Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, May 28, 1918, Image 1

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Only Circulation In Balea Guar
anteed by the Audit Buraan. of
rUTT ' ,v GOT THfN
I J 1 1 II , JSl I J V I i ill E .ll O . i! il fl if jt-? :
British and French Attack' f Counter Offensive With Good
.Results-Germans Rely o Mainly In Gas Shells and
Clouds of Poisonous Va -French Machine Gunners
Hold Position Until Com " Attack Relieves Them
Offensive Only Gains at Tv l oints and Enemy Is Being
Held Ail Alongjine of Attivtv '
By William Philip Simms,
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
With the British Armies in France, May 28. (12:55
p. m.) British and French troops are counter attacking
southwest of Ypres. The fighting was still under way.
at the time of cabling. At that time they had already
retaken practically all of the ground which the . enemy
won yesterday.
There is a stupendous amount of gas shelling. The
Germans are putting in a perfect storm of these shells at
various spots, thus creating pockets of the heavy vapor
Avhich require only occasional and methodic "feeding",
A considerable area has been smothered in gas by this
yaethod, but a proof of its failure is the fact that the
French have retaken practically all the territory ceded
in the first German rus'h yesterday, which drove a wedge
east of Dickebusch lake, past two woods.
A counter attack captured both the woods, together
with a ridge which the Germans overran. A group of
machine gunners who were cut off on the ridge, refused
to surrender and fought like devils all day, until the
French retook, the -position in the evening.
Heavy gas shelling also is under way in the Amiens
region and along the Aisne heights, where the British
and French are engaged in heavy fighting.
None From Pacific Coast In
die List Aviator Lufberry
Among Killed
Washington, May 28. General P."r
Blilng.'g casualty list today to the war
department contained 38 names, divid
ed as follows: seven killed in action;
one dead from wounds; one from drown
ing, five from disease; 18 wounded se
verely; six missing in action.
Among the killed in action was the
name of Major Rnoul . Lufberry and
Lieutenant Walter B. Schaefer, Ottum
wj, Iowa, was reported as missing.
The list follows:
Killed in action: .
Major Haoiil Lufberry, Dieppe, France
Sergeant Carl Lc . Forge, Flemings
Wrg, Ky. - ' . .
Corporal Christian 8. Anderson, Spen
cer, Iowa.
Privates Arthur S. Cook,. Chicago.
James P. M'Kinnor, Batesville, Ark.
David N. Nehrenberg, Drake, N. D.
Ezra Woods, New Milford, Conn.
Died of wounds:
Private Joseph Ash, Lawrence, Mass
Died of disease?
Corporal Alexander Dodge, Algonac
Privates James Burton, Salada, S. C.
Alfred A. Ferguson, New York.
Walter P. Hennessey, 8eranton,.Ia.
William Roe, Russell, Kansas.
. Drowned: .
Private Mike Shade, Makarova, Rus
sia. Wounded severelv: - ,.
Sergeant Elijah F. r'ettis, Gordo, Ala.
Corporals John G. Flynt, Mount Olive,
Miss. ;, . ,
Ora I). ekermsn, Keleen, Ind.
Arthur Qtiiek, Kansas Citv, Mo.
Wagoner D."xter J. LeClair, Albany,
A. x. - - .
Privates Foster R. Barry, MeKi-esport
Timothy J. Callaghan, Ireland.
Boy B. Carter, Pun-cratawney, Pa.
James A. Holland, Brooklyn, N.-Y.
Arthur M. Hubbard, New Haven,
William Kearns, Morris Tart. N. Y.
A mar E. Lahue, Maiden, Mass.
Ben Moats, Oglesby, Texas.
Herman H. Beich, Elonvr, Wig. .
Samuel SchwarU, Chicago.
Jan Shelak, Detroit, Mich.
Michael T. Wllman, Ashland, Wis. i
There is every indication that the
enemy is putting everything he has
into this third and perhaps the ulti
mate phase of ihia offensive. It is be
lieved that large masses of German
troops are concentrated in the bulge
4n the front around Peronne. Boye,
Hain, Nesle and Noyon.
The allies cakvul&te that more than
100 G-cirman divisions (1,200,000 men)
of fresh, or comparatively fresh re
serves are at the kaiser's call. By
the usual rotation system others can
be brought into the offensive. "
The fact that' the German offensive
was resumed at three widely separate
.places Is regarded as significant. The
thrusta along the Aisne and into the
Ihills southwest of Ypres made some
progress in places, 'but the attack in
the region of Montdidier apparently
was stopped without trouble. The last
may have been only a feint.
