Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 2, 1917)
: ' i m
TS . SfiV ft : vffiW od ft : - ' rl I FULL IfASED VIRE
(22,000 READERS) DAILY.
Only Circulation In Satan guar
aateed by the Audit Bares of
SPECIAL WILLAMETTB VAL
LEY NEWS &E&V10H .
i i I II 11 J 1 U MM s i II I! II .. II'II n .Ilfl I) i I i J I! 11 1! l! fJ! II I .
- - - - 1 .
FORTIETH YEAE NO. 183
WAR MINE IS
MIRED TO HUB ON
Forty Eight Hours of Rain
; Makes Battlefield Bottom
less Sea of Mud .
GREAT ARTILLERY Dift
Russian Forces Re-Fori '
I " fy s i i
! Me causing uerman Aft
vance to Slow Up v
Washington, . Aug. . 2. Ru
ma ilia n troops have made .a
twelve mile breach along the
thirty railo German front in Ru
mania, according to cables re
ceived today at the Russian
The Rumanians, captured sev
enty cannon, 100 machine guns
and four thousand German pris
oners after three days ' hard
"The Germans arc in complete-
disorder and are flying
in panic," the cables state.
New Yorh, Aug. 2. The Franco
British offensive machine was mired to
its hubg today. Movement was practic
ally impossible in the vast sea of mud.
The artillery duel was continued with
unabated ferocity, but; the only infantry
uciitma were r n iew spots or higu
Field Marshal -Haig reported recap
ture of" a position. Which a violent Ger
; man counter, attack early yesterday won
i I'niiii xrmu me nriusn. .
Haig also admitted a successful Ger
man raid to the right of the Flanders
iront. i . i
The Paris official statement detailed
no activity -on the' Flanders front.
News from the Russian front indicat
ed steady strengthening of resistance to
tne uennaa nuvauee. r
An Ocean of Mud.'
By Lowell Mellett.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
London, Aug. 2, Forty-eight continu
ous hours of rain had all but stopped
- the French-British offensive today.
Movement of masses of men or of heavy
guns was impossible in the niuck of
' mud. In a few places where paved high
; -ways afforded footing or wher ridges
above the morass gave relief, the armies
were fiercely struggling.
Field Marshal Haig reported recapt
. lire of positions near the Ypres-Koulers
raiway, where the enemyj by staggering
sacrifice of men, late yesterday ejected
, the British. . -
Further down on the British line Haig
Teported a successful German rnid ar
ound Haig's Court. The enemy securod
tt number of prisoners.
Front -dispatches indicated that ifv
. the infantry was temporarily mired,
, there was no diminution in the artil
. lery fire. Tho British guns are keeping
up a vigorous shell offensive every
where. - -
Artillery Preparing War.
London, Aug. 2. Resumption of tho
allied drive in Flanders waited on a
(Continued on Page Two.)
A girl can't help it if she' got a
c s(t sfc se ss ae 3ff s(c 4c sc ss s sfie
v:r v '
ri'". I IT I
pug nose, but she kin keep from wear-1
in' a elose reefed turban. Kobuddy ev
er asks fer th kind o' a haircut his
.mother nsed t' jffve him. . ,
Who Called the Strike
Is Puzzling Mystery
Berkely, Cal., Aug. 2. Who called
the strike Tuesday at the Hall-Scott
Aeroplane Motor factory here was the
question official of the company sought
to solve today. The machinists union
disclaims responsibility. The strikers
say they received orders from somebody
to quit, but from whom is an unans
Recently a "strike"- at the Union
Iron Works at Alameda was found to
have ben called without authorization
under the same mysterious circumstan
While Appealing to Law I. W.
Ws. In Arizona Offer to
t Avenge Death"
Butte, Mont., Aug. 2. Federal, coun
ty, state and city authorities began an
investigation of the murder of Frank
Little, I. V. W. leader, today without
a tangible clew to work upon. "
A telegram from Attorney General
Gregory requesting District Attorney
B. K. Wheeler that all the facts in the
case be sent to Washington was re
ceived " early today. Secretary Wilson
of the department of labor, has also ask
ed Mark Douoghue, president of the
Montana Federation of Labor, for com
plete facts, promising a thorough in
vestigation. State Attorney General
Ford has arrived to act for Governor
Stewart and the county commissioners
are being urged to offer a reward of
$1000 to supplement the $10U0 reward
offered by the city.
