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FORTY-FIRST YEAR- NO. 96
SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, APRIL 23, 1918
PRICE TWO CENTS
OX TRAINS A5TD IflWi
h i y n r i m i ii ti " ti i
tin .it . . ti n y ii n it m n n n n
ID AND BOMBARDS
Five Ships Filled With Concrete Are Sunk In She Channels
at Ostend and Zeehrugge In Attempt to Block Them
Shore Batteries They Faced Are Most Powerful In the
World Germans Cannot Be Goaded Into Naval Battle
The British navy, in its challenge to the German high
seas fleet, is becoming increasingly daring.
Following the destruction of enemy armed trawlers in
the Cattegat, April 15, six hundred miles from an English
basethe British early today raided the destroyer and
submarine bases at Ostend and Zeebrugge bombarding
the harbor defenses and sinking five.-concrete filled ships
in the channels. .
The measure of courage necessary for this operation is
evident from the fact that the shore batteries in these
Belgian ports are known to be among the most powerful
in- the world, and the ships, to. have accomplished the
desired blockade, must have been sunk well inshore.
The British forces, the admiralty said, consisted only
of "auxiliary vessels" and six obsolete cruisers five of
which constituted the blockading fleet, in addition to the
"covering ships." These latter, however, may well have
been armored or battle cruisers, with heavy armament,
'as they performed the same role as the artillery in an in
fantry advance. Lying well off shore, they undoubtedly
laid down a "barrage" with
lighter craft crept under the very noses of the harbor
defenses to insure the success of the blockading process.
Geddes has thus figuratively struck Von Capelle twice
in the face with his glove-within little more than a week,
without drawing a response.
All indications point toward a deliberate attempt by
the British navy to goad the Germans into a sea fight of
more or less major proportions, in which the enemy high
seas fleet would be opposed by a combined British and
On land, minor actions continued yesterday afternoon
and last night in various sectors along the west front,
with the allies taking the initiative. Another raid on the
American postons north of St. Mibi'el, Monday, in which
the Americans repulsed the
then promptly made a successful counter raid, was
At Zeebrugge Mole.
London, April 23, British sailors,
forming storming parties fought along
side the Zeebrugge mole for an hour
during the. naval raid on the Gorman
submarine bases in Belgium, Sir Erie
Geddes, first lord of the admiralty an
nounced in the house of commons this
"An old submarine, filled with explo
sives, was blpwn up beside the Zee
brugge mole," Geddes said.
- "Htorming demolition parties from
the Vindicative and the Daffodil fought
alongside the molo, inflicting great dam
age. "While the storming parties fought
alongside the mole, block ships entered
the harbor and accomplished their ob
jective." . ' '. ,
The Vindicitive is A light cruiser of
fi,750 tons built in .1897. She is 320 feet
long, has a complement of 480 men and
a speed of 19 knots an hour. Her main
battery consists of ten six inch guns.
The Bruges canal connects Zeebrugge
with Bruges, an important city eight
No ship named the Daffodil is listed
in available naval registries. She is be
lieved, however, to be a mine sweep
er, as most craft of that character as
(Continued on page six.)
GERMAN LOSSES 5,000,000 ,
Pari, April 23. German writ
erg estimate the grand total of
German killed and prisoners,
adding those dying of illness and
wounds, and the casualties in
colonial and naval fighting, etc.,
at five million.
Kar Bleistreu, a German mili
tary writer, declares in the Neu
europa that tht German losses
on the west front, between Aug
gust 1914 and August i17, to
talled 2,604,961, in killed and
On the east front, h said, the
total killed and prisoners were
German- writers estimate Ger
man losses between? August 1917
and January 31, i9lA, m 307,
450 killed and taken prisoner, on
their big guns, while thd
enemy with artillery fire and
GOVERNMENT HAS ALL
Begins at Ones Vigorous
Campaign Against Spies
By 2i. 0. Martin
(United Press staff correspondent) .
Washington, April 23. Thoroughly
equvppdd .with all Necessary powers
for the first time sinco the war be
gan, (the government today began a
more vigorous campaign against ene
my spies and plotters.
With President Wilson 's signature
to the sabotage ball, and with the es
pianago and women alien measures now
law, department of -justice officials in
formed congressional leaders they be
lieved they now had all the powers
they need to cope with the Germans
within the nation.
The jOhamiberlain (spy bill, - giving
military courts martial jurisdiction ov
er apionago cases now tried by civil
courts, was dead today as a result ot
President Wilson's personal opposition
While the president's influence ef
fectually killed the Chamberlain meas
ure his "no compromise" attitude in
the same letter, regarding the Over
man empowering bill, has not material
ly helped that measure. The Overman
bill will pass, but only as a compro
mise measure. A poll taken toy Senator
Hoke Smilth, Georgia, today, showed
47 senators favoring the amendment,
42 against it, with seven doubtful.
