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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (May 13, 1918)
(22,00-3 HEADERS) DAILY
Only Circulation in Solent Guar
anteed by the Audit Bureau of
FULL LEASED WIRE
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY NEWS SEEVICE
and Tuesday fair,
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. li?'
SALEM, OREGON, MONDAY, MAY 13, 1918
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAIN8 AKD HWw
STANDS FIVH OJMTw
Speaker la Reichstag Makes
: Assertbn During Course
i ABOUT TO BE LAUNCHED
French Troops Penetrate Ger
: man Lines and Return
Paris, May 12. "I know the enemy
it about to launch a series of new sub
marine cruisers of great size, out we are
ready and will not sleep over the fine
WBUlts already obtained," declared
Georges Loy.juss, French mlnlTtor of
marine, in au interview published in the
Amsterdam, May 13. Admiral Cap
Ue, German minister of marine, ad
dressing the Reichstag, declared the Ger
man naval offensive Is stronger than
a ay time siuce the beginning of the un
restricted submarine warfare. The April
reports from the submarines were fav
orable, he said. '
H6rr Pfliger. a centrist, said that de-
uutte the differences of opinion in the
xeichstag, it was agreed that the sub
marine warfare should be kept up.
Amsterdam, May 13. "After fifteen
months, submarine warfare has not
brought peace auy nearer. Iu the mean
time, we continue to destroy tonnage
mat wm be needed after the war,"
' Horr Vogtheir, independent socialist, de
clared In the reichstag, commenting on
.Admiral von Capell'g declaration that
uudestricted submarining is winning the
Paiis, May 13. Artillery, on both
sides of the Avre was reported by the
French war office today.
French troops penetrated the German
lines north of fcomeny (between the
.American sectors of Tuol and Luneville)
and brought back prisoners.
"A German surprise attack in the re
gion of St. Die (south of the Luneville
Rome, May 1?., "The enemy attack
ed Monte Corno, after nn intense bom
bardment Saturday night, but was ar
rested by our fire," the Italian war
ofriee stated today.
"We counter attacked and forced
the enemy to retire, inflicting heavy
losses on him."
The Italians captured Monte Corno by
Htorin last week, taking 100 prisoners.
Six Men to The Yard.
'Paris, May 13. General Gnulers of
tin French general staff announced to
day that information showed forty Get
man divisions (4S0.000 men) between
the Lnbassee canal and Ypros, or si.v
men to every yard.
The same ratio, he said, is maintained
by the Germans between Labasscc and
Paris, May 13. During February
March and April, 4511 ships passed safe
ly through the danger zone, it was of
ficially announced today.
' Tho Germans claim to have sunk 600 ,
000 tons of shipping during April. This
statement is false, as only 268,704 tons
A womaa cares about as much fer a
inan that used t' be rich as she does
fir a hat that used t' be stylish. TV
hardest thing about livin' in a dry tews
if tryin' t' act tike you Jest happened
t' drop ia tV drr.g store.
