Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, November 20, 1916, Image 1

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FULL tEASED
WIRE DISPATCHES
A
JC '
CIRCULATION IS '
OVER 4000 DAILY
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1
THIRTY-NINTH YEAR NO. 249
SALEM, OREGON, MONDAY,' NOVEMBER 20, 1916
ptjtpt?. two nvKiTa on trains and news
M t E M fill ItMKf M
.MEXICANS MUST
DECIDE QUICKLY
ON BORDER PLANS
Coift'.sioners To
Be Told 0;
patience
' d
Is Exhai
PRESIDENT BA'vi
demand fcii Action
Natives Flee From Chihuahua
No Further Word From
Parral
By Robert J. Bender.
(United Press staff correspondent.)
Washington, Nov. 20. Tlo udminis.
tintion will. aland for but littlo further
delay from the Mexican side of the At
lantic City conference. Its patience is
at the breaking point and the next fuur
days may bi iug important . development-
The Mexicans will be told emphatical
ly inlangu.ige stripped of all diplomacy
that the Uirfted States cannot sit in the
sessions if dilatory, obstructive tactics
are continued.
By such means the administration
hopes to force a peaceful agreement on
vexatious problems between the two
nations. The border palrol plan is but
part of what this government hopes to
accomplish. I'rimnrily, however, protec
tion and safety of American rights and
property in Mexico is the big problem.
If these results are not obtained satis
factorily aud a border patrol plan f
focted, now steps will be taken.'.
What the alternative course is in
event of failure at Atlantic Cltv no one
would say. President Wilson, Secretar
ies Lane, Lansing nnd Buker alone
know what it is. But it is freely pre
dicted by those close to Mexican' prob
lems that a shift in policy will be forth
coming which will deal rnther more
strictly with Mexico than in the past.
The administration, however, is really
hopeful that such ideas need not be
used; lenders think that the Mexican
commissioners will be whipped in line.
The significant part of the emphatic
talk stated for this week is that Presi
dent Wilson approves it .nnd is backing
his commissioners in their whole plan, of
forcing settlement.
The commission was to convene again
t Atlantic City today after a week-end
adjournment.
- " Rafugtes t Juarez.
El Paso, Texas, Nov. 2(1. From the
pas.ieiigers of a refugee train reaching
Juare at midnight last night L'nited
Htates government hJJFTits ordered con
' f irmatioii of the return of General Tre-
Vino. Mexiceil ill. fili'trt ..nm-nA,,,!....
Ciiihuajuta City after marching his aruiy
vii hi virn ciimpnigu against Villa.
The trnin lir.mulit i.,.;i
, it.uvtliru UR'
tives, many of them women, to the
border. Trevino is impressing all ablo
noiieu men into Ins army, the natives
'laid. -find tllA civil nniiiiintiV. ri.:
i i Vf . 1 I "VM v .i-
liuahua City is inomentarilv expecting
a bandit nltm.l- mi,.., il, :'..
One woman told of seeing the body
ii a gray uaireu American lviug in
front of the Jiminez lnt..l in Tin,:,,....
It is believed hero the body was that
or ur. j-isner. Another woman who
claimed to hnve mnm tnm i
..""I aMi.1.1 najll
she saw four Aniorieun prisoners being
inKi-ii tiii.ng i ne streets tiy bandits, but
ui-'rs nut Know ineir rate.
A semi-official report wired from Car
riiiibistn military headquarters at Chi
huahua Citv stated thnf nil A
in Parral fled the town upon advice
' win-mi I..MS iterrera, Carrtmr.ista
commander there. Many other conflict-
Ton k
1
cin' git on th' good side o most .
ler by askiu' him where he gut
inrty nhirt. "Don't Worry" is
' auv fell
pop'lar motto with thoe nlio duu't'
Siuuuut t anything.
m mm
l InMW
Would Do Away With
Electoral College
Portland, .Or., Nov. SO. Carrying a
proposed amendment to United "States
constitution nbolishing the electoral
conege, renntor ucorgo C-hnmhberlain
of Oregon is en routo to "Washington
today. Jlo believes the electoral college
is obsolete and that the president
should be chosen by direct, popular
vote.
