Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 6, 1917)
,000 EEADEE8) DATTiY.
only Olrculatloa. In Salem guar
anteed by the Audit Bare af
FULL LEASED WIRE
BPEOIAIi WILLAMETTE VAL
ON TBAINS AH WTW9
STANDS mm OKNT8.
FORTIETH YEAR NO. 212
SALEM, OREGON, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1917
PRICE TWO CENTS
mm mmmjmmm.Mm mm
ON MIEN FRONT
Greatest Concentration of Ar
tillery, Airplanes and Men
I Italians Have Had
ALLIES WARSHIPS HEP
MONITORS SHELL POLA
700 More Prisoners Taken
Bring Total Since Drive
Began to 37,000
5 sjc sj"! ife sfc sjc sflc sjc sfc sfc sfc sfc
CHINESE TO THE FRONT
San Francisco, Sept. 0. Fif
teen thousand picked Chinese
troops have been mobilized for
transfer through Siberia to the
Russian battle front, there to
help the Russians stein the Ger
man tide, according to heavily
co'nsored dispatches received
by the Chinese Daily World
from its Shanghai correspond
ent. According to the dispatch
made public today the troops
include many engineers educat
ed in American universities-
London, Sept. 6. Italy resumed her
offensive on the Julian front today,
while redoubling her drive toward
Trieste and Laibueh. Borne dispatches
detailed the greatest concentration of
men, artillery and airplanes on tho
Italian side that this front has ever
seen. Official statements mentioned
216 Italian planes as having partici
pated in the. fighting. British and
'.French field artillery is aiding in the
land fighting and in the Gulf of Tries
te, British and French warships are co
operating with Italian monitors in
shelling Pola, Austria's great Adriatic
fioine estimates today figure that
since August 19, when General Cadorua
started his present drive, at least thir
ty seven thousand Austrians have been
The main fighting todny was south
of Ocroglo, on the Bainsizza plateau
and between Brestovizza valley and
7C0 More Prisoners .
Rome, Sept" 6 Cnpture of moro than
70(i additional prisoners in tho contin
ued Italian advance was reported by
the war office today.
. ' v.ontimiing the struggle around
Gorizia. we took more than 52(i pris
oners." the statement said. "On the
Oarso front, repented enemv attacks
were broken up, 200 being captured-'
Heavy Artillery Fire
Paris, Sept. 6. Violent artillery fire
on almost the whole of the French
front was reported in today's official
d Cernv (Chcmin Pes
Dames)" the statement- said, "artil
lery fire was violent- North of Rheims,
French raids penetrated the enemy
" Tn Chnninasne there was a violent
l,n,il-.f.lment mi both sides, the French
artillery dominating and preventing
"O'n both banks of the Meuse, gun
fire was also heavy."
Germans Take Many
Be-lin, via London. Sept. 6. Cap
ture of 120 Russian ofi'icers, 7500 men,
(Continued on Page Two.)
Ther haint ranch t' a dime's worth o'
liver these days after yon subtract th'
butcher's an. If at first you don't like
suecotash, try, try again.
Salem Firm Wants
Just to find out exl
t on the wheat "t, sition, the
of 1). A. White a irons today
sent eight samples of
, ?t to the
Pusblic Service CommiBsii spection
department of Portland.
After these samples are r 1 ?d and
grades established, Mr. Whix2's the
firm wijl be in position to ' the
farmers the price ostablisbet the
Another question to be dec v is
whether prices are to be made in bulk
or sacked wheat. Also the fact tJiat the
Salem priee has generally been ten
cents a bushel under Portland, due to
freight charges, warehousing, cleaning,
handling, and the two cents a bushel
allowed the commission man for handl
ing. Now that Portland has been made 0
primary market, the feeling among
grain buyers is that within a few days
as soon as the graces are established,
the farmer may bring in his wheat and
receive the price established by the
ALL RIVER BOATS WILL
TIE UP SEPTEMBER 19
Locks WI Close On That Date
for Two MonthsAnd at
the Busiest Season
Just at the time of year when the
farmers living along the rifer between
Salem and Portland require river ser
vice for their grain crops and all fruits
the boats will be taken off the river.