A telegram from the I. W. W. refu
gees in camp Columbus, N. M., pledg
ing their support if men aec, wanted to
avenge Little 's death, was also receiv
ed. Frank Little was murdered by gun
men. They, didn't give him a etianco
to dress or get his crutches," said
sign posted iii the I. W. W. hall today.
Plans are being made tor a nuge -f asuington, -Aug. x. The govern
W. W. demonstration when "Little's fu-jment is preparing -to, fight claims for
neral is held. ' '' -.' vi - i exemptions from th ireft, . -
Complaint that they ha.ve reeeive
the '8-',-7f vwrmyw ' Stonfana
vicrilants was made today By several
other members of the local I. W. W.
union today. - ' -
A number of telegrams were exchang:
ed during- the morning between federal
officials here, and .various departments
at. Washington, but the nature of these
communications were not revealed-
"The People of Ios Angeles
Los" Angeles, Cal., Aug. 2. Condemn
ing the lynching of Frank W.- Little,
I. W.- W. "organizer, at Butte, Los An
geles I. W. W. today sent tho following
resolutions to President Wilson: -
' ' Whereas, the corporations of, Ari
zona are being allowed to take tho law
into their own hands and are institut
ing government by gunmen, thereby
encouraging other corporations to ao
likewise, and whereas this has led to
the infamous and cowardly murder of
Union Lender Frank Little at Butte,
"Therefore, we, the people of Los An
geles, in mass meeting assembled, pro
test aeamst further- delay in returning
th deported miners to their homes and
we demand that these corporations be
junished and their rule by gunmen be.
immediately stopped "
Tho telegram was signea py jnmes
P. Thompson of Seattle, recently do
ported from Jerome, and Phil McLaughlin,-
Los Angeles, district dele
gate of the I. W. W.
: ' Not Same Utile
Sent Up, Wash., Aug. 2. Henry Lit
tle, L W. W., arrested here July 19,
on charge of inciting one of numerous
small riots whieh have marked the ex
press wagon drivers strike, and releas
ed without being tried, on July 27, was
no relatioii to Frank Little, I. W.- W.
lender, lynched in Butte, according to
local I. W. W. officials today.
HOUSE WILL NOT ACT
ON PROM WENT
WiU Consider Only War
Measures May Go Over
" Weshingtan, Aug. 2. The drive to
make the nation dry is temporarily
Dae to a house decision to consider
only war measurees at this time, the
prohibition amendment passed by the
senate late yesterday will go overto
"It is likely that no action will be
taken by the house before congress con
venes," said Representative Webb, the
house dry leader today. "When it cornea
up it will pass overwhelmingly."
Drya in and out of eongrew, howev
er, are laying the ground work for push
ing their fight.
State organizations were notified to-,
day to put extra pressure into the cam
paign for ratification of tne amend
men t. The doubtful states will be the
center of a heavy attack,
"We will secure the adoption of the
prohibition amendment by the neeesi-
Some of These Are Found To
Be Vacant Lots Men
Can't Be Found
SLACKERS ORDERED TO
BE CERTIFIED TO ARMY
Government Will Fight Claims
of Exemption, To Get
Washington, Aug. 2. President Wil
son today ordered that all "slaefcers"
who failed to appear for draft exem
ption be reported to the department of
justice and certified into the national ar
my by the adjutant general of tho
Should these men fail to report to the
adjutant general within five days af
ter notification of their certification in
to the army they will be reported to
the adjutant general of the army for his
Meantime, tho department of -justice
is meeting with difficulty finding men
wuo gave laise addresses in registering.
Upon the return of letters callincr men
for physical examination, agents have
gone to tho supposed addresses only to
find them in the middlo of vacant lots,
bridges and no streets at all.
Will Tight Exemptona.
Concerned -at the' -grOat dumber of
those attempting to avoid service, th
provost marshal general's- off ice today
announced that exemptions in agricul
ture and other -industries -will -be care
fully scutinized. --
"As a direct slap at "marriage slack
ors" the government will automatically
appeal from every exemption on tho
ground of dependency.
