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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (April 10, 1917)
f M f M t I I I I
OVER 4100 DAILY
i i s a
FULL LEASED l
FORTIETH YEAR NO. 86
SALEM, OREGON, TUESDAY, APRIL 10, 1917
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAIXS AND
STANnS F1VB CENTS
EH I1EV7 YORK
HIIS MIHE WHEII
Only One of Y, Bulkheads
BrokenNo K gers
MAOUTHAtf TD AMD CUTL
FOUND CARRYING MINES
Germans Have Submarine Re
leasing Mines So Tide
Sweeps Them In
New York, April 10. Officials of the
International Mercantile Marine re
ceived cabled reports of the mining of
the American liner New York, stating
thiit all passengers had been landed at
o British port.
"The damage," nn official said, "ac
cording to our cable message, was con
fined to hold No. 4, which is one of
tho ship's 15 watertight conipnt-incuts-
Evidently the bulkhead system
of the ship worked perfectly."
. ... i... ..num. ... ..r -"-m
i.. .,.. A.. a i;,... tit
J .runs, just arrived, mouglir. word or
extraordinary German activity and dar
ing in sowing mines off the entrance to
It is to one of these that the New
York must have fallen victim, since
ulie was probably proceeding under pilot
tit the time she was struck as the Bri-ti.-.h
pilots arc carefully apprised of the
location of the British mine fields.
Passengers on the St. J.ouis told of
how Merman mines had been scattered j
just before the St. Louis sailed on her
outbound trip by a Norwegian tramp
vessel. British patrol shifts finally de-
cidcd the Norwegian was suspicious,
erlmuled her, found mines aboard and,
siccordiiiH to reports, promptly took the
captain and crew ashore for execu
tion. , ' .. . .
Tht mine sweepers under control of
the British Admiralty, swoop the chan
nel clean of these menaces to naviga
tion several times daily, but the Ger
nmiis have perfected a submarine mine
layer and have succeeded in releasing
floating jacks of explosive undetected.
The favorite German trick heretofore
1ms been to release o large number of
final ing mines at that time when the
tide will sweep them in toward the in
jier harbors and into the deep channels.
Arrived Under Own Steam.
Washington, April 10. The American
liner New York struck a mine last night
while outside Liverpool bar but her
j iixengers are safo and she is now
entering the dock, according to a state
il- nrtment cablegram today. '
The message said:
"Tim American liner New York
struck mine at 7:40 p. in. last night,
miles outside Livei pool' T.ii'r. pas
veiig-ers.trahsti'rre.1 to other -vessels-ana
'landed.' except four' st ill. ou .filili). ""N't
-casualties. Proceeding down' stream.
Ntnv entering dock."
"The4 message, came from Consul Wash
ington, at Liverpool. -
TliCNew.York is a ste'd screw stenni
or yf ,-ip,7W'8 tons, .built in l SSS. by- 4.
&,j!.jTh unison, of "Glasgow, and owned
ly'ffl.i iiitoiviatioiiul Mercantile '.Marine
company. '(the American line). The ves
sel k.o17 feet in length and, 00" feet
beaiii.; 'She' is' registered at the port of
N,.-- York.-' . . .
..;T,lie.l New -York- was the third armed
passenger ship of the American lino to
w.iir ; The.tft. i.iniis,' the first, ret u rued
yesterday.--The St. Paul is now on the
ot lier side- i-
The New, York carried seven Amer
icans. Her passenger list included 15
first,. 22 second and third class pas-!
schgers.' ;'i'" ,,: " j
! ABE MARTIN
. . ' . , V - - '
"VYhon Wilbur Moots' teacher asked
liim t' name three national holidays
he said, "State Fair week, Christmus
an' Th' Follies." What's become o' th'
de time mother that used t ' say. " Well,
I expect we'd better be'puttin' long
drosses on F.mmy"
Br "O. M."
Thoughts on Taking a Bath.
One doesn't realize, until one
gets in a bath tub, bow incon
veniently the middle of one'i
back is arranged. You can't
climb up over your ahoulderi
with wash rag and get at it.
You can't dart under your arm
pita and tiike it by surprise. You
cannot in nny satisfactory man
ner reach it. It is inaccessible.
