Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, October 28, 1916, Image 1

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. 3
Russo-Rumanians Demoralized and Retreating "In Haste"
, -Mackensen's Forces Clearing Province of Dobrudja of
Enemy-Allies Renew Offensire On Somme Front-Great
l:: Russian Offensive About to Begin in Poland and Galicia
: -Nine Norwegian Vessels Torpedoed
Berlin, Oct. 28. Both jaws of the great Teutonic vise
are closing in upon Rumania. .
Striking southward with two columns, Field Marshal
Von Falkenhayn's Austro-German army threatens the
early capture of the'Rumanian railway towns of Sinaia
and Campolung, seventy miles northwest of Burcharest.
: Mackensen's forces are rapidly clearing the defeated
Russo-Eumanians from the Black sea province of Do
brudja. Before his swift advance the enemy abandoned
the fortified line of Harsova-Casapchioi and is now in re
treat nearly forty miles north of the Constanza-Cerna-voda
railway. The Russo-Rumanians are poorly equip
ped with artillery and apparently unable to make a stand
against the invaders.
Only on the northwestern frontier are the Rumanians
on the offensive. Here they have achieved some local suc
cesses, but the position of this whole northern Rumanian
army becomes more perilous tis Falkenhayn drives for
ward against its supply lines.
The Berlin newspapers, though expressing regret at
the loss of Fort Douaumont to the French, term this a
slight reverse compared with the victories over the Ru
manians. The Lokal Anzeiger declared that stores of
benzine were exploded and set afire inside, the fort as the
French attacked in the fog, making necessary its evacuation.
Russo-Rumanians Retreat.
London, Oet.' 28. Continuing their Bit
flay retreat in Dobrudja; the Russo-Ru-niunians
are showing sign of demornl
i.ntion under MackenBen's swift pur
unit, the German war office declared to
day. .'
-." ;The pursuing armies have brought in
,500' enemy stragglers, cut off from the
main Ruaso-Rumaniaa column several
munitions columns and quantities of
baggage. - The' defeated forces are of;'
ieriug 'little resistance and apaprently
are Tetreating in haste." The Bulgarian
"wnr office announces the capture of
. Heraova, 25 ilea north-northwest of
ernav.nda. .--
'On' the Transylvania sector" Falken-
liayn's armies are -making fierce attacks'
-.at -several points,, the Russian war of
fice, announced. . . Berlin, - however, bf
ticiully claimed, only, the capturo of a
Rumanian position on the heights south
of Kronstadt, though unofficial reports
J'ront the (terman enpitar said that Jul
, Venhayn- is neariug Sinaia and Campo-l"jr-
: ' .' "
. Bitter fighting went on on both the
.' Somme and Verdun fronts last night,
the war office' reported. The French
war office announces the capture of a
l'uarry near Fort Douaumont, but the
Berlin official statement reported the
repuise or trench attacks oa the Ver
dun front.
The German war office also mention
ed violent French and English attacks
north of the Somme, though both the
British nud French war offices declared
there was only light fighting on that
The Russian war office admitted the
Jvs in the Bistritza river heights to
the enemy in sharp fighting in Galicia
yertorday- Berlin also announced this
victory and claimed the repulse of Rus
sian attacks west of the fortress of
I ..lie Niles Turner-wants t' know
who kin recall th' day when reversible
in If s wpre on th' high wave o' popular
'tyt Ther's alius a "bumper" crop o'
Nine Ships Torpedoed.
London, Oct. . 28. Nine Norwegian
1- i i v y-i ' ' .
j mnris uavu ueru guuit uy uermnn SUD
marines within 24 hours, said a Christi
nnia dispatch today, in the canmaien
directed against Norwegian shipping as
a protest against 'Norway's decree re
fusing submarines . admixsinn in - tier
'waters. ., ' .
