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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (May 22, 1918)
Thursday fair; '
jl . ; 3. 't I
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 121
SALEM, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, MAY 22, 1918
PRICE TWO CENTS
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-v V .
TOLL OF T0RNAD6
Middle Western States Suffer
THREE CENTRAL IOWA
TOWNS ARE HARDEST HIT
Several Wisconsin Counties
Were In Direct Path of
Chicago- May 22. Reports rf ut
least 22 dead and seven injured were
Teeeived here today from tornado cen
ters in Iowa, Kansas and Wisconsin
Lone Rock, Wis, reported five deaJ
there, in last night's twister.
, In Borne, Iowa, where four persons
were suid to "have been killed, fifty
houses were w reeked, Newton, Iowa,
reported two dead, and Jk-nison Jowa.
The Kansas death toll stood at ten
in a wrecked track extending across
Kilis and Hooks counties.
Elewu Dead lu Iowa
IK Moines, Iowa, Alny 22. Eleven
aud possibly mom perecim are dead,
about aixty are injured and property
damnge will run high as the result of
a tornado which .strineft three central
Iowa towns late Tuesday.
At Boo.no the dead list totalled sev
en whilo Newton reports said two per
ished there. Another life was lost at
'Denison. These reports came from
rouuiluibout sources and indications are
that when wire commnMuication with
t,lie towns is tvsmued the dead and in
jured lists will swell,
Boone reports said at least itwo of
Hie injured in hospitals there would
The, known deail at the three towns
Boone: Mrs. Frauk B. Roberts, small
son oif Mrs. Roberts; J. Bills and the
naby of a railroad' tacit ion worker.
Three others are reported dead hers.
Newton: Lewis Reed ami a boy em
ploye of the Maytag factory.
Deniaou: Eiuinit Filling.
Today more than 40 hotuws, by act
ual count, were wrecked toy the full
force of the tornado,.
Alt Walker, in Linn county, Mrs.
"William Osainann was killed when her
house collapsed. A neighbor of Mrs
Oisstnann -was injured by flying wreck-
nge. There was some damage to tkt
Htrm land in the neighborhood of
The- twister is also reported to have
done eon'sidera'ble damage to Boone
t-ouinty. No deaths or injuries are re
ported from outside Boone, however.
The wcrst damage at Newton occur
red, at the big Maytag Washing Ma
chine factory where the roof of the
entire building was blown off .and the
corner of a nearbv plant torn awny
The city electric light plant was out
of commission tor the ntg'nt witn con
In Crawford county, with Denison
.as the center, the storm did consider
able damage to farms and farm build
inga Barns, liomes and outbuildings
were torn down end many persons in
jured. Eight teams of horses were re-
ported Sx'led near Arcadia in Draw
ford county. It wa9 also reported that
a Calthoiic church near hare was blown
down. A Ida Grove several buildings
(Continued on page three)
-Who Temembers when a grocer
wouldn' stoop t' break a cracker in two
t' make th' scales balancef TIT up-t'-date
wv?ddia' account is now devoted t'
th' groom' rank instead o' th' bride's
AMERICAN NAVAL AVIATOR
tling Four of These His
chine Was Sent Down
Washington, May 22 That Ameri
can naval aviators have operated over
Heligoland bight, was revealed today
when the committee on public infor
mation announced the death of Ensign
Stephen rotter, U. 8. N. R. F, Detroit,
Mich., in a speo'aeular lattlo with sev
en enemy single eeatera.
Fotter aud a companion battled gal
lantly against the V-shniwd flvittg
wedge of the Teutons ami only quit
when his ma-hine. in flames, came
crashing down on the port wing tip-
llie last seen or linn was on the sur
face surrounded by burning oil. Sud-
ienly a cloud of mokp oraeured him
aud machine and man disappeared com
The London representative f the
committee tells the story:
!'Six weeks after Stephen Potter.