(The attack "in the region of Mont
didier apparently refers to the three
German assaults on the American posi
tions there yesterdey morning, as these
were the only attacks reported in that
vicinity. Not ouly were they stopppd,
with heavy enemy casualties, but the
Americans penetrated far into the
German lines by a counter attack.
Simms' dispatch is the first reference
to this operation as a definite part
of the resumption of the German of
fensive.) The kaiser, in putting the crown
prince iu command of the operations
along the Aisne, probably hopes for
something big to develop that will re
store his hoar's prestige at home.
Whether the attack in this region is
a feint or the real thing, the kaiser
Knnot keep his hand 'hidden much
Haig 'a Official Report
London, May 2-3. The Germans are
pushing their offensive on both the
Aisne and Flanders fronts- Field Mar
shal Haig reported today.
linir the Aisne. which was crossed
,to tho left of the British sec-tor last
night, Haig said that enemy attacks
of great strength are developing on
the whole 40 mile front between Sois
sons and Rheims.
The fighting in Flanders, he said, Is
centered cast of Dickebusch lake,where
the Germans made temporary gains
against the French troops in the re
sumption of their drive yesterday morn
German 'forces crossed thfc Aisne riv
er late yesterday, Field Marshal Haig
reported today.
"Enemy attacks late yesterday, car-
(Continoed oa pugs six)
Missing ia action:
Lieutenant Walter B. fchafer, Ottum
wa, Iowa.
Privates J. Ialno, Bristol, Conn.
Raymand C. Kirby, New Haven, Com.
Anton Linhart, Bee, Nebr.
Charles M. McGovern, Charlestown,
Clarence Mitchell, M. Louis, Mo.
Advocates of Policy Pleased
with Wording of President
Wilson's Address
Washington,' May 28. Wealth con-
seriptiouists in congress today welcom
ed President Wilson to their ranks.
The president's suggestion that the
government would "naturally" look
to war profits, inuounes and luxuries to
furnish the new taxes was hailed as
evidencAig' the president's conversion
to their way of thinning.
At the same time opposition devel
oped in the president 's own party to
the forty-sixty tinancial policy he has
laid dowu.
Representative Kitchin, house demo
cratic leader aud chairman of the ways
and means ccnuuittee, which will
frame the bill, is balking at this to
day. Kitchin wants a larger propor
tion raised by taxation.
"There should be no attempt to fix
an exact ratio, said Kitchin. "But
a larger percentage than forty should
come fiom taxes. We must get these
huge profits while they are here to be
President Wilson has twice express
ed himself to congressional leaders as
strongly favoring this exact proiior-
tion, oitee in a memorandum to the
senate finance ceanmittee, and again
in response to. an inquiry oui Senator
Simmons as to whether be would ac
cept some other ratio. It was, his in
sistence on this exact proportion which
caused some senators to break away
last Saturday and upset what seemed
certain to be an amicable agreement
to postpone the bill until a special
session in November.
Republicans said they could not
(Continued on page two)
List of Those Residing In
Salem Who Took Part In
Great War for Union
Sedgwick Post No. 10, Grand Army
of the Republic was' organized in Sa
lem in September' of 1882 and since th
time of its first election of officers.
the names of 721 veterans of the Civil
war have been inscribed on its records.
Today the number has been reduced to
a bare hundred or more. .
During the past year the Post has
lost four members by death, J. L. Stock
ton, Elmore Y. Chase, John Herdlin and
John W. Pratt. .
Historians say that the Civil War was
fought mostly by boys and young men
iu their twenties. It was 53 years ago
that Lee surrendered to Grant at Appo
maitox and even .then, many members
of the Sedgwick Post No. 10, had been
in the war from the spring of 1861 when
(Continued on page three)
Union Services at First Meth
odist Church at 9 o'Cbck
In Morning
The Memorial Day program for next
Thui'slay will begin with a union ser
vice at the First Methodist church be
ginning at 9 o'clock and continuing
for one hour. Dr. R. N. Avison, pastor
of the church, will preside, and an ad-
dross will tie delivered by Governor
The program for the fcour of united
prayr is as follows:
Organ prelude by Prof. T. H. Roberts
Singing of ibymnNo. 703.
Players by Rev. G. L. Loved, Rev.
H. N. Aldrich and Rer. H. C. Stover.
Reading of the president's procla
mation by the Rev. R. 8. Gill.
' banpturo lesson by the Rev- George
F. Holt.
Address by Governor Withycombe.
Message from Dr. W. X Kantner.