In explaining that tho electoral col
lego system might frustrate the will
or tlie majority, Chamberlain pointed
out just before starting cast that in the
present election 0,000 votes in Califor
nia ' might have swung that state to
Hughes and elected him, whereas Wil
son had a popular lead of 4UO,000 votes
throughout the country.
Chamberlain said his amendment
would be proposed so it could become
offectivc before tho 1020 election.
U.k
IS WARDEN OF
Selected hy Board This Morn
ing for the PlaceIs
Well Known Here
Charles' A. Murphy, formerly cap
lain of Company M, Third regiment,
Oregon nnliounl guard, was chosen to
be warden of the Oregon slate peniten
tiary this morning at a twenty minute
session of the board of control.
Captain Murphy i now chief engin
eer at tho eastern Oregon branch of
the Oregon stato hospital at Pendleton.
lie was one of th numerous candidates
who filed application with the board
of control. lie will take charge of the
penitentiary immediately upon accept
ance of the appointment und arrival in
Salem.
It is generally -conceded that the
board could not have chosen a more
acceptable man to fill the extremely
difficult position of warden. In
Charles Murphv was second lieutenant
of .Company K in tho famous Second
Oregon United States volunteers. This
was the Salem company, lie tougnt
through the Spanish-. .ineritnn war and
the l'hilippino insurrection and gained
distinction as a competent officer.
In ISOSt he was commissioned to or
ganic a provisional battery from the
members of the regiment. This he com
manded alid received high commendn-
tiou from Major lleiiernl r;. b. Otis lor
the services he rendered.
After tho war was over and the Sec
ond Oroson returned he was elected
captain of Com puny M, which position
he held until about 190t, when he re
signed. A short time later he was ap
pointed superintendent of construction
at. the new brunch hospital at Pendle
ton and practically built it. He was then
mndo chief engineer.
Captain Murphy, while commanding
officer of Company M, was regarded as
the most efficicut Wficcr .in the Third
regiment and was held in high .esteem
by the men umler mm. witu ms ex
perience in army discipline and in lead
ing men. he is believed to be the right
man to bring order out of chaos now
existing iu the penitentiary.
That tlie job or warucn is a gulu
brick is generally conceded and nt most
a thankless tnsk. However, iir view of
the events of last Friday, when the
convicts demunded ft change of admin
istration in what was a near-riot in
the prison chapel, they were not con
sulted as to who should be warden over
them. It had been unofficially suggest
ed that perhaps a solution of the prob
lem would be to havo tho convicts
choose one of their number to bo war
den. The vote of the board of control at.
the meeting this morning wns as fol
lows: Governor Withyeotnbe "d Treas
urer Kuv for Murphy and Secretary Ol
cott for Frank Meredith, former aec
retsrv of the Oreeon state fair.
In" voting for Meredith, Secretary
uliott said he believed te was a xnor
ough business man nnd a capable lead
er of men. Meredith who was not a con
didate and had filed no application.
Sheriff F.sch, whoso name was men
tioned as a possible candidate, had
made no application for the position.
A delegation from Portland presented
the cause of Deupty Sheriff Fitzgerald
of Multnomah Bounty to the board.
. . J 4t, ....
lug reporis are raiti-ii"'K uu,uvl - w"
cernine the fato of the five Americans
who did not leave with the party of
Alvarano mining men.
Despite efforts of the Alvnrndo Min
ing company to get further pnrticulars
of the arrival of the live Americans m
Culiacan on the west const, company
officials have been unable to get nny
replies to five telegrams and tracers ad
dressed to Superintendent Hawkins,
who sent the 'first news of the safe
arrival of the little bnud.
Killed by Bandits.
El Paso, Texas. Nov. 20. Henry
rii.,.1 Untilin,nn U'M tlin foreigner
Killed' at .limine- by Villistn bandiWr
advices toilny to mining men nerc siaie
Clark had lived in Mexico for many
years, was married to a Mexican woman
and had a family in Jiminez.
