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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (April 30, 1918)
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"iOQQ EEADESS) DACLT
Only Clrcntatiaa la Salem Guar
anteed Ij the Audit Sotmi ot
fair: light frost
tonight iu the
in the east por
FULL LEASED WIRE
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY NEWS SESTICB
4 jln ; In :
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 102
SALEM. OREGON, TUESDAY, APRIL 00, 1918
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS ASH Siw
STANDS FTV rvf
a i u v 'ill i it u ii ti ii it r -
ami L L J
BY ALLIED DEFENSE
AND LOSS! HEAVY
'Eliis Has Beea Bad Day For .Gem ;ommander--Allied
Lines Held .firmly Yesterday id i Night, and Today
French ad British Are Couniaitaddsg With Success
French Have Retaken Locre asd Enemy Is In Pocket
By William Philip Sunms,
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
With the British Armies In Flanders, April 30.---Hin-denburg
has had one cf the worst days since the com
mencement of his offensive.
After repeated onslaughts throughout yesterday and
far into the night, the allied lines are intact, save between
Monts Rouge and Scherpenberg known as "Hyde Park
corner" where the situation is somewhat obscure.
As this is cabled, it is doubtful if the Germans are hold
ing the crossroads whifh they captured Monday, as a
magnificent French counter attack, retook Locre and the
Locre hospice, putting the enemy in a nasty pocket". .
FrqTipn.ritish troops advanced their line to Nut road
-tween Monts Kemmal and Scherpenberg.
'"I" "wlctvs and counter attacks are occurring with hellish
regularity in the hills and plains around Ypres.
Von Arnim put in about five fresh divisions (60,000
men) Monday. Today their freshness was considerably
.worn off. ...... '- ' '' V.
The allies everywhere claimed great execution. The
British .Twenty-Fifth, Forty-Ninth and Twenty First
.divisions repulsed at least ten attacks. The Twenty-Fifth
alone had smashed up three by 10 a. m. and four .by noon.
By Witfiam Philip Simms
(United Tress staff correspondent)
With the British Annies in Flan
ders, AprU 29 (Night) The German
Hrtittery is roaring frclm Ypres to Mct
cren, but lciw flying aviators have
brought in report thatJh.e p'Uaelffer
j.'T i ui wuurv. want ' tn iv Illuming wueu
..wave tffter wavo broke (town.
The German high command ordered
ill men to take the nest cf hills from
Kcinimel to Dps Cats, (a distance of
five and a half indies ciasit to weijt) at
all coats likewise Ypres. But as this
is cabled neither the British nor tho
Trench, have yielded ground, despite
on of the nice furious onslaughts of
Monte Rouse and Noir (two miles
west of Mont KemmeJ) are well nam
ed. On their slopes the Germans lie
thilck, weltering in their own blood
:a gruesome tetstiiaonial to French to
uiffiity. (The French word "Rouge" mans
red or bloody; "noir" mcaus foul or
Further nlorth, around Voormezeelc
(loss than two milea south of Ypres),
tlie fiat ftiellds ere full of terrible
Bights. Here tho British divisions
caught the etonmers with artillery and
machine gun fire, dcwiiimating the enc
ny, who fonghit well and with courage.
The farms ore strewn with cadavers.
On the whole it has been a day of
heavy losses for Crown Prince Rup
preebt without commensurate gain.
The German1 command wants these
Flanders hill because they command
(Continued on pago two)
4t 4t 4c b 4e 4t 4t b
l r r r r P
t Abe Martin . . J
Who remembers when tra used t'
Jinock bond holders! "What I don't nn
dcrstand about this war," said Mr. Til
ford Moots, t'dayt""is wljy (offee haint
7 FoffOWiu j
t3 :i 4- & iA. lt ' .1, tA.
-P " l" "T" "X" 'J
BRITISH REPORT HEAVY
LOSSES DUEINO APEIL
London, April 30. Brit!i
asuilty U.siiuUialKWT' during
ir showed 1683 o-fficO:vg
killed, 4S41 wounded and 459'
miasinu; 81H9 men killed, 35 304
iwounded, and 614 missing.
