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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (March 3, 1917)
OVER 4300 DAILY
FORTIETH YEAR NO. 54
SALEM, OREGON, SATURDAY, MARCH 3, 1917
PRICE TWO f.FMTQ OH TBAINB ANB Him
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AN AN IS NH S mm Uttl ;
SENATE WIIH Mill
Opposition to Armed Neutrality
Statement Is Read-President Will Sign Bill At Once and j
Issue Orders for Arming Merchant Ships for Defense
Details of Enormity of Plot Are Still Withheld
By Robert J. Bender,
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Washington, March 3. Germany's unabashed
knowledgment today of conspiracy to align Japan and
Mexico for invasion of the United States appears to have
removed the last vestige of opposition in the senate to the
armed neutrality bill.
First news of the Berlin admission was conveyed to
the senate in United Press dispatches, read into the record
at the request of Senator Brandegee.
They created a profound impression on Senators, be
ing re-read by unanimous request.
It made absolutely certain that before midnight Pres
ident Wilson will have the fullest authority of congress
to arm American merchantmen against submarine at
tacks and uphold American rights at sea, "through other
Republicans, amazed at what some called "brazen" ad
mission from Berlin, announced that the measure would
have their ungrudging support.
LaFollette Is Silent.
Senator LaFollette loomed as
great unknown quantity,
up to noon he had maintained an om
inous silence. Kcuublicans and demo
rats alike were in the dark as to his!
"Of course, if LaFollette wants to, ' '
one leader said, "lie can defeat the bill I
A roll call will be demanded, and it is
question whether be will undertake to
go on record before the country as re
fusing to uphold the president 's hands
in lliis crisis. ' '
Senator Brandegee, Connecticut. Duell
ed the debate on the bill at the close of
the morning routine, urging unison 0f : "inching course now than in an uuter
all factions in a face-about against Uer-' tai" Senator Hitchcock declared.
many. He declared war should inline
diately result if Germany should sink
another American ship after arming by
"If another of our vessels is sunk
this action by the congress then i
tero would be war if this country is Stone Qives K UP-
fit to live," shouted Brandegee "The! As "''hale progressed there was more
president says ships should bo armed ' auJ more evidence that the measure ul
l it becomes necessary. Great God, I ,illlat'1.v w" go through. Even Senator
Mi. President, isn't it necessary if We 'ot if be known that while he op
keep to the ;ions at all? posed it he will not prevent its pass-
Moii't you stand up ami fight like ,
men, or will you lie on vour backs?
"Shall we sit supinely by and allow
the edict of a foreign potentate to de
Btroj American commerce?
" Must we wait until the slaughter r.e
t ually comes? ' '
"It. is timidity, as the president says,
for our merchantmen to hug the
shores," Brandegee continued. "It
would be manslaughter, however, for
them to leave without being armed
Rgainat the homicidal mania that is now
scouring the seas.
"Germany is even now waging war
against us and wc hesitate to defend
Would Grant Full Power.
"I am willing to vote this authority
to the president and further direct him
to use any menus necessary- to bring
this state of war to a successf.jl end."
Senator Fail, New Mexico, followed
Brandesroe. stntinf thai ihn ncni, r,t
in. ion woiiiu ue.
"The president knows if congress
pa-ses this bill it amounts to a declara
tion of unlimited w ur. "
Asked by Senator Reed, Missouri, the
Miss Tawney Apple has been pre
sented with a handsome sniokin' iacket
by her skatin' class. Who remembers
when beauty i-sed t' be only skin deep
insreaa or nearly an inch:
Bill Ceases As Zimmerman
lattitudc of congress as to a declaration
I Of actual war, Fall retorted: "Congress
would declare war in 15 minutes if
. , necessary.
1 '"' Reneral attitude of senators was
that arming of merchantmen! would lay
the country open to actual war, but that
11 11 musr c01" otter America's un
questioned pat ience, then let it come. ' '
"If an American ship is now sunk,"
Senator Brandegee said, "or, in view of
the German attitude, if one of our arm
ed ships sinks an approaching sub
marine, war will come-"
mere is tar more safety in an un
oenaior ran declared mat it would be
8 public calamity for congress to re
main in session during the next two
j months, and held that the duty to pro
tect American rights is manifestly vest-
0J ,h'' executive branch.
There was one bis Question mark in
the whole proceedings.
Bob LaFollette. fighting senator, who
has "gone it alone" before in the mat
ter of opinion, refused early this aft
ernoon even to be "counted out."