Homebody inveuted a brush
once that you could attach to a
handle ami send out after the
middle of your back with a load
of .surplus soapsuds. But either
the brush Klips off, or the
handle is there and the brush is
Unquestionably, someone blun-
S? , dcTed in locating the middle of
, man 'aback- hy couldn 't it be
abolished .We don't tise it for
anything but to lean against,
FORMAL NOTICE OF
Only Ground Given Is That
United States Is At War
With Her Ally
Washington, April 10 Austria broke
with the United States be
cause of this country's announcement
of war state with Germany, Charge
Grew of the American embassy at Vi
enna, cabled the state department to
day. Grew's message was the first word
of the break to come to this govern
ment direct from Vienna.
The message said:
"Minister of' foreign affairs has .just
inlorined me that, the diplomatic
Prions between the United States and
Austria-Hungary are broken and has
handed me passports for myself ami
the members of the embassy. He states
ov-'that we ui'av leave the monarchy at our
'convenience and that every possible
courtesy will be extended, Am tele
graphing consuls to arrange their af
fairs and proceed to icnna with a
view to leaving for Switzerland if pos
sible at end of week.
"Following is translation of text of
note handed me by minister:
"'Imperial and Royal Ministry of
the Imperial and Royal house of for
eign nf fairs. Vicuna, April 8:
" 'Since the United States of Amer
ica have declared a state of war ex
ists between it and the. Imperial Ger-!
man government, Austria-Hungary, as
ally of the (Ierninn empire, has decided
to break off the diplomatic relations
with the United States and the Imper
ial and Royal embassy in Washington
hn been instructed to inform the de
partment of state to that effect -"
'While regretting under these cir
cumstances to state a termination of
the personal relations which he has hail
the honor to hold with Cargo D'! Af
faires of the United tSates.of America.
tlnr undcrsigncsUrfnes. 'nof'fait- to-' place.
at v trivfonmM' V diHposnl 'lirc'itl1'';
r":Z-..T .. . 'W-.til
' ' ' Af the saiu.e tin,ie:;tlji,VU)dersignerin ljivfor'rf;.'!jd.,'other., nearb7 ...ejries,"' af
ails liinisdC of itliy'i'pftor.UiwtKjJ toi rWiftriflluib'v".thei. (Ternian'-AtHc'ri-
renew to .tlie charCj'.jl 'af fti iros ,1 lie. ;.exjX;jr'ir w;aiv't"ijriiOii;.at once to the- aid'.of
pression of his"inosf "peffctjciinsidera: city', all nurses and physi-
tion. ' " ''. -'" ' 'jT-r' ' J-"-"' '. i e inns.' answering at once.
YIELD TO PRESSURE
Use War Vessels In
Transporting Coal She
Says As a Bluff
By Charles P- Stewart.
(United Press staff correspondent.)" '
Buenos Aires, April 10. Argentine is
'determined not to yield to British and j
American pressure for lilting or her
i embargo on wheat, unless it is abso-1
Mutely necessary. Today feeling against j
i Great Britain reached an acute stage
when knowledge of an acrimiuous cou-
feronce between President lrigoyen and
" the British minister, Sir Reginald Tow-1
er, reached the public. " j
President lrigoyen today despatched
an Argentine transport vessel to 1 hue
to purchase coal. He was also negotiat
ing for a 'supply of this fuel from Co
lombia nnd there was official intima
tion that the entire Argentine navy
might be assigned to cany coal in this
It was admitted that unless Argen
tine is thus able to obtain coal with
holding of such fuel by England and
the United States would practically
paralyze all industry.
While the United States apparently
is supporting England in applying pres
jsurc it was known today that Ameri
' lean Ambassador Stinison does not agree
(entirely with Sir Reginald Tower on
the facts in the case. Stinison is in-
clined to agree and has to reported to
Washington that Argentine may have
cause, on account of the shortage of j
her wheat crop, for putting an embargo
on the grain, to prevent the country
(Continued oa riage six.)