Tho toihal of 53,290 casualties
lis t.h Sargest mnee January
when they were 74,038. The
Mi.kM -casualties were 14,588 sje
and the Fotbruary 19,492. It Is
Mlevfid' tlint neither the March
nr jpri.l asnn'itiea lists in-
elude .bb'O total resulting from '
the Gtvflman drive.
The figure given. 814- men
niis.ing, is out of all proportion
to the) nfltirtbec. of officers re-
- ported passing and may be an
error in coibling. .
j(c ijc sft )c ( 3ft flc !jc
BY PERSHING TODAY
Tei Are Dead, Forty-Seven
.Woonded and One 'Re
Wellington, April 30. Fifty ight
casua.Ifti'n lifted by the war depart
ment today whowed two. deaths in act
ion, twio-froim accident, six fiom dis
ease, five saverely wounded, 42 slightly
w-oimiJed, nd one mling in action.
The lint follows: Killed in action:
Captain Bii chard Laurence Jett, Pri
vate Herbert G. Raymond.
Died of aiwidcnt:
PrivaAeu Eldridge Cope, William W.
of disease :
Caritfiin Charles A. Chambers, Pri
va'w Orris Parlmucrgetit. 1'rcston
X9!, Gliiren.' Everett Brown, James
Batos, Buy L. Weber. ,
Sergeant Tbomas J. Curtin. Gerald
S. Pattan, Private Michael F. Davig,
Leonard F. Hykvia, John Levi Smith.
Miaaiajf in option:
Private Arseno Gergeron.
WW dpa.rbmenit corrections:
Name of Llieuteuant Thomas J.
Mooueyr praviously reported dtad in
ac.tron, njim fcelieved to.be error in
Priwtta Jess M. King, previously
reported detid of gunshot wounds, now
reported slightly wounded.
Liautenaui John W. Morris, previous
ly rflsiti?! wounded, severely, now re
ported prrtfoner; unwiounrled.
The stgtftly wounded liat shows
three lijrtenant injured:
Rdbert' D. Cocj-e, - Rufus B. Cram,
Fraaois Wocthington Hioe.
French General Order
With tie American Armies in
Northern Fraaee, April 28.
The following general order
was isjired by the French gen-
eral commanding the forces in
that sector from which the
Americans departed for I'icar-
"American troops are leaving
for battle. Officers, nou-coiu-
missioned, officers and soldiers
of the army corps salute a(c
their brothers in aruis whose
'bnavory they have admiivd.
They ti nsrratu'ate them on be-
imj about to write in the bnt-
tie of nations the fiist page of
the hijtorj- of the sons of the
great republic, who have ccmie
to fight on the soil cf Frame
for tb triumph of liberty. This
page "S'iLl be glorious."'
Leaders Admit That All Ef
forts to Hamper Govern
ment Have Failed
By L. C. Martin
(United Pre:, s'aff correspondent)
Wa-iliinjtoii, April 3D- With the
passage, by the senate of the Overman
"empowering" bill, a clean cut vic
tory for President Wilson, republicans
today declared thoy have yielded their
As the men wire proceeded to the
house today ,where it will be passed
without long debate or tremendous op
position, republican, leaders indicated
they would fight through the summer
ajiiil earning wtatcr Ibeforc granting
further broad and unspecified powers
to the president. Senator Gallinger,
'niinoritv leader, decnlared twk) adminis
tration measures that authorizing the
geA-ernmcnt oonaimudwr real and per
sonal property when necessary and
that authorizing the igoverament to
buy, sell or tor all grhlns and famivj
procluctsr-rnust not be pressed by the
r""lf the majority insists on the
bulls, " sand ualhnger, "you may as
well send home fer your winter clothes,
because congress will stay right here
until tho next sersion in December."
