o x . FULL LEASED WIRE DISPATCHES l tc . , . .: CmCULATION IS , OVER 4000 DAILY ' M DTHIRTY-NINTn YEAR NO. 234 SALEM, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 1, 1916 , 1 DDT PI? TWA nTMIXI ON TKAIftS AND KEW HONOR S ARE EASY Fl ir E ALONG AIL I 0 DMJ1MI 1 mmmw Germans Say All A Ixks On Somme Failed lies V Claim Gains & ALONG RUSSIAN FRONT CHANGES UNIMPORTANT French Made Some Gains On Somme and British Defeat Bulgars Ueilin, Nov. 1. Repulse of British troops north of the Somme were an nounced by tho war office today. "The weather is growing brighter m the Somme district ami on several net-tors lively artillery activity has begun, " said the official statement. "In the evening hours the Knglish ad vanced from the district of Couieeletto aud with strong forces from the liue f Guedeeourt to Le Boeufs lor an attack. North of Conrcelcttc tho at tack was unable to advance in our de fensive fire. West of LeTrausloy it broke down under losses, in sniuo plan ts in hand to hand fighting. "Army group of the crown prince (Verdun) the artillery duel on the fast bank of the Meuse was only tempo rarily active." A -supplementary statement declared that artillery activity was strong only north of the Somme and added that J-'nrt Vaux temporarily came under heavy fire of French guns on the north eastern front of Verdun. "In the eastern w.ir theatre, Princ Leopold's front, the Rusians, after tttiong artillery activity, launched . eof.nter attacks at evening and at dawn '- against tin- positions on the east bank , of the Narayuvka conquered by- us oa October 30. These attacks failed five times tinder sanguinary losses. The Turkish troops also held the ground they had gainpd against a strong at tack. On the Bistritza-Solotvinska, Aus-tro-.-imgari.in troops repulsed hostile detachments by fire." British Capture Town .' Paris, Nov. 1. llritish troops storm , ed and captured the town of Itarafcli 'Azuma, seven miles southwest of Da ' mirhisaar in violent fighting east of the Struma river, taking 300 prisoners it was officially announced today. ! The town had been strongly fortified by the Bulgnrs. On the Cenia front the . Serbs repulsed German-Bulgarian counter- attacks. .There were intermittent bombardments in the region of Lake Koirnn and- on the Vardar front. I Submarine Gets Home Amsterdam Nov. 1 The German mibmarine L'-S.'l which ravaged shipping off the American coast after pnying a visit to Newport, has returned to a German port, according to Berlin dis patches today. There lias been various rumors that the IT-5.1 had been captured or sunk by British warships. The U-53 appeared nt Newport October 7 aud the day fol lowing sank five merchantmen ol'f Nantucket. Germans Make Gains Petrograd, Nov. 1. Austro, German troops invading Rumania throu-'h the Red Tower 1'ass, have occupied the town of Itnkovitsa. twelve miles inside the frontier, and also the village of Titeshti, it was officially announced to day. -J (Continued on page three.) It don't make no difference whether ft feller knows beans when tlT bag's open or not at sevenfitlv per bushel. Th' ambition o' ever' woman it t' only- wear tn- same hat once. S I il lX7XAOf"t 1 J WEtfWW I III rourtww6 - l I J frOStA. E'S OF E Greatest Crowd of Campaign Enjoys Artistic Dissecting of Him "HUGHES LIKE FIRE-FLY HAS HEADLIGHT BEHIND" V Enumeration of What Wilson Has Done Brings Tumult uous Applause T.ikcuing Charles Evans Hughes, re publican caudidate for president, to a lightning bug with its headlight on be hind, Thomas R. Gore, the blind senator from Oklahoma, brought three rousing rounds of applause from the audience that packed the great armory to stand ing room Inst night to hear him dis cuss democratic issues in tho present national campaign. Brilliant m wit, keen in cutting to the core of an argument and laying bear its fallacies, apt in giving humorous illustrations, deft iu thrustiu" home fact.i rhat bit like a diamond drill, the blind senntor hnd his audience nt the tips of his fingers all the time. He is believed easilv- to be the best cam paign speaker iu Salem yet this sen son. His speech was replete with aphor isms that illuminated the dark political horizon like a light-bomb over European trenches. "A vote for Wilson is a vote for peace, a vote for Hughes is a vote for war," was the backbone thought of his address. He drove this point homo with the dramatic painting of two superb word pictures one of Europe, weltering in its blood; the other of America, smil ing in the sunshine of pence and pros perity. For the seveml minutes of this recital, attention was intense. Applause broke the suspense