101 MB 200
Nine Buildings Worth Millions
Shattered bv Terrific
BODIES SO MANGLED
.BUT ONE IS IDENTIFIED
Ground Torn Up As Though
On War Front-Supposedly
Chester, Pa., April 10. Thousands
of pounds of explosives intended to
main Europe's soldiers today were
touched off in some unknown fashion
and reaped a horrible harvest of death
among young girls and women.
More than one hundred employes of
the Baldwin Locomotive Works' muni
tions plant, mainly girls employed in
tilling shrapnel cases, were missing
In1e tins . atternoon. Bits of charred
bodies scattered over an inclosure of
great extent and resembling a Euro
pean battlefield in the great craters
torn out of the earth by the heavy ex
plosians made it difficult to ascertain
the exact death list.
An official (statement late this after
noon trom Coroner White ot Chester
said- 101 were known to be dead. A!!
the bodies had then been taken from
Although this number- of dead was
officially reported, it. was impossible
to secure the names because the bodies
were all so badly charred it was im
possible to ascertain in many cases
even .whether they were men or wo
men. Coroner White stated that there was
only one woman who had been taken
from the wreckage that could ever
posstbly be identified. -
Two hospitals wore filled with in
jured. The list will reach nearly two
hundred. Many cannot live. Their bod
ies were torn and twisted by the heavy
explosions or burned by the terrific
heat, their features blackened and well
Anguishing scenes occurred around
the site of the explosion. Armed guards
by wild rumors ot German,
plots and determined to search out the
truth of such rumors, coldly flung
back weeping relatives of those known
to have been employed in the plant
where the explosion occurred." '
Shaken As by Earthquake
.....The cries of the sorrowing ones rose
nil. afternoon above the sound of- in-'
termittcnt popping of: shell's?-. .--V":
. Oeaiimally---g''ffrdS wbntfU bring jutj
11,11 (V --.lILfl Ul 11V.-U IJI llllU'H'lnL.Ul-U:
'. ri 1 f!v' i'nju rei,!, ,..sur v ir irs. : "j i .
- Tvavlio5pi'tals lho CTbainr-- and tho
. tJi.i:.V..; ' e xv:,
.Tlie-w. explosion was the most violent
fliid llic most horrible of any of the
niuiiMons catastrophes that, have oc
curred in America.
- Philadelphia was shaken as if by an
Thre distinct explosions occurred be
fore the full mass of the deadly mater
onn i.niinino- MY A fire started
jnt once, its riames ongumng xue lew
ll,;l survived till1 stunillltl PIlOC k ot i
" So manv of the victims who survived
are unconsciouu or delirious from their
injuries and so many of the dead were
literally burned crisp that it mav bo
several daw before a complete list is
available - '
For a time the authorities forcibly
(Continued on page three.)
r -v DWy .muMmftf "T
THE NEW SUPERDREADXAUGHT XEW MEXICO TO BE LAUNCHED IV THE P.KOOKLYX NAVY
t .NEWEST TYPE BATTLE SHIPS
GIVES UP ITS CLAIM
I'etrograd, April 10. The pro
visional government today an
nounced relinquishment of its
. claim for Russia on Constanti
nople as part of the price of
peace, as previously stated by
the bureaucratic regime.
The -proclamation specif ically
"The government deems it
duty to declare that free Russia
does not aim at domination of
other nations, cor the occupation
by force of foreign territory.
"Russia does not lust for
strengthening of her power
abroad at the expense of other
n at inn i.
"The government does not
aim to rubjugate or humiliate
"These principles constitute
the basis of its foreign policy."
Washington, April 10. Repre
sentative Henry T. Helgeseu. of
North Dakota, republican, died
of appendicitis this afternoon,
it was announced at the capitol
He had lieen ill several days.
Helgcsen was perated on for
appendicitis two weeks ago.
Blood poisoning subsequently set
in and death came shortly after
TURKEY IS NEXT
Washington, April 10 Tur
key is expected to follow the
course of Austria and break re
lations with the United States
All preparations for meeting
this new development are being
made by this government. It was
stated today that in event of- a
break, Ambassador Elkus at
Constantinople would probably
have to returu home on the gun
boat Scorpion, now lying out
FROM ENDS OT EARTH
San Francisco. April 10.