I'. S. N'. R. F., had shot down a Oer
nian seaplane in Helisjo'and 'bight the
enemy got him in the North sea. Pot
ter was killed on April 25 in a fight
With seven -enemy single waters. He
was second pilot to a British .royal air
force captain with whom he shot down
a German last March.
Story of the Tight
"Potter left a North gia s' at ion in
a British Seaplane and steered due east
until six mil rs from Hinderlight. An
other iplnne accompanied Potter and
kept position to the starbinad through
out the fl-ctiou. Two enemy planes were
sighted to port hearing toward them
thing low. Both British planes dived
GERMANY'S IRISH ALLIES
DEFIANT STILL BUT SHAKY
Enst Is Made That Rebel
Companies Still Drill In
By Webb Miller
(Pni'eJ Press staff correspondent
Dublin, May 22.--The Sinn Fein in
Ireland is rpcovoiiug from its first
shock of surprise and consternation,
ft is determinedly pushing plans to
resist conscription, rebuilding its shat
tered organization, appointing new
leadens iu the country districts ami
strengthening its weak places.
The organizaition 's headquarters
boasts that Sinn Fein companies are
drilling in the more remote sections
of tho country. Scveal aids in an ef
fort to steal arms aud ammunition are
.There -are rumors that the govern
ment intends to confiscate the million
dollars in thi anti-conscription fund.
As a result the Irish, Independent ad
vises local treasuers to take necessary
measures to protect the money.
TemH)iarily, the Sinn Feiners have
turned their attention from the fate
oif their leaders to preparation for re
sistance to coiiiMcriptfion which", they
fear, looms behind tho present situa
Meanwhile, .the alliance with the na
tionalists is becoming shaky. It is only
helil together by common fear of con
scription. A large cra"k appeared at the Man
sion house when such a violent mani
NOW OVER SIX THOUSAND
Total Subscriptions to -Three
Bond Issues Now Nearly
When the first Liberty Louu was of
fered to the people of Sahm, there vas
only 543 people iu the city who respond
ed to the first call of the government
for hflp in raising money to tarry on I
When the secomj liberty loan was of
fered, the people of the city had be
come awakened to some extent that
money was reeiuirad to win the war, and
16")i subscribed to the loan.
But when the Third Liberty loan was
offered, the western drive was on, pco-'
pie become aware of the vast import
ance of moiv?y in carrying on war, and
subscriptions were received from 4,206
by the four banks in the city.
la the first liberty loan, when only
543 subscribed, the total amount raised
in the city was 200,950, and. average of
370.70 for each subscriber. A few larg
subscriptions brought the average up
to this amount.
When the second liberty loan wag of
fered, the sum of 623,100 was subscrib
ed by 1656 living iu the city and vicin
ity. The average for this second libertv
loan was 376.26. This average was also
caused by several large subscriptions.
about a hundred yards apart, closing
upon the nearest German.
"Fire opened from both at close
"Potter 'a companion had emptied
one drum when the gun jammed. Twn
more hostile planes then appeared over
head attacking vigorously. Both Brit
ous turned to the west, pursuing one
of the lower enemy who was soou lost
to view. Three- otheis passed astern,
following at a sharp angle. Potter was
close above h'm companion and dove
to within 100 feet of ttie water. Both
machines tlattened out and Potter's
companion, being faster, throttled:
down until Potter came abreast. Thus
they ran westward at full speed close
together for several minutes under con
tiuuouis volleys fiom the rea.
Four More Attack Him
"Four more enemy planes now ap
pcared.in V foimntiou. Of seven Ger
mans in action four were attacking
Potter and the others his companion.
Potter fell behind and began to zig
zag. He first veered -slightly to star
load and then turned at right angles
"Again his companion throttled
down to let him catch up and began
climbing to reduce the headway. Pot
ter dodged again but was ithen broad
side to all enemy .machines and under
their fire only fifty fecit from the wa"
ter. His companion then saw Potter's
machine burst into flames, come down
part, of the way under control, then
crash on the port wing tip.
