?K ?K 1 i FULL LEASED WIRE DISPATCHES ! 4f Js fc js sj" ss 2 K CIRCULATION IS OVER 4000 DAILY , ' -;- DTHIRTY-NINTH YEAR NO. 226 SALEM, OREGON, MONDAY, OCTOBER 23, 1916 ON TRAINS AND NEWS raiKja inu stands five cents RUMANIA S BIG SEAPORT CAPTURED f GERMANS Mackensen's Armies Drive Rui lians and Russians Back and Rumania's Greatest Sea g t, Constanza, Is Taken by Them Capture Puts End tending Russian Troops by Black Sea It Also Cuts Railroad That Supplied Army Artillery Fighting Only Along the Somme Front Berlin, Oct. 23. Constanza, Rumania's greatest sea port, has fallen before Field Marshal Mackensen's armies, it was officially announced this afternoon. Capture of the city is the greatest single achievement for the central powers since Rumania entered the war eight weeks ago. The victory is hailed by German mili tary men as of more importance than all the gains made by the allies since the' Somme offensive began. Official dispatches from war offices indicate that the fered a disastrous rout. Smashing northward along the Black Sea coast, Mackensen's army occupied Tuzla and then swept onward through strongly fortified Rumanian lines of defense, marching twelve miles to Constanza in a little more than two days. The rapidity of the Teutonic advance is accepted as an indication that the Russians and Rumanians became demoralized and made an extremely disorderly retreat. , An official statement from Sofia earlier in the day, re porting the capture of a village six miles south of Con stanza, prepared Berlin for news of a great victory. Mackensen's left wing is now approaching Cernavoda, the war office announced. ? No surprise was manifested here when it was an nounced that Mackensen had pushed on through the ruins of the old Trajan's wall and had occupied Constanza itself. ; ' . Since Rumania entered the war, Russian transports have been bringing Slav troops, munitions and other war supplies to the aid of the Rumanians. Large bodies of Russian troops have arrived in Rumania through the port of Constanza, whose capture . by the central powers effectually puts an end to the transportation of reinforce ments via the Black sea. The thirty-five mile Constanza Cernavoda railway, leading across the Danube, is the carrier over which Rumania has derived a large quantity of her supplies. The Teutonic right wing is Constanza. while Mackensen's center and left wing are swinging forward to capture the remainder of the road. Mackensen is aiming principally at Cernavoda and the great bridge over the Danube. : Rumanians Swept Back. 'Loiuloii, Oct. 23. With their linos iu t'ict, the Runinninns mc being rolled lwck on a 45 mile front in Dnbrud.'a un der tremendous pressure by superior German, Bulgarian nnd Turkish forces. At the Rumanian enpitnl the. situa tion is regarded as serious, snid a Petro ("id dispatch today. Mackensen's advance guards already linve approached to within less than 10 miles o' the Constiinza-Cemovoda rail way. The line, carrying supplies into Kumnuin and the roud over which Rm nitin troops transported to Constanza have been brought into Kmnania with it- two important terminals, is the ob jective of the Germans' great efforts. Tho Rumanian left wing and center is giving way. Top Raiser and Tuxla. the main supporting positions of the Ru manian flunk defending the seaport of Constanza, have fallen before Slacken- Belts are replncin' suspenders in some im-ranees, an' iff others ther workin' 1 'gether in friendly rivalry. Miss Fawn - luppincut says that if she could live some period of her life over ngiu she'J fcelrct th' five years she wuz eighteen. FAL P-t 5 the German and Bulgarian Pyusso-Rumanians have suf-J first the Rumanian port of now astride that railway at sen's advance. The Rumanian right wing, defending the strategically im portant Danube bridge at Cemoavoda is beating back enemy attacks. For the second time since the Ger mans began their campaign to crush Ru mania, an appeal for help has come from Buehnrest. The lVtrograd corres pondent of the Daily News returning from the Rumanian capital telegraphed that he was asked by a high Russian personage to emphnsibze tho seriousness of the situation. Kins Ferdinand himself sent n similar I plea 'following the Rumnuinn defeat in lrnnsylvauia. Petrograd dispatches today revealed for the first time the reasons for the severe defeat suffered by the Ruman ians in Dobrudja. l'remier Bratiano be lieved when Rumania entered the