Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, March 05, 1917, Image 1

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    ll) Doit
ii in Hi hi in II mmm iiLiiiniiii ,1 if
of wilful me;: representing
no opinion boot own"
"They filibustered the Neutrality Bill to Death and Left the
Great Government of the United States In a Helpless and
Contemptible Position Before the Worlds-Will Not Call
Extra Session Unless Senate Changes Its Rules, So It
Can Act
Washington, March 5. President Wilson wants quick
action by the United States senate to change the rules
and permit rapid passage of an "armed neutrality" meas
ure when he calls an extra session of congress to rein
troduce the bill.
Admitting that his hands are tied by ancient statutes
which forbid him arming merchant vessels and taking
other means of protecting American rights, the president
is relying on the senate to act "and save the country from
In bitter excoriation of "the little group of wilful men,
representing no opinion but their own," who filibustered
the neutrality bill to death, the president has declared
"the great government of the United States" is in a
' 'helpless and contemptible" position before the world.
It was the plan of administration senate leaders to
read the president's proclamation of last night in the
upper body today if it remains convened in extra session
Jong enough before closing to witness the inaugural
It is now evident the president will call an extra ses
sion of congress just as soon as the senate, now in extra
session, acts upon changing the rules of unlimited debate.
Ntw Rules for Senate.
Wulil this is (.lone the president de
c In red his formal statement, "the
paralysis Of the Neimte" with "no
by (virion dilatory tactics can be pre
vented," would continues
Calling attention to the facf that
"more than 500 of the 531 members of
congress were ready and anxious to
act," the president declared nothing
could be accomplished "because a little
group of 11 senators so determined.
The position of the president is strik
iugiy set forth in the following past
gn from his statement:
"In the immediate presence of a ;
rut fraught with more subtle and fat
....!.;., ...... ;i.:i::..., .i I
any other the government has
tdown within the whole history of its
international relations, the congress baa
been unable to act either to safeguard!"1" l ' , "oml ,nat ,nov t!,v01t'd P
country or to vindicate the elcmen-
lure rights o. its citizens.
' ' Although aa a matter of fact the
nation and the representatives of the
nation stand behind the executive wlih
unprecedented unanimity and spirit, the
impression mode abroad will, of course,
lie that, it is not so and that other gov
ernments may act as they please with
out fear that this government can do
anything at all. We cannot explain.
The explanation is incredible.
"The senate of the dated States is
the only legislative body in the world
which cannot act when its majority is
ready for action.
Ships Cannot Be Armed.
"A little group of wilful men, repre
Renting no opinion but their own. have
rendered the great government of the
Vnited States helpless and contemptible.
"The remedy? There is but one rem
edy. The onlv remedy is that the rules
of the senate shall be so altered that it
can act. The coiurtrv enn b
be relied upon 1
to draw the moral. I believe that the
senate can be relied on to supply the ,
means of action and save the country '
from disaster "
The president's In lie; that he l,n,l fl.
... .! inn, nan tne
power to arm merchant ships despite the
action of the senate was dissipated
,vhea his leaal advise,, discine! a
Biaime pnssou by congress in 181i di
wk :.. . ,
"the commander find ercv. of nnv mcr-
Chant vessel of the United Slates owned !
wholly or in part by a eitizen thereof
mav oDirose nn,l ,lefe,l ,.0!,i.t
aion whieh shall 'he attempted upon!.. . '
such vessel by the commander and erewi HMirV m!Khr M
of anv arme.l vessel -ht.., nf v..JllC,MJ Ul
lag a public armed vessel of some nation
in ainity with the I'nited States."
rl'hi i& til.' inn.' tvlii..!. mtmm ,-..,.... !
Im k .1 i:- x m i
the president. Seniors lX. HlSl
. . i i iL: -
-ebute that to arm merchant Sjfrf22 iLEZlt
miless the power asked bv the president r bw" ' '
wa authorized would give the vessels. Meister was shot and killed last
thejUMu o private A tfcrtr erewaj, la Sprauger'., artment, The
L i , 3 , police soy Spranger almits doing the
.Submannes, officials declare, are pub-; shooting. He declares that Meiste?, nn
he vessels of a country not at war wrth . reasonably jealous of bis wife, rushed
the I nited States and heuee the presi into the room snapping an unloaded re
dent's hands are tied. ; voivPr. llelieving that Meister was trv
Action la Prevented. jig to kill him, Spranger fired two
1 welve senators, led by Senator La shots, according to the police
Follette and encouraged by Senator Mr. Meister was playing cards with
Stone, democratic chairman of the for-1 Spranger when Meiater appeared She
eign relations' committee, in a filibust-! tied and did not witness her husband's
r, denounced by President Wilson 'aj death. When arrested, Spranger mani
Sokesmen as the moat reprehensible in 1. '..ted groat coolness. He wat booked
history ci nnv civilized nation, de- ion a charge of murder, but no formal
fied the will of an overwhelming ma- complaint has been issued yet.
