A 5fft ! - FULL LEASED WIRE DISPATCHES 4 CIRCULATION IS OVER 4000 DAILY . .- H 'A j :; n THIRTY-NINTH YEAR-NO. 164 SALEM, OREGON, FRIDAY, AUGUST 11, 1916 PRICE TWO CENTS ON TRAINBAND NEW STANDS TlVH OBim GREAT DRIVE OF ALLIES HAS BEGUN French Strike First Blow, Capturing Railway Station of Doiran '38. Miles 'North cr Salonika-Athens- Reports I Great Battle Raging Attempt to Drive Teutons and r Bulgarians Out of Serbia Bns Russians Still Sweep Forward By Ed L, (United Press Staff London, Aug. 11. Indications that the long expected offensive of the allies in the Balkans may have begun were contained in dispatches received here this afternoon. By a sudden blow on the Doiran front, 38 miles north of Salonika, French troops have captured the railway station at Doiran, evacuated by the allies when they re treated from Serbia last fall. A statement from the French war office carried this, announcement. An Athens dispatch to the Central News about the same hour reported a great battle raging on the Balkan front. The allies have occupied not only the Doiran station but high ground adjacent, the dispatch said. The British war office thus far has made no announce ment of the beginning of the great drive expected to sweep the armies of the central empires out of Serbia. For several days advices from have reported increasing anxiety at Berlin over rumors that the allies Balkan offensive was about to begin while the great triple offensive on the western, eastern and ' Italian fronts was under way. The allies, Berlin reported, planned to squeeze the Austro-Gemians and Bulgars by pressure on four fronts simultaneously, hoping at the same time to draw Rumania into the war against the Austro-Germans. The news of the allied success in the Balkans followed announcement of new and sweeping successes by the Rus sians in their advance against Lemberg from the south west. " ' ' The Slavs are crpssisng the Bistritza river three miles east of Stanislau and have made a rapid advance against the important city of Halitz, at the same time continuing their advance on the Sereth river further north with large captures in prisoners. The western front has been compnra- .tively quiet for the past 24 hours, I though the British war office this after- noon announced slight additional gains , northwest of I'ozieres and near Hazen- tin-Le-Petit. Rome dispatches also an nounced further progress in the fight nig nround Uoritz. No important fighting has occurred on the Balkan front since last Decem ber, when the Anglo-French expedition ary forces under General Snrrail, retired from southern Serbia under heavy pres sure by superior forces of Austro-Ger-jiinns and Bulgars. The fighting at Doiran officially an nounced today is the most important Balkan engagement since the allied re treat. Whether it marks the actual be uiiuiing of the offensive by the British, French and the reequipped Serbian army is not yet definitely known. Keeent reports trom Athens stated that, a very large part of the Austro-jnn iermnn troops tnnt uetenuea tne eai-1 knn line had been withdrawn because o'f the pressure of allied troops on other fronts. The Bulgars, it was reported, had tak en over the defense of Serbia frem an nllied invnsiou. It was reported from described as the key to any operation Berlin two weeks ago that Field Mar-, against the Gnliciau capital from the nliul Von Mnckensen, who directed the southwest. Austro-Oermnn Balkan campaign, hadl It was expected that Genernl I.etch returned lo the" Russian front. I itsky would first take Ktouislau and The exact number of Anglo-French A sack o' peanuts is th' oily thing left that's sellin' at th' ole price. Folks that love at first sight are gen erally sorry they didn't look around a little more. IN BALKANS 1 ; ta ecu, . respondent.) German sources, however, and Serbian- troops concentrated on the Balkan is not known here, (Mail advices reaching the United States said the allies have 600,000 sol diers in ureece.) Sweep All Before Them. Petrograd, Aug. 11. Striking west ward with amazing rapidity, the right wing of Genernl I.ctchitsky's army has reached the Dniester river Bouth of Ma rinnipol, which is only 10 miles from the important tpwn of Halitz, it was officially announced today. News of this important success tem porarily overshadowed the advance against the city of Stanislau, south ot Hulitz whose fall is now regarded as a matter of but a few hours. The war office announced that bridges are being thrown across the Bistritza river, three miloa nnuf nf Mtnnialnii nrflnarnfitrv tn advance on.the city and also report- ed fresh victories on the Sereth river, !i0 miles cast of Lemberg, where several villages nnd woods were captured. The town of Halitz, lying at the rail way crossing of the Dniester and but o miles southeast of Lemberg has been i then move northward against