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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 18, 1917)
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BPEOIAIi WTIXAMETTS VAL
1I KBWfl 8j&I0JH
FORTIETH YEAR NO. 196
SALEM, OREGON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 1917
Ol J jll! villOfl . Ill)
TAKE PART IN RAID
Tbey Drop 18 Tons of Ex
plosives On German Mili
114 GERMAN AIRPLANES
WRECKED DURING WEEK
nail Naval Battle Reported-
Allies Hold All Gains On
By William Philip Slmms
(United Press staff correspondent)
With the British Armies in the Field
Aug. 18. A total of 114 Gorman air
planes have been brought down, during
1h past week in fierce sky fighting
that has been in progress in "connection
with tho allied offensive,
fixt.y iwo of theso enemy inachmos
"Wtjie destroyed outright and fifty two
were driven down out of controL The
eerial operations were carried out de
spite' unfavorable weather, and wore
marked by extreme dnring.
A check up today showed forty Brit
ish, machines missing, following the
t week ' fighting.
The Prussian fliers took great chanc
' in their efforts to communicate ar-'
fillery ranges back to their' lines. "
" wuu uiiry were unaor oraei s i
.10 get ine ranges or aie- in tno attempt.
'' As the new Flanders battle was raa-
DO GREAT DAMAGE
ing a personal compilation shows that
' nineteen enemy airplanes were brought
crashing to tho ground in one day.
Twenty' were- driven down out of con
trol. -.. . . ... ;
' Sixteen half ton bombs were dropped
on railway stations, ammunition dumps
and -arecxlromes by British aviators- in
'eTighh-1''1' v.. ..
'Four and a half tons , of explosives
, were dropped. by a single British squad
Ton. A seventy mile gale was blowing
that night when the Britons took to tho
ir on their lirst trip. They bucked
the gale with their destructive freight,
dropped their bombs and returned to
their camp. Loading up they again
' took to the air, despjto the howling
wind, and kept at it until three trips
had been made and the four and a half
tons unloaded on the Germans.
Ill Aeroplanes in Fight
Paris, Aug. 18. An air raid in which
111 French aeroplanes participated
dropping 13,000 kilograms (35,000
pounds) of projectiles on German mili-
tary establishments was reported by
the war office today.
, The French aviators went within
eleven miles of the Rhine on their raid.
Freiburg in Brisgau is in the Grand
Duchy of Belden, seventy five miles
tfrom Karlsruhe and eleven miles from
the Rhine- It has a population of more
than 60,000. Colmar and Freiscati are
are in upper Alsace.
Seven German machines were shot
down and a balloon and eight others
were badly damaged, it was stated.
Two French machines failed to return
from the raid.
The Colmar aviation ground arrtj avia
tion camps at Frcscnti and Habshcim
were bombarded. Chnmbley station,
Fri.bour.Jen Brisgau and other points
were also attacked. Numerous fires
were started and Cortemarck station
was seen to bo in flames.
Nancy was bombarded bv German
aviators, but there was no casualties.
Germans BtHl Attaching
London, Aug. IS. For the third day,
German troops continued throwing
masses of men against the newly won
British positions near Lens today.
All counter attacks were again eom-
( Continued an page nine.)
I ABE MARTIN
Time is a great softener, but it must
work overtime on a Kiefer pear. What's
rxH-ome o' th' ole time country dude
that shaved with a barlow knife f
Two Americans Awarded
British Military Cross
London, Aug. 18. (By Mail) Two
American lieutenants of the Canadian
army today wear the Military Cross as
a reward ror their bravery a- ader
snip unaer lire. A. 1. Mannil Chat
ham, Va,, and Donald MacRae g o Fash
ington, D. C whose father is V r ad
jutant-general'a office were; 9 'ated
by King George in recognitiol &. p ;heir
vaior. , ijdi
Pannill, at Vimy Ridge took p 3 and
of a company, captured part 54 second-line
trench and established machine-gun
position in a crater I u i a
trench. His command suffered ere
casualties. Pannill himself, ! gh
wounded by shrapnel, remained he
job for 24 hours consolidating tho gains.
