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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (April 6, 1917)
OVER f400 DAILY
' i I . X tt
FORTIETH YEAR-NO. ft?
' SALEM, OREGON, FRIDAY, APRIL 6. 1917
PRICE TWO CENTS
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:: ,MLUL LA LU U
Vice President Sips Resolution at 12:13 and President
1:13 AVhile Ink Was Still Wet News of America's
Action was Flashed To All CountriesSwiss Minister j
Informs Germany Every Steam Whistle In Capital
Opened Wide As Signal Told of War
Washington, April 6.---War wus declared at 1:1:3 this
: At exactly that hour President Wilson signed the joint
resolution passed by the house and senate, declaring a
state of war between the United States and Germany.
An hour before the resolution was signed by Vice
President Marshall at 1:1:3.
These were the last formalities necessary to make the
United States an ally of England, France, and Russia in
the world war of democracies agcinst autocracy.
As the president affixed his signature to the document,
Lieutenant Commander Byron McCandless signalled
across the street to the navy department that war was
formally on and orders were flashed out from the govern
ment wireless to the shipsat sea and to the forts of the
United States. "
Simultaneously every steam whistle in Washington and
on the Potomac river nearby was opened wide and their
screeches could be heard in every corner of the nation's
capitol. ' -
While the ink was still wet on the historic war resolu
tion, messages to all the countries of the earth were sent
notifying them of this government's action.
The state department informed the Swiss minister
here representing German interests in the United States
of this country's action. The minister will communicate
the word formally to Berne by cable and thence to Berlin.
United States representatives in every foreign and
South American capitol should have the news within the
next 24 hours.
President Wilson signed the war resolution while alone
in the library of the white house two minutes after it had
reached the executive mansion from the capitol.
From the White House the engrossed
resolution wan sent to the state depart
ment, there to rest as one of the most ',
important papers filed away in the gov
ern inent records.
It boars no outward mark of differ
ence from hundreds of thousands of oth
er state papers in the department files.
But it marks the beginning of a new
ra of civilization, according to Presi
dent Wilson a war the end of which
must determine whether democracy or
imperialism shall rule the world.
Immediately after singing the joint,
resolution for war the president issued
t proclamation to the people of the
Thrilling Scenes, in House
Preceding the Vote on War
Washington, April 0. A Woman!
furnished the most dramatic scene ot
the most dramatic session in the hist
ory of this nation's house of represent
atives. The woman is Hiss Jeanette Rankin,
of .Montana, the first woman ever to
sit in either body of the country's leg
islature. The house passed the historic reso
lution that says Germany has warred
upon this government, amid stirring
scenes at 3:0S this morning.
The vote 373 to 30 was not unex
pected, alter the thrilling declaration
of Representative 1 Claud Kftcliin.
North Carolina, democratic floor lead
er, in the afternoon that he could not
bring himself to vote the country into
Kitchin's speech swung a dozen or
more votes to the ranks of those op
posing the resolution.
When the long, but always thrilling
debate had at lust been concluded, a
stillness that seldom marks house pro
ceedings settled over the chamber.
Then there was a stir in the galleries.
The members, too, began to shift about
225 Made Speeches
The clerk drawled out the list of
names, recording members' votes. Two
hundred and twenty five members had
lid 1 tressed the house.
Peace advocates had met war advo
liitos, man for man, until midnight.
Then the tension almost reached the
mu-.pi ing point. Perspiration dripped
country declaring a state of war exists
between the United States and the Im
perial German government-
Ho asks all Ainerieau citizens, "in
loyal devotion to their country, dedicat
ed from its founding to the principles
o'f liberty and justice,-" to uphold the
lnws of the land and "give undivided
and willing support'' to all measures
adopted by the government "in prose
cuting the war to a successful issue and
in attaining a secure and just pease."
At the same time he warned all aliens
to conform to strict regulations which
he outlined in the proclamation.
(Continued on Page Three
from members' foreheads. Suddenly a
motion was made to reach an agree
ment by 12 or let the matter go over
until Saturday or Mondav, It never
reached a vote.
As Good Friday was ushered in, the
house seemed as far from a vote as at
10 o'clock Thursday. Cries of "vote,
vote", arose from all sides. Debate
had been limited to five minutes, but
names of those who wished to speak
kept piling on the list.
At 1:30 a. m. Representative Brit
ten, Illinois, introduced an amendment
to the bill that would have prohibited
use of American troops in Europe. De
bate, which has been repeated two and
three times during the day, switched
At 2:05 o'clock, after speeches had
been repented and repeated, the break
eanie when Representative MeGee, New
Cut Out the Talk
"The house is ready for a vote. I
shall ask that any remarks be extended
to the record, instead of reading them
and thereby save time."