Read Admiral Robert E. Peary,
who discovered the North l'ole,
will ' appear on the platform
with Lieutenant Sir Ernest
Shaekletcn, R. N., when the lat
ter lectures here today on his
experiences in the Antarctic.
Shackleton announced that he
would di liver a few lectures be
fore sailing for En glan.d where,
he will return to 'fluty in the :
British navy... "
'.jje. . ":
.' ., - ',-',-,, , j. - . -
.?' ecfrt-WoWwaii 1Stt:t ''VT
" "Madison,' Wis'.",' April IX).'--
With ' l)urC'ne""crissenting. voii'i.',.'.'
,the''Wis'oT(iin as'scinblv toda.y : ,
,ai3sedthe"''st;ite council -tor do-
f'nVio liill r,t'iivimiirr fnr'n ir-nin-
'.' ' ;. .. - . 4 -
ot -li' citizens, selected.
.'from all' walks 'of life'.".. til mobil
ize . Wisconsin . . military - and
naval resources'. The bill vfas
then rushed to the senate,
where it was passed, 1J2 to t). It.
now goes to the governor, who
will sign it.
will sign it.
SENATE FOR SUFFRAGE
Madison, Wis.. April 10. Taking 1 he
' n.,nnt. r,; ,.-,,miii Huffman l,v snr-
; ; t
Wisconsin senate today passed
suspension of rules, 20 to 1'J,
i under a suspension of rules, M to i -
j the Skogino bill, providing for a state -
i wide vote on full suffrage for women in
November. HIIS. The bill now goes to
i Klamath Falls will elect five conn -
cilmen May .. but so lar no interest
is taken in the election "on account:
! of the war."
':;:.J'.:'j till -'.'. :. i ':'?:' ?i' jv I W&i .' ; ii-i J
At. 1 '1 , J ' " "" 4 ' ' e ' J "
STEADILY ON III
Congressional Committee Is
Busy On Spy Bills and
CABINET MEETING HAS
MANY GRAVE PROBLEMS
Chairman Kitchin Says H;
Will Rush All War.
j By Robert J. Bender.
(I'uited Press staff correspondent)
Washington, April 10 War work
! ground steadily along in all govern
ment departments today.
Congressional committees were busv
on soy bills, the $",000,000,000 bond
issue and preparation of the army bill.
Colonel Theodore Roosevelt furnish
ed the only relief from the drab back
ground of war preparation. With a
broad smile and his usual alacrity, he
bounded up the white house steps to
"talk a little business' with President
Wilson and incidentally set the news
papermen and white house employes
"on their ears ' for a time.
The colonel laid before the president
the details of his plan to send a vol
unteer division to the European battle
front. The president doubtless "in his
own due time'' will render a decision,
he said, when he came out.
Before meeting with; his cabinet,
'resident Wilson took a little time to
exert pressure on Representative An
thony, republican opponent to the con
scription bill in tho house military af
fairs committee. Secretary Baker had
already spent the morning with the
committee at the capitol arguing in
favor of the bill.
No Longer Opposes It
Representative Kitchin, chairman of
the house ways and means committee,
returned to town and announced his
willingness to handle all war measures
in spite of his stand against war. Mis
opposition ended, he said, with the
passago of the war resolution. ...
He called his committee together this
afternoon to. take up the bond issue
bill and- it was the intention to report
i the bill out late today, introduce-'
into tho. house tomorrojvaiHWpttss it
some time iu"oTiy.--'" " -v
bouir uuiHt -developed. . luftHvWh
among- republicans. n A'dPmTtfra t sjhh -fc
result ,ol.ui bVmg u let in. rfffjRQtTi'ivv-
e' - allUinistraUiit - tiiVati neltaf
Usim of win nr.ii;Pt
kthc trovci'nment.-lts -brrffl TFnMws"wv'
rTt'omrltt -tnrciWv to. the , iroirfj inAl .
T. news -of the day.
--e 1 - A',,,. , i;, Vow Viirl ..Irili
in. inc.: --.'' ') -:f
j - Baldwin Locomotive . inn nit itiu 'wpri
Iblowft .up., by explosion';' ,..' " : '''., -i.v-W
.. Clu-rge drew nt Vienna-, otfu inllv rv-
norts breaking of relations by AuxU,m.:
l , . . ...' ; -j - y
Cabinet Met Today
Washington; April "10. The 'cabinet
i meeting today on the fifth (lav ot the
i war. had to consider:
. : The Austrian break.' : - " .
