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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 14, 1916)
Editorial Page of "The Capital ..Journal"
SATl'KDAY EV'ENI Mi,
October 14, 1!H5.
CHARLES H FI8HEB,
Editor and Manager.
PUBLISHED EVKBY EVENING EXCEPT SUNDAY, BAI.KM, OREGON, BY
Capital Journal Ptg. Co., Inc.
L. S. BARNES,
CIIAS. II. FISHER,
Sec. und Trens.
Dailv bv carrier, nor venr 5.00 Per monfh
Daily by mail, per year
3.00 Per nionlli
AN ATTORNEY ADVISES LABOR
FULL LK.VSKD WJKK TIXEOK Al'H KK1DKT
New York, Ward T.owis-Williaiiis Special Agency, Tribune Building
Chicago, W. 11. Stockwoll, I'eoplo's (las Building
The Capital Journal earlier boys nro instructed to put the papers on the
porch. If the carrier docs not do this, misses you, or neglects getting the
paper to you on time, kindly phone the circulation manager, as this is the only
way we cau determine whether or not the carriers ore following instruction.
Phone Main SI before 7:30 o'clock and u paper will be sent you by special
messenger if the carrier has missed you.
WEALTH AND POVERTY
. Not long ago a friend after reading an editorial in the
Capital Journal, remarked: "You seem to have a preju
dice against rich men." If he gathered that idea some
others may have done the same thing, and yet nothing in
the -article would justify such a construction. We recog
nize the fact that there are rich men now just as there
has been ever since man ceased to be a savage. We real
ize that should the doctrine of the communist be put in
force tomorrow, no sooner would property be divided
than the many would begin to squander and the lew to
save, and inside of a week some would be desiring a new
division. The idea intended to be conveyed in the editor
ial in question was that those who accumulate should be
willing to pay to be protected in their accumulations in
proportion to the amount they owned. It was a criticism
of income tax dodgers. The world was framed on a
foundation of equal and exact justice. That was the
decree promulgated when the angel with the flaming
sword prevented our first parents irom re-entering the
garden. They were told they must earn their bread by
work. It is the divine, law that man shall possess only
that wealth, whether of money, lands, love, happiness or
any of the other treasures of the earth that his honest
and faithful efforts to earn fully deserve. Man has set
aside this law. Some possess what they do not earn ; but
the books of the infinite must balance. If they do not
earn it then some other man or men must. Wealth is the
accumulation of toil, and if the toiler has not all. that he
has earned and he that toils not, has more, it is because
man's laws prevail instead of the great decree laid down
at the gates of Eden. That is where the trouble comes in,
that some must toil to balance the books! We find no
fault with men being rich, for no one is poor from choice,
but there surely is a limit somewhere beyond which the
grabbing of the earnings of the laborer should not be
permitted to go. Mr. Rockefeller made $8,000,000 in one
day, yet he gets permission from the authorities at Bay
onne to use machine guns to kill strikers who are strug
gling for a higher wage, a larger portion of their own
created wealth. Compare this action with that of Henry
Ford and say which conforms more nearly to the dictates
of humanity and the natural laws.
HUGHES VERSUS HAWLEY
Mr. Hughes' clearest and most definite campaign issue
is opposition to the Adamson eight-hour day law. He
contends the labor unions held-up the president and
congress and clubbed them into enacting a vicious law;
that the president and the congressmen who voted for
it were cowardly and lacked the back-bone to fight for
what was right.
As Congressman W. C. Hawley of this district voted
for the Adamson bill in the house, it would be interesting
to know what he thinks of Hughes' stand on this issue.
Does he admit, by supporting Hughes, that he himself
was too cowardly to vote against the vicious bill in
We believe Mr. Hawley was right in going to the ex
tent he did to save the nation from a railroad strike
which would have paralyzed every industry for an in
definite period. But why does not Mr. Hawley defend
congress from the vindictive attacks of Mr. Ilughes?
Is he sorry now that he voted for the Adamson bill and
willing to bear his back to Mr. Hughes' verbal lash?
The Dallas (Texas) News says: "The cost of living
hasn't changed much for the man who raises his own
board in his own fields and sleeps in his own house."
That is a catchy way of saying it, but is it true? If the
farmer used nothing but what he raised the statement
would not be far from correct; but that is not the case.