While Brandegee and Fall were speak
ing, he retired to the cloak room and
was soon lost in restful sleep. He has
always before taken such restful cat
naps before starting out on his noted
Just before turning his face to the
wall he was asked about his attitude
by another senator. He replied that!
lie resented any questioning on the niut-j
After holding the floor for more than'
an hour Senator Fall concluded bvj
pledging his support to the bill. Senator
Stone then got the floor, and said:
"The president has kept us out pf
war with Mexico; ne has kept us out Of
"or in Europe
(t- - - . ,
I would rather trust him than the,
horde of w eaklings about him who dail
try their kites to see which way tnu
wind is blowing "
Would Trust Fresiaent.
Stone declared he would rather trust
the president than the "jingoes who are
so prevalent in some sections of the
"Iu congress," he added, "I am sor
ry to say that the men who are clamor
ing for war arc dominant.
He said he was opposed to involving
the United States in the great wai
without "infinitely more provocation
than we have had."
I Stone said he believed the president
, "is in sympathy with this view."
1 "The president wants oeace." he
said. "I think he is hone-st about it.
' Congress can put us into the war, but
the president can do more than all oth
ers to keep us out of war."
I Referring to the Mexican situation,
Stone said that Americans had been
ruthlessly killed in Mexico and that the
1 president had been subject to great
pressure 10 torce to war upon .Mexico.
"Instead of wanting to hurt .Mex
ico," he said, "the president wants to
Before beginning the speech Stone of
fered his amendment to both the senate
end house armed shin bills. The Ston
aniendment would prevent Uuited States
; sailors from being assigned to merchant
' vessels to operate guae would refuse
gun to ships carrying munitions, and
supplies to belligerent nations, nud re
fuse convoys to such ships.
"Such Men Aa We."
for four years," Stone said. "I've
worked by the side of the president and
enjoyed his friendship and esteem- I've
(Continned on page six.)
January 19. Foreign Hecre
tary Zimmerman forwarded
lli much Ambassador Vou Benin
torff a letter Haying "we shall
give financial support aud Mex
ico in to reconquer New Mex
ico, Texas anil Arizona. The
president of Mexico should coin
niunicate with .Japan suggesting
adherence to this plan "
February 27 Speaking in the
reichstag, "Chancellor Hethmnnn
Hollweg said: "Friendly rela
tions between us and America
had been carefully promoted.
We honored them as an heirloom
of Frederick the Great.
President Wilson brusquely
broke off relations. This break
ing of relations is without prece
dent in hietory. ' '
March 3. Foreign Secretary
Zimmerman admits and justifies
attempt to have Mexico and
Japan war on America on the
ground no action was intended
unless America declared war
and also because America hail
herself "plotted" against Ger
many in urging neutrals to make
common cause against her.
VILLA AGENTS ID
They Were In Detroit To
Buy Autos and Repeated
Toledo, Ohio, March 3. "The ac
tivity of Germany in Mexico, revealed
in the German plot letter, was known
among Detroit motor ear manufactur
ers at least three weeks before the let
ter was given to the public," said
Theodore F. MacManus of Toledo and
Detroit, one of the country's leading
advertising men. here today. """"
Fancho Villa V secretary, an Ameri
can, and his brother, were in Detroit
recently, trying to buy two hundred
automobiles for Villa ' army. They had
plenty of money and certificates, They
were unable to get the cars, Mae Manns
said, the manufacturers taking the po
sition that the sale would -lie unfair
considering the strained relations be
tween the countries.
"The secretary seemed very much
surprised and during one of the con
ferences he made the statement that
Carranza was being financed by Her
man money and that Villa was receiv
ing backing from Japan," said Mac
Manus. "This information has been in the
hands of the government at Washing
ton for days.
"The secretary said that 50 per cent
of the men in Villa 's command are
American army deserters. Ho said only ! session immediately though they admit
one, a machine gun operator, very bit-! ted that failure of pending supply bills
ter against the United States, would ' might mnke it necessary to haven sea
fight for Mexico against the United sion in June or threreabouts for appro
States, however. priations.
"The secretary made it plain that Congress Should Be Siting.
Villa had plenty of money. He said. Republicans said an extra session was
of course, the ears could be secured, essential; that war was evidently at
but he hoped to get them at factory. '
prices." (Continued on page three.)
"Rain or Snow" Is Prediction
for Inaugural Ceremonies
Washington. March .'!. A n.lmr
r. , --
foggy day,, pervaded with gloom of the!
sort that only
V aslnngton inaugural i
weatiier can Dung, dawned today to
greet the thousands of Americans who! from the exclusive political clubs from
came to town to see the president in- big-town districts that maintain the a)
augurated. ( principles of the democ racv by force of
Regiments of tanned troops fresh i free meals and fists were parading in-
from the border; regiments of marching ; to town with high hats and fa ney urn-
clubs from every town big enough toibrellas. l
support a cornet band; regiments of
uhildren under the care of loquacious
mothers and dispirited fathers rumbled
into L'nou stution on regiments of trains
and slopped up Pennsylvania nveuue in
the cold, clinging rain to hotels and
boarding house, which already were fill,
ed with earlier birds.
