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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (April 9, 1917)
OVER 4100 DAILY
0 H . . I S . M
FORTIETH YEAR-NO. 85
SALEM, OREGON, MONDAY, APRIL 9, 1917
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON Til A INS ANT 3TEW3
STANDS F1VB CKNTH
A STB A QPUCHQ
nuunun uli ui
Austria Charge Zweidenek
Asked for His Passports
TURKEY AND BULGARIA
HAVE TAKEN NO ACTION
This Does Not Mean Actual
War With Austria M
May Lead To It
Washington, April 9. Austria for
mally broke relations with the United
The. Austrian charge, Zwicdinok.
called at the state department ami ask
ed for his passports, iie informed the
department the order lor his action
was issued yesterday.
A short time earlier Minister Stoval!
at Heme cablod the department that
the break was ordered yesterday.
Ambassador 1'eufield knows nothing
of the break in relations, ns he left
'Vienna on April 7.
There has been no change, however,
in the status of relations between this
government and Turkey and Bulgaria,
it was officially stated.
It would not be surprising, however,
if they shortly followed the lead of
The passports will be made iniinedi
ntely available for Baron Zwiedenik,
for Count Tarnowski who has never
been received here as Austrian ambas
sador for the entire embassy staff
and for all Austrian consular, diplomat
ic, and commercial attaches throughout
the country. ' '
The German party that sailed with
Count-Von liernstorff when he was
given his passports numbered . about
two hundred persons. The Austrian
party that will leave with Zwiedenik
and Tarnowski is expected to reach
close to that number. -
It will probably be at least a week
before the usual formalities can be
gone through and the Austrian party
started on its way.
This government, of course, will con
sult with other members of the entente
allies ns to safe conduct, means of
transporting the party, etc. ,
Stovall's message, paraphrased, said
'' Relations with Ausia were brok
The state department announced that
il will guarantee the party safe con
duct and that the procedure is to be
.similar to that when Von Bcrnstorff
The point was emphasized hero this
afternoon that in breaking off diplo
matic relations with Austria, Anioriea
is not at war with Emperor Karl anil
his people. The situation is a parallel
with America's break with Germany
and before President Wilson's "arm
ed neutrality" plan adopted.
Seized Austrian Steamers
Boston, Mass., April, 9. Shortly af
ter receipt of news of Austria's break
with the United States this afternoon,
Collector of the Port Billings and a
force of deputies, accompanied by a
.squad of police, wont to the tloosac
tunnel docks in Charlestown and seiz
ed the Austrian steamship Envny,
.which has been interned there since
1 : 1 1 - beginning of the European war
Three at New Oilcans
New Orleans, La.. April United
State.) officials today seized the Aus
tvian steamers Clara, Teresa and Anfia,
interned here since the start of the Eu
I.afe Bud says he never had but one
newspaper job, an' then he got fired
fer ittin' scooped on a lingerin' death
Who ever dreamed th' time would
nme when we'd feel proud t' be called
"small p'tatcri "
EE WAS AGITATED '
Bio De Janeiro,' April 9. The
German Ambassador late this
verenee .with Preside at v Braz
TJ greatly agitated. He flat
4c 'fused to discus the crisis
t , n Germany and Brazil.
ble quoting the captain
of t. A'urana as declaring the
4c I.' boat which sank his vessel
had fired five sLots at the Pa
4c rana served to increase popular
4c resentment against Germany
and the demand for a war dccla-
CANNOT FIX PRICES
Washington, April 9. The
Victor Talking Machine com
pany cannot fix prices and re
fuse actual sale of its patented
machines, the supreme court de
cided today when it refused to
grant an injunction against R.
