Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, August 16, 1916, Image 1

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    flTk
FULL LEASED
WIRE DISPATCHES
CIRCULATION IS
OVER 4000 DAILY
THIRTY-NINTH YEAR NO. 168
SALEM, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 16, 1916
PRICE TWO CENTS
OK TRAINS AMD ITBWM
STANDS FIVB OFWT
6QQ TRAINMEN TO
HEAR PRESIDENT
EArjf:TBiRlW
Agree V; to Try Out Sag
ge b' 5 for Six Months
ij Be Reached
MANAGERS WILL AGREE '
I TO AN EIGHT HOUR DAY
'Mo Further Action Will Be
Taken Until President
Is Heard
TO SUBMIT PROPOSITION
Washington, Aug. 10. Presi
dent Wilson will put a concrete
proposition before the t00 men
of the railway employes general
committee, when he meets them
tomorrow in the East room of
the White House. This was an
nounced by W. L. Chambers of
the United States Board of Me
diation and Conciliation. The
session tomorrow will begin at 3
o'clock he said.
By Robert J. Bender.
(1'nited Press Btaff correspondent.)
New York, Aug. 10. The problem of
averting a railroad Btrike that would
paralyze the traffic of the country still
rests with President Wilson.
The GOO district chairmen of the big
four brotherhoods representing the 400,
000 trainmen today, accepted the presi
dent's invitation to con'fer with him in
Washington tomorrow. No other de
cision was - reached at their meetiug
here, however, and the situation con
tinues deadlocked. The committee chair
men left fof Washington this after
noon with W. S. Carter, head of the
firemen's brotherhood, with their de
mands for an eight hohr day and time
and a half overtime unamended and
backed up by a vote to strike if they
are refused.
Carter regarded the situation as se
rious as at the oneninir of the negotia
tions', but said there was still "room foM
hope." He explained that only the
chairmen had the power to agree to a
compromise such as was suggested by
President Wilson with the railroads
granting the eight hour day for a time
under the present system of overtime.
For this reason the presence of the 600
chairmen is necessary in Washington.
Will Be Dramatic Scene. ..
Washington, Aug. 10. One of the
most dramatic incidents in the history
of American labor will be enacted to
morrow in the east room of the White
House. Six hundred railroad workers,
representing 400,000 of their Yellows,
will hear from President Wilson, his
reasons for believing they enn settle the
differences with their employers with
out using their threatened weapon pa
ralyzntion of transportation.
The men ore coming to hear the ap
peal the president has made to their
mib-eommittee. Word was conveved to
tho president nt 12:30 todnv that the
conference in New York between the
uni-guies iue general committee ana
s. Carter of the sub-committee had
resulted in nothing definite beyond
ngreement to hear -him. Arrangements
were made immediately at the White
House for the president to receive them
tomorrow.
With tlm nrrraemnnt lit- flm mnni,Ara frt
iicr-ept the basic principle of the eight
(ClnntiaueJ o ?age Tana.)
Th' June bride business wuz un
usually light this year, owin' t' th'
ixood times, we guess. What's become
' th' feller who used t' wear shoulder
braces f
Germany Did Not Want
Danish West Indies
Berlin, via wireless to Sayville, L. I.,
Aug. 16. Foreign Secretary Von Ja
gow today flatly denied that Germany
ever had any designs on the Danish
West Indies, in commenting on English
reports that it was feared that Ger
many would buy the islands as the first
step in an assault on the Monroe doc
trine that inspired the United States
to negotiate for their purchase.
"I only know of these reports
through the newspapers," said the for
eign secretary, "but of one thing I
am absolutely certain, that is tliat Ger
many is antagonistic to nobody and has
no intention of disturbing the sovereign
rights of any power in that part of the
world."
