Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, March 08, 1917, Image 1

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While Professing Friendship
for Carranza Back Up
i the Bandit
Payment of $250,000 Gold
Made Villa Bef ore He
Sealed Compact
By Webb Miller.
(luitod Press stuff correspondent.)
Laredo, Texas, Mar. 8. Germany is
playing Villa against Carranza. Great
!uius of German money are pouring into
1lie bandit leaders' hands, inciting lain j
to activity against the United States'
ami against Carranza, while at the samel
lime German agents work through of-j
i'iuial of Carranza government, seeking
to align that side agaiust the United
Just back from a trip into the inter
ior of Mexico, I can state these facts on
the highest authority:
Agents of the German government in
.Mexico approached Francisco Villa at
his headquarters at Bustillo's ranch,
about February 12, with a propoMi-sn
to renew his raids on the border in
ease of a declaration of war between
the United States and Germany. Two
German agents reached the bandit lead
er. The conference extended over two
At first Villa demurred against any
attack on the border, in force, under
any circamstnnc.es. At length an agree
ment was leached that iu case of war
Villa would send small bands, as unat
tached bandits, to operate at -widely sep
arated points along the international
line and to. make sporadic forroys to
harass American troops.
Villa Gets $250,000. '
Under the terins of the agreement,
the German agents promised to pay Vil
la 500,000 pesos ($250,000) in gold at
once to seal the compact. Ho refused
to enter in,to the plot until the first
payment was handed over.. They agreed
to pay a large amount each month there
after in case of war, to enable Villa to
pay hig men, secure ammunition and to
Imild up his shattered 'iorces for a cam
paign. After orders from Foreign-Secretary
Zi ni merman reached Mexico City fr an
attempt to arrange a settlement with
Japan and Mexico, the Villa scheme was
me of the first of the moves. One se
cret agent was sent north from the
capital to San Luis Fotosi, where he met
another. From Parrnl, both traveled
by horseback to Bustillo's ranch about
40 miles west of Chihauhua City. At
this point Villa was making his headA
qua rters at that place.
The Villa plan was to be used chief
ly in the event of failure to induce
Carranza to enter an intrigue against
the United Statos and as a possible
means of bringing pressure to bear on
Carranza. It was hoped to involve the
do facto government and the United
States in new, serious complications,
making the retention of a large part of
the nrmv along the border necessary.
Double-crossed Carranza.
That friction between Carranza and
the United States would tend to weaken
the de facto power was pointed out to
A'illa by the German agents.
Already the German cabal in the
Mexican capital had set active under
ground influences to work upon tha
first -chief and his advisers to induce
(Continued on rtage Biz.)
55 "J "J '
Who remembers when th' family used
t' huddle t'gethef in th' kitchen while
we took a bath in th' sertin' room. IT
it .wuzn fer wurry th' wrinkle business
would go t' pieces.
y-J 'iA'.nt Fttrtl 'Ts ji!lH
Americans Going to Europe
'Must Keep Off Belligerent
Ship Is Bryan 's Contention
I am against filibus tf.
Is there anything tr able
iu a desire to have coi. J l iu
session t
Objections were not t ;. :iv-
ing authority to President Wil-
son, but related to the language
Public has such complete eon-
fideuco in the president, con-
gress would not hesitate to con-
fer upon him any power he
could him.-elf use.
But the president can't ride
on ships or handle guns.
A gunner would be under im-
mediate direction of a ship own-
er who may have a large pecu-
iary interest in landing a eCm;
trabnnd cargo.
A law should be enacted
withholding clearance from any
belligerent ships carrying Auier-
ienn passangers to Europe.
Why should our government
permit the United States to be
drawn into war by the folly 'or.
any American citizen who so
disregards his country's wel-
fare as to travel upon a belliger-
ent ship?
The United Press asked William Jen
nings Bryan, former secretary of stare,,
and foremost peace advocate, for a
statement of his views on the situation
in the United States senate, which he
wrote as follows:
By William Jennings Bryan.
(Copyright 1917, by United Press.)
Miami, Fla., Mar. 8. Answering your
inquiry, I beg to call attention to the
fact that there are two qaestions in
stead of one. The first involves the
filibuster and the second the merits of
the proposed legislation.