Three doubtful omes later told 8mith
they favored amendment.
The house military committee today
heard Secretary of War Baker in ex
ecutive session. Baker was to tell the
oommittce how many soldiers the de
partment plana to put in the field and
the committee is ready to vote for any
appropriation needed. It was general
ly believed Baker would recommend an
army, of frtt 3,000,000 to 5,000,009,
RAH SINGH KILLS
RAM CHANDRA IN
U. S. COURT ROOM
Shot Defendant In Hindu
Revolution Case, As
FIRED THREE SHOTS AT
OTHERS BUT MISSED
Federal Marshal Shoots Mur
San Francjgco, April 23. Kam
Chandra, leading defendant in the
Hindu Tevolt plot trial here, was ahot
and killed in the courtroom at noon
today by Ram Singh, another defend
ant. Singh fired tlwee shots from an au
tomatic pistol into Chandra's body,
then fired three more shots wildly
about the .court room.
United States Marshal Hololian rose
from his seat beside the defendants
and shot Singh dead as he stood in
tho crowded court room with the smok
ing pistol still in his hand.
Court had just adjourned for the
noon recess. United States Attorney
Preston had j'ust stopped in the mid
dle of the last lap of his final argu
ment on behalf of the government. The
case was expected to go to the jury be-
As the crowd started filing out of
tho court room, a swarthy Hindu step
ped from among the spectators. Kam
Singh rose from the defendant's box
to tall; to hiim. Witnesses declared
they saw 'the strange Indian hand Kam
Singh an automatic pistol. ..
Quickly Singh tinned aaain toward
the 'defendants' box and pumped three
(Continued on page three)
Dry Wells Developed Flows-
Water In Springs Raised
River Goes Wet
Los Ar.geles, Cal., April 23. With
out aid from outside source?, San
Jacinto and Hemet, towns ninety
miles south and east of here, which
were razed by earthquake Sunday, be
gan reconstruction today. Contracts
have alrer.dy been let in nearly every
instance lor rebuilding.- Out of the
ash-gray heaps of broken brick and
mortar citizens say will rise Dew and
The first estimate of damage of half
a millioii dollars done to the town still
stands. 1 However, the damage suf
fered in other parts of southern Cali
fornia is considerably lower.
Scientists today' were puzzled by the
strange phenomena attendant on the
great tremblor. Water in mountain
springs, both, hot and cold, rose two
feet and maintained the new surface.
Several wells in the coarse of boring
(Continued on page three)
SECRETARY BAKER GIVES
HIGH PRAISE TO SOLDIERS
Is Optimistic But Says Amer
ica Must Exercise Her
GENERAL FOCH'S OPINION
"I am not given to compli
ments, but the American soldier
now in France is tho equal of
any fighting man in the world."
This was the message of the
allied supreme commander to
Secretary of War Baker during
his recent trip in France, ns
given to the house military af--fairs
committee by the secre
tary today. : ,, , ;
Washington, April 13. "Men of ac
tionyounger men," are needed for
America to win the war.
This was the belief expressed by
Secretary of War Baker to members cf
the house military committee today. He'
ndded that his experiences and observa
tions whi)C('nbroad convinced him that
the success of the war depends on young,
rather than old men.
His statement was regarded as indi
cating his disapproval of increasing the
draft ages to 40, 45 or 50 as has been
Bukcr did not go into details as to
thff proposed size of America's army
today and was not questioned as to
whether sufficient men can be obtained
under tho present draft ages. This ques
tion with many other appropriation mut
ters will be threshed out at a lntf-rns-sion.
A most nrnmisinfr rrieture of tho vast
preparations the United States is malt
ing in Franco for the fighting men sums
up the secretary's tam Detore tne coin
Some Storage Building
"Our storage facilities over thero,"
he said, "If lined up would he a build
ing fifty feet wide and two hundred
miles long practically the distance be
tween Washington and JNew XorK, ua
The artillery and.aviation schools the
United States has established in i ranee
are absolutely the finest In tho world,
Baker declared, and have won tho admir
ation of our albes. Amtricnn artillery
and aviation will be two of the lead
ing features in winning the war, he pre
Although verv optimistic over the
general situation, Baker emphasized
$ Abe Martin J
hat's become o' all th' big, round
women we used t' seef Th' feller that
don't know what he's talking about
ilut vaaU V bet you. '
that tho end of the war probably will
depend upon the throwing or American
resources both men and supplies iutd
the fighting area in great quantitios.