war what Bulgaria either would sue for peace or would not fight agaiast Ru mania or Russia. Only weak forces were left to guard the Bulgarian border while the main Rumanian army poured into Transylvania. French Capture Hill 128. Paris, Oct. 23. Following a short ar tillery bombardment French troops late lust night stormed and captured hill 12, northwest of Sailly-SailliKel, it was of ficially announced today. South of the Somme, the Germans bombarded during the night, but made no new attacks. Considerable aerial activity was re ported by tho war office. Enemy fliers bombarded Luneville, but thpre were no victims. Twenty-four French war planes drniiiteil four tnni if nrmpctilfw nn tho Havongange Bussiner works aad differ- ent railroad centers. Since Saturday, the Frenoh have ttfk en 450 prisoners on the Chaulnes sector. The Germans exploded a mine southeast of Dumesnil but were unable to oc cupy the crater. No Infantry Fighting. London, Oct. 23. Considerable eaemy shelling of British positions between l.e-Sars nnd Guedeeourt lust night was reported by General Haig today, but no infantry actions of importance occurred on the Somme front. South of YpTes, the British occupied the lip of two mine craters formed yes- (Continued on page three.) DEMOCRATS SAY HUGHES W jj Claim He Had Agreement With Pro-Germans As To Foreign Policy Plank WAS BID FOR SUPPORT OF GERMAN SYMPATHIZERS Chairman Willcox "Denies the Allegation and Defies the Allegator" New York, Oct. 2j. A second state ment from the democratic national com mittee, quoting a "plank" adopted by the 'American Independence conference following an "agreement" reached with Charles E. Hughes, followed by a challenge from Republican National Chairman Willcox for the democrats to produce such an agreement, kept the political pot boiljng here today with the hyphen issue." The democrats charged that Hughes entered into a secret agreement with the pro-Herman organization, Willcox entered emphatic denial and character ized the charges as "the cheapest kind of advertising in the interests of a lost cause." The democrats quoteu what was said to be tho plank adopted by the Amer ican Independence conference, calling upon the peoplo to " condemn the ab ject surrender of American rights to Mexico and Kuropeau nations," and ' 4 support Hughes. " . -At republicua headquarters a tele gram received from Frank Sieberlich, who was present at the session between Hughes and representatives of the con ference, denying that tht' republican candidate made auy promises. The tele gram follows: "The statement made by Mr. Hughes relative to the conference with the com mittee of the . American Independence conference is absolutly true. Mr. Hughs saw the committee, of which 1 was a member, made no promises, did not criticise Roosevelt and made no statement to tho committee that he stood for all American rights." - j After giving out this telegram, Will cox said: "If the democrats have any kind of agreemeat, why don't they present it t They have my consent, to find any kind of agreement. This is the cheapest kind of advertising for a lost cause. There was nothing secret about the confer ence Mr. Hughes had." Willcox went on to say that all man ner of citizens and groups of citizens bad seen Hughes, but that ho had made ao promises in any "shape, manner or form." Speaking o'f the lack of secrecy, Will cox took a fling at the democrats by de claring he didn't think the "same could be said of Burlesoa and others who have sought out certain racial interests." "I don't think Mr. Hughes would have a conference at midnight with a beer party," he declared. The chair man said none of Hughes' conferences wore secret, and added that in the vari ous organizations, who had sent com mittees to see him, the American Rights committee was included. Charge Agreement Made. New York, Oct. 23. Following the meeting of representatives of the Amer ican Independence conference and Charles E. Hughes at which the demo cratic national committee charges an ' agreement" was reached between the republican caadidate and German pro pagandists the conference made the main plank of its platform advocacy of Hughes' election, the democratic committee asserted in a statement to day. This plank, according to the state ment from national democratic head quarters read: "We call upon tne American people to use the opportunity which the pres ent campaign offers to condemn the abject surrender of American