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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 5, 1917)
FULL LEASED VIRE
CACOO EEADEKS) DAILY.
Only nirculatloa in Salem guar
knteod by th Andit Brea of
SPECIAL WILLAMETTE al
ley raws slekvigs -1
PRICE TWO CENTS J33l
FORTIETH YEAE NO. 211
SALEM, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1917
W fflliiaiStiilJi JMEEffl
AND HELD GROUND
Leaders Say Line Will Be
- Shortened Optimistic View
Taken of Situation
MONTE SAN GABRIEL IS
CAPTURED BY ITALIANS
Two Bavarian Divisions Sent
to Aid Austria After
London, Sept. 5. Germany is prepar
ing auotuer "strategic retreat" in
iiamlers, according to reports by allied
The new "retreat to prepared posi
tions'', as the German jniutarj scutf
will probably announce it, will clear
western Flanders east of Ypres and Dix
luude as far as the line between Cour
tiai and Thourout. If it is carried out
in its entirety, it will release almost
square miles of Belgium from the
invader's grip. .
Military experts here, basing their
views on certain engineering works re
ported under const ruction behind the
Gorman lines, today suggested that the
Germans wore preparing to open the
canals, dykes and rivers in all this ter
ritory, flooding it to impede the British
progress after the retreat. A large en
gineering operation of this character
might shift a deluge of water as far as
the present British lines from Dixmude
to i'pres to Warneton. All of this
ground is fiat and practically at sea
level. Mauv trenches are below sea
On the Italian front, General Cador-i
na's troops were reported to have taken
Monte San Gabriel.
l'etrograd, taking issue with Berlin,
declared vigorous opposition to the Teu
tonic offensive north of Biga was slow
ing up the German drive.
Monte San Gabriel's capture was re
garded as particularly gratifying news
iiere. The peak is the last of the great
natural promontories which, with Cucoc,
Vodice and Monte Santo, guarded the
western rim of the Bninsizza pleateau.
Swiss dispatches today declared in
answer to frantic pleas of the Austrian
staff, Germany had dispatched two Ba
varian divisions to reinforce tho Aus
trians. Women Fought eroically.
Petrograd, Sept. 3. How the "bat -talliou
of death" (Russia's fighting
women soldiers) threw back German as
saults over a frout of a fifth of a mile
out of Riga and inspired their comrades
to hold firm against further advances,
was told in front dispatches received
The Battalion of Death made its
lieroic stand at a critical moment in the
batt'.e, when pursuing German forces
hud advanced to the point where they
seriously menaced the line. It resisted
the shock of the enemy assault and then
drove the Germans back.
"Exceptional valor" was credited to
the Battalion of Death and other Rus
sian units today in semi-official dis
patches. At several points their bay-
nets stood firm and hack assaulting
waves to pieces.
All efforts of the Russian command
todav were directed toward the possibil
ity if extricating Russian troops in the
trap northwest of Riga into which they
(Continued on Page Two.)
"Plowin' up circus lots an' plantin'
'em in p'taters strikes me as carryin'
our patriotism a trifle too fer," said
little Artie Pash, t'day. Mrs. Tilford
Moot's niece has three children two
guin' t' school an' one t' th' dentists.
SEVEN SONS IN AEMY.
Boston, Mass., Sept. 5. Seven
sons to fight for Uncle Sain is
the patriotic reeord of Mr. and
Mrs. John B. Pavton, of Wake
field. In addition to this Mrs. Pay
ton wvH like to be a Ked Cross
nurs 3 d an eighth son prob
ably S 0 enlist, she said today.
8i:tj,r the sons are already
in so O and another will go
in thp, 1 ft army.
9 i BANNER COUNTY
Or. Sept. 5.-
claims to be the banner county
of the Pacific coast.
