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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (May 12, 1917)
-I!-!!.A"lY rAT'ITAI' JOt!RyAU SALEM. OREGON', SATfTmiv vav 12 19,7
I V M
nfs or Home Gardeners;
Contact Sprays for Aphids
Washington, I. c May U. Accord
lug to !HciaUstB ia the 1'. 8. Depart
n.eut of Agriculture, contest spravs arc
the only effective ,neans of controlling
the- vaiioii kind, of aphids, the small
insects which l.r -feeding uin t!.
M jiiicea of the plants do much damage to, ate of lead spray employed ia th
j! aphids do not eat the plant tissues but! K0, X m ",l" be ,n
i B. Chase
FROM THIS HIGH GRADE LIST YOU SHOULD CER
TAINLY BE ABLE TO MAKE YOUR SELECTION".
WE HAVE ALSO SEVERAL USED PIANOS AND PLAY
ER PIANOS, ALL IN PERFECT CONDITION WHICH
WE HAVE TRADED IN AND WILL SELL FOR EXACT
AMOUNT ALLOWED FOR, IF TAKEN BEFORE THEY
ARE SHIPPED IN.
THIS IS AN EXCEPTIONAL OPPORTUNITY- TO SE
CURE A HIGH GRADE PLAYER AT A VERY LOW COST
ALL INSTRUMENTS SOLD ON THE EASIEST TERMS.
WE CARRY THE LATEST JAZZ - RAG . SELECTIONS
ALL INSTRUMENTS SOLD CARRY
Sherman Clay &
mm I i ii jL aljii v330
548 Court Street
eg- O.lMi per cent of actual nicotine.
Nicotine may be added either to the
winter strength Line sulphur solution
used for the San Joae Male, or to the
dilute lime-sulphur solution and areea-
drain the sap from them the various I 'aux mixture or in arsenate of lead
ttinns of sprays containing stomach i a"'' "tcr spray. This i ft great ad
poisons, such as Paris green, arsenate vlln,affr the orchardist in
of lead, etc.. re ineffvrtivo. T d. to spray oeainst several noara aimii-
any good the sprays must come in con-1 taneously. It must he remembered,
tact with the bodies of the insects and oevor, that although the addition of
(treat tharoughness in spraying is there- j "'"P wwh to the spreading power
fore necessary. and efficiency of the nicotine spray,
There are n large number of differ- '""P niU8t nt be u?cd with limc-Bul-ennt
kinds of aphids, one or more of 'l'Bur solution.
which may attack almost every form i 8'S0 comparatively simple
of orchard and bush fruit. For the ; matter to make nicotine sprays at home
most part, however, the same measures ! tobacco stems or refuse tolnacco are
of control are applicable to all the
sM-cies. uite a number of the aphid
A HATE BONO
By Barton Braley. - -W
enter ir.io coolhct i . .
To meet the test of fata
And aa we jola is battle
(Kir heart are filled with hate
(irim hate that will not falter
I'util our task i Jon
(Tot hate that will not a!tr
I'ntil. Our fight is won.
We do not hate our foenten
Whose brains with hate are black
We only hato the horror
They wreak along our track,
We only hate the madness
With which their blows are harlcd.
The ruin and the aaduese
They've wrought upon the world.
secies winter in the egg stage on the
plants which they attack in the follow
ing spring. These may be controlled
successfully by spraying when the buds
first show- green tips of the foliage. In
this way the first brood of the insects
is killed and insurance is obtained
against injury later in the season. Ad
ditional .spraying may, however, be
necessary if the infestation is severe.
The importance o early bud spraying is
greatest with those species of apids
whose nttacks result in curling the
leaves of the plants on which they
feed. This curling serves to protect
the insects to a considerable extent
from the contact spray. Those species
which do not curl the leaves are more
easily controlled by sprays after it is
noted that they are becoming numerous.