Hulitz. I 1 he Austrmns were prepared for a most stubborn resistance nt the Hulitz bridgehead, where they expected to block the crossing of the Dniester nad a further advance by the czar's troops against Lemberg. Made 20 Miles Yesterday. Letchitsky evidently took the enemy by complete surprise, throwing n force across the Zlota Lipa river, northeast of StaniHlnu, he began a swift advance agninst Halitz on the north bank of the Dniestor. The official statement is sued yesterday placed the advance guards .'10 miles from Hulitz. Today's official statement, reported the Dniester reported south of Mnrinmpol, which is directly north of Stanislau and only 10 miles from Halitz. This unexpected maneuver not only is expected to force the immediate evacua tion of Stanislau but it also endangers the position of a large Austro-German force south of the Dniester. On the Sereth river front, despite desperate Austro-German counter at tacks. General Snkharoff continued his advance yesterday. Besides capturing several villnges and woods, the Russians reached commanding ridce on the right bank. In the last week the Rus - sians have captured SOS officers and 13.000 men on this front alone. The advances continue on the whole front southeast of Halitz, the war of - fice announced, the Russians having - ((.on tinned on rage evea.j HUGHES MAT VISIT SALEM WEDNESDAY Portland, Ore., Aug. 11. Can didate Hughes will speak twice in Portland next week, accord ing to arrangements today by the republican committee in charge here. His principal ad dress iB to be in the armory at 8 p. m. A meeting for women voters only is planned for the afternoon. Hughes will probably bo here next Wednesday, arriving early in the morning and going on a trip through the Willamette valley, delivering rear platform speeches, during the day. PORTLAND 10 BUILD VESSELS FOR COAST New Company Organized to Build Ships for Trade On the Pacific Portland, Ore., Aug. 1. Vessels for Puget Sound, Mexico, Boston and Cali fornia are to be built by a new company organized by George K. Hardy, former executive secretnry of the Portland chamber of commerce, according to his plans announced today. Hardy resigned from the chamber for the purpose of su perintending the new corporation's Jo velopmeut. While declinig to reveal the identity of his financial backers, Hardy declar ed he- was in communication with a well known ship builder of Norway. If his plans go through, this ship builder will leave Norway and build yards here. Hnrdy's idea is to build boats of Oregon pine and fir; and use them for carrying products of the northwest to the world. NUMBER OF DEAD 75 Latest Estimates Give the Above As Being Approxi mately Correct Charleston, W. Va., Aug. 11. The death list in Wednesday's flood dis aster will be at least seventy-five, ac cording to reports from rescue parties today. Twenty-five more bodies have been recovered. Many of the militiamen nnd those nccomiinnying them reported that they have been unnblo to reach ninny towns washed out. They are building new roads to get to them. It may be Beveral days before fig ures on all losses ran be determined. Estimates of property Iobs in the three vallevs were reduced today. It will probably not exceed $'J,000,OOO. The homeless number nbout 12,000. IS Does Not Concede Defeat But Thinks It Probable, Will Back Rival Topeka, Kan., Aug. 11. This state's "fighting woman", Dr. Eva Harding, probably has been defeated in her race for the democratic congressional nomi nation, o "I believe Corwine has been nominat ed," Dr. Harding said today, "but I am not ready to admit my defeat until the official count is made Tuesday. The vote is too close for me to be beaten un oificially. Corwine claims the nomina tion by'l92 votes." The Kansas suffragette believes that if she has foiled to get the nomination is to due to the "short slghteduess of the male voters. If Fev. H. J. Corwine, Dr. Harding's opponent has won, she will support him. according to her stntement today. Dr. Harding has received telegrams and letters by the hundreds congratu lating her on what her writers believed was her nomination. The Woman's National Suffrage as sociation wanted to know if she believ led in woman suffrage and prohibition, lDr. Harding has belonged to the league since childhood. "I wanted to write 'rats' across the I slip of questions and Bend it back to 1 the association," she said, " they might fust as well have asked fiusnn B. An- Ithony if she believed in suffrage for women." MASTER BAKERS ASK CONGRESS FOR lEATJlARGO Say Prices for Flour Will Go - Higher Unless This Is Done IN SAN FRANCISCO FLOUR SELLS AT $8.20 BARREL National Housewives League Warn Bakers "Something Will Drop" Washington, Aug. 11 Declaring that unless congress acts the price if bread will advance beyond the reach of the average consumer, the National Assoc