THkvf AMERICAN SOLDIERS
SI W LITTLE
Storm German Dugout and
Capture It In Independent
By Prank J. Taylor
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
With the American Army iu Lorraine,
May 1.1. Three American soldiers start
ed a private war of their own yesterday
afternoon ou a certaiu secto" in Lor
raine. They successfully stormed a German
stroughold aud. after a nartiallv clean
ing it out, calne back for reinforcements
American Forces Are
Regularly In Battle
Washington, May 13. Am-
erieaa forces in France arc to
be actively, iu battle now and
regularly in th future, Secre-
tary of War Bauer announced
Adding his official . state-
meat to a previous announce-
ment from Lord Reading, Brit-
ash, ambassador, doubting the
authenticity of the report from
Ottawa that the British cabinet
had divided American troops
should ba conserved until they
' constitute a large and inde-
pendent army, Baker declared
"the facts are exactly other-
"The American troops in
1'ranw," he announced, "are
now being used actively in bat-
tie and in the trenches aud,
while all of tho plans of the
'War department look to the do-
vehement of the American ar-
my as such and the creation of
a ditimctly American army,
yet the various elomcnts of it
now iu France are being used
in such ways as are deemed
most effective in accordance
wish General Pershing's action
in placing all our resources at
tho disposal of the Freuch com
rounder aud the supreme com-
JESSE BALDWIN, IS
NOW JIT LIBERTY
Steals White Trusty Suit of
Hoiks and Walks Unchal
lenged Through Gate
Cue of the stye's most desperate can-
vict.t, the notorious Jesse Baldwin, made
f, sue e..."'til get away from the prison
Sunday morning at. about 10 o'clock
The plan i.t .'.cape was simple and its
carrying out met with no obstacles. The
t'usties -io tv (Hiied in white suits
and have tt rcitam hours egress and iu
gress at the main entrance gate without,
question. It was on this fact that Bald
w'n based his plan of escape and car
ried it iuto execution. Baldwin went to
the kitchen where he found one of the
while suits belonging to a trusty em
ployed in that department, and chang
ing his clothes and garbed in white
went to the commissary department
when?, using a heavy iron bar he had
secreted, he pried two of the bars loose
from the window. Slipping through the
opening ho walked unconcernedly and
unchallenged out of the big gates under
the yes of the guards' who took him
for a trusty, as he had expected they
He was missed shortly and pursuit
was taken up at once, a couple of blood
hounds being put on ais trail. However
he must hnve fount some way to throw
oi'f the scent as ho was not caught do
s;ll the fact that ho evidently remain
ed hidden in tbo brush near the maus
oleum most of the day. Sunday night
ribout 1 o'clock the house of Conductor
Kutherford on Rural avenue was en
tered, supposedly by Baldwin as the
thief took a soft black hat, a dark
brown coiK, a razor and hone and two
suits of underwear, besides 'l in cash.
Baldwin is aged 27 years, height 5
foet nine and a half inches, weight 168
pound;, medium complexion, hair med
ium brown, build medium heavy. He
wns born in Alabama and in the pam
phlet describing him his occupation is
given as "a thief." H3 was sent up
from Clatsop county for larceny from
,1 dwelling to serve seven years. A re
warn of $30 is offered for his arrest and
During the regime of Warden Minto
he broke into the headlines with a con
vict named Curtis by a series of rauk in
subordinations. Hosing of Baldwin and
Curtis at the orders of Minto lecT to an
uprising of the convicts, a demand on
their part that Minto by? displaced and
the final ousting of Minto in favor of
Mufphy and Baldwin had a clash
(Continued on page three)
WAR OF OWN
aud went ovejr ogain to complete the
job. The success of the second under
taking is not known.
A German sniper's position had been
causing considerable trouble. The three
Americans, who names cannot be given
got together and planned to put this
particular hunch of boche out of bust
Without calling for any artilloi
preparation or barroge, or any other
fancy appurteaauce of modern warfare
they leaped over the parapet and start
ed running across No Man's Land, in
full view of both armies.
Arriving at the enemy's post, they
tumbled into the trench and encounter
ed a German officer and twelve men.
The boches ran up a connecting trench
so fast that the three doughboys only
had time to kill the officer and four of
Those that got away were yelling for
help at every jump. Iu a few moments a
large force of the enemy was heard com
ing toward the post. The doughboys
however, stripped the dead officer of
his papers, containing a code book and
other important information, before
They ran back to the American lines
pursued ,by a flock of boche bullets.
Their success won them plenty or re
emits for another personally conduct
raid, organized forthwith. Reports of
this second daring operation have not
vet b?en received. ,
Sell War Thrift Stamps
Chicago, May 13. Danish born Cit
izens of the United States planned to
day to plunge into the war savings
stamp campaign as the first work of
their national organization, the Jacob
A. Riis league of patriotic service,"
torme-d h?re yesterday.
Dr. Max Henius, Chicago, waa elect
ed president and will establish head
Among those helping organize tho
league were Sophus Noble, Omaha; Dr.
Axel Itellrun. New York: Captain Wiil-
tiam Hovgsard, Washington i James
Madison, San Francisco; -Truelj 1'.
BY GENERAL PERSHING
Ninety-Six Names On Casual
. ty List Made Public by
Washington, May 13. The names of
thirty eight soldiers, mostlv New Kna'-
land men, are among the missing re
ported in today's casualty list. They
probably were captured by the tier
mans at Seicheprey.