After a delav of several weeks, the
war department has decided to begin
tho work of deepening lock No. 1, at
Oregon Citv and the work will begin
September 19 This will of course ne
cessitate the taking from river traffic
of the boats of the Oregon City Trans
portation company. j
It was thought at one time that the
company could arrange to use two boats
in the service during the time the locks
were closed, but the expense of hand
ling one boat below tne iocks ana an
other above and the transfer charges
were o great that it was deemed to
take the boats off during the time for
repairs, extending for six weeks or two
months after the closing of the locks
The objection of the Transportation
company to the work being done just
at present is due to the fact that for
the two months of the fall when the
locks are to be closed, the company does
by far the biggest business of the year.
During the months of June and July,
boats are maintained in service at a
loss, according to a statement of an of-
(Continued on page seven.)
Bread Is Sold For Less In
England Than In America
By Lowell Mellett
(United Press staff correspondent)
London, Sept. 6. Although)- depend
ent upon the United States for wheat,
the people of England- are paying less
for their bread and flour than are Am
ericans. Government control and government
bakers can make a reasonable
profit, was the explanation given tne
United Press by Lord kiioihhiu, iuuu
controller ot the empire, to.iay.
From September li, England expects
to spend $20tU0(),UOO annually to keep
bread and flour prices reasonable.
'The British government has con
trolled the entire "imported wheat trade
since last October," Lord Riiondd
said, "and since that time has sold it
practically at cost, representing the
price as "averaged over purchases dur
ing the last eleven months. That price
is considerably lower than the present
Bought at $1.85
"At art from the normal peace time
difference in prices between England
and America, this probably explains
why it is that bread and Hour are sold
here at lower prices than in the Unit
"I understand wheat has not yet
been purchased on the American gov
ernment's account, therefore, Ameri
can bread doubtless is selling at priee
corresponding with the present wheat
niintations. When the British wheat
commission commenced operations this
price was $1.85 a bushel- Today it is
' ' We have practically come to an end
of the benefits derived from large gov
ernment advance purchases in the past,
with the result that the state now steps
in to provide bread at a price within
the means of our poorer classes.
Government Pays Subsidy
"Thi state aid takes the form of
siitii.1v A. result, we will supply
our millers at a price enabling them to
provide the baker, after September 17,
with floor from which a four pound
loaf can be made and sold over the
'.ceunter for a miximum price of 18
rents and the baker will still make a
From other sources in the food con-
. 1 J . ,.... i vaa nitimatAil
.that the government subsidy mentioned!
bv Lord Kaondda to preserve oreaaj
BOB LA FOLLETTE
"BILL" STONE AND
Charles E. Russell Says The;
and Such As They Caused
W0RX HELPS KAISER TO
Russell Attending Alliance
Meeting Was Member of
Minneapolis, Minn., Sept. 0. "Riga
was not captured by Germany. Riga was
captured by Robert M. LaFollette, Bill
Stone and Senator Gronna. They cap
tured Riga. If Petrograd is captured, it
will be bv LaFollette, Gronna, Stone
and pro-German mayors, who lend their
assistance to anti-American move
ments. ' '
So declared Charles Edward Russell
member of the: Root commission to Rus
sia, on his arrival here today to attend
the convention of the American
linnc.fi of Labor and Democracy.
Russell said the taking of Riga was
not. inmortant. except as an indication
of the extent to which the Russian peo
pie are being weakened..
"Uan doesn't amount to anything,'
he said. "Wo all knew perfectly well
before we left Russia that Riga was
entirely likely to be taken. Riga is not
the question. The great question is
whether the German offensive is going
to be stopped.
Earned Kaiser ' Decorations.
"When the kaiser gives decorations
for the capture of Riga, he should not
forget LaFollette, Gronna and Stone.
They are working to strengthen the
cause of Gennany, prolong the war, and
slaughter Americans. In this respect
they are doing more than all Germany
put together they and the People s
Council. . ,
"The interest of tho Russian people
in this war has been steadily undermin
ed by the disloyal utterances of cop
perheads in the United States senate
and house of representatives. Conse
quently the Russian Hue is steadily be
ing weakened. Every disloyal word ut
tered in congress, every disloyal resolu-
(Continued on Page Two.)
and flour prices will total $200,000,-
000 a vear. Other maximum pvices tix
ed, as eneetivo aner urini-uiuv.
