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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 7, 1918)
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SPECIAL WILLAMETTE VAL
LEY NEWS (SERVICE
the rRi pt Bono;
FORTY-FIRST YEAR NO. 33
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 1918
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AND NT5W
STANDS FIVH CENTS
f fj II a JC 1 I II 7 Fl . I Ml tUU-l 1 1 II fi ! II
TWO HUNDRCt fiD TEN
PROBABLE Dll TOLL
TU BY SUBMARINE
By Robert J. Bender,
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Washington, Feb. 7. Germany's sub-sea attack on the
transport liner Tuscania has netted a probable toll of 145
United States officers and
According to official and
here, the total missing from
210, with 2,187 saved.
As the casualty list dwindled during the morning hours,
hope was held out that later reports from isolated points
on the Irish and Scottich
The shock of the tragedy left its mark on official
Washington today. Secretary of War Baker issued a
statement to comfort "those whose sons and brothers
have been added to the nation's heroic dead."
Meantime the purpose of the war government and
members of congress relentlessly to repay Germany for
her stealthy thrust at America men was strongly
Leading senators called upon the citizens of the United
States for redoubled efforts to defeat the Germans.
"Although it comes as a terrific blow, it was a calamity
which might be expected during the course of war," said
Senator Chamberlain, chairman of the senate military
affairs committee. "My sympathy goes out to the parents
of the splendid American boys who were on their way to
France to fight for the liberty of the world."
"We must take this as a part of the grim business of
war," declared Senator Penrose of the senate naval af
fairs committee. "It should impress upon us the necessity
for speeding up our airplane program and other means
of fighting U-boats. That they have struck this blow is
no reason why we should lose hope. It should only
strengthen us." -
But there was a sharp rebound from the shock when
naval officers declared that revenge is certain. In the
past three months British and American patrols, they
said, have sunk U-boats faster than they have been built.
New anti-submarine work by the Americans, they added,
"is proving hopefully successful."
LAND IN IRISH TOWNS,
American survivors of the
transport Tuscania were landed
in picturesque Irish towns.
Kuins of an old castle add in
terest to the watering place of
Boncrana, only eleven miles
Larue is a typical Irish sea
port on Lough Lame, an inlet
of the north channel, 17 miles
from Belfast. It offers a shel
tered harbor from storm-swept
Washington, Feb. 7 Six hundred of
the transport Tuscania have been land
ed at Larue, Ireland, war department
dispatches this afteruoon announced.
Names of twenty eight survivors,
landed at Islay also were forwarded.
The six hundred are believed to be
a part of the 1,1U0 reported landed at
Ituucariia and Lanie in last night 's war
department dispatches. These mspatches
however, carried no mention of surviv
ors having been landed at Islay.
The dispatch, the first received since
late last night, told briefly that British
hospital ships were being rushed to the
scene of the disaster and every means
or succor was being used,
following are ttie thirty rcporteu at
Fort Ellen, Islay,. Scotland, to which
the British are sending doctors, rations
Second Lieutenant Frank L. Maker,
engineer reserves and the following, be-
longing to company E, Sixth battalion, !
Twentieth engineers forestry.
iirst Lieutenant bchweissinger, ber-
geant Harry A. Kelly, Corporal Howard :
Ji. Bullock, Corporal William A. Cherry.
Privates Oliver Bowman, Bale Has- i0 everything and spend all the money
lctt, William Hickling, Charles Imeck, ! neCessarv to care for the soldiers.
Harry A. Keeler, Lloyd Leadbetter, j Two Hundred and Ten
James T. Moss, Walter Maecarek, Da-1 London, Feb. 7. Two hundred and
vid Foe, Edward Peterson, J. W. Redd, ten persons were lost in the torpedoing
O. M. Roberts, Lee Terzia, Ralph I'ppus ' 0f the troop ship Tuscania, last Tues
A. Van Ondenriessehe, Coliman White, j dav it was learned here today.
John S. Williams, Edward L. Anderson, i Latest reports received here declared
Tom A. Ash by, Frank F. Bioz, James1 that 2,1S7 survivors had been landed.
Basye, Alexander X. Bush. I The Tuscania, it was announced here,
Of the 107th supply train Private H. j carried 119 officers and 2,037 men. Of
Kliest, 138th aero squadron; Privates ! these, 76 officers and 1,935 men were
John B. Leming and Edward Klingman. i reported saved. Later figures may in
British authorities have wired instruc- j crease the number of officers saved
tions to their commands in Scotland and and decrease the number of men, it was
Ireland to afford our troops from the ; declared.