when he cried: "Not for all the crowned heads of Europe would I send one Salem boy Into the maelstrom of war." Senator Gore claimed for the demo cratic administration the credit of con structive legislation legislation for the masses as against the special interests. He told especially of the reduction of the tariff and of legislation for the benefit of agricultural interests. . Armory la Packed. At 8 o'clock when John Boyne. chair man, called the meeting to order the armory was packed with one of the largest crowds ever gathered to hear a political speech in Salem. F. P. Webb, of Salem, an old time friend of the sen ator, was introduced to present the senator to the audience, which he did in a few well chosen words. Senator Gore arose and was received with applause as he was led to the front of the platform. The famous blind senator was before his audience a man slightly gray, of dignified mien, yet of alert appearance. One was tempted almost to believe that lie could see. Especially after In had begun to talk, it was difficult to remember that he was speaking iu the dark. He heard the hand clapping, and voices of the women; he mentioned their presence. He began with complicents and in iun. Throughout his address, indeed, were sprinkled gems of wit thnt oiiicmy won ms ucuiero aim uruugui forth repeated laughter and applause. I A repeated, characteristic gesture . was a clapping of his hands. no uumminivHicu me west, u com- SENATOR SHAFTS RON Y IMPAL RUCHE phmented Oregon, he complimented the All tariff revision is accompanied by women (not without, however, a lot ,Uch disturbance, whether it be ro of left-bnnded, good natured banter) vision upward or revision downward, he even complimented the republi-i Shall we now revise it aeaint I .Praises Republicans' Fast, T l.Ai:n.. tt l.' . , ,,; i! . . , ' . I believe," he said, "in rendering'san tariff commission in response to Caesar the thiiiEs thnt are Cae-U n,,nlr ,1.,,,,i c., .,.. ... unto Caesar the things that are Cne sar's. The republican party hns ad ded much glory unto the annals of this republic. But Roosevelt, four years ago, taid the republican party then was not the republican party of the days of Abraham Lincoln. He said it was base betrayer of public trust. Diamond Points From Gore's Speech A Republican has a right to his opinions, and a right to be wrong. There has been only one Colonel Roosevelt, and one has been enough. Columbus discovered America 400 years ago but the Republican party has not discovered the American farm er yet. The Democratic party has made the principles of in dustrial and social justice a reality instead of an ideal. A vote for Hughes means repeal of the eight-hour law, recall of the strike order, and industrial war. Hughes is like a race horse that runs better with his mouth shut than open. Children 1000 years from now will stagger from cradle to grave under the burden of taxation by the war in Europe. MRS. TOM THUMB IS 75 ." Middleboro, Mass., Nov. 1. Countess Magri, who was Mrs. Tom Thumb, 34 inches of con tented womanhood, Tuesday cel ebrated her 75th birthday and passed out some good advico on the management of husbands "Don't argue with him. Let him have his owa way but win him to your way when he don't know it," is the receipt of the littlest lady in the land That is more vigorous language than I would use, but who dare contradict a statement of hisf "The rank and file of the republi cans have the same honesty, the same patriotism as do we democrats. Do you know, they have as much sense as wet" He paused. "Of course, they don't act like it." the pause, the re mark, the intonation, brought an plause, then laughter and cheers. It was an incident typical of his opening words. "There are tour great national par ties the democratic, republican, so cialist and prohibitionist. You notice, I do not mention the progressive. That was not a national party it was a private party. Mr. Roosevelt has mftde an assignment. He is trying to deliver his chattels into the hands of the Fenrose-Barnes-Cannon Good Gov ernment society. Two Kinds of Progressives. "There are two were two classes of progressives those who were merely infatuated with Colonel Roosevelt and who will follow him back into the re publican party, and those who, with consecration and conviction, were de voted to the cause of social and indus trial -justice. It is to those that we made our appeal. "A party and a nominee are known by their fruits. What has the demo cratic party done? Under it, we are enjoying the two highest blessings which civilized man can .enjoy peace and prosperity. Vice-Presidential