A dozen followed suit. Majority
Leader Kitcuin asked that it lay over
until Saturday. The motion was de
feated. Chairman Flood of the foreign
affairs committee asked that the com
mittee of the whole go into a house
session and take up the question.
The house then immediately proceed
ed to tako up Britten's amendment.
(Continued 01 page two.)
German Citizens Will !
Not Be Interned;
Kan Francisco, April fi. Plana forj
liaudhug unnaturalized Merman resi
lient of Han Francisco and vicinity,
when war is declared, are being alter-17
ed by federal officials as a result ofj
the receipt from Washington of notifi-i
eation that there would be no general
internment of unnaturalized Germans.
Only those who have taken part in
plots will be dealt with and then only ,
through courts and penitentiaries and'
not by means of internment camps, j
United States Distriet Attorney Pres-i
ton will give n list of "dangerous!
aliens" to annv authorities as soon as ;
a state of war is deelared.
No Aliens Will Be Disturbed
So Long As They Obey
Washington, April 6. President Wil
son this afternoon issued , a proclama
tion to the people of the country de
claring a state of war exists between
the United States and the Imperial Ger
At the same time he especially direct
ed all officers of the United States gov
ernment, civil or military, to exerciso
vigilunco in the discharge of their du
ties incident to such a state of war.
At the same time he appealed to all
American citizens to uphold tho laws of
tho land an! "give undivided and will
ing support to these measures which
may be adoptod by the constitutional
authorities in prosecuting the war to a
successful issuo and in obtaining a se
cure and just pence."
Text of Proclamation. I
The proclamation reads: J
"Whereas, The congress of the Uni
ted States, iri the exercise of the consti
tutional authority vested in them, have
resolved, by joint resolution of the sen
ate and house of representatives bear
ing date thi3 day, that the state of war
between the United States and "tho Im
perial German government which has
been thrust upon the United States is
hereby formally declared.
1 ' Whereas, It is provided by Section
4007 of the revised statutes, as follows:
' ' ' Whereas, There is declared a war
between tho United States and any for
eign nation or government or any inva
sion or prodatory incursion is perpetrat
ed, attempted or threatened against the
territory of the United States by any
foreign nation or government, and the
president makes public proclamation o'f
the event, nil natives, citizens, denisens
or subjects of the hostile, nation or gov
ernment being males of the age of 14
years and upwards, who shall be with
in the United Stnteii and not actually
naturalized, shall be liable to be appre
hended, restrained, secure and removed,
as alien enemies.
" 'The president is authorized in any
such event by this proclamation there
of or any public acts to direct the con
duct to be observed, on the part of the
United States toward the aliens who
become so liable; the manner and the
degree of restraint to which they shall
be subject, and 111 what cases, and upon
what security their residence shall be
permitted, and to provide for the re
moval of those who, not being permit
ted to reside within the United (States,
(Continued on page two.)
I ABE MARTIN 1
Ther's few things in this life that
equal th' sensation o' bein' paid up.
F.dna May has left th' atage, but is still
nt Palm eBach.
THE LUCKY THIRTEEN
. Washington, April 0. Vice
President Marshall signed the
war resolution at 12:13 p. m.
Exactly one hour later to tho
second, President Wilson sigucd
his name at 1:13 p. in.
Thirteen ig President Wilson 's
Indianapolis, Ind., April ti.
Department justice agents to
day, arrested Christian Luecky
on the charge of threatening
bodily harm against the presi
dent. Luecky is alleged to have
stated that if he could get to
Washington he would kill the
MOVING TOWARD BORDER
El Paso, Texas, April 6. Sud
den movement of Mexican gov
ernment troops toward the
border today, iii f?io states of
Chihuahua, Nuevo Leon and
Conhuila, is believed by federal
authorities here 1o portend hos
tile action against border settle
ments, despite the explanation
offered by CnrrauziBta officials
that the troop movements are a
part of tho campaign against
the bandit forces under Villa.
Government agents here are
watching closely for . evidences
of a border raid :nd action prob- -ably
will be tafon at the first
v FRITZEN PLEADS GUILTY
New York, April 6. Captain
Alfred A. Fritzen pleaded guil
ty in United States district
court here today to having
conspired with Captain Hans
Tauscher to blow up the Wcl
land canal and was sentenced
to eighteen months in the fed
eral penitentiary at Atlanta,
Addressing the court before
sentence was passed, Assistant
District Attorney Knox refer
red to' Fritzen as only a "tool
in the hands of the unspeakable
Fritzen was arrested in Los
Angeles. He formerly was a
captain of artillery in the Ger
man army and was given his
first citizenship papers in this
country in 1912.