Ho recently transferre dto the Royal
MacRae found that his major's crown
was keeping him out of action becauso
the army needed active lieutenants and
was plentifully supplied with major of
ficers. The Washington man was so
anxious to fight that he "pulled two
stars" from his sleeve and took the
tank of lieutenant. The act for which
he received the Military Cross was per
formed on the Vimy front some time
before the big assault.
HiS PACIFIST IDEAS
Says Since War Has Started
We must Stand Together
and Fight It Thiough
Lincoln. Neb., Aug. 18,
should bo wustcd on those arrested for
unpatriotic utterances, William Jen
ni'i'-s Bryan declares in a signed edit-
issue of his paper The
4 , , ud tins, he says, applies
to" utters upon our allies as well as
upon our own government. Resistance
to the draft law is also strongly con
demned, being branded as anarchy by
Mr. Bryan. In part he says:
"Before our. nation enters a war it
is perfectly proper to discu'is the 'wis
dom of going to war, but the discus-
that.: 00 nno . should be T,ermitted to
Monk attacks noon his 'eavernmen m
nid to th enemy under the claim that
he- is exercising freedom of speech. No
sympathy, therefore, will be wasted up-
on those who nave oeon nrrestea ior ,
Lnpatriotic utterances. They abuse ro :
r . ' .... .
pneerh. And this applies to atiacas on
the allies as well as to attacks upon
tho United States.; Wo can no'moro al
low our allies to be crushed than we
can afford' to ha erusheU ourselves. Tho
defeat of ouv allies would throw the
whole burden of the war upon us. We
must stand together and fight it
through. There are only two sides to
a war every American must be on
the side of the United States."
Major General Arthur Mur
ray, Retired, to Command
On the Coast
Washington, Aug. 18. The war de
partment today named new department
commanders as follows:
Eastern Brigadier General E. D.
Hovle. .. ..
Western Major General Arthur Mur
Southeastern Major General W. P.,
Southern Major General John Ruck-
Northwestern Brigadier General,
John A. Johnston.
Central Major General William H.
Carter, all: retider.
Brigadier General J. P. Wisser, retir-
ed, is given command of Hawaii and
Major General P. J. Townsley was giv-
en command of Panama.
The Coasfc Commander.
San Francisco, Aug. 18. Major Gen-
eralArthur Murray, retired, appointed
today to command the western aepan-
ment of the army wicceeaing major
General Hunter Liggett, will take over
the denartment before September 1.
General Murray is spending the summer
at the home of his daughter in Maine.
He was in command of this depart
ment for three years until December 5,
1o1 wlrnn lia waa anitAA(1ai1 tw Hfflinr
General J. Franklin Bell. General Mur-corn
ray was in command here ounng tne ex-
position. He reached the retirement age
carlv in 1916 but at the request of Pan
ama-Pacific Exposition officials was
kept on the active list until the close
of the exposition. '
TO IRRIGATE OCHOCO VALUE'S".
Portland, Or. Aug. 18. Twenty two
thousand acres of land in the Ochoco
valley, central Oregon, will be irrigat
ed, work starting on the project within
the next 20 days, it was announced here ! at
today. Stephens and company and Llart, '
Kendall and company has underwritten
$900,000 worth of bonds to finance the t
project and a contract for the construe-'
tion of a $300,000 and the first section
of a main canal was signed this week J
with Twohy Brothers.
PUBLIC WILL HOT
This They Admit Is Only Rea
son f rices Are Not Made
GAMBLERS FACE LOSS ON
6.000,000 CASES OF EGGS
They Also Fear Hoover May
rut Maximum On Cold
Chicago, Aug. 18. Eggs won't go to
a dollar a dozen, nor butter to a dollar
a pound as predicted by eastern agri
cultural experts because the public
won 't stand for it.
Chicago dealers admitted this today.
Further, owners of over six million cases
of eggs in storage here fear before the
season is over they may have to take
a loss on the greater portion of the sun-
And lastly, Chicago dealers would not
be surprised to see Herbert Hoover step
in and put a maximum price of forty j
cents or so on butter, and a correspond-
,nKmamumn 'SS- .
dent Davis of tho Chicago butter and
egg board, who described reports of one
dollar eggs as "perfect iQt. '.' The gov
ernment invettigatog all such reports,
Davis admitted that eggs were higher
today than a year ago at this timo, but
he said the government report for Aug
ust 1, showed thero were 42.123 more
cases, in storage now than last year. ;
Other dealers said that while eggs were
mora because high prices always dim-
eonsumpUon-a-a - their
1 r rr
Etris t Be 40 Cento.