He buys farm implements at increased cost. He uses
sugar, coffee, tea, dozens of things he cannot grow. He
has in these days an auto, and John D. soaks him for
gasoline when he wants a few pennies to give away. In
fact the farmer is like every other citizen, he has to
depend on others for a large portion of the things he
LADD & BUSH, Bankers
CAriTAL ... . . $500,000.00
Transact a General Banking Business
Safety Deposit Boxes
Henry Estabrook, whom the Oregonian says is "an
eminent New York lawyer," in a speech at Portland last
night asserted that "Hughes is Labor's best friend." At
torney Estabrook probably never did a days work in
actual labor in the whole cotirse of his life, yet he breaks
into print and mounts the stump to advise Labor as to
how it should vote and as to who are its friends. Against
Attorney Estabrook's statement which is that of a lawyer
trying to clear his client, note the decision of the United
States supreme court while Candidate Hughes was a
member thereof, and in which he concurred, that fined
rne uanoury natters nearly half a million dollars with
the alternative of serving practically a lifetime in iail
uniess me nne was paia. inis nne was met by contribu
tions from union labor all over the country. Thus Mr.
Hughes who is such "a friend of labor" levied a tremend
ous fine on organized labor at the behest of that labor's
employers. Lawyer Estabrook says "Hughes is Labor's
best friend." What does Old Samuel Gompers who for a
lifetime has fought Labor's battles and led it to many
victories, say? Attorney Estabrook is of the Huehes
class, far removed from the everyday worker and living
on a plane above any sentiment about the clods of the
earth, the common working man. He measures Hughes
from his viewpoint, that of an attorney, which makes
him a saint so long as he is a client.
The Episcopal convention in session at St. Louis is
moved to its depths oyer the proposed amendment to the
canons of the church providing that no divorced person
having a partner still living shall have a wedding cere
mony performed by a clergyman of the church. The
question has been under discussion for three days and
was to have been voted on yesterday but was put over
until today. If the episcopal minisfers were the only
ones that could perform the marriage ceremony there
might be something accomplished in the way of decreas
ing the divorce evil by this course; but with practically
all the other denominations permitting . and with
judicial officers numerous who would ask rib questions as
to either party's previous condition of servitude, before
performing the ceremony, the refusal of the ministers of
this one church to marry the divorced would be "perfect
The registration for the state will be about 275,000, or
about :0,000 less than in 1914. Considering that this is
a presidential year, while in 1914 there were only state
and county offices elected it shows that a goodly number
ot Oregon voters are not deeply interested Jri the result,
It also show's that the voters are getting tired of the
whole annoying registration business. The law should be
that a voter once registered would remain that way until
he moved but of the voting precinct at least and better
yet until he moved out of the state. It means further that
there will be a larger number than usual who will hunt
up their friends to vouch for them at the polls so they
can vote. The feature of the matter that interests the.
politician is what effect will a light vote have? Will it
help Wilson or Hughes?
It would seem that the man who drives an auto along
the wrong side of a road, in a heavy fog, at, a speed of 40
miles an hour and in doing so destroys human life and
property, deserves similar treatment to the man who
runs amuck with a knife or gun. Automobiles are be
coming so numerous that the increasing death and cas
ualty rolls call for more stringent laws or stricter en
forcement of the provisions of those now on the statute
books. A large part of the accidents is due to the acts
of reckless or inexperienced drivers and it is the handling
of automobiles by these classes that must be curbed if we
would protect the lives and property of our people. The
speeder is especially treated with too much leniency when
he gets into trouble.
WHAT THE COLONEL DID TO TAFT
A Capital Journal reader last night phoned the office
saying he did not own a Bible and asked that we publish
the verses spoken of yesterday as illustrating what the
colonel had done to Mr. Taf t and to the Progressive party.
In compliance with the request and to save others who
have any curiosity in the matter the trouble of looking
them up we give the verses: In Samuel II, chapter III,
verse 27, it reads: And when Abner was returned to
Hebron, Joab took him aside in the gate to speak to him
quietly, and smote him in the fifth rib and he died.
In the other reference as to what he did to his child,
the Progressive party, verses 9 and 10, chapter XX of the
same book, it reads: And Joab said to Amasa: Art thou
in health brother? And Joab took Amasa by the beard!
to kiss him. But Amasa took no heed to the sword that
was in Joab's hand; so he smote him therewith in the fifth
rib and shed out his bowels on the ground and struck him
not again; and he died.
As a successful prodder Joab had nothing on the
The Capital Journal prints today the last of the
awards made to exhibitors at the late fair. The delay has
been caused by the work of taking these lists from the
award records which were in no shape for publication,
and as was the case last year the premium list, except for
a few of the livestock departments, has been printed ex
clusively in the Capital Journal.