I The Cliristiania.' newsnnncr r nrir.
ing the government to stand firm and
aot to be coereed by German threats. '
'.'The deliberate murder of so many
Norwegian sailors inevitably makes bad'
will be a long time before they are for
i" gotten in Norway," said the Vcrdens
uug. iuo uruuii aeeas or werman
submarines, however, have not caused
any hysterics among Norwegian ship
owners. - Trade and commerce go on as
usual and there is no symptom of- any
nervousuess on the bourse. .' The Nor
wegian government is confident that the
nation was strictly within its rights,
according to international law.M
righting on the Somme.
Berlin, via wireless to Sayvillo, L. I.,
Oct. 28. Allied troops resumed the of
fensive on the Somme front yesterday
after a several days'. lull, the war office
announced this afternool.
t "Preceded by strong atrillerv nrcDnr.
ation the English attacked across the
line Of Geudecourt. ami T h.f,ll
said the official statement, "and the
French in the adjoining district of llor
val in the evening hours. Our troops
repulsed the attacks by artillery and ma
chine gun fire and northeast of Morval
with the bayonet. The positions were
completely maintained."
Russians to Oet Busy.
London, Oct. 28. The wireless news
agency today gave out a Rome dispatch
asserting that news from German
sources indicator thA K
i . , v.
I tremendous new Russian offensive in
I Pnl.nl an H 1 : : fTL: i. .
- " uajivia, iuib 1 1 p u r l is nor
confirmed from any other source,' but if
iruu is ueuevea 10 marK Hie Deginning
ui iao Bines- attempts to relieve tha
pressure on Rumania.
Another wireless message from Rome
said that Bucharest estimates Austro
German losses in Transylvania at 800.
000. '
Trench Gain at Verdun.
Paris. Oct. 28 French hwim
and captured a quarry northeast of Fort
isuuaumuur. in a Druuant attack on the
northeast front of Verdun last night, it
was officiallr nnnnimpMl tnilnv A
artillery duel continued in the" region of
luc IVIl.
On the Somme front there was only in
termittent cannonading.
. Germans Capture Heights.
Berlin, via wireless to Hayville, I.. I.,
Oct. 2S.-7General Falkenhayn's forces
have captured a height from the Ruman
ians south of Kronstadt, said an official
statement thin nfternoon, reporting also
that the Russo-Rumanians continue in
flight in Dobrudja.
Take Danube Town.
Sofia, Oct. 28 Bulgarian troops have
occupied the Danube town of Hersova,
25 miles noitli-northwest of ternavoua,
in their pnrsuij of the Russo Ruman
ians, it was officially announced today-
By Dr. Charles W. Eliot
Pnsulent Emeritui of Harvard
'" ' Univeriity. ,-.
Anvnn whn aurvevs the extrn-
r ordinary, series of legislative nd
executive acts aceompnsnea Dy
the Democratic party in three
years and a half will realize
two things:
First, that
President Wil
son has proved
himself 1
party leader of
unusual pow
er; and, sec
ondly, that the
party thus led
has-done much
more for the
country than
the Republican
party accom
plished in iive
times as many
voters are likeltf 4c act next No
vember on two simple, well
grounded convictions: First, that
the Democratic party has done
such an extraordinary amount of
good work during the present ad
ministration that the period from
1912 to 1916 will be memorable in
the history of the United States;
and, secondly, that the man chiefly'
Responsible for this consummate
service to the American people
should be again mad) their chief
Court's Instruction Woman
; Must Show She "Retreat
ed,'' the Cause .
By Cart D. Groat.
(Un'ted Press staff correspondent.)
Newark, N. J., Oct. is. After 22
hours of deliberation the jury that sat
in judgment in the ease of Mrs. Mar
garet Claire Beutinger, charged. With
the murder of her wealthy husband,
Christopher Beutinger, this, afternoon
reported its utter inability to agree and
was discharged. - ' , "
After 18 hours' deliberation the jury
trying Mrs. Margaret Beutinger for the
i murder of her wealthy husband, Christo
pher Beutinger, reported to Judge Mar
tin at 9:23 todav that it had been un
able to agree and submitted to the court
two questions. - . .
After the questions had been answer
ed the. jury retired again to deliberate.
. The questions were: . .