Nomi nee Fairbanks has said that the United States is honored and envied by every nation and that under a democratic administration. Time for Prosperity. "There never was a time when every class was so prosperous when the farmer received such high ' prices, when the consumer was so well able to pay those high prices, when capital made such high profits on its invest ments and when labor' was employed at so high wages. Under the republi cans we were in the pursuit of hap piness; now we are in the possesion of happiness. Every business is pros pering except the 'unemployment agency, and every person is prospering except the ex-lobbyist and the ex office holder. . "Not since the first administration of Washington has there been so much beneficient legislation enacted and not with the exception of the administra tion of Lincoln has there been one which hag been obliged to wrestle with so many cares, difficulties and vexa tions as the present; ' There have been enacted into law 12 measures, any one of which would have glorified a repub lican administration. Four Kinds of Laws. "There have been four classeB of this legislation that for the benefit of the people generally, that for the benefit of the farmers particularly, that for the benefit of the business man particularly and that for the benefit of wage-earners particularly. "We have dispensed with and dis credited invisible government. The corrupt lobby no longer exists. Revised Tariff Downward, "Our party has kept the faith. It has revised the tariff downward and not upward. It reduced the tariff from an average of more than 41 per cent to an average of less than 27 per cent. And it has taken the burden of taxa- tion from the masses and placed it. on the incomes from those great for- tunes which were built up protection provided by a under the republican I tariff. "You say this revision was attended iiv business disturbances. ISn it was. Establishes Tariff Board. W have established a non-pnrtt u pupumr uemuiiu lor sucn a meas-. uro so tnai tne tantt nngnt ne vised .Inn .ni-tifi,. li,. ,l T i,l,i this to be one of the fruits of a demo cratic administration. But they tell us that the United States will be over- (Continued from page one.) LIVE AMERICANS DROWN AS RESULT OF TORPEDOING Affidavits of Survivors Show Marina Was Sunk With out Warning FATALITIES CAUSED BY BOAT STRIKING VESSEL No Action To Be Taken Until Germany's Statement Is Received By Robert J. Bender (United Press staff correspondent) Binghamnton. N. Y.. ( Ahnn pd Prov ident 's special train,) Nov. 1. Presi dent Wilson is being informed of every step and detail in the Marina case from Washington today. Every dispatch to the state department from Consul Frost and other officials aboard will be Im mediately forwarded post haste to him. The .president is particularly anxious to get the report ho asked "from the American chargo d'affaires in Berlin. On this report may depend, in great measure, wnat course this government will take. Administration officials are disposed to give Germany time for full investi gation in. response to this government's inquiry wnicn necessarily must await tho formal report of the submarine commander. In former cases these re ports have not been made for several days, this time beius rennired for tho submarine to return to its base While the president is believer) to view the outlook as holding serious pos sibilities, those close to him say he will, as heretofore, insist on careful investi gation and come to no conclusion peud- receipt, oi aiK possmie details. - . --Ho Change in -Policy Washington. Nov. 1. See rotor v of State Lansing today vigorously denied that the campaign will have any ef fect on the department's action in the Marina case or that there has been any change in the submarine colic v of eith er the president or the deartmcnt. - Lansing said ho made this statement after it was called to his attention that such a suggestion had been made. He authoriKt-dj the following state ment: . . "The fact that a political canipoien is in progress will in no way vary the practice of .the department in regard to making a full investigation of rases of this sort. We shall act as we always have, with as much celerity as possi ble. The question has also been called to my- attention as to whether there has been any change in policy in regard io suomarine wai-tare since the sink- ng of the Sussex, on the Dart of -the president or tho department. I can sav emphatically there has been no change in any particular. Affidavits of SurrlTOra Cork, Nov. 1. Depositions from 15 American survivors, slating that the steamer Marina was torpedoed without warning, with probable loss of several American lives are being taken hore by I'nited States Consul Frost Bnd will be forwarded to the state department at Washington The Americans arrived hero with 13 other survivors of the Marina's crew, They reported that from three to six Americans including ono passenger, were probably drowned. The Marina was attacked early Sat urday morning while en route from Glasgow to Baltimore. A torpedo struck tier amuiship, on the starboard side, The etlilnsinil blew il on.nt hnla in - - - - r, " ,. " to Baltimore, oo rougn was tne weamer tlTAV. :?fc..l0J.'