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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (May 20, 1918)
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FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 119
SALEM, OREGON, MONDAY, MAY 20, 1918
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS A 153 XTW1
BTANDS riTI criNT
flu ft 6ov
7' J,N0W ,
ft toiifc fl JUtrm
1 ? 1 . ii if
flenai Activity Alone mari
: Return of Almost Perfect
GERMAN MACHINES ARE
: POORLY CONSTRUCTED
Australians Capture Village
: of Ville-Sur-Ancre Taking
. Many Prisoners
" By Willi am Philip Simms
(diked Press staff correspondent
With uhe British Armies in Prance,
May lt. Mid summer heat shiamers'
along the battler lines, where au auiax
ing calm prevails.
1 have seldom seen duller .days, even
jliiritig the slushy trench warfare of
Beyond raids and an occasional row
raised by -the artillery as though an
ry at being awakeued tihe soldiers
e-ppenr to be having a holiday.
: But war planes are constantly whirl
ing over the line and the lair fignting
is heay. The week's tota1 bag of en
jiiy craft probably will come near the
lecord. 1 hear many enrany stories prov
iug tho statement made some months
agio that the German planes are now
ladly constructed. A captured pilot
declared that the material is bad. both
wires and tubing often snapping in
mid air, wrecking the planes.
I personally examined the famous
Baron Kichthoffn's machine in which
he .met his death. I was surprised to
detect numerous crudities in his plane
which one might think would be ex
tremely well ntade. The fuslage (body)
was made of ateei tubing, like that' us
ed in making bicycle frame The joints
deemed carelessly welded.
; (Ivrinan planes frequently fall to
piccosi during an aerial combat, when
stunts must be resorted to in order to
liriitg machine guns to bear on their
opponents or to escape from a tight
hole, as the oas-B may be.
A prisoner said the Germans are
having great difficulty Sn finding air
men. Their casualties were many while
training at Mie station where he learn
ed to fly. He estimated that only 30
jter cent of the pupils ever Teached
the line. Tho rest were killed while
The scarcity of officers now render
it mtoesisary to send up privates as ob
GREAT GERMAN FORCES. "
By Henry Wood
(United. Press staff correspondent (
. With the i'raneh Armies in the Field
May 19. (Night) In preparation for
resumption of their offensive, the Ger
mans have concentrated HO of their
best divisions between the North and
(Continued on page four)
RETURNS FROM IRION
W. Al Jones and Louis Lach
Mund Are Nominated
for State Senators
"Following is a summary of the com
plete vote for Marion county:
County Ticket .
. State senator Brown 2438, Jones
2Si5, Uchmund 2858, LaPollctt 2810.
Representative Dinwoodie 30H2,
Hughes 3895, .lones 4082, Looney 3871,
Martin 3(i2, Riggs 3253, Weeks 70.w
. County judges-Adams 2453, Bushey
County commissioner Feller 1843,
Ooulet 2173. Robertson 1433.
Justice of the peace, Hall em district
-Havey 1407, Unruh 1GWJ.
Constable, Salem district Acheson
528, DeLong 1409, Robertson 280,
Southwick 83fi. .
- - State Ticket
" 'Natiorta! eoniiniittenan Dtetuiis
2145, Williams 3211,.
V. S. senator, short term BurUn
1531, Mulkey 2ft2S, 8ehna.be 816: long
term MoNary 5170, Stanfield 1174.;
; Governor Anderson 230, Harley 37C.
Moser 400, Oleott 2o31, Simpson ib,
I Treasurer Adam! 249, Cusick 1035.
Hoff 961. Plummer 177, Ryan 1970,
Justice supreme eourt Coke 687
Johns 826. Kelly 4144.
Labor commissioner Daiziel 1323.
Cram 17S7. Houston 883, Niekum 734
Public service commissioner Miller
3428, Williams 2069.
m l AC niu
UULL HO If 111
Superintendwt of water division. Xo.
(Omtiauel on page two)
GERMANS MAY USE WARSHIPS
CAPTURED FROM RUSSIANS
With Help of AIKes They May
Be Able to Send Fleet
By J. W. T. Mason
(I'nited Press War Expert)
V York, May 20. Possibility that
U nans may attempt to use the
eat. ?o Russian fleet in tho Black gea
to raid shipping in the Mediterranean
is presenting a new naval problem for
the allies in Near Eastern waters.