"Does the law impose upon the de
fendant the necessity of taking all ren
sonable steps to avert' a tragedy when
she wishes to establish a plea of self
defense!" , ' v
' "Pleas define' again the 'difference
of degrees of homicide." " ' " .
The first question evidently arose
from the portion of the judge's Instruc
tions to the jurors yesterday in which
he declared that, to establish -self de
fense, the defense must show that Mrs.
Beutinger retreated before her hus
band's threats in her bedroom, if she
had an opportunity to retreat. Her coun
i sel took exception to that portion of the
Charge on the ground that she was lying
in bed when her husband made his ad
vances and was unable to retreat. Judge
Martin went into a more detailed tech
nical explanation in response to the jur
tors' questions, citing court decisions.
The second question asked by the jury
tended to confirm reports that several
of the jurors had refused to acquit Mrs.
Beutinger, but were holding out for her
conviction for a lesser degree of bomi
cide. One rumor in the court room was
that three jurors favored acquittal and
the others conviction of a lessed crime,
The little woman defendant went in
to hysterics when she was brought into
, the court room and saw the jurors lined
up Deiore tne uage s oencn.
I When the jury retired at 3:05 yester
day afternoon Mrs. Beutinger was con
ifident of acquittal. Throughout the
night the jurors fought and wrangled
over the question: "Has a married wo
man, the mother of five1 children, the
right of ownership of her own body and
the right to kill, if necessary, to pro
tect iH'
i So certain was Mrs. Beutinger that
she would be freed that she bad arrang
ed a party for her five babies last niulit,
The jury came in at 9:23 this morning
unable to agree and with a request for
further instructions.
For one brief moment, as the jury was
dispersing, Mrs- Beutinger attempted to
compose nerself while she looked wild
lv about the court room for her children!
jThen she burst out in fresh shrieks and
1 her cries could be beard throughout the
court room as she was led away by
jail matron who towered above her.
The jury's failure to vote an acquit
tal wa a great surprise to court attend
I ants. Judge Martin set a new trial for
i -November 20.
Wigg That fellow Guzzler is a hard
steady drinker, isn't he? Wagg "He's
mighty unsteady at times.
WI Believe In Salem," the
Faith On Which City Must
; Be Built
Get Interested, Get Busy, Get
Noisy, Get In Line to
Help Salem
Tomorrow will be the first day of
Salem Week.'f a week devoted to
awakening civic spirit and to bring
every citizen into closer touch with
those forces working for the advance
ment of the eity The spirit engendered
is to be a helpful one, helpful to the
individual aud to the citizens in gen
eral. -
Every mini.itef jn Salem will tomor
row deliver a sermon pointing out why
those who live hore should be interested
n furthering the welfare of their home
town. A mention will bo called to the
work of the organizations charged with
the work 01 conducting the city. Neat
reminders of "Salem Week" "will be
distributed in the form of postcards on
which are printed a civic creed. Go to
church tomorrow and get the spirit o
me ween.
John, H. Albert, president of the
Capital National bank; V. M. Muniti
on of the r, K. I,. & P. Co., and Rev.
James Elvin, jiastor of the First Con
gregational church will carry the tia-
Irm message into the schools Monday.
In each' school brief addresses will be
made with the objoct of interesting the
scnoor cn.iurew ,rnctr city anrt snow
ing how theyiuui: do. a share iu .mak
ing it better.
"1 believe in Salem" buttons are to'
iistributed wholesale Monday and pla
cards are to be displayed by all Salem
mercnanta carrying tne same declara
tion, i .,
'The big event of Tuesday night is
the mass meeting and smoker, to be held
at. the rooms of the Commercial club
for all members. At this time there will
be refreshments and music. , '
O. M. Clark:, president of the. Port
land chamber of commerce, will ad
dress the gathering at this time as also
will W. V. D. Dodson, executive sec
retary of the same body. George Rodg-
ers and J. J. Albert will give the as
sembly an, idea of what Salem is do
ing and what it proposes to do.
Wednesday aiternoon, if yon wisn,
yon may attend any -of the theaters
without charge. Uo to any one you line,
to air if you care to go, tou will tinu
the same high grade motion pictures
(Continued on Page 8.)