ation of the Master BuUers today peti tioned the house and senate to impose an embargo on wheat. At the same time it was announced at the office of the Federal Trade com mission that Vice Chairman Hurley who left for Chicago last night, had Bone armed with outhorilv to investi- cate the proposed increase in bread prices, agreed to by the Master Bak ers association. "The advance in the price of wheat 50 per cent within 30 days, is largely due to the war in Europe," said the master bakers' petition. "It certainly is the part of wisdom to conserve such wheat supplies as we have. If no relief is afforded by the proper authorities, there will Inevitan lv.be a considerable increase in the cost of bread. ! i ! "In the name of 40,000,000 users of bakers bread, we ask an embargo thrown about the present supply bo ef fective as to prevent any further ad vance." . The petitions -were referred to com mittees without action. ' Hurley's Chicago trip was not primar ily to investigate the bread price ques tion, it was said at the commission of ficesut he has the authority to take it up while in Chicago, i'f the action of the master bakers materializes in double bread prices. tiave Great Supplies. Two government departments today said they are ready to meet any manip ulation of wheat or flour the depart ment of justice and the federal trade commission. Congress probably' also would be involved as in the present gasoline investigation. "If we find evidence of unfair meth ods aud price boosting, either by com nlaint to us. or by our own informa tion we shall get busy," said Commis sioner Davies of the federal trade com mission. The wheat crop this year is expected to be 654.000,000 bushels. On the basis ,'of 5.3 bushelB per capita a year the av- lerage consumption with 7a,uoo,uou bushels required for seed, the require 1 ment would be about 020,000,000 bush els. This would leave 34,000,000 bushels for export. Last year the crop was a record one 1,012,000,0UU busuels. About zau.uuu, 000 bushels were exported. The year be fore 3113.000.000 bushels went abroad but the five year average is only 125-, 000,000 bushels. Experts predict that as Europe accustoms herself to the war, the demand upon this country will be less pressing. The 34,000,000 export margin this year has excited speculators, the depart ment men said, causing them to 'forget that 75,000,000 bushels of lust year's crop are left in the hunds of farmers who were unable to dispose of it and 75,000,000 bushels more are in elevators and warehouses. Women Give Warning New York, Aug. 11 First steps in a nation wide protest nguiust the pro posal of the bukers ef the country to raise the price of bread, were made here today by the National House wives' League when instructions were sent to the league officers in every state in the union to investigate local conditions and arouse public sentiment against fie proposed action. - "Bread is the rood of tne run ana poor alike and any increase in price is going to resultin hardships which we will .not permit wirnoui a protest, said Mrs. Julian Heath, president of the league which includes 700,000 mem bers. "Preparations for our eampaign are bein? rushed and if the bakers persist in carrying ut their threat they will hear from us." Up 40 Cents in Six Days San Francisco, Auit. 1 1. The house wife who bought a fifty pound sack of flour today paid 2.0.- for it ten cents more than she paid last Satur day. An advance of 20 cents a barrel was announced today by local millers, as the result of the government crop re port showing a heavy decline in wheat production from last year, making 0 total advance of 40 cents in six days. The best family grades of flour re tailed at a barrel today. Millers declared that the latest pric es are not bv any means the top and .. . . - ' .... tnev preutci runner auvances soon u st 4c sfc it s(s sjc )c st 3c )(c sjc sc sfc sjt )t ic WILSON TO VISIT COAST Washington, Aug. 11. Be tween September 15 and Octo ber 1, President Wilson plans to start a trans-continental cam paign tour, including probably many of the cities on the Hughes' itinerary. He will go as far as ban Francisco, it was learned today after Senator Phelan had called at the White House to arrange several of the speaking engagements. ANGUISHING FOR PAY Have Not Been Paid for Seven Weeks and Many Are Broke Headquarters Washington National Guard, Calexico, Cal., Aug. 11. North western troopers of the Oregon and Washington militia who, day by day are learning to be better soldiers, are also learning what it is to be poor. And many agree that it's what Sherman said war was. Many guardsmen for the 'first time in their lives feel the pangs of poverty. The military camps here are "broke" because their pay is still tangled in red tape. I'ncle Mam owes them for two months work, lacking just eight days. Financial