Eggs- want Into atorago carry in the
a.-anju at thirty two cents wholesale.
T,n(n, fHn nrii.ft ftrivanrn.l tn thirty film.
-- , -- 1 --- -- : ,7 "
" """"y- ft".
wAiit i.ut. thirtv nnvAn thftti nt thirtv
went in at thirty seven than at thirty
two. The "eomiiig out" price wilt be
from thirty seven and forty cents this
winter. This menus '. a retail price of
from forty three to forty eight cunts.
A few storage eggs began to move this
woek at 35, but they will not last long.
Last year's high prices came toward
the end of the season. Today 's prices
aro about the same. Production has been
lighter, it was pointed out.
- The nation's butter supply is about
25,000,000 pounds short, and may be
shorter, according to Davis, who says
tho increased demand for milk and con
densed milk has put the price up. The
shortage may be offset, however, ho"
added, because of shrinking in exports
Butter was 25 to 32 cents a pound,
wholesale, last year at this time. Today
it is forty cents. -
Poultry is cheap now, he stated, be
cause of a slowly moving surplus in
Stock Market Has
Dullest Day of Season
New York, Aug. 18. The New York
Evening Sun financial review today
Today's short session of the stock
market was quite the dullest and most
perfunctory affair of the summer to
date, even for a Saturday Bession. The'
attendance on the floor of the exchange
was light. Trading was narrow and the
course of prices presented little change.
The industrial and railroad lists alike
moved on both sides of the Friday clos-
ing level within small fractional limits ,
mil annti transactions as there was,
were cieariy oi proiei
The only outstanding feature was re-,
nnt'pru nf U early three points in Dcla-
ware and Hudson after it had touched j
a new low jevei
ThArA was no chanee of importance
. i i tno
in the late trading. Bonds were slight-
ly more ncum
Corn a Trifle Lower .
Wheat Price Unchanged
Chicago, Aug. 18. Continued favor
alile irrowinz weather and lower cash
due to the disposition of the south
to snip corn run;,
tures down half to lour cents ueiow
yesterday 's close.
December corn opened at L12, down
1-2 and closed off 3 1-2. May opened
5-8 lower and declined 2 5-8 at an open
ing of $1.09.
September wheat opened 1-4 higher
at $2.02 1-2 and sold off 1-4 at the
Oats was down in sympathy with
corn. September declined 3-8 at 53 7-8
and closed 1-4 lower. December opened
54 1-8. beinir down l-2-nd elosed
5 - 8 lower, way openea i- lower
57 7-8 and closed one down.
Provisions- were lower despite "a
strong and higher hog market,
Little thins trouble u and little
STAND FOR GOUG
things console U3.
6JiOWiL BUMJB SPEEO
Sheepshead ' Bav, Speedway,
L. I., Aug- 18. Ralph DcPalma
won the first match automobile
. race here this afternoon, cover
ing the thirty miles in 16 min
utes 35 3-5 seconds.
Chevrolet was second and
DePalma also won the sec
ond race twenty miles in ten
minutes 53 4-5 seconds- Chev
rolet finished second and Old
"JAIL 80 DAYS".
Washington, Aug. 18. Six
suffrage pickets who refused to
pay $10 fines were today sen.
tenced by Judge Pug.li in police
court to thirty days in jail each.
The women are Miss C. M.
Flanagan, Hartford, Conn.; Miss
Natalie Gray, Colorado Springs,
Colo.j Mrs. Laviua Dock, Phil
adclphia; Miss Lucy Ewing,,,
Chicago; Mrs. William Vpton
Watson, Chicago and Miss Edna
Dixon, Washington, D, C. '
. . r
Chicago, Aug. 18. Increasing
arrests of alleged slackers to-.
day brought jail authorities face
to face -with the problem of
wnere to put the prisoners. Bas
tiles in Chicago and vicinity are
full. Refusal of releases on
bonds was making them "ful
ler." ' - ;
, Five hundred alleged stack
ers will face tho Moral grand
jury here Septembor 4. More
than 800 persons have been ar
rested on charges of violating
the draft law, but several hund
red wore registered and liberat
ed. . , , '
IM A MUNITION PLAfiT
'Montreal, Que., Aug. 18,-At . least
twenty persons were killed in a series
pf terrific explosions which destroyed
the Curtis and Harvey ummunition
plant at Dragon, Quebec, today, accord
ing to latest estimates from the scene
of the disaster. . .