Tuscania every possible assistance and j In addition to the officers and sol
to furnish them with clothing require- i diers rescued were 16 ship's officers,
mcnts, the war department said. "Offi-,125 memf'eTS of the crew, three passen
cer have been dispaK-hed from Liver- jgers and 32 undesignated. ' "
pool, Glasgow and London to points in j
Ireland where survivors now are and (Continued on page two)
soldiers and 65 others.
unofficial reports compiled
the U-boat thrust Tuesday is
coast will ghow even more
they will wire names immediately. Am
erican Consul at Belfast reports six
hundred survivors at Lame. As soon
as they are properly outfitted they will
be brought to Winchester.
Troops Carried by Transport.
New York, Feb. 7. United Press dis
patches from London today indicated
, the total number of men and officers
of the United States army lost or miss
ing ou the Tuscauia is 145, divided as
Forty three officers and 102 men.
These figures showed the total of
ficers on board as 119, the total 'men as
2,037; the total officers saved as 70
and the total men saved as 1,935.
In addition, the United Press dis
patches reported among the saved six
teen shin's officers, 125 crew, three
passengers and 32 undesignated, making
a grand total of all saved of 2,187. The
same figures gave the total of lost as
210, of which evidently 05 were classi
fied as not belonging to the United
Eescue Work Effective.
Washington, Feb. 7. The greatest
and perhaps the most dramatic rescue
work of the war has been accomplish
ed in saving American soldiers aboard
the torpedoed Tuscauia, officials be
believe. The picture of destroyers, patrol boats
and hospital ships maneuvering about
! the jinking vessel, skillfully directed
: l)y British naval officers, with a net
: saving 0f 90 per cent of the threatened
lives, is one that will reflect glory in
:naval historv, officials say.
j Prompt and general cooperation was
0ffered bv British and Americans on
botll iana and sea, it is stated. Red
Cross workers, army officials and civ
jjans were sent to points where the
survivors landed with instructions to
ALIENS ABE FEARED
Portland, Or., Feb. 7. Con
vinced that enemy aliens plan
a reign of f rightfulness in and
around Portland, officials to
day redoubled their frustration
efforts, following discovery
near the steel bridge, on of
the city's most important spans
of sufficient explosives to com
pletely wreck it. The cache
consisted of 91 sticks of dyna
mite, heavily charged with ni-tro-glycerine.
DUKE ALBRECHT IS IN
COMMAND Of TROOPS
WEilCH FACE SAMMIES
Famous German General of
Royal Blood Will Guard
Road to Melz
By J. W. T. Mason
(Written for the United Press)
New York, Feb. 7. Duke Albrecht
of Wurtemburg Is in command of the
German forces facing the American
troops who have taken over a sector
of the French front near St. Mihiel.
Albrecht is one of the two German
generals of royal blood who have made
reputations during the war. The otherW
is the Crown Prince Eupprecht of Ba
varia.' Albrecht was inspector general
of the Sixth German inspection dis
trict, when the war broke out. He com
manded the 13th army corps at Stutt
gart and was one of the leaders of tlie
Gorman drive through Belgium.
Ho commanded the German army
that subdued the great French fortress
at Mauibouge on the Belgian border.
It was the fall of Maubeuge under the,
unprecedented pounding iof the new
type of Gsmiian siege guns that led to
the bandonment of fortress warfare in
the present struggle and the substitu
tion of trench fighting.
Afte? the battle of the Marne, in
which Albrecht is now known to have
participated, he was reported to have
been given command- of. the German
armies in Belgium. This post he did not
old for long. One year later he re
edved from the kaiser the coveted or
der pour lo merite, on the anniversary
of the fall of Maubeuge.
Albrecht 'a selection to command the
Germans opposito the American trench
es means that he is to guard the road
to Metz, the great fortress in Lorraine.
Under American hammering, Metz may
prove to be Germany's Maubeuge and
Albrecht may suffer the same fato he
inflicted upon the French and British
which gained him his reputation as
the destroyer of modern fortifications.
Albrecht is 53 years old and is a
widower. His wife and his mother were
born Austrian princesses. . Albrecht
does not belong to the ruling line of
the Wurtemburg dukes, but is the son
of the head of the Wurtemburg ducal
Artillery Active Along West
Front But No Infantry
Fighting of Consequence
Downed Fifty-Six Planes
Rome, Feb. 7.-"Fifty six
hostile airplanes have been
downed since January 26," the
Italian war office announced
Paris, Feb. 7. Artillery was active
over a wide section of the French
front today, the war office announced.