1 am against filibustering and have
several years, been advocating a clot
ure rule in the seriate. I believe in the
right of the majority to rule and am sor
ry to learn from press dispatches that
the senate is inclined to require a two
thirds vote for the closing of debate.
A majority vote ought to be suf
ficient, after each senator has been giv
en reasonable opportunity to express his
views. To require a two-thirds vote is
to give to the predatory interests the
samo power that they now have to pre
vent legislation hostile to their privil
eges. Against Filibustering.
As long as the rules permit, a minor
ity to obstruct legislation, we may ex
pect to be employed to prevent pro
gressive legislation just as they were
employed two years ago to enable the
shipping trust to defeat the president's
shipping bill.
Whether the senators should use the
rules to defeat a proposed measure is a
Grand Jury Looks Into Plot
To' Invade India From China
New York, Mar. 8. As a federal
grand jury began today to probe the ac
tivities here o Dr. Chandra Chakiaber
ty and Dr. Ernest Scknnner, secret serv
ice agents throughout the country were
believed to be rapidly closing in on
the "master mind," who carried out
German plot orders from 70 Wilhelm
strasse, Berlin secret service headquar
ters. Hcvelations to secret service agents
here and in Washington indicate that
there is fast coming to light a plot
which stretched its mysterious tentacles
into Mexico, Cuba, the Philippines, and
j wrapped themselves around the Fanama
i canal. Sensational disclosures are cx
' peetcd soon when a new arre9t is made.
' Identity of the man now under surveil-
j lance has not been disclosed, but his
arrest is expected to be a profoundly
surprising disclosure.
1'apers taken from among the effects
of the Hindu and German now held in
New York rtvealed to secret service
officials code messages from 7 Wil
helmstrasse and mentioned addresses in
Petrograd and Paris, indicating, it is
believed that these addresses, presumab
ly of agents for the Hindu's "nerve
pills," were really notations of Ger
man agents' headquarters.
A communication signed by Chin, the
mysterious Chinaman who was to have
directed a plot in China to smuggle arms
and munitions to India was found.
Copies of speeches by William Jen
nings Bryan, delivered more than two
years ago, and extracts from utterances
by Senator Eobert M. LaFollette, bear
ing on British rule in India, are be
lieved to be harmless, but they point,
it is said, to the almost unbelievable
lengths to which native Indians, are
willing to go to stir up revolt against
Great Britain.
Plot in San Francisco.
San Francisco, Mar. 8. Evidence of
a natiou-wido conspiracy originating
among Han Francisco Hindus, to invade
I India by way of China, will be rjrc
'sented by United States Attorney-John
W . Preston, to the federal grand jury-,
it was learned today. The evidence was
matter entirely in the discretion of the
senators, who are resnousible to their
constituents alone, just as the presi-J
dent is responsible to the general pub-
lie only, when he uses his veto to de
feat a measure favored by a majority:
of the senate and house. '
So far as I have seen expressions!
from the senators nearly all of those
w ho voted against authorizing the arm-1
ing of -ships, did so for the purpose of!
compelling an extra -session of congress, !.
or because they objected to the phrase- j
ology of the bill, .since the president i
has power to call a special session of;
congress at any time, and ask for leg-j
islatiou he desires, the jingo press will,
find it difficult to convince the public (
that there is anything treasonable int
the desire to have congress in session, j
Eveu the most wnrlike of the newspa-j
pers will hardly insist upon the aboli
tion of congress now, whatever they J
might have the boldness to advoearf;
iu time of war. :
Tho Merits of the Bill. I
The second question relatets to the
merits of the bill. So 'far as I am able ;
to judge, the objections urged vere not i
to giving authority to the president,!
but related to the language to be em- !
ployed and surely if congressional auth-l
ority is needed, the members of con-j
gress cannot be fairly denied discretion ;
as to the language to be employed. Ev- j
eryone recognizes that the giving of
nuthority involves serious risks.