18 "MUCH IMPBOVED"
T,os Angeles, Cul, Nov. 20. Inez Mil
holland Ituissevain, famous snffrnge
worker, who is critically Ul at the good
Samaritan hospital here was reported
to' be "much improved" today. Her
condition is still critical, however, and
physicians have almost uespaireu or
saving her life.
L
FOR GREAT BATTLE
Joint Committee On Interstate
Commerce Starts Its
Investigation
INFLUENCES OF CAPITAL
AND LABOR WILL CASH
Adamson Said the Public Is
the Interested Party Most
To Be Considered
By Carl D. Groat
(United Press stuff correspondent)
Washington, Nov. 20. The curtain
lifted here- ou one of the most dramatic
buttles of industrial units in the nn
tion 's history today. Tho joint commit
tee ou interstate commerce started its
investigation of conditions relating to
interstate and foreign commerce and
iue necessiiy ror lurtliur regulation a
lonif the lilies of tho Adumson e'u-lil
hour luw nnd to iioairy all interstate
public utilities.
Represented iu the fiirbl nro commer
cial organizations of all'kinds and from
all over the country great corporations
and industries. Kvory influence of can-
ital and lubor will clash during the
The railroads ' fight will be directed
by the inilway executives ' advisory
committee, of which Frank Xrurabull,
chairman of tho Chesapeuke and Ohio,
is ucHii. me orotheihooils. will hnvc
their four chiefs Stone of the engin
eers; Carter of the firemen; I,ce of the
trainmen aud Shepnrd of the conduct
ors, all of whom are now in tho city
ready for work. Kncli side is armed
with statistic t support contentions
mat nave iecn made ror years.
"The public ia the interest most to
be considered in this controversy."
Judge Adumson, vice-chairman of the
Joint congressional committee and par
ent of the eight hour law, said today.
"Botbthe railroads and the brother
hoods seem. for . the moment to forgot
that they are our servants in this mat
ter."
During the day Judge AUamson will
confer with President Wilson on the
question of putting through congress
the legislation the president has propos
ed for settlement and prevention of
industrial disputes. The American Fed
eration of Labor has already stmt put
its chnllenge on auch legislation voic
ing a determination to oppose any leg
islation which will limit the strike
right of labor.
WILL ASK CONGRESS
TO HaP CHEMAWA
Meeting at Commercial Club
Tonight Will Start ,
Movement
An appropriation of $187,000 will be
asked of congress for the Salem Indinn
school nt Chemawa nnd n special rceot
ing will bo held this evening of the
legislation and taxation department of
tho Commercial club, when tho chair
man, Chas. V, Galloway nnd other mem
bers of the department will discuss
means of having an appropriation for
this nmount properly- brought before
congress.
It is well known that of the six lead
ing Indian schools in the United Slates,
the Chemawa school has been neglected,
while other schools have been receiv-(
ing help from the government. It has
even been proposod that this school be
consolidated with one of the stronger
ones on the coast.
The taxation and legislative depart
ment will report nt tho monthly meot-
ing or me ciui Wednesday evening.
Arrangements aro under way to have
Congressman Hawley address the club
that evening and to discuss with him
the introduction of a bill providing for
the proposed appropriation.
Several mouths ago, in na address be
fore the Commercial club, superintend
ent Harwood Hall plainly told the club
that tho Chemawa school was in a bad
way aud that unless the citizens of
Sulem got behind the school and urged
congress to appropriate an amount nec
essary to bring- it to, the recognized
standards of Indian schools, that it
might be removed to Taioina.
The $117,000 to be asked for is need
ed as follows:
Some of the Needs .
1. For the support nnd cducntinn of
(100 Indian pupils, including native In-!
disns from Alaska, including teachers
salaries, tl02,00t.
2. The buildings are old, badly venti
lated, dark and inconvenient. They need
repairing and remodeling. The -power
plant is now down. Both horse and dairy
i (Continued on page two.)