Cannonading was reported north of
the Aisne, in the Chavignon, Paranu
and Hilvain regions, along the right
bank of the Mcuse, and near Pamog'
ncux. Hill 314 and Hartmanns-Wieler-
The French conducteda raid in the
irermans bombarded 1'anholz, in
Alsace, and later attacked French posi
tions there, but were thrown back.
British Troops Raid.
London, Feb. 7. Liverpool troops
successfully raided enemy positions
east of Armeivtieres last night, taking
several prisoners and machine guns,
Field Marshal Haig announced today.
"Our casualties were light," he said.
Southwest of Cambria and south Lens,
he reported German artillerying.
Berlin, via London, Feb. 7. General
artillerying on the western front was
reported by the war office today.
"Prisoners were taken in an attack
west of Zandvoorde," it was asserted.
"In the Champagne region a French
attack brrke down."
AMERICAN GUNS ACTIVE
ALONG WIDE FRONT AND
GERMAN GUNS RETURN EIRE
By J. W. Pegler
(United Press staff correspondent)
With the American Army in France,
Fob. 6. (Delayed) American artil-
lory was active intermittently tonight
ang a wide front, Gorman guns were
Spasmodically, machine gun and
hand grenade units came into action,
adding to the din.
Twenty four hours of. sprinkling rain
has failed to quiet the American sec
tor. Trench lands have been turned
into a sloppy, swampy morass. From
surrounding high eountrv, surface wa
ter poured in to the trenches.
Sammies standing on the firing steps
tonieht wore shrouded in their water
proof coverings while rifle barrels pro
truded from the glistening folds
EYE MESS TELLS
Vessel Was Warned of JMver's
Attack But Too Late to
Swing Clear of Torpedo
London,' Feb. 7. The Tuscania
warned by another vessel that had spot
ted the torpedo, was in the act of turn
ing when the missle struck, an eye wit
ness declared today.
The eye witness, a passenger on one
of the vessels near the transport
declared the captain of his ship saw
the wake of the torpedo and diverted
the course of his own steamer success
fully. The Tuscania was signalled: "Tor
pedo coming! Dodge!"
The ttfsport started to turn, but
was caught broadside, not having had
time to swerve into the clear. :
The Tuscama was hit a little astern
Most of the passengers on board the
other vessel were not awaro of what
had happened. They spent a merry ev
ening and continued their customary
Another eye witness stated that the
Tuscania sank within 48 minutes af
ter she was struck.
He said the destroyers and other
vessels had surrounded her, picking up
the survivors from the sea and from
He said that it was Tuesday when
the Tuscania was struck. He heard
two explosions, the latter 'apparently
caused by the biirstinr; of the boiler.
Ho said he saw the Tuscania s lights
which previously had been darkened,
suddenly flashed on, that the Tuscania
sent up rockets, burned red flares and
that her lights then wont out.
Survivors arriving at a Scottish port
said that trouble in lowering the life
boats, owins; to the list of the damag
ed transport, caused a number of cas
Destroyers Were Prompt
Glasgow, Scotland, Feb. 7. American
officers among the Tuscania survivors
landed here today declared that there
was no panic aboard the torpedoed tran
sport. Even before those aboard the Tus
cania realized the situation, a British
destroyer was alongside.
The rescue work was handled in splen
did style, the officers said, and perfect
order was maintained.
(Continued on page four)
Who remembers th ' ole time jueeler
that used t' balance a bugtrv whip on
his nosef "You jest have t' be natur
ally lively t' git anywhere at a near
beer dance." said Miss Tawnev Annie.
Machine gun units, lying prone at
advanced, isolated strong positions,
were sinijily wallowing in the mud. It
was impossible in any way to avoid
becoming mud-caked from head to foot
Jnow and then an enemy shell threw
up showers of mud along the road
over which troo driving sweating
mules hauled groaning wagons laden
with shells, bread, bullets and beans
for others in the trenches and gun
A few aeroplane fights in the thick
weather enlivened the dreary after
noon German planes attempting an in
vasion of the sector held by the Am
ericans were driven back with deadly
0( shrapnel puffs which specked the sky
like hunks of whipped cream.
SON OF GOVERNOR,
Was Member Twentieth Engi
neers But Expected To
It is probable that. Earl Withycombe
a son of Governor Withycombe, was
on the Tuscania, which was sunk by a
submarine off the coast of Ireland
Tuesday. He was a private in Company
D, Twentieth Engineers, which is listed
as one of the companies on the ship.
Bui, as he had expected to be transfer
red Jto Company A, Forty-First Battal
ion, it is considered possible that the
transfer was made before the Twentieth
Engineers sailed, and in that event he
would not have been on the Tuscania.