1. Alacy & Co., alleged by the
Victor company to have infriug-.
ed patent rights. The decision
reversed the New York court of
Washington, April 9 The Mo
tion Pictures Patent company
cannot dictate what makes of
films shall be used on its patent
ed movie machines, the supreme
court held today. Justice Holmes
read a dissenting opinion in
which Justice McKenna and
CREW SAFELY LANDED
Paris. April it. All the crew
of the American steamer Sea
ward, torpedoed without warn
ing in the Mediterranean, have
been safely landed, according to
official word received hero to
day. Lloyd's register does not list
a. American steamer ".Sea
Washington. April 0 With an
increase of $1,400,000 for the
const guard aud large boosts in
every military department, the
civil sundry bill -tis reported
favorably to the senate today.
Although the bill carries $144,
'475,307. In many cases big amounts
were clipped from the sundry
Danish West Indies
for Zeppelin Base
By Arthur E. Mann
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Copenhagen, April 9. The United
States' main purpose in purchasing the
Danish West Indies from Denmark was
to defeat known German plans to
establish a Zeppelin and submarine
It was learned on the highest author
ity here today that, months ago when
the United States began carefully ap
praising the possibilities of conflict
with Germany, this scheme of the im
perial government to seize the islands
ana establish a base of operations
against tne i m reel Mates carno to
light. It was this reason that impelled
America to open negotiations with Den
mark for transfer of this strategic
position to the American flag.
Whether Germany planned forcibly
to seize the isl
tlie i4bnid or in itun-hiwo t!.... I T ', i f , ,
x 1 ne l.-Miius 01 to pniciinse them submarine zone, docked here todnv and'
'i': 'H'-"-'!. 30 IWrH, The liner's
man., Un-.L- ui us ui-ogmpuic jiosi-
tion, is dominated by Germany and for
reasons of national safety would -
doubtedly have acquiesced i whatever
course Germany demanded.
, . I ' . .
Ail Austrian Diisps ; water craft all the way across, but saw
1IT Q j T J I not even au oily Rpot on the water.
VlCre OeiZetl lOUayi Watch was maintained day and night
jover the two guns forward and the siu-
Vew York. April 9. All Austrian ! H"' ,a"m aft.
ships iu-American ports were seized to-1 , "!U" lean io s?rarI ""Vm"
day when news was flashed from Wash-1 ',lum "be" w 7,r,c ""ty tbrce hourj
ington that a formal break had taken I0"' of l;'an,i' fV1 'f
r.ir f-.t. i,: .,. 1 ..... I Knaupp. "Ihey wanted a submarine
The freighter Franconia, iu Philadel
phia; the Krny, in Boston and four
ships in Greater New York harbors
were taken over shortly afternoon.
mL . t ,1. ti' 1 .. .
V o . u'u, .' . Su 01
Stapleton, Staten island in this har -
bor, a ship of 8321 tons, was the larg
est seized. The Dora, 7037 tons, the
Ida, 4730 tons and the Himalia. 494K
tons, were taken in charge by Collector
Malone and a squad of deputies.
The Himalia was badlv damaged
when tho United States broke with
uermanv. Her engines were smashed
with crow bars.
Seizure of the Austrian ships makes
a total of 019. 1 -'3 tons seized since the
declaration of war against Germany.
II V CTQRY AND
CONTROL THE SKY
Ffchthg Is Over German
Camps and Many Airships
BRITISH AND FRENCH
BOTH KEEP ADVANCING
Great Drive Begun Over
shadowing That of Last
By William Philip Siainis.
(United Press staff correspondent.)
With the British Armies Afield, April
9. The fourth summer of fighting to
day was inaugurated with a drive of
such concerted force, of such co-ordin-eted
activity ns to overshadow even the
great Somme drive of a year ago.
Iu the air vast droves of British air
men hovered, like sea gulls, while below
the "tanks" were again called into ac
tion ahead of struggling infantrymen.
Again the tanks spread consternation
among the enemy.
The British began their terrific of
fensive at dawn this morning, in a high
wind and driving sleet storm. The
movement started at all along the wide
front from Lena to Cambrai,
The first stage of the fighting had
been crowned with success by 8 o'clock.
At that timo the initial objectives had
been fully attained.