"He made it clear," Bald Representa
tive Kahn, "that America must deliver
a great big punch before the war is
"These crucial times have failed to
shako the firm belief of every allied
statesman and military man as to the
final outcome," Baker said before tho
executive session began.
Working As A unit.
"The allies now, probably for the
first time in the war, are working as a
unit," he said. "National imes nave
been wiped out in the common cause.
This, with the increasing American
strength, makes me optimistic of the sit
uation." The secretary, ' was profuse in his
praise of the individual fighting men. ,
'They are wonderrui, ne saw.
".Every man of our force seems so ac
tive, so eager to tight. .Every man
soems to be moving twice as fast over
thero as people do over hero. They are
an inspiring sight."
Mombers of the committee were plain
ly pleased with Baker's report.
"Tho keynoto of the Becrotary's ro
view is that there are no pessimists over
there," said Representative Anthony,
Kansas. "They are all confident that
victory will come to tho allies, accord
ing to Mr. Baker."
CIS ARE ENTICED
Watches and Jewelry of Miss
ing Girls Found In -Schmidt
Eoval Oak. Mich..' April 23, A mur
der plant where girls were enticed and
slaughtered for what money and other
valuables they possessed, was believed
uncovered hero today in the arrest ot
Uclmuth Schmidt, his wifo, Helen, and
their 18 year old daughter, Gertrude.
Ti.n rilniif included a crematory where
bodies of victims wcro disposed of, po
lice think likely.
. y r - i. t
Augusta Bteiuuacn, incw xorn nuuse
nilin lisnnncnred here more than a
year ago, was merely ono of tho sacri
fices, authorities are lncnneu iu mm.
Kl, wn lured here from New York by
a matrimonial advertisement.
A charred bone, resembling a numan
.,i..;0 .ml a lmnk nf linir contnininir
a few' reddish strands were found to
day under a pile of ashes in tne rear oi
the Schmidt home. Miss Steiubach had
Loot including three women's watches
and quantities of women's jewelry, has
been found in the house.
Schmidt, an alien enomy, worked as a
mechanic in the Ford plant in Detroit
under another name. He is suid to have
been educated in Heidelberg, Ho is sus
pected of connection y.'ith tho German
underground railway in tins country.
Admits Burning Body.
Detroit, Mich., April 23. Helmuts
Rplimirit- in iuil here, admitted this af
ternoon that he bnrncd the body of Aug
nsta Stcinbach, New York housemaid,
who disappeared at Royal Oak a year
Schmidt insisted Miss Steinbach kill
herself, however, bv takintr DOison in
his home, following his refusal "to
elope with her."
He admitted putting the matrimonial
" ad " in a New York paper.
Cantain Champion of the French army
has been visitintf in Portland. Good
name fox a fighting man.
IN RECENT BATTLE
ARE AROUND 500
Pershing Estimates German
Losses at About That
SAYS AMERICAN LOSS
WILL NOT EXCEED THAT
300 German Dead In Recap
tured Trenches Tell of
FOUGHT LIKE TIGER.
Washington, April 23. Here
is the story of a fighting Ameri
can soldier son of Dr. David,
"near Cleo, 8. C."
"He was overwhelmed by the
boehe but he had a pile of hu
man flesh in front of him," ac
cording to a cablegram from tho
soldier, son of Internal Revenue
Commissioner Boper today.
"Ho fought like a tiger ac
counted for seven bodies wth
his pistol and then was fighting
with an empty rifle when strucH
Roper's Bon' said: -
"Your faith is well placed iu
the American soldiers. They
have the endurance of the Eng
lish, the charge of the French
and the pep that belongs to Am
ericans alone." ,
By Frank J. Taylor '
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
With the Amoriean Army In .Lorraine,
April 23. The American official report
on Saturday's engagement northwest of
Toul follows: - ... ,
' ' The losses sustained by us were no
largot than could reasonably be expect
ed ''the engagement was tho most se
vere in which the Americans have par
taken. "The enemy's loBses wore much
grentor thau ho had anticipated as is
evidenced by more than 300 dead in tho
American trenches and in No Man's
"The Oerman woundod were dragged
I ack to tho German trenches and their
number is unknown.
"Heavy damage, was inflicted by
tho Franco-American artillery where
tho lines join."
Tho stories of wounded men reveal
t!i a biavery of American groups in re
Histnig and driving off several times
tlitir number of enemy troops in Satur-
ly 6 engagement.
Gnu "dead man's curve" was defend
ed by a machine gun squad under con
siant and deadly German fire, keeping
the lino of communications open.