.,.t.'or three day. during the 21 day trip 'm. ,, , , , i She rolled over on one side and as she settled, remained afloat. t,ntv ;- hi.Vii i ' i , V i nv-i, irumincu unuui. iweuiy nun- re-."" ""ticreu uy tne wares, until ner , boilers exnlodod. si.littincr her in tw. 1..V-1 th AT" " ,De man l0,the submersible drew nearer American : Some of the survivor, sav a second , torpedo was fired as tho Marina was settling. Others sav a second submarine was nearbv, but took no part in the attack One of the Marina's boats was rolled against the steamer's side by the heavy seas and crushed. All the occupants were drowned. The obher boats drifted for eighteen hours before rescue steam ers were sighted. Survivors suffered terribly on account of the cold and were drenched by spray from great waves that threatened to capsize their boats at anv moment. Sitnation is Serious Washington, Nov. 1. The situation growing out of the sinking of the steamer Marina by a German subma rine today loomed up as an issue fraught wi:h the most serious possi bilities since the torpedoing of the Sussex. With five Americans believed to be dead as the result oi' the sinking of the British steamer and no evidence yet to show that the submarine gave them a chance for their lives, the sit uation has become extremely grave. (Continued on page two.) SAILOR RELATES STORK OF TRIP OF T Many Hostile Crafts Seen As Deutschland Makes Second Trip Here FORCED TO SUBMERGE ONCE FOR TEN HOURS Loss of Bremen Confirmed- Brings Cargo of Needed Materials By Carl D. Groat. (United Pross stnff correspondent.) New London, Conn., Nov. 1. Plung ing and diving at ties in the teeth of a storm the German merchant submarine Deutschland made her second trip to the United States through a veritable lane of allied warships. . I he Deutschland was safely docked at her screened pier here this afternoon. She came out of the darkness and the waves during the early morning hours. Nosing her way up the sound, she was quickly warped in alongside her ' ' moth er ship," the Willehad, and with her sailors at liberty some of the details of her second remarkable voyage were learned. At one time the submarine freighter was submerged for 10 hours in mid ocean. The Deutschland was forced to spend this time beneath the waves ow ing to the presence of hostile war crafH lurking nearby, one of the crew declared- Captain Koenig, the smiling com mander, who brought the Deutschland on her first voyage, was again in com mand, but up to an early hour this aft ernoon had been so busily engaged with officials of the company operating the merchant submersible he had not been able to tell his story of the second trip. ' . IiOtS oi Hostile Bttips. "We saw lots and lots of hostile ships," said one of tho. Deutschland 's sailors. He was a big six foot German. Smiling good naturedly he told in Ger man snatches of tho story of the trip which brought the Deutschland over and under the ocean. ' - . . "There were many more enemy war ships out than wo saw on the first voy age," he went on. "There seemed to be a regular lane of cruisers and ships of other types. . "I do not know how much of the trip was made under water, but the longest continuous period we were submerged was 10 hours. This was somewhere ia about mid-ocean. Hostile ships were sighted and we were forced to drop out of eight. "But it's about the same old story now. Not much difference between this trip and the first one except the enemy ships," the sailor concluded. Bremen is Lost The Bremen is definitely known to be lost. This was confirmed from mem bers of the Deutschland 's crew. The submersible which was scheduled to ar rive here soon after the Deutschland visited Baltimore, is not believed to have been captured, however. The Ger man sailor said it was believed the Bremen had met with an accident of some sort to her machinery. This result ed in her destruction, it is believed. The Amcrika, the third of the met- chant submarines to be built for trans- Atlantic