The public has such complete confi
dence iu tho president that congress
would not hesitate to confer upon him
any power that he could himself use, but
tue president cannot ride on the ships
himself, or handle the guns. He cannot
even direct the man who pulls the trig
ger. Tho expert gunner will be some 3,000
miles from Washington when he carries
out the authority conferred. He will not
only have tho expert's desire to test
his skill, but he will be under the im
mediate direction of a ship owner who
may have a large pecuniary interest in
landing a contraband cargo.
Tho president has not asked cosgress
to surrender to him authority to declare
war; is it strange that congress should
hesitate to put an expert gunner in a
position where, by his mistake, or by a
mistake of an interested ship owner, he
may commit an ast of wart
Against Arming Ships.
Tho senate and house did not agree
as to the phraseology of the proposed
bill. The senate wanted to Include
"other instrumentalities," which the
house thought too vague a description
of the power conferred. The house also
excepted from insurance merchantmen
carrying arms and ammunition, and a
minority of the house committee faveT
ed inserting this exception in the para
graph authorizing the arming of ships.
"I am heartily in sympathy with the
house in withholding insurance from
ships parrying arms and ammunition
and am also in sympathy with the mi-
(Continued on page two.)
gathered during a two months investiga
tion. ' Kara Chandra, editor of the Hindu
stan Gadar, was named by Preston as
having knowledge of the conspiracy
Preston said he did not know of any
connection between this plot and the
one unearthed in New York.
Earn Chandra denied that any such
plot had been hatched here. He declar
ed he had confidential advices from
Washington that notice had been served
upon the United States by the allies
that this country would be expected to
pay damages resulting from Indian rev
olutions plotted in America.
Ho said tho Hindus here are anxious
to see India released from British. rule,
but are not the originators of the plot.
Wheat Market Strong
and Prices Advance
Chii-ago, March 8. Wheat had a
strong undertone at tho opening to
day. Futures opened lower, but later
regained tho loss and advanced notice
ably. May opened unchanged, later
rained 1 1-8 to 1 .88 5-8; July opened
down ', later advancing 1 to $1.58.
September opened down half and ad
vanced 1 to $1.46 Vi in later trading.
torn was firm at the start and lat
er a demand developed with light of
ferings. May opened up V4, later ad
vancing 1 to $1.08 5-8. July opened un
changed, but later gained 1 1-8 to
$1.0i u-. September opened up 1-8, lat
er advancing 3-4 to $1.00 7-8.
Oata ruled lower at the opening in
sympathy with wheat, but recovered
with the major grains. May opened
down but later gained 5-8 to 89
o-S: July opened unchanged, later ad
vaucinp half, going to 57'i- '
Provisions reflected no important
price changes at the opening. Pork was
up a few cents while lard and nbs re
mained stationary. Later quotations
saowed no material changes. -
f If wisheg were horses, beggars might
ride; and if food probes were edible
we'd order seme fried.
Washington Times Attacks
Him Bitterly; Says "Slack
er Bill Must Go"
World and San Say His Place
On Committee Makes Him
Washington, Mar- S. In a stinging
editorial headed "Slacker Bill Must
Go" the Washington Times today
charged Senator Sttine, chairman of the
senate foreign relations committee with
hs-ving displayed . pro-German tactics
and "a yellow trak."
"It is amazing," the editorial says,
"that the democratic majority of the
senate should be hesitating over the
question whether 'Slacker Bill' should
continue to represent his party as chair,
man of the most important committee in
the senate. It is not whether or not he
is in favor of the termination of filibus
tering methods by the projected change
in me senate ruies. ine iz apostles ot
Kaiserism seem to be tanibline over
themselves to vote right on that ques
"The slaeker never lias 'been any
thing but a politician. He is pro-German,
first, because he believes his re
election to the senate depends upon his
maintaining ford on tno Uerman-Amer
ican vote in Missouri. Tho American
people want a plain American in the
position that tho slacker has held to the
discredit of tho administration of his
own party and if wt-it possible of him-
seir. And the tmie is now or never.
If he is re-elected chairman of the com
mittee on foreign relations he will go
along with bis crowd until the next
crisis conies when he will again display
tho yellow streak."
Demand Resignation.