straits are producing Borne queer results at the camps here, some far sighted troopers, with their last rew dollars invested in tobacco are using smokes" of any description os legal tender. A uickel cigar will do the work of a dime almost uuyfhere within the Boldiery realm. The continued presence of the wolf at the door is getting on the soldiers' nerves. Colonel William Ingles, com mander of the Second infantry, Wash ington National Guard, is understood to have dispatched a protest to the war de partment. Company F, Washington,' Infantry, will be one of the smallest "company units along the border when school op ens, i Fifty men will be released under an order from Major "General Bell so they may return to the, University of Wushiugton when it reopens. Members of this company . have been tabbed "school boys," "master minds," and "iddicates" by their comrades. HOT WAVE IN EAST Illinois Drenched by Near Cloudbursts Weather Will Be Cooler Chicago, Aug. 11. Reports of heavy property damage and loss of stock in floods caused by. rains which fell all lust night throughout Illinois, Iowa and parts of the middle west were received here toduv. It is estimated t lint the THE BABT ELK Sun Diego, Cut., Aug. 11. O. B. Stough, W years of age, wus initiated into the local lodge of Kllis lust night, making him the oldest member of the order In the world. s(t jfc sc sc )t s(c jc sfc st ifc )c s(c )c sc )t less tiie rising cost of the rnw grain is checked. Women Politicians Have Real Ladylike Scrap Over Proposal to Back Hughes Colorado Snrintrs. Colo.. Auff. 11. A perfectly ladylike scrap was on today in ln '"H I'"ce. '. ... . . The efforts of Miss Alice Carpenter the Woman's party conference over theof KooMV,t Womlln., ett(tue, and organization's policy in the coming cum-, Klizabotk Reed of the Hughes' Worn- paign. Virtually all lenders are in fa- an's Alliance to obtain pnssuge of rcso- vor of adopting a ringing declaration j lutions pledging the Woman's party against 1'resideut Wilson aud democra-! support to the republican nominee seem- tic congressmen for failing to puss the lea bound to fail. Miss Alice Paul, Susan B. Anthony federul suffrage founder of tho party and the confer- amendnient. But the plan of some of ence, said that while all voting women the lenders also to indorse Charles E. must hope for Hughes' election the Wo- Hughes and Ijftclc him with the Worn-! mans' party would be more powerful on s party's souu.uuu enmpuign lunu was strongly opposed by delegates not : independent. wishing to .antagonize the prohibition! " By showing the republicans we can aud socialist parties with platforms fa-1 defeat the democrats with our votes in voriug national equul suffruge. the 12 suffrnge states," said Miss l'aul, "Why should we pick out one man! "we would also show the republicans or onC party for our undivided alleg-jthat we are powerful enough to endan 'lancet" asked Miss Alice l'aul, Mrs. ger their chances of reelection if they Harriet Stanton Hlach also fnvors the i refuse to adopt the Anthony amend policy of being against President Wil- ment. Fear is a greater weapon in on but not for any particular nrcsi-' notifies than cratitude." dentinl candidate. Mrs. Dora Phelps. Buell nnd Miss Anne Martin responded i with the argument 'i u- ll'L;.. u.i with the argument: " We've got a man in the White House whom we wish to DAI PEEPED HIT WINDOW AND ALSO INTO VOMAH S LIFE Blind for 62 Years Surgeons Give To Her the Miracle of Light ! 'THIS IS DAY, THAT A BIRD AND THOSE ARE FLOWERS Were Her Words of Greeting to Sight Greatest Sight to Come Her Boy San Francisco, Aug. 11. Dawn poep ed in the window of the St. Francis hospital this morning and found a woman awaiting. A bird chirped on the window sill. "So this Is day," mused the woman. "And that is a bird oh I know it nnd those are flowers. It is all just as I dreamed it would be." "Yes," repeated the nurse, "this is day and that is a bird and those arc (lowers. ' ' The woman was Mrs. Mary Josephine O'Fnrrcll and today she saw daylight for the first time since she was a year old. che has been blind for 02 years, Doctors Aaron and S. L. Green last night performed the operation that brought light nut of darkness. All night she restlessly awaited day bo that she might enjoy the many things of which she has heard and visualized in her years of darkness. For several days she must be most careful, nurses say, and guard against strain. She will be allowed to glance nbout her but a few times each day until she gradually becomes accustomed to the light "And whnt is the most beautiful thing you hope to' see now t" she was asked It is my boy," she answered. "My great big boy. And be is coming to see m this afternoon. And 1 am going to look at him. 1 know how he looks before I see him though, .but ohl how I have wanted to ready see him." Mrs. O'Farrell'B