Mingled wth the music of the bands
of soldiers aud marching clubs and the
wails of infant children, were the taps
of the thousands of hammers thumping
incessantly up and down the avenue
from the capitol to the White House,
putting finishing touches to the parnde
stands, the parade decorations and the
court of honor before the White House-
Kvery " Socsa " in this part of the
country some in red uniforms ai
some in purple inarched in Trora the ;
station at the head of his puffing i
bandsmen, marched through the streets,
defying tho ran, playing marches, ana:
stopped at one or all of the leading ho
tels to go through its repertoire.
Hoping for Monday Clear.
The weather report said today lacon
ically "Rain or snow." The weather ,
man was to say this afternoon what I
Monday would bring. Ho would do it
earlier, remembering the fatal day in
1909, when, in the face of a "clear and
warm" prediction, Washington greeted j
isuurs wan nonn poie weatner, mclud-;
ing a foot of slush and almost certain
A hint, though, early today, that it
IN GALLERIES AS
Appropriation Bills May Be
Held Up To Force Extra
ADJOURNMENT WILL BE
Republicans Serve Notice
They Will Force Pres
By Carl D. Groat.
(I'nited Press stiff correspondent.)
Washington. March 3 The second
session of the Sixty-fourth congress will
adjourn sine die at noon tomorrow,
president wants it will go through both
erni Hours arter noon Sunday, but to
night the congress clocks will be stop
ped and set right again only after the
present congress is history.
There will be no extra session until
June at the earliest unless interna
tional possibilities make it essential that
senate and house meet sooner.
President Wilson today sent word to
his legislative leaders that he would not
call the Sixty-fifth congress into extra
ordinary session unless the Sixty fourth
fails to paee the armed neutrality meas
ure. It is confidentially predicted by
leaders of both parties thiii bill as the
president wants it will go through bith
The first work of the next congress
when it is called in, and after the month
or more that may be necessary for or
ganization, will be to pass any appro
priation lost in the ruck by the dying
Wilson Stands Firm.
Even it' the army appropriation bill
one. of the most important which con
gress handles is lost, the president is
determined not to call the extra session
Senator Lodge and other republican
leaders have been openly fighting for.
Admission a Clincher.
Washington, March 3. Germany 's
admission today in a United Press dis
patch from Berlin that she plotted Mex
ico against the United States clinched
republican determination for an extra
ses-sion of congress.
This admission, they held, showed
Germany's spirit a spirit heedless of
bringing on v.ar, and perhaps even real
ly desirous qif having the I'nited States
as an enemy,
ITp to the time of the receipt of the!
German admission, however, administrn
tion leaders said there will be no extra
,'',, - ,,,,1,1,,'. ..( ,.i i..nl
. u u. LIU ( i ,111, Illlil, I lUU'M
raised spirits, only until it was found
that it coutdu 'I, be any more cloudy. !
Mnrchinif clubs that ran the annm i
The spectators greeted the soldiers
regulars, militamen, military school'
cadets and boy scouts, each contingent
headed by the usual band. j
Many of the crack military organiza-i
tions of the country were here today or,
were to be here tonight, including the I
Culver Black Horse troop that win cs-l
cort the vice-president aud the cadets j
from the military and naval academics.;
Takes Oath Tomorrow.
In addition to the bad weather, there
was another rift in the inangural lute
the host of sure-thing gamblers and
pickpockets who came to town without
any bands to meet the visitors. They I
were met by almost as many police from
Public buildings will be lighted to-
Bight and the parade course will be
bright heavy lines of colored lights,
At noon tcmorrew President Wilson
will take the formal oath of office, of
ficially launching him upon his second
term as president of the United States.
Chief Justice White will administer
the oath in the president's room at the
Members of the cabinet and the inv
mediate families of President and Mrs.
Wilson will be present. There have been
very few especially invited to attend
as the president desires to have the
function extremely simple.
He will take the oath the second time
on Monday in public when he will deliv
er his inaugural address.