Scores of enipkiyes-of the plant are
missing, but the belief was expressed
that many of them will be found to be
safe, despite the fear that the known
death toll may yet be largely increased.
The explosion wiped out forty homes
of workers employed in the plant and
shook the country for mites around. The
monetary damage will run close to
A passenger arriving in Montreal
from the scene said the plant was com
pletely wrecked. Telephone and telo
graph communication is cut off.
That the loss of life was not great
er is believed to bo due to tho fact
that the plant is composed of about 150
small shops. Only a small number of
men are employed in each shop. When
the blast went off in one shop, it is
believed, employes in others fled and
nossiblv escaped before the fire spread
and set off tho remaining explosives.
Saved State $15,320
By re-advertising the sale of $400,-
000 bonds issued by the state board of
Bean-Barret bill, which was passed to
v, n h Hi,oi,nifnr,i
Bct t0 provide money by the leaerai
governmcnt tor the improving of post
. j . tht
rhiiu worn f nt ahnrf-timA
in8tead ot inK.ti"me, the board saved
the sum of $15,320 over the price offer
ed for the bonds at the general opening
of bids two weeks ago.
The A. B. Leach -and company of
Chieago, bid $38,20 on the issue and it
is close with E. H. Bobbins and Son,
who bid $388,040. The other bids were
by the LumbermanSs Trust company of
Portland, $385,320; John E. Price and
company, $385,280; Clark-Kendall fit
The bids were taken under consider
ation and the award made early next
week. The first hundred thousand is due
in five years and one hundred thous
and each year thereafter.
ELEPHANT ATE IT
Chicago, Aug. 18. A trained
elephant here may be arrested
for interferring with the draft.
"Sure, I registered." George
Colelta of Seattle, his yalet,
told the police. " But the ele- ;
phan swallowed my registrar-i
tion card." t
The elephant's trainer eor-j
roborateil the story and Colelta
FIX COAL PRICES
Owners Given Last
Chance to Increase Yield
and Lower Prices
NEXT WEEK WILL BRING
MINES UNDER CONTROL
Will Before This Direct Im
mediate Coal Shipments
to the Lakes
Washington, Aug. 18, President Wil
son today moved to take prompt and di
rect action in the coal situation.
That ho will act next week is be
lieved certain probably authorizing
the federal trade commission to fix pri
ces on coal from tho head of the mines
to the consumers. He will not authorize
actually taking ever operation of the
ines. j . , -
Before this,, however, probably within
forty eight hours he will enforce the
provisions of the priority shipping bill
and direct immediate coal shipments to
the Great Lakes region, where a serious
shortage exists. .
Government control of coal is near
today. Mine ownerB who appoaled to
President Wilson for a last chance to in
crease production and lower prices aro
understood to have been told that in
the "event they fail to act immediately
the government will take over the coal,
supply as it has planned to do with
wheat.' : '
The union miners, headed by John P.
White, lined np with th dofense coun
cil ' coal committee against government
regulation: """" '" '
Pi nadttA Prices.
The foderal "trade "commission at the
same time is trying to satisfy the grow
ing demand from the middle west for
relief from high prices. That President
Wibjon will order the commission to
carry out the Pomerene coal .amendment
to the food control law is considered
probable, in event other measures fail.
Chairman Peabody . of the council'
coal committee addressed a final appeal
to the men in the coal Industry to "ex
ercise a proper degree of voluntary res
traint" and safeguard the public as
ell as obtain maximum production.
"In the judgment of the committee,"
he said, "tho problems affecting this
industry can be more effectively solved
and the interest of our nation and the
public more properly protected by the
men who form the nature of their opin
ion, are essentially qualified to deal
Peabody and White pleaded with tho
nmsidnnt. not to carry out a plan of
government purchase of all coal at cost
?iT"fi.. nmt re-salo to the con-
turner plus a nominal charge for hand-
White and other officers of the Unit
ed Mine Workers ordered the Alabama
coal miners to postpone the strike of
25,000 men called for today. Secretary
of Labor Wilson will meet the mino
workers' representatives in Birmingham
Commission To Act.