Today's list coutains a total of 96
names, including 10 killed in action;
nine dead !frem wounds; five from dis
ease; two from accidents; one from
other causes; twelve wounded severe
ly and nineteen woundei slightly.
Killed In Action
Sergeants Martin (.'otter, Chicago,
Lewig W. Snglc, Zanesville, Ohio.
Corporal Clyde Clark, Atlanta, Ind.
Mechanic Christ Koth, Ircrsey, Wis.
Privates, Alfred G. Bailev, Arvilla.
S, D. "
Philip J. Brady, New Haven, Conn.
Leonard Leo Dalton, Brooklyn, N. Y.
John W. Forrester, Mountain City,
Tenn. . .
Cyril Kreck, New York.
Elmer D. Miller, Hoopeston, 111.
Died of Wounds
Corporals William C. Rhodes, Wheel
ing, W. Vu.
James J. Tiemey, Chelsea. Mass.
Privates Arthur Vivian Dickson,
Edmund LeBlanc, Nashua, N. H.
John W. Murphy, Jamaica, Mass.
John A. Ort, Omaha, Neb.
Sol Schuster, Afton, Wvo.
John Sittelotta, Endieott. N. Y.
Keuueth R. Toothman, Cumberland.
Died of Disease
Lieutenant Otty Raymond Forbes,
Cook Victor Hugh O'Rourke, Moun
Privates Paul C. Davis, Elk River,
Green Dukes, Campton, Ga.
Sam Gullo, Linguaglonsa, Italy.
Died of Accident
Privates Heury M. Black, Montezu
Aloizy Kubicka, Manchester, N. H.
Died of Other Causes
Private Pierre P. Bennud, Fall River,
. Lieutenant Joseph P. Burke, Pitts
Sergeants Ytaik. V. Smith, Revere.
Harold W. Tucker, Providence, B. I.
Corporals Melvin B. Carlson, Jamai-
. (Continued on page two)
TH1RTY-EIGH f SOLDIERS
HELD 0 YANKEES
Enemy Has Been Forced to
Desert Many Advanced
MEN ARE REQUIRED
FOR PICARDY BATTLE LINE
Fewer German Planes Are
Seen Now Oyer American
Lines Than Formerly
By Frank J. Tylor
(United Press staff correspondent) .
With the American Army ia Lor
raine, lay 12 Information gleaned
from German operations opposite the
American fronts indicates a thinnig
of the eneroiy lines becne of the
drains on German resources from Pi
cardy. The American sectors are far enough
apart to justify deductions regarding
the German predicament through this
scarcity of man power,' ,.
. American patrols round Ancwviller
(in the Lunevtlle 'sector, three miles
northwest of Badswviller) deserted. It
had tiern a former German outpost and
the scene of .much patrol fighting.
: The Oemiana no longer attempt to
hold their .shell bole outposts, retiring
to safer positions to avoid fighting
with the- Americans. German prison
ers iudioate tho lotvest grade of Ger
man troopg are here;
Northwest of Toul, American activ.
it" hobis a "traveling circus" of spe
cial German storm troops, organized
for repeated hammer like iblows at our
lines. .. .rJvU,,...
There are no -German planes over
the American positions any more.
Although a special German air squad
ron arrived to punish the American
aviators, the German planes arc chanc
ing no combats except far behind the
On the Verdun front, the Americans
have learned that the Geimau lines
are sparsely held. The boches arc .sub
stituting frequent bombardments ot
high explosives and gas for German
troops. Thig also is takon by American
oificers to indicate that the enemy is
In all sectors the enemy 'si outer po
sitions, trienches and gas projectors
hnve been .badly damaged by tho Am
erican artillery without causing any
ceprisais from the Germans.
American patrols this morning peno
tfatekl the German wires in the Toul
sector and found a number of German
bodies in the enemy's advanced posi
tions. These boches are believed to
have been killed by the American bom
bardmeut. German machine guns nre active
against .Seicheprey (in the Toul sect
In the Lorraine and Verdun sectors,
American patrols penetrated the. Ger
man wires easily and conducted ex-
(Continued on page two)
LEADER OF RUSSIA'S
fTas Reached a Pacific Port
On Her Way to Battle
fields of France
Pacific Port, May 13. The leader
of Russia's famous Battalion of Death
Mine, Maria Jiconticvna Botchkareva, is
on her way to war once more.