, n.
, ! i ' " riuiwuUKWTS
jority in congress up to tlie last minute
yesterday and denied to the president a
'IIW authorising him to arm American
ii Tenant snips to meet tne 'icrmnn suo
marine menace.
Unyielding throughout 2(i hours of
continuous session to appeals that their
defiance of the president would be
humiliating to the country; uncompro
mising in a crisis described to them as
the most serious to the nation since the
Civil war, La Follettc and his small
group of supporters refused a majority
of their cnlleno-iiPR ni nrmnrtimttv t
voto 011 ,,, amwJ uetrality bill, and it
died with the .Sixty-fourth congress at
76 Senators Sign Manifesto.
To fix responsibility before the coun
lP "' "'"ntors. JO republicans and 4b
LaeTOOCrJ signed n inanitesto proclaim-
age of the measure
This declaration, embodied in the rec
ord of the senate, referred to the fact
that the house Thursday night had pass
ed n similar bill by a vote of 403 to 13
and also recited that the senate rule
permitting unlimited debate gave a
small minority opportunity to throttle
the will of the majority.
Thirteen senators declined to sign the
declaration, but Senator Penroae, re
publican, of Pennsylvania, announced
that he would have voted for the bill
had opportunity been afforded him.
Twelve Constitute Opposition.
The 12 who went on record with the
13 members of the house against grant
ing to President Wilsou the authority
he asked from congress in the crisis
Republicans C'lapp, Minnesota: La
Follette, Wisconsin; Cummins. Iowa;
Gronna, North Dakota; Keuvon, Iowa;
Norris, Nebraska; Works, California.
"FST 'ru ' "?! l an,-
JJemocrnts Kirby, Arkansas; Lane
Vr - " ' . .orK; tone'
MT Tl , A . ,1S81S.B1PP1- . ,
wth them in opposition
fo the arnl!,d neutrality bill were the!
folI?wi"g icpresentatives who voted
;, r. ,- . ... ,
-"" """7 ""Km:
r RoPulj'l!!ans T Benedict, California;
Uavis, Minnesota: Hele-esen. Xnrth
Dakota; Lindberg, Minnesota; Nelson,
Wisconsin; Btartora, Wisconsin; Wil
son, Illinois.
n"f 8"cUefOT' .ls
'i '.i iTi h"
Socialist London, Nev York.
Democrats Shnekleford. Missouri!
Portland Is Killed
rorUnml, Or.. March ;. Klf
I'nvl In ml
fSS astho Plea vaneed today by
wmk, mirtHl saioonKeep-
i.mn mi. .Miranner, reiirca saioonluym
VmLAH K flfl "V Villi irtrvTH lVXlVjS
Thunders of Applause anil
Continuous Cheering On
Line of March
Crowds Catch Spirit As Mar
tial Music Is Played and
"Mark Time"
Washington, March 5 Guarded as
no president has been before, Presi
dent Wilson left the white house short
ly after 11 O'clock to UY tn tin. nnilnl
lor his second inauguration.
At the last minute plans were ehang
ed so that additional protection would
be given the president as he rode down
Pennsylvania avenue.
A hollow square was formed by a
squadron of the; Second United States
cavalry troop. Within this moving
square was the president's automobile,!
an automobile immediately behind ear-,
rving secret sen ice men and a score!
of secret service men and guards, to- '
gptner with a chosen few newspaper
men on foot.
Outside this square was another of,
mounted and foot police. Then double
lines of police from Washington and I
How V'ork forces, and special police
and Main clothes men between tho I
crowded pavements and the outer!
(Continued or? page two.)
Reform an' economy have ever been
used t ' git in on. Mis Fawn Lippincur
has got an aunt who is a pieketreaa in
$ $ ;
"" " ' V Oil KJ
Thrill of War Ran Through
Inaugural Ceremonies
President Sounds Note
By Carl D. Groat.
(United Press staff correspondent.)
Washington, March 5. Planked by
thousands upon thousands of his coun
trymen. President Wilson was inducted
into his second term touay.