Governor Withycombe is endeavoring to
get word from Washington as to wheth
er his son was on the Tuscania.
Senator Penrose Gives
New Republican Slogan
Washington, Feb. 7. "Spocd up the
war, abolish inefficiency and eliminate
This is to be the republican battle
cry in the coming campaign, Senator
Boies IPcnrose, republican national
committeeman of Pennsylvania oday
S)c 9fc SjC 9C 3C
AMERICAN SHIP SUNK
Washington. Feb. 7. The
Americau steamship Alamance
was torpedoed in foreign wa
ters on Fcbruarv fl, according
to an announcement by v the
navy 'department today. Six
members of the crew, foreign
ers, are missing. All the naval
armed guard and the merchant
crew weie saved.
GUARANTEE TO RAILROADS
OE NEARLY BILLION DOLLARS
ANNUALLY IN REPORT FILED
Washington, Feb. 7- The govern
ment will guaranteo the railroads
.$1100.000,000 returns annually under
the railroad control bill drawn by the
esnate interstate commission.
This estimate is made in a report of
the committee's Mib-cnnimittee to the
senate along with the re-drawn meas
"The average af tho past three !
years," says the report, "reflects
neither poverty nor riches.
"After most careful consideration
the committee are of the opinion that
the owners of these properties would
not bo unlikely to receive an award
from a court at least equal to the pro
posed offer. It is therefore the duty
of congress to authorize the president
to make such offers as will prevent
patriotic and f"ir minded citizens from
resorting to litigations in time of war,
in order to determine their rights
airainst the government-"
The report points out that farriers
accepting these terms will be able to
make all their usual disbursements to
their security holders.
"Tho stabilizing, confidence-producing
effect of such a guarantee will,
the committee believes, be of great as
sistance in war financing, " the re
The "standard return, the report
points out, will be' disposed of in pay
ing fixed charges "and war taxes
which remain a burden upn the stand
ard return," in paying dividends atTd
if any balance remains, for the so-
No increase is allowed for additions:
paid for out of surplus during the per-
iod of federal control, the report Bays.)
BIG DISASTER MAY
TO 1Q SENSES
They May Step Talking and
Get to Work On Neces
AUTHORITY TO CONTROL
Chamberlain - Hitchcock Dis
senters Still Against
Washington, Fob. 7. Shocked by
Germany's dramatic stroke at America's
transport lines, the American govern
ment today gathered itself for the
greatest effort it has thrown into the
Congress had before it President Wil
son's request for unprecedented legisla
tion giving him unparalleled powers for
re-organizing and co-ordinating the en
tiro government war work.
The shipping board announced forma
tion of au inter-allied transportation
committee to allocate tonnage and speed
up shipment of troups aud supplies to
Secretary McAdoo offered an issue of
$550,000,000 in indebtedness certificates
bearing tour por cent interest tho sec'
ond issue heralding the launching of the
third liberty loan, wlueh will be soon
Additional issues of $500,000,000 will bo
issued every two weeks until the next
The war and shipping boards were
considering a plan to restrict imports
and increase service, of neutral ships 111
trans-Atlantic trade. The shipping board
put it squarely up to labor to make the
shipbuilding program a success.
Administration influence was thrown
behind the housing bill before congress
in the belief that the fate of the ship
ping program now depends largely upon
Homes lor tho workers.
President Wilson apparently is deter
mined to slash red tape mercilessly. Jn
his request for legislation which virtual
ly would einpowor him to break the
fetters of peace time taws, reorganize
the government and create or disband
bureaus and commissions as he sees fit,
is seen in a move to stop competitive
buying between the army and navy, em
power tho war industries board to en
force its rulings, now merely advisory,
and co-ordinate various departments
now working at cross-purposes or dupli
And behind the scenes of tremendous
war activity the senate military com
mittee went into executive session with
Secretary Baker and army officers to
satisfy their craving for knowledge of
the scope of the work under way.
Critics of the war department, who
have crystallized their remedies into
the munitions director and war cabinet
I bills, declared that the president's nc-
jtion was at least a partial vindication
(Continued on puge two)
"Whether a denial of any return up
on surplus earuiugs invested iu addi
tional facilities will result iu throw
ing an unnecessary burden of financ
ing upon the federal government and
in the accumulation of a dead surplus
will require careful consideration by
the senate," the report says.
t commenting upon the government
ownership question, which entered
to committee's deliberations, the re
"Your committee is of the opinion
that this is the time for emergency
war legislation and not the time to
settle the many controversial and vex
ed questions concerning our future"
Discussing the last provision in tho
bill, which limits federal control to IN
months after the close of the war, tho
"It may be that the nation will be
unwilling to roturn to conditions ob
taining: on the asnunition of federal
control. Legislation may be demanded
radically changing the relation cf the
government to the railroads from that
Tho commission explains that the
.r)00,0O0,00rt revolving fund carried in
the bill is to pay expenses of federal
control, supply any deficit in just com
pensation to any carrier and to pro
vide rolling stock and terminals, etc.