Program First
Week Oct
Hermons in every church will deal with some feature of 8alcm Week.
Civic creeds to be distributed at churches.
Visits to the schools by leading citizens and brief addresses to schtK
Distribution of buttons and placards.
Annual meeting of Salem Floral society at Commercial club,
Prize contest among- school children. Three cash prizes for best es
says dealing with, soma- phase of Salem Week.
Mass meeting and smoker at Commercial club in evening. O. M
Clark, president Portland Chamber of Commerce; W. V. D. Dodson,
executive secretary; i, H. Albert and George Bodgcrs, among the speak
ers. .
All theatres will be open to the public without charge during the aft
ernoon. Motion pictures and brief addressee by picked speakers.
7:0 p. m. Dress-up Week window display and contest for Hartmann
cup opeas. Willamette University Glee club will give megaphone con
cert on roof of downtown building.
8.-00 p. m. Now-comers' Night at the Comemrclal club- Men and
women just arrived in Salem especially invited to meet the older resi
dents in informal gathering.
8:30 p. m. Style Show opens at Oregon theatre.
9:30-12:00 Membership Campaign of Commercial club.
12:00 1:15 Banquet for workers at Hotel Marion.
2:00-0:00 Visiting day at Salem manufacturing establishments and
state institutions.
9:30-12:00 Membership campaign Comemrclal club.
'12:00-1:15 Noonday banquet Httel Marion.
00-4:00 Style Show featurec in stores and theatres.
8:00 10:00 o'pening of the grenter Hotel Marion. Reception to the
public- '
Trainloads From New York
and Delegations of Working
Women There
Bryan Given Great Ovation by
Those Celebrating Day in
By Robert J, Bender
(United Press staff correspondent)
Shadow- town, Long Branch," N. J.,
Oct. 28. Much needed reforms may be
interrupted perhaps for a' generation
to come, should the democratic party
suffer defeat on November 7. President
Wilson told a great gathering of New
Yorkers on the lawn of the summer
white house this afternoon.
The president made his address be
fore delegations that poured into Long
Branch on special trains to celebrate
"Wilson Day", which is also " Empire
State Day" in Mew lork. Included in
the big throng were several trainloads
from Tammany Hull and depututionf
of working women from New York and
surrounding cities. 1
"Pour years ago there were two par
ties In the field whose program wnt
conceived under tho influence of these
great forces of progress and adjust
ment the democratic party and the
progressive party," Baid President
Wilson, "This year there is but one, the
democratic party. Iu " the presidential
election of four years ago some fittoen
million votes were east. Of those near-
ily ten and a' half million were Cast
'or h candidates of the twos pro-
gressive parties only .three and a halt
million for the candidate of the repub
lican party, the party which has linger
ed in the old days and felt none of the
impulse of a new day. '.'..
The president paused to review -the
record of the democratic party and its
progress in the work of reform. .
. - "And still the great work- is - not
finished,", ho said. ','It. can never be
rounded off and concluded so long as
circumstances change and the fortunes
and relations-of men-shift ad alter.
.The question yon have .to decide one
week rrom next Tuesday is wnetner it
shall be .prematurely interrupted, per
haps for a. generation to come, sod all
the generous forces of the age - and
world thrown back upon themselves In
discouragement and confusion." -i
The president's address follows:
, "My Fellow-citizens: This is called
.'Wilson Day' only because for six years,
first aa governor of New Jersey and
Annual Salem
29 - November 4
Wheat Goes Up to $1.90
In Chicago Market
V '
Chicago, Oct. 28 Wheat continued to
bound upward today, December eclips
ing all records set in the present ad'
vauce with a figure of (1.90, an advance
of two points over today's, opening.
There was a loss of 5-S before tho close,
however. Buying was heavy in the pit
and bullish enthusiasm ran wild. Argen
tine markets reported insufficient rains
and there were repoi's of an urgent de
mand for export grain which high prices
and scarcity would not diminish. De
cember wheat closed up 1 3-8 over to
day's opening at l-89 3-9 and May was
up 5-8 at 1.8ti 5-8.