rights to Mexico and to European nations and to support the man who, ha openly pledged himself to maintain these rights." The democratic statement charges that shortly after the incorporation of this plank, J. P. O'Mahoney, of Indianap olis, and Victor Ridder, editor of the Staats-Zeituug, addressed a meeting of the members of the American Independ ence conference in Chicago on newspa- jTer publicity and outlined tne secret purpose of the conference to support Hughes for president and fight for the election of certain congressmen. "When the time comes that profes sional propagandists can attempt to dic tate the election of a president in the interest of a foreign country, it is time for Americans to stand up and repudiate such attempts," National Chairman Vance McCormick declared. He said that, regardless of politics, he consider ed it a duty to give publicity to such attempts. Vice-President Thomas R. Marshall, who visited democratic headquarters to day, predicted that any party or candi date trying to hook up with propagan- HYPHEN BARGAIN FORTY-EIGHT DEAD IS TOLL OF STORM LAKES FRIDAY Three Vessels Known To Be Lost and Lakes Strewn with Wreckage LITTLE HOPE OF FINDING ANY OF MISSING ALIVE Unidentified Wreckage Indi cates Death Toll May Be Much Larger Cleveland, Ohio, Oct. 23. With the departure of a revenue cutter this af ternoon, the search for bodies of vic tims of Lake Erie's "black Friday" storm was vigorously begun. The number of probable dead stood at 411 this afternoon when it was learn ed that two sailors on the original list of the Colgate- did not ship. Property loss from the ninety mile gale was placed. at o00,000. A Real Black Friday. Cleveland, Ohio, Oct. 23. Probable toll of . Lake Eric's "black Friday" storm jumped to AH dead today with the arrival in Toledo of the steamer Mat thews with three bodies from the found ered steamer Merida and the finding of three other bodies of sailors of this ill fated boat and of one body from anoth er vessel. The four-bodies were recovered by !he freighter Charlotte G. Breitung and taken to Sandwich, Ont. One of the four was found in a badly battered yawl marked "Jnmes B. Colgate " The other three wore lifebelts marked Me rida. The dead: .- Merida, six bodies resovered, 13 miss ing and probably dead. -. Whaleback James B. Colgate, 21 miss ing; one saved, and one dead, - Schooner D. I. Filer, six missing; one saved. Exposure may add to the list of dead. Captain Wnlter J. Grashaw, Cleveland, skipper of the Colgate, who was picked up after he had clung to a raft for 36 hours, is in a ccltical condition in a hos pital at Conneaut. Some unidentified wreckage has been sighted. Search was begun today for the miss ing, though little hope was held out that any would be found alive. 'Black Friday's" storm was the most disastrous Lake Erie has seen since the Great Lakes storm of November, 1913, when 17 vessels went down. Lake Full of Wreckage. Toledo, Ohio, Oct. 23. The steamer Matthews, Captain Cunningham, arrived here this morning with the bodies of three sailors wearing life belts of the steamer Merida. The . Merida was bound for Buffalo. The Merida, owned by James Playfair of Midland, Out., sailed from Fort Wil liam, Out., the middle of last week. The Merida was last seen Friday morning nt 10 o'clock by the steamer Briton off the southeast shoals. Lake Erie. Captain Cunningham reported the bodies were found 50 miles west of Long Point, Ont. He said the freighter Charlotte G. Breitung has also picked up four bodies in the same vicinity, be lieved to have been from the Merida, taking them to Sandwich, Ont. The Merida, bound for Buffalo, was under the command of Captain II. S. Jones, of Buffalo. Her home port is Chicago. Fear was expressed today that to the long list of casualties from the lake storm will be added all of the crew of 25 of the- Merida. Thirty-four dead is the now known toll of the storm, with possibly 21 of the Merida 's crew unaccounted for. The report of Captain Alexander Mc Donald of the Harvey Gouldcr that he had found the lake "full of wreckage," which he could not identify, -caused the fear that other steamers as yet unreport ed may have foundered with loss of life. Captain Walter J. Grashaw, Cleveland skipper, was the only survivor of the whaleback James B. Colgate's crew of 25- He -was picked up from a raft yes terday off Conneaut and taken to that port. MANY MINERS KILLED Birmingham, Ala-, Oct. 23 The death list resulting from the gas explosion in the Marvel mine, 35 miles south of Bir mingham will contain 15 and possibly 20 names, it became known today when the twelfth body was brought out by res cuers. They reported at least three more bod ies to" be recovered and there arc five others unaccounted for. EAILEOAD VALUATIONS Washington, Oct. 23.