Solo, "Teach Me to Pray," by A.
A. Schramm.
Intercession, by the congregation.
Solo, " Recessional" by Archie
Benediction by the Bev. F. H. Neff.
The president's Memorial day proc
lamation Is as follows:
'And, whereas, it has alwavj been
the reverent habit of the people of the
tnited mates to turn In bumble ap
peal to Almighty God for bis guid-
(Contiined on page two)
Enemy Attacked in Three
Strong Detachments This
Americans Then Counter At
tacked and Occupied
Trench Sector
Washington, Mav 2S. American
troops have occupied a German trench
sector inflicting hivy losses on the
enemy and taking some prisoners,
General Pershing cabled the war de
partment today in his official com
munique. The communique follows:
"In F.cardy, before daylight this
morning, the enemy, after a violent
bombardment with high explosives and
gas, attacked our positions in three de
tachments. In two places they pene
trated small portions of our lines.
Shortly afterward our troops counter
attacked, expelling the Germans at all
points and occupied parts of the Ger
man trenches. Heavy losses were in
flicted on the, enemy and some prison
ers were taken. . Our casualties are
light. In one case an American was
taken prisoner but was Rescued by
counter attack and all of his captors
were killed. Our troops displayed a
fine offensive spirit at all times and
have achieved a notable Buccess.
''During the early hours of the morn
ing in the Woevre, hostile forces, sup
ported by violent artillery fire, at-
(Continued oa page tlx)
Anna Held Would Ore v 7
toi See France Victor
.'.Ncw'Yoik, May 28. "I will
not die until France is again al-
' together-France, and tho Huns
arve driven back . across the
Rhine," Anna Held declared
4c today. Her physician eays the fa-
mous actress can live only "a
short time longer. Her disease,
known as multiple isnyolema,
$ causes disintegration of , tha-
bones. Her physician said today
4c that only a little more disin-
4c tegration would cause death.
General Uprfebg
Reported In Ukraine
4c Moscow, May 24. The peas- 4c
4s ants aro reported in an upris- 4c
4c ing throughout Ukraine.. They 4c
4c are burning crops, forests and
4 machinery. Conditions are par- 4c
4c ticularly baa in the Poltava dis- 4
trict. 4i
4c Garman artillery shelled towns 4c
4c in the districts of Duren, Kremt- 4c
4c chung, and Mirgorocl. The mhab- 4c
4c itants of the latter region, how-
4c ever, defeated the Germans by 4c
4c employing artillery and machine 4c
4c guns. 4c
4c Other clashes have occurred in 4c
4c Karitza and Dchlotonocha. 4c
t Abe Martin t
vmwm t. td
Speakin' o' airplane production, a
feller don't know which t' beliovet th'
movin' picture films or th' newspapers.
''You coulda' git th' men t' look at
an air rsid those days, tl'er no afraid
they 11 miss somethin ', " said Tawney
Apple, t'day.
28, 1918
1 War Summary of
1 1395th Day of the War; 69th Day of the Big .Offensive"
The Germans were, tstill pressing
their offensive today on both the
Aisne and Flanders fronts.
After forcing their way across the
Aisne at various points on the 14 mile
sector between Vailly and Bcrry-Au-Bac
last night, the enemy was attack
ing furiously along the entire Aisne
front this morning.
The French war office declared the
British anil (French were greatly out
numbered en this front, but reported
the arrival of reserves behind the
Aisne plateau.
On the Flanders front, the fighting
today was centering east of Dickebusch
lake, where the French repulsed the
Germans yesterday.
West Front The German offensive
was progressing today on both the Aisne
and Flanders fronts. In the former sec
tor, the fighting was still furious along
the entire forty mile line between 8ois
sons and Rheims, while in th. north the
battle had simmered down to a compara
tively local affair east of Dickebusch
lake, about four miles southwest of
The German offensive front now ex
tends il practically continuous line
Much of Territory Now Being
Menaced Has No Military
By J. W, T. Mason
(United Press War Expert)
New York, May 28, By crossing the
Aisne river, along the southern battle
front, tho Germans have improved their
defensive positions against a possible al
lied offensive in that' area, but they
have madojio gain which threatens ser
ious; consequences to toe allwd armies.