The democratic margin ot eontroi is
so slim in tooth houses tliat Gallinger 'a
warning was taken seriously by demo
cratic leaders who already have plans
under way for an afieablc agreement
on the two bills in question as well as
flthor legislation. '
The administration victory on the
Overman bill was clean cut- On the
final vote. 63 to 13, those who oppos
ed the lill were:
RepiibKeaim Bratidcgec, Cummin I,
Dillinham, France. Gallinger, Harding,
Johnson (California), Kncx, Poindex
ter. Shemman, Sterling, Southcrland.
Seventeen New Vessels Float
ed During Month of
Portland. Or., April 30, With th
launching tcday at noon of the Com
mandant Challes, f if ih steam auxiliaiy
schooiv'r launched at the Portland plant
of the Foundation company, since March
20, seventeen new vessels have been
floated by Oregon shipyards during
April. This is the best record for any
month since the shfp building boom in
Miss Francos Iirury, daughter of F
W. l)rury, assistant manager of the
Foundation company, i-.ti rue eponsor of
the Commandant Challes, which was
built for the French government.
A launching of special note was that
late yesterday by tlus Coast Hhipbuild
ing company. The vessel, christened the
Barabos, was the first of flie Ferric
typo to be launched in this district, and
the first vessel turned out bv the Coast
plant. Contracts for itight such vessels
are held by the C'asompany for the
Emergency Flee:, Corporation. '
Little Miss Elizabeth Pennell, daugh
ter of H. E. Pennell, was the sponsor.
It was nearly all she could do to handle
tho big sizzling bottle. She is five veers
The 17 vessel? were launched by elev
en yards, including one at Astoria and
two on Coos Bay. All but four of the
vessels are for the Emergency Fleet
Corporation and all but two aw wood
en vessels. .
The Barabos is 'Jhe first of eight ships
of Ferris design to be "built here. They
wm oe sow) ton dead weight vr j50
tons less carrying capacity than the
OREGON SHIP YARDS
HAVE RECORD MONTH
RUSSIA PREPARES TO ENTER
Pan -Executive Council Is
Stirred by Receipt of Many
By Joseph Shsplen
( 1'niited Press Staff Correspondent)
Petrogrnd, April 21. Russia is pre
paring in a most serious manner to re
enter the war bo far as possible under
the present circumstances.
The pan-execujive council at Moscow
on the eve of the receipt of the ''forty
second ultimatum" from Germany, ad
opted War Commissaire Trotsky's plan
ui uiu :r:(.v imuiury naming lor at! j
uieu iruui iu iu to una consenpnon or
all workers and peasants. Those not be
longing to these classes will be forced
to train but will no be taken into the
army until necessary.
Old specialists in military apparatus
and the best general officers have al
ready been eailed into service and the
elective committee systems in the army
hnvc been abolished, only th civil
commissaire8 being regained.
The new plan is expected to yield a
large army within ten months.
The opposition charges that the soviet
government is aiming at its own preser
vation, rather than the defense of Rus
British, American and Japanese rep
reseiilatives amended th meeting. All
parties agreed that Russia's slogan now
"Return to the war as soon as pos
sible." . v
GERMAN CHECK AT YPRES
Berlin Already Rejoicing Over
Expected Speedy Capture
of Channel Ports
By J. 'W. T. Mason
(Written for the United Press)
Now York, AprU 30. The German
check before Ypres is the mcst decisive
Von ilinitenbui'g has sulfered since
the beginning of his efforts to reach
the Flanders plains preparatory for a
neiv major advance to the channel
The aibility of the allies to with
stand the shock of the Geiman massed
a)taks without cttilling upon their re
serves has now been demonstrated.
Hindeniburg will try perhaps two or
three liinies more tc 'break through. If,
however, the northern front holds fast
as it has done in the paslt 24 hours the
German army must begin its process of
recuperation, faced with defeat at a
long distance from the channel.
The quick termination of yesterdays
asault oai the outer defenses of Ypres
demonstrates more than any other Oc-
BACKS TO WALL
Defense of Ypres and Chan
.. nel Ports Bravest In An
nals of History
By Carl D. Groat
(United Press Staff Correspondent;
Washington, April 30. Actually
lighting with their backs to Jio wall,
th.! finish mid French in Flanders are
nrking a defense comparable to the
bravest in history, army men her.'; said
today. That they will be able to halt
the bochc before Ypre appeared to ex
perts almost incredible but iu anv even.