That county raised its draft
quota of 37 men without one dis
charge, one exemption claim or
Railways Prompt Surrender
to Strikers Causes Strikes
In All Sections
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Buenos Aires, Sept. 5. All Argentine
faced utter paralysis of industry today
in strikes. The prompt surrender to
strikers' demands made by the Central
Argentine railways recently has resulted-
in encouraging laborers in many in
dustries throughout the country to at
tempt an improvement in their deplor
able conditions as to wages and hours of
The government has dispatched two
shiploads of marines and DluejacKcts to
Avellaneda to reinforce guards protect
ing the feed tunnels supplying Buenos
Aires with electricity. The same circuits
gave current to the city's street rail
way system, on which a strike has al
ready forced withdrawal of half the
Four hundred naval stokers are oper
atine the electric light plant itself, ow
ing to sympathetic strike of firemen
Other trades in which strikes are
either on, or about to be declared to
dav. included bakers, marketmen, car
penters, millwrights and news vendors.
In many instances they are nation wide
movements, Employes of the Buenos
Aires. Pacific and Central Cordoba rail
ways today joined in the general threat
of a strike. Such a move would tie up
the trans-Andean route. The employes
of the Central Argentine railways who
returned to frork, were reported ready
to go out again on a sympathetic strike.
The railroads were reported commu
inir for the purpose of asking British
and American ambassadors to bring
pressure on tho Argentine government
for their protection, jiuen xoreigu cup
itnl is represented in the railways. The
companies have already made advance
rt.miniiils for 1 rotcction of their proper
ty of the governors of the provinces of
Santa r e, Loraoua, jsueuos Aires, o
Luis and Mendoza.
Rnnrk Stolen at
War's Start Found
London, August 12. (By Mail)
They have tounu ine missing i.unus
u ii... iA.,.T;,iv,;.i.r nf thp ivnr n Britisl
H llll. - -----
printing plant near Paris was comman
deered bv the .French government ioi
use as a hospital. The firm left a num
ber of bonds, not completely printed, in
..... 1 l.-.l T-1 ..1. ..r.l
the oitice sate, A wouuueu iu-i;u
dier stole them.
Tl, 17i.w.lt anlrlinr WflS killed 111 bat
tie. A German soldier found the bonds
under the dead man's coat and plu.-ea
unn. Ilia nn-n.
The German soldier was kill.'l ind a
French artillery se-geant found the
1. 1., 'Cl.n cir.Tt.mit- eni 1 thenl to a
IIHUUB. Aiit. av.gvM..
comrade for a few francs. The co.niede
presented them to his bank tor pa-
Tl,n r-uhior nniil him the mOllCV.
lilt m. jui i.....- i
Later the bank discovered the jonds
rere- not numbered and otherwise in
complete. They started an invest; jatim
and their deJietivcs met the detectives
of the printing firm half way .i.i their
respective uams, ti""iuti -
WILL MEET IN SEATTLE
Portland, Or., Sept. 5. Seattle was
designated as the next concuuo t.i.r
and Vancouver, B. C, tentatively se
i.,i fn- luift hv the Northwest Li
brary association which is in session
tv. r rTUaer nf Taeoma. was elect
ed president of the association. Miss
Elizabeth Purrington of Portland, is
secretary, and thanes torapion, cmi
The librarian went over the Colum-
- cu-or Hiohwar this morning, ine
convention ends tnis anernoon.
AWfiTTrm A TITO VICTIM
Portland, Or.. Sept. 5. The body of
F. S. Richardson, automobile tire sales
man, killed late yesterday! when his
machine turned over at an "elbow"
crrve near Roseburg, Or., reached Port
ALLIES REM A KING
MAP OF EUROPE
RATHER TOO S00
In Order to Force Austria to
Seek Peace May Begin
UNITED STATES URGED
TO DECLARE WAR ON HER
Idea Running Through Rear
rangement Is to Let People
Decide for Themselves
(By Carl D. Groat)
(United Piess Staff Correspondent)
aWshington, Sept. 5. To offset the
menacing possibilities in the Russian
situation and to force Germany into
peace more rapidly, tho allies probably
win soon undertake a new anti-Aus-Irian
(strong pressure is being exerted on
this government to doclare war against
Austria ana then to aid in downing her.
so that Germany would be without Tier
aid and cut off Turkey and Bulgaria.
Thus far, American officials, including
Secretary Lansing, have seen the rather
imminent possibility of war between
Austria and the United States, though
they have inclined to let Austria take
Just what form the new anti-Austrian
activities may take is shielded as a mil
itary secret, though apparently it will
come by way of Italy or through more
forceful tactics in the Near East.