--The interstate commerce commission announced its first physical valuation of railroads, placing the value of the Texas Midland railroad tentatively at 1.3H2,(KJ4, and the Atlanta, Birmingham t Atlantic at 22.71fl.KK). These are the costs of re production. The Texas Midland, less de preciation, is valued at $2,257,417; the Senator Chamberlain (Speaks Tonight I 1 ? V -V - I t . v , I it ( 3"2ta?-S T ) I : t ' V ' ' J I I ' - ' w fa . ;. I h ' jit- ip i i l 4 JfV ' 44 X '; " i ''V '; ' '!' : !l ! iii(fcJL.tjLiHiajriAato i George E. Chamberlain, In it ed States senator from Oregon. . " : : " " i " : " . Senator Chamberlain will tell of the legislation- passed by congress in an address at tho Grand Opera House tonight beginning at H o'clock. Previous to the meeting at 7:15 o'clock an informal reception will be tendered the sen ator at the Marion hotel where everybody who desires is invited to meet him. T 'S Believe Barrett Murdered Wife and Stepson Hiding Bodies in Barn Los Angeles, Cal., Oct. 23 Detectives investigating the double murder confess ed to by Benton L. Barrett, an agedH wealthy hnnta -Monica farmer who sur rendered himself to the police, telling them he hud killed his wife, Mrs. Irene Barrett, and her son, Raymond Wright, today were inclined to doubt Barrett's story. According to Barrett, both his wife nnd young Wright attacked him and ho killed them in self defense. He told further how he burned the bodies and displayed a heap of charred bones to prove his story. But detectives dcclurc the hones are not those of a human. In stead, the theory was advanced that the murder muy have been premeditated, and with the charred bones and his story, Barrett thought ho would bo ac quitted of uctual murder at a trial, and surrendered himself for that reason. Today detectives planned to move sev eral tons of hay atored in the barn of tho Barrett ranch, whore it is believed the bodies may be hidden. BIoodstainB and other evidence tends to show the deed was done la this barn mi not in the yard of their home, as Barrett do cUired in his story. A neighbor woman told detectives she heard four shots last Wednesday com ing from the vicinity of the Barrett home. Police Squads Wreck Seattle Drug Stores Henttle, Wash., Oct. 23 Police wreck ing squads, armed with axes, reduced two downtown drug stores literally to kindling and broken glassware over Huuday. Marked coins had been ex changed for li(uor in each place. They were the Washington Annex pharmacy, adjoining the Washington Annex hotel, and the People's Pharmacy, 210 Pike street. Tho value of fixture;! and drug storks destroyed aggregated more than $12,000. Mnaagcrs, pharmacists nnd Japanese porters were arrested, and each released on SOUO bail. In a raid on the Lannon apartments. in the fashionable Queen Anne Hill dis trict, 25 cases of bottled whiskey wore confiscated. It was supposed to be blind pig stock. Harry Ktanlcy, known as "Frisco" was arrested as the owner of the liquor. Vnn'va ont tn tnlc. vnn hut off to Hie man who bows to the inevitable. I ALDER, IS INSANE Expected Populace Would Make Demonstration Fol lowing His Deed By Carl W. Ackerman. Berlin, Oct. 23 Vienna authorities took prompt action to prevent demon strations following the assassinatioa of Count Karl Htuerghk, the Austrian pre mier. The usual Sunday meetings were pro hibited. Crowds gathered In tho streets, indignant over tlio shooting, but there were no disturbances. Dr. Frederick Alder, the premier's assassin, who dis played general coolness when first ar rested, collapsed when he learned of the authorities action. He told his jailers that he believed the Vienna crowds would be fired to great demonstrations by his act and expected other radical socialists to head the disturbance. Telephone communication between Brlin and Vienna, interrupted shortly after the shooting was restored a few hours later. A postmortcr examination confirmed reports that all three bullets found lodgment in the prime minister's head. Vienna dispatches today said that Baron Beck, former premier, is tho probable choice as successor to the slain