Nicotine has been found to be one of
the most etfectivo substances for kill
ing aphids, and as it may be applied
with entire safety to plants it is pos
sibly the best suited of all the sub
stances used, in the control of these in
sects. The cost of the concentrated
article is high, but as it may be greatly
diluted the actual cost of applying the
sprav compares favorably wifh that
of other contact spravs;
mcrcial preparations the 40 per cent
nicotine sulphate is the solution in most
common use. Weaker grades may be
used if care is taken that the spray is
made up to contain not less than 0.0")
i available. In the home manufacture of
the solution, however, it is difficult to
determine the exact strength of the
decoction ince the various kinds of
tobacco refuse vary greatly in their
nicotine content. In a new publication j
Farmers' Bulletin 804, a table showing
the number of pounds of different
kinds of tobaceo refuse needed to make
nicotine solutions of the right strength
is given. In this connection it is point
ed out that the steins from which the
extract has been made have a value for
fertilizing purposes of about $10 a ton.
With tobacco refuse and stems costing
about $20 a ton, the spray solution can
be made for approximately 1 cent a
gallon, the fertilizer value of the ex
tracted refuse covering the cost of
labor, etc' The sprays should be made
up as they are needed, for fermentation
begins within a day or two.
Washes made of fish-oil or laundry
soap are also effective against aphids,
and are especially suitable for use on a
small scale- The fish-oil soap of dif
ferent brands on the market varies
greatlv in water content, so that the
precise quantity of soap to be used
with a given amount of water will
We hate the ruthless )wer
That drives them forth to slay,
ni l.-i'That makes them blood blind servant
enauieai i .v . . .
Their crimes shall long outlive them
And yet we hold this true '
That they may God forgive them
Know not the things they do, )
We do not hate onr foemen
And yet we go to war
Hating the monstrous evil
That they are fighting for,
The vast and frenzied passion
That seem insatiate,
And we shall battle onward
fill hate bi.U conquer hate.
fish oil or laundry soap, 12 pound;
water, 1 gallon.
In view of the increasing damage to
apples from the various kinds of aphid
the publication already mentioned.
Fanners'. Bulletin 804, states thftt th
annual bud spraying of apple orchard
appears to be a good practice, and if
continued ovr a series of years would,
no doubt, pirove profitable. The black
cherry aphis also cause decided curl
ing of foliage on cherry tree and
should, therefore, be destroyed aa soo
as the buds are breaking. The several
aAids which occur on the plum, and
the green peach aphis, do not curl the
foliage to the same extent as do eom
of the apple aphids, and it usually -frill
be found satisfactory to spray, the
trees after there are indications that
these insects are abundant- Where the
insects have proved troublesome regn
larly, however, spring spraying may be
desirable. In the case of currants and
gooseberries it is especially important
to spray as the shoots are pushing out,
the insects will soon be pro-
for morniug tddress. "A Famous Moth
ers' Meeting." Christian Endeavor
meeting at 0:30 p. m. Pleasant Sunday
evening service at 7:30 o'clock.. Song
service, special music by chorus ehoir,
Miss Margaret Garrison, winner of tho
intercollegiate, oratorical contest at Mc
Minnville, will deliver her oration, "A
New Reconstruction. " Everybody in
vited and everybody welcome. Thurs-
! clay evening meeting at 7:30.
Salem. Oregon "
vary uiso. n.anuwu-. ui, uUx,r., ----- fnrted foliaae.
Of the com-i are required by the federal insecticide x. on later in the w
Act of 1910 to state on the label the MW - , 7 diMcted MP.
amount, of active increc bents, in this ?" "M. T . ,i"
case soap, and ' of inert ingredients.
This will enable purchasers to make up
a solution which should range from 1
pound of soap for 5 gallons of water
to 1 pound for 7 gallons, depending up
on the amount of water present in the
soap. As has been already said, soap
should not be added to lime-sulphur
solution. Nor should lime-sulphur so
lution be added to kerosene emulsion.
This last may be used, against aphids
at the rate of 1 gallon to 7 or 8 gal
lons of water. Tho stock solution for
this purpose is made according to the
following formula: Kerosene, 2 gallons;
ward to wet the insects on me woti
side of the leaves.
A detailed-description-of -the char
acter and seasonal history of the more
important. of the aphut species is given.
in the bulletin already mentioned.
MOTHER GRAY'S POWDERS n
BENEFIT MANY CHILDREN
- Thoitsandsof mothers have found Mot tier U nit
Sweet Powders an excellent n-raedjr for eMMreu
complaining of headache, colds, fcverishneM.etoro
ach troubt and bowel irreirularittej from 2
children aoffer during these dayt. Tneaepow
are easy and pleaaant to take an 11t.r"n"!
are ceompliW by tkeir u-e. Vud by
m yeart. jjoldby Druggms everywhere, it cent.