Meantime, allied diplomats are look
ing forward to post bellum territorial
lines. They declaro that German autoc
racy must be wiped out and that na
tions must be allowed to develop along
tree lines, without the threat of Prus
sianism upon them.
The Proposed Map.
This is how some allied diplomats
the French and British decline to dis
cuss the question would readjust the
European map, according to reports
Restoration of Belgium, Montenegro,
Serbia and Rumania.
France to have Alsace Lorraine, a
part or the German colonies and a
French protectorate over Syria.
England to retain most of the Ger
man colonies without paying for them
(Continued mi Page Two.)
Grandmother of Revolution
Says Only United States
By William G. Shepherd
(United Press slaff correspondent)
l'etrograd, Sept. 5. "The best way
for the United States to help save Rus
sia is to whip Germany as soon a3
possible," Bressko Borseokovskaia
grandmother of the revolution, told the
United Press today. This woman who
dreamed for years of the Romanoff's
dethronement and the joyous free Rus
sia which would be born with the
czar's exile, now sees her countrymen
bitterly disappointed, sees their armies
crumbling before enemy assaults be
fore, and treason in the rear, and looks
to the United States for help in Rus
sia's darkest hour.
"Millions of Russians who expected
the milleniuni to follow the revolution,
now find food, money and clothes as
hard to get as ever," she said.
"Even the great leaders of the peo
ple find their stout hearts strained.
When 1 was a prisoner in a fortress,
under the czar, I used to be so sure the
revolution was coming. I spent my time
dreaming not about the revolution
but of what would follow. 1 saw music,
art and the gentleness of civilization
descending upon our masses, upraising
Leaders Work Heroically
"But today 1 am heart sick at what
is hannening. "
What Russia needs from America
more than railroads or anything else
is an unprecedented, victorious war
fare, very, very soon, the grandmother
of the revolt declared. This, she said,
is the cry of the Russians who under
stand the situation. They are strug
gling with their own army almost as
desperately as the British and French
on the western front arc struggling
with their enemies. A few brave lead-
AND IT HAD.
London, Aug. 25. (By Mail)
Said an American soldier to
a London bar maid:
"This beer's a little flat."
Said the bar maid to the Am
erican soldier: "It's been wait
ing three years for you."
3C 3C 3f 3C sfC 'l SC SC SjC 3(C
RACING AGAINST THIRST
New York, Sept. 5. Some
where on the Atlantic today a
Scotch whiskey steamer is run
ning a race against thirst. Im
portation of foreign liquors ends
at midnight Sunday, under the '
law, and there is little Scotch
left. If the cargo now on the
high seas fails to arrive ou time,
a Scotch whiskey famine will
arrive in its stead.
The last big consignment of
"barley bree" from Scotland
went to the Mermaids, when the'
British steamer Assyria sand
IT IS ALL IN VAIN.
Portland, Or. Sept. 5. With
his molars and several crowns
recently removed, T. J. Lane, of
Seattle, was certified into the
national army here today. The
examining board is convinced
that Lane had his teeth pulled
in an effort to escape the draft.
Expect Full Division 25,1
Strong Will Be In Camp by
Hempstead, N. Y., Sept. 5 To the
mineled music of the military bands
and the humming motors of twelve
army aeroplanes, Major General W. A.
Mann and his staff arrived at Camp
Mills todav to command the Rainbow
At almost the same time 1,600 men of
the Illinois artillery from Fort Sheridan
led bv Colonel Riley of Chicago, de
trained at Hempstead crossing and
marched through Garden City to the
eamu. Their arri-ial brought the total
number of fighting men hero to six
teen thousand. Half an hour later the
Illinois contingent landed in camp their
tents were ui), company streets clear
and sentries posted.
A dozen student army aviators eelc
brated today's arrivals with startling
evolutions high over the camp, dipping,
twisting, banking at alatming angles,
ducking and diving in battle maneuvers.
The full division, 25,000 strong, will
be mobilized here by Saturday night-
Michigan produced over $07,000,000
worth of copper last year.
ers are managing to hold the line more
or less intact, but they are constantly
risking their lives at tne hands of
their own moil.
With Russian disintegration, Bresh
ko Boreskovsliaia pointed out, Ger
many might secure food in this coun
try, defy the allies' blockade and pro
long the war for years.