LONGSHOREMEN SAY
BE
Says Men Are Embittered
Over Action of Employers
Who Stand Pat -
Seattle, Wash., Aug. 10. J. A. Mad
sen, district secretary-treasurer of the
International Longshoremen's associa
tion, predicted todnv a lone strueirle be
fore the waterfront strike on the Pa
cific coast eould be terminated, follow
ing the refusal of the employers here
yesterday to meet the conciliation com
mittee of organized labor,
Madsen said the jongslioremen had
become embittered over the action of
the employers, though a refusal had
been expected, and were more thnn ever
determined to adhere to their original
demands for better wages and working
conditions.
"I believe the action of the employ
ers," he added, "will have a beneficial
effect both on the public and our as
sociation. The public now has an op
portunity of seeing the employers as we
have -seen them all along, and under
stood them."
it
Had Sued for Divorce Naming
Her Victim As "Woman
In the Case"
Mnrysville, Mo., Aug.. 10 In a crowd
ed depot here, Mrs. O. A. Gilmore shot
and killed Mrs. Ella Shipps as the lat
ter, accompanied by her daughter, was
about to board a train for Kansas City.
The sinyer had sued for divorce, naming
the other woman. Mrs. Gilmore sur
rendered to the sheriff.
Mrs. Shipps had just stepped to the
baggage window to check her trunk
when Mrs. Gilmore pushed her way to
ward the woman and fire.d four shots.
Two struck Mm. Shipps in the back and
two in her left side as she 'fell. Then
Mrs. Gilmore handed her smoking revol
ver to an Acquaintance and asked him to
take her to the sheriff office.
Mrs. Gilmore, aged 45 years, sued for
divorce last March, charging infidelity
and naming Mrs. Shipps, divorcee, who
had been renting one of the Gihnore
houses. The Gilmores had been mar-
riP(j 2S years,
Thirty Mile Horseshoe of
Heavy Guns Rain Death on
German Trenches atSomme
By Henry Wood.
(I'nited Press staff correspondent.)
With the French Armies on the Soni-
me, Aug. 10. A thirty mile horse shoe
of solid artillery fire, one of the most
terrific shell blastings in the history of
thcrorld is drawing a mile of flame
along the Somme bnttlefront.
The artillery reached its greatest in
tensity as I arrived at the highest noint
on Dompierre plateau southwest of Pe-
ronne. The dar before the French had
captured German third Use positions
from Hardecourt to Buseourt. At the
precise moment of my arrival the
French were employing all their great
artillery strength to umiwt their no. I
ly acquired positions. The Germans
were shelling even more desperately in
an effort to dislodge the French and
launch counter attacks.
The stupendousues so? this great nr-
tillery struggle was indescribable. The
curving line of fire extended from the
French positions before Clery, north of
the Somme to St. Quentin, thence south
to the region of Peronne and southwest
to Barleux, Entrees and Soyeeourt.
fhellii of all calibres, both shrapnel and
high explosives, burst at every instant
I at every point along the entire front
with a rapidity which defied counting.
For one lone interval, by a seemingly
. miraculous intervention, I was able to
count off IS seconds when not a single
IS
BY
Soldiers Gathered Near Line
' to Hear Regimental Band
' Get Surprise
STAR SPANGLED BANNER
BRINGS THEM TO FEET
America and Dixie Follow
Best of Feeling Exists
Between Armies
Headquarters Oregon National Guard
Calexico, (Uaa., Aug. 10. No matter
how enervating anil fierce tho desert
sun gets here, it lias failed utterly to
wilt .ne guardsmen's enthusiasm. They
talked today of n similar demonstra
tion on the part of a hundred ormore
northwestern guardsmen who lounged
under shade tres within a few feet of
I the international lino listening to the
iwenrv I'inii regiment Mexican band.
Within speaking distance lounged a
number of General Cnntu's Mexican
troopers. A remarkable spirit of cor
diality exists between Mexican and
American soldiers here.
From the baud in the "plaza of the
heroes of Chapultepec," the Mexican
park, strains of favorite Spanish op
eras rolled across the line to the Amer
ican listeners. Despite the stifling
heat, Oregon and Washington men re
sponded generously. They used their
best newly acquired Spanish to shout
compliments, to which Cantu'a troopers-replied
in Mexicnnlzed English.
