Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, February 05, 1918, Image 1

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    IMA! O !,V o,.
Only Circulation la Balem Guar
anteed by ths Audit Bureau of
Oregon: Tonight
and Wednesday
fair; colder to
night; moderate
south westerly
- winds. i
111 fl i zjl:, (I W 1
;lPsii '
f 1
French Report That Five
Other Machines Were
Brought to Earth
Germany's Death Roll Mounts
Rapidly According to Ba
varian Socialist cport
Paris, Feb. C. Eight German air
planes were completely destroyed and
five others were brought flaming to
earth by Preach aviators in a series
of lorimduble air battles over the Ger
man lines Sunday, it was officially an
nounced today.
' An enemy attack in the Chemin des
Dames region, following artillery prep
aration, was thrown back before the
attacking waves reached the French
lines, it was announced.
England Files Protest
London, 1'eb. 5. The British foreign
office, through Holland, has protested to
Germany against the sentence of ten
years imprisonment of two British avia
tors for dropping propaganda literature
over the German empire, the London
Wail asserted today.
After careful investigation, the for
eign office has been unable to discover
any breach of international law on the
part of the aviators, the Mail said, Ger
many, the foreign office said, has done
lunula r propaganda work on an exten
sive scale and unless the aviators are
released reprisals will be taken.
The military status of the two Brit
ifti aviators mentioned in the uboyfi dis
patch, was ignored by the Germans.
German Death Boll
Zurich, Fel). 5. The war has cost Ger
many alono 1,300,000 in dead, and as
many more have been wholly or par
tially incapacitated. Socialist Member
Scgitz declared in the Bavarian diet,
jiciordiug to dispatches received here to
day. British Raid Succeeds
London, Feb. ,5. "Many Germans
were killed" and. prisoners and machine
fjiins taken in successful British raids
couth of Fleurbaix' and in the' neigh
borhood of the Ypres-Staden railway
last night, Field Marshal Haig an
ii treed today.
English Non-Combatant Loss.
London, Feb. 5. Enemy submarines
and air raiders have killed 14,120 Brit
ish non-enmbatants men, women and
hildren Chancellor of the Exchequer
lionar 1 aw declared in the house of
commons today.
Work on two new lumber mills is in
progress at Kecdsport.
By Lowell Mellett
C'liitrd Press Staff Correspondent)
Loudon, Feb. 5. Secret knowledge in
the possession of the British government
regarding conditions in Germany may
Jiavi caused the uncompromising atti
tude adopted by the inter-allied coun
cil at Versailles.
Food conditions in the central empires
are known to be increasingly serious.
The Russian "storehouse", upon
which the central empires were count
ing to relieve their own hunger, is still
Trymg to Pose As Man
She Had Manly Vices
San Francisco, Feb. 5. Just
because a hospital interne
smokes cigarettes and owns a
safety razor, it is no reason to
be sure that the interne isn't a
It used to be but tedav it
isn't, for Dr. Akn Hart of" San
Francisco hospital did those
things and wore a natty profes-
sional suit and then, when
"Alan" applied for a place in
the Lane hospital, was recogniz-
ed by a former Stanford student
as having been his fril'y, curly
haired sweet-voiced classmate
of 1913.
The girl left Rnnford in 1913,
snd graduated from the t'niver-
sity of Oregon last June.
am'o Kob Bank
9; of Large Amount
is- e
Kansi jcj'ity, Kan., Feb. 5. An un
masked' g idit late yesterday after
noon htfup and robbed the (Juin
daro St. bank, securing $5000, at
the point va revolver while two com
panions i "l guard outside. The
three me ?.?n escaped on foot. None
of tha ro ,;3 were masked.
Only two employes the cashier and
a woman stenographer were in the
bank at the time the bandit entered.
He thrust a revolver in the f ai of
the cashier, demanding the cash.
F. 8. MeMcniglo, the cashier, push
ed a pilo of currency totalling $5000
across the counter, at the same time
'brushing a much larger pile of bills
from the counter out of sight. The
robber backed out, joined his compan
ions and escaped. Police scouring the
neighborhood in automobiles had not
apprehended 'them up to a lata hour.