Jlv will get this vantage point only at
itlie price of thousands of wasted lives I
Army men said that tho Ypres strtig
glo is one of the most serious crisis of'
the war. It is using up so much man I
power thai replacement of troops is a '
This replacement is largely up to
America, which is counted on, iu tht
, long run, 10 iurnisn n preponderance 01
i forces which will overwhelm the enemy
i u is Know rnai trie American troop
transport has been beyond original plans
but that the maximum has not yet been
leached. This, it is expected .will be
touched in the n.nxt few weeks.
Pinning their hopes on ultimate, de
cisive victory in France, the German!
a.-t disregarding the other war front
American officers say opportunities an
opening up for alii, d offensive action
iiu both Italy and Macedonia.
Bulgaria's position is particularly vul
nerable, it is said here. The allied armies
in .Macedonia nave oeen strengthened'
by the re-organiied G.ek army, which I
v . - J J ., 1 . . 11 . I
jCUfl lv cirumru VU iwr VUJUHUV? UBMbC-
ance in offensive operations. ,
Germany, officers here say, would
. (Continued on page two)
ON ALLIED SIDE
Either that, or Russia must become
the object of contention and division
fo- the other powers.
If the allies hold until nex; spring
Russia will be able o strike witji new
fresh millions and the doom of Ger
main will be scaled.
COUNTER REVOLT REPORTED
By Ed L. Keen
(L'nited Press Htaff Correspondent)
London, April 30. Tht only scraps of
lews tending to bear out the rumors of
a Iiutaiun counter revolution so far are
the reports from Zurich, regarding tht
arrest of M. Puliloff and Baron Von
I'em Buscke-lladenhausen 'a strange
wir.dcss to General Von Mirbach.
A Zurich dispatch says it is learned
froin Petrograd that M. Pituloff presi
doi.l of the International bank at Vich
iii Giadsky, has been arrested on a
cluitgo of financing a monarchist count-'i-
icvolution, Putiloff is said to have
I'm' Di i ;ish admiralty has made public
a wiivlcss dispatch from Berlin stating
that Busche-llanedhauscn, the under sec
retary for foreign affairs, sent a wire
less to Mirbach, the new German ambas;
sador to Russia asking him to repor'i
concerning tho monarchist restoration in
Busclic-Hadenhauson said he had re
ceived a letter from Pepograd dated
ApriflS, stating that a monarchist proc
Initiation was imminent and that Mich
ael Rodzinnko, Michael Alexicff, Alex
(Continued on page two)
eurreuce of the past fivo weeks that
Hinden'burg fears the approach of ex
haustion of his offensive, power. At no
other time since the German advaneo
began, has Hindeniburg directed tbsj
cessation tif a large scale attack before
snme slight adviaultag has been won.
This time tho Germans were halted in
their track and tho effect on Teutonic
morale must bo knmiediiate.Gcneral Von
Arnim, commander of the German
forces succeeded General Von Khick
clarly in the war when the latter was
removed alflter hi flamous drive to
PariB overran itse'f and contributed to
tho German repulse at tho battle ot
the Marne. The tradition of del oaf to
which Von Arnim succeeded has now
been emphatized before Ypres, and his
own removal may shortly be expected
if the allies' fines continue to hold.
Rejoicings in Berlin t tho expected
capture cf the channel ports will cause
Von Arnim 's failiuo to produce a
more profound reaction than other
wise. Tho criticisms of Hindouburg
which have begun among a daring mi
nority at home beiaose of his slaugh
ter ot German man penver will now
H ive innreiaif'lng we)ip;ht. IlirHcniburg
cannot afford to stand BtiJl. When
that conditicm is forced on him, the
fact of Germany's ultimate defeat
must become increasingly evident to
the German people. ,
German Diver Is Forced To
Submerge After Running
Washington, April 30." A. 8. Ed
wards, Augunta, Ga-, member 4of the
gun crew, and two -members of the
ship's crew, were killed March 21,
when the American 8trani3hip Chincha
had a running 'fight with n large ene
The lMoat after thirty shots had
been exchanged, wa forced to sub
merge, the navy department announc
ed. The Chincha had her fiist cxper-
ienre with U-bcats when she was at
tacked January J8.