One pound loal, rive cents,
nnimds. nine cents. These prices are an
average reduction of 25 per cent over
First Thins Done
Was to lake a Bath
(By George Martin)
CTTnited Press Staff Correspondent)
Washington, Sept. 0: With the first
34 350 draft rookies in or nearing the
i-mintrv's sixteen cantonment training
camps today, the task of making them
over into fighting men began.
The first thing every recruit did on
reaching camp today was to take a
bath. From the bathhouses one by one
the boys were taken before medical ex
aminers of the regular army. As a re
sult of this final and most rigid phy
sical test, many of the boys who closed
the door on civilian life and left lone
ly mothers, wives or sweethearts inside
less than 3(3 hours ago will be back
home tomorrow, maybe tonight.
Those who pass the physical test will
be vaccinated for typhoid, para-typhoid
and small pox. Recommendations will
then be made to company commanders
for special exercises for each individual
to correct any slight physical defects.
The first two weeks of training will be
occupied almost entirely with these
special exercises, light setting up drills
and physical schooling of the youfig soldiers-to-be.
During the second two weeks regular
training will begin. The rigorous work
will be increased gradually. The divis
ion surgeon and his assistants will keep
a watchful eve on the general physical
condition of aU the men. Thorough in
struction in personal hygiene, sanita
tion and firjt aid will be given them
during the first two weeks.
These boys in short, will be put into
h best nhvsieal condition they ever
were in in their lives. Should anything
were in in tneir lives, onoum uu.f
intervene to keep the-.from
aneaa xowaru h !i-" -
(CoDtinned on paga seven.)
Because Frost Failed : I
Corn Prices Dropped
Chicago, Sept. 6. The expected frost
did not appear in the corn belt last
night, so traders who had loaded up
in anticipation began selling today,
with the result that prices were half to
one cent under yesterday's close.
December corn opened 5-8 down ana
later lost 3-8 to $1,12. May opened 1-4
lower, at $1.08 1-4, later going to fl.UB.
Longs sold oats, sending that grain
down 1-4 to 1-2. September opened at
56 1-4, off 1-4, continuing at that fig
ure. December opened at 55 1-4 and la
ter went to 55 1-8, off 1-B from yester
day 's close. May opened down 1-4 at
5a' 1-2, later losing 1-8.
Provisions were a shade higher des
pite a slow and lower hog market.
In Schools Where It Is Taught
Pupils Refuse to Continue
New York, Sept. 6. The kaiser 's lan
guage w-ill fight a losing battle with
America's school boys and girls when
the fall terms open this month. Reports
from all parti of the east and the mid
dle west to the United Press today
almwerl that, while school boards are
not eliminating German from the lan
guage courses, the interest of young
America is rapidly dwindling.
"Why should we drop German! " said
a New York school official when asked
if changes here were contemplated. "It
seems to me we should study it more
than ever. Our boys will need it when
they march down Unter Den Linden.
The Chicago board said there were
early indications of a big decrease in
the high school demand for German. The
domand may be so small that the Teu
ton language will be dropped alto
Students in Shamokin, Pa., voted not
- tw r-.ovninn. Tn the Harrisburg, Pa.
SCllOOl, 10 pupils Biuuj
w i, o,t otn-lit fierman. Tins appears
a fair criterion of-,'nditions in that
x,... . i..i...i;. .t " Pmmsvlvania-1
state, iimiuuiug "v . i
In Columbus, Ohio, the enrollment
for German study has decreased sixty
per cent and it may be abandoned for
lack of interest. In Kansas City the
course is to be continued, but author
ities are considering deleting all school
Indiana colleges will maintain German
but will extend the study of French. In
Des Moines, Iowa, all Oorman stories
praising the kaiser were deleted. The
literatures of Schiller and Goethe, how
over, will stand. Milwaukee is keeping
German, but it is not -compulsory and
students must buy their own text books.
The Case School oi Appnea
Cleveland, will discontinue German dur
ing the war, substituting French. Cleve
land and Youngstown grammar schools
will continue existing classes, but elim
inate them as rapidly as possible. Ger
man still hangs on in Detroit, but many
smaller Michigan cities have abandoned
Barge On Which 290 Were
Crossing Gulf of California
Sunk by Storm
Los Angeles, cZ"5cPt. 6.-T,at an
entire troop 'of Mexnaa -W' 2-
men and their i.-ouWe and eqmpine.it
-vrs wiped oir. when a seasonal sqnal;
stria U1..I fillet
bein'r used to tow tho soldiers from
Point Isabella to LaBolsa, was the pn-va-e
information brought here early
today from below the border.