Throughout all Easter Sunday the
British urtillery kept up a continual
pounding of tho Germans, swelling now
and then, to a roar and again diminish
ing at night to a. comparative silence!
atches regulated to the dot all along
the line kept this rtUlery bombardment
regular to the second. The titantic
tattoo would swell up On the exact in
stunt all along the line.
At the same time the infantry, with
the Canadians taking part began tho
assault all along tne line.
The British have inaugurated aerial
warfare on a scale hitherto undreamed
of, even in this greatest of wars.
German claims that the British have
lost their, air supremacy spurred a cer
tain English air general to reply to
day: "If the English losses appear high,"
he explained, "it is because the present
fighting is on an undreamed of scale.
The German boast of numerous planes
downed is therefore cosily explained.
We are fighting practically always
above the enemy's country, therefore, a
vast majority of all our casualties are
behind their lines.
British Still Advance.
London, April I). British forces at
tacked in force on a wide front from
south of Arras to south of Lens today,
(Continued on page three.)
First Armed American Ship
Makes Round Trip Through
Xew York, April 9. The American-
liner m. 1,011 in, first armed passenger
, .., . , . -,,
vessel living the American flag, to
make n i-minil rnri t hrnnn 1 the ( -i-ti!in
three big naval guns stood frowning be-
cause they had not been given a chance
to try their marksmanship.
The voyage wa, wiih'ont sensation.
Lieutenant If. K. Knaupp from the bat -
!1l,"sl"l A' lzona d gun crew of 20
to shoot at and the Germans didn't ap
One woman in the first cabin, carry
ing a baby in her arms, smiled and look
ed trustfully at the bluejacketed men in
charge of the guns when asked if she
1 had felt nervous ou the way across. She
1 ,i:,.,i ,i,f i, i,j u ,;,.i,;., .,.,.,
leniod that she had felt anything more
than the thrill of adventure.
"1 had absolute faith in those guns
and the marksmanship of those gun
ners," she said, "au? so did the oth
er passengers. I am of .the opinion that
it would have been very, very bad luck
j for any submarine bold enough to ap-
i near near the Ht Louis"
Besides her SOS passengers the St.
i.0uis brought valuable mails for which
this country has been waiting for some
IN SOUTH AMERICA
May Declare War at
Any Moment As People
RIO GRANDE PROVINCE
HAS 500,000 GERMANS
Brazilian Papers Say Three
Courses Open, But Any
Will Bring War
TRIED TO SINK ANOTHER
Paris, April 0. The Brazilian
consul notified his government
today that a German U-boat
three times attempted to sink
another Brazilian steamer which
has just docked at Vigo.
By H. B. 'Robertson.
(United Tress staff correspondent.)
Bio Do Janeiro, April 9. Announce
ment of Brazil's decision against Ger
many was momentarily expected today.
Meanwhile thousands nf Germans
wero preparing to quit the country.
First stcp3 of retaliation against
Germany for sinking of the Brabilian
steamer Parana and the killing of
Brazilian citizens, may be seizure of
the 41 German- steamships in Brazilian
Officials are still withholding any an
nouncement of a ei.'v.rse of action. The
president and his iiitkisters conferred to
day. Foreign Minister Mullcr declared:
"Brazil's action will depend upon her
own investigtion of the sinking of the
Parana, regardless of what course other
governments may adopt."
It was apparent today that, despite
the public demonstrations in ravor of
war against Germany, the government
is exceedingly reluctant to sanction such
a move. Minister Muller was quoted in
one Rio newspaper today as asserting
that Brazil "would break relations with
Germany only if necessary." As against
this, practically every Brazilian news
papor is demanding war.
Three Courses Open.
It was generally admitted that Bra
zil has courses open to her: ,
First To break relations.
Hecond To confiscate all German
vessels in Brazilian ports, in retaliation
for the unwarned sinking of the Pa
rana. .. Third To declare war.
Universay comment on the part of the
press and the public today held that the
first two stops were simply forerunners
of war in that an immediate declaration,
taking the final step, would be better.