Tho purpose of tho appeal is to obtain
nation-wide uniformity in exempting
rulings, which is regarded as otherwise
impossible from 4,557 boards.
, All registrants arc invited by Gen
eral Crowder to report any improper
Discussing industrial exemptions,
General Crowder said district boards
were "powerless to relieve cases in
which private loss and hardship rather
than a national necessity" are at
stake. . i
The Rule to Judge by.
"Otherwise, another man Vould be
asked to offer his life in order that this
man's material benefit be served, ". said
Crowder. - - -
The problem of exempting men in
agricultural and other industries, Gen
eral Crowder said, must be solved
"with success of tho nation's military
opjerations in tuiud as the dominant
object.'! . '
As conservation of certain industries
is necessary to military success, Crow
der declared, the question in an indi-1
vidual case then becomes two fold.
"1 Is the industry in question ne
cessary to the .maintenance of the mil-,
itary establishment or the effection op-1
eration of military forces on the main-j
tenance of the national interest during
the emergency?" -.
"2. Does the person by or in respect
to whom the discharge is claimed oc
cupy such a statute in respect of such
a necessary industry that his place could
not De iuieu y aiiomur wuuuul imcti,
substantial, material loss and detriment
to tho adequate and effective operation
of the particular enterprise!"
LAUNCHED OA PORTLAND
Portland, Or., Aug. 2. The 8800 ton
steel steamer War Viceroy was launch
from the ways of the Northwest Steel
company at noon today, ine nat vice-
toy is a sister snip ot tne war rsaron.
wliich was launched here three months
ago. The Cuuard company la me owner.
WILL GET PEACE NOW
Chicgo, Aug. 2 Frank Popelka
beamed when the exemption board ac
cepted hiin for the new national army.
"Why so happy?" inquired the chair
"Oh, I got a divorce recently and
now I can get some peace and quiet,"
ary number of states," E. C. Dinwid-
die, superintendent of the Anti-baloon
League of America said.
I will not Say now the states in
which we will begin our fight, but we British guns, fired by Canadians, aid
will easily add ten states to the 26 al-jed the Italians in thi great offensive
ready 'dry,' or about to go 'dry' by leg- and allied warships in the gulf of Tri
islation here tofore enacted." Jete bombarded the Austrian coast poi-
House "drvs" todav talked of a
democratic caucus to. determine wbeth-j In Trentmo. a successful offensive al
ex prohibition shall be brought np des- so gained ground for Cadorns's war-
rerater..TAO.l.Nai:,th fr K itf HIE
pite the previous eaueus agrement to
consider notning dui war measures.
OREGON, THURSDAY, AUGUST 2, 1917
no oaotu4 for rumor
Washington; Aug. 2 Answer
ing rumors as to flu aliened dis
aster to. American, forces, 8ec-
retary of War Baker made tlic
following statement today;
"I have no hesitancy in say
ing .that not a syllable has
reached the-, war department
which would lead us to believe
that any misfortune has attend- '
ed our . forces on land or sea;
and I can reiterate the pledge
made some time ago that any
such word will be instantly jjiv
en to the, country, subject only
to the qualifications that any
military movement in process
at the time be, completed so as
not to imperil the remainder of
the forces involved. Let me re
peat that no word- has reached
us which wpuid justify any fear
at thi time."
. kaiseS Likes it
Copenhagen, Aug. 2. Kaiser
. Wilhclm today telegraphed
Crown Prince Bupifeeht, or Ba
varia,, his ''congratulation on
his army's success Tuesday, in
which the vehement Angloj
French attack, intended to con
quer the const in Flanders, fail
ed." 2 OF CREW IiOST
Lontron, Aug. 2. The twenty
i two survivors of the American
steamer Mota.nolanded today,
declared, twenty four of the
crew, some of thorn Americans,
had been lost in. the torpedoing .
of the vessel, announced yester
day by the admiralty.
COLBY OET3 JOB
Washington, Aug. 2. The sen
ate commerce' committee ; Vot
ed this morning, mix ' to four,
to reeommend coiflTmatioii. of
Baiubridge oJby, - J ew Vorki
as a member of the ; shipping
INDICTED FOR CONSPIRACY
Davenport, ' la., Aug. 2. Daniel H.