Railroad Company Exonerated
As Result of Its Own
The Southern Pacific company has
prepared the following report of the
"Board of Inquiry," covering the au
tomobile accident in which A. E. Eoff
two a i 11 inrorl Jan 29. The accident oc
curred at the Pinckney road crossing,
and tho "Award or .inquiry nammi
ly exonerates the railroad company,
as it is their business to do. They may
or may not be right in this case. The
report says:
This- board finds that westward pas
senger train SSTo- Ki", consisting of
i.ir,K rt.ni. Twin ' 55: was struck, near
I forward end, at Pinckney TOad cross
ing. West fcwlcm, Dy a fora auiomouue
badly damaging the automobile, and
inflicting casualties as shown on form
32. . .
Damage to automobile estimated at
$150; damage to equipment, none, to
track, none.
Investigation discloses that train No.
167 was on time leaving Salem, and
was running at usual rate of speed
across the. Willamette river bridge and
approaches. toward - rPinclmsy road
crossing. Approaching this crossing,
engineer looked to the north, when
Tirobably five hundred feet from cross
ing, and did not observe any vehicle
approaching. His vision was not ob
structed by trees, or other objects, to
ti. ,.(4, rl omtirR rnad could be
mr uvimi .. .
seen for about 1000 feet. On account of
cars on siding at Pinckney, on soutn
side of main track, engineer was watch
ir, iinf AWaptinn closely. Testimony
of witnesses goes to show that whistle
had been sounuea xor iue iuuu. ui
ing, and that automatic engine bell
Konn rino-Inor continuously from
itlie time train left Salem until after
tho accident. . t.
In the meantime, Mr. A. E. Eoff,
age about 45, driving the above de
scribed automobile (no other passen
gers in automobile), was approaching
the Pinckney road crossing, from the
north. Although no witnesses were
-n.iirt Banr ihn automobile ap
proaching, it is thought he must have
been traveling at a hich rate of speed,
and was not aware of approach of
train, as testimony of parties whe at
tended him, after he was placed on
(Continued on page two)
locked because Leon Trotsky, Russian
foreign minister, out-maneuvered both
the central empires and the Ukrainians.
Germany's plight is indicated by the
recent order forbidding relatives to send
parcels of food to officers held prisoner
in England and France and directing
that money be sent instead.
This has resulted in cutting off the
export of thousands of parcels from
Germany weekly.
The Exchange Telegraph declares that
mail from relatives to prisoners here
totals 500,000 letters a fortnight.
Incoming letters ,it is said, reveal a
state of affairs in Germany infinitely
worse than heretofore reported.
Diseases, due to under-nourishment
are increasing, it is reported and discon
tent is evidenced among all classes.
Railway Employes Get
Compensation Benefits
Washington, Feb. 5. That employes
of the national railroad will not be
given the privilege of the federal em
ployers' compensation act was practic
ally assured today when the house in
terstate commerce committee struck
from the railroad bill the administra
tion provision extonding the act to rail
road men. The senate eommittee took
similar action last week.
A correspondent living out Rose City
Park wav complains about the street
car service on the Rose City line, and
casually mentions the Beaumont "stub"
as being unworthy of eomplaint.
m? lost
ill w Mh 1 111
life. Mkmiwm
"Be patient, Mr. President.
esentahve of racking
Combine In Senate Comes
to Bat As Scheduled
Washington, Feb. 5. "Lack of vis
ion hag stalled America's war engine"
Senator Wadsworth charged in (he sen
ate today, ' 'and a greater break down
than tho one from which we are now
suffering threatens unless somo direct
ing agency is created."
"1 entertain tho deep conviction
that the end of this war is not in
sight; that wo shall travel a long,
hard road before we reach the goal,'
ho said. "I feel certain that the strain
will grow more and uiore iivero as the
months go by.
