Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, August 08, 1916, Image 1

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" ' . -
Russians J Press Forward Claim Capture of Whole Line
Satf y and Sunday Took 166 Officers and 8,115 Men
Pri .f jrs Germans Re-take Thiamount in Tremendous
As it Trying to Dislodge Australians Lose Heavily
Fi i Battle Raging . "
Petrograd, Aug. 8. Russian troops, have captured the
Galician town of Tdumacz, ten miles southeast, of Stanis
lau, in a new and most powerful offensive on a seventeen
mile front southeast of Lemberg, it was officially an
nounced. ,
Opening their attack in the region of Tyemienica,
where there has been little activity for several weeks, the
czar's troops broke through enemy trenches and then en
. gaged the Austrians while they were fleeing. .
Under terrific Russian onslaughts the whole enemy line
was captured. Tlumacz and the region east of the heights
along the Dniester ridge were taken. ,
Southwest of Kolomea-Stanislau railway, General
Leichisky's artillery silenced enemy guns. Russian caval
ry then swung into action and pursued the enemy forces,
fleeing disorderly. One Russian division captured 2,000
Germans, several heavy guns and many machine guns.
Prisoners are still arriving from the scene of this action.
On the Serreth river front south of Brody the Russians
are continuing their advance and fortifying newly cap
tured positions. In the fighting on this front Saturday
and Sunday Russian treops captured 166 officers and 8,115
men, four cannon; 19 machine guns and eleven trench
Germans Admit Retreat.
Berlin, Aug. 8. Under attack Uy a
Htrong Riisslafi force. German troops
have been" farced to fall back to pre
viously prepared po9tiojis on the Tlu-macz-Ottynin
line1, southeast of Stnnis
lau, it wasofficially announced this
On the whole eastern front fighting
at some places of intense character has
broken out. The engagements are grow
ing more lively particularly from the
TJiver Screth south. At some places
Russian attacks have been repulsed.
Near Zarecz on the River Stochod
front, repeated Russian attacks were
repulsed with heavy Russian losses.
West of Lutsk fortress the fighting
was renewed this morning.
Northwest of Zaloeze on th Sereth
river front Russian attacks failed and
south of the Bame point, a German coun
ter attack stopped the enemy, the Ger
mans taking 709 prisoners. German
troops hnve extended their gains on the
Bialy Cr.eremosz valley in the Carpa
thians. Artillery Hems Them In.
London, Aug. 8. Threatened with
enforced retreat from the strong Leip
rticr redoubt and the fortified village of
Tliiepvnl, the Germnns are making ev
ery effort to dislodge the Australians
from Hill 150, standing M0 feet above
the Pozieres-Thiepvnl highway.
A heavy bombardment of this sector
of the British front followed the re
prise of four German attacks in yes
terday's fightiug. The cannonading
was on last night an if in preparation
tit another drspernte Gcrmnn assault.
Documents found in German trenches
captured in the recent British advance
around Poieies give convincing proof
of the devastating effect of the bom
iiordmont that pieceded the Australians
'Thev seem to Know our dugouts
Lots o' folks er given credit fer haT
i.t common sense that never had money
niigh t' make a fool o' themselves.
J.afe Bud has left his wife t' accept an
offer fer a experienced single man with
no rnpital.
better than we do ourselves." wrote one
Gorman soldier, commenting on the ac
eurucy of the British artillery, in which
may have been his last letter home. :
"Shiiiliiig. n".s been so violent they
lave, been unable to bring us food,"
wrote an'ither. "Our artillery fire is
we:tk compared with the enemy's."
Several other Germans, whose letters
were found, complained that the file
from British guns cut them off from the
rest of the world and that they had
been unable to obtain food or drink.
One officer wrote that he had sent nn
appeal for water, that his men were
suffering more severely from lack of
water in the heat than from lack of
Terrific Assaults at Verdun.
Paris, Aug. 8. German troops re
captured the strongly fortified Thiau
mont work northeast of Verdun. In a
most powerful assault early this morn
ing, it was officially announced at the
war office' today. A bloody battle is
still raging around the redoubt.