Driven from Russia by the bolshevik!
her command of 1,000 loval .Russian
women dispersed, Mme. Botchkareva
reached America today on n oriental
"I am on my way to France and ex
pect to die on the battlefield."
This was all she had to say when she
arrived. Other passengers on the vessel
however, told of the daring escape from
Russia of this modern Joan of Arc who
iusisted on fighting Germany ewn
though her fellow countrymen had quit
She crossed Siberia clad as a Russian
peasant woman. At. Vladivostok she was
repeatedly threatened with arrest and
finally took refuge on a British cruiser
in th; harbor. Again, before she could
leave Vladivostok, soviet officers
threatened her and this time she was
taken aboard an American transport.
Accompanying her are her young
daughter and her aide, Captain P. Fili
poff, the only man ever connected with
the battalion of death.
Mme. Botchkareva got in touch with
the British consul as soon as she arriv
ed here. She was closely guarded at her
(Continued on page two
EXPRESS APPRECIATION OF
British Leaders, Civil and
. Debt WoridOwes Us
London, May 13. At a time when
America's participation, militarily as
well as navally, financially and eco
nomica'ly, has reached effective pro
portions, British appreciation is glow
ingly expressed in the following state
ments to the United Press: :
By Lord Alfred Miluor, secretary of
state for war.
America is rapidly filling up the
gap in the strength otf the allies creat
ed by the failure of Russia. ,A war
such as this can only bo won decisive
ly by superiority in man power and
material, as well as in fighting sipirit,
and, with America's aid, that superior
ity is certain.
Iu altering her own military plans tc
meet tho urgent need of her allies in
the west, America has shown not only
a true perception, of the meaning of
"a single front," out the. most gener
ous sjurit, sportsmanship aud comrade
ship. By Lord Rhondda, British food con
troller. Without the aid off the United States
it would kBLve been quite impossible
for the afifcs, to feed their troops and
civilian populations during the last six
The aelf sacrifice displayed by the
American (people and the efficiency of
Mr. Hoover 's measures in providing
necessary supplies have been and not
only are an incalculable immediate
.benefit to the allies1 but off permanent
value to the struggle for the mainte
nance of civilization throughout the
By Andrew Bouar Law, chancellor
of the exchequer.
I was certain the United States
would assist the allies financially to
the full extent of her ability. 1 can
gladly say this expectation has boen
Praisas the navy '
By Admiral Lewip Bayly, commas
lor iirchielf at (jueenstown. . ...
Conditions Throughout Form
er Empire Daily Become
Moscow, May 13. Nikolai Leiiine,
bolshevik! premier has sent the follow
ing telegram broadcast regarding IV
tiograd's "catastrophic position" and
"A counter revolution is raising its
head, turning the discontent of the
starving masses against the Soviets."
American Ambassador Francis has
returned to Vologda.
Four Moscow newspapers have been
suspended .because they published re
ports of a Gcrniuii ultimatum. It was
fined fifty thousand roubles. Eleven
others are being prosecuted.
Troops of tho LottifcH rifles raided
the headquarters of revolutionary bod
ies making some arrests.
Former Royal Family
Zurich, May 13. Tho correspondent
of the Frankfurter Zeitung in Crimea
visited Dimblcr Castle, where- the for
mer Russian royal family of Roman
offs is imprisoned.
Thoy ar guarded by 25 soiuierg or
the Sebastopol soviet, armed with ri
fles, who arc sworn both to protect
them and to prevent their encape.
Archduke Nicholas, refusing an in
terview, explained that he had "noth
ing to suy."
(Cout'nd on page two)
Chambers Mil Is
Destroyed by Fire
roMiitfe Grove. Or.. Mav 13. For tho
second time within a year! J. H. Chum
hem. tho laruest lumber operator in
this section, has lost his mill by fire
of unknowu origin, his former mm,
a mile south of the city, burned last
fall. Ho then resumed operations at his
ildwood iU, whwtt.haa Keen laie.