INDUS
TRIA
GIRD
LOINS
Says Poetry Is Good
But the Logic Faulty
Palo Alto. Cul.. Nov. 20. Dr. David
Starr Jordon.S chancellor emeritus of
Stanford university, and peace disciple,
isn 't a bit pleased over the fact that
Professor -Melville B. Anderson, former
head of Stanford's English department,
has dedicated to Dr. Jordan "The Great
Refusal." This war poem is a bitter at
tack upon pacifism and hurls sarcasm at
peace lovers.
"It's good poetry but miserable
logic," said Jordan. "I can understand,
sympathize, admire, but I remain un
convinced. To us who abhor the all-
deutschtun verb and, war is not a
heroic deed, nor succession of deeds, but
the culmination of crime."
BESIEGEOBY CRANKS
Proposals of Marriage Came
by Hundreds With Other
' Freai Requests -
Missoula, Mont., Nov. 20. Pursued
by offers of marriage, advertising agen
cies wanting her pictures, cranks nnd
beggers, Miss Jennctte Kunkin, Monta
na's new congress woman, took refuge
today behind locked doors und station
ml her brother, a Harvard university
iooiuau graduate, at the trout gate to
meet visitors.
Every until brings rO fresh crop of
proposals, it was learned today. They
come from ull over the United States.
One from an Oklahoma lawyer "tempo
rarily employed picking cotton" said
he loved Miss liaukin from the moment
he heard she could make her own hats.
A tooth paste company wanted to
photograph. Aliss Kankin's teeth. Its
willing to pay, $j,000 for tho picture.
An automobile, concern askicd the
privilege olV presenting a new model carl
to Aliss nankin, if she would merely
consent to having her owuorship used
for advertising purposes.
The latest excitement ia a motion
picture shurpshooter from California
who has' duc.0mB'', 'n ear tho Ran
kin homestead and made preparations
for remaining all winter.
A 20,000 Poultice for
Wounded Affections
SeattV Wash., Nov. 20. Twenty
thousand dollars in lieu ol' unrequited
love!
A jury, in Judge Gilliam's depart
ment of the superior court this morn
ing awarded Margaret Strand a verdict
for $20,000 against Peter Malone, weal
thy Alaska miner, who, aecoiding to
the complaint failed to marry her after
promising to do so.
Tho suit wns for $.'0000 and when
the verdict has been read the attorney
for the miner niado a motion for a ver
dict for the defendant despite the find
ings of the jury. The court took the
motion uuder advisement.
' Mrs. Strand testified 'she had cooked
for Miilone in his mfliing camps and
was engaged to marry him. As the day
for tho ceremony approached, she said,
he sent her to Seattle where she learned
Inter he had married another woman.
TO
E NAT!
Bryan Begins Four Year fight
in Chicago for a Sober
Country -s
Chicago, Nov. 20. On the heels of
henvl political campaigning, William
Jennings Bryan was to plunge into his
four year prohibition fight today with
on address before the Chicago Dry Federation-
Bryan's speech here is the sig
nal for the opening of a campaign to
make Chicago dry in 1918, It is also his
opening shot in a four year campaign
to make the United States dry. Before
he is through the commoner plans to
force nn nuti-booze plank into the plat
tonus or both big parties. He said the
present prohibition wave would sweep
every state in the unon.
"I believe that prohibition will be
the paramount issue of 1020. Unless the
amendment is made before that, it i.1
probable that tho amendment will be
spbmittcd iu 1920. It is even possible
that it may puss this winter. The demo
cratic purty is iu a position now to take
up the subject and the republicans may
be compelled to."
Iu commenting on the re-elect ion of
President Wilson, Bryan said:
' "I am very much gratified nt tho re
sult. As the value of the victory is
iiicrc.iKcd. it has put an end to the k.
perstititon that no victory could be won
without New Yorlf. The belief that the
Now York vote was necessary lias bad a
restrain. 'ig influence for a generation
up to this -idininistratioii. The country
will now eil free to legislate ftfl it
pleases and .Vew York will be treated as
other section.-."