When the Germans took possession
of Russiau warships in the Black sea
they secured a fleet comprising at least
three fully equipped dreadnaughts, with
three others partly or wholly construct
ed; six old battleships and seven cruis
ers, together with about thirty destroy
,?rs, nine submarines and a fair sized
flotilla of subsidiary craft. Those ves
sels were built at Black sea yards for
pirninr.cnr. use mere, in peace limit
Russia could not send warships throng;,
the Dardanelles and the connecting
TurkUh waters and tKer is no other
entrance into the Black gea.
As au ally of Turkey, however, the
Germans are now at liberty to make
use of Turkish assistance in sending
the Black sea fleet into the Mediterran
ean. The recent attempt of the Ger
mans to run the allies' naval blockade
at the mouth of the Dardanelles with
the Goelvn and th Breslau indicates
that the idea of pressing the captured
Russian vessels into service for a sim
ilar exploit will be certainly considered
at Berlin. If the Russian warships suc
ceed in getting into th.9 Mediterranean
POSTMASTER GEN. BURL ESON
REPLIES TO COL. ROOSEVELT
Says No Publication Inter
fered Willi Except In Ex- j
Washington, May 2Q That the pub
lit has in some "cases complained of
Colonel Roosevelt's writings as alleged
violations of the espionage act, was tho
claim of Postmaster General Burleson
iu a statement published today.
lie added, however, that "no matter
published either by Mr. Roosevelt oi
Mr. Hearst has come to my attention
Which in my opinion warranted action
by the postoffiee department under the
espionage act against either of them."
- IV complaints of the public against
Roosevelt have teen perhaps more num
erous than "against the Hearst news
papers." said the statement which war.
brought forth by Colonel Roosevelt 's
failure t .. amplify '.'prclimiunry
charges," made by him against the post
. Following Colonel Roosevelt's charge
that Mr. Burleson was using the ispioui
age act for political purposes by punish
ing certain papers, the postmaster gen
eral declares that an article in the Met
ropolitan magazine entitled-," Is Amer
ica Honest?" is being translated into
(rman, Spanish, Portuguese and the,
Scandinavian languages and is being
spread broadcast throughout Mexico I
South America and other countries.
Approved Only by Roorsevelt i
Mr. Burleson gays he has failed toi
learn of a single patriotic reader, "un
less it b Mr. Roosevelt,", who approv
ed the publication of the article.
The postmaster general gives little
h?ed to Mr. Roosevelt's cries against
thfl Hearst papers. He says no matter
It wuz thought fer a while t'day that
Tell Binkley wuz poisoned by mistake,
but th' druggist Slid it wuz th' kind
:he' been selling' nght along. Aa ole
I fashioned thug tried t' rob a bank with-
out an auto at Brownsbnrg, Monday.
they could do much damage, momentar
ily, by running amuck among mercan
tile shipping, an exploit that would ap
peal to the German love of war time
But the fleet is not strong enough to
make a sucessful fight against th, al
lies for any length of time. The war
hips would probably try to reach the
Austrian coast or attempt to re-enter
the Dardanelles, and, failing that, wouidj
eventually be sent to the bottom or
would hav? to surrender.
But, the loss of warships would fall
on Russia and not on Germany, and for
this reason, the project will appeal to
German naval officers with the greater
force. Against any such exploit is the
argument that Black sea fleet's use is
wholly to protect th,? South Russian
coast in a war against Turkey. Destruc
tion of the fleet would place Russia
in a helpless position in this respect to
ward the Turks, after the present war
is over. Such a condition would not be
to Germany's advantage, particularly
sice thj Germany policy is to attempt
to exploit Russia commercially through
conciliatory means when peaee-comes.