"'This rolling stock will be used
wherever war and nation needs de
mand precisely as tho Pullman and
other private car lines are now used
on the lines of the varions carriers as
the needs of the season
(Continued on pag two)
W OULD IIA VE PEACE
A! AT Ally PRICE
Bolsheviki Faction, However,
Are Detemused to Hold
Out to Last
THEY COUNT STRONGLY
ON GERMAN REYOLT
Leader of Cossacks Has
Ordered Former Premier
By Joseph Shaplen
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Potrograd, Feb. 2.t (Delayed). Tha
greater portion of the Russian armiea
want peace regardless of terms.
But the Bolsheviki. adoDtinir a ''win
or bust" policy, are determined to sur
render to Germany only as a last re
sort. . '
They are hoping that a revolution in
Rumania, or possibly in the eentral em
pires, will save the situation for them.
The Bolsheviki are counting so strong
ly on an Austro-Uerman revolution in
fact, that they are already planning to
delegate to leaders of the socialists in
the central empires the task of repre
senting Russia 111 Berlin and Vienna af
ter the wur. They have picked Liebk
nuecht, the German radical, as the Rus
sian representative at Berlin and Otto
Bauer, at Vienna.
No news has been received at the
Smoluy Institute from Brest-Litovsk in
tho last 3(i hours. The Germans have
cut the wires to prevent the Russians
receiving news of .tfce general strike in
the central powers.
, Under Foreign Secretary Tchichorin
demanded of Mirbach, one of the Ger
man delegates, an explanation f the
cutting of tho wires. J
Mirbach denied the Germans were re
sponsible, declaring their own wires
Tchicherin replied that the explana
tion was ' ' raw ' ' and that the sovorance
of communications was "unquestionably
BmoJny Institute docs not know pos
itively whether the peace negotiation
nave been resumed.
The Znumiatruda, organ of the social
revolutionaries on the left has received
au indirect wire from BreBt-Litovsk.
stating the Russian delegation regards
as "preposterous" the signing of any
pence agreement at this time.
Tho delegates are awaiting develop
ments of the German strike, it was said,
and may demand another recess toward
Kerensky To Be "Exiled."
Potrograd, Feb. 8. (Delayed). For
mer Premier Kerenskv has been ordered
exiled' 'by General Kaledines, het-
man of the Don Cossacks, according to
reports received here today.
Further breaks 111 tin ranks of tha
factions opposing the Bolsheviki were
Generals Kaledines and Alcxioff and
Former Minister Savinkoff, although
ipparently uniting iu organizing an
army to opposo the Bolsheviki govern
ment arc suid to bo on the verge of
The old and young Cossacks are drift
ing apart and are reported to be facing
an armed clash. Tho Bolshoviki aro
gaining the support of tho young Cog-
Bolsheviki victwies over the Ukrain
ians are reported. A number of stations
and positions in the vicinity of I'os
toff havo been taken by the former.
An artillery battle is raging between
Backmnch and Niezchin, in which the
Bolsluviki are .employing two hundred
I Tli.. I'tf rni 11 1 ruin ttra rpmirtpd t.n tiAVA
retreated after blowing up a bridgo
across the Dnieper. The commander at
l'oetheuro was captured and sentenced
Battles between Bolsheviki forces and
Polish .legionaries are continuing.
Prisoners Are Starving.
Petrograd, Feb. 6. (Delayed).
Thousands of war prisoners are starving
in Russia, as a result of disorganization
of transportation, it was declared today.
Russian officials admitted thoir fear
of an uprising.
Commissioner of Prisoners Mentzik
ovsky said he would "decline to tak
tho consequences" arising from the ser
Efforts to move supplies to tho prison
camps aud to transport prisoners to
points where foodstuffs have been stor
ed have failed through lack of train
Russians Reject Terms
Petrogrsd, Feb. 6. (Delayed). Rus
sian delegates to the Brest Litovsk con
ferences unanimously refused to accede
to the Teutonic delegates demands that
a separate peace be signed immediately,
it was officially announced here today.
The negotiations are continuing.
Ten new members in less tnaa" lt
weeks is the gratifying growth reported
by tho Ko-Keel club of Coqnille.