There are long stretches of territory
in the sector now tinder Von Hinden
burg's attack whieh ean be relinquish
ed with perfeet safety by General Foch
Marion County Case Decided
by Higher Court Today,
Sustaining Judge Kelly
Irrigated Land Company, a corpora
tion, appellant appealed from Marion
county. This was an action for money
had and received and is founded upon
a recession of a written contract be
tween plaintiff and defendant for the
sale by the latter to the fornw-r of 17.06
acres of land in Marion county, with a
water right, for the price of 4,26o. of
which $1,000 was paid at the time of
the contract, the balance being payable
in deferred payments. Defendant agreed
to furnish a certain amount of water
necessary to irrigate the land during
the isigation system of each year be
tween May J, and October 1, of eacli
About August 10, plaintiff gave de
fendant notice of recession of contract
offered quit claim deed to property and
to account for rents and profits, when
defendant repaid the $1,000 paid on con-
(Continued -on page two)
Every Alien of 14 or
Over Must Register
Every alien over the ago of 14 years
is expwted to eonv to Halem and regis
ter June 7 and 8 to comply with tin
law that prevent aliens from coming
within half a mile of an armory unlcsi
registered. .
lhi registering under this law must
be done, regardless of how many timet
oi where one has registered before.
8ince the military companies are per
manently establishd at the armory, th
law will be enforced that prohibit
aliens from coming within half a mile
of the armory unless registered.
If every alien who expects to come to
Salem is not registered here June 7 or
8, there is the chance of registering in
Portland. Thofc who do not are subject
to at rest and internment during the dur
ation of the war. .
Lut the main point with which auth
orities wish to impress aliens over 14
years old is that regardless of how many
times they have already registered, this
s a different proposition and they must
register again or take the chance of ar
rest and internment.
United Press 1
from DiTuiude to Kltoims, a distance of
approximately 233 miles. The Flanders
front from Dixmude to Labasse is
about 53 miles, the Picardy front froni
Arras to Coucy Le Chateau is about
175 miles. Between Labassce and Arraa
where artillery and rawing operations
have practically rousolidated the tWG
fronts, is 25 miles. The new Aisne front
froia boissons to ithei-as, is about for
ty miles. Between Soissous and Coucy
Le Chateau is, a short gap of about ten
miles. .
Tho Germans, according to both Brit
ish and French official statements today
have crossed the Aisne at several places
on the 14 mile front, between Vailly
and Berry-Au-Bac. This represents an
advance of more than four miles from
the line as it stood when the offensive
was resumed early yesterday morning.
It would also seem to confirm the Ger
man claim last night that the Ohemiu-dcs-Dames
had ben captured. This
famous highway parallels the Aisne for
about twenty miles at an average s
tance of three miles to the north. It was
believed yesterday that American troops
were involved in the fighting, as it was
(Ooutisud oa page two)
in exchange for heavy German casual
ties. The allies can better afford to lose
the ground than Von Hindenburg ean
afford to lose the men. It was in thjs
same Region that General Neville lost
his post as commandor in chief of the
French armies in the spring of 1917 be
cause of the failure of his offensive.
Neville at that time made a greater
advance than .Von Hindenburg has suc
ceeded In doing, but the French gov
ernment did not consider the heavy cas
ualties were worth the ground gained.
If, therefore, Von Hindenburg wishes
t pay the cost in slaughtered German
man power for a recovery of tho terri
tory that fell to the French last year,
General Foch undoubtedly will he eon
tent. Two other schools of strategy are
represented in the encounter. The
French removed thoir commander in
chirtf for doing what Von Hindenburg
expects to be worth iron crosses.
The, crossing of tho Aisne near Berry.
au-Bae puts tho Germans on the south
bank of the stream at a point where
the least damage can be done to the al
lies positions in tho rear.
Immediately to the south of Berry-au-Bac
aro ranges of hills that form
splendid trips fur the gathering of tolls
of death by the Anglo-Fr?nch forces.
At no placvs could it have suited Geueral
Foch's plans better that tho Germans
make headway in vxebange for the max
imum nunibe. of casualties.
The fact that Von Hindenburg ij at
tacking il great forcj does not yet sig
nify certainty that he has thrown tho
full weight of a great major offensive
Into tho Aisne drive. It may be uis
crafty purpose to try to entico General
Foch into moving the flower of the al
lies reserves into the Atsne and then
suddenly shift the attack to the Amicus
m Ilazcbrouck-YpreB sectors.
General Foch, however, proved by hi i
tool judgment during Von Hindenburg'
recent Lpros offensive that he is not
easily enticed into using up his reserves
it probably will require far greater
pressure to bo called into action. Von
Hindenburg is far more likely than Foch
to be out generaled by tho test.
Notorious Larry Sullivan .