Another reason for hesitation by the
German admiralty is the strong possi
bility that the Russia fleet's attempt
to emerge from tlw Dardanelles might
be defeated by tli allies. The Goebeit
and the Breslau failed to make their
exit aud if the Germans were concern
ed with a second failure, their already
declining prestige in Turkey would be
badly shaken. Unquestionably, the allies
are strengthening . their dreadnaught
strength at the Dardanelles and are re
arranging their naval plans in that area
If the Gcrniau try to come forth a
spectacular engagement is certain.
published either'-, by Mr. Hearst or by
Colonel Roosevelt "has come to my at
teittion, which, in. my opinion, warrant
ed action by the lostofficei department
en the espionage act against either of
then."' - ' " f
He says the postoffiee department baa
received more complaints that Colonel
Roosevelt 's articles were in violation of
the espionage act than it has against
the Hearst newspapers. The postmaster
general declares the charges that he was
prosecuting Colliers, the Metropolitan
magazine or the Tribune were, aot Jrue
as the department has taken no action
against any of them. .
Statement not Substantiated
i He gave out this statement: i
'. "I liava waited patiently for Mi
Roosevelt to substantiate his statement
made in the morning papers of May 8,
to the effect that the postolfice depart
ment was using the espionage act for
political purposes by punishing papers
which upheld ta-r war, but which told
the truth about the administration's
failure to conduct the war efficiently
(Continued on page three)
ASKED TO RESIGN JOB
Elmer White, Fearing Harm
From Convicts, Quits After
Ten Years Service
There is trouble, brewing at the
state prison, and some of it is so near
ly brewed that it is on tap. Warden
Murphy has requested the resignation
of LVputy Warden Burns. Burns rer
fuses to resign and threatents to re
veal the conditions at the prison that
justify his refusal to remove the gun
guards from the prison dining room
It seems there is a cage in the dining
room in which it was Tor years the cus
torn to post an larmed guard during
meal times, VrJifn Murphy became war
den he stopped this.
Th prisoners are mid to be in an
ugly mood since Baldwin's escape, and
while Warden Murphy was out on the
look out for him Burns put the guards
in the dining room cage an of eld. It
is stated he had a tip that the trou
ble which has been anticipated for
some time, Would break in the dining
room and pla-ceit the armed guard a
a precaution. When Murphy returned
from the hunt and learned of Burns'
action ha called him on the carpet and
finally demanded b& resignation
Burns refused to resign.
Thursday Elmer White, who has
been employed at the prison for 10
years, refused to stay inside the pris
on yard alone. E. A. Slovcr, former
chief of police of Portland, had been
working with White in the inner yard
but he being sent away, and White be
inz ordered to serve alone inside the
yard, refused nd handed over his
keys. It is expected that Slover, too,
will quit, especially if he is ordered
(Continued on page three)
AFTER ARREST OF
Great Britain Nips In Bud by
Prompt Action Pro-German
PROMINENT SINN FEINERS
ARE NOW IN PRISON
Scat of -Trouble k Definitely
Located In Germany Where
Plot Was Financed'
Dublin, May : 20. Quk?t ' prevails
throughout Ireland today.
With the exception of the shootine
of Ted O'Driscoll at Skibbcrea when
he resisted arrest Saturday, there has
been no. bloodshed in connection with
th suppression of the alleged Hiun Fein
It is estimated that 130 Sinn Feiuers
have been arrested. '
Four American labor delegates have
arrived here, including E. O. McCor
mick. Their visit will be short.
kTe people of Dublin went about their
work as usual today.
Saturday and Sunday were sunshiny
and trains wer.9 packed with golfers
and fishermen going to the country.
Field Marshal French, Lord Lieuten
ant of Ireland, opening the Whitsun
tide fair, said it was too bad that it
could not be opened under the auspices
of an allied victory. '
A Sinn Fein committee named just
beforp Devalera's arrest is now con
trolling that organization. The body
calls itself "the gufismatcd commit
tee." i '
Arrests Are Numerous.