Sinking of Ship and Killing
of Three Brazilian Citizens
Rio l)e Janeiro, April G.-Brazil iayj'R ? betTT "'T l"i
1 J the Oise, the statement continued.
declare war on Germany. -
Official announcement today of the
sinkiiur nf Hip lirnzilian steamer I'n
rana, killing three Urazilian citizens.
aroused the most intense anti-German
The situation is most grave; a dec
laration of war against Germany may
bo declared," declared Foreign Sec
retary Muller today.
It was generally expected today
that Brazil would seize all German
ships in her harbors and immediately
proclaim hostilities against Uernmny.
There was intense anxiety today as
to how the situation would be affected
by the presence of five hundred thou
sand Germans in the Brazilian state of
Information here today indicted
that Bolivia 'would prooably follow
Brazil in declaring war on Germany. '
WILL Hi r OEM GERMANY
Washington, April 6. A long
proclamation declaring a state
of war was ready for distribu
tion to all diplomats here as
soon as th? president had signed
the war resolution.
The Swiss minister at his
own initiative, will inform Ger
many of the proclamation.
I'i tsburg, Pa., April i. Congress'
man-eloe.t Orrin 1). Isloaklev, of Venan-1
go county, was fined $U0 in federal
; district court here yesterday by Judge
' Thompson, following bis plea of nolle
1 contenders: to a (jhnrjie that his elec-
tion expenses were excessive,
Weakley, who represented the Twen
ty eighth Pennsylvania district, was
tried in Krie last week. He is a re
publican. Immediately after sentence
was passed Bleakley wired his resigna
tion to Speaker Clark at Washington.
Costs assessed in addition to the fine
made the total penalty about $2000.
IS EXPLODED DY
Whole District Shaken by
lernfhc Concussion of Tons
By William Philip Simms
With the British Armies Afield,
April ti. British artillery fire today
blew up a huge "minenwerfer" depot
behind the German lines near Arras.
Flames rose to a height of 300 feet
from the i'i re and the explosion of a
vast quantity of dynamite stored there
for the mine throwers and grenades
literally shook the city of Arras.
The whole district, nearby wus vio-
lently tilted by the concussion,
l Tho German wireless claim of three
.hundred British prisoners in ihe re-,
igion of Noreil, of whom 240 were kill
ed by the tire or Bryrish machine- guns
as they left for the rear, is a pure
fabrication, according to official an
nouncement today. The records show
that in the fighting in this section only
fifty are still missing,, and that the
I dead, wounded and missing only to
Desperate Attack Made
London, April 6. Striving desper
ately to relievo the tremendous pinccr
like grip around St. (jiumtin exerted
by British and French forces, picked
German troops were hurled against the
French line northwest of Rlieims last
night and today in one of tho most
powerful "diversions" attempted in
months. The attack was delivered in
force. Its object was .plainly to force
hurrying of reserves from other por
tions jof the line to the aid of the at
tacked French troops, thus relieving
the allied pressure against the German
front around St. Quentin.
Front dispatches todav declared the
fighting in tho Rlieims sector was pro
ceeding with unabated violence. The
! French were forced to relinquish a few
trenches here, but for the most part
succeeded in recapturing those points
which fell in the first furv of the Ger
man attack. The Teutons' assault was
attempted over a front of more than a
Meanwhile, dispatches indicated sys
tematic progress in the encircling
movement around St. tiientin by both
the French and British forces.
French Make Good Gains
Paris, April (i French forces made
large gains north of Lnmlrieourt, south
ot tlie Oise, and also reocciipiert some
of the trenches northwest of Hheinis.
which were taken in the first rush of
the German attack there yesterday, ac
cording to today's official statement.
Artillery firing continued active dm-
North of LaFoli Four, the Germans
counter attacked after a violent period
'of artillery preparation, but were
fcneciveu irv xi cuiinui ui a .
fire. There were numerous patrol
counter! in this same region.
Submarines Along Route
New York. April 6. German Rubina
rincs are near the great circle trade
route between New York and Cape San
Koquc and other South American ports
a warning sent out cany rouay saio
British and other merchant vessels
were warned to be on the lookout for
U-boats in latitude 26 north, longitude
THE WEATHER I
night and Hatur
fair east portion;
n 1 bi
Marines Boarded Vessels In All Ports Few Minutes After
War Resolution Was Signed Eight of Number Were In
Pacific Coast Ports-All Were Built Purposely for Con
version Into Auxiliary Cruisers-Fourteen Larger Ones
Fill Carry 40,000 Troops '
Washington, April 6. In seizing the ninety-one Ger
man ships in American ports the United States acauires
vessels purposely built for
It was learned at. the department of commerce today
that most of the passenger ships are built as naval aux
iliaries with gun platforms, reinforced decks and othef
equipment for offensive purposes.
Olticials said seizure of these ships has increased our
transporting ability tremendously. Fourteen of the larg
er vessels seized will transport at one time about forty
tnousana troops. The American merchant fleet available
at present can carry only about half that number.