New Tork, March 3 That the
Zimmerman letter proposing that
Mexico and Japan make war
with Germany on the I'nited
States wan "intercepted on its
Way to Mexico City by Amer
ican secret (service agent, at San
Antonio, was hinted today by a
well known Mexican, who ' re
cently arricd here from Mexico
"That's a question thai 's
been bothering a lot of us Mex
icans." said he. "but the Sn,,
Antonio story seems to be a
pretty well grounded us
picion. ' '
A hundred persons, many of
them Germans, applied for and
received passports to Mexico
from the Mexican consulate in
New York in the last 21 hours.
It's No Cinch To Be a
Lady Cop In London
London. Feb. . WANTED Ladies
to act as policemen; must be well edu
cated, and not afraid of work; salary
H a week."
It's no easy matter for a lady to be
come a "bobby" in London. After she
has assured the authorities that she's a
"perfect Inch" and a demon for work,
she must go through the severe course
of sprouts before she can start drawing
her six per.
Here 'a the test :
Keport Tor roll call at 9:30
morning of the week. Start at one
patrol work, and Inter go on duty at the
ponce station. In the afternoon more pa
trol work and attendance at the child
ren's court. From 4:00 to 5:00 Lnstrue
tions from inspectors in special duties
from .VOU to 10:00 more patrol wort
to finish up the day.
The lucky ones' who pass the test arc
then sent to the munitions factories
ii ineir joo doesn't go up in the sir
they get a uniform and after reporting
to "Millie" Dawson, chief officer of
the Womens Police Service, start at
work keeping the pace.
Ambassador Fletcher Pre
sents Credentials to Mex
Guadalajara, Mevico, March 8.
I'nited States Ambassador Kletcher
formally presented his credentials to
First Chief Carranza today, marking
the complete restoration of diplomatic
interchange between Mexico and the
I'nited States and the final step in en-
The occasion was to be made the
foromal occasion for a ceremony of
great pomp. Ambassador Fletcher was
received with extraordinary honors, ac
corded the salutes of a general division
in the ni my and granted respectful
tribute by officials and the people at
Fletcher's first official a
bassador was expected to bi
t as am-prescntn-Mi'xicai.
I tion of an inquiry at th
foreign office requesting
I from that government as to its position
with regard to the United States. The
! inquiry was ordered from Washington
tin view of the revelations of Germany's
I attempt to align Mexico and' Japan
Jn view of the government's dis-
avowal that such a plan was ever
j broached bv the German Ambassador,
formal answer reiterating .Mexico 's
!.. .:. iv. n:ij
Ullllllllt II II, I I I , I . I I ' JUI IIIU III,''.
States is expected at once.
(Continued on page four.)
KING DANGEROUSLY ILL
Rome, March 3. King Ferdi
nand of Bulgaria, is dangerously
ill at an Austrian health resort,
according to advices here today.
King Ferdinand was lio years
old on February 2fi. He assumed
the government in 1887 after ab
dication of Prince Alexander.
The above ia the first word of
his illness. Ho was last report
ed in attendance at the confer
ence at the German kaiser's
headpuarters on January 27
when the unlimited submarine
warfare was decided upon.
THE WEATHER I
night and Sunday
cloudy and oeca
s ionally threaten
t u r e changes;
frntS IS THE
ADMITS LETTER GENUINE
Justifies Action On Account of What He Calls "America's
Pro Ally Sentme-Was No More Plot Than the United
States' Attempt to Align South America Against Germany
-Letter Was Not To Be Used, He Says, Unless War
Berlin, via Sayville wireless, March .'.Foreign Secre
tary Zimmerman today justified Germany's action in
seeking to ally Mexico and Japan against the United
Such a course, he said, was merely a defensive measure
not to be carried out except in case the United States
declared war on Germany.
"Moreover," he said, "it was no more a 'plot' than the
'plot' which was reported in South America newspapers
as having been undertaken against Germany by the
United States when America sought, avm-dino- tn Smith
American and other newspapers reports to line up the
American repuoiics in common action against Germany.
The foreign secretary commented on America's pro-ally
sympathies. He refrained from admitting specifically
his authorship of the letter to Minister Eckhardt at Mex
ico City and his entire discussion of the matter was, he
was careful to state, based on 'English reports' of the
'German plot to get Mexico to declare war against the
United States and to secure Japan's aid against the
Berlin, March 3. (Via Sayville
wiieless.) The official press agency to
day issued the following statement:
"Foreign Secretary Zimmerman was
asked by a staff member of the official
German press bureau about the English
report of a 'German plot revealed to
get Mexico to declare war against the
I'nited State; and to secure Japan's aid
against the United States.'
"The state secretary for foreign af
" 'You understand that it is impos
sible for me lo discuss the facts of this
'revealed plot' jusl at this time nncl
under these circumstances.