These amicable exchanges were at
their height when line xpectedly the
Mexican baud blared out an air that
fairly threw the Americans to their
t'eet. Heels flicked, khaki clad forms
straightened up, and hands went to
salute and remained there.
The Mexicans were playing "The
Star Spangled Banner. .
The cheers that followed from the
north side of the line brought encores
of "America" and "Dixie" and all
the while hands remained at salute,
Nullifies Concessions
El Paso, Texas, Aug., 10. The de
facto government has delared null the
concessions held by Americans for a
projected railway between Salina Cruz
and Acnpulivo, 'Mexico, according to
Carranza officials nt Juarez. The rea
sons given were that conditions were
onerous, contained clauses prejudicial
to the de facto government, mid that
the contract was made with former
Dictator Hucrtn.
At the same time preparations are
being mnde to confiscate mining prop
erics held by Americans who do not pay
nil back taxes with an additional pen
alty of 25 per cent before September
1, under a pronouncement issued by
First Chief Carranza.
Critical Stage Passed t
San Diego, Cal., Aug. 10. That the
Mexican situation hns nnssed the
critical staee is indicated in orders re
ceived by a number of the vessels of
the I'nited States Pacific fleet now on
patrol duty in southern waters to return
(Continued on Pace Six.'
shell exploded. Immediately thereaft
er the fire was resumed with redoubled
intensity,
French Control Air.
Equally impressive as this 30 mile
uubroken semi-circle of artillery fire,
was the 39 mile horse shoe of French
observation sausage balloons overhang
ing at a great height the entire bat
tle front. Their wireless instruments
were directing the French fire.
At the same time innumerable French
aeroplanes darted in aid out among the
sausages, crossing and rerrossing the
German lines every minute. From time
to time as a daring aviator flew over
the German positions, half a dozen
white puffs would suddenly appear with
startling distinctiveness silhouetted
against the clear blue sky, showing
where the German anti-aircraft gunners
had sought to encircle the aeroplanes
with sharpncL
Yet despite this greatlictivlty of
France's air forces not a single German
aeroplane appeared either for the pur
pose of chasing back the French, at
tacking the French sausages or for
reconnoitcriug. Likewise not a single
German sausage was visible to offset
the unbroken 30 mile semi-circle of 20
French sausages which I was able to
count. Nothing could give a more vivid
(Continued on Pag Seres.)
MEXICAN
EE
IY
ON AM
ERICAN SIDE
SAN FRANCISCO TO
SEND DELEGATION
TO MARSHFIELD
San Francisco, Aug. 10 In
the first chamber of commerce
trade extension excursion out
of California more than 100 lo
cal business honses will be rep
resented on the trip to Marsh
field, Oregon. The excursion
leaves by train Saturday night
and after a stop at Eugene, the
trip to the Coos Bay metropo
lis will be made over tiie new
railroad. Coos Bay towns have
arranged extensive entertnin-.
ment for their gusts.
TSCHLAND ABOUT
DUE AT HOME PORT
Has Evidently Taken Round
about Course to Avoid
Her Enemies
Berlin, Aug. 10. The Germnn sub
marine Deutschland has not been heard
from since she cleared the Virginia
capes on the night of August 2. the
United Press learned from reliable
sources today.
Sixteen days were required for the
Deutschland to cross the Atlantic on
her trip to Baltimore. Part of that
time she spent iu dodging hostile war
ships. Actually she could have made
the voyage in much shorter time. The
fact that 14 days have elapsed and she
has not been hoard from indicated that
she has been compelled to take a round
about course on the return also, to avoid
British and French warships, if she has
lot met with a mishap. The Deutsch
land is equipped! with a high power
wireless apparatus, but probably would
not communicate with a German station
while in British waters, fearing detec
tion and pursuit. . ;
POSITIONS HELD FOR
AT
Postal Department Will Give
Men Old Jobs On Their
Return
Washington, Aug. 10. Positions of
aien employed in the postal service who
went to the border with the militia will
be given them on their return, according
to announcement at the postoffice de
partment toUay,
In denying a report that militiamen
were being dropped permanently from
tho rolls because of their absence due
to service on the border. Postmaster
General Burleson referred to an order
of June 20 last. This order specified
that "where it becomes necessary to
fill temporarily the position of anv of
ficer or other employe who is absent on
such military or naval duty, the officer
or employe, will it necessary be dropped
from the rolls without prejudice, and
will be reinstated to his former position
and grade in accordance with civil ser
vice rules and regulations."