.' Opposition with..congrcss 'tin ithc'.hil1
i minis-ration war mcusiires, and: '
The announced plans for finuncint!
i Perhaps the most serious proposition
j before the cabinet today was that of
.coiu'ressiounl opposition to the select
re ( onsciiption niea. .ongress, insieaf!
of liiceiing the emergency quickly and
iunfaPe - iiigly, is hesitating.
; Wilson himself luta attempted prolinb
ly successfully to stem the nnti-draf'.
'spirit within the military committer
j However, the general view today
, whn that this revolt agninst the ad-
ministration plans would cr c
(Continued on page six.)
11 VORK IDS
Wni Take Stock of
I'OTtUnd, Or., April 10. A caavsss
of all the wool in the northwest ware
houses, similar to the canvases now be
ing made in eastern wool centers, will
be undertaken bv the government. Lo-
jcal wool men declare today that gov
ernment control of the wool trade, in
cluding .me arourary - regulation o:
prices is not far distant.
Because of the great amount of wool
required for sailors' and soldiers uni
forms, - blankets and various other
items, the government is expected to
be in the market for all or nearly all
the wool produced in this country this
year. It is understood here that the gov
eminent proposes to commandeer all
the wool it needs. All that remains will
jthen be sold for domestic consumption
out me government, it is believed, will
fix tbw prices.
Wool growers in the -northwest de
clare their willingness to turn over
their crop to the government at a reas
Confirmation of Story of Sink
mg Bravilian Ship Stirs
By H. B. Robertson,
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Rio de Janeiro, April 10. War
loomed as more likely than, more
diplomatic rupture between Brazil and
Germany today. The city seethed with
demand for instant hostilities. Foreign
Minister -Midler was reported to have
resigned with other members of the
It was understood passports for the
German minister and the German con
sul hud already been signed, ready for
President Bra.' decision to take this
step followed a formal report from the
Brazilian minister in Paris corroborat
ing in full the story of the captain of
the Brazilian steamer Parana as to the
circumstances of the sinking of that
vessel by a German U-bont. Every de
tail of the original story, including the
unwarned attack, the firing of shells
on tho sinking vessel, the deaths of
three Brazilians by the explosion of the
torpedo and the twelve hours of suf
fering in open boats endured by the
survivors many of them wounded
was said to have been fully confirnwsdr
It is expected that Switt4a'ntl".wouTd
assume charge of Hrti;rilfoff Interests in
MTInst-er of Marine
?, roil a crmmWWwWT
prjVffWtJM find rfTirV!N TuJI TV' ' . e -
in'-fKloim n.a.iv'.ifttccfs.blKeHUH'h... ','-i- " ,
(if rniHnv .tves -adililii'ijirLriro vocation.. ' , .j,c--r ...
-Tin puUio, on tUi'n tli.i lMiid;todav ' g, fotnts Tak?n J v
.4iiiltetly tftga rrlifl. i1.,'?.mW"ma,tic, :;'I0.j .riUrin.&fuhkVrJ,m,lZ'A::.w ;.i ':--
t I - " '
, ''. i 'i - "
Says He Wanted To See About
- , . -
ROOSEVELT . CALtS OH
Kaising a umsion ior t . dead..". , : ,
. .. . 1 . Hepulsc of all German counter at- ;
' '" . SftrVlCe ' ' - ! Itllks in severe fighting on the' Viruy ,
.-',;',., 4 'lulge was also reported by Haig. ' ' .
,' ', .. .v. - . 1,.,.. 1 " I here was severe fighting during .
