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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 28, 1916)
Editorial Page of "The Capital Journal"
August 2S, UMtS.
CHARLES H FISHES,
Editor and Manager.
PUBLISHED EVERY EVENING EXCEPT SUNDAY, SALEM, 0KE0ON, BY
Capital Journal Ptg. Co., Inc.
r. a RARKFS. CHAS. H. FISHER,
DOB A C. ANDRESEN,
Sec. and Treas.
Mx.ii. , ,.B. rwr veir 5 00 Per month
JUilj by mail, per year
3.01) Per month
FULL LEASED WIRE TELEGRAPH REPORT
New York. Ward-Lewis-Williams Special Agency, Tribune Building
Chisago, W. H. Stockwcl 1, People 'a Uas Building.
The Capital Journal carrier boys are instructed to put the papers on the
area. If the carrier does not do this, misses you, or i-eglects gettitng the
Mer to you on time, kindly phone the circulation manager, as this is the only
Tar we ean determine whether or not the carriers are following instructions.
Phon. Main 81 before 7:30 o'clock an d a paper will be seat you by special
passenger if the earrier has missed you.
THE EIGHT-HOUR DAY IS COMING
Whether we believe it is right or not to shorten the
hours of labor most business men and heads of industrial
concerns realize that the general eight-hour day is com
ing and coming to stay. It has already been accorded to
a majority of workingmen and those who are working
nine and ten hours will never cease their agitation until
it has been granted to them. The railroad managers are
facing the inevitable and the sooner they meet the new
conditions the sooner will the adjustment to new condi
tions be made. Their gloomy predictions of disaster are
no doubt overdrawn as they have been at various times in
the past. On this point the East Oregonian pertinently
"In furthering the railroad side of the eight hour con
troversy many alarming stories are sent out showing al
leged tremendous added expense the roads will have to
meet if the demands of the men are granted. A favorite
claim is that it will mean $100,000,000 added expenditure
to the railroads.
"This claim would have more weight were it notloi
the fact the identical figures were used in the past when
ever any movement tending toward the safety ot em
ployes was proposed. s ,
"When the air-brake law was pending the officials
claimed it would cost the roads $100,000,000 to put it into
effect. When the patent safety coupler was first pro
posed, again the railroads stated it , would cost one hun
dred million. When the movement in favor of electiic
headlights was under way once more they said it would
cost a hundred million. . ,
': ."As a matter of fact it may be doubted if these f ore aid
steps have cost the railroads anything because the roads
as well as the men have benefitted from the miprove-
"As to a wage advance under the eight hour plan the
trainmen assert that not more than one-third of the men
will be affected as far as increased pay is concerned.
These men will not be the high priced men, but those who
are paid the least and deserve an increase the most.
"Altogether the demand of the railroad men for an
eight hour law is a worthy one. It looks to the conserva
tion of humanity and humanity is a subject that should
have precedence over dividends or freight rates.
The big special editions of the Marshfield Times and
Record, on account of the railroad celebration, look like
the return of the old boom time. They contain many
pages filled with live advertisements and profusely illus
trated. It requires a whole lot of enterprise on part ot
the publishers to issue such editions and they could only
do it with the support of a wide-awake community.
Those watching auto races at Kalamazoo yesterday got
... m. fimii- miinpv wVipn eleven out of tour-
Hll c All a till 111 i iin-ii i...."j --- . ,,
teen outos in the race, piled up at the first turn during the
race. ' Two are dead, one of these decaptitated and eight
others injured, one of them probably fatally, "butchered
to make a Roman holiday" is a tame expression to use
about the American speed sports.
The Cherrians having done everything else imaginable
crowned the climax on the way home Sunday by taking
a straw vote on president. The result showed Hughes
0' Wilson 45, but it does not want to be overlooked that
Salem's sleight of hand expert Cooke Patton was on the
That railroad from Eugene to Coos Bay is said to have
cost $11,000,000. It may be some time before the company
gets adequate returns on its investment but it will be a
great producer sometime. Anyway it has performed a
great service for the state in "getting it together.
The Coos Bav visitor?, or the Salem contingent pre
sented General Manager Scott a vote of thanks for the
splendid service furnished by his company. Everybody
signed it and it was well deserved.
LADD & BUSH, Bankers
Transact a General Banking Business
Safety Deposit Boxes
SEX AND SUICIDE
Official statistics of suicide show some strange ways of
the human mind.
For instance, it appears that, all other things being
equal, a married man is much more likely to commit
suicide than a bachelor. But women who are single,
spinsters, divorcees or widows, seem to find life less worth
living than do married ones. JN either ill health nor
alcohol is such a potent cause of suicide as business losses,
Even unfortunate love affairs do not cause as much
weariness of life as does loss of money.