service, is not yet ready U sail on her maiden voyage, it was statei in explanation of reports as to the fail- ure of this vessel to appear. The Deutschland carried a crew of 29 mnn nn her vovoffA which ended this I : !. Mn.n I. n t.!n . . that most of the members of the crew tnal mOSL OI me memuers ot llie crew ,;.,., KPnm,i,l the wr6 fasick, Lieutenant Krapohl, the f;r(.i officer said UNDERSEA 0 th' itpr -. f hB vnvage . during the latter part or the voyage . the weather cleared, however, and as shore"' LV? vinS r'.rff . Has Valuable Cargo, Ther wtt" ,a during the morning ov.er. the waling of the Deutschland 's wireless. An orticer rrom me yiiu-ricnii naval station appeared to an mis worn, but Captain Hinsch, of the Eastern For warding company, refused to permit it until the customs officers had identified him. It was pointed out that when the 'Deutschland reached IBnltimore her wire less was not seaieu xur nr uttys. Captain Koenig fulfilled all require ments of a captain of a merchant ship. He filed his manifest and word came from Washington asking permission to make it public. Paul Hilken, president of the For warding company, arrived from Balti more shortly after noon and lunched with Koenig on the Willehad. The pier at which the North Oerman-Lloyd liner and the submaroine were tied up was carefully protected by guards. A few men from the Deutschland stretched their leg on the deck. A sail or from the United States submarine base came over for a call and one of the German.) and the husky American posed together for photographs. In addition to a valuable cargo, the Deutschland brought mail for Ambas- hyamforilson By F. D. Underwood Prciident of th Eri Railroad. No one could fairly accuse President Wilson of playing poli tics in Ihe railroad negotiation! for an eight-hour day. I believe hfi motives were honest and that he used M best judgment i n doing as he did. He did not carry the bur den of the rail roads or the claims of the brotherhoods as his load; he carried those of. the people of the United States. Many of the Wilson laws have stabilized business, particu larly the Federal T.eservo and the Rural Credit Acts. We should stand for peace and work for peace, but be fully prepared to defend what we have. The light against President Wilson has no larger aspect than an unpatriotic - clamor of the "outs" for possession of the things now in the hands of the "ins." Tl Percy Evans Shoots Girl Masquer On Floor and Kills Himself Bakersfield, Cnl., Nov. 1. Hallow e'en in Bakersfield stopped shortly af ter midnight this morning with a crash that ended the funniest night of the whole year, and sent nearly 200 offi cially masqueraded guests to their homes sick with tragedy. Percy J. Ev ans is dead today anil .Miss Klsie Stierns, secretary to Iho high school board, is dying. . Dressed as a Bed Cross nurse Miss Stierns, who . is very pretty, was the center of attraction at the Hallowe'en ball. Every guest was costumed to rep resent some frivilous character and the evening was featured by many funny incidents right up to the final" dance. Miss Stierns, costumed as a war nurso, had started to dance with a partner costumed as a harlequin. Sud denly Evans made his way across tie tloor, wrested Miss Stierns from her partner and without a word fired- two shots from a revolver into her breast. As she sank to the floor he lilted the weapon to his own head and fired. He died instantly. The music stopped with a crash, but it was more than a minute before some dancers realized the shots were not fired in fun. . It was said Evans waited through the evening until masks -were raised for the final dance before ho discovered which of the masqueraders was Miss Stierns. Lodge Is Trying to Back Up His Threat New York, Nov. 1. Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, iu his vicious attack on President Wilson, is running true to the seutiment he expressed after Can- aiuate nugnes' speech of acceptance.' On August 1 the New York Telegram, the evening edition of The Herald, which is Hughes' staunchest supporter, reported this interview: I "It was suggested to Senator Lodge that the newspapers were charging that the renublican nominee's sneech pnntni tia.l nntiiini nniilriiiiliu- ki.t .na j ij 7 . , . . . uevuieu io criticism oi uie aanunistra- tion. He was asked why tho republi-i can nominee ottered nothing construe vu iiuiium-e uut-reu muniiiic cunstruc- tive With an exhibition nt nenvish. tive. witu an exhibition of peevish- ness the senator said "Why ask that democratic, ques tionf What business is it of the on- position to construct! Our business is1 