I An ade.ge that cuts all round must be
la circular saw.
MISS LAW TELLS OF
HI
EW
YORK
AEROPLANE TRIP
Made the Trip In Eight Hours
and 59 Minutes, or 94
Miles An Hour
PRIMITIVE MACHINE
BEHAVED SPLENDIDLY
Strong Head Wind and Dense
Fog Made Trip Thrilling
One
New York, Nov. 20. The very first
thing Miss Kuth Law asked for today
when she finished tho record breaking
aeroplane flight on Governor's Island
was face powdor. Her noso wns shiny.
She was hustled into a waiting auto
mobile at tho army aviation field,
whisked away to the home o" Major
Villiam Hartinann, of the army signal
corps, nnd the travel washed off her
rosy-face- Then this daring maid of the
air, who had out-Cnrlstromcd Victor
Carlstrom In her flight irom Chicngo
to New York, placidly asked of Mrs.
Hurtmnnn: "Mny I borrow Borne of
your faco powder t"
Having powdered her nose, she talked
to the United Press of her flight.
Sitting in an automobile and rosy
cheeked from contact with tho frigid nir
of the upper regions, swathed in sheep
skin and oilod garments, she graphical
ly described her thrilling voyage.
"I'm awfully well pleased that I've
been able to beat tho American record,"
Miss I,aw began. "But I could have
done hotter. I believe I could have
made the flight all the way through
if things had turned out the way I ex
pected them to.' And I'm going to try
it again.
"When I made up my mind to try this
flicht from Chicago to New York," she
said, "I got Into communication with
tho Curttiss aeroplane factory and tried
to buy a big bnttlo plane, one of the
most powerful I could get. But they
wouldn't let me have it. - They wero
afraid that a woman could not handle
the powerful machinery nnd manipulate
their big machine in that long a trip.
Tackled Old Machine.
"When they kopt on putting me off,
I just decided to hop into that little ma
chine and make one great effort.
"I didn't think it hardly possible
that I could make the trip ihrough to
New York without a stop. My machine
will not carry enough gasoline. But now
I'm going to have thnt biir machine nnd
I'm going to try it all over again."
Speaking of her machine. Miss I.nw
pointed laughingly across the field to
where her biplane rested in the shadow
of tho huge aeroplane Victor Carlstrom
used when he attempted the flight be
tween Chicago and Now Yotk.
The sturdy old-fashioned machine
with which Misa Iaw shattered Carl
Strom's record was not half as large aa
the Curtiss monster that Carlstrom had
left on the aviation field. The email
machine' is barely one hundred horse
power, while that of Carlstrom is cap
able of two hundred.
Speaking of her flight from Bingham
ton to Governor's Inland Miss Law snld
it was about as risky an undertaking as
she had ever faced.
"It was so foggy," she declared, "it
was almost impossible for me to see
where I was going. There were times
when I skimmed over the New York
houses only 100 foet up. It certainly
gave me plenty of thrills."
On the cuff of one of the nvlutricc's
gloves wns a tiny map. She had drawn
it herself and outlined almost a perfect
course from Chicago. She had jotted
down on a slip of paper pasted along
side, the names of the towns over which
she passed, together with other data for
the records of tho Aero club.
Holds American Record.
"It was awfully hard making head
way," she said. "There wos a strong
head wind blowing against me. I hadn't
taken on any gasoline nt Binghnmton.
The strength of the wind slowed me up
quite a bit, nnd when 1 finally located
Governors Island through the haze I dis
covered there wos not another drop of
gasoline in my tank. With my engine
shut off, I volplaned to ft landing. If
there had been another milo for more
travel, I would buve been in a bad
way." .
Miss Law declared the had absolutely
no trouble with her machine. It behaved
nicely all tho way 'for her.
Officials of tho Aero club of Am
erica, which sanctioned the flight, were
enthusiastic over Miis Law's flight.
She paid all the expenses of the flight,
but asked an official sanction for the
trip so it might be made a record.