The postmaster general said every
employe so dropped will be immediately
given back his former position upon ox-'
piratir.n or his military or navnl service,
without loss of rank or pay.
The order, it was emphasized, wns ap
proved by congress.
Steel Sells High and
Prices Rule Stronger
New York, Aug. 10. The New York
Evening Sun finnncial review today
says:
Announcement of the financing her,,
of a big British government loan, evi
dence of participation in the opera
tions -by substantial interests and
heavy buying of Cnted States Steel
were effective factors today in at
tracting active speculation for higher
prices in most departments of the
market.
Iu the greater number of issues op
ening prices were at small fractional
gains as compared with the closing of
the preceding day, notwithstanding the
disappointment in the street over the
continued deadlock in the Washington
railroad labor conference. Initial
trading was in good volume.
in. the early afternoon a substantial
proportion of the business was provid
ed by marine common, United States
Steel and Reading, the first named
making a newhigh and four points up
from Tuesday, while steel sold to a new
record for the venr when it erosed
1. Ths best price ever quoted for
this stock wss H4 7-8 in 190H.
Strength in steel, which always has
been a signal for rising prices in the
general market,' offset as a market in
fluence the disappointment over the
postponement for another day of
further-conferences on the railroad
labor situation and was effective In
creating decided bullishness in most
parts of the list as the session
progressed.
GERMANS CERTAIN
RUSSIAN ADVANCE
IS NEARLY ENDED
Admit Austrians Were Taken
by Surprise at Beginning
of Drive
NEW FORCES AT LEMBERG
WILL STOP SLAV ARMIES
General Brusiloff Captures
358,602 Prisoners Since
June Fourth
RESULT OF CAMPAIGN
Petrograd, Aug. 10. Russian
armies under General Brusiloff
from June 4 to August 13, cap
tured 358,602 Austro-German
prisoners and 405 cannon, it
was officially announced todav.
Other booty included 1,325
machine guns, 338 mine and
bomb throwers and 2112 powder
carts.
Advance la Steady
By Ed L. Keen
(I'nited Press staff correspondent)
London, Aug. 16. A stendv advance
by the Russians and an Italian victory
south of Goritz, were announced in of
ficial dispatches from allied capitals
louay, wnue an almost complete calm
settled over the Anglo-French battle
front.
Iu southeastern Galicia, the Russians
are forging westward and have cap
tured two villages besides other Aus
trian positions, the Kussiau war office
announced. Only in the north, where
stubborn Austro-German resistance
west of the Zlota Lipa river bus check
ed the czar's troops, is there any indi
cation of a slackening of the Kussiau
advances.
In ten weeks of General Bruailoff's
great offensive, the Russians have tak
en 358,002 prisoners and a great a
mount of booty, Petrograd announced.
The German war office countered
upon the Kussiau claim of further
gains with a statement that Russian at
tacks north of the Dniester were com
pletely repulsed iu yesterday's fight
ing. Delayed dispatches from the Aus
trian war office, covering Sunday's
fighting, make similar claims.
The Italian war office announced the
capture of Austriau trenches south nnd
cust of Goritz.
By Carl W. Acksrnua,
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Headquarters of Field Marshal Von
Hindenburg's Army, Aug. 10. "The
worrit of the Kussiau offensive is
over," one of the highest command
ing officers on the eastern front told
the United Press today after a tour of
iiiRriiiuii ui nit rtUBiru-iirriiiuu lines.
Completely hnltcd at the Stoehod
river in their efforts to retake Kovel,
the Russians, undaunted by this fail
ure, have shifted their attacks south
ward, always striking against the
Austrinns.