New York. Mar. 8. Calling for Wil
liam Joel Stone's resignation as chair
man of the senate foreign relations
committee, the New York Morning
vtona rouay saiu:
"Under disguiset as transparent as
any assumed by the innumerable agents
of the kaiser's propaganda in this coun
try, he has been . revealed time and
again as one who, in the presence of
Germany, would equivocate,-abate and
even sacrifice American rights.
"He has made this plain from the day
of the Lusitania horror, wkich is dis
missed as lightly as any junker and for
which he found as many excuses as any
instructed 'German-American.' In all
essentials involving Germany he has
been persistent tn opposition to the
United States and yet has retained a
senate chairmanship which gi"cs him
immense influence upon the foreign
policy of the United States."
The New York Morning Sun bitterly
attacks Senator Stone, declaring he
should be deprived of his chairmuri-
"No fact in the record of William J.
Stone entitles him to the important and
confidential office he holds today,"
said tho Sun. "His continuance there
in constitutes a menace to the safety
of the United States. His disappearance
therefrom would take a load of fear off
the mind of every patriotic American
at home and abroad."
Portland, Ore., Mar. 8. At-
torneys agreed today that recall
could not be used against Sen-
ator Harry Lane as he is a fed-
eral official and not subject to
state provisions in this regard.
Hoiycver, petitions for a recall
election were still being circu-
lated, as were petitions asking
that he lesign. These documents
charged him with refusing to
stand by the president on tho
armed ship bill.
American Radiator
Company Cuts Big
Melon In Dividends
West Orange, N. J., Mar. 8 Stock
holders of the American Radiator com
pany, in special meeting here today,
out a melon of $4,092,800 when they
provided that stock to this amount be
issued on March 15 as a special 50 per
cent dividend.
The stockholders voted an increase in
tho capitalization from $9,000,000 to
$22,000,000. The special dividend will
be part of this increase.
A regular quarterly dividend of three
per cent will be declared on March 21
and will apply on the new issue.
At the annual meeting of the stock-
I uviwib " u i v. w icvi:ucu 1 11 - jejunal
meeting the old board of directors iero
L 1 1.. ;..U 1..
Rebel General Gomez and His
Staff of 300 Taken
More Than 100 Rebels Killed
-AH But Leaders Will Be
Pardon? d
Bv Fred S. Ferguson
(Uni'ed Press staff correspondent)
Havana. March S. General Gome:'.
chief ol' the I'uoan revolt forces, a
prisoner after a spectacular defeat of
his troops by government, forces, ar
rived at Havana early today on a spe
cial train. He was hurried at once to
the penitentiary under heavy guard.
Others of the three hundred liberal
insurrectionists taken with Gomez late
yesterday in what the government
statement termed "Cuba's biggest bat
tle in history," were expected late
this afternooa. There appears little
doubt but that Gomez is fated to die
for his treason.
Details of the battle received today
were a fresh cause for rejoicing in
Havana. The government forces lost
onlv four killed and twelvo wounded.
while inflictinp drastic defeat on the
rebels. The way the rebellious forces
wero entrapped and their frantic ef
forts to escape would make splendid
opera material.
General Gomez and his party were
flanked on two sides. Then a third
force of the government attacked tho
penned up insurrectos from the rear,
driving them ou$ through a gauntlet of
fire. Those, who. sought to bscape were
for the most part too busy in the bus
iness of escaping to do any shooting
bach at "tho government troops' fussil
lades. An official statement today declared
the government troops are now within
two hours train ride of Santiago, where
the last formidable remnant of the
rebel forces are supposed to be" en
trenched. By Fred S. Ferguson.
(United Press staff correspondent.)
Havana, Mar. 8. The revolution in
Cuba is apparently ended- Capture of
ex-President Jose Miguel Gomez and his
entire staff, leaders of the insurrectos
was expected today to be followed by
sentence of death on these conspirators.
At the same time, there were reports
current here that the remnants of the
(Continued on pave three.)