"Prtter was last seen on the sur
face amid flames, which turned sudden
ly to a huge cloud oi smoke.
"Two of the enemy circled over the
spot and then joined the other five.
When the pall had cleared not even
the 'wreckage was visible."
festo was proposed by tho radicals that
John Dillon and others balked. ,Thc
manifesto wasi toned flown as a re
sult. So long as conscription is hang
ing over their heads, the alliance will
be held together after a-fashion.
The Herald says it would be a fatal
mistake to junvp at the conclusion that
bcieauise a month has elapsed ' ' the gov
ernment has abandoned its nefarious
designs upon it:ho manhood of the
John Dillon, x-hninnan of the United
Irish league issued a statement today
declaring that nationalist members
who have absented thcimselves from
the British parliament for some time
"It has never been onr plan to ab
sent ourselves permanently," Dillon
said. "I can't say, however, just
when we will return. Ireland has been
thrown into confusion by the f utile
and mischevious proceedings of the
grvvcfrnlment. To desert parliament
would be an adoption of the Sinn
"I am extremely skeptical that the
government will offer home rule- I
can't understand what game the gov
ernment is playing- I am neither in
the councils cf the governments nor
the Sinn Feiners."
Tho manifesto issued by the anti
conscription conference, whix-h met at
the Mansion house, denouncing the
Sinn Fein arrests as an atempt to dis
credit and disrupt Ire'and 's united re
sistance to conscription and to preju-
(Continued on page three)
But for the third Liberty loan, al
though the amount raised was not as
large as that of the second loan, the
number of subscribers jumped from 1656
for the second loan to" 4,206 for the
third. In other words the third loan was
most emphatically the people's loan.
with an average of H46 29 for each sub
scriber. The third loan brought in 615,-j
200 according to the records of the four
banks in the city, and subscriptions arei
made only through the banks. j
The average loan per subscriber for
the three loans is 224.58. For thfl third
loan, takiug out several subscriptions of
large amounts, the average ncr sub-1
scriber would hardly figure up to 100.
tor matters of comparison, the three
liberty loans iu Salem, the number of
suberilvrs and amounts subscribed arc
First Liberty loan, Subscribers 543;
total subscribed, OO.SSO.
Secpud Liberty loan, subscribers 1656;
total subscribed, 623,100.
Third Liberty loan, subscribers, 4,206;
total subscribed, 615,200,
Total number of subscriptions, 6,405;
total amount subscribed, 1,439,250.
When the three Liberty loans ar
paid in full by SaU-m sub'cribers, al
most a million and a half dollars will
have been contributed by the people
here towards carrying on the war.
H DIVER BASES
BY BRITISH RAIDS
Zeekugge and Ostend Will
Be Abandoned Soon Is
PARIS RAIDED LAST NIGHT
BY GERMAN AIRSHIPS
German Prisoners Say People
Believe War Will End
Within Year In Draw
ABANDON DIVES BASES
Berne. May 22. cerman nav&l mth.
oritles are preparing to abandon Zee.
oiugge and usend as U-boat b.vei, be
cause of the recent blockades effected
by British naval forces and the constant
harrassing of British bombing planes,
according to intoruiauou received iron)
AIR RAID ON PARIS.
Paris, May 22. Three persons were,
killed In last night's air raid on Paris.
the Matin announced Way.
One enemy airplane was brouga: o.ot;b
it w:n officially announced todaj. There
were some casualties from home. -
"The enemy last night dropped a few
bombs in the suburbs," the statement
"Thsro were soma victims and some
damage. Our artillery brought down one
By William Philip Simms
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
With the British Armies in France,
May 21. (Night). -German troops anil
"home folks" believe the war will be
over this year, that it iH end iu a draw
and that Germany will succeed in ob
taining good peace terms,, according to
These prisoners also repeated tho ru
mor that Fie-lel Marshal Hindenbiiig is
dead. l.i fact, they sav tho Prussian
"war god" has Ueen dead for somo
tim,?. lu support of this they point to
Field Marshal Mackensen's alleged ap
pearance on the west front. Allied army
officials, however, plsco no credence in
tho rumor of Hindeiburg's demist.