to throw them out of power aud Unit is what we ure going to do " S. P. President Says Prosperity on Way Los Angeles, Nov. 1. That Califor nia and states to the northeast arc due for a period of almost unprecedented prosperity, is the statement here by President Sproule of the Southern Pa cific, who lias returned from a . trip through the section. Good crops, high prices, increa-sed manufacture and the investment of eastern capital are nil working for the advancement of the est, he said. sador Von Bcrnstorff from Germany, it was definitely learned this afternoon. It wus reported something in the car go was causing a hitch this afternoon and the submersible 's manifest may not be made public until tomorrow. British agents are already on the job watching every move about tho Deutschland 's pier. Koenig said this atfernoon the Deutschluud'e cargo was worth 10,000,-000. If LI RQDGERS STIRS UP COMMERCIAL CLUB AND ALSO SALEM "The Good Lord Will Not Deadhead the Town Over Road to Prosperity" "WE MUST PAY OUR FARE" SAYS SALEM LIVE WIRE Points Out City's Needs and Tells Citizens To Go and Get Them "The good Lord is not going to dead head this town over the road of Prosper ity. We must pay our fare." With these few choice words, George F. Itodgers Bummed up the general situa tion in an address last evening to the largest and most enthusiastic meeting of business men ever held in the rooms of the Commercial club To that organization heretofore known as "The Ancient Order of Thoso Who Want the Other Fellow to Do It," Mr. Rodgers paid a few uncomplimen tary remarks. "This idea of a petri fied Commercial club is all a joke. This organization now is one of the livest ones in the state. We don't want mon ey but we do want nerve and brain power. Not numbers, but a Tew level headed men who are willing to do things," said Mr. Kodgers. "A man is a. civic imbecile who thinks a Commer cial club' can do no good. At no time have we stood at the portals of oppor tunity as we do now. The dark ages of the last few years are passing away and we are facing great opportunities." All of which was preliminary to the membership . campaign that will be launched beginning Thursday and Fri day mornings of ..s week. 6. M. Clark, president of the Portland Chamber of Commerce, in his short ad dress emphasized the necessity of under draining in this valley. "We don't Beem to have the right kind of fanners: To encourage draining, clubs should be formed, expert advice secured, aud where necessary, financial aid given -by Commercial clubs." Portland Man Talks. ' The secretary of the Portland Cham ber of Commerce, W. D. V. Dodson, said that the Portland business mea -were trying to determine just what was the trouble with Oregon and what was the best thing to do about it. He intimated that Oregon had too many laws and that not enough attention had been givea to those that would enocurage "business The big thing that ailed Oregon was the lack of markets and if the state was to prosper, the market problems would have to be solved. Another problem of Oregon woe that of having no industrial population. In " Portland at least 00 per cent of the in dustrial workers were engaged fr such work as building, city improvements and other temporary work, and when this stopped, these workers ten me citv. The flax industry was one that might solve some of the problems of the state Mr. Dodson suggested, and the proper way to secure factories would be to as sure eastern mill men, through Commer cial clubs, thBt a sufficient acreage would be planted to give them the neces sary amount of flax, following the gen eral plan of sugar beet mills, were a certain acreage must be assured before a mill is erected, as at Grants Pass. The same idea as to securing canning factor ies in the state could be undertaken, wherein the Commercial clubs would guarantee some of the big canning in terests, that if they would come to Ore gon, the amount of products sufficient to keep a factory busy would be raised in a certain locality- He thought the woolen industry might become a great Oregon asset. All the woolen manufac turers want would be the assurance by a Commercial club that wool supplies could be secured sufficient to justify the erection of mills. The Work Outlined. With the object of placing some hun dreds of new names on the roll of the Commercial club, eight teams of eight men each will get busy tomorrow. Georgo F. Rodgers ,as chairman of the membership committee, will direct the (Continued on page two.) THE WEATHER Oregon: To night and Thurs day partly cloudy west; fair east portion; winds mostly southeasterly.