son is t 3. O'Far rell, a druggist of Santa Clara. He is 3H years of age. "1 have' not yet seen much," said Mrs. O'Farrell today. "But we sight less ones draw many pictures l'rom what is read to us end described to us. In a wny.we see and I find so fur that the ideas we gather in the dark are not greatly different from those in real life." losses will run into the thousands of dollars. At Uockford, III., and districts near by, houses were demolished' and hay, wheat and oats stacks were blown away by the high wind. Street car ser vice wos abandoned n the afternoon when the ower plant was put put of commission. The hardest hit places were at I.a Sullee, Springvalley and Tiskilwa, III., where severe washouts on the Rock Is land railroad were reported. Telegraph and telephone communica tion wns cut off nt several places. I'arta of Chicago were wrapped in dark ness Inst night when power wires were ' Htrurted by electrical disturbances. Nearly half an inch of water fell in the first fifteen miuutes of the cloud burst. Tiie weather bureau declared today the storm broke the heat wave and that from now it will be cooler. Cook There's moro crush needed in the kitchen, nin'um. M'm;b 1 fl'diddn't think so after wh it 1 he.ird or i! .his morning. 'put out But we've got to put some one in tins campaign u noupnriisuu unit The opposition to the indorsement of Huuhes. led by Miss Paul, wns a pre- liminary skirmish in the appointment or the resolutions committee. MEDIATION BOARD MUSTGET MVEOII EARLY TOMORROW Brotherhoods Say It Must Submit Proposition at That Time LEADERS SAY FAILURE TO AGREE MEANS STRIKE Unless Terms Are Agreed To WiD Touch Match To the Dpamite New York, Aug. 11. The Federal Board of Mediation and Conciliation and representatives of trainmens broth erhoods, including 400,000 railroad men. of the country agree to delay to submit ting any final proposition looking to ward a settlement of demands made by the men until Saturday morning at 10 o'clock. Following several conferences held during the morning, President Stone of the engineer's brotherhood . indicated strongly that prompt action must bs taken by the board, but members of the board declared they were not ready to report at present. Mediator u. vv. vv. uangar men an nounced that postponement of submis sion of any immediate proposition bet granted. We ask that we be given until iuj o clock tomorrow morning to make our report," Hangar said. Upon tho brotherhoo.l representatives agreeing to this, President Oarretson of the conductors declured there was... nothing to do now but wait for th decision tomorrow. f ' "Must' Have' QutcH: Action New York, Aug. 1 1. The Federal Board of Mediation and Conciliation, has only until tomorrow to present its final proposition intended to avert a strike of 400,000 railroad men on 225 railroads of the United States. The big -four brotherhoods served this no . tice on the board this afternoon. "We must have immediate action," said Stone. "Carrying a strike vote around in your pocket is like carrying a stick of dynamite. You can never tell what is going to happen. This con troversy has dragged iong so that our men are growing impatient. If it had not been for the earnest plea of th brotherhood presidents, this controver sy would not have been submitted to the mediators. But our plea to gWe the government officers a chance to see what they could do, finally pre vailed. Hhen asked whether he tnought an attempt would bo made to arbitrate the difficulties Stone shook his head and """The members of the United States) board of mediation end conciliation nro the personal representatives of President Wilson and that fact car ries with it considerable weight; just how much remsns to be seen. If thi board is unable to reach some settle ment it is doubtful whether any oth er board or commission can do so. G. W. Hangar, one of the members) of tiie federal board, presented some proposition of a secret character to the employes today. He returned later to a meeting of tho mediators. When asked what the program wns now ho replied he did not know. "We aro now milking our plans hour by hour, he said. " We nrc hopeful, but 1 can J predict what is going to happen. I euu't say anything more." ' While the mediators were meeting during the morning the employes held another secret session. They will wait further word from the federal bourd. PRESIDENT JTJ8T NOW 13 AN EARLY RISER ' Washington, Aug. 11. The alarm clock in the White House now rings at 5 a. m. and tho man it rings for is tho president. Since the arrival of tho hot season. President Wilson has been arising at 5. He can work better in the morning than after the summer suu has got in it worst work, he says. ' . - oW THE WtAlULK ; Oregon: Fair night and Satur day, cooler Sat urday interior west portioa; windy mostly; northerly. NO SHAPrM 81'