1 understand that th.3 French aud
Belgian civilians re still forced to
work on the battlefields behind the Ger
man lines, but they i'e"makiug th? Ger
mans furious because they do so little.
The French popu'atiou iu the terri
tory held by the enf my is said to be m
(Csntinued on page six)
Jess Baldwin Now
Located On Elk Creek
Eugene, Or., -May 22. Jeff
Baldwin, convict escaped from
the state penitentiary at Salem
has been definitely located on
Elk cr.-?ek west of Toledo, ac-
cording to information received
today by members of the Oregon
military police here. '
The report stated Baldwin's
tracks' had been ideiit.Tied mid
that the military police are clow?
on his trail.
Baldwin escaped May 12 by
walking from the prison gates in
Nearing One Million
Soldiers In France
Washington, May 22. Pre-
I uicuiig mat tne i mien mates
win nave ucrween iour million
and five million men under
arms before July 1, 1919,
Representative CharU's Cald-
, well, New York, member of
the military committee, today
gave the house an official sum-
mary of America's fighting
Within one year after the first
Americans left for France.
this nation will have one mil-
lion men on the west front,"
Caldwell, who is close to the
war department, asserted.
"During the first ten day
of May the troop movement
totalled 90,000 men."
Caldwell quoted official fig-
ures showing that the army by
June 1, will have 1,889.894 men
and 148,328 officers In the
service, or a total of 2,038,222.
They are divided as follows:
Regular army 10,295 604,677
Reserve corps 79,038 78,50
National guard 16,906 411,95'i
National army 33,894 310,963
On special duty 8,193
, Drafted in April : j. 150,000
Drafted in Mav 233,742
Totals 148,328 1 889,891
j War Summary of United Press j
I 1389th Day of the War; 63rd Day of the Big Offensive
American front The official eom-i
munication issued from American head-!
quarters last night said that prisoners
were taken in reconnaissances in Lor-:
raine and that enemy and American
artillery was active in Lorraine and
the Woevre district.
Fred S. Ferguson cabled from tho
Picardy front that resumption of the
German offensive may include that
region which is one of the principal
defensive areas before Amiens.
American aviation service A Wash
ington disatcb. reported American
naval aviators operating over Heligo
land bight, the body of water adjoin
ing the famous German naval strong
hold on the Island of Heligoland.
British front (Field Marshal ITaig
reported successful British raids
southeast of Arras, in the Meteren
sector and north of the Vpres-Coniiiies
canal. A German raid north of Albert
France One enemy airplane was
brought down by anti-airoraft guns
when a raid was attempted on Paris
last night. Several bomb3 were drop
ped in th- suburbs, causing some dam
age. The Matin said that thro per
sons were killed.
IN TAX BILL FIGHT
Secretary of Treasury Work-
t . f n l
uig iii List ot facts and
VMhingtoiI. '"Alay22. President
Wilson has decided to etand behind
Secretary MeAdoo in the tax bill
This development today convinced
menilbers of congress that a revenue
measure cf some kind would be forc
ed through this session. -
McAdoo himself worked during the
day on facts and figures to present to
nieiitbeia of tho house and semite fi
nance committees later thi week.
Decisie.n of the president to support
McAdoo 's contention for a tax meas
ure tjh i-s session will probably result
in early opening of work on the meas
ure by kouso and gouaite committees.
Congressional leaders believed that
congress probably will recess from time
to time whilo tho committees are work
ing thus enaihling senators and repre
sentatives to get back home for pre
election campaigning and at the same
time be on time when the time comes
for considering tho measure.