"Americas effort must constantly
expand; we must send more and more Swift CuQany aua Wilson packing com- of the world:
troops abroad, must bmld more and pauies had comuined on meat bids for j "Dear friends: The unparalleled
more ships to carry them, must grow American military forces. This and ' struggle for democracy and permanent
more and more food to feed them and tiong of false entries in their peace which binds our nations to coop
to feed tho allies, and we must make . P oa ;n0, mi.iflti(,n tiv. ;,. i .),nr,l i, mmi nn.i
nan nf an Avpr l nt rp.a ai n tr nflrpP.nrAPfl
. - -t- t0 controi supplies of tish, vegetables, ' women aline, in the yearning or
of our mines transportation facilities l? and 0eoari ' lother beart of tho "Urld from
su, rnTrrs ... 'were called "felonies" in the warrant. 1 highest moral and spiritual welf
a auori, x am cuuviittt-u luai , .j : , , Ai. i i
i i, ti...aunij
mendous underlying. I am not satis -
fied that we have the- kind of organi -
zation and machinery that can staml
the strain "
Firing the second volley, designed
- . -
lo raite uie war aiiminisiration or oei-
retary . Baker, Wadsworth declared
that "blindness" found this Country
"pathetic in its unpre-jaredness" at
the opening of the war. Since then, he
added, "this great giant (the war ma
chine), has been stumbling, groping,
exerting his tremendous strength with
out ahvavs knowing what he was do
ing or where he was going "
He deplored the shipping situation
and declared the transportation facil
ities were hopelessly jammed and con
gested. Conditions today, he said, ore
"glaring results of the lock of cen
tralized directing authority."
Pointing out that the government
did practically nothing during the year
preceding tho entrance of the United
States into the war to prepare for the
inevitable, Wadsworth -declared:
"We were so blind aa to permit ono
of our government rifle factories to
operate much below its capacity all
through the year 1916, and ether fac
tories to cease altogether making rifle
during that period. "
"The condition of the two factories
is but one example of our neglect," he
declared. "In the broader field of in
dustrial prejiaration little if anything
of an effective nature was done.
"As we look back now we have
learned, I hope, a great lesson a les
son learned at tho expense of many
lives and millions of dollars. We have
learned that our failure to see beyond
the end of our noses has prolonged this
ghastly war and postponed tbat day
when mankind shall he released from
its terrors and the future of this re
public made absolutely sure."
Turning to the committee ' investi-
(Continued on page three)
Remember, they are
Prosecutor Armed With
Search Warrant Takes
Possession of Records
Chicago, Feb. 5. Armed with a
search warrant, Special-Counsel Francis
J. Ileney of the federal trado commis
sion today seized the Swift and Com
pany file in tiiu offices of Attorney
Henry Veeder here. Over the protests
of Veeder and other lawyers xor the
packers, Hcney and four aides accoui
pauied by Assitaut-United States Attor
ney J. A. Fleming, obtained posses
sion of evidence in the commission's
packing investigation, which Veeder had
fought to prevent.
The warrant, issued by Federal Judge
Landis today, charged that tho Armour,
vuun-B, o ITV" " " .... . .w ....
xne cnanzeg were
! f or compelling the packe rs' attorneys 1 U
1 surrender the records desired by tho
commission in its investigation,
When the protests of some of Vec-
ier's law partners become too strenuous
l fnlnMl roarulifll wild RlHu ACCOlll DSllied
a federal marshal who also accompanied
Henoy's party threatened the packers
attorneys with arrest.
Abe Martin
'NV. niatl.i how oIa Ton nrA An' how
fl n vnl.v foal M FB TTfll, 'rO FWI DTlllI1Ilti.il
uuiaueu as r caauua . cilliuruil mure is u ui-i-iivr unu
.;.! ! nrl rivin frlv. Th''i,oith . hnrltr and mind, that tiuritv
feller that says, "Of course, I may be
nuT lint" rW nnt l.pliv that thf-ri
kin be any such possibility.
all True Americans."
With Mrs. Anna Howard Shaw
She Appeals To All Em
bassies Abroad
Washington, Feb. 5. Mrs. Woodrow
Wilson, wife of the president, today
launched an international movement to
throw about the fighters in Europe and
their mothers, siBters and daughters the
highest moral influence during the
Speaking for tine mothers of America,
Mrs. Wilson dispatched the message,
jointly signed by Mrs. Anna Howard
Shaw, chairman of tho National Defense
Council, woman's committee, to all em
bassies abroad.
The message follows:
"Tn the women nf the allien nations
uv. . - -
are of
subtle bond which makes all women
"Out of the mutuar agony and lovo
of tho mothers of America this messago
was sent to the allied mothers of Eu
rope pledging our interest and our co
operation in the protection of our sons
and daughters in this time of tempta
tion and danger.