Declaration of war by the United
States had a tremendous effect here in
Brazil. There had been a revival of a
pan-Anierican sentiment for units of
action with the United States because,
it was held Brazil's interests are close
ly interwoven with America's,
Street demonstrations , for war and
against Germany continued throughout
today. The government, has placed
heavy guards around all the German
steamships a.i well as around the Ger
man and Austrian consulates nnd lean-
President Braz is constantly confer- i
ring with Ms cabinet.
German Minister Pauli said in event
of a break it- lolations he would go to
Montevideo to await instructions from
his government. Allied ministers have
1 o,n,.,i .-f ,.,i c- 1.:, 1
I ","VV, .'II .1 . UIIUHI I Ull Hill, I1U
for ,ll0 legation and consular stuff,
i n . 1 , . ..
lrastic orncrs nave gone on: to all
nr.,; I1(1ii,. nffir.;,l,7 n,,,.,i,,.i.t u ,
:,.,:. . .j r,lu i,:i, ; ,i,
'nZL rZ" lct
! he, ot, as to That X t. X,
Zn Z ' hav c on " fivo'n rnlir d
1 thousand Germans in Rio Grande pro-
, vi,.e- 0,1C l um(ir t0(, ha(, u
representatives of these half million
Teutons held a secret meeting at Porto
Alegre to decide upon a course of ac
tion. JAPANESE LOYAL
Seattle, Wash., April 9. Five hun
dred Japanese hire have sent resolu
tions to President Wilsou "pledging
loyalty and devotion to the government
of the United States and to the princi
ples on which it now stands."
They have agreed to organize a mil
itary unit, ami have asked Harry Whit
ney Treat, local millionaire, to lead
them. Treat communicated their offer
to General Bell at Han Francisco-
300 FROM ALASKA
Anchoraac, Alaska, April 9. Three
hundred men have volunteered here to-j among the troops."
day for war service, at a patriotic meet) It was a knockout,
ing. I "That's my answer to the skunks
' 'who say I'm out for money," he yelled.
The, iff Anml collcize noultrv ranch The crowd went wild.
in the past fix weeks has produced
5,000 young chicks, and expects to pro-
duce ju,ouu more during the season.
FREE EERRY RUNS
e Beit Sugests Plan That
May Settle Whole Matter
JUDGES BET AND KELLY
WILL DECIDE ON PRICE
, If This Satis
factory, Will Purchase Op
It's a long lane that has no turn.
There is a free ferry running from
tho Salem side of the river, from the
landing between Court and Chemcketa
streets, and the landing built ou the
Albert and Wallace land by the Polk
l-eountv court. The smaller barge was
in service Snday and within a day
or so the larger barge formerly under
tho control of Skinner & Bushnell will
serve the public with a five minute
service. Tho ferry service is now free
with suitable- landings on each side.
Saturday afternoon the injunction
case of Skinner & Bushnell against the
county of Marion for running a free
ferry came up for trial on its merits
before Judge Belt of Dallas.
After the attorneys for both . sides
had stated their cases, Judge Belt said
that ho regarded the issue of vital im
portance to tho citizens of both conn
ties and wanted to know what chance
there was of a compromise. Finally
after talking over the propositions, it
was agreed that Marion county should
buy the outfit of Skinner s KuBhnell
at a price agreed on by Judge Belt and
Judge - Kelly, acting as arbitrators.
They will have the right to call in an
other circuit judge to aid in arriving
at a fair value ot the equipment, wnuc
working on the proposition as to right
value, it was agreed that tho ferry
should be turned over to the city, that
the injunction should be withdrawn
and tbat after the judges arrive at a
fair price Marion county will pay
Polk; Will Pay Notnlng
In arriving at this compromise,
Judge Kirkpatriek was asked whether
Polk county would pay $5 a day on
the expenses of tho ferry, an amount
he had previously agreed to pay if
(Continued on page three.)