This is why there are few suicides committed on Sat
urday. Those who have worried through the week have
received their pay, and the strain is temporarily relieved,
or, if being pressed hard in business affairs, there is a day
of immunity at hand in which something may turn up.
Monday black Mondayis the day when those forced
by business disaster seem most disposed to give up the
The day when women find their domestic troubles most
unbearable is Sunday. And their commonest time for
suicide is between 9 and 12 in the evening.
Though married women do not give up to suicide as
much as unmarried ones do, it looks as if the husband's
being, around home for a whole day contributes to the
Or. perhaps, the Saturday night and Sunday drink
drives the wife to dispair and death. .
But who is there that can analyze the woe which drives
women to death on the day that should be the most hap
py and peaceful of all the week.
We call women the weaker sex, and yet in about "0,000
cases officially recorded in this country in a period of
three years the suicide of men outnumber that of women
two to one.
An Ohio man has invented a refrigerator to be used
without ice, and if some. one will next invent a way to
keep food prices down some of us might be able to fill the
Italy yesterday declared war on Germany. It wafc
Sunday but would hardly come within the meaning of
the proverb, "the better the day the better the deed."
Coos Bay's resources are simply amazing. The wed
ding has "demonstrated that the bride was not only a
beauty but an heiress most generously dowered.
Everybody home from Coos Bay tired but happy, and
carrying with them the conviction that the people down
there are the most hospitable on earth.
"Democrats steal Taft reforms," is an editorial head
ing in the Medford Sun. Wouldn't be more than petit
larceny if they did.
Now that Rumania has got into the war game the
bloody Balkans will be dyed a deeper hue than ever
mmm hmh i mi i
The roads that lead to Hayseed Center
make people's tempers warm; in vain, in
vain, with voice of Stentor, I clamor for re
form. The roads are full of holes and
ridges, that bust our costly tires, and there
are sway-backed, creaking bridges, to
gether tied with wires. We have a lovely,
growing city, at which the tourists shy; and
it seems seven times a pity bad roads must
J black her eye. Our city hall is rich with
r-ff gilding, we've churches and we've schools,
and our large new gymnasium Diuiding is
fixed with swimming pools. We have a bank and three
physicians, and in our public square there is a stand
where our musicians play tunes beyond compare. We
ought to grow, and yet we're shrunken, because our roads
are bad, for folks won't come unless they're drunken
to see our lovely grad. And still we'll fool away our taxes
and have our roads a wreck, till we apply our little axes
to some official neck.
Representative of Forestry
Service in Special Work
Ray H. Chnpler, who is associated
with the forestry service with head
quarter in Portlaud, left Saturday to
resume his speeinl work at Mt. St.
Helens, after a bnf visit in the city.
Mrs. Chnpler and the baby will join
him later at Portland.
Mr. Chnpler is the. first graduate
from the O. A. C. forestry school to
pass the technical examination, one re
quiring a much higher grade of scholar
ship than that given for forest rangers.
According to Mr. Chapter, he is as
sociated with district number 7 of the
V. S. Forest service, having in charge
the national forests in Oregon, Wash
ington and Alaska. His speeinl work
is in the. Columbia National forests of
Washington as chief of the Spirit Lake
A look-out will be established short
ly on the top of Mt. St. Helens, the
second hardest climb in the Northwest,
according to the Mazamas. Heretofore,
I Mt. St. Helens has been under the pa
i trol system, lmt hereafter will be un
! der the look out system, with Bell tele
: phone connections. The. climb to the
I summit is so difficult that the last
four and half miles are made by sled
) diiiif only. The cabin to be erected
J will be 19 by 12 feet, with an IS foot
' tower and a man will be stationed
j there from the first of duly until the
first September rain. As soon as the
j cabin is built, Mr. Chapter will return
, to his headquarters at Portland.
I Boy Drowned at Celilo
Body Not Yet Found
The Dalles, Or., Aug. 2S Searelrers
for the body of George Roos, age IS.
Portland boy drowned in the Columbia
river rapids at Celilo, believed today
it had been carried far down stream by
the swift current. Roos perished when
a canoe in which he was paddling with
his brother Walter capsized in a whirl
pool. The boys were journeying from
Lewiston, Idaho, to Portland.
3jC 3fc 3c ic 5C 3C 3jC c 3C 3jC Tfi
Hhcdd Monitor: Chas. Pugh's thresh
ing crew pulled into an lS-ucre field,
belonging to Henry Abraham, who lives
tibout two and one-half miles west of
Shcdd, one day this week, set their, ma
chine and commenced threshing at 8 a.
m. They finished the job at 1:30 p.
in. and hail threshed lin'8 sacks of oats,
which averaged three bushels, by
weight, making a total yield of 2,004
bushels. This shows a yield of Ul bush
els per acre. They were five and one
half hours doing the work, un average
of 2(i5 bushels per hour, or about seven
bushels per minute. This is Linn coun
ty for you and in the vicinity of Shedd.