Se'ting out on the cratt to cross the
gulf in the wake of a small govern
ment tug, the men were soon swallow
ed up in the wtyjr:;, ::.
ed LatJolsa ami tne "' - : -
ma, reported their death by d"
it is said. The squall came almost with
out warning and with unusual sever-
f. hnincr disnntched to
A no mm " r ..I ,
..ij-.o tho (tnrrison at laliolsa, at
',.'. orders. This is in keeping
with the rumor of an imminent break
b-tween Carranza and Governor Lsta
bnn (. ;mtu of Lower California.
BOY SCO JTS GATHER BOOKS.
Bo v Scouts are making themselves
oi.llectinir books for the
city public 'library which are to be sent
f JL.i.ii.v,,l library units to the sol
diers on the Pacific coast and later tp
other eamps. It seems that a number
: t th cflst-awavs, but
utizens were iimic
standard works, and that the boy scouts
volunteered their services in collect
ing. Those who have loads too h.-av
for the boys to handle will be taken
care of by Charles Qaquet, who has of
. j ki with his transfer service.
inou r - , )eep
in--- , , - :.fi
frith the other cities of the state in its
ARRESTED LW J.
Tons of Papers and Corre
spondence Seized Showing
GERMANY HAS RELIED ON
SUBJECTS OF .HER ALLIES
To Foster Plots Against Coun
try Haywood May Be
Chicago, Sept. 6. The socialist party
is helping to investigate itself.
This announcement was made today
by Seymour Stedman, general attorney
of the national organization.
"There are legal means by which we
could seek to obstruct tho work of gov
ernment agents in the present investi
gation," said Stedman. "But we intend
to do everything possible to expedito
"We wish to convince the govern
ment, onee and for all, that the social
ists are doing nothing seditious or trea
The federal grand jury was today go
ing over the huge bundles of literature
and data confiscated in yesterday a
raids on socialist and I. W. W. head
quarters and the home of several I. W.
The grand jury 's work was being di
rected by Oliver pagan, leciorai liiaici'
ment expert Rnd Charles Clyno, United
States district attorney.
Frank Dailey, special United States
district attorney of Indianapolis who
conducted the trial of labor dynamiters
in that city, was hero but his move
ments were shrouded in secrecy,
Government operatives, under the pet
. - , L . v.
sounl learterslup or ninton w. muKugu,
chief investigator for the justice depart
ment in this district, today resumed
their search of socialist and I. W. W.
headquarters for further evidence of al
leged anti-government propaganda.
Mayor Thompson Disappears.
The exact nnturo of the evidence
gathered yesterday and today was not
revealed, but it was known to include
anti-draft and anti-war pamphlets end
"stickers", books on sabotago and kin
dred I. W. W. literature and official or
gans of both the I. W. W. and social-
"Tlm American Socialist," official
weekly of the party, will not appeal aB
usual "tomorrow, as government agents,
it won learned today, destroyed the
Tho orentest interest was shown in a
black bag Beized at the home of William
Haywood, international secretary of the
I. W. W. It was said to contain letters
and telegrams giving an unusually clear
record of practically every big I. W. W.
move in the country in the last few
months. ' 1
Mayor Thompson, who disappeared
vestenlav while en route with a party
of friends to the county fair at Kanka
kee 111., had rot been found up to noon
today. He was not at home in LaKO
Forest. It was surmised that the mayor
was fishing again "somewhere m me
To Elliminato I. W. W.
Washington. Sept. . The govern
ment proposes to eliminate I. W. W.
and other anti-American activities from
the nation's political and industrial
t ti,; on.l imvornment investigators
throughout the country today examined
the 1. W. W. and socialist documents,
gleaned in yesterday's swoop on many
These papers will reveal a startling
program to hamper America's work thru
svndicatism. Further, tney may ,""
tiiat German or Austrian money is n-l
nancing the troubles of recent weekB
I yv'. W. strikes, riots and intrigues.