Corn was down slightly, due to pros-
Sects of an end to the car shortage and
eavier receipts, although buying was
good. December corn was down 1-8 at
89 1-8 and May down 1-2 at 90 1-2.
Oats had a sharp advance on good
buying, but realizing sales forced a de
cline later. December closed unchanged
at 55 1-2 and May was down half at 59
Provisions woro steady.
Conscription Causes Much 111
Feeling and Was Cause ,
of Attack " '
Melbourne, Oct. 28. An attempt was
made early today to assassinate Prime
Minister Hughes at his homo in Kow,
Victoria, but the attempt failed.
A mau forced a window In tho prime
inister's home and fired a revolver
at Hughes. The shot missed tho premier.
The man leaned to the ground and
A referendum vote on tho Question
of conscription is being held In Aus
tralia today. Premier Hughes, by his
advocacy of the conscription measure,
drew the bitter fire of a fraction of
the Australian labor party, of which
he himself is a member, and it is possi
ble that the would-be assassin belonged
to a group of his most bitter opponents.
He has favored an unrelenting war on
Germany and it Is possible, also, that
the attempt on his life wm made by a
Teutonic sympathizer. '-
The Australian prime minister is
years old. He was born in Wales and
went to Australia in 1884. He figured
prominently in trades union affairs be
tore becoming a member or parliament
and government official. '
Premier Hughes only recently return
ed from England where he created a
tremendous impression, being hailed by
the London press as tlig greatest colon
ial imperialist who had ever visited
London. He persistently, urged greater
recognition of the colonies in the coun
cil of the empire after the war and was
the first to suggest the idea of a trade
war against Germany. His own labor
union recently expelled him for.-advo
eating the conscription measure, but be.
ignored tne expulsion. .
(hen as president of the. United Htates,
I have been permitted to lead first a
great atato and then a greaf national
party along tho ways of progress and of
enlarged and regenerated life which our
people had so long sought and so long
been held back from by the organized
power of selfish interest,' and because
the great honor has fftllerl to mo of be
ing chosen onee more epokesman and
representative of the men, who mean to
hold the countrty to '.these ways of
peaco, humanity and progress. . It is of
these forces that I shall speak, and not
of myself, who am merely their servant.
"What are these forces! Whence do
thev sorinsf What have they accomp
lished, and wiiat is tneir program ana
purpose for the future t It is plain what
thev are. Thev are the forces of humane,
righteous, and patriotic purpose which
have sprung up in our day in the minds
of those who preceive the shortcomings
of the law as it has hardened in Amer-
ica and who look forward with purpose
and conviction to a new age in which
government shall be indeed the servant
of liberty and not privilege. These are
men who perceive that American law
has not kept pace with American senti-.
ment: that our law has been holding us
rigid and immovable, until class has be-
gun, in free America, to be arrayed
against class; until what was legal has
begun to play a more important part in
our thoughts and determinations than
what Is human and right; and until
America has begun to lag instead of
lead in reconciling what is with what
ought to be.
A new age had dawned upon us while
is- those wno were attempting m n-au u
were stumbling along with their heads
it ever their shoulders, intent upon pre-
serving the conditions of a day that is
gone. America had changed and the
whole world had changed. Our com-
merce and industry had grown to such
a bulk that the domestic markets of
which our former leaders were always
so solicitous were glutted and we were
bound, unless we were to burst our
jacket, to find a free outlet into the
markets of the world. I he time had
come when our commerce needed free
. dora and would be throttled by furth-
er restraints- We had acquired foreign
possessions, had been drawn into the
ff politics of the world, had begun to play
' a part which could not be played ty
I provincials but must be played by citi-
sens of the great world of nations.. And
(Continued on page eight.)
Republicans Have Paid Out
$1,578,934 in Fight
for Hughes
$1,006,283 FOR WILSON
Congressional Campaign Cost
Republicans $316,390,
Democrats $2,5646
New York, Oct- 28. Contributions to
the republican campaign fund total 4,1
Ut7,759.29 to date, it was announced at
republican headquarters todayj" . ;
A statement from the democratic aa-
tional committee last night announced .
contributions to the campaign of $1,-.