Wallace of Chicago, organizer of the
League of Humanity, and five other
persons were indicted by the federal
grand, jury here today on charges of
conspiracy .and. violating the espionage
How Participants Stand
After Th ree
As Correspondents See It
By Johu Heariey.
(United Press (Staff Correspondent.)
Home, Aug 2. Italy is just now ap
proaching the climax of her power iu
the great war. Twelve months have wit
nessed consolidation of the Italian was
machine, brilliant advances on all the
fronts where Italian soldiers face the
foe and fullest, utilization of the Ital
ian navy's power in the Mediterran
ean. For the first time in months the.
muddled political situation has appar
entlv settled down, with the recent
overwhelming vote of confidence in the
Boselli cabinet. Italy has learned, prob-
-(iinated' hElniioiiious prosecution of
me war, wiin t'vi-rj uuiu-e or ner
Most recent of Italy's achievements
were the two offensives in the Cm-so
and the Trentino.
Gorizia fell just a year ago and then
Italy turned her eyes toward Laibach
and Trieste. But winter gripped the
fighters before plans materialized. Juet
before nature intervened to stop the
fighting the Italians (in September)
conquered the heights of Comnngno in
the Adige Valley, and consolidated and
widened their positions on the Pasu
bio. This spring on May 6, General Cador
na began where he had left off last fall
but this time with more powerful of
fensive arms in men, guns and mu
nitions. The whole left bank of the
river and almost the entire rocky pla
teau north of Gorizia fell to their
arms. Between Caataguavizzia and east
of Jamiano they pressed forward. The
lower slopes of Mount Hcrmada, the
guardian of Triests were conquered.
iTriests itself U.now direet.y menacedi
from a bare twelve miles.
rdaoe the nura-
r held in Italy
Official estimates now
oer or Austriian prisoners neio in nn
at 155,000 and ot these at least 35,000
OF GIRLS ESCAPE
Russian Women's "Legion of
f Death Gets Baptism
WOUNDED GIRLS INSIST
THEY WILL FIGHT AGAIN
Girls In Hospital Tell Why
lhey Determined lo Go
To the Front . ;
' By William Q Shepherd '
(J 'nited Press staff correspondent)
Petrograd,' Aug. 2. Only fifty five
oi me wnnitt uauauon or women in
Russia's legion of death came through
their firt bat'le unscathed. But the
wounded, as well as those who escaped
are going back to the front.
Mme. Botchkncva, commander of tho
legion of death, suffering fTOiu shell
shock in a hospital near here, proudly
told the heroic story of her unit's fight
iug and today made this statement
Half a dozen other wounded girls in
the same hospital gave instant corro
' Wo have fought with men and with
women, ' ( ommander Botchkneva de
clared, "and oils' is as good as the oth
er, if he or Bhe loves the fatherland.
'My girls had been divided before
the battle. One half remained a unit
under my command and the other half
was distributed in small detachments
of six or ten to various companies.
These small units were to act as ammu
nition carriers only- My half was an
active fighting force. I ld thorn into
the charge mvself . ' ,
. Fifty Fiva Unhurt '
"Out of all our legion just fifty five
o.'t'he girls wore nwinjured." -.
"'Why' should womea anywhere in
tho world be surprised at our fighting?
interjected Lvodkia Minenkovia, for
merly a stewardess in the trans-Atlan
tic steamship service, who spoke good
English "I know American-. women
pretty well. If they knew the facta I
would not bo surprised to see tbem do
the same thing." .
I asked all of the Wohnded girls tb
tell me exactly why they fought.
"Russia needed me, so I quit high
school, " proudly responded protty
'Continued en Page Two.
Years of War
were taken in. the spring offensives.
But while Italy has been advancing
into Austria, she has been compelled
gradually to abandon the hinterland of
Tripolitania. Hostile Arab tribes in the
interior, backed with German-Turkish
money forced the retirement of the Ital
ian to a thin line along the coast.
In Albania the Savoyan army now
occupies a strip of territory between
the Adriatic and tho river Vojussa to
the northwest. Vallona, facing Brindisi,
is the principal Italian stronghld.
T,nl..n ....... .. 1. : iL.