Wushmgt,,. ..I 10 - hx n g nnrlhcru end of Vi.ny
i, ::'",',', w ;;'; .TOaa ,
joiifereiice'.'- with-J'real.te.it. Vilso. to-.he eaHtcrn elope wps cleared and
f1.jy ... ..' ; counter att icks repulsed. . - - ,
"iewuntcd,1o outline. in detail Ilia! " neighborhood of St. . Quen- -'
plain, for sending a division .of 't enty ;ni, ' ' the repert continued ' the ene.nr
thousand 11101, to .t'rance and upon lenv-: was driven from tho -high .ground b- .
ing iho white-. Iimtw expressed the opiu , een LeVurguier, and Hargicourt. , , . -ion"
that Presidi'iit '. Wilson'.. wotibl fen-1 . " , .
(Continued ; on page two.)
- ' '.Vy'i:-.;,--'!'
Copyright (Antral News Service;
OX AI'EIL 23. SHE IS OXE OF OUR
GREAT SMASH IS
MADE BY BRITISH
Haig Drives Wedge TErcuiS
Four Systems of Strong
9,000 PRISONERS TAKEN
AND DRIVE UNCHECKED
A Small Advance Will Place
German Flank In Grave
By William Philip Simms.
(United Press staff correspondent.)
With the British Armies Afield, April
10 There is every reaon to believe,
that by tonight the Great liriiain smash
will have wielded Field Marshal Haig
15,000 prisoners and between 50 and I0O
guns. The driving force of the great of
fensive was undiminished today, . even
with bitter opposition from the enemy.
Whilo these figures are unofficial
they are based on careful estimates and
Tho British have advanced to a point
four miles to the cast o Arras and have
stormed four systems of trenches along
the north bank of the rcarpo to Briond.
hirh wero famous for their boasted
ntrength. , -
To the south of the ocarpe today tho
British were facing the last system of
the Herman line, which is nearly op
posite the famous "Hindenburg line."
From this point the fighting front runs
uy reuchy Chnpello to the cast to Neu
villo Yitusse and southward. All along
in this section the troops arc now fac
ing the Hindenbnig defenses.
Tho fighting had not slackened In th
slightest degree today. ' The troops aro j
immensely pleased to .be snjQving agaiu ;
'after the inaction of trench warfare. ., .
The ."spring, offensive" comes, odd- ., ...
ly enough, in the coldest April mt$hqf t&ag"" '
in 50 years; to the acconip.aju)rMSttS'i!f'iv . i
gale of blowiugsaowvhrid "nloet which . - - ; .,,.
bites , .Slingirtfely. into the faces.(if item u.- '
b!t-.faila to duinpeiiU'SintiU' ". - ? .0-;
Wlientte,!fp,ii-sffVcih'Onf twuiiW n1
rtn.l,ii r-1 ..i ll..' Tfl C-lHith"::iXti
"Jul HtnVVi i,ivni I A JhM tuat t
- ipV 11-i.Vii JriV ITM,' Wntik
tntli 'lirn 0 ,:t iliy1 i X -til mu i J
i;rvig - 4iujv'tf 'i$i$y'A?t"?-'$7?i K1.:
n V,',n'11, ; KlllBgv -,iir . TUJupoo ' v
(iu)l t- tb.iv u ifth1 orV nd lUfim'. l
tne 'iiartj'h'iiii't 04itlr of 'XW-;urd,'.'jtKv " ".
ikrrport .'.continued.1 '.' Attea an untciiM
i.lioiiibarddlout; the ..enemy: at. ' night -.at-
fucked on a narrow trout southeast of .
piTK and I'uccceded, in , reaobuig. our -
..i rn, .: i:..t..l .
,suppoi l ' lirie. j ii c v . wwie UMint-iriti;ij .1 .
I J-anipoiix 10 uuouc nirce anu a uuu.
1. miles northeast of Arras.Jn the, dirca.
j lion of Vitry-Kn-Artois and Ilouiii, . t
I- llargicourt is on a line with Fresnny-iLe-l'etit.
Pontru and Maissemy, aH .
'fibout two and a half miles distant from
the main lino of Herman communica
tions between Camlirai and St. Quentia. '
riank is iii Danfer. ' . "
London,' April 11. Kngland was pre
pared today for vast casnalty lists but
steeled to sacrifices by knowledge that
Field Marshal Haig's sledge-hammer
(Continued on pae five.)
I THE WEATHER 5
and Wed ncsd-iy
rain, warmer to
gale force along