"Tlio temporary successes of Ihe
Russians in the southeast is desperate
strategy," said a German officer, be
cause the faster they ndvnnce with
their left wing in the southeast, the
more they weaken the position of their
right wing along tho Stochod."
It is admitted here that, tho Rus
sians caught the Austrians by surprise
nt the beginning of' the offensive.
(Continued oa Fata ThreO
War Will End Early in 1917
Says Captured Officer and
Germany Will Win of Course
By Wilbur S. Forrest
(I'nited Press staff correspondent.)
British Base Hospital, Northern
Northern France, July 21. (By mail.)
"The' war will end early iu 1H17.
Which side will winf Germany will
win, of coarse."
A wounded officer of the noted Prus
sian guRrd made this assertion to the
t'aited Press today. The words came be
tween big bites of thick white bread
laid sandwich like over a heavy spread
of real butter anil orange marmalade.
The officer was hungry. With about 200
comrades he had just arrived from the
scene of the big British offensive. He
had beeu nipped in the leg by shrapnel.
His wound did not deter aim from ver
bal optimism. But he was greatly thauK
ful for the neat hospital cot and the
treatment he was receiving.
"Why were you taken prisoner t" he
was asked.
New York, Aug. 16 A renew
al of the street car strike that
badly crippled New York's sur
face lines last week appeared
certain today unless the New
York railways reinstate 25 union
conductors and motormen dis
charged after the strike.
Union officials charged today
that the managing heads of the
railways deliberately violated
the agreement tinder which the
men returned to work, in dis
charging these men. Further
more they quoted Vice-President
lied ley as having promised
better wages to men who refrain
from joining the union.
THIS MAY BE CUSSED
AS PREMATURE TALK
England Discusses Resump
tion of Relations After
War Is Over
London, Aug. 16. Bflgland mav not
resume diplomatic relatiuns with Ger
many after the end of the war until
Germany makes full reparation for tho
execution of Captain Fryatt and simi
lar outrages, Premier Asquith intimat
ed in the house of commons today.
The prime minister replied to a ques
tion put to the government by Sir Ed
ward Carson. Sir Edward asked if in
view of the Fryntt and other cases
whether England was prepared to re
sume diplomatic intercourse with Ger
many after the war unless the alleged
crimes were expiated.
Premier Asquith said that in the
opinion of the cabinet, the country
would not tolerate a resumption of dip
lomatic intercourse with Germany mi
til such reparation had been mnde. The
cabinet, he added, is consulting Eng
land's allies as to the best method for
securing such reparation.
"Will the government declare that
tho kaiser Is wanted for murderi"
asked Will Thome, labor member.
The-question went unanswered amid
a tumult of cheering t
8R. EVA HARDING IS
IN FIGHT TO STAY
Will Run Independent Be
, cause New York Women
Threatened Her
Topeka, Kan., Aug. 10. Dr. Eva
Harding, independent candidate for con
gress from the First district, offered
new proof today why she is known as
the state's "fighting woman."
Most candidates stay in the fight be
cause their friends want them to. With
Dr. Harding it is different; she is back
the fight because of her enemies
,, women on(,mieg at tllat
The other day Dr. Harding received
a newspaper clipping from a friend in
New York. The letter congratulated
her on her escape, as an organization
already had announced from its New
York office that several women would
be sent to Kansas to campaign agniust
Dr. Harding.
"What else could I do!" Dr. Hard
ing asked today. "Those New York
women counted on the pleasure of com
ing clear out here to Kansas to fight
me. Could I disappoint themt You
know I couldn't do that. So I am back
in the riinnlug, happy and there Is go
ing to be a merry little wnr in this dis
trict. If they want a fight they will
not be disappointed at least not by
me.'
"The British had too much artillery
for us," was the reply. "Their fire
was stronger tlmii ours and we were
cut off. We had plenty of food but no
water. We had to surrender."
This officer spoke excellent Eng
lish. He learned it in a German school.