prime minister. Prince Tohenlohe, minister of the interior and tho oldest member of the cabinet is temporarily filling the vacancy- German socinlists declare that Adler was insane. They say he was consider ed "peculiar" when he wns a student nt Munich several years ago. Southern California Shaken by Earthquake Los Angeles, Cal., Oct. 23. All south ern California from as far Wrth as Fres no and Hnnta Bnrbnr'fa and as far south as the Imperial Valley took stock of damage done by the 15 second earth quake which visited this region at 0:45 iast night, but no materiul damage was done. A few dishes were broken, but aside from the general scare tho quake was tinrmlMi Many people were at supper when the tremor came and were suddenly ap praised of seismic disturbances by seeing til..!,. (liaiiAa Mitiie across Tne tame, front some quarters it was reported that a rumbling noise, something like thunder, accompanied tne quaae. I V. C Elmer of Cleveland, Ohio, h 6 i 1 made a fortune selling 8-cent pies. 51 IS BADLY WHIPPED Genera Ozuna, Sent to Cap ture Villa Is Reported V Among Killed. ARMY IS CUT TO PIECES jN BATTLE SATURDAY Chihuahua City In Danger and Commander Appeals for Aid El Paso, Texas, Oct. 23. That Gas- oral Ozuna, commander of the expedi tion of Mexiean de facto troops sent to cupture Villa, was killed in Saturday ' battle with the bandits, his command cut to pieces and Colonel Martin Ka linas, who succeeded to tho command af ter Ozuun's death, was seriously wound ed, woro the reports received here to duy by agents of United States govtrnr ment departments and trausnutteu to Washington. Largo forces of tho bandits under per sonal command of Villa were encamped nt Fresno, only 10 miles west of Chihua hua City last night, menacing the lurg- est nnd best fortified city in northern Mexico, nccording to these reports.-' From Mexican oificinl Bources no ver ification of these reports was available. Since Saturday's battlo between Car- ranzistas and Villistas, an unusually rigid censorship has been maintained by do facto officials and representa-' tives of mining companies were allowed to send ouly meager details of the 'fight. Chihuahua City papers print little of the battle except to Bay there was heavy fighting, resulting in a victory for th Cnrrauzistas. . VlUa Near Chihuahua, El Paso, Texas, Oct. 23. Villieta bandits have surrounded the western side of Chihuahua City, after driving the Mcxicaa de.facto government troops into the outskirts, and another attack upon the northern Mexico capital is be lieved' imminent, declared an unconfirm ed report reaching United Htntes gov ernment departments here today. Veri fication of this, however, is lacking and, Cnrranza officials still insist that da facto troops are driving the baadits to ward Hnnta Ysabel. ... An official Carranzista statement dated Saturday and made public today by Consul Horiano Bravo states that heavy fightiag between Villistas and da facto forces continued throughout Fri day and Saturday with very heavy losses on both sides. The statement ad mitted Colonel baliaas was wounded. - Rush Reinforcements. Juarez, Mexico, Oct. 23. Boinforee ments from the Carranzista Rarriao hero are being rushed to Chihuahns City today, following an appeal for aid from Gouernl Trcvina, Carranzista com mander at Chihuuhua City. The appeal stated that Villista forces were near th city. Two troop trains wero hastily loaded and started south with about 300 infantry and 75 cavalry. De facto gar risons along the lino of the Mexico) Northwestern railway are also being culled into the capital. Bandits Are Victors. El Paso, Texas, Oct. 23. United States government department agents liere declared today they had obtained rcliuble information that Carranzita forces had sustained a severe defeat in the two day running fight with Villista bandits and that Villa's forces wer uow only a few miles outside Chihuahua. City. The call for Carranzista reinforce ments from Juarez is rcnarded as an in dication that the situation ia serious. WOULD RE-OPEN CASE HE Washington, Oct. 23. Depart ment of justice attorneys today presented to the supreme court a petition to review the Oregon California land case, involving the constitutionality of the law passed by congress last session. ? 5 THE WPATHFR 0 AlUi iiassaa a w Oregon: Fair tonight and Tues day; north to east winds. CARRAI1ZA S ARMY VLLA THIS IS (THE LIFE (Continued on page seven.) A. a. t A. at fIS,U71i0.