The spirit of the time harked back to
the days of Lincoln. The thrill and
solemnity of war was stamped upon the
simple democratic ceremony, though a
strain of peace ran through the proceed
ings too.
ft was just 12:47 o'clock when Wil
son kissed the Bible, completing the
oath which he had taken twice within
two days.
Standing with bared head, he accept
ed the solemn, serious gift of a nation
still at peace, but touched on all sides
by the flames of war.
Behind the blare of martial music, be
hind the patriotic clamor of the throngs,
behind the pomp and spleudor of inarch
ing soldiers, marines, civilians, the -ear
note rang clear.
President Sounds War Notes.
The president himself sounded it, say
ing we might perforce be compelled to
take more active part in the great sine,'
glo. But, at the same time, he pro
nounced a new peace doctrine for the
whole world.
At 12:30 o'clock the president appear-
ed at the front door leading from the
(Continued on page three.)
Makes Brief Address and Ad
ministers Oath to New
Washington, March 5 Vice-l'i -esideut
j Marshall too!; the oath of oi'fice for hisl
! second term at 12:01 today four mi&-1
1 utes behind schedule time.
Standing bosidc his usual seat on the
senate rostrum, the vice-president heard
the oath administered by Senator Sanls
bury, president pro tempore of the sen-
Vice-President Marshall assumed his1
cnair after a vacation since noon yes-i
terday, when his first term ended, with ;
Speaker Clark of the house beBide him. i
Then he launched into his inaugural ad-'
dress, one of the shortest on record.
What Marshall Said.
Washington. March 5 Expressing the I
belief that the world is moving forward i
"to a far off divine event wherein ton-j
e ne will be blended in the language '
of a common brotherhood," Vice-l'resi-'
dent Marshall today outlined hiai
'creed lollowing his induction into
"Custom calls for utterance of a few
words upon this occasion; otherwise I
would gladly remain silent," said the
"It may not be inapporpriate to ex
press my gratitude for the little name
less, unnumbered and oft times remem
bered acts of courtesy and charity
shown nt by the members of this body
i the senate) during the last four years;
and to express my regret over the van
ishing faces of those who are reaving
and to welcome those who in a few
moments are to become our co-workers
(Continued on page four.)
National Labor Leader In
Speech Before Reichstag
So Classifies Him
Admission Made That Ger
many Went ;Too far In
Mexican Affair
By John Grandens.
(United Press staff correspondent.)
Herlin, March 5, Germany 'a self de
fensive offer of nn alliance with Mex
ico "may reveal to Americans the dan
gers into which President Wilson is
leading them," according to Georges
Bernhardt writing today in the Vossi
sche Zcitung.
"it was our duty," he declared, "to
enlist as an ally America's most bit
ter enemy but the offer proved the
salvation of Wilson's reputation when
he played it as a tramp. We should not
have offered Mexico, American terri
tory. :Me.ico is on the defensive against
Americans and therefore should merely
have been tendered assist uuce.' '
Wilson p, Theorist.
Berlin, via Nayville wireless, March 5.
"President Wilson i a theorist, re
mote from the world who looks upon
the world as a chemist III, i , . T - , hi.
doesn't know Europe, but considers
himself justified to be her teacher," de
clared Herr Stresemauii, national liberal
party leader, in the reichstag todav. His
remarks, as issued'by the official' press
bureau, included these statementes:
"The rupture with the nited States
was welcomed by nobodv. but in the
case of the United States; the unlimited
possibilities of neutrality had become ap
parent. I heard two election speeches
by President Wilson."
After declaring Wilson a "theorist"
as outlined above, the speaker con
tinued: "German-Amerienns did everything
'Continued on na six.
Tin? fBV 1 Turn a
inc. iruunra i
hands lMirl
Oregon : To-
night and Tues
! day gen erally
fair, westerly
winds, moderate
near the coast.
Says Conditions "May Require More Immediate Association
With War Than Armed NeutraKtyw--Wants Freedom of
Seas Equal To All-Equality of Nations In AD Privileges,
Limitation of World Armaments, and Destruction of
"Armed Balance of Power"
By Robert J. Bender,
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Washington, March 5.--President Wilson sounded a
new doctrine of internationalism and world peace in his
inaugural address today but in the same breath warned
the United States may require "a more immediate asso
ciation with the war than mere armed neutrality.
He spoke of a unity of American thought, spirit and
action and voiced the view that this must be an Amer-
icamsm steeped in world
i national view of the past.
His principal plea for world peace, spoken before the
thousands attending his second inauguration, called for:
Limitation of world armaments.
Equal interest and responsibility of . all nations for
maintaining peace.