Miss Law's feat was uchieved on the
anniversary of the day she received her
pilot's license, November 2(1, 1912. Be
ing a sister of Hodman Law, the para
chute jumper, she had plenty of family
nerve to help her when she decided to
do stunts with a flying machine.
This is the first distance fight he
ever attempted, but she has been nink-
(Continued on page two.)
Wheat Up Four Cents
In Today's Trading
r-i -J " IVWI-. OUK
den mill ri hnrtlv nfnrn i-u-in n.1nw
tor a low opening,. due oniefly to heavy
h II VillC Ami rortnrfa nf nntavni.i.ldA A
gontine weather. At noon December was
up uvvr iouay 8 opening at 91.04
n n v uij .1 !- nr. nj .i-i nni .itiiv nt
3 3-4 t 1.B7W
Corn opened easier but later showed
X"ou gums wnen Duying oecame more
it-'urui. iecemoer was up J at Yi
Mav nr S 3-8 at Qd 2 8 And .Tnlv nn 9.
1-8 "at 9614. .
Oat showed fair gains. December
was up i at oi i s nnd Mav un v.
nt fil S.S.
Provision nnnnnil 1n.-n Y,nl mml.
snarp gams on active buying when
IULU9 W-JUll IU JU1IIM,
E
Attacked Her As She Was
. Washing Dishes Took
Poison and Died
Scat'lo, Wash., Nov. 20. Miss Alice
Carey, age 30, is near death with three
bullet wounds in her body fired by her
sister, Mrs. Margaret Hartmrrti, who
afterward committed suicide by taking
poison, during a fit of temporary in
sanity Sunday morning.
The tragedy was enacted on the dairy
ranch o Kobert Hurtman, husband of
the dead womany near Redmond.
Both women were graduates of the
University of Michigan. Their parents
live in Sandusky, Ohio.
At the Lakeside sanitarium at Kirk
land today, Miss Carey, Br. George H.
Davis, her physician and the husband
advanced only tho theory of insanity
to explain the affair.
Miss Carey was washing dishes in the
kitchen, she said, and Kobert Hnrtmau
nnd his father were working outside.
Mrs. Hnrtman walked into tho kitch
en, and fired tho first shot into her
i sister's back. Miss Carey turned. Two
more bullets in quick succession enter
ed her nMlomen.
Her sister turned and fled upstirs
where she took formalin, and, the phy
sician says probably died instantly.
In the United States Lies Sole
- Hope of Ameliorating
Conditions
London, Nov. 20. England in today
seeking some means of reprisal against
Germany for "enslavement" oil Bel
gium's men. Not since tho execution
of Miss Edith ('a veil has there been
such a wave of popular indignation as
that which Is sweeping the country over
fresh details of the Teutonic plan of
giving employment to the Belgian civ
il population by deporting them to Ger
many. It is realized that' with the United
States rests the only hope of interces
sion to prevent a clean sweep from the
desolated nation of all its manhood.
Stories of fathers and sons purted forci
bly from their wives nnd mothers and
other loved ones by German soldiery
have served to fan it into a fever heat.
Three hundred thousand male Bel
gians above the age of 17 are affected
by tho 'employment " orders from Ber
lin. So far at lenst 4 .",000 of thc.se have
been transported from their homes to
Germany, that they may be given em
ployment according' to the German ex
planation Tho transfers are taking place
at the rate of two thousand a duy.
Information today received via Hol
land asserts pleas avail nothing and
that in tifveral instances, where those
pleat wero more than usually forcible,
German comundera ruthlessly enforced
their orders and in addition imposed
further tax burdens as an example to
those who oposed the military machine.
The town of Touruni, it was declared,
had been fined two hundred thousand
marks (.10,000) for "arrogance with
out precedent" in thus opposing the
employment orders.
Copies of the notice to Belgians rc
quiring their assembly nt certain con
centration points for this weeding out
of able bodied workmen have been re
ceived in Holland.
HOKN'S CASB ADVANCED
Washington, Nov, 2'l. The supreme
court today granted a motion to ad
vance for argument the case of Werner
Horn, alleged dynamiter und German
army officer.