Loudon, May 20. With the number
of Sinn Feiners under srr.-st in various
parts of Ireland estimated at front 100
to 500 today and the situation appar
ently wf II in hand, it came to light that
the German government has intrigued
for an Irish rebellion ever since the wav
Even after failure of tho plot insti
gated by Sir Roger Casement, Chatter
ton HiIL a renegade Irish editor, fin
anced by Germany, published in Prussia
niairazine to aid propaganda for an
St. John Gaffney, discharged United
States consul to Germany, is alleged to
(Continued on page seven)
RYAN LEADING FOR
STATE TREASURER BY
ONE HUNDRED VOTFS
Race for Supreme Justice
Also Close with Johns In
' Leading Place
Portland, Or., May 20. The race for
the republican nomination for -state
treasurer had reached the exciting
stage as returns from Friday's primary
continued to come in this afternoon.
T. F. Ryan, Multnomah county, con
tinued to lead O. P. Hoff, but by a
scant 100 votes.
Ryan had counted 15,308 to 15.208
William Adams was a good third
The race for the supreme court also
was a good one. Charles A. Johns was
leading with 23,547. Percy R. Kelly
came next with 21,747, while John S.
Coke win third with 20-2U.
Other republican nominations had
been settled by returns available as
early as Saturday noon. Senator Mc
Nary led StanficJd for the senatorial
nomination this afternoon, 48,Wil to
28,162. Governor Withycombe had
eonnted 31,023 votes to 17.9SI for
Oleott ind 14.06! for Simpson.
Williams led Dennis for republican
national committee man by 15,660
All the returns were or. the basis of
14 counties complete, including Mult
nomah and nearly complete returns
from thfl other countic.
BILLY SUNDAY DONATES
Chw-ago. May 20. Billy Sunday ex
pected today to hand a check for 30,
000 to the Pacific Garden Mission
here. The sum was th fne will offer
ing given liim Sunday at the clos of
a ten weeks campaign. Sunday was
converted at the mirf-icu twenty years
Billy'a Chicago score stood: trail
bitters 49.KV5; attendance, 1.200,000;
expense $133,000, .
01 FROM SEATTLE
Of the 29 Wounded 27 Are
Classed As Severe and
. Two Slkfet
Washington, May 20. Forty fiv
casualties were reported by General
Pershing in a list msx) publie today.
It included seven killed in action; one
dead of wounds; one dead of accident;
seven from disease; twenty aeven se
verely wounded and two sMghtly
Killed in Action
Captain Harry D. Buckwalter, Roy
Corporals George G. Burgess, York
Pa. Hanfwd L. Melchi, Leo, lnd.
I'rivates James A. Blake, New York
Peter Kurske, Dickinson, N. D.
Frederick W. Lampman, Red Oak,
Allen R. Moore, Firxdaw, Vt.
Diad of Wounds
Sergeant Gerald 8. I"attcn, 1818
East Prospect street, Seattle. Wash.
Died From Accident
Private Zobito Disearlo, Mount Car-
Died of Disease
Privates Walter Kginton, Lockport,
Eugene iFranchette, Santa Clara,
Italy. ' lv
Iter M. Glore, Varysburg, jn. x.
Robert Jackson, Rawinson, Ark,
(Continued on page two)
SENATOR SKOOT NOT
ENTIRLY PLEASED BY
Objects to Praise of Investi
gator Being Inserted In
Washington, May 20. New propos
als submitted today by members of the
senate military committee delayed fin
al aetSon on the compromise in the
fiifht between ' administration forces
and advacatew of a senate aircraft in
Senator Thompson lnmcatca tne new
plan submitted wag not entirely ac
ceptable in view of the president ' at
titude. . ",.
Thomas had a brush with Senator
Staoot, republican, and a rnembw of
Thompson s committee, over inserting
in the congressional" record a long ar
ticle praising Charles E. Hughes' qual
ification as' e,n investigator. Smoot
objected to inserting it.
"The senator's objection Wfins to
confirm reports that tho appointment
of Judge Hughes does not meet with
the approval of his republican friends
in the senate, " said Thompson.
"It was a very remarkable appoint
tnent."- rcnlied Smott.
Thompson finally overrode Smott 'g
objection and the article on Hughes
Meantime a considerable sliakeup, iu
cliiilina some suspensions in thn aircraft
service, was understood to be in tho
making at tho war department.