German Spies Busy
German activities behind the lines
are steadily increasing, it was learned
that an extensive plot in Moscow to
attempt a coup d'etat during the re
cent congress there failed, duo to the
loyalty of the local workmen s and
soldiers' conference to KerensKy. More
proof of the German activities is seen
in increasing fartorv fires. Explosions
were frequent, following the partial
destruction of Kassan by fire, undoubt
edly due to Teuton spies.
Tho American Red Cross is at pres
ent the most efficient commission in
Russia. Its experts are scattered
throughout the country, studying ev-
ery aspect of the situation, grimly de- j
termined to do everything possible to
save the country but hampered by
lack of transportation and other facil
ities. Loyal Russians, undoubtedly are
co-operating to the best of their abil
ity. French Commission
Visits San Francisco
Ran Francisco, Sept. 5. Headed by
Edouard DeBilly, the French high com
mission to the United States arrived in
San Francisco today and its members
were guests of honor at a series of func
tions arranged for them.
A reception committee met the com-
; missioners at Oakland and at the ferry
building an escort of troops from the
Presidio was awaiting to accompany the
party to its hotel. At 12:30 o'clock
French Consul Neltner was host at a
luncheon to the party.
San Francisco 's'official welcome was
eiven at the city hall, with Mayor
James Bolnh as the speaker. Tonight
the French Cercle De L 'Union will ban
quet the visitors.
FIRST GROUPS OF
DRAFTED MEN ARE
Railroads Giving Splendid
Service Furnishing Pull
mans at Night
FIRST 34,350 WILL BE
IN CAMP MONDAY NIGHT
Traveled Light But
Wants Were Looked After
by Red Cross Chapters
GOFF CAME FROM HOFP
Camp Lewis, Tacoma, Wash.,
Sept. 5. Arthur Warren Goff
was the first drafted Sammy to
register here at what in a few
weeks will be the largest train
ing cantonment in America.
He arrived this morning
from Hoff, Jefferson county,
Oregon, and was assigned to
barracks number one.
sfc sfc sc sjc s(c jjc sc 5jc s(( i(c sjc sfc sfs
By George Martin
(United Press slaff correspondent)
Washington, Sept. 5. The first
group of drafted men to train for the
battle against kaiserism passed from
civil to military life today. -
(Jiutting tho lactones, stores and of-
fices, they entrained for cantonment
camps. Several thousand will be en
route to the camp cities by night, while
others will follow until Sunday. The
orv.'uiiv( 0s?v v. v ia tvu mi; n ttiu
leave September 19 and the third In-
crement October 3.
The single exception to this move-
ment toward eamp touay was Maryland
District of Columbia and eastern Penn-
sylvania men, delayed until September
19, because Camp Meade, Admiral, Mr.,
is not completed.
ine country s ranroaus are giving
the national army tho best facilities.
Where night journeys are necessary,
i"""" """'J i" the past ycar- He said with tho equip
arrive at cantonment camps before on n wM im)08ail)le to tako
mg " 'Spartan Life Begins caro of the crowds aud iu or,,er to, .'lo
Tho little green notices calling Am- effectively it was necessary to hire
erica's selected sons to battle were f Portland, his takes consider-
sent out early this week. The first to able money and if jitneys from the out
go reported to their local boards to- side are to compete he said thero would
day at an hour convenient to entrain- be little for the car company,
ing time. Councilman McClelland protested
The new spartan military life of the against the passage of the ordinance
citizen soldiers began immediately- as he termed it ono of the usual pre
They went to camp without the little stato fair measures gotten up to suit
comforts ot home they arc accustomed the jitney drivers of this city so they
to carrying only the barest necesBi- cail iave a monopoly,
ties. Re-Assessment Rescinded.