Thnre in a distinct ditlferenco of
opinion in President Wilson's cabinet
regarding thle -need for a tax bill this
session. Postmaster General Burleson
(Continued on page three)
OF REED COLLEGE
French Wounded Taken Care
of As Never Before In
President W. T. Foster of Heed Col
lege, who spoke at tho armory last
evening under the auspices of tho R'd
Cross brings tho cheering assurance lost
from his personal observations, the ter
ritory taken by the Germans in their
last drive was of no real military impor
tance. The French had no adequate means of
caring for their wounded and the thous
ands who were returned from Germany
as unfit for military duty until the Am
erican Red Cross had established itself
iu evry section of the country, he said.
As an evidence of the great work
being done iu Franco by the Red Cross
Mr. Foster noted the fact that French
soldiers, when wounded preferred to be
sent to an American hospital.
In referring to the pure enssedness of
the Germans, the speaker from person
al observation saw where Red Cross hos
pitals had been bombed, where Getman
air planes had swooped down killing
women and children, where fields had
been filled with explosives that farnvrs
in plowing might be maimed, poisoned
wells, and even the destroying of birth
and death records in the cathedrals
'where the Germans bad taken posses
Mr. Foster complimented the British
(CaaUnucd on page three;
Ireland Webb Miller cabled that
Sinnfeiaers are recovering from the
surprise and shock of the government's
sudden niiest of their leaders and are
making preparations to fight enforce
ment of conscription. Miller forecasts
a split between the Sinn Feiners and
the Irish nationalists.
Victim of Submarine
Washington, May 21. Loss of the
Ani?nean tanker William Rockefeller at
s:a has been officially reported to the
niivjr department. Details arc lacking,
but a supplementary report has bcwn
'J'ue department is withholding an an
: omiceuicqt of the loss until it publishes
Ji" cupidities involved.
'the Viliium Rockefeller was a steel
steamer of ",1.)7 tons displacement, wifh
u car viug ia;iaciiy of 5,217 tons of pet
rob um in lull.. She was built by W.
Cr.iirii mid ius at Philadelphia in 1916.
f-'h? was 3u.3 feet long, had a bean
of CVi feet aaei a draft of 33.3 fevt.
She wn owi:eii by the Standard Oil
ei'iniimy if Iew Jersey, and was regis
tered at Bayonne, N. J.
forty eight names
SEVEN OF THESE DEAD
Thirty-Eight Wounded Severe
ly and Three Slightly 3
Killed la Action
Washington, May 22. Forty eight
nanncs appeared on fhe American cas
ualty list announced by the war de
partment today. Three were killed in
action; two died of diseases; two died
of wounds; thirty eight were wounded
severely and' thu'o wounded slightly.
Lieutenant Robert H. Long, Houston,
Texas, was among those reported
wounded severely. Private Richard W.
Johnson, who was previously reported
missing, has new re-joined his com
pany. Killed In Action
Corpoal Mark L. O'Ncil, Hullsteud,
Privates Henry Dahlia, Superior,
Harry N. Miller, Kansas "tty, Mo.
Died of Disease
Sergeant Frank T. Crowder, Law
Civilian Francis Green, San Fran
cisco. Died of Wounds
Corporal Thomas G. Speck, Living
Private Joe C. Veungell, Common
weal' h, Wis.
(Continued on page three)
UNITED PRESS HEAD
Roy W. Howard Banqueted
by Editors of Leading
Rio De Janeiro Paper
Rio Do Janeiro, May 22. The editors
of OPais, upon inaugurating the Unit
ed Press service here, gave a luncheon
iu honor of Roy W, Howard of New
York, president of the United Press at
which Edwin V. Morgan, American am
Joao Lage, director of O Pais made an
aUdress in which he referred to the im
portance of this service and said that
the United Pncss will be associated with
a paper that has most devotedly prais
ed the policy, and solidarity of the
United States and a perfect understand
ing between all' nations.
Referring to Howard, Lage said it
was "most agrjeablo to recognize id
him the rare qualities of sagacity and
expansion capable of forming the cur
rents of opinion which will serve as
as solid basis for great international
work, such as being carried out in
Azvdo Maral, editor of O Pais, read,
at the request of Ambassador Morgan,
a telegram transmitted by Secretary
Lansing regarding the opening of the
United Press service in Brazil. Morgan
then referred to tha approach of a bet
ter understanding between the Amer
ican countries which could be attrib
uted to the United Press developments.