Six Women On Jury To Try
Thomas Tracy Over Kill
ing at Everett
Seattle, Wash-, March 8 After three
days of exhausting work, six men and
six women were ready today to begin
rying Thomas Tracy tho first of 74
I. W. W.s to face prosecution on a
charge of killing Deputy Sheriff Jef
ferson Beard, during a riot at Everett,
Nov. 5, 191(i, before Judge Konald, in
the superior court.
The selection of two alternate ju
rors provided for by a new state law,
to serve in case any of the regular ju
rors die or become ill, have been drawn
There are three peremptory challenges
to be exercised on these extra talesmen
They will sit with the rest of the
jurors throughout the long trial, which
slate's attorneys believe 'will last at
least two months.
Crowds in attendance have grown ho
large that a barricade has been built
across the hall outside the courtroom
in the federal building and three husky
deputy marshals guard the entrance, al
lowing only 200 persons in the court
room. Prosecutor Llovd Black of Snoho
mish county, declared that he would
probably make his opening statement
this forenoon and that U would last
about an hour. Mrs. Jefferson Beard,
widow of one of the men killed at
Everett, will be the first witness call
ed by the state.
She will be followed by physicians
who attended the wounded on the city
dock at Everett following the shooting-
Des Moines, Iowa, March 8. The
resolution condemning the two Iowa
United States senators for helping to
gag the majority on the armed ncutral-
I ity bill was expunged from the rec
ords of the Iowa legislature yesterday
by unanimous vivo voce vote in the
house. There was no debate.
Four Burn to Death
In Iowa Poor House
Boone, Iowa, Mar. 8. One aged wom
an and three men, all inmates of the
Hoone rounty poor house, eight miles
north of here, were burned to death in
a fire which destroyed the structur at
10 o'clock last night. Fifty-six othr in
mates narrowly escaped in their niirht
There was no fire protection at the
usiuuiion and me Boona fire depart
ment was not railed. Superintendent
Heedwell of the poor farm, aided bv
employes succeeded in getting all to
saiety except the lour aged persons on
the third floor, who lost their lives.
1 he dead are:
Mrs. Oberg,
Peter Feterson.
Unidentified man.
The fire is believed to have started
either in the boiler room or front defec
tive electric wiring between floors. The
three story brick structure wan a total
Orders for Arming Merchant
men May Be Issued at
Any Moment
Washington, March 8. President
Wilson's illness has delayed announce
ment of his decision oir the armed mer
chantmen questioa. .
Evidence increased today, however,
that orders to Secretary Daniels pro
viding for immediate arming- of Am
erican merchant vessels will not be
postponed much longer. It waa stated
by high government officials that tho
president has received assurances- from
legal advisers that he has th right
and power to proceed with "armed
neutrality" despite the senato's fail
ure to act on this measure officially.
On the other hand, there were still
many who believed the president would
ratnen decide to call an extra session
of congress immediately and in viow
of the favorable outlook for limited
debate in the senate, re-introdue the
armed neutrality measure and attempt
to get quick action on it. This, they ar
gued, would remove any possible ques
tion or. iout)t as to tue president's
course ot action m a very critical sit
At noon Dr. Grayson authorized a
statement that the president spent a
restful nignt, but had some fever to
day. '
The president is tired as a result of
trying weeks since the diplomatic
break with Germany and has been or
dered to remain in bed until ho is ma
terially rested and improved. This may
bo several days.
Seattle, Wash., March 8. The Mer
chants Exchange hero reported at 10
o clock yesterday morning that tho ar
my transport Dix was returning to Se
attle under ner own steam and was in
no danger.
Billingsley Who Claims To
Have Bribed Hi Gill
Seattle, Wash., March 8. Logan
Billingsley, chief witness for tho gov
ernment in its conspiracy case against
Mayor Gill, Chief of Police liecking
hani, ex-Sheriff Robert Hodge and
four city detectives, was scheduled to
take tho stand as first witness in the
trial in the most sensational .enso in
Seattle's history today.
Billingsley, as director of a syndi
cate of liquor smugglers, will testify
that he paid $4,000 to tho mnyor, $1,
200 to. tho chief of police, $1500 to the
sheriff's gubernatorial campaign fund
and regular percentage payments to
the detectives, in order to protect li
quor shipments from seizure, accord
ing to prosecufa'.uf officers today.