.. Tho. submarine .was sighted on the
afternoon of March 21, says tho navy
department statement, and about two
minutes later both the Chincha and
tho diver began firing. Tho fourth C
boat shot struck the Chincha aft and
killed Edwards and two members, of
tho ship's crew.
E. O. Arnold, chief boatswain's mate
in clargo (if the aimed guatd, said the
submarine was of a large type having
two conning towers and mounting two
five inch guns.
The first encounter on January 18
described by E. E. Nord'piint, who was
then in chargo of' tho armed guard,
lasted about an hour.
The men who sk-hfted the submarine
and are mentioned in the reports arc:
E. Nordqixtat, Superior, Wis.; El
mer D. Arnold, Canrnel, Ind.; Allen
8eth Edwards, killed, Augusta, Ga..
and Jack Wciman, Casta lia, Ohio.
Under Leadership of Mrs.
Barrett Andrews Doing
CLOSE BEHIND FIGHTING
LINE UNDER SHELL FIRE
Driving Ambulances and Of
ficers' Cars and Aiding
A City in France, April 24. Sixteen
American girls of the Smith College unit
attached to tho Red Cross are the hero
ines of the recent fighting along thf
Ihey are now aiding refugees am
wouniieu in a certain town behind tht
French lines, under the leadership of
Mrs. Barrett Andrews of Xw York. Tht
girls have been under Bbell fire and
have been bombed several times. They
have saved tho liv.es of numerous aged
French wonicu and children remaining
in towns of the evacuated areas, as long
as possible to nssist tho helpless (sev
eral words deleted by censor) numer
ous French women and girls also.
. They are driving ambuluncei and of
ficers' cars, giving one of the most im
pressive demonstrations of women's
work iu the war. The Smith College unit
was stationed in Grecourt (four miles
southwest of Hnm) on March 20.. The
following day the windows rattled nnd
the houses where thoy were billeted
were shaken bv the opening of th
Gorman bombardment. The next day the
civihuns began evacuating the town
The, girls were advised to lean?, but
Instead "they sent two automobiles ti
ncarby'towus with food and niillC'Thoy'
were prepared to leave in the .evening
w.ien their officers, who had been
without food for two davs, came in
They stopped to servo the officers. As
stragglers began pouring m in the midst
of tho enemy shelling, the girls contin
ued cooking and serving food. The next
day tl'fl girls went to Royc (13 niilcf
southweo; of Ham) which -also was be
ing evacuated. They then continued on
to Mont Bidier (11 miles southwest of
Royc), where they established a tern
porary baby hospital.
Ther.o they cared for children and
blind, aged and infirm persons. They
bought all the supplies possible and set
up a hotel, From a, stove in the court
yard they served hundreds of refugees
for two days and nights, practically
Fi73 girls went to Amiens (twenty
miles northwest of Montdidier) at the
request of -.Jic Red Cross, but aerial and
artillery bombardment compelled them
to leavo that place. Then they gather
in this Irench town, where they ore
busv visiting hospitals, meeting wound
ed at the station and serving hot food
and cigare jlcs. They have f.'d more
than 3,000 men, women and children m
the past ten days.
HIS PRESS BUREAU
Resents Charge That He Has
Given Public Anything But
New York, April 30. Demand for
an inveitigation of the committee on
pi Vie information was made by Geo.
Creel, its chairman, in a letter address
ed to Fiank P. Glasa of Birmingham,
president of the American Newspaper
Publisher association, which became
public hero today.
Creel's letter wat written in answer
to charges made by Hopewell Rogers,
business manager-of the Chicago Duily
News, in his address last week as re
tiring president of tho A. N. P. A.