About to Pass In Checks
' Poift'sfiid, Or., May 128 Uwrdncc
(Larry) Hullivan, ono time millionaire,
but more recently night watchman,
pflissed an easier night at ft, Vincents
hospital, but those, attending him to:
day did -not hold out much hopo for his
Wtitlivan, who camo here from 8t.
Louie ini hig early youth, is suffering
from Brights disease and heart trouble
Larry Hullivan once was a profes
sional boxer of note. Jim Coibott said
if he had had stronger hands he would
have, been a world champion.
But Larry 'n chief interest was poli
tics, in the pursuit of wlru-h at one
tune he even went so far as successful
ly to hold off a squad of police at the
primaries with a shotgun. '
Sullivan was reputed to be worth $3,-
000,000, which he made in the Nevada
gold fields,but this he lost. For years
he conducted a sailoi boarding house.
More recently he was forced to work
as waltchman for a shipyard.
"Oakland, Cal.,' May 28 Fire early
today destroyed a tannery and a tack
and nail factory in binCrynllo with
aa atunated io of $100,000. For a
time the flames threatened the big
plant of the Judson Iron Works, but
the fare was under control at i a. m.
The Hood Packing company' tan
nery and the Swift Tack and. Nail
company's plant were practically destroyed.
STANDS mi ft rr
iFoBcwhg Attacks Americans
Drive Germans Back by
Counter Thrusts
Shells Break Near Field Hos
pital But Women Nurses
Stick to Work .
By Fred S. Ferguson
( Cmied Press staff correspondent)
With the Americans in Picardy,
May 27. (NiKht) Three determined
attacks, in the -nature of large scale
raids, were delivered against the American-
lanes this morning. The first,
before Fontaine-8ous-MontdWIier, was
at :15. The second and third were
launched simultaneously at 7:30, one
to the right of C'antigny and the other
again before Fonloine-Hous-Montdsdier
AH were repulsed with heavy German
Not only were the attack repulsed,
but the Americans drove the bodies
fram'thedr trenches in a counter at
tack, holding tho captured positions
until they were ordered to withdraw
to their original Kne.
The first attack was preceded by a.
barrage and fallowed the pounddng of
tho American rear positions by enemy
artillery all through tho night. The
bochea advanced in two waves, in face
of heavy machine gun and artillery
fire. They succeeded in cntorio.; our
lines, but a counter attack, was iaiune
ttiately organized and they wera driv
en oui.
The retreating Gcamaos wre taking
an American prisoner with theui. when
several ef his eomradee'iea.ppd from the
trenencs, caught up with the boches,
killed the entire party guarding the
prisoner and brought him bach.
The second assault before Pontaine-Soirs-Moirtdwlicr
was as violent as the
first, but the enemy was unable to
penetrate the American dines. The
counter attack then carried the Am
ericans' Into the ' boches' line which
they held for tnoro than an hour.
Near C'antigny, the Germans got such
a hot reception that they did not at
tempt to repeat th assault. Observer
reported heavy enemy losses, artillery,
machine gun and rilirf fire cutting
down the advancing boches who left
a great number of dead in Ne Man'
I .and.
Tho tlireo attacks netted the Amicri-
(Coatinued on page three)
London, May 28. Although the Brit
ish losses admittedly are considerable,
the lateat report from the front to
day Indicated that the enemy's casual
ties are extremely severe, as a result
of some of the fiercest fighting since
March 21.
While appreciating the gravity of
tbe situation, In view of the crossing
of the Aisne, military circles are calm
ly confident that the enemy will be
unable to accomplish his obvious pur
pose of weakening '..the ..other fronts,
where the main attack undoubtedly
will be projected.
Amsterdam, May 28. German news
papers are enthusiastic about the
crown prince's progress In the Chemln-des-Dames
region, pointing out that
this demonstrates the German offen
sive power is not broken.
.-rue suvauco is uaura s a nounn
jsollern dynastic victory, In which the
future kaiser Is ,' striking Uis final
blow toward victory."
London, May 28. British resistance
north of Rheims, at the extreme right
of the r.tw Aisne front is being well
maintaine.l, according to Information
received by the Evening Standard!
this afternoon.
The enemy, however, is said to have
progressed further against the French
lines, to the west.
Borne, May 28. Italian troops broke
through successive enemy defenses near
Caposile to the depth of seven hundred!
and fifty ..meters ..Sunday night, the
Italian war office announced today.
, Considerable losses were inflicted on
the ..enemy .and ..440 ..prisoners, four
trench mortars and ten machine inns
were taken.
The days in which yon can "buy war
savings stamps at $4.16 are becoming
few. Take time by the forelock and
get into the game before June itMm