II I II II I I I I I I I ttt"'" !
""-- ' f
A Full Line of
Men's Work Shoes
: A Full Line of
Boy's Deer Shoes
'-mfinwninirinaaiMiM si mi t a mam
m kufi dat SJ- nZ. h m i ? 2 1 2 5 Z m HT"
H IBWi SUf W 1BW Wff
Sals ibak Sat mmm tkl M faM aW Im
:L Hi1" Pricea for fro'ts
wgetablei are those asked by
; Jo esaler of the retailor, and
: at is paid to the producer.
prices are those paid the
.- Corrections are made
f a general downward ten-
7 11 Ir"t market, whoievnlo
loinmis. It is
year for lemons to
HP 111 llli.-f nn.l nl,.,.n,l,.
Streilgtlieil'uur j,, flip innrkt
"' nun' of
112 ainl i,tli.,,.
rket is weak. '
S ton -
1 1' ton" :
' fwiiii ."'
Lettuce, California, era to $-
Onions, lieniiuda, eiule ro.LT)
Celerv, erute $2
Califtirnia tomatoes $2.75
Asparagus .. 40c
Applet . .. 50c$l
Ornno-cs. navels $2rti)3.25
Lemons, per box $3.754.00
California srane fruit .... $3.50
Florida grnpe fruit $5.506.50
Cocoanuti - $1.15
Crennierv butter 4."c
Cnnntrv' flutter 40c
Kirns, dozen - 35c
Sugar, enne ; : $9.10
Snear. beet . S-SU
Veal ana ivrtiftn-
:,,r '-J .l-4Gi- .14 3-4
Klour, hard wheat
' Porlland, Or., May 12. Wheat:
Hub $2.S .
Ke.l .Russian $2.90 '
Fortyfokl $2.S9 ...
Oats, No. 1 white feed $-12.73
Hurley, feed $o2.50
. Hut tor, . city creamery 38(5 39c
F.nR-s, selected local ex. 32(ii 33c
Hens 17( 18c
Hroileis 20e .- ' ' '
Fnrtlnnd. Or.. Mnv 12. Cattle, re
ceipts 497. Market steady- Liyht steers
1 1 (Si 11 .25 : ' heavy steers $ 1 Ofa1 10.nl) ;
u iMi., in -!) heifers 9((( 10.
Sheop receipts 93. Market
p.oi- nnvt nf uimintniii vearlinsrs $1-HH:
i...iinv lmnlis $12(5! 1 3: wethers
$ll.r0C 12; ewes $11(5)11.1)0.
Hog receipts 2l!7. Market
Heavv $.I5..X 1"."3; I'S1'1
Dennis Eucalyptus Ointment
AT ALL OBOQ TOBCS
(Continued from page two.)
Op. 22. Orchestra pails ou the organ
by Ur. Cliace.
One of the gayest festivities of the
week was tlie informal hard times par
ty given last night by the Crusade r
class of tho Jason Lee church, com
posed of boys, for the junior D. J.
AI s, a class ot girls.
The affair was given m tho church
and was the result of a contest m
which the airls were the winners.
Cames ami several onymal features
rounded out a merry evening. Later
refreshments were seved.
Those participating in the festivity
w-oro the Misses Sybil Smith, .loseplinic
Sevinour. Lilv Sha'efer, Myrtle lioecroft
tJerdldino Collins, Kuby Fox, Margaret May
Collins, Kuth Dawson, Jlarnett liising
ston, Marion Roberts, Wilma Jngalls
and Mrs. .1. Frank Ihinlap, toucher of
the P. V. M. 's: Irving Huberts, Gordon
Shaofer, Carl lteocroft, Kobert Xotson,
Vernon Tyler and Horace h'alisnopi.
teacher of the Crusaders.