1 therefore may be allowed to lim -
it my answer to what is said in the!
hnglish reports, which most certainly
were not inspired by svmnathv with
" 'The Knglish reports expressly
state tnnt itcrmauy expected and wish
ed to remain with the United States on
terms of friendship, but that in case the
l nited States declared war attains!
Germany, we prepared measures of de
fense. I fail to see how such a 'plot'
inspired by unfriendliness on our
'It would mean nothing but that
we would us1 means universally admit
ted in war in case the United States de
" 'The most important part of the al
leged pint H it's conditions and form.
rhe w hole ' plot ' flails flat to the gTound
in case the I in ted States does not de
clare war against us.
And it v.e really, as the report de
clares, considered the possibility of a
hostile act, by the I'nited States against
us, then we really had reasons to do
''An Argentine newspaper which
primed n story a .short while ago really
,' P"'1 to, w umwy tupi
thi1 I nited States last venr 111 tir (mated
I" t,"e otner American republics common
"'"" against i.erniany and lier allies,'
foreign secretary continued.
'This 'plot' was apparently not
AMERICAN LOSSES THROUGH GERMANY'S SEA WARFARE
Washington, March 3. Twenty-three American ships have been at-
tacked, 12 havo been destroyed by mines or submarines, four Amen-
cans have been killed and six have, been wounded in Germany's naval
operations against American shipping since the start of the war, ac-
cording to official statistics available today. The casualties arc exelu-
sive of those resulting from sinking or attacks on British ships, surh
as the Lusitania and Laconia. The list follows:
Bate. Name. Casualties. Particulars.
Feb. 19, 1915 Evelyn I Spaniard Struck mine, lost
Feb. 22, 1915 Carib 3 lost, 1 Am Struck mine, lost.
April 12, 1915 Greenbrier none Struck mine, lost
May 1, 1015 Gulfhght 3 Americans Torpedoed.
May 25, 1915 Nebraskau none Injured by torpedo attack.
July 25, 1915 Leelanaw nono Hunk by submarine.
Nov. 18, 1915 Helen W. Martin.. none Struck mine, lost.
Dec. 3, 1915 Communipaw ...... none Fired on by usbmariae,
Dec. 15, 1915 Petrolite 1 wounded, not Am
Attacked by Austrian submarine
June 18, 1916 Seaconnct none . . Damaged by mine or torpedo.
July 9, 1916 Goldshell none Damaged by mine.
Aug. 14, 1916 Oswego nono Fired on by submarine.
Oct. 1916 Kansan 6 injured .Hunk, probably by a mine. r
Oct. 28, 1916 Lanao none Sunk by submarine.
Nov. 7, 1916 Columbian none Hunk by submarine.
Nov. 26, 1916 Galena none .. Fired on within ,1 mile limit.
Nov. 26, 1916 Chemnng nono .. Sunk by Austrian submarine.
Dec. 10, 1916 St. Helens none Attacked by submarine.
Dec. 14, 1916 Rebecca Palmer... .none Fired on by submarine.
Jan. 9, 1917 Sacramento none Fired on by submarine.
Jan. 21, 1917 Westwego ........none Htoppcd by submarine,
Feb. 3, 1917 Housatonlc none Sunk by submarine.
Feb. 13, 1917 Lyman M. Law ...none Sunk by submarine-
conditional in the least. The news as
published by the newspaper I .a Ptensa
well agreed with the interpretation giv
en, for instance, by the American news
papec man, Edward P. Bell of lndon,
who said that the United States was
only waiting for the proper moment in
order opportunity to assist the entente.
America Aiding Allies.
" 'The same American stated that
Americans from the beginning of the
war really participated in it by puffing
the immense resources of the United
States at the entente's disposal and that,
the Americans had not declared war on
ly because they felt sure that assistance
by 'friendly neutrality would be dunng
that time much more efficient for t.lm
, i ntente than direct participation in the
"Whether this American ewspeper
man reported the facts exartlv. we wei.
at a loss to iudae in satisfactory fash-
ion. since we were more or less com-
pletely cut off from real
tion with the United States.
" 'But there were other facts which
seemed lo confirm thin and similar as-
" 'Everybody knows these facts and
I need not repeat them.
"The entente propaganda services
have sufficiently hearnlded all theso
pro-entente demonstrations in the Uni
ted States. And if you link these demon
strations, together with the actual at
titude of the United States, then it is
obvious that the consideration was not
ftivolous on our part of what defensive
measures we should take if we were at
tacked by the United States.' "
Washington, March 3. Presidejit
Wilson today signed the postoffiee ap
propriation till, carrying the "bone
dry" prohibition provision.
SIGNED LITTLE BILL
Washington, March 3 President WH
son today signed the t -111,000)000 rev