Evidence already in the department
of justice shows that the I. W. W. ac
tivities have embarrassed industries,
particularly the western mines, produc
ing war material. This evidence shows,
too, that the I.W.W. proposed to spread
its doctrine of violence all over the
land. j.oreigner9 Responsible.
The Patriotic Education Society to
day charged directly that Austrians and
Bulgarians are responsible for the dis
orders, acting for the German seeret
service. The extent of I. W. W. plan,
is indicated by the openly expressed
fear that they might try to capture the
Minneapolis "session of the American
Alliance for Labor and Democracy, and
distort its deliberations into I. W. w.
,i,iarii;nn of war. the
German secret service has relied less up
on her own subjects and more upon
the subjects of her allies in America,
the Patriotic Education Society de
clares "Austrians and Bulgars have
been found in numerous plots against
this country. This is particularly true
-m it., i w W through which organ-
i4! i..n and Bulgars have
i2Mtiiuu - . : , . ..
been as conspicuous as possible in stir
(Oontintwd aa paf Hx.)
My Word! What a Noise.
London. Aug 15. (By Mail) Here
is the Londoners conception of America
as set forth in one of the newspapers.
It is submitted without comment.
"Everybody who has ever been to
America knows that delectable laud to
be the noisiest, most uproarious and
clamorous spot in the whole universe. It
is a country of hustle and bustle and
confusion, a land of sickening thuds, of
banging streetcars and ear-splitting
over-head railways, of clanging bells
and brokers shrieking through their no
ses. If the lynch-pin dropped out or
the cosmic system and the stars came
tumbling about us, they wouldn't hear
it in Now York."
DOING GREAT WOR!
Raoul Lufberry Brought
Down Twelfth German
Paris, Sept fl. Lieutenant Rnuol Luf
berry, premier "ace" of the Lafayette
oseadrille, brought down his twelfth
German plane Tuesday and would liavt
made his scoro thirteen that same day
if he hadn't run out of ammunition.
Dispatches today brought details of
tho American boy's seven fights in two
davs. Monday "he downed an enemy in
a "stiff brush, one of five different
fights. Tuesday he encountered a Ger
man flyer and shot the gunner dead.
Then ho ran out of ammunition. 8er
geaut Edwin C. Parsons, (of Spring
field, Mass.) came along and shot the
German pilot, downing the machine.
. Tuesday afternoon Lufberry encoun
tered another enemy plane and brought
it down. His own plane was three timet
pierced by his opponent.
Inclemency of the weather last weeli
forced idleness for the Americans. But
clearing skies early this week brought
renewed activity. Lufberry and Ser
geant Walter Lovell of Concord, Mass.
were in the thick of it. Lovell fought
four battles on Monday alone.
ti,o first mixuo was acain two en
emy planes and both were driven home
T.nfhorrv'ii machine had been per
(nwutoA bv inl'endiarv bullets. He land
ed with one flaming missle still in his
Lufberry next encountered one Ger
man. In the fight he believes he down
ed tho enemy. French official reports
have not confirmed this.
The tird encounter was when Lovell
and Lufberry attacked a German plane
and forced the enemy to scurry back,
while four rescuers were winging to
his aid. The two Americans fought their
remaining battles against German ma
chines endeavoring to protect enemy
observation planes. .
German aviators have been tlunck
aWg the line where the Lafayette es
eadrille is now located. The German
planes come in droves, with reinforce
ments close behind.
Many Business Men and Civil
ians Failed to Start In Time
(By William G. Shepherd)
Tiii tod Press Stuff Correspondent)
Pftroirrnil. Sent. fi.Tlioiisaiids of
T?uiHM civilians waited too long before
obeying orders to flee from Hign. They
were captured by the invading Ger
mans. Refugees from the Bnltic city arnv-
: in(, t
mlay included some whii w.-n-
d the Inst train to leave, iihum u-
iately after thev pulleu out, mine ot--eral'trainloads'of
others were assein-
, j,!,,, the Ger
j roa,i from th
mans cut across the rnii
east. All remaining m
the city were bottled up.
As far as could be ascertained irom
the American embassy, no Amm
were in Riga when the l.ermaus occu
pied the city. ,
ISext to niga, i"" pui..... -
centered today in the active pursuit
by the government of plotters in the
rovalist counter revolution conspiracy.