Tiri mill whs destroyed bv firo dis
covered at 3 o'clock Sunday morning.
A peculiar circumstance in mat tne
u-nt.hmsii had ouit his job just the
day previous and tho plant was un
guarded last night-
A report has reached nere mat me
niharrlann store and dance hall at
Leona was destroyed by fire Saturday
night. Tne Dig plant oi me Jjeoiia
Mills company was not endangered. It
is also reported that a small tie mm
near ArJlauf (burned Saturday night.
ThA DM Chrutenson home at the
Latham tie plant was destroyed this
afternoon oy tl amies resulting rrom
the explosion of a gasoline stove.
I On the anniversary of the arrival
ox mi? urst umieu orates men or war
at (jueenstown I wish to express my
deep gratitude to the United stages
officers and men of all ratings for the
skill, energy and unfailing good- na
ture 'hey have consistently shown and
which qualities have so materially as
sisted in the war by enabling the ships
of all the allied powers to cross the
ocean with comparative freedom.
To command you is an honor, to
work with yoa is a pleasure and to
know you ia to know the best traits of
the Anglo-Saxon race.
Sir Eric Geddes, first lord of the ad
miralty, testifying to America's naval
aid offered hitherto unpublished let
ters exchanged between Joscphns Dan
iels, American secretary of the navy,
and him. Daniels wrote:
"Your references to the splendid
spirit of cooperation .between the nav
ies of our two countries and yonr
warm praise of the oftficers and men
of the navy who have gono abroad,
are eottremely grateful to me, the men
in the navy and all Americans.
"The brightest spot in the trageay
of thig war is the mutual appreciation
of the men in naval service,
"Our oflKcors who have returned
confirm the sratements of Admiral
Sims regarding the courtesies and the
kindness shown in every way Dy ttte
admiralty and the officers of the Brit
ish fleet, and we have reciprocated by
receiving cordiaJly the able and effi
cient officers who have come from
your country to confer any work, el
bow to elbo, with our officers in the
difficult work which this war imposes
upon naval services of all countries al
lied in the war against the submarine
"I had hoped to have the pleasure
of visiting Great Britain and person
ally expressing this teoling of mutual
ly working together and exchanging
views, ibut the -task here of making
ready mora units for the fleet is a
very serious one and my duty chains
"The order throughout the navy is
'full speed ahead' iu the construction
of destroyers and other craft, and the
whole service is keyed un to press the
program forward as rapidly as possi-
(Continued on'puge two) '
FULLY CREDITED BY
Believes It True That General
Foch Will Only Use
Americans In Reserve
By 3. W. T. Mason
(United Press war expert)
New York, May 13 . America's
great armies now iu Franco arc not to
be used by General Foch for defensive
fighting, but aro being held back for
offensive operations when the allies'
generalissimo decidrs the time has
come for major operations against Von
Tho fact that the rapid'y increasing
overseas strength of the Americans is
not accompanied hy enlargement of
American sectors in Picardy and Flan
ders undoubtedly means that General
Foch wants American participation
during the prcseut period of fighting
to bo on a .strictly limited scale, aud
chieflv 'for its morale effect.
This attitude of General Foch dem
onstrates that' ho belaevis the defens
ive lowers of the Anglo-Trench forces
are suiiicicnt to prevent the Germans
from doing any serious damage along
tho wesli 'front. Tho Americans, there
fore, according to Foch's plan, are not
to ibo thrown away by. engaging in the
negative work of holding present posi
tions, but are to have the honor of de
livering the next positive blow for
democracy against the kaiser's forces.
It is "certain that ueneral Foch will
not ibo tempted to use the Americans
iu a 'great offensive until Americau
man power in France 'has reached its
full strength. General Foch has shown
highly unusual qualities of patience
and avoidance of. temptation. He can
be trusted, therefore not to waste Am
erica's strength in a series of second
It i increasingly unlikely that this
blow will fall on thfl Germans in Pi
cardy or Flanders. Tho Loria'mo front
continues to offer tho greater possi
bilities of success. The capture of Mctz
may represent the first great victory
of "the United States, in Europe. The
retention for the Americans of their
trench positions in eastern France
strongly suggests that Foch Is relying
on General Pershing's men for major
operations in that direction. From
Met.' to tho. Bhine seems -to bo the
road America will take to win the
war for democracy.