Bill Sunday Thrills His
Audience of 60,000 by His
HIS IDEA OF SALOME
New York, April 9. Here's
Billy Sunday's famous descrip
tion of Salome in his -story of
how Herod gave an oath to Sa
lome that she might Imve any
thing she usked in return for
her dance, when she demanded
and got the head of John the
"Why. she dion't have on
enough clothes to flag a hiind;-ar
and she pirouetted around be
fore that bunch of Rouses with
her leg out like a quarter to
twelve, until the old buck,
" 'Sis, you're a peach and
you can have anything you
By George Martin.
(United Press staff correspondent.)
New York, April 9. Billy Holiday
scored a home run in the first inning of
the biggtst game he ever played on
"God's nine" his fight to win New
The ringing cheers of 60,000 welcom
ing voices today resounded through ev
ery glittering cranny of the great white
It was a smashing initial victory.
And as the stock grenadier of God
reached his clenched fists heavenward
ami yelled defiance to Brondvvny and
the devil, the enemy was perturbed.
First off, he stole the foe's thunder
by announcing that not one cent of New
York 's gold would he take for himself.
" Kvery penny, whether I get five
thousand or five hundred thousand,"
said Sunday, "I'll give to the Ameri-
can Ked Cross and the Y. M. C. A. work
Clad in a serge suit, a blue bovr tie,
white "tango" shirt and yatent leath -
or stiocs, rmriuay icapcu into xne arena
TO FEED THE BOYS
Portland, Ore., April 9 A
moT to aupply Oregon troops,
wherever they be may with the
choice food produce is under
way here today. The list in
clude apples, cream cheese, Col
umbia river salmon, loganberry
juiee, strawberries and fruit.
Men too old to take up active
military duty, yet anxious t
"do their bit" in the present
crisis are interested in the plan.
TO PROMISE REFORMS
London, April 9. Emperor
Karl of Austria, will follow
Kaiser Wilhelm's announcement
of liberal internal reform prom
ises, according to a Rome dis
patch to 4he Evening Star to
day. Among other concessions
the dispatch said semi-autonomy
will be granted to the principal
Argentine officialdom ex
pressed bitter resentment over
the plan today.
THINK IT IS CHEAP
The Hague, April 9. Ger
many's industrial leaders do not
think war with America is too
high a price to pay for unlimited
submarine warfare, according
to a symposium published in the
Rheinisch Westphalische, re
ceived here today. Every one
of the leading business heads
questioned to this effect by tho
newspaper replied that the sub
marine warfare was "not over
expensive," in view of Ger
many's alienation by the United
TEN HOUR LAW UPHELD
Washington, April 9. Consti
tutionality of the Oregon 10
hour law was upheld today by
the supreme court in the case of
Franklin O. Bunting, Lake coun
Chief Justice "White and Jus
tices Vandeventer and McRcy.
nolds dissented Justice Brandeis
who Was attorney in the case,
took no part.
NAVAL MILITIA AT BREMERTON
Bremerton, Wash., April 9. The
Oregon naval militia, consisting of 27
marines and 19H jnckies arrived here
from Portland this morning.
and, after the manner of -.Napoleon led
surprise attack after attack.
Twice tho great throngs amid the pine
shavings and sawdust truils of the giant
tabernacle jumped to their feet and
& howled with inspired emotion. Then
I camo the climax.
Leaning far back and cupping his
hands us he hurled his rasping voice di
rectly into the mammoth sounding
board that threw his words into the
furthest reaches of the tabernacle, Sun
day issued his defi.
Describes Ills Eenemies.
"Come on, ym God forsaken degener
ates; come on, you forces of iniquity in
New York that have made the church
a cuspidor and a door mat to wipe your
dirty feet on; come 011, you tiaditcers;
come on, you triple extract oi iiitnm y ; i government war financing, there ar
f 01110 on, you assassins of character; i ukely u- be but few developments im
come on, you sponsors of harlotry ; j the securities and money markets indi
''oiiie 011, you detainers of God and cn-1 eating vigorous initiative. Today's
t-mieg ot the church; come on, you bull ; toclfc market was almost wholly profes
nccked, beetle browed, hug jowlcd, nca-U;. 1 nMli fr on'ietcr affair thaa
nut brained, wcusle eyed four flashers,
false alarms end excess baggage.