Scores of arrests throughout an oi
... were reported. Official announce
ment declared that the government was
full possession ot an acinus
The prisoners aireauy uum.-i ........
of those who in the oui aays
autocratic power of life and death. Sev
eral members of the royal family have
been arrested. General Gurko, who
switched allegiance from the old regime
i t..r a titno was a popular hero, fell
in the undermining of the plot. With his
rife, the former army rnier was
rA under escort to the frontier,
there to be expelled from Bussia. I
Careful investigation was urr.ig
today of the astonishing rise in uie
ue of the rouble immediately oeiore n.
Mosfow conference and its correspond
ingly amazing drop after the meeting.
The" fluctuation was attributed to many
financiers having an inkling of the
.nnnlor revolutionary plot to seize Ker-
..n.v ,! hi ministers at Moscow.
u.nv mnniniilators. it was beli
gambled heavily on the success of the
100 LONG AT RIGA
AMERICA IS DONE
WITH PEACE TALK
Will Not Consider Peace Until
Germany Meets America's
GERMANY EXPECTED TO
MAKE NEW PROPOSAL
Premier Ribot of France, Ex
presses Same Views As
Washington, Sept. 6. lae UniteJ
States government is done with peace
talk and through until such time aa
Gennany meets American requirements
lor ending the war.
The state department made this clear
today. A high official expressed him
self 'forcibly as displeased at continu
ance of peace speculation, adding he
believed the press ought to talk war
and the people boost war at this time.
As part of its program, me state ao-
nartmcnt opened its first official dis
cussion with the Japanese mission to-
lay, concerning greater cooperation De-
tween the two nations.
Japan will probably offer assistance
in ship construction if the UniteJ
States will modify its 'steel embargo.
Japan may propose that her army
take a hand along the east front to
roll back the Teutons pressing on Rus
sia. Still further evidence of the war
business on hand came in an officii;
intimation that if Holland yicldod t-
Gennany's pressure for use of Antwerp
as a naval base, tne united mates ana
the allies would regard the waters ther
as belligerent and take forceful actios.
to thwart Gormany 's move.
The nuestion of further war aid foe
Italy is stilt open, apparently, and tht
government indicated that for the pres
ent it will maintain its aid to Italy
on tho same level as recently.
Will Make New proposal
Washington, Sept. 6. Germany soon
will make another peace proposal, dip
lomats in touch with foreign affaira
declared today. And it will be a pro
posal in its outlines by the more radic
al of Gorman reichstag elomerits-
The Erzberger-Scheidemann group la
taking advantage of President Wilsona
peace views and internal reform idea
to further its plans.
German military mechanics are presa
east front activities, along wim
sea and air horrors, in an effort
to offset with "fresh victories" in
creasing activity of liberals.
Some diplomats declared the propos
ed Erzberger-Scheidemann efforts wiB
overthrow the bureaucratic plans or
Miohnelis and put Germany all along
the way of democratization.
This government has let it be know
officiary that what it wants of Ger
many is a change in the conscience ar.;8
character of its institutions. While it
does not insist that the kaiser shal
abdicate, it does insist there shall be
no peace conference until the kaiser
power has been effectively cut off ami
until the German government is syn
onvmons with the German people. Pop
ular voting and direct responsibility of
the government machine to the people
are considered as steps necessary.
While tho general view is that Buch a
reform in Germany would quickly act
... trt f.i.n.-e iiciroitations, some offi-
,.;,.! ,1e,-lnre that the military situa
tion might be such as to make contin
ued fighting imperative ror a umi
Must be New Germany
Fere Champiouse, France, Sept. 6.
"France insists that Alsace-Lorraine
is not a subject for diplomatic discus
sion," declared Premier Kibot today
speaking at a celebration on the bat
tie field of the Marne.
"France's only claims are in the
character of reparation" ......
Kibot 's speech was the first ofneiat
utterance of Frame's position in re
ply to Pope Benedict. It was dcliverc
at a celebration at once solemn ani
jubilant, of the anniversary of the day
when France's soldiers ot democracy
turned back the Prussian wave a
scant 25 miles from the capital.
Fere Champenoise is a little yiltaga
(Continued on page seven.
and Friday fair
cooler to n i g h t ,