Expenditures to date in the am-
paign to elect .Hughes total $i,os.-
The campaign funds this year have
come from 22,220 contributors, the re
publican statement announced, while
years ago only a little more than 2,000
names were on the contributors list tor
the entire campaign.
An average of about 500 cheeks for.
410 each reach the treasurer daily the
statement said. A high record for small
contributions was made on October 13,
when 1,300 checks for $10 were receiv
ed. .
The democratic statement given out
last night showed 41,882 contribution.
Contributions of over (10,000)
New Jersey Bepublicun fctttat com-.
inittoe, 425,000. .
B. T. Crane, Jr., Chicago, 425,000.. .
- Arthur Curtiss James, $2S,0UU,
Ooorge F. Baker, Jr., 425,000.
H. P. Whitney, 430,000. . ,
Edward Harkness, 420,000. . '
W. It. Allen, 420,000-. " . , ...
Clarence H. Mackay, 420,000.
J. 8. Bache and company, $15,000. .
, William T. Clyde, 419,000. .. ...
A. 1. Juillard, 415,000.. "-.
. Julius Hosrnwald,. 415,000..- , .
' Contributing 410,000, weret.,
. William B. Thompson, Ueorge -Jr. Ba
ker, William Wrigley, Jr'.,.T. Coleman
DuPont, Mrs. ii. M., Anderson,. Thorns.
Cochran, Warren , Delano, Mrs. -Maiyv
Lilly Flagler, Henrv Veeder, .Mailea ei.
u. a if ...... n i-;l5;..., u n.nk I
and W- Seligman and company,' Motti-..
mnr.l,. Ruhiff. J. P. Morcan. A. T. Bert. ...
Hornblower and Weeks, Lewis I Clarke
V. H. Adams. Judire William H. Moare.
Percy' B. Payne, Louis F. BothsebiM.
F. M.. Goldsmith, J; B, Duke, Oofneliu
Vnnderhllt. John N Villv and Mrteneer
renrose. ' ---.-. - - i
Contributing 1)8,090 '
. ii . rv rMi.vn. v i;n!M 1 .ui.
campaign fund; J. Ogdcn Armor, J. D.
Rockefeller, Jr. '.
' Ogden Mills, 47,500, '
Edwin C. llolter;'. 45,500 .. .
Contributing 45,000:
C. N- Bliss, Jr., J. Horace Harding,'
Robert Bacon,- Robert W. Ooelet, Via-"
cent Astor, James A. Patten, H. P. Doy-
idson, Charles Hteele, Francis L. Iline. .
William Nelson Crowmell, Edward
Palmer, II. F. Hinclalr, W. L. Haihnesa,
Mrs. Stanley McCorinick,' Mrs. Henry
B. Rea, W. Hinkle Smith, Theodore N. .
Vail, John F. Dodge, F. B. Keech, AdoK
fo Htahl, telix M.. warnurg, . wuiura
straight, w. f. nony, uinpiown vrj
Goods association, Frederick H. Bourne,
Oeoree Lauder. B. Livingston Beekman,
c.. M. MacNcill, A. E. Carlton,. L. U.
phlpps, Ueorge S. Myers, C. H- Morey,
w. H. Yawkey, Colonel Samuel P. Colt,
Moses Taylor, K. ohnsou, r.. n. pm-
tinus, William H. Porter, James . H.
Wainwright, John W. Prentiss, C..,C.
. There were several 44,000 confribu-
tions, 48 who put up 42,500, and 24 of
42,000 each. '. - .
Republicans $316,930. .
Washington, Oct. 28 Contributions)
to the republican congressional commit-
tee's campaign fund have totalled 4316.-
c nifnrding to the statement filed
lih tho clerk of the house of represen-
tatives today by former Senator N. B.
Scott, treasurer of the committee. The
contributions were from 2,073 persons,
n average of 4152.87 1-2, he said.
W M W M 1 '"lTT
Oregon :
night and Hnaday
occasional rain,
warmer tonight;
southerly winds,
Increasing along
the coast. ,