Provision of the treaty of London and The Hague con
vention, scrapped by the belligerents during the war, will
not bind the United States, it was officially indicated
In case of doubt, general principles of international
law will obtain on this governmeit's conduct. The state
department holds today it would be manifestly unfair to
have one side adhere to the conventions while the other
utterly disregarded them.
Many of The Hague conventions are not in effect at all.
As for the treaty of London, England signed it but never
ratified it, and a move by ex-Secretary of State Bryan at
the start of the war to have the treaty observed by all
America's Tlrst Act of War.
New York, April C United States
armed forces seized all German ships
in all American ports today.
It was America's first act of war.
In ports on every coast of the United
States proair, and in island possessions,
marines or bluejackets went aboard the
enemy ships early today, made members
of the German crewg prisoner and took
possession of the vessels in the nanio of
the United States.
At Hoboken, N. J., alone, 18 vessels,
including the giant Yaterland, were tak
en over. In nil, 27 ships were seized in
New York waters.
The total number of German ships in
American waters which were seized is
ui. ine.y represent a roiai gross tonnage; The German sailors were ordered to
of 54,i9(i. j puck their belongings and were hnrried
From Philadelphia, Boston, New Or-!avvay t0 Kllis Island. The same scenes
leans, Jacksonville, Wilmington, Han I Pr(, enacted at other ports.
Francisco and other ports came reports jn ,,n cnH,.s tne enemy sailors wero
during the morning of the seizure of U,.lt to the immigration stations, some
ships. No trouble was reported. In biter being released on parole,
every instance, marines or bluejackets j
were armed, waiting and ready Tor the ityi.miu-.i u iutt iuro.i
Third Oregon Is Now In
Regular Army Service
Vancouver Barracks, Wash-, April (i. 1
Fully L'4 hours of schedule time, the
initial muster of the Third Oregon In
fantry companies at this post wus com
pleted yesterday, and the 11 companies
here, almost at war strength, are ready
to entrain for any point at a moment's
notice. While no one can tell when the
troops will bo ordered to leave, it is ex
pected that an order will be received
soon for the two battalions stationed
here to entrain for some unknown point,
or points. Passes were not allowed to
night, it neing rumored that orders
might be received.
The post was a busy place yesterday,
perhaps the busiest since the troops
were here, in an effort to get the 2,000
men examined and mustered and in
shape to respond to any order that
might be sent by the western depart
ment for the niovemnne of troops.
Colonel McAlexander Acts.
At 10 o'clock, Lieutenaut Colonel U.
G. McAlexander, in person mustered
the Second Battalion, including Com
panies K, in command of Captain Clar
ence Hotchkiss; Company F, in com
mand of Captain I.ibby; Company G, in
command of Captain Blanchard, and
Company H, in command of Captain
Peroni. The battalion, all Portland
troops, is in commond of Major Mosh-
At 3 d. m. resterdav. the headonnr -
tern-company, composed of the band and
mounted detachment, hi men,
teied, in command of Captain Logus.
conversion into auxiliary
signal to take over the ships. Th'ui
signal was word that the house had
passed the war resolution.
Destroyer on Watch.
In New York harbor a long, gray war
painted destroyer waited anxiously on
the water, just off the bow of the giant
Vaterland. Her guns were trained on
the enemy sea monster.
The busy launch of Collector of th
I'ort Malone churned the waters of the
buy as he hastened on his early morning-
enterprise- All night long he had
waited for the order to seize the ships.
His deputies by scores wero on the
docks and piers in Hoboken, New York
and at SStiiten Island. When the word
jeniue the waiting men hurried aboard.
The sanitary troops, medical officers,
under Major M. C. Mtuccllisj the sup
ply company, Captain Henry Hocken
yos; the machine-gun comjiany, Cap
tain lvers, and field and staff, Colonel
John L. May, I-ieutcnunt-Colonel Carlo
Abrams; Major Dougherty, Major Itosu
berger; First Lieutenant L. H. ComptOH,
and Lieutenant Pillsbury, were muster
ed at the same time.
Others Muster Trlday.
This, with the exception of Com
panies A, B and I), which left here two
days ago, completes Ihe initial muster
of the Third Oregon. These three com
panies wero mustered at 9 o'elock
this morning, wherever they may bo
The Third Oregon is' ready and 24
hours ahead of time.
It is supposed that in case of th
Second and Third Battalions are ord
ered away for duty, that the headquar
ters and auxiliary companies mentioned
above will remain acre in the pest.
Company C is guarding the Nort Bank
and the Columbia river highway bridge
For several months the regiment has
not accepted married men for enlist
ment, though there are some manea
men, not to exceed tive per cent, n me
enlisted strength. I nose woo nave
been married since the call to the eol-
1 ors have taken the oath that ihey ara
'single men, and in case of mailings
(Continued on page tirtj),