The supensions were reported to be
the result of a plan to take the men
out while their records are ucing
(Continued on page four)
In Austrian Camps
Wadiington, May 2t.-The
royal Prussian war minister has
reported an additional lint o
ten American prisoners of war
interned at prison camm in
Germany, tho war department
The ten are: Jaq De I.allar
on, seaman, interneJ at Camp
Asjc.hen. Xo emergency address.
Hersche! MaKce, sergeant,
Indianapolis, lnd., interned at
Antone Ofcn, captain of the
ship Encore, of 1130 Ocean
avenue, Oakland, (al., interned
at Camp Karlsruhe, with the
Hibnar R. Kichardsqn, first
officer of the Krwore, Willapa,
Wash; Second Mate Colstad, of
the ship John H. Kriby, New
York; Kdward Moore, chief of
the John H- Kirby, Bea report,
Me.; Captain John Arnold
Blocm of the John H. Kirby.
New York, and first Officer
Matthew W. Butckard of the
Ileluga of Ban Francisco and
Rribert ! Tudgett, captain of
the Window 1208 Willow afreet
Alameda, Cal., and at Camp
Tuchel, West Prussia, Chris
tian Borenwon, private, Vero
RED CROSS DRIVE
Delivers Address to Great
Crowd In Metropolitan
Metropolitan Opera House, New York
May 19. Branding all German peace
proposals as "insincere" President
Wilson, last night, called upon America
to make war to the utmost limit of itf
resources and manpower.
The war must be won "greatly and
worthily," he said. There must Ue no
limit to thp size of the American army.
Kvery ship must be used, laden to capa
city. . .. . ..
To a great throng which packed the
fear that he was postponing mine, be
Wilsoa launched his appeal to America
for a hundred million Red Cross dol
The president arrived at thf, theatre
at o'clock, following dinner at th
home of Celoacl E. M. House, with Bcc
rctary Tumulty and Dr. Cary T. Grajri
His appearance on the platform was
. . . -,i i " jAn.-
gMCtoa Dy w"U applause irom uu
pcorle who jammed th6 theatre. For
hours before he arrived thousands clam
oreJ foi admission at the theatre doors '
spokesman of Spiritual Forces
Cleveland H. Dodgo, introducing thr
president U: "Hb spokesman of al'
th,. great spiritual forces of the world."
' l nave not come nere louigui vu m
view the work of the Red Cross," the
(Continued on page three)
MARCH FOR CHIEF
OF STAFF SUCCEEDS
GENERAL. H. BOSS
Rise of New Head of Amy
Organization Has Been
: Most Remarkable
By Cart D. Groat
(Capital Journal Special Service)
Washington, May 20. President
Wilscvn this week will ' name Major
General Peyton C March, a full gen
era! and chief of staff. .
General Taskor II. Miss, now chief
of staff and American representative
on tho Versailles council, will become
a brevet general.
Those im-Dortant change mean vast
ly more than merely the honor to
Morirh of wearing tne nre insignia
der stars: thev spell the re
moval of restrictions on him as acting
..l.iof Mhii-.h he encountered because
some other major generals outranked
Mm. . . . ..-..
The change was decnUed today ioi
lowing Secretary of War Haker'a con
..dUutimi -with, senators Saturday, at
the war council gessiou. Bounding out
their sentiments he found t-nat marens
nomination will undoubtedly pas the
senate quickly and without any oppo
Baker wan told tho senat thinks
very well of March, who hag demon
strated iu W b" pttlire 89 Mtl."Sf
l,ief that he. is a "live wire," with
no respect for red tape and with a
hearty hatred for delay . or inaction.
,'i'or March tho chango is momentous,
Coming in from his post of artillery
chieftain with General I'orshing, he
found that he was balked either con
sciously or unconsciously by the
seniority rulle- and that major general!
who outranked him, some times stood
in his path. ' ,.. i
Mint men of 'discernment have
told Uie uiiy Ther
predicted Marah would make good, but
solid it could come aDoui omy u
were given the full general
tho title of chief or sian u.-
Xurd? record, here is one of ntatt
tji. desnite obstacles.