L. H. McMahan seems to be gaining strength. in his
campaign as independent candidate for prosecuting at
torney. This is natural because he is the best equipped
of any of the candidates for the place and possesses the
full confidence of the people among whom he has lived so
long. The voters of Marion county know there is no
politics in this office and that McMahan is a real inde
pendent by virtue of the fact that he has always acted
and voted in the most independent manner himself and
has been open and above board about it. It is such a man
we need to fill the office because he will be as fair as he is
fearless in the handling of the criminal and legal business
ot the county. ;
Often when I cannot sleep, in my dark and
quiet room, ugly phantoms round me creep,
grinning at me in the gloom. Oft they
come in grisly bands, to my sorrow and my
shame, beckoning with fleshless hands,
clanking chains and breathing flame. Many
sinful things I've done, in the days that
are gone by; that advantage might be won,
I have sprung the vicious lie. Adding to
this wad of mine, I've been tricky, mean
and low, and I skinned a learned divine in
, a horse trade, long ago. in my scheming
for the kale, at no trifles would I stop; when I had some
spuds for sale, all the biggest were on top. I've com
mitted many crimes; I confess it, now I'm gray; I have
voted seven times on the same election day. And when
sleep from me recedes, and I lie in bed awake, ghosts of
all these evil deeds come and fill me with an ache. Man
of his achievements boasts, of the "killings" he has made ;
but he can't escape the ghosts spectres which are never
laid. . .
1 ;: jj: ! !c j!
The price of some commodities re
mains the same, but you get n smaller
piece of the commodity.
To Give Wind Jammers
San Francisco, Oct. 14. One of" the
last American fleets of "wind jam-
Kver notice it! A damp match alwavs 1 niers is to have other than canvas mo-
strikes out. tive power. This is the fleet of the
. Alaska Packers' association and today
If the story is true that egg fillers arrangements are being made for instnli-
' lncr nuxiuurv onmnes in its iu snuare
The vessels to be converted arc the
Greenland, Finland, Holland. I'eru, In
dia, Chile, England, .star of Iceland,
Italy, Scotland, Zealand, Poland, France,
Lapland, Russia and Star of Alaska.
There may be a few things that are
going down paving for instance but
for the most part things seem to be go
are to increase in price because of the
paper market, which of course would
mean that the price of hen fruit will
be higher, it looks probable that few
er residents ot Salem will use eggs for
.Tho governor gets $3,000 a year sal
ary, plus $300 traveling expenses. Cus
it to $3,000. His private secretary gets
$3,000; cut to $1,500.
The secretary of state $4,i!00; cut ta
2,i00. His chief deputy $3,000: cut to
The treasurer $4,i00; cut to $2,400.
His chief deputy $3,000; cut to $.1,500.
Tho constitution fixes the salary o(
the governor and secretary of stuto at
$1500 each, an, I the treasurer at SOO.
In .1005 the legislature smashed the con
stitution and raised thcBe salaries.
The attorney general $3,000; cut to
$2,400. His three assistants $5,500; cut
State engineer $3,000: cut to 2.000.
His assistant $3,000; cut to $1.X00.
Lnbor commissioner $3,000; cut to
Circuit judges (23 of them) $4,000
each; cut to $2,000.
Supreme court justices (7 of theia)
$4,500 each; cut to $2.40(1. Art. XIIC
of the constitution fixes this salary at
$2,000. In 1007 the legislature raised it
to $4,500. Three years later Art. VIC
of the constitution was amended leav
ing this salary open. Xow which holds.
Art. XIII f or Art. VII? or the uncon
stitutional net of the legislature!
The public service commissioners
(three) $4,000 each; cut to $2,000. Their
secretary and thirteen others get $20,
000; cut to $14,200.
Industial accident commissioners'
(three) $3,0(10 each; cut to $l,SO0.
Here is a saving of $101,000 a year
on salaries. The margin would still be
high enough to tempt brainy men now
in office to Beek re-election.
The last legislature appropriated
$20,000 for a sectarian institution. This
use of the taxing power violates our
fundament til democracy.
The fish and guine institution calls
for $09,700 a year, and is of but little
general benefit. Cut it out.
The pen and industrial school costs
$119,01(0 a year. They should be mude
From all which we could save on '
taxes $320,300 a year. Is it worth,
while? Taxes last year amounted to
$0 for every vote cast nt the last elec
tion. LEVI D. RATLIFF,
Candidato for the Legislature,
(I'd. Adv.) Uct.lt
LATE HOP NOTES
Among the hop sales of the pass
week were the following: A. G. Stcel
haiumer, Silverton. 00 bales to Felix
Isaacson, for the Wolf Hop company at
11 cents; H. Johnson, route 2, Cuuby,
30 bules over contract, to Wolf Hop
company, at J0'L, cents; Mary Daniels,
Chaiuposg country, 2S bales to Seavcf
Hop company, at II cents; Frank Ver
gen, 29 bales and Will Yergen, 15 bales
to Seuvey, at the same figure. Smith,
anil Fry took in the last three lots Friday.
Letters from England repent the in
formation apparently now accepted a
reliable, that the Knglish hop crop
will not exceed 300,000 cwt. Under nor
mal conditions this would mean that
large quantities would have to be im
ported into Great Britain to meet tho
needs of the English brewers. But tho
embargo is still in force, and there
seems every probability a "tight lid"
on the English market for the remain
der of the year.