He was under 30 aud a perfect speci
men of nianhoord.
Proud of Record.
"How long have you been nt the
front t" he was asked.
"Twenty.fwo months," he replied
with pride. "I'v been in Poland, Ga
licia, Champagne, Verdun and at Con
talmaison nnd Mametz wood. I was cap
tured at Mumeta wood. For five days
mv division was cut off by the British
artillery fire. A trip to the rear for
water was death. Long range guns were
playing streams of steel on the lines be-
(Continued, on Pay Bsrea.)
HUGHES TALKS TO
PORTLAND AD LIEU
ABOUT BUSINESS
Makes Startling Statement He
Is For Sound Business
. Administration
JAYS "THEY RECKON ILL
WHO LEAVE OUT OREGON"
Says He Was Mandamused
Into Running by People of
This State
By Perry Arnold.
(United Press stuff correspondent.)
Portland, Ore., Aug. 10. Greeted as
Charley" amid tempestuous cheer
and a harmony quartet, republican nom
inee nugnes, speaking to the Portland
Ad club, today referred to the present
campaign as a businessman's struggle.
As such he appealed for the busiuess
man's support for republicanism.
'I'm a member of the Kemibhcan Ad
club, ' ' ne began. ' ' For the Dresent I 'as.
spokesman. It was not always thus. A.
short time aco I was Ions on. silence
nnd short on speech; now I'm lonar on
speech and short on silence. The reas
on is I was mandamused in Oregon. I
was intent upon observing the strict
proprieties of the position I held. It
was a place of great distinction in
which I was content to remain. When
suggestions came from Oregou tVrt I
permit my name in the primaries. I ctt
curtly refused. I had no desire to tii.
1 wanted to remain where I was. But
thoy reckon ill who leave out Oreimn.
For the first time in history a state
court mandamused a federal judge.'
continuing the republican nominee
discussed the tariff and urged business
like methods In government, particular
ly a systematic budget system.
"Tnere is no private business in the
country that could exist as the gov
ernment doos, without any proper or
ganization," he declared. "'"I'm for a.
sound business like administration. If
we are to measure up the demand that
are before us and take our place wor
thily among the nations of the earth,
then we must have ability to resist im
portunity and the making of public of
fices into nublic sunns. I'm acainst
that. We must save every day it will
not be conserved simply by indulirine in
good wishes around the club tables.".
Hughes referred to tho United Statesj
system of government as organized
"like a watch delicately adjusted and
requiring that it be kept in order.";
ue declared that tbe republican party
was tho only one which eould treat af
fairs properly as national or as local:
'We must buud up," he said in con
clusion. This afternoon Hughes was to
take an automobile ride up the Colum
bia highway and to make an address
this evening.
Munitions From ths East.
Portland, Ore., Aug. 1(1. Charles E.
Hughes preached his doctrine of "Am
erica First and America Efficiency" in
Oregon today the state which, despite,
his protest from tho supreme bench, in
structed for him iu the primaries. Ha
was to make at least two speeches and
members of his party were authority
for the statement that he would cite
more concrete instances to support his
claim of democratic incapacity for ef
ficient government.
So far the republican aspirant for
presidential honors has cited instance
io support charges of "payment of do
litieal debts at tho public expcmie, " in
clusive and wordy" laws in the anti
dumping sections of the democratic, tar
iff law and failure of the Wilson ad
ministration to live up to the platform,
pledge of protection of American citi
zens and their property abroad. Yester
day at Tacoma tie added a uew charge
that it required a republican emergency
currency meusure to tide the democratin
party through the panicky days just
at the begiuuing of the Wilson adminis
tration. It is known the governor has recent
ly received a great deal of data from
headquarters of the national committee
New York including one $; tele
gram. This is a treasure House of infor
mation for his use. rrom now on in
every one of bis big speeches, the can-
fContlnaed on Pa Two
THE WEATHER
Oregon: Fair
tonight and
Thursday, cooler
tonight except
near the coast;
westerly winds.
WE HW HAD)