"In the name of God, I challenge and
defy you. It's mighty easy to lie about
a niau when he isn't on the job. I'm
here now. Come on!"
Then whirling to patriotism, Sunday
again brought the crowd lo its feet with
his plea for the flag.
"You ghastly, hideous, infamous
Prussian militarism," lie shrieked,
"stand up! The women and children
you have murdered cry for help.
"And I say to you people thut even
today the Germans would be pounding
at our door if it hadn't been for the
answer made by I he men of England
und France and Italy.
"German imperialism is doomed; and
the guns of the United States are going
to help dig its grave."
He waved the flag, and the crowd
TOE 38 SUBMARINES
Washington, April 9. Iiids will be
opened Wednesday for thirty eight
submarines for the navy, it was official
ly announced today.
I The'44th convention of Oregon Stato
1 Grange is to be held May 8 to 12, 1917,
ui Astoria, vr.
Half of First Year's Expendi
tures, $1,750,000,000 to
Be Paid In Cash
THREE BILLION WILL
BE LOANED TO ALLIES
Luxuries and Large Incomes
Will Be Heavily Taxed
Other War Measures
Washington, April 9. Congress bo
gan its first week of real war work
today, faced with the problem of rais
ing $0,700,000,000 and the "pay as
you go struggle. House and senato
leaders have virtually decided that ap
proximately 50 per cent of the first
year s expenditures $1. 750,000,000 must
be drawn from taxes.
A further bond Issue of ft2.0fln.n0n.-
000 will bo asked to be held in readi
ness for tho United Etatcs army and
The United State will loan $3,000,
000,000 to the entente allies. This mint
will be raised by a bond issue at ZVi
per cent interest, simultaneously with
rne ,ouu,uuo,uuu issue to be used by
this government. As soon as this is
complete the three billions will be
turned over to the allied governments
for their bonds, which, will bear 3',
interest. Those holding the United
States bonds will be receiving 3Vj per
cent on an investment backed by tai
and all the ' allied covernments ami
the three billions they lend will be
spent in this country.
There appears no likelihood that ser
ious opposition to the- government's
financial demands will develop. Tbero
is bound to be some difference of
opinion however, as to taxation means
of raising great sums.
It is the present intention -to tax.
all luxuries including large incomes
and put a tax on bank checks, tele
graph messages, long distance tele
phone calls, etc. And, contrary to the
usual complaint which arises in tho
country at any suggestion of increas
ing taxes, officials declare there is
marked note of patriotism in the word
from this country at this time "show
ing the people are willing to respond
to any call."
After several days of idleness, while
the various committees mulled over
the various war bills, both house and
senate are now ready to begin free for
The conscription army measure will
prohnoly he one of the first bills up.
It is believed by a majority of leaders
that this bill will go through ns Presi
dent Wilsou wants, but that it will re
quiro at least two weeks.
A drastic espionage bill is to bo
pressed immediately. Amendments tu
the shipping law piving the govern
ment power to tako over merchant
ships, a censorship law, amendments to
tho federal reserve act, designed to
strengthen the act and increase it
powers, owing to the fact that much
of tho financing of the war will be
done through the medium of reserve
banks nnd other war measures, ara
read)' tor introduction this week.
Stock Market Quiet
But Prices Stronger
Xcw York, April 9. The New York
Evening Sun financial review today
said: Poiidinir definite nrraugenients for
Saturday 's short session. Short cover
ing was brisk in tlio first hour, a move
ment to lie expected from the oversold
condition of the market at the close of
This movement was accompanied by
a moderate volume of commission housa
buying and the two forces together
pushed prices forward in a modest way
at the opening, later accelerating the
(Continued on page three.)
sjc 5C )(c )c sK
THE WEATHER S
and Tuesday fair
n 0 r t h w e st por
light frost tonight
south and east por
tions; south. t