Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, August 23, 1916, Image 1

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e.Hi-ii i un i 1 1 l iv t --1 -r t- in ri iiiii rn nniiii
of Nf- iy Every
Belligerent ing Part
in Balkf 'ight
Fighting Stirs Rumania
Fierce Fighting But No
Change In West
London, Aug. 23. A great battle of
nations with the troops of nearly every
European belligerent involved, is grad
ually developing in the Balkans as the
fighting along the 150 mile front in
creases in fury.
Turkey is sending reinforcements in
to Bulgaria, according to an Athens
dispatch today. At least one division
of Turkish soldiers is en route to join
the Bulgars in the attack on the allied
lines, while another division will be -so
placed as to threaten Rumania should
that country decide to enter the war
on the side of the allies.
Austria will be asked to send a 'few
detachments to tho Greek border to
join the Bulgars, Germans and Turks in
resisting the combined attacks of
French, English, Russians, Italians, Ser
bians and Montenegrins. In no en
gagement of modern history have the
armies of so many nations been in clash
along one battle front.
Forced to yield advanced Dositions
under the first Bulgarian attack, the al
lies have reinforced their lines and are
strongly on the offensive in the Varda
valley, northwest of Salonika. On the
wings, the Bulgars have made further
alight advances by reason of their num
erical superiority but Anglo-French ar
tillery and the stubborn resistance of
the herbs has considerably checked the
monjentum of the advancing enemy
All press " dispatches from Rumania
bear evidence -of close censorship, but
'Prom a direct source it was reDorted
t fighting? in the Bnlknns has mimed
a profound impression in Bucharest.
But despite war like reports brought
to London in a-round-about wav, many
persons well informed on the' Balkan
situation do not believe that Rumania
will enter the war at least uutil the
allies have advanced tip the Vardar val
ley and have scored decisive gains
against the Bulgarians. It has been
known here for several weeks that the
Third Rumanian army was mobilized
and in readiness for instant service
but there has beeu no other positive evi
dence of military movements to war
rant the belief that Rumania is about
to declare war.
Armenian-Italians In It.
By John H. Hearley.
(United Press staff correspondent.)
With the Italian Army at Goritz.
01 Q.. I 41 i i. .. '
Armenians were in the army that enter'1
ted Gorit and are now storming i the
Aliatrion A a Fart a nr. .n,.4.1. 1 a. n i .
ml qot A th
' Cpon entering Goritz I met several
Itnlian-Armeninns,' including Luciano
Abbate and Pisani Gennaro, former
New York street car men. now rapid
fire gunners with an atmored auto
squadron. Both were eager for news of
America. ,
King Victor Emmanuel is constantly
at the front encouraging his troops, re-
gnrdloas of all personal ri.k. He was
in Goritz when the city was heavilv
bombnr.led by the Austrians from Mont
(Continued on Pare Peres.)
Advertisin' is th' life o' competition.
I.afe Bud, who is on his vacation, re
ceived a sourvenir pustal card from his
bos t 'day savin', "I wih you wuz
captured' "fort cTy " Man? of hem : Jf '"t.
were killed n -n ' tnemthe "continent" from it
Now York, Aug. 23 The bald
headed man came into his own
here today. He gave his broth
ers with heavily thatched roofs
the laugh. Just as wig makers
ettled their troubles with the
human hair workers, who
charged inhuman treatment, thus
assuring a. continued supply
of wigs and toupees, six thou
sand barbers walked out.
Secretary Lane, John R. Mott
and Judge George Gray
to Act
Washington, Aug. 23 Meetings of
the joint United States-Mexican com
mission t0 adjust border and other dif
ferences will begin as soon as the Mex
ican members can reach the United
States, it was indicated at state de
partment today. Interior Secretary
Lane, Judge George Gray and John R.
Mott, named for the commission last
night, will be ready to take up their
duties immediately, it is said.
Secretary Landing was to confer
with Mexican Ambassador Arredondo
today to fix the time and place of
meeting. A Jersey coast summer resort
probably will be' selected.