Clackamas county imported np
proximately $10,0110 worth of liquor
tho first seven months under the dry
luw. The amount seems to be in
creasing rapidly. For instance, 5"
shipments of whiskey were received
in this county in January; liHt in
February; in March; 4S in April;
577 in May; 57!) in June: ami 730 in
July. The niouth-by-mouth record of
beer .shipments follows: January. 2:
February, 111; March, 42; April," 74:
May, 102; June, 200; and July, 207.
Shipments of all other liquors show the
same proportion of increase.
A single member of the Willamette
Valley Lumber Manufacturers' As
sociation wonts 84 enrs and they cannot
be had, which condition is alleged to
be typical among the 20 members of
the nssocintion, and to be responsible
for the suit that is threatened against
the railroads for damages. The firm
that needs 84 cars is the Spaulding
Lumber company, whose shortage is re
ported as follows: Newberg, 37 cars;
Salem, 34 cars; Noon, 12 curs. The
Spaulding concern operates in Polk,
Yamhill, Benton and Marion counties.
It has (150,000 feet cut to ship, mostly
to California. The threatening of a
damage suit was ulleged by Willamette
Valley lumbermen Saturday to be the
result of long-continuer irritations. That
ilamages really can be collected, how.
ever, is the professed belief of some
of them. Most of those at Friday's
meeting at the Imperial hotel in Port
hind, when the damage suit was author
ized, have gone home, snys the Oregon-
Ahead a Year
l.nnk hack iust one month and
recall how your money went.
Was every cent wisely spent ? Would
tUa lirrla frampnt nf fortune, tossed
after trifles, total a dollar, or two, or five?
Which would you rather have now, the
trifles you bought, or the coin you paid
Now look ahead a year: Will your present
habits cause a repetition of last month's
spending, until the year is gone?
Today's history is part of your life his
tory. What fortune are you building? To
what extent is a bank account shaping your
UNITED STATES NATIONAL "BANK
Member Federal Reserve Bank
DOESN'T LIKE THE GOVERNOR
(Daily Astorian. Rep.)
Tllrt nmupnt nri.rin Qrmnlil.la iu rlii-Act.
ly in line with everything else Gover
nor Withycombe has had anything to
do with. There is no, use getting ex-
citlil filinilt it nr trvinir in fvina it
and it needs no investigation as to
cause the cause is Dr. Withycombe. In
every commission on which Governor
Withycombe sits, or has the power to
appoint, strife anil inefficiency have
predominated. Lven the important high-
U'flV pom mi AMinti Ima m.fr nwrmin,l tlia
stnin of his nppointment-for-f riendship
policy. He has turned the state depart
ments into pork-barrel grab-boxes and
the orison squabble reekinir with
lini'dri mill POIIIltop ltllirri, in niarnlr
the nrp-ordnineil result nf tlin lilnnil
Withycombe administration, that's all.
CANADIAN THISTLE SPREADS
That the dreaded Canadian thistle is
getting a start in Benton anil nearlv ev
ery other countv in tha Willamette val
ley is the report of road supervisors.
The counties are realizing that forcible
measures must he taken to rul the turnis
of the dangerous pest before it spreads
and gets beyond control. The Oregon
lnws are very stringent and impose
heavy penalties on the owners of land
who do not exterminate the thistle. A
snlesmnn of farm machinery who trav
els over nearly all of western Oregon
stated that in the western part of
Clackamus and Marion counties the
thistle is getting a firm foothold. Hub
LITTLE TALKS ON THRIFT
By S. W. STRAUS
frtsidtnt American Sacilty fir Thrift
1 1 m e," r e -
I fc. a! niaritcu u hi-
fj d us trio us
tAy a man "never
lose time." It
form the hab
it of keeping
of what they
do every min
ute of every
amazed at the
time they waste. It would be a
good idea, merely as an enlight
ening experiment if for no other
reason, to provide oneself a time
account book, and exactly as one
keeps track of each penny he
spends, (and-finds how many pen
nies he wastes) keep tab on each
minute and discover now many val
uable hours he wastes.
I venture the opinion that there
would be many an astonished in
dividual who has been known to
say with too much frequency, "I
haven't time." If he has any am
bition, a contemplation of these
wasted minutes and hours in which
he could have accomplished so
much, would serve to awaken it.
For each hour that is wasted just
that much money Is wasted also,
for time is money any way you
look at it.