I J-iajj s Jiuvjr uuo licneii ui sunn in me
year just past ftt least 40 Austrian and
German submarines. British "drifters"
have given valuable aid in this work. J
the Italian navy is just now coopernt
. ing effectively with British, , Japanese
(and French squadrons in the Mediter
ranean to sweep the seas clear of enc
I my submarines. Kina Victor's sailors
have given good account of themselves
m th one important naval engagement
of the year fur Italy that off Cattaro
nlthough they lost heavily.
The Italian flying corps, it is esti
mated, has dropped 75 enemy flyers in
the year. It has carried out frequent
raids over Austrian ports, including
These achievements have cost Italy
approximately $43,815,20,000 in a vear.
in a year. Nearly 1,000,000,000 of this
was spent on the army and $106,000,000
on the navy. The present monthly cost
of the is close to $225,000,000. Am
erica's financial aid has been of great
service in helping Italy to meet this
The German submarine campaign has
resulted in sky-rocketing living prices
in Italy and in consideraDle discomfort.
The situation, however, is far from ser
ious. I he cost of living ia now up near
!? " P 'SK. l.
Coal is almost prohibitive. That for the
ships, at seaboard is around $00 a ton.
American shoes, formerly $1 and $10
cost mora than $15 now. Sugar, butter
and flour are rarities. Heat is scarce.
But the Italian people do not appear
to be suffering in the least from their
Admittedly like voices crying in tne
wilderness, the Vatican organs persist I
their editorial campaigns for a Jpeedy I
- - - - - - - r " r '
and ust peace. Directly through hU
Rushing Work on
Meclo Park Buildings
Camp Fremont, Menlo. Park, ' Cal.,
Aug. 2. Fivj hundred skilled workmen
are hammering Camp Fremont towards
- Work started with about 100 men.
During the day there-was a procession
of automobiles down the peninsula with
more men and every train brought oth
ers. As the men arrived they were put
to work, even if there was but half
hour's time left, so insistent in the de
mand for early ' complotioa of - the
Because no common laborers were av
ailable, carpenters getting union wages
unloaded lumber from cars and . did
tho routsabout work.
SECOND LiDERTY LOAM
This Will Be Launched Nov
ember 15 Campaign Be
Washington, Aug. 2. The second lib
erty loan for $3,000,000,000 will be
launched November 15, treasury offi
cials said today. Before that time it is
planned to issue nearly billion dol
lars in treasury short time certificates
to meet immediate needs.
To sell tho second liberty loan bonds,
a campaign ig being planned which will
overshadow the organization and pub
licity which made the first bond issue
a great success.
A new feature in tho second bond
selling campaign will bo the women's
liberty loan committee. It has namcct
state chairmen and opened offices in
the treasury building hore.
Several million new posters and five
million liberty loan buttons have been
AND INSTRUCTS BOYS
Illustrates With Cane, Use of
" Bayonet Puts Snap In
By J. W. Pegler! '
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
With Tho American Expeditionary
Army, Aug. 2. With the momory of
thoir own commander in chief person
ally Bhowin 'em how it was done with
a cane, Pershing's Bantmieg went - at
bayonet practice today with an irresis
tablo vim. ,
Every man in camp "speeded up".
Very few there were who did not hear
the general's reiteratd phrass during
yesterday's day-long inspection "hur
ry upl More enap!" and did not heed
them today. ,
Major General Pershing frequently
voiced open criticism of ' unsoldierly
bearing of those in his ranks. The fact
that French officers were inspecting
with him did not make him hesitate to
single out individuals for rebuke. On
oho occasion he waited to see a sergeant
put a squad through the present, the
port and right shoulder arms and then
took matters into his own hands sharp
ly admonishing some of the Sammies
for inattention and gum-chewing. He
called a dozen from the ranks of ano
ther sloppy drilling detactonient to make
them stand at attention for five min
utes. Not even some officers escaped cri
ticism. In tho fac simile trenches training
camp the general demonstrated with
his cane just how tho British Tommies
thrusts to kill and went through all
the jabs, even showing how to pry
bayonet loose from a fallen opponent.
He also watched the strenuous train
ing of rookies as they charged straw
stuffed effigies representing the ene
my. Pershing found the billets of his
troops in a dozen different towns in
generally spick and span condition anil
once he remarked, apparently hungrily,
over the odor of peach pie.
