eardy, May 29. An instance of
the boches' anxiety to surren
der in the Cantigny battle was
furnished when a group of 20
tried to be captured by an un
"Jimmie" Hopper, ff!fftrtn
magazine writer, went over tho
top with the Americans. As ho
was enterihg Cantigny, a crowd
of Germans rushed out to him,
begging earnestly to bo taken
Hopper was nonplussed but
called to an oficers "Come and
get 'em.", ,,
By Fred S. Ferguson
(United Press Htaff Correspondent)
With the Americans In Pieardy, May
GERMANS PAY COST
FOR SMALL GAINS
Expert Thinks New Attack
Means Channel Ports
By J. W. T. Mason
(United Press War Expert)
Xew York, May 29. Von Hinden-
burg's persistent sacrifice of his man
power along the subordinate Aisne front
is the best evidence the Germans have
given that they conttder an advance to
the channel ports too difficult an enter
prise to be undertaken at this time.
The Aisne operation have gone too
far to be- considered solely as a feint.
Tho d"ath toll that has had to be paid
for tho gains in the territory has been
too heavy to justify the theory that Von
Hindciiburg has desired to create a di
version. The Aisne drive must be re
garded as a major operation, undertak
en in obedience to the clamor or Ger
man people for more victories. The real
victory, entailing the capture of Bou
logne, Calais and Dunkirk apparently
has been judged by the kaiser's ad
visers as too difficult to attempt. Ho
the German staff seemingly was order-
(Continued oa page three)
FLYERS TO EARTH
Three Are Destroyed and Twa
More DriveaDown Be
hind Uses i
. MAKING GREAT RECORD
Lieutenant Douglas Campbell
of California Also Suc
' With the American Army in Lorraine.
May 28. (Night) American airmen,
within the last 24 heura, have brought
down three German biplanes and have
driven down two others. The fate of
oiia nf ttiA lnHnr in imr.Ari.iLin. hut thu
other crashed down, apparently out of
Lieutenant Eddie Bickenbacher got
three of these, itwas said, including
ope of those that were driven down.
Lieutenant Douglas Campbell of
Chicago, former member of the Lafay
otto cscadrillo, brought one enemy
machine down in flames Monday morn
ing.' Monday night five American planes)
engaged two German biplanes, shoot-.
(Continued on page thread
29. American troops' chaTged' to tha
capture of Cantigny yelling i "Now,
we 're in Germany. Let ' wallop hell out
of 'em and go on to Berlin."
Back at headquarters, when the boya
went over, oficors waited anxiously for
news of the attack. After forty-fivo
minutes of fierce fighting, a voice over
the. field telephone: "Hello! This is
Cantigny! " ., : '."
And headquarters kneyr .the Ameri
cans had taken on of the most impor
tant towns on the Amiens front and
had won their biggest victory of th
war to date. . ' ' , '
The report came from a signal eorp
captain. Wire carriers, ignoring thai
German counter barrage, followed Am
erican infantry and French tanks in tha
attack. When Cantigny fell the field
telephone station was ready for busi
ness. The attack took place over a front
of more than a mile. Within 43 minute
aCtnv 4lin Inf'infvV liarl irnnA AVDP. PniV.
tigny, the chateau and several hund--red
yards of German second line
trenches were American territory. Tha
regiment sent back 182 prisoners, in
cluding five oficers.
After crossing the enemy trenches it
was a game of hunting the boche ma
chine guns A corporal attacked an en-
(Oontinned On page two)
'J UK All IV N H
I Ml nil I II If 11
nun tiiMmin tataio
mill IvilXMlS. IIIIMIX
mi i'iiihiiiiii iiiiniii
One Seattle Man Among the
Washington, May 29. Thirty cas
ualties in the American army fighting
in Fiance were reported by General
Pershing tcday, as follows:
Five killed in action; five dead of
wounds; ten dead of disease; one kill
ed in accident; seven wounded teverc-
Lieutenant Fracig A. Mcllvaine of
Indianaipotis was among thos report-'
ed killed in' action. ,
Major John F. Canmack of Bt. Louis
was wounded severely.
The list follows!
Killed in Action
Lieutenant Fraocis A. McJlvaine, Ia-
Privates J- Dameszkivics, Pittsburg,
i a- : -
Joseph - William Guyton, . Everett,
Clyde Marks, Indianapolis, lad.
Carl A. Sipher, 1121 Hftli awnua
norm, urew ra, mum.
(Continued on page thrae)