Tho question of-withdrawal of the
American expedition from Mexico will
bo quickly disposed of, it is believed,!
m view or uenerai i'unston's opinion
that withdrawal will not endanger the
safety of the American border.
Ensi Green's Report Hay
Reopen Tiresome Cook
Peary Controversy
. Washington, Aug. 23. Upon the re
port of a youngster of 23 on ensign in
the United States navy may depend
a reopening of the entire-Cook-Peary
North Pole controversy.
Ensign Fitzhugh Green, "who repre
sented the government on the Crocker
land expedition has reported to the
navy department his return to Copen
hagen but he makes no mention of hav
ing seen Crockerland which Peary
claimed to have discovered during his
final dash for the pole.
According to Peary he saw the new
continent from northeast Greenland.
Friends of Dr. Copk have disputed the
existence of this new continent along
with the other claims of Peary.
Congressman Helgesen, of North Da
kota, has endeavored to have the gov
ernment investigate i'earv's c In ms
"nd.coi"73','t with the indicntions.thnt
" ed to locate Crdcker-
" '"' 1 "'r"ca mar tne govern-
ce has removed
its charts.
Green is a native of Missouri, a
graduate of Annapolis and' regarded ns
one of the most promising scientists of
tho navy.
From a mere boy he had dreamed
dreams of being an Arctic explorer and
when tho American Museum of Natural
History and the American Geographical
society and tho University of Illinois
organized an expedition headed by Pro
tessor l. B. MacMillan, Dr.- Lincoln
Ellsworth and Dr. W. E. Ekblaw in 1912
to hunt for Crockerland, the Young nav
al officer made application to be as
signed by the navy department as the
government's representative in the par-
In his letter of application Green
wrote to Secretary Daniels:
"I have been preparing for such
work for the past 15 years and am thor
oughly familiar with the details of every-Arctic
Medford, Ore., Aug. 23. Four men
were hurled "from the second floor of
St. Mary's academy today when a scaf
folding broke while they" were painting
the walls. L. O. (iiluin'was injured in
ternally. The others were less seriously
New York, Aug. 23. Fewer
bafries have died in New York
City this year than in preceding
years despite the infantile pa
ralysis epidemic which claimed
more thnn l.iioo babies.
Health authorities said today
that the decrease undoubtedly
was due to the fact that mothers
took better care of their chil
dren and kept their homes clean
er, fearing paralysis attacks.
i A M rm mm I
WfclllS I W II I Mill I
Say They Are Fighting at the
Last Barrier Against Labor
One Official Said "We Do Not
Want to Buck Up Against
the President
By Robert J. Bender.
(United Press staff correspondent.)
Washington, Aug. 23. The three cor
nered effort under way here to avert I
nation-wide railroad strike appeared
this afternoon to have run into a jam.
Leaders among the railroad presi
dents said they could not see how any
conclusions could be reached in less
than 48 hours. At the same time, in
unother part of tho city, leaders of the
railroad brotherhood representatives
were planning ways of holding in check
an uprising on the part of the broth
erhood representatives. An unanimous
strike demand might come then, they
President Wilson in a conference with
Chairman Ncwlnnds and Adamson of
the senate and house interstate com
merce committees, urged the taking of a
step that obviously contemplated final
agreement by the railway presidents
mm uis )iuu. mis was tne passage oy
the senate o'f the bill already passed by
the house to increase the interstate com
merce commission from seven to nine
The increase will )e necessary to pro
vide rapid hearings on the raJlrnnda rer-
tain demand for rate increases following
uuj agreement to tne eight nour day de
mand by the brotherhoods and the
lhe railroad presidents, for the!
part, are working now to find a way to
accept the eight day and nt the same
time "preserve the principle of arbi-'
trntinn " fnl ttio Lit..
Fighting to the last ntrninst nhandnn
ing what they term the "final harrier
against labor aggression" they have
asitea President Wilson forsomo con
crete proposition for avoiding recurring
iuuur uiLierences.
Apparently convinced that settlement
now must be worked out on the presi
dent 'g fundamental proposition the
roads are trying to "save as much as
possible from the wreckage" They
want protection against further strikes
ana some assurances of increased rev
enue to meet the added exnenae which
they claim attend acceptance of the
eight hour day.