A grenadier who was in the front line
asl.ca it ho was Beared, replica;
"Didn't have timo: I was too busy
fighting. I had twti green men with me,
si I had to set them an example. They
(Continued on png5 two
CITY ILL APPEAL
WATER RATES CASE
TO FEDERAL COURT
Taxi Licenses Must Be Paid
-No Unpatriotic Literature
To ifc Distributed
The city council at the session held
last evening went into rapid fire action
and produced several results, bills paasJ
ing with regular machine gun precision.
Tho Pastor Russell stutf and paper
called "Kingdom News" is in bad, nor
will there be any explanation or why.
"The Finished Mystery" wasn't finish-
ed An ordinance passed makes it unlaw-
ful for any ono to print or distribute
unpatriotic literature and the party whoi
next attempts to distribute "Kingdom
News" in balom is laying for trouble.
Taxi cab drivers who have been evad
ing the law in regard to the license of
$li a year for eucii car will new fuc:
a specially prepared ordinance. It went
through last night. A dozen of the taxi
drivers petitioned the council to repeal
the law. Iustead, it drew a new ordin
ance that City Attorney Macy says wUI
get the sliirke.s and thouc who haven't;
paid their licenses.
Appeal Wat; Bote uase. -
The council instraetd "'ity Attorney
Macy and William V Lord tg appeal
(Con'.'nued on page three)
Holland Told Her Grainships
Fill Be Sunk, Fears to Let
HOLLAND ABOUT READY
TO BREAK Wmi KAISER
Switzerland, -Spam and Swed
en Kept Hungry by
DUTCH CABINET MEETS
The Hague, April 23. The
Dutich cabinet held an extraor
dinary session yesterday, it was
learned today. ,
This meeting undoubtedly
was held in connection with
the reported friction between
Holland and Germany result
ing from their trade relations.
Washington, April 23. Gorman sub.
marines now are Btarving neutral Hol
land. Switzerland, Spain and Sweden.
Foad and agricultural supplies prom
ised these nations by the United State
are not going forward because German
threats have frightened ship owners
from sending bottoms for the supplies.
Tho supplies wore promised under
various trade agreements1 this country
made with tho nations named in re
turn for uso of ships.
Holland is badly in need of grain.
Two Dutch ships loaded with grain are
in Atlantic ports waiting to sail. They
cannot Fail until . tivo other Cutck
ships leave Dutch ports for this side.
A third Dutich ship is held in an Ar
gentine port with grain waiting sim
Germany has threatened to torpedo
Dutch ehips leaving for tho Uuiteit
States, cable dispatches say.
Only Two Take Chances
Ship owners of only two neutral,
countries are daring to keep their
agreomont with tho United States and
are sending bottoms dcapito German
throats. These owners are residents ol
Norway and Denmark.
Spain, under a roeenit ' agreement
with the United Stutee, was to Bond
her ship ,to get agricultural and rail
Way supplies. Yet very few supplies
havo gone forward, though this coun
try stands ready ,to granit clearance il
Spain- fulfills her obligation by ship
ping supplies 'overland to Pershing,
Kr.guJar departure of Ships loaded
with grain for a Mediterranean port
and consigned to Switzerland is held
up pending tho granting of safe con
duct by Germany.
Kxchange of supplies' with Sweden
also is being held up because ships aw
nob leaviniu when sun.nl"' (CO forward
itrom the United mates.
Sweden Must Respond
Last week three ships were released
with phosphate rcick and nitrate for
Sweden with tho hope Sweden would
later Btart bottoms for this country.
No more clearances will ba permibted,
however, until a corresponding num
ber of bottoms leave for the United
Thn American crovernment is etriv-
&ng for arrangement whereby the
Dtit'h icun have more suppJies. wnctn.
cr an arrangement can bo made is
pru'hlcimaticul, but officials manifest &
desire to treat Holland not only fair
ly, but liberally in the eituation.
This is significant from tho fact that
Holland new finds herself in trouble
with Germany over an old disputo, and
the tono of reports here indicates that"
a break botweon the two countries, is
dangerously near. Holland has a stur
dy army, but it is doubtful if she could .
withstand the forco that Germany
might use to overran her. Holland
complains that the allies have failed
to aid hor in strengthening that army;
and it is to meet that cwmplaimt that
the state department and war trad
ihoard are scoking to amplify the sup
plies. LOSSES STAGGER GERMANS.
The Hague, April 23. The
German provincial towns aro
greatly disturbed over the enor
mous casualties resulting from
the weBt front offensive. The pa
pers are filled with obituaries.
As an example, during the
first five days of the offensive
tho small frontier town of Ben
theira. had sixty seven dead and
Grouau had 27.
Bentheim and Gronau are lo
cated near the Dutch frontier
Each had a population of 2500
before, the war.