' UNIFORM IS TICKET 1 '
New York, May 13. AU men in uni
forms, sailor anil soldiers, will be ad
mitted free to American league games
at the Polo Grounds here, it was an
B E ONLY RESERVE
That Is Recent Stateliest
Issued by Canadian State
IS NOT INFORMED
War Department Also Ignor
ant of Any Such Use of
United Rates Troops
Washington, May 13. Doubt as to
the accuracy of the statement attributed
ed to the British war cabinet that Am
erican troops are to be held back until
their force reaches powerful strength.
was expressed here today by Lord Bead-
lug, British ambassador.
An official statement by th ambas
sador declaring his belief that so such
announcement has been made ' ' with tun
knowledge of the prime minister or tha
war cabinet," followed expressions ui
greatest surprise among army men hero
today as to the reported new change iu
ie military policy of the allies.
Reading's statement follows:
"The statement attributed to the
British cabinet to tho effect that th.o al
lies are so confident that haviug been
given the choice of a small iniiuediaia
American army for defense or, waiting
until they are reinforced by a eomplow
powerful, self supporting army, they
uave chosen the lutterl is diametrically
opposed to all information received by
m from the British war cabinet and tvt
all the requests which I have beeu asked
by them to make to the United States
" i am quits in, the (link as to the
origin of , tne statement. At present alt
I cun say is that I am convinced that
tho document has not been issued with
the knowledge of the prime minister or
the British war cabinet.
No Official Information
Washington, May 13. Nothing is
known ut .no war department concern
ing the British official statement that ''
thu American army will be used only
when it conv.'s to full individual
This was stated scuii-officiully hers
bouiu officials suggested that such a
change of policy nugiit have come about
"over them" without knowledge of it
reaching the war department yjt.
Somu thought t hut Auioncau ulficevs
oei there were tiissuiislieu witn tu
brigading idea aud hud forced a shut.
Others suggested ,,ho British wer,. not
fully pleased with tho plan aud decided
tho allied strength was sufficient to
hold tho Teutons for the time being.
Tho uuuouiiceiiiiviit in view of tho ui-;
gency of recent British aud Freuch ro
quents for American aid was a surprint)
io all. The brigading plan was asscu.cd
to only us an emergency measure as it
involved sucrifice of American pride.
Because of the fact that, the brigud- ,
ing process has been under way for -some
time, with at least a portion of thu
American forces in Europe, officials
hero beliijvcd Americans already fight- "
ing with the British and French would ,
uot be removed. The change in plan
was believed to affcet only those forces
a great majority of the troops now
in Franco which had not yet bciyn plac
ed iu the fighting.
The Ottawa Statement
Ottawa, May 12. Son confident i
the entente of its ability to withstaud
auy drive tho Germans can launch that
it lias been decided nut to use th, Am
erican army until it becomes a complete
power and torce, according to cable
suimuury of operations on tue wcsieiu
front received hcr.3 tonight from the
war committee of the British cabinet.
(Continued on page two)
This Man Liar As
Well As Murderer
Cliicftcnt. Mnv 13. A rT.ii.nmd today
on a charge of an assault with intent
to kill, Horace Noakes, railroad work
er, told officers ho crushed his wif
to tho floor with a crowbar Saturday
because a baoy was coming to joiu
them and their income, wna barely
enough for two.
Saturday was tho ttrsh anniversary
of Noakes marriage. Rent fuel, gro
ceries and clothes had taken all hi
"I decided then to pul ner out t
the way." he said. "I had thought of
taking both our lives by gas, but I
was afraid to die."
Hh as the young womaa stooped over
tho range, preparing his breakfast,
Noakes crept up, struck her dawn ana
fled. Noakc, was jailed when his burg- ;
lary alibi fell down. A Wood mr oa
V.I. ..ruioara ASIlffllt a detfctiv W e.YO.
The wife it In a critical! wsitoon, ,