Magnates Are Uneasy.
iiusniugion, Aug. z.i. Marked evi
dence of uneasiness bepnn to appear to
day amoug the fiO railway presidents
Kumeri'u ncre. i ney nnve no solution
for the situation President Wilson call
ed them here to help solve. Thov are
divided among themselves and unable
tne-ettec taoaoinoin un un un uminuu
to agree on a proposal that miirht soften
the effect of the president's plan for
averting a national railroad strike. Still
holding out against acceptance of the
eight hour day, they do not exhibit the
oelligerence or defiance that was no
table when President Wilson first an
nounced this scheme for scttlintr the
Some even are talking among them
selves of agreeing to the eight hour
duy and letting the consequences take
cars of themselves. "Let the result be
on the president's head," they say.
These, however, include few of the
presidents of , tho bigger railway sys
tems. Tho latter are working ns hard as
they ever worked ill their lives, to avoid
making the concession. They toiled
late into the tropical night last night
and were at it again in tho hot haze of
early morning today.
The object of their efforts is a tang
ible counter proposition that will em
body something of th president's pur
pose and the brotherhoods demands and
yet save the situation for the rnilroads.
They face the fact that, failing to find
such a counter proposition, they can ex
pect only strong insistence from the
White House that they accede fully to
the president's own pian.
Puts Country Above His Railroad.
Lute last night Hale Holdcn, of the
Burlington, It. S. Lovett, of the Union
Pacific, and Daniel Willard, of the B. &
)., saw President Wilson for an hour.
I Willard alone of the three, has been in-
cunea tne past two days to accept the
president's proposition! He has been
aligned to some extent with the rail-
roads of the southeastern states includ-
ing the Southern in this respect.
Unless headway is made today, there
are indications that some of the rail-
roads may act Independently in accept-
ing or rejecting the president 's proposal,
Against precipitous action of this na-
ture every effort was being made late
yemeruay anu last nignr. It was point-
Berlin, AMg. 23 Berlin is still
'without news of the German
commerce submarine Deutucn
land which sailed from Balti
more August t. Alfred Lehman,
director of the company owning
the Deutaculaad told the Bre
men correspondent of the Tage
falatt today that -he hoped the
Deutschland would arrive soon.
- The - Deutschland made the'
trip from Germany to Baltimore
in 16 days and is therefore now
five days, behind her schedule.
German Official Tells of
Means Used to Influence
Rumanian Officials
Berlin, Aug. 23. Beautiful women
and huge suras of money are being used
by the allies in the great diplomatic
battle being waged at Bucharest, the
allies seeking to bring Rumania into
the war. I
A distinguishes German diplomat,
whose name was, not revealed, made
this charge throned the nemi-officinl
German news agency today. But
despite the allies)' effortB. Rumania is
yet undecided, he said, adding:
ttumania hasbeen the aphynx and
is still now shrouded with a mysterious
veil behind which the political passion
and agitations, not only of the Ruman
ians, but of the allied agents, are at
the highest pitchi"
"The allies' agitation reached its
height at the beginning of the last
Russian offensive," said the diplomat.
" At the same time the allies announced
a Balkan offensive by General Sarrail,
which was undertaken purely for
political purposes. The central powers,
in their official 'reports, stiematized
Sarrail 's operations as "feigned." Now
a sudden Bulgari&Vi. offensive had put a
quick end to the allies' activities. The
Russian offensive is apparently Black
''At present Rumania is still unde
cided: She probably will not give up
her well calculated, clever neutrality
wnicn nas prougnt ner an enormous
gain in power, unless she thinks that a
really decisive turn has been reached
in the war. Meanwhile trade relations
between Rumania and the central
powers continue small."
R. H. E.
Chicago 4 3 2
New York 5 9 3
Russell and Lapp: Mogridge, Fisher
and Walters.
First game: R. II. E.
St. Louis S '7 2
Washington 4 12 3
Knob, Davenport and Severoid: Shaw
and Henry, Ainsworth, Ghnrrity. (10 in
nings.) '
' R. H. E.