It was learned a number of American
officers recently witnessed tho fashion
in which enemy aeroplanes were driven
off by "Archies" and were much im
pressed thereby; In camp tha Sammies
are disdainful of raiders,
WILL EMPLOY WOMEN
Chicago. Aug. 2. Marshall Field
company, big estate street store, today
announced tnat its iioor waiters wouin
be women hereafter. The draft, which
is depleting its male force, is responsi
ble for the change.
AGREE ON FOOD SURVEY BILL
Washington, Aug. 2. 8onate and
house conferees reached an agreement
on the food survey bill today after two
months discussion. It carries an appro
priation of $lo,000,000 for a food sur
vey, purchase of seeds and propaganda
work to increase production.
Nuncios it is reported Pope Benedict has
eeaseessly worned for a termination of
ON TRAINS A KB FTW8
BTANDS FIVE CENT
STIFLII HEAT IS
still mm OF
New York City Reports 165
Deaths and Over 5C3
"T OF KILLEG HEAT
Totai De&w : Sve SCO-
Weather Bureau Fcrcasts
New. York, Aug 2. The boat wave
which has held most of the country in
" B"H o'hco monuay, conunueu to
taJie a heavy, toll today, but there were
indications that it was abating and that
general relief might come .before the
end. of the week. .
Temperatures well up in the ninetius
were again reported trom moBr of tlx
eastern cities thiB afternoon. Ia the mid
dle west, however, there has been a de
cided drop. - .
Scores of deaths ' and hundreds of
prostrations were again Teported but
the toll was not as heavy as that tak
en yesterday. ,
The. total numbor of deaths through--out
the country mounted above the five
tions will treble this figure.
lu Aew lork the hichest tempera
ture up to .1:30 p. m. was 95. At that
hour, however,- the mercury dropped one
degree. A. Drcczo made tbs boat mora
A general movement to close exchan-r
es here Saturday was under way. A
special meeting o governors of the
New York- Stock Kxchauga was called
to act on a, petit ion for uh ar.tion.
TJ cof fee xehiigo was expected to
close and s similar petition wans being
circulated. On'-.tho cotton exchange, --
Boston, New York, Philadelphia and
nearby cities were the hottest in the.
MlnnLV lhl. ..lOTnAAH 1U.I - .1 .1 1
..... I , p .T .m.B I." ...ll. I, T ,J BI1UI-,
tinnnl rtonthw and .fnrtu- iJiit nwiaf rn.
tions hud been reported hore np to 1
p- m. . -'', -- - J -
Washington was the hottest city ia
the country this afternoon reporting
to. f- .
" Humidity is Great .
With nearly 150 tVersona dead and
ling heat wave that has hung over New "
fork since Sunday, the loeaJ weather
1 J ... I ,Jt ..1 .1... ! '..,-
uureau declared loony inere ih iiilio re
lief yet in sight.
The temperature at 8:30 today waa
SO, lower than yesterday's 9 a m, mart:,
hnt rhA fnrnrlLut.er .pvnrnnMdit iha Keliiir'
that yesterday's highest mark would
bo pressed closely today'
Aliivnr Mifchel hnn ordered the eitv a
parks thrown open to the suffering
thousands. As a result, Central Park's
giuns was uucxeu last; mguL wua bju-d-ing
forms. Coney Island and other near
by beaehes were also crowded.
A first aid station has been estab
lished in the subway station under the
municipal building. ,
Although the temporature at 30 .
ni. was SS, six degrees lower than yes
terday at the same hour, the humidity
was up 14 degrees. A maximum heat of
05 today is expected.
So great was the rush of men, wo
men and children about free iee and
milk stations today that extra polira
were put on duty. Whenever a sick in
fant was found in the tenements the
policeman gave tho mothor a card en
titling her to free mini ana iee.
tmn Deaths tration
Xew York 45
Syracuse, N, Y 04
Trenton, N. J. , fl-f
Cleveland, Ohio 75
Pittsburg , '.. f2
Ilarrisburg, Pa 94
Wilmineton, Del .... 9i
Buffalo. N. Y 74
Albany, N. Y. 02
St. Louis 87
Kansas Citv, Mo... 89
Elizabeth, N. ,.I OS
St. Paul ..'.. 71
(Continued oa Paga Two.)
THE WEATHER t
and Friday fair;
westerly -winds. ,
(get cusy V