(GoutiBUtd on page two)
Enemy Y Aerial Squadrons
1 IX !
Aciive uay and togiit
Over Pershing's Lines
ATTACK MEN IN LINES
WITH MACHINE GUNS
Americans In Lorraine Cap
ture lerman Prisoners la
By Fred S. Ferguson'
(United Pr."ss Staff Correspondent)
With the Americans in Ticardy, May
21. Resumption of the German offen
sive may include this regiou.
The enemy's persistent aorial activity,
day and night and the marked quietude
of artilbry fire may be the forerunner
of the storm. Tho boches have been par.
ticulurly quiet during the past "36 hours,
except aerially, -
The Germans have not dug in exten
sively in tho Cantigny and Montdidier
region, possibly indicating that it is no
part of th.v'ir plau to establish thoir line
there, but rather to continue their effort
to push on farther.
When the blow comes, it is entirely;
possible that the allied lino will giva
somtwhat iu a few places. No sane man
would attempt to take a blow full on
the chest. He would lessen the force by
drawing back his body, thus giving
greater freedom to the rebound.
Tho boche aviators are taking des-'
peiate chances in an effort to cross the
'lines, to search for the telltale dujt
clouds along the Anvruan roads aud
photograph the towns aud various po-,.
Si.t of the enemy's airmen flew over .
the American front line today and open
ed fire with their machine guns, trying
to shoot down tho men in tho trench.es.'
Tho latter responded with their rifle .
aud drove them off.
Tho Germans continue their night "
bombing aud sporadic long distance -shelling.
Thoy shelled a town far in
the rear last, night, killing two women l
and two children. The shell came from -a
distance of at least 22 kilometer
Th.'ie were occasional bursts of ar-
tlllery fir,.' today, however. From the '
rear German lines great clouds of dust
arose marking the passage of wagons,
automobiles, and men along the rouds.
The hot sun poured down on the men iu
the trenches and gun positions. All thd
rouds are .extremely dry uud dusty.
Capture German Frlsoners.
With the American Armies in France,
May 21. (Night....). The official com
munique issued at American beadquar-
tors- tonight said:
"Jn reconnaissance combats In Lor- '
mine we captured prisoners. Both artilf .
leiics were active in Lorraine and th
The war depart men I today Issued the
following supplement to General Per-'
siting's report: '
"Lust night in Lorraine patrolling
was very active, especially on our side.
One patrol consisting of one officer and
twenty men exploring a hostile position,
gained contact and opened fir on a
German patrol ot approximately the. .,
same size. German patrol toon cover ana
returned fire, Our patrol rushed yosi-
tiou, put enemy to flight and captu'rod
two prisoners. One prisoner died of
wounds after reaching our lines. Out .
patrol suffered no casualties. Latel in
the night a small hostile patrol attempt- '
ed to rush one of our outposts, but .
was driven out by rifle f im.. One Ger- ;
man was killed and his body brought ,
into our lines." . .
uilding Beats :
Detroit, Mich., May 22.
"More ships are being built in
the United Statlee tlAa .Ger-
man submarines can possibly
sink,". Charles M. SikwaJ), di-
rector general of governmeat
shipbuilding. said here floday. t
"The Groat Lakes district
yards will build 200,000 more ? '
deadweight hip tonnage in the '
fiscal year beginning July I,
than was built in the entire
country during the if tswl year "
ending June 30, 1917."
$25,000 A BITE
San Franeisco, May 32. Mis Aa- ,
nette Bnrkloa wante $35,003 damages)
because she aver, her marriflgafrifcty
was reduced to nil when s dog named
Prince bit her on the lip. Her wait it
against Mr. and Mrs. Milt Bsberfe
in whose home iho was, sudd,