Detroit ....10 14 1
Philadelphia 8 8 3
Cunningham and Spencer: Williams.
Shcchnn and l'ichnich.
R. II. E.
Cleveland 3 9 1
Boston 7 11 1
Boehling, Covnleski. Klepfer and
O'Neil; Leonard, Ruth and Cnrrignn.
R. II. E
Brooklyn (1 13 4
Chicago 7 10 1
Dell, Cheney and Meyers: Lavender.
Packard and Elliott.
R. H. E.
'hiladclphta 1 fi g
'ittsburg 2 9 2
Kixey, hfans. Burns and K fer:
Kantuehner and Schmidt, fill limine.)
No others scheduled.
Chicago Grain Market
Shows Higher Prices
Chicago, Aug. 23. Wheat nrlces
rallied today after an easy oneninir.
Lower cables and loral selling caused
a decline at the start, but the market
gained a good buying and soon recov
ered its loss. September wheat was up
quarter at 1.4 3-4; December up half
at (1.53 1-2 and May unchanged at
1.!)6 1-2.
IteDOTts from abroad indicating a
demand for corn, promptcif fractional
gains in the grain today. Slow trading
at the opening Iwas responsible Tor
declines. September was up above the
opening 3-8 at 8." 5-H; December up
3 8 at 74V, and May up 1-4 at 77 3-4.
I.a Grande, Ore., Aug. 23. Mrs. Rosa
Ann Von Blocklnnd, aged 70, in honey
mooning today. It is her fourth honey
moon. William Girder, aged 50, is the
ucky man,
Brennan Attacks Delegate
Callahan for Making This
Intimation That Federation Is
Partisan Is Resented Its
Name Changed
New York, Aug. 23. Because of the
heat, an effort was being made today
to wind up the business of the fifteenth
annual convention of the National Fed
eration of Catholic Societies by tonight
instead of holding sessions Thursday as
originally planned.
A -clash between Colonel Patrick Hen
ry Callahan, of -Louisville, Ky., chair
man of the religious prejudice commit
tee of the Knights of Columbus, and
Joseph Brennan, of Boston, occurred
during the morning session.
Callahan had praised the non-Catholics
of the country for their tolerance.
After the chair had refused Brennan
permission to reply and he gained the
floor by voto of the federation, he
characterized Callahan's remarks as
"silly," "ridiculous" and as "spread
ing soft soap."
"It is the height of ridiculousness to
describe the road as smooth, when it is
rough,' he snid. "It is nonsense to
talk ornoti-Catholics allowing Catholics
to do this or that. Catholics are Amer
ican citizens and have the same rights
as others." . .- - . . ...
"One purpose of this convention."
Callahan said, "is to., disillusion th
minds of non-Catholics of the belief
that Catholics look only through the
eyes of the capitalists. It is very evi
dent that there is no Catholic unanim
ity. I picked up a newspaper today
which showed that Catholics voted three
different ways on the Mexican ques
tion." Joseph Brennan. of Boston, who made
the attack upon Colonel Callahan, was
tne oniy omcer who failed of re-elec
tion. The rest of the board of officers,
headed by John Whalen, of New York,
as president, were re-elected. Members
of the nominating committee claimed
failure to re-elect Brennan had nothinir
to do with his speech on the floor of the
convention this morning but it was sim
ply he was no longer an officer of the
organization in Boston and therefore
not entitled to reelection as a vice-
lhe convention voted to chance the
name of the organization to the Catho
lic Federation of the United Statos and
to organize under the Boston plan, with
the diocese as the unit or organization
rather than the state or county. This
plan will first be submitted to the bish
ops of the United States for their ap
proval. VigoroiiB resentment over the intimn.
tions that the federntio n is rmrtisfiii dsi
displayed today by both laymen nnd
members of tho clergy.
"We wnnt no Catholic party," the
words of Bishop Hickcy, of Rochester,
were repeated frequently today by the
Should Vote as Unit.