Following a night of terrific bom
bardment, the Germans directed five
most violent attacks against the French
positions from Flcury village to the
Thiaumout position. Very large forces
were employed in these attacks which
were continued, regardless of heavy
At Floury village the Germnns were
completely repulsed, suffering heavily.
By repeated onslaughts a Teutonic force
(Continued on Pace Six.)
Uncle Samuel Takes Stock
of What His Farm Produced
and Finds He has Some Crop
Washington, Aug. 8. A "mediocre"
crop of about 1154,000,000 bushels of
wheat was forecast today by the depart
ment of agriculture. The crop in pros
pect declined 105,000,000 bushels from
July 1 to August 1, it was stated.
Estimates of crop production this
year were made today by the depart
ment of agriculture as follows:
Winter wheat, 455,000,000 bushels
against (155,000,000 last year.
Spring wheat 109,000,000 bushels
against 357,000,000 last year.
All wheat U54.OO0.OO0 bushels against
1,012,000,000 last year.
Corn 2,777,000,000 bushels against
3.055.000,000 last year.
Oats 1,674.000,000 bushels against
1.540,000,000 last year.
Barlev 105,000,000 bushels against
2.:7.O00,O00 last year.
Rve 91,900,000 bushels against 49,
200,000 last year.
Buckwheat' 17,100,000 bushels against
15.HO0.000 Inst year. .
White potatoes 304.000,000 bushels
against 359,000,000 Inst year.
Swe't potatoes 71,000,000 against
74,300,000 last year.
Tobacco 1.197,000,000 pounds against
1 .(XI 1.000.000 last year.
Flax 14,100,000 bushels against 1.1,
800.000 last year.
Rice 34.200,000 bushels against 29,
900.000 last year.
Hay, tame, 84,000,000 tons against
Boston, Muss., Aug. 8 Rather
than starve to death, Armenians
are eating human flesh, accord
ing to a cable dispatch received
today by the American commit
tee for Armeninn and Syria u re
lief. The dispatch is from a "high
diplomatic authority in Tur
The Armenians who hnve been
driven out upon the deserts
have frequently pounced upon
the bodies of exhausted com-
rades and hnve feasted upon
them, says the dispatch. Lack
of food has driven the people
practically to animal life Men
. and women have been seea
crawling .upon the ground in a
, desperate hunt for grasses and :
Italian Divorced by Wife
Without His Knowledge
Pleads for His "Babe"
Portland, Or., Aug. H David Beias
co is overlooking n winner in Camillo
Rossi, a plain little Italian lnborer.
This was the opinion today of many
who heard Rossi's impassioned flea in
fudge Jones' court when his baby was
taken awav.
The judge ruled that the cbi':d be
longed to its mot.ior, beeause shci r.i
vorced iJossi 8 years before its
bii'.h. Afraid to tell hint of the dcitte,
she continued as his wife, this news
was broken to Rossi in cr.urt, where he
was charged with threatening the wom
an. Mien h -,'as Mice tna-, i-li if
was not tiie littl.) one'? fntlie'.
"I don't teem; .et t'lit,'-' the shab
by Italian had risop, and h: quavering
voice sounded elntrl In the. silent
room, "1 don' theenk ret tight to
tak' my babee away, I havo work man'
man' months lor her. i have geeve all
my moaey f,it m- halne. And n.iw you
taV her away. I no lii'j her-- -nv
His voice, with its questioning inflec
tion, trailed away an.l for a moment
there was not a w'.iisper, Then unmis
takable sounds of tears nvr) heard,
clearings of throats and uneasy shuf
flings. Judge Jones sharply warned Rossi
not to bother his wife and her babe,
and dismissed the charge against him.
Court adjourned. Attendants explained
to Rossi that it was all over. He slunk
out like an old man.
s 3)c )(c jjc sc st sfc jjt jjc s(s )(( j(c jfc
New Tork, Aug. 8 five cases
of infantile paralysis in exclu
sive suburban communities near
New York were reported today.
In Oyster Bay, L. I., three chil
dren of W. O. Gay, whose es
tate adjoins that of Colonel
Roosevelt, have been stricken.