"In all our countries mothers are
winirnr and nroud tn .rive their sons tolForce in France, Feb. 4. (Delayed)
defend the ideals which underlie thisjThe American army is hungry for front and jne rign ug Attempt
supreme sacrifice which their govern-1 vengo today. The baptism of big shells behind the Sammies IpoU. Attempt
me'nt demands of them and to accept the soldiers received Saturday night after attempt ' dten beU
with fortitude and calmness their just whotted their appetites for -more, leans "Zir
deaths. But they shrink from the great- Those who were wounded in .the ar- the en em, 18 l'' -eport-er
sorrow whih comes from the lac JtiHory duo, are most "Cie.leSg'to ? American pLts.
health and manly vigor.
It is no wonder that their hearts
fail them when they realize the temp
tations which beset tlicir sons, remov
ed from home and family ties, living
the unnatural life of the camp exposed
to the excitement and fierce passions
of conflict; all of which impair their
powers to resit temptation that under
happier and more healthful circumstan
ces would easily be conquered.
"The same is true of our daughters
who are forced out of the home into
the world service with the glamour of
war and emotional phases of society
which war tends to foster and which
lead to the breaking down of restraint
that has hitherto been their safeguard.
"These abnormal conditions place up
on all women tremendous responsibility
and urge the closest union in an ef
fort to conserve the moral forces of so
ciety, to protect our young men and
women that tht'T -rnav be kept pnre and
chivalrous, so that after the conflict is
ended we may look with hope to thei
llltliril ll HTT1 D lifo nf OUT TIP fl Til fl f II T that
and nobility of individual character and
(Continued on page an)
Permanent R. R. Staff
Selected by McAdoo
Washington. Feb. . 5. Selection of
his permanent1' staff to assist him in
administering the national railroad has
been tentatively completed by Direc
tor General McAdoo.
It includes:
General assistant, Walter D. Hines,
Now York, chairman of the executive
oonrd of the Santa Fe.
Carl B. Gray, Baltimore, of the
Western Maryland railroad, in charge
of transportation.
John Barton I"aine, Chicago, gener
al counsel for the . administration.
Director of Labor W. S, Carter,
:4-and chief f Ihe Brotherhood of
Railway Firemen.
Edward Chambers, vice president of
the Santa Fe, in -charge of traffic.
Streams of Men and Women
View Body of Former
Champion at Boston
By H. O. Hamilton
(United Press staff correspondent)
Boston, Mass., Feb. 5. In - a ma
hogany casket, with wreaths of flow
ers almost completely hiding his last
couch, tho body of John . L. Sullivan,
former world's heavyweight champiin
lay in state today at the borne of his
sister, Mrs. Annie E. Lcuiion
A steady stream of men, women and
children gazed on the peaceful - fea
tures of tho old gladiator until a late
hour last night. More were present ear
ly today.
Sullivan was dressed in a full dress
suit. On tho glistening mahogany of
the casket there was a silver name
plate, bearing; onry (the inscription
"Juhn L. Sullivan."
Arrangements have not been com
pleted for the funeral. Only a few of
the men at first selected have been
aJble to attend as pall bearers and hon
orary pall bearers. Colonel Roosevelt,
invited to 'be ono of the latter, was
forced to decline. He sent a messago
from hia hnmn in Ovster Bav. -Other
honorary pall bearers will be James J.
Corbett, the man who wrested the
heavyweight title from Sullivan; Billy
Muldoon, famous as a trainer; Former
Mayor Curloy of Boston ;.Miah J. Mur
ray, Police Captain James P. Sulliva-i
and other local celebrities.
Seals Owners May Change
San Francisco, Feb. 4.--Snn Francisco
Seals may bo in the hands of new
owners before the week is out. Rumors,
which ha.ve been circulating in sport
ing circles for several weeks reached
a climax today when Henry Barry,
Seal owner, admitted that negotiations
for transfer of ownership of the Coast
lenguo franchise and club have pro
gressed favorably so far.
Berry would give no intimation as
to tho identity of tho prospective new
owner or owners.
Anotiher report is that a certain
sonthorn California sporting mnn,
whoso name has not been revealed, is
seeking to- gain control of the club.