New York. Antf. 23. Callmlic vlnr
throughout the United States were
urged at a mass meetinir of the Rnmnn
Catholic Central Vcrein here Inst night
to unite and cast their influences at the
polls "where it will subservo' tho high
and holy principles" for which Cath
olics stand. James F, Zipf, president of
tho Gonzaga Union, of St. Louis, who
made the appeal, declared thero were at
least 3,00(1,000 Catholic voters in the
country "nuite a force." h ani.l itnr
bringing iibout of proper conditions."
mat," Mr. y.ipT added, "is almost
ns many as the republican party polled
nt the lust general election. That very
number places in our hands a power to
be used in works of social, civic better
ment, in works of mercy and of pence.
When the Catholic arm is uplifted let it
be for construction always, but never
for destruction."
Mr. Zipf asserted he was not n.
tending for a religious pnrty, but for
on organizutiou f Catholics to bring
Into public life a spirit of liberty and
tolerunce. "We must be so organized,"
he declared, "and under suchMeader
ship that upon occasions we speak for
cibly as one man and say to the block
hand of religious intolerance, hypocrisy
nnd hatred, "thou shalt not enter here;
no far shall thou go and no further."
Resolutions calling upon the United
States government to force the de facto
government of Mexico to guarantee re
ligious liberty and protect Americans
were passed by the German Roman
Catholic church Vcrein this afternoon.
The resolutions were telegraphed to
Secretary of State Lansing. The resolu
tion follows:
"We as Americans call upon our gov
ernment to hold the do facto govern
ment of Mexico to the strictest observ-
HOGS $11.30
Washington, Aug. 23. Hogs
are now selling at $11.30 a hun
dred pounds because last year's
corn crop was "soft," the Uni
ted States department of ugn-.'
culture announced today. ;;
The corn being soft, it was
explained, it could not be kept
for feed and was immediately
disposed of. This produced a
Some Are for Strike at Once
, But Leaders Hold Them
in Check
Washington, Aug. 23. Strike talk
broke out again amonor the nii.j
brotherhood men here today. Thomas
Donovan, tho Boston and Aib,.v
chairman, proposed at the morning ses
sion that the brotherhood chairmen re
turn to tneir homes, leaving the four
ucnus nere to arrange a strike.
inis errort. however, was rnhn,i
For a time it appeaed as thouoh the
sentiment for quick action might not
1. .Lh.l.j m
. mere were many speeches.
Brotherhood heads, seeinir the treml
of the sossion, came to the fore and
spoKe against such a draBtic course.
n:Mn.. l i-
lua.iY, mruuKn parliamentary . man
euvering, Donovan's plan was killed
wiwiouc oeing made into a formal mo
tion or coming to any vote.
The strike threat was so strong that
it was plainly indicated afterward the
leaders might not be able to check
the men more than 48 hours loncer.
One brotherhood leader said they could
no wept in line that long, but that the
lid might blow off thereafter.
Leaders counselled patience believ
ing matters' will come to a head in the
next 21 to 48 hours.
Oregon Not So ' Hard H
Thanks to Car Shortage
and Curtailed Markets .
Chicago, Aug. 23. The high cost ef
living nas soared again and a compari
son of prices of foodstuffs todav with
those of a year ago shows that there
ias been an increase of 25 per cent.
With hogs selling at the highest
price n.,)u a nunurcd pounds Bince
ISOS and predictions by provision men
that it will go to $12 next month, thore
was a general increaso in other living
necessities which will cost Mr. Average
Man a quarter more un each dollar he
I'ork prices were up today consider
ably. Pork, used in hiked beans, was
quoted at cents s pound, an increase
of five cents. I'ork chops were up to
24 cents a pound, 25 per cent over a
year ago's price. Boiled ham sold for
;t(l cents, an advance of Bix cents.
Beans, sold at five cents a pound
one year ago, cost eleven cents today,
(.'aimed bilked beans have increased
from 10 to 15 cents a pound.
Loop prices which are 25 per cent
under neighboring prices, have jumped
on peas, lettuce, potatoes and string
beans. Milk now sells for nine cents
a quart.
Flour continues to gain. It is now
selling for 8 3-4 cents a pound as com
pared with seven cents a year ago.