Roger referred to the committee as a
" depantmenit cf the government, on
tho ono hand, dealing out misinforma
tion, and on tho other withholding
new until it has reached the public
through the bulletins of the enemy,"
and also referred to "the incompetent
and dwtoyal head otf the head of the
department who glories in our iinprc
paredncss." In hi letter to Glass, ( reel said:
"I iiwist that the American Newspa
per Publishers association is compell
ed by every dictaito of patriotism to
prove or dwprove 4he charges that
Mr. Rogers made as it president."
Creel also Announced that he had
(Continued on page two)
S Or NOU
ARE IN HIGH SPIRITS
New National Army Uts Are
ARTILLERY IS AfflVE
IN TOUL SECTOR FRONT
German s Apparently Trying m
to Force Americans to
Mass Forces There
By Frank J. Taylor,
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
With the American Army in Lor
raine, April 30. National army men
arriving from American training-'
camps are bringing high spirits and ad
ditional numerical slrength to tho
forces in this region.
One group, organizing and restincf in
a tranquil rear area, is composed of
clean cut, strong, healthy and.unboast
ful but confident men who aro now
eager to get at the Germans. Their
spirit is shown in a remark of their
general, who said, slangingly:
"The Germans havon't got our goats:
but we'll get their 's. The national
army will how 'em when it gets iuto
The men are enraptured with France
and there is much fraternizing with
the inhabitants. Some of tho men aro
already engaged to French girls, and
will tuke them back . homo when tho
war is over.
It is the unconquerttblo force - and
spirit if the newly arriving national
army that furnishes tho cloment which
the ul!io; need to overwhelm the
German's, army'leadcY ssyC
Move Against Americans.
With the American ! Armv in Lor
raine sector, northwest of Toul is tak
en to mean that the boch.es are seeking
to force a concentration on the Amer
ican front there to hamper American
participation in tho big battles to tho
north.. The Germans began a violent
bombardment of the American positions
Sunday n.oining evidently fearing an
attack. The American anny artillery
took up the challenge and the duel con
tinued for several hours being partic
ularly viflent from 8 a. m. to midnight.
All this time rifle and machine guns :
on both sides were busy.
Germans Have Stooped
For "Breathing Spell"
- The defeat administered in
Flanders by tho coni-Wncd
British and Trench ha com- 4
polled the Geranans to resort
to another "brenltihlin-g spell."
" The enemy opened the bat-
tii-aliy the entire iiorUier'i
intense bombardinon.t on prac-
tie early yesterday with in-
frcnt. After several hours' pro-
pa:aition, the infantry was sent
forward on tho ten mile line.
between Meterc and Zille-
All day (ind far into tho
t- night the Germans hacked and
ije buffeted at tho allied posi-
jc Hons, The British, mowing
down wave after wave of the at
n't tacking force, refused to givo
nn inch. Thn French, forced to
j 1)1 A son gromnd near Locro se
je launched counter attacis until
they had regained all the ter- 4s
Tcday Huig announced that
the northern battle front was
if "comipaiiatively quiet." Thus
tho most dewporato assault at-
M tempted by the Gej-mans in
eeveral days ha failed.
Tho bombardTnerot of Brit-
$ ish positions between Lens and
Arras yesterday, which was
conducted sinuiltianeciuy with
if tho cannonading in Flanders,
Jailed to develop any infantry
if The allies appear to retain
if the initiative is Picardy as
if .shown by Haig's announce-
meat that the Britain yeater-
day advanced their lines slight
Iv'east of Villens-Bretonneux.
This village, which m about
if eight miles east of Amien, has
changed hands several times.
BAKER GETS THE COIN.
Baltimore, April 30. Secretary of
War Newton I. Baker, in an addrea to
financiers, merchants and manufactur
era at a luncheon given In his honor at
the Emerson hotel Yesterday so stirred
tnc representative men of Baltimore hf
his recital of deeds of heroism and sets
sacrifice as seen and heard by him dur
ing his visit to the battle front in
France and Ituly that in forty minute
subscriptions poured in to the extent ot