Hoc.Viey Race Tied
Vancouver, B. C, Feb. 5 The big-
quarters filled the seven thousand ca-
(Continued on page three)
By J. W. Pegler
(United Press staff correspondent)
With the American Expeditionary
:bcen hit during the height of the en -
counter, refused to leave
nn t.hn trench firins step. Tli
there in eagcrncee, hoping the boches
would come over No Man's Land. They
remained on the firing step until cer
tain the enemy had given up all hope
of attacking.
This brand of heroism was apparent
all during the engagement. When Ger
man shells cut the communii-i"i"u
wires. American dispatch runners re
peatedly attempted to penetrate the
enemy barrage. With splendid disre
gard for their own safety, they took
their lives in their hands again and
again in their efforts, to fight their
wav through the rain of shells.
One New York Sammy was knocked
from a ration wagon by a direct hit.
His wagon was demolished, his mules
were hurt and the soldier was sent
spinning. As soon as the New Yorker
was sure he had no wounds, he round
ed mf the frantic mules and calmly
shooed them on to headquarters.
Raids are Repulsed
With the American army in France,
Feb. 4. (Delayed) Bepeated
man attempts to raid
the American
front today were defeated by crushing
Strike Movement Was Spon
taneous and Its Real
Meaning Uncertain
Heavy Penalties Are Expected
To Be InHicted Upon Lead
ers by Authorities
By Jan Bruna
(Written for the United Press)
The Hague, Fob. 5. Germany's first
political strike was waning today. .
It reached its highest point of demor
alization of German industry last Fri
day, according, to very reliable infor
mation received here. On that date tea
per cunt of all workers in manufactor
ies were out.
The future effect of the strike is pro
blematical. It is certain, however, that
the tieup created intense bitterness be
tween the laboring classes and tho so
called "middle class" in Germany. Tha
strikers' demands for food were roceiv
cd with indignation by other classes.
Everybody knows in Germany the labor
ers' rations are much better than thosa
which the average middle class salar
ied man can afford. The food in factor
ies cannot be bought by the man of
average means. His salary has not in
creased anywhere near the rate that
the workers has advanced. From care
fully compiled information reaching
hero, the main centers of the strata
j ""run ana namourg. ii..
I ago or worKers uut vub iuut mguvt
than in Silesit and Saxony, where most
of the employes were working. In the
Khineland ' aurrounding Saarbruckeo
only part of tho miners were out. No
important engineers' organizations join
ed tho movement. From authoritative
reports it was learned that the indepen
dent socialists of the central empires
had Intended to strike simultaneously
in Austria and in Germany, under a sort
of I. W. W. leadership. But the careful
telegraphic censorship of Austria pre
vented dispatch of a password.
From the explanation of the social
democratic party and trades union lead
ers, the Germnn strike "t roko out spon
taneously." Probably this means that
the leaders abandoned tho idea of a
joint Auotro-Gcrman strike after failure
of tho Austrian strike. It appeared they
desired to wait a more favorable move
ment. But when the "spontaneous out
break" did come tho adherents of
Philip Scheidemann, majority socialist
leader, feared that the minority social
ist pnrty, under Dr. Haase which was
supporting the strike, might gain too
Htroni? a hold on tho workers. Scheide-
man and his associates, thorefore, open-
assumed a share of the responsibility
(Continued on page two-)
.barrages from the Yankee artillery.
The Germans are willing to pay heav
jn mcn and material for infonna-
'. . .U- ..:.i.l. 9 .kit A mnn.
turn rogaru.ug "" "":
1 varying in
size from a
tiny listening
theirplaees'post occupied by two or three Sammies
hev waited to the wide sector in front of which
Saturday night's bocne anaca u
down before the Germans could get
rver their own top.
Every enemy activity called down
upon the heads of the boches another
crushing American barrage. It is not
nositive that a strong German attack
was planned. If it was, the United
States eannon hurline a curtain of
flame and steel prevented geiu.s
under way.
Tha enemr replied to every Ameri
can . artillery deluge, augmenting his
cannonading with pirn-apple bombs,
trench bombs and hand grenades.
These outbursts of cannonading ana
bomb throwing were violently noisy,
but only mildlv dangerous, judging
from the fact that no casualties wer
i f n g (1
German machine guns frequently
have sent over bullet barrages, appar
ently trying to sweep the communica
tion roads, over which food and sup
plies are brought up to the American
bov9 in the trenches. When these bar
rages were turned loose thousands O-
(Centinusd on page tire)