Equality of nations in all matters of right or privilege.
Destruction of the "armed balance of power."
That all the world should support no other power than
the view that "governments derive all their just powers
from the consent of the governed."
Freedom of the seas equal to all.
Crushing of any attempts within a nation to organize
or assist a revolution against another nation.
Electric with th espirit of patriotism
of Americanism, of a new world unity,
the speech solemnly suggested that
despite the war fires raging and des
pite the possibility that this nation I
must take a broader hand, still that
peace is coming soon.
(iHl.. 1 1 .
j.ne biuuiows inai now lie dark up
on our path will soon be dispelled,"
the president declared.
Armed neutrality is our stand, ho
said, yet this may not suffice.
''We have been obliged to arm our
selves to make good our claim to a cer
tain minimum of right, and of jfreedom
of action." he declared, on this sub
ject. ''We stand firm in .v.ned neutrality
since it seems that in nj -ther way can
we demonstrate what it is wC insist
upon, and cannot forego. "
A hush followed (his.
Then y.dvely, he I eel i imed
"We may even be drawn upon, by
circumstances not bv own purpose oor !
lesire, to a more active assertion of,Jl . ,',''ora .r ',,K'"r variety and
our rights as ve
them ind a more
nssociatron witn tho grcit.
struggle itself."
Any secli step, !,e assure .1, however.
will be with unsclt'iut purpose--not
11 i'--lilili
witti any view of congest .r national ,
aggrui dizement
Tm l nited Stales cinnot, it it
wishes, longer stand apart in isjlalion
it lUtist regard i m If as a w ild en
Woodrow Wilson, President
Horn at Staunton, Va., December 2K, 18")ti, the son of Rev. Jos
eph B. and Mrs. Jessie Woodrow Wilson.
I'assed his boyhood in tho snith, residing at Augusta, Ga., Colum
bia, S. ( ., and Wilmington, N. (,'., where his father occupied pulpits.
Entered Princeton college in 1879 and was graduated with high
honors four years later.
Entered the law department of the University of Virginia in the
fall of 1871) and received his diploma in 1881.
Opened a law office in Atlintn in May 1882, and continued to
practice his profession there for 18 months.
In I880 became professor of history and political economy at Byrn
Remained at Bryn Mawr tftree years, when he resigned to accept
a similar professorship at WesLyan university.
Resigned his chair at Wcs cyan in 18(H) to become a professor of
jurisprudence and politics at P.inceton university.
Elected president of Prince on university in 1802, to succeed Dr.
Francis L. I'atton.
Named bv the Democratic party for governor of New Jersey in
1910, elected in November of tiat year, aad inaugurated January 17,
Elected twenty-eighth presi lent of the United States November
."), 1912, receiving 135 electoral votes out of n total of 581,
Resigned the governorship of New Jersey March I, 191.1, in antici
pation of his inauguration ag president.
Inaugurated president of the United States March 4. 191J, the
first Democrat fo hold the office in If) years.
Reelected president November 7, 1910, by an electoral vote of 277
to 23L
Inaugurated for second tern March 4, 1917, the first time since
Jackson's administration that a Democrat succeeds himself to the
Thomas Riley Marshall, Vice President
Horn at North Manchester, rid., March 14, 18T4.
Educated at Wabash college.
Profession, lawyer. '
Entered active life M lawyer in Columbia City, lad., 1875.
Practicing attorney 1875-19J9.
Governor of Indiana 1909-13.
Vice president of the Vnitjd States 1913-1917.
Reelected vice president, th first vice president to succeed him
self in 88 yean.
spirit instead of the isolated
tiiy, 1 li'nk and aet
world spirit.
trims of this
Mv Fellow Citizens:
THE four years which havo
elapsed since last I stood
in this place have been
crowded with counsel and
action of the most vital
interest and consequence.
Perhaps uo equal period in our history
has been so fruitful of important re
forms in our economic and industrial
life or so full of lignirieant changes in
the spirit and purpose of our political
action. Wo hav sought very thought
fully to set our house in order; correct
the grosser errors and abuses of our in
dustrial life, liberate and quicken the
processes of our national genius and en
ergy and lift our politics to a broader
y,,,w 01 ,no people s essential interests.
l ingular distinction. But I shall not at
tempt to review it. It spenks for itself
land will be of increasing influence aa
the years go by. This is not the timu
for retrospect. It is lime, rather, to
!, ,,, , '
"', ;" ' ; ' 7 , ' :
I ut lire
we have centered counsel
(Continued on page sis.)