The same day that the Portland Jour
nal used half inch headlines to say that
the hop market is sagging with littlo
trading is reported in the valley, Wm.
Brown and company of Salem, paid
George and the Zimmerman brothers,
1 1 cents for PI bines of hops, ths
highest price paid in this section this
year, up to last Saturday the day of tho
sale. Hop market predictions are dan
gerous business for the market editor.
There are about eightr oueratioBs
iu the manufacture of a gold pen.
Mr. Hughes has at last made it plain what he would
have done in the matter of the Lusitania had he been
president. He says: "I would have made it known in
terms unequivocal, and unmistakable that we should not
tolerate a continuance of friendly relations" when notice
was published "with reference to the threatened action."
In other words Mr. Hughes says he would have "sent
Germany a note."
CLIFFORD OBJETS TO NELL GORDON
I waited a while, impatiently running
to the window if I heard a step on the
walk, then decided I would get. all
Clifford Does Not Come Home. t
At 0 o'clock I went dowiiBtairs and
stationed myself at the window to wntch :
A Becoming Gown.
what a darling dress! '
for Clifford. Half past six, then
exclaimed when I stepped into the car.
ter or avpn t ia hu 1 oln.'lr .l;,A.i w.:n Ml- onnl l.J 1.1 - l-
i , . , : , . uionu uhck exposing it.
ready. If Clifford came home audi he did not come. I gave one last long- "I am so uls.l ,. iu ,;,
wouldn't go, perhaps he would tell meing look down the street, then went 'plied hnwrilv "
to go without him nud I did so want I slow-ly back upstairs culling Mandv as i! "Like i'ti
to go. If he didn't come home to din- went. I had bnrelv time enough to i isn 't it m, ; i. . i rprfectIf , lovely.
anvwnv. cnanire mv dress.
Something had kept me from ques- "I shall not wait anv longer, Mandv
tinning Muriel when we talked over the so bring my dress-"
telephone, but I wondered if she had) "That's right honey! yo go and hnv
inviieti oiuer guests n i-eouara arooite a nice time.
. r . 1 'I, .
w-n to lie with them. "He is such ! "(Jivo n,n nAn.;i .J .,. T ...:n '.'V -wur l""s-
"Stunning color! very becoming too "
he returned. "You are getting to be
great dresser. I'm ulad I don't
An American auto driver who went across the Mex
; ican line to recover a lost mule resisted arrest by a Mex
ican soldier yesterday and killed the Mexican. This will
not draw a heavy editorial from the Oregonian. The
j dead Mexican did not belong to that paper, and could not
; possibly vote for Hughes.
j George Ade, the humorist, is said to be supporting
Hughes for the presidency. Queer how everything that
some men do is just naturally funny.
kintil Mr. Hammond comes home."
'What for yo war sich an ole
dress!" she sniffed.
"if I go I will wear a better one.
'What's dat, honeyf" Mandy asked,
; leave a note for ilr. Hauimond telling'
Hum where we are going. Be sure imlli.i.i,,
T .1 .... ..
Muriel, really not as well. It is 0lr
pausing. She was hooking my.dress and i give it to him when he comes in nn mat. i....'i . ""wn anything
could not see me blush, "is v0 goiu'lter how late it is." "-,0""' "eept that they were
to a dance f" - " Yes. Missv Mildred, but don ' vn .ary. 1 n rate that ' what Clif-
"1 k., . -VI 1- T , 1... ....:.. :.. .1...... -... , siivs. -
Ijes-hav a good time.'
"All right. Mandy, but don't for
get," I cautioned just as I heard the
honk-honk of the car. "There thev are
Perhaps I'll wear the new yellow crepe, now! Do I look all right i" 1 a-ked
so don t worrv
"Yo sholy '11 be te puritiest lady
thnr ef yo do."
"i'ou'll spoil me, Mandv," I laughed-
"Spoilin" don' hurt no one. ot a
leetle bit o' epoilin'. "
I knew she was thinking that all the
"spoiling"' I had came from her, and
that she resented it.
hungry for a little praise.
"Yo sholy do! thar won't be no one
thar no pruttier! "
I knew that I looked well, that my
gown was very chic and becoming, but
Mandy 's appreciation was very grate
ful, and I smiled as I lurried out to the
car. But still I wondered if Clifford
wouiu o very angry l.ecause I had
witnout nis permission,
"Did vou hear from "U tj
r - , , . ... uauiuiujta;
to7ou Le eoing to be
"I couldn't locate bim, but I left a
note with Mandy. I told him where
we were going, and if he comes in be
fore it is too late he will be snre to
come, I assured her. but with no as
surance, m my own mind. To tell tho
truth I was beginning to be a little
frightened at my 'daring. Suppose Clif
ford should be very angry and forbid
me to be friendly with Muriel.
(Tomorrow An Attractive Place to