The wholesale price of flour today was
H.IH) and Inst year it wub As
yet there has been no increase in bread
prices hero.
Portland, Ore., Aug. 23. Shirtsleeves
were popular in Portland today when
tho mercury begun hitting the high
spots with even more zest than yester
day. . The quicksilver's "furthest
north" so for is H2 degrees.
ance of its guarantee of religious liber
ty and accountable for the violations
Oregon: Fair
tonight, Thurs
day and Friday,
continued warm;
north easterly
Will -Speak In Mormon Taber
nacle at Salt Lake City
Made 22 Speeches In Trip
Through San Joaquin
New York, Aug. 23. The de-'
mand for seats at the Hughes
meeting at Salt Lake City,..
Utah, has been so great that the
local committee abandoned their,
plans to have Hughes speak in
a hall and have engaged the big
Mormon tabernacle, Republican -National
Chairman Willcox said,
this afternoon.
Candidate Reaches Reno.
Reno, Nov., Aug. 23. Charles Evans
Hughes campaigned today in the first
democratic Btate he has encountered
since ho left Bridgehampton. N. Y,
three weeks ago to begin his long;
"swing around the circle,"' He started
his invasion with an assault on the dem
ocratic tariff and foreign policies hese
today, adding also a defense of his own
labor record. Big crowd of Nevadiaosj
greeted the republican presidential nom- -inee
everywhere. ,
.. Today, however, Hughes' started an
active rebellion. NeVer agaia will ha
permit" local or Btate committees to put
him through such a course of strenuoa
ity in campaigning as that which he un
derwent yesterday. The republican can
didate admitted that he is very nearly
tired out. Those with whom he, talked
before his train reached here said he .
told them that the spirit was willing bat
that no human being could stand .many
more days of the sort he has been un
dergoing during. the past week. The
gladdest man in the United States will
be Charles Evans Hughes when August
27 rolls around and he and Mrs. Hughes
can settle down for three days rest at
Kstes Park, Colo. ' There the governor
expects to sleep and eat and get out
in the air all he can. , v
His weariness was plainly discernible
today in a husky voice that did queer
tricks of inflection when he sought to
press it to renewed effort but, never
theless, he had an indomitable enthus
iasm that revived him when he faced an
Is About Worn Out
Two or threo times, duriug the past
few days Hughes hasn't been able, be
cause of pressure of demands made upon
him by local and state arrangements
committees, to get his dinner before late
Bt night. He was scheduled yesterday .
to make 14 speeches, but at least eight
were added at the lust moment. The
nominee has ruled that he will not dis
uppoint a crowd when they besiege hie
private car and this very willingness
led the local committees to impose on
Hughes apparently tulks with great
fucility but it is a facility which he
has acquired only throuuh a lono- nerio.l
of concentration and preparation. Col
onel Roosevelt, whose trans-continental
trip of four yeors ago is really sur
passed in strenuosity by Hughes', has s
raciilty for quick concentration and lit
tle preparation, but Hughes' service ou
the bench ami the painstaking legal
mind with which ho is eauirmcd. forca
him to study long anil arduously in map
ping out ull of hia talks even the small
est ones.
His present trin. therefore. In even
harder on the candidate than his sched
ule indicates, because so little time is
granted him for preparation.
tiovernor Hughes addressed 4.000 ner-
sniis in Hncrnmciito last night at a meet
ing which was declared by the repub
lican state loaders to be non partisan.
i-nunr legislation aim a federal work
man 's compensation law were discucced
nt considerable length by him. Ho de
clared strongly for preparedness and at-
tncKeu tne administration s course in
Reverting to his labor record, he read
an extract from an editorial that ap-
l'(.-ri-ti in me --rgan or urganixea La
bor in New York," in October, 1910, in.
which he was referred to as "the great
est friend of labor that has ever oc
cupied the governor's chair at Al
Eureka, On!., Aug. 23. The heaviest
earthquake shuck since 1906 was felt in
this city this morning. The temblor was
also reported from different sections of
northern Humboldt county, but not re
corded at Petrolia, 80 miles south of
The quuke caused no damage here.
(Continued on Pa Twj.)