To him, perhaps more than to 7 f1
i .inn the credit of in-
creasing ship tacinues
ceding up of American troop move
ments could be accomplished. When he
roturned from Europe, he cailel in war
i.,t wd them the dictum that
. :h minr sh'iDS. Inspiring
inure u.u. . -y,.,,,
thein to great ctton ue aimr --v
... . - i L minatiin ATI
himself to improve uio r.
pointment of Major General Ooetbals
as chief of transportation, PP
and traffic wa an outcom of thn
proWem, and between the two men
systems of economy of space
veloped and Whips were picked up from
unexpected quarter, of the globe. Ooe
thals and March re fast fnend. nd
are working la the closest harmony.
WILSON RETURNS HOME
w.v;0-., Mv 20. President
Wilson returned from New Jfork wis
morning greatly rested by the trip. bo
unckiv did the Dresident enjoy him
self that he has decided to take set-
LUFBERRY DIES 1
111 MIL BUM
OVER OWN LINES
Daring Aviator Struck by
Machine Gun Ealiet and '
Falls to Grci
PRAISED FOR COURAGE
Several Instances cf Desper
ate righting Grven by .
Washington, May 20. Quiet urevailed
along the American, front except for
aerial activity yesterday. General Per
shing reported today. Two . enemy ma
chines were brought down.
The statement follows:
"Section A Aside from the activi
ties of the air forces en both sides
the day was quirt at all feae cu:
pied by our troops. Our aviators brought
down two hostile machines.
"Section B. Kcports m hand show
notable instance of bravery and dera
tion shewn by two soldiers of an Am
erican colored regiment operating in a.
rrencn sector. Before daylight on Majr
13, Private Qenry Johnson and Private
Roberts, while on sentrv dutv at soma
distance from one another, were attack
ed by tho German raiding party, es
timated at twenty men, who advanced
in two groups attacking at once iron
flunk and rear.
"Both men fought bravely in hanrt
to hund encounters, one resorting to
the use of the bolo knife after his riflo
jammed and further fighting with bayo-1
net aud butt became impossible. There
is ,'vidcnce that at least one and prob
ably a second German was severely cut,
A. third Is known to have been shot
" Attention is drawn to the face that
the' two colored sentries were first at-.,
tacked and continued fighting . after
receiving wounds and despite tho use
of grenades by a superior force. They
should be given credit for preventing by
their bravery the rapture of any of our
men. Three of our men- were wounded
two by grenades. All are recovering and
the wounds in two cas-'s were slight.
V Major Xuf berry was killed in flight
during which ho hud been in combat. H
was ecn to fall from his machine, which
fell a short distance from him. He wa
possibly wounded or dead before he felt. '
Karlicr reports stated that he was, at ,
(Continued on page four)
Will Set Up Defeite Cash
paign to Thwart Ger- ;
many's Plans There
Washington, May 20, President Wit-'
son is set up on a definite campaign to
thwart Germany's Intention to subju
gate Hussin and eventually use her 1
peoples against the allies.
While there is scant belief among'
American and allied military men thai
Kussia could organize any , effective
fighting force in less than two years, in-1
creasing confidence is fi.it here that slit
can and must be saved from Herman
The president's addwss in New York
emphasized that any hope that Germany.'
might have of getting peace in the west
at the expense of Kussia or other Hlavie .
peoples in the cast, is futile.
When the president first took this
stand after the bolsheviki drew Rossi '.
out of th( war, his position was not en
thusiastically concurred in by the other ,
Today, however, the president's Hi-
tude. is regarded by them all as right
And as America ' military position in
France strengthens it will not be very .
long before there are more American
troops than British iu the west so will ,,
her diplomacy command added atten-
This Is held to signify that the Rus-,.
sian democracy Is to be safeguarded .
unless it joins in the war on the aide of
Germany. - - ;
Some foreign diplomats here, however
believe that only a miracle can save -Russia
from the clutches of Prussia
rul unless allied intervention is made ,
soon. While chaos reigns in Russia the 1
Germans are gradually restoring law ,
ana oroer ana may uuinwiriy
favor of the Russian people, these dip-
After quieting and winning the Rns-
g;aa people, Germany eould eomr them !.
ork in Germga munitions factorie
tfc t mnv thousands ef Clemen
worker, mvf ij, tele34 for military