The quartermaster s department has Jn urging the passage of the measure
been working night and day to provis- Conn(,ilmnu rnrlll, ,vhn introduced it,
ion the camps and gather equipment designed to protect the Sa-
IrV LtTLla'r Z wiVrpr T .lit"-- doe, not apply to those
ous military training-will prepare the w'.o ho d hcenses now. fhe ordinance ex
camps for receiving the thousands to pifM ''''! ' " r
follow in forty per cent increments on Because it was desired to change the
September l! and October 3. " form of the resolutions for tho re-ass-
Were Well Looked After essment of south High street and south
Whilo the new soldiers traveled Twelfth street, on the advice of the
"light" their comfort was not over- city attorney, they were rescinded last
looked. Red Cross chapters at way night by the council,
points served light refreshments and Bids flir railroad crossing danger
emergency rations. Philadelphia alone signs were received by the council last
wired national Red Cross headquarters ,,'ight. The bids are as follows for 10
that the city was prepared to feed 1,- jgns:
otm troops a day indefinitely. Coast Culvert and Flume company.
Arriving at the camps in charge of g. in pf)1,, 10 ouel. Ho(i.
a picked man of their own number, the snn.Fc(.na,,i,tv company, siKns $.1.50
Iratted squa.ls will ne turnea oer io
reiinlnr army officers for intensive mil
itary training. Uniforms and rifles will
be distributed at a later date.
Monday night will see the first ,
350 housed in the cantonment barracks.
Dnilv until then more than 40(10 cit-
and towns with local draft boards
will witness the farewells oi motuers,
sisters and friends as each sqtiau en
trains. Alternates are held in readiness hy
each local board to fill the places ot
selected men failing to put in appear
ance before train time. When the first
ni e ueioie timii fcinic. " t...
ive per cent are finally off, boards
rill report "slackers " If there are
anv they will ne rounnea up uy m
police and military to face a charge of
First ft Camp Lewi
Camp Lewis. Tacoma, Wash., Sept. 5.
The first drafted men arrived at
Camp Lewis today. They include 93
men from Seattle and 93 others from
all over the state. Ninety two are due
to arrive from more distant points iti
day and the Tacoma contingent Satur
day. Twenty five hundred from all
parts of the western department will
be here by the first of next week.
It is estimated two days will be re
quired to organize skeleton companies.
after which will come ngm pnysicai
examinations, and some men will De
dropped who do not meet the require-
meats. Issuance of equipment will b
,hpo""onra. non-commisioned of fi -
... 3 ...1 . Un
CCrS Will De given nruncu men uv
i ...ffUIont militnrv exnerience
as soon as possible after their arrival-,
(Continued on Paga TwJ
by Bar Association
Saratoga Springs, N. Y, Sept.
S3. Protests against Germany's
" war program as violating inter-
national law were contained in
the report of the committee on
international law, submitted to
the American Bar association,
in convention here today.
The protests were in nine sec-
Sinking of merchant sliips
Assuming to close the sea to
our ships by proclamation.
Conspiracies conducted against
this country by German secret
Wanton murder of civilians
Devastation of occupied, re-
Looting of occupied territory
and excessive levy of eontribu
tions from such territory.
The claim of right to execute
any mariner who defends his
vessel against submarines.
Deportation of civilian popu-
lation to bo employed in forced
Sinking of hospital sliips.
TO BE FIFTY DOLLARS
This In Fairness to Street
Railway Council Rescinds
' y ' -" n,nm.u o,.
-lpil,lin fhirinvr .,. ..,., nf tha ore-
tj ,t 4i
ago last night by the Salem council of
an ordinance raising the jitney license
from m tQ $3Q ft ycar Th(J prime J)Ur.
i , - , , - , ,
U"J, ol 1,10 "8 me iicensa is n.
keep out the foreign jitney and give
the Salem oporaW . and the fjalein
, . ., , .
at,cet ;a,lwfly "lay a chanca .,t the
business properly theirs.
Managor Billingsley of the railway
company was granted tho courtesy of
the floor and stated to the council that
the street car company was running at
a ,os8 &ni hfls ,08t ab()ut $20,000 during
.,,. , rj,lnn,k Enamel
Sitrn company, signs $3.63 each. The
matter was referred to the committee
To Pave Approach.
As the result of the boiler of the
j street department plant giving out, on
motion of Councilman Elliott the council
authorized the hiring of another at th
rate of $5 a day.
The west approach to the new bridge
was ordered paved by the council at the
request of the Marion county court. The
cost is to be borne by the county and
the work to be done by the city pav
ing plant. The paving will probably be
done in two or three weens.