Chicago, Aug. 18. Speedy action by
tho federal commission in determining
what shall be a fair price for coal
probably early next week was indicat
ed here today when it was learned that
It. W. Gardiner, chief coal accountant
for the commission, will leave for Wash
ington tonight to make a report on coal
production costs at the mine mouth in
Gardiner has already completed an
investigation in Indiana into mine
mouth costs, and has made a partial in
vestigation in West Virginia, Pennsyl
vania and Maryland. Reports of these
investigations are now before the com
mission, according to Gardiner.
Gardiner will submit to the commis
sion at Washington statistics gathered
from 100 Illinois mines. Ho refused to
discuss costs or selling prices of coal,
but said "there is a margin of profit
on coal this year over that of last
yeju8t'ice Carter, Illinois "fuel dicta
tor" announced he would hold his next
priee hearing Monday afternoon.
Violates All Rules of r
Paris, Aug. . 18. Twenty six bat
talions of French military prisoners
A by the Germans
for work in dangerous positions at the,at
oKi-nnlincr to the revelations of H
Galli, member of the chamber of depu
ties. The government today set a formal
protest to Berlin.
rjni wiared the Germans, hi -vio
lation of the rules of eivilized warfare,
had forced French prisoners to do mili-
tary work, under the guns of the allied I
srmies, tnus releasing uu....
German soldiers from actual fighting.
He asserted it had been proven that
this condition existed.
'Senator Kern Dead
Indjanapolis, Ind. Aug. 18. All of In
aidna today mourned the death of For
mer Senator ,iohn W. Kern, of Indiana,
who died last night at Ashville, N. C.
Hundreds of messages of condolence
went out from the state to the widow
of the Hoosier statesman who was at
Kern 'a bedside when death came from
an attack of uraemic poisoning.
The family of the senator has not
advised friends as to funeral arrange
ments but it is believed the body will
be taken to Hollins, Va., the Kern sum
Kern who was majority leader In the
senate and chairman of the democratic
conference committee, retired from ac-i
live pontics last March. He was
IN OFFICIAL BULLETIN
This Indicates American
Troops Will Soon Take
Part in the Fighting
Washington, Aug. 18. That Ameri
can troops will soon be in the fray
abroad was indicated today when it
was learned the war department will
start a casualty column in the official
bulletin August 27. .
This is not to be taken as an exact
date for American participation how
The bulletin section reserved for such
lists will be marked "no casualties"
on days when there are none. If there
are only a few casualties, the column
will print the soldier's name, organ
ization and noxt of kin. If, however, the
lists run heavily, only
name and ArcrsniziiKnn will h nnta,l A
special bureau under Adjutant GonornI Movin8 pictures of Little are bt
McCain will check up on casualties and n hown at Walkerville, a suburb of
maintain an infnrnintinn scrvien nr In. Butte. The mayor of the town refused'
quiring kin: An extra crow of telegraph
operators will bo engaged.
A stream of soldier will 1 , . t
broad betor mum fife.
The first and. second Rainbow divN- 1 t0 "" the mats meeting late to
ions will hnve European training by day at which Congresamoman Jeanutte
snai nmo, wni'e a seeonn regnmr tnr . .m -'"--i1 i.v -
expedition .ia. likely. ta be under way n"d thirt sho will attack the "rtist
before winter.'.. ' i ling card" which th Metal Mine Work-
.In addition theso writs, therer is
already one division .- .of regulars : in
France, whilo "altering units of for
esters, . engineers, aircraft men and
other soryices aro on European soil. .
awmill Town Near
f Hood River Is Burned
Hood River, Or. Auk. 18.--The saw
mill town of Ruthton, near here today
is a field of smoking ruins.
For the third time in its thirty years
of existence, the town has been laid
wastu by flames. Property damage Is
estimated at $35,000. Sparks from a
passing train are believed to have start
ed the Jjlaze.
Live brands from the burning village
wore carried into nearby timber and a
"umo" Bmtt" a"ca-
LFlr0 flht,n Watus rushed from
number of small forest fires started
here to Ruthton, was practically use
less because the firo had put tho town 's
water system out of commission.