Horn is nccuaed of trying to blow up
the Canadian international bridge at
the Cunniliau boumlury iu Maine. He
asked a writ of habeas'corpus, cliiimmg
tho offense charged against him is of
military character and ono for which
he cannot be tried in the ordinary
courts. The court assigned the case
for .argument January S.
No philosopher can give a reason for
half that he thinks.
TEUTON
BULBARS
T FIERCELY
Forced to Abandon Monastir
They Are In Danger of
Being Captured
CONDITION OF ROADS
HEIGHTENS DANGER
Magnificent Fighting of Serb
ians WinsNo Changes
: On Somme Front
London, Nov. 20 With rain and slee
interfering with full resumption of op
erations along the Somme, it was tho
Balkans that furnished most of the bat
tle news today. Additional advices
served to inccrase the brilliance of Gen
eral Serrail's French-Russinn-Italian-Serbinn
victory in the taking of Mona
stir. It is now doubted here that tha
German-Bulgarian forces can make com
plete escape from the encircling of tsu
allied flunking movement. Desperata
fighting is proceeding as the allies strive)
to close in still further on tho retreat-
ng Teutons. Roads churned into a seat
of mud from snow and rain will, it m
believed, make it impossible for tha
Teutonic forces to proceed with suf
ficient haste in their retrent to acbieva
a complete withdrawal of forces and
etpupmeut. ,
Moreover, it appears thnt far from.
being content with mere occupation of
the city, tho allied forces ore still
thrusting forward In their drive. Prilcp,
to which city the enemy is withdraw
ing, i about 24 miles to the north. Tha
way Is for the most part across level
ground, with very few natural defensive
features. . The allied occupancy or po
sitions along the Cerna river bend gives
them a fulcrum for their lever to forca
clearance of the plain. .
Military critics here today agreed
that the capture of Monastir is ot tho
greatest of importance. Diplomotiely
most of the credit is given to the her-
bians for the victory. It was their
splendid fighting along the Cerna Deud
which compelled the enemy to ubanuon
their southern defenses, enabling- ad
vance due north of the rrench auu iios
sian troops. Ejected from their own.
country a year ago by i'icld Uarshu-t
Von Mackensen's tremendous drive,
forced to 'flee in disorder, the regimeats
scattered, their equipment what littla
thoro was for the most part abandon
ed, the Serbians have been transformed
in a brief 12 months into a formidutila
army with new arms and equipment and
tho splendid tutorship of Irene h troops
operating with them us brothers in
arms.
It la expected hero that the Monastir
victory will have Important effect ia
relieving the German pressure against
Rumania a pressure that has bee re
garded gravely of late. The London,
press does not hesitate to call the situa
tion of the Humanians " jrecuriona."
British Forced Back.
Berlin, via Sayville, L. I., Nov. 20.
Ejection of British troops from ths
western part of the village of Grand
court was announced iu today ' official,
statement.
The report declared the Britislk sus
tained heavy losses in attacks agaiast
the German line,
"English artillery firo of yestetdny
wb generally less strong on both sides
of the Ancre," the statement snid. "Be
tween Serre and Beaucourt and against
our positions south of Mirumont during
the evening hours attacks were launch
ed. They failed with heavy lessee Iu
the enemy.
"Our infantry, in hund grenndn en
gagements ejected the Engl'mh from,
the western part of Grnndcourt."
City of No Importnace.
Berlin, via Sayville, L. I., Nov. 20.
Evacuation of Alunastir was a measura
"prcpurod since several days," said a.
special review of tho Balkans light
ing issued today. The city, it wua said,
was "without any military Impeit
nnce. "
H'ltu ..iL-iuw ,lalnrpy llifl method bl
which tho city wns taken was an "open.
(Continued on page four.)
; THE WEATHER :
fovrP.wowies
SETTLE THE
Oregon: To
night and Tues
day, warmer ex
cept near tka
const; easterly
winds.
F
WHILE RETREATING
IS'