Children should be taught to
earn money in the hours in which
they are not in school. A change
of occupation is what they need in
stead of too much play. The
pleasures of childhood are ephem
eral but the lessons of thrift
learned are of lasting benefit.
Delaware boys and girls recently
gave an exhibit and related hour
they had made a success of plots of
ground by following the teachings
of the extension department of the
Department of Agriculture. A
young man named Hartson Black
stone of Durham, Me., said that ho
made $145 on one and a half acrej
on which he had cultivated a crop
of potatoes. On an acre of beets
Crystal Waddell of Mapleton, Me,
made $41. It is reliably stated that
209.0(10 boys and girls joined tha
gardening and canning clubs last
Says an authority on economics;
"A man who saves a dollar is a
benefactor; one who teaches an
other to save a dollar is a public
benefactor and should be knighted
by the state. A dollar invested
takes root Instantly, it is not
parched or burned by droughts; nor
killed by frost or sleet. It cannot
be injured by heat or cold, by
famine or pestilence, by fire or
flood. It will not be lost by a hole
in the pocket, nor. borrowed by
some pestilental friend or boon
companion. It is beyond the
reach of earthquake or lightning,
accident, rfneak-thief, thug or mur
For Infants and Children
In Use For Over 30 Years
SNEERING WILL i
Whenever a prominent republican
comes forth for Wilson, as Jerry Rusk,
William Ilanley, Emmett Calahan and
others have done the Oregonian sneers
and attempts to ascribe a false motive
to the move: but if all republicans who
support Wilson are to be sneered at
tho Oregonian will need a barrel full.
New York, Aug. 2S. Added evi
dence that tho infantile paralysis
epidemic in New York is being gottea.
under control was presented in today's
reports to the health department.
Only 43 new cases and 21 deaths
were reported today, the sharpest da
dine since the epidemic started to
Hfa yv n
Mildred had not turned on the lights,
as in the dark she could leave the
shinies up and so natch for her husband;
without being seeu, even oy him.
Recently it had angered him to find her!
sitting up when he was late; and she in
tended to run to her room the moment .
she heard his step. -
Two o'clock struck, then three. Phei
counted the strokes aloud, and became
frightened, sitting there alone m the
dark. iShe had always kept Maudy with'
her when Clifford was out, so now,,'
when the loneliness became intolerable,
she started to go to her.
The Terror of the btllniess.
She stood up with trembling limbs,
and clutched the back of the eha.ir to
steady herself. She fancied she heard
peculiar noises. She imagined someone
was in the room; she was sure she heard
someone breathing close to her. In a
sudden, unreasoning access of terror,
she rushed into a small closet a smoth
ered scream the evidence of her fright.
When sh hod turned the key her ex
hausted nerves gave way, and, crouch
ing on the floor, she cried as she had
never cried before; at times in her ter
ror screaming aloud: at other times
sobbing in a broken hearted war that
was more pitiful than her screams.
No one heard. Katie's room was in
the upper part of the htmse, and the I
faithful maid slept soundly after her
hard day's work. Even Mandy, whoi
slept on the next floor, worn out with'
me misery in ner back, was asleep,
and heard uotliiug.
Clifford Hammond let himself in with
his latch key. his eyes glassy, his hands
He stumbled over a rug in the hall,
knocked against the hall-rack, making
He heard the scream, then the wild
sobbiug that followed; but for a few
moments could not locate it. He fumb
led in his pockets for a match, lighted
a gas jet, then, as he passed the closet
door, he knew wthat the sounds came
He tried the door and found it was
locked on the inside. He pounded ang
rily upon it, at the same time calling.
" Unlock that door and come out of
Mildred heard, but for some mo
ments did not realize that it was her
husband: and only screamed the more
loudly. Finally, when she did recognize
the angry voice, a new fear possessed
her the fear of his displeasure, of his
"Cnlock that door, I tell fou, and
come out!" he repeated.
Turning the key with fingers that
trembled so she could scareelv use them,
she almost fell as Clifford violently
jerisea me door opea. .
He grabbed her by the arm and pulled
her roughly from the closet, saying, as
he did so:
"At it again, you little fool, are yout
What were you doing in that dark holel
You are nothing but a blubbering cry
With a long, shuddering moan Mil
dred fell at her husband's feet. She
A long moment he stood looking at
the crumped little form. then, liftinir
her up, none too gently, he called
"Come down here, you lazy fool, and
take care of your mistress! " then
stumbled off to bed.
Mandy, who had been awakened by
the commotion, was already part way
down the stairs when he called. Gath
ering the slight form in her ayns, she
carried her to her room and worked over
her until she fell asleep.
Forty-eight hours later, after both
lives had been despaired of, Mildred'
baby girl was born.
(Tomorrow Clifford Becomes More Indifferent.)