Bids for the furnishing of hay were
received. I). A. White and Son offered
five tons of cheat hay at 'J3.no a ton
and five tons of straw at 10 a ton.
The hav is to be delivered at the fire
department if accepted. The matter was
referred to the fire and water commit
The matter of the construction of
. TT:t. ... -.w. t A lia Kflnamonl tt
llin TTuMiaril iil 1 1 il 1 II IT Came UD Inst
right, when W. H. Xorris, receiver for
the building, stated that the health of
ficer had requested him to secure ven
, ... Hnn . basement. He had been
: t d down ,,v the council previously
, , t for st t0 the lament,
thc nmttrw(ls ,ade a special
1 order of business for the next council
Because she fell on
a side walk in
the city and broke the bones in ner
thumb, Mrs. Alive Helsig has filea a
' claim for 100 damages against tho city.
Would Have Government Pay
Good Prices Recouping
On Profit Tax
TAXES SHOULD NOT BE
Gassifies Pacifists and Cer
tain Others As Enemies
of This Country
Chatham, N. Y., Sept. 5. Conscrip
tion of war profits to meet war expens
es was demanded today by Colonel
Roosevelt. Speaking at the Columbia
county fair here, he declared himself
in favor- of "a very heavily graduated
tax on tho excess profits due to war
conditions; a tax as heavy as Great
Britain has now Imposed "
The highest Hritish war profits tax
is eighty per cent.
Heavily graduated inheritance and
income taxes are also necessary, Roose
celt asserted. He said they should fol
low the English and German models.
'In tho purchases made by the gov
ernment,'' Roosevelt declared, "it
ought to pay prices high enough to en
able not. merely the big manufacturers,
but. their smaller and less advantage
ously situated rivals to secure a gen
erous living profit. This means tha
the big manufacturers would have ex
cess profits and the proper way t
reach these is by taxing them Heavily.
If the government .fails to follow such
action, if it follows a course of inde
cision and delay, the Tesult will be a
bad as it has alreadv proved in th
matter of building ships.
Wants Graduated Tax
M At present what is.most needed ia
a heavilya very heavily graduated
tax on the excess profits due to war
conditions! a tax as heavy as Great
Brifain has now imposed."
Roosevelt advised against "any such,
restrictions of profits as would reduce)
production or lower wages." he said.
"The taxes should bo laid progres
sively on those able to pay, up to, but
not bevond tho point where payment
becomes unjust or oppressive or inter
feres with production."
The government, no ssm, unmiiu i
careful about fixing prices that are
too low, but "should certainly prevent
excessively high nriecs. "
Roosevelt attacked as "enemies or
the United States" the war profiteers,
workingmen who refuse first class
work for a first class wage, pro-ucr-nmns,
professional pacifists those advn
catin-? "peace without viciory, m
I. W. W. and the socialist party ma
Demanders of a peace except tno
peace of a complete -viciory o:i
brutalized and Prussianized Germany
ot the llohenzolierns, wero ueuoimo-
ed by Roosevelt as enemies to iu
country and to mankind."
The colonel verbally lashed "shilly
shallying" ' war preparations ami
America's unpiepniedness. "It took
(i ,,. tlmn even months to
conquer' France in 1870," he declared.
"and now after these seven monina u
war preparation we are still nothing
like as formidable as Belgium or Ru
mania." . ,,
lie advised against "war bragging
and recited the following to empha
size his point:
"What's the use
Of all this bragging up and down,
When three women and one goose
Make a market in your town!
After denouncing Germany's war
fare as "hideous beyond belief, ob
scene cruel, brutal and unspeakably
fnnl " he branded Herman tangling
t.ppcrs as "scandalously disloyal
the IH.ited States and declared
on in conirress or out-
tried to have those of German descent
exempted from army duty against Ger
many were "traitors, pure and sim
ple." Attackers of England aro also
traitors, he said.
claim was referred to the street
committee anu mo .
A second application for matroi t
the comfort station was ee.vel, that
of Mrs. C. Emma Armstrong. The appli
cation was referred to the committer
on health and police.
. . . ..j.j.
1 T T - -
Oregon : Tonight
fair west; prob
ably fair eatt por
tion; gentle wind,