The forest firo situation in this dis
trict is serious. Firo fighters brought
here from Portland went on a strike
today, claiming they were unahlo to
stand the mosquitoes in the mountains.
Low hanging rain clouds, however, pro
WILL TRAIN IN CUBA
Cuhan Government Places
Training Ground at Disposal
of Uncle Sam
Washington. Aug. 18. Some Ameri
can forces will proceed to the eastern
end of Cuba for training at an early
date it was announced today.
This is the result of an offer by the
Cuban government to place a training
ground at the disposal of the United
The state department, announcing ac
"This generous offer has been ac
cepted by this government with great
pleasure and careful consideration has
been given to the question as to which
of tho American forces would be more
benefitted by training in the islands
"This question has now been deter
mined and American forces will proceed
to the eastern end of Cuba for training
an c(iriy date.
"The action on the part of President
Nenocal in making this friendly offer
is considered as a further proof of
Cuba's desfre to give cordial cooper
ation to the United States and to be
of every assistance to it in tho war
which both countries are now waging
for the rights of humanity against the
imperial German government.
When a candidate places himself
the hands of his friends they massage
VONT HIS ARE
READY TO STRIKE
Preparing Today for General
Walkout la Four North
JIM LARKEN WILL HAVE
CHARGE IN PORTLAND
Great Parade In San FranciV
cofoal Strikes Are Still
Butte, Mont. Aug 18. Butte Indus
trial Workers of the World aro prepar
ing today for the general walkout in
Oregon, Washington, Idaho and Mon
At a secret meeting of the Butte lo
cal, the I. W. W. pledged full support
to the general strike, it wag learned
today. Jim Larkin, I. W. W. leader who
was driven out of Butte a year ago be
cause of his seditious talk, is here to
day, strengthening the local branch of
Larkin will , leave Butte Sunday af-''
ternoon for Portland to direct the I. W.
W. northwest walkout.
I. W .W. TronaimnriA fnllnwlni th
Frank Little killing started at home to-
,0 Interfere with the exhibition of th
j pictures. The pictures will bo shown all
! eVOT th eoT
Fifteon thqusand persons are expoct-
era' uniod want abolished.
' ' ' 7 -: . ; -i '
Strikers Will Parade.
Ban Francisco, Aug. 18. What strike
leaders declare will be -thj Lrrci.tnst,
demonstration of strength since the car .
men's strike on the United Railronda,
started a week agrt, will take place thia
afternoon when strikers And their fam
ilies will parade. A mass meeting will
The carmen declared additions to
their ranks' have brought the union
membership to 17i)0. On the other hand
the United Railrunds asserted fifty per
cont of the normal daytime service is
being maintained, although night ser
vice has been virtually abandoned.
In a statement today President Lilien
thal of the company declared:
"It is true the men can force the
company into bankruptcy but that will
do them no good."
One foreclosure suit is pending, he
said, with another in prospect as a re
sult of inability to meet interest on
Two hundred more strikebreakers ar
rived today from St. Louis.
End Not In Bight.
Knoxville, Tenn., Aug. 18. After a
week's duration tho strike of 20,000
miners in nearly two hundred coal mine
in southeastern Kentucky and eastern
Tennessee today appeared far from set
tlement. Railroads in tho section have
begun to feel the coal shortage, and
the Louisville and Nashvillo is confis
cating all coal in its yards.
Although federal mediators are work
ing to effect at least a temporary agree
ment the Southern Appalachian Coal
Operators association has refused Btol
idly to grant recognition of the miners
union: and tho miners subject at var
ious points to petty cruelties and ejec
tion from their homes are nouriy do
lieved to be growing more belligerent.
Onlv twelve or fifteen small mines
throughout the entire belt those inde
pendent mines are in operation.
! To Vote on Strike.
St. Paul, Minn., Aug. 18. The strike
vote of Great Northern boilormakers
will be submitted to company officials
at a conference today. Boilermakors sre
reported favoring a strike if their de
mands are refused.
About 800 men will be effected. They
are demanding a standard wage of 54
1-2 cents an hour, abolishment of handy
man system ttnd reinstatement of p-
fVntinued on Page S.)
and Sunday fair;
his pocketbook freely.