The Ciffilon Hour sewing club met
at the home of Mrs. .John r. nire in
Myers street Thursday aitonioon-
A very interesting paper was lean
bv Mrs. Herman SliellDorg on vmius
informal gathering in her honor Mon
day night, Miss Anderson outlined the
emergency work which the association
in the Failed Stales will be called up
on to do in case of pressure in the pres
ent war situation. Miss Anderson spoke
of the work which was being done in
other countries, and in our own on the
border, and emphasized that all associa
tions be ready to take their part tn
whatever emergencies arise. Miss Ail'
derson left for 1'ortland Tuesday to
continue her work.
Mrs. Frances Whitehead has taken
iili her residence at the Y. VY. C. A.
Hiiring the month of April 390 ten
cent lum-lies were served in the cafeter
ia, and l-'iii five cent lunches.
A business girls class in first aid, un
der the direction of Or. Morse who has
given his services in the cause of the
Red Cross, was organized at the Y. V.
O. "A. Friilav night. The class will moot
Mondav evening at 7:30, beginning
21st. A class in preparation or
surgical supplies will begin work Mon
ilav at 7 o'clock at the post office un
der the direction of Mrs. 11. K. Clay.
After the first meeting the class will
meet regularly Friday evenings at 7
o'clock. Those interested in enrolling
in Mrs. ('lav's class telephone Miss
New members ami renewals are Mrs.
,I.'C. Moreland, Mrs; James Klvin, Mrs.
.los. 11. -J'almer, Mrs. A. L. Brown, Miss
Kin il v l'almer, Miss Lizzie Haines, Miss
.! .,...:!, r,c finn T TVnrce.
nf OrOL'Oii ' 1 I'oronn i i.u. . ,
An auxiliary of the Kod Cross was, Mrs. C. 11- Robertson, Mrs. Lngema
or-i nie and' hereafter the afternoons, (iillingham. Miss V irgiu.a Wee lite r,
wm irspeut sowing for Red Cross. Miss Bertha K.l wards, Miss Lors .lory,
The lios ess was assisted in serving .Mrs. .1. N. Smith, Mrs. Johu bho and,
rcfrotbmei tH lv Mrs. Homer ingroy.l Mrs. S. C. Stone Mm. L S. a,ll.ng-
Tho o c. oving tho al'toruoon wore.ihasf. Miss (Irace loung, Miss Florella
,ri r T- .h. Mrs. Fred Ellts. Fhillips, Miss Hvelyn Woods, Miss Ariel
1S. IVT Vr- Hn...er Tmfrev.'tn -ve. Miss Anna Fischer, Mrs. Kuby
Mrs A. B. Poole, Mrs. A. A. Sieworr, 11.
r'.' ii.,n ssiiellberu-. Mrs. Claire K.
Vibbort Mark McCallister and tl.cj.T. J. i'nrtiss, Mrs A, A Lee, Miss Mor-
Yiboirt, Cinvthoin, Miss Allene IhghMiSs
Kennedv. Mrs. i'
AI Croisan. Mrs.
W. Durbin, Mrs.
M. G. Blair, Mrs.
Inice Bell, -liSR iviniuoa r,. nieueii,
;Miss Laura A. Vantis, Miss Hazel H
!Todhunter, Mrs. F. il. Thompson, Airs.
R. M. Hofer. -Mrs. n. x. num.
it!.,. i.-M(lior Anderson, one of Hip W
James Klvin, pastor. Sunday school
meets promptly at 10 o'clock, W. I. Sta-
lev. suuerniU-iiiiciii. Morning
service at "
rotaries of the .national uoaui, "u .... ..i.-.-yed t this service. Music
. .1....,,.!, the iinrinwesi u. .r - , . .
t -r 'ni l I. tr i uii.ii ... -----
:....i.i nf f.iieiL'ii worn, was
. nuuncintioii on Monday
Are Made of the Best
Grade of Leather
Solid Oak Soles and full stock uppers. Good inner-soles,
counters and toe boxes. AH union
made and we Guarantee Every Pair.
We have them in all styles and leathers, button,
blucher and bals.
$4.00, $5.00, $6.00, $6.50 and $7.00
' n cuest ! morning and evening by chorus choir.
.-. At nn Uvm. McClili-hrist, Sr., director. Subject-
A FULL LINE OF MEN'S TENNIS SHOES AND OXFORDS.
A FULL LINE OF BOYS' TENNIS SHOES AND OXFORDS
TUBCS 2SC JAR860C