The defense will try to prove that
Billingsley ingeniously manufactured
evidence with which ho baited the
government authorities and directed
them against the oficials, because of
a grudge he held againHt them.
Billingsley, 30 years, of age, came
to Seattlo when, the state went dry
and smuggled and wholesaled whiskey
on an enormous scale. Two of his whis
key selling drug stores fell under the
police axe. Two policemen and Billings
were killed shrdlu cinfwyp up up upp
ley's Japanese warehouse watchman
were killed in a gun fight during one
encounter. He is tho most picturesque
figure in tho trial anil is expeeted to
spend at least three days on tho wit
ness stand. It Is estimated that Bill
ingsley 's booze operations netted him
more than a quarter of a million dol
lars in less than a year.
Tho Pendleton East Oregonian pro
claims that never in its history has
its business at this time of tho year
surpassed that of the present. "And
a newspaper," it truly observes further,
"is a good index to tho community's
Norris Defends Obstruction
ists But Is In Favor of
Stone Pledges SuDoort Ta
Amendment and Others
Get Good
Washington, Mar. 8. The secred sen
ate prerogative of limitless debate, (he
rule for 10!) years may pass into history
withiu 48 hours, possibly sooner.
This was indicated today when tha
wilful 12" senators who in the closing
hours of .thi congress bloeked Presi
dent Wilson's plans of armed neutral
ity, admitted no means remained at
their command of further hindering
passage of the rule.
VV ith unlimited weeks before tho sen
ate, the "wilful brethren" abandoned
all hope of gaming their ends by con
tinued miouster. while several will
take the floor to make their position
clear before tho country their now fa
mous last stand is a think of tho past.
Bitter denunciation by Senator Sher
man of President Wilson's statement
that it would be useless to call an extra
session of congress until tho senate
rules wore amended marked the opening
of tho battle for a cloture amend
ment. Sherman, however, reiterated his ap
proval of armed neutrality, declaring
it justified by the German mandate
of unrestricted, submarine warfare and t
the "kaiser-mikado-t'arraiiza plot."
This, he said, was sufficient evidence of
"hostile intent, whether it would nave
come to any practical end or not."
Took Fling at Republicans.
He also took a fling at republicans
'who are now heaping abuse upon fho
heads of 'the wilful' after they them- '.
selves had vonnived in the filibuster."
Since a filibuster could not in an ex
tra session prevent passage of the arm
ed neutrality bill, Sherman held tho
president merely taking advantage ;
of the present crisis o p'ermanen'ly
alter the. senate nites. " '
"He is seeking to absolve himself
from his long delay in protecting Ameri
can lives by discrediting the few men
who objected to a hasty' decision in the
closing hours of congress after his pro
crastination had prevented sufficient
time for consideration," shermaa-said.
Sherman defended the "little group
of wilful men" as doing what' they
did because they thought they 'fiuld
save "the unnumbered souls arising
from the battle field of a 'possible fu
ture; 'for th-j widows in black and for
the men behind the plow- whose red
American blood might be spilled on a
foreign strand."
Senator Stone pledged his support to
tho amendment, although he explained
he realized it is to be used for the
particular purpose of passing the arm
ed neutrality bill, to which I am un
alterably oppesed."
stone favored a majority vote feature
(Continued on Tagc Three )
San Francisco Has
Fire Costing $200,000
San Francisco, March 8 The nlanfc
of tho Stoiger Terracotta Pottery com
pany, South San Francisco was almost
totally destroyed early today by a Tire
believed to be of incendiary origin.Tha
damage iB estimated at $200,000, par
tially covered by insurance.
A dozen bujldings, . four of -'them'
largo structures, were burned, only the
stable, packing Bhed and offico escap
ing. The plant has been closed for three,
weeks as the result of labor trouble.
W. K. Dennison, president of the com
pany, -declared today that ho bad no
doubt incendiaries had started tho
The San Francisco and South Snn
Francisco firo departments were- sum
moned but could do little, ns the in
tenso heat caused tho water mains to
burst. ' ' v -
Oregon : To
night and Friday
ruin west, rain er
snow cast por
tion: southerly