The epidemic has also spread to
the Meadobrook Hunt colony.
New York hospitals have ap
pealed to children who have had
infantile paralysis and are free
from any blood taint to sacri
fice blood for serum to save
chili1 victims of the disease.
I 85,200,000 last year.
Cotton 12,900,000 bales against 11,-
I 200,000 bales last year.
Sugar beets 7,570,000 tons against (!,
'510,00 Olast year.
I Apples 71,000,000 barrels against 70,
700,000 last year.
Peaches 4O,.3O,O00 bushels against
03,500,000 last year.
Crop conditions August 1 were:
Spring wheat, 03.4; corn, 71.3; oats,
81.5; barley, 80; buckwheat, 87.8; white
potatoes, 80.8; sweet potatoes, 85.9; to
bacco, 84.4; flax, 84; rye. 9.4.2; hay,
tome, 95.5; cotton (July 25), 72.3; sugar
beets, 88.3.
Estimated yield per acre:
Winter wheat, 1.1.8 bushels; spring
wheat, 11.2 bushels; all wheat, 12.9
bushels; rorn, 25. U bushels; oats, 31.4
bushels; barley, 25.1 bushels; rye. 15.3
bushels; buckwheat, 20.9 bushels; white
potatoes, 100.3 bushels; sweet potatoes,
90.5 bushels; tobacco, 855.8 pounds;
flax, 8.9 bushels; hay, tnme, 1.01 tons;
cotton, 173.4 pounds; sugar beets, 10.7
I tons.
The price August 1, in cents per buah
lels unless otherwise indicated:
I All wheat, 1.07.1; corn, 79.4; oats,
1 40.1; barley, 75.3; rye, 83.4; buckwheat.
89; white potatoes, 9.4; sweet pota
I toes, 87.1; flax, 1.78.1; hay, tame, 10.0S
a ton; cotton, 12.0 a pound; apples, .00
I a barrel (July 13); peaches, 1.09 barer!
(July 15). '
Made Six Speeches and
Shaved the Sp"eed Limit In
Tour of Detroit
Despite Heat Sticks to His
White Vest and Favorite
Wing Collars
By Perry Arnold
(United Press staff correspondent)
Chicago, Aug. 8. Charles Evans
Hughes is out-Rooscvelting Roosevelt
in Btrenuosity of campaigning. Arriv
ing here today, the republican nominee
was fresh as a daisy alter a day in
Detroit that kept him on the jump, in
fiercely hot weather, from, early morn
ing to late at night, including six
sjteeehes and a breakneck bit of auto
mobile speeding around the town.
Moreover, Hughes seemed likely today
to achieve a new record iu Chicago for
Only one speech was scheduled at
the Coliseum, where back in June the
U. O. P. selected him as its candidate
but the nominee had to straighten
up factional muss between republicans
iu Illinois, was expected to put the
sea! of approval on a number of cam
paign measures for the western fight
formulated by National Chairman Will
cox and it seemed likely he would have
a great deal of handshaking to do.
He was slated forln conference with
Chairman Willcox. Alvin T llert nf
Kentucky, western campaign manager,
anu national committeeman. ..
At noon he was to hold an., open
handshaking reception in the rotunda
of a loot skyscraper.
To Speak at Coliseum -
This afternoon he will bo taken for
an automobile ride of Chicago's
boulevard system. Tonight he will ad
dress a mass meeting at the Coliseum.!
Mrs. Fred Upham; wife of the Illi
nois national committeeman formed the
head of a party of women who greeted
Mrs. Hughes. The candidate's wife
will have a busy day too.
Only just started in bis campaigning
for the highest office in tho land,
hughes today 'had Already . developed
an almost Rooseveltian vocabulary of
denunciation and of aphorism. Some
of his epigrams coined so far are:
"The democratic party is a party
for votes only."
''The democratic party came up to
the protection tax like a skittish horse
approaching a brass band.
"We are entitled to t standing army
without taking men out of civil lite,
as in tiie Mexican mobilization, just
as much as a city is entitled to proper
police protection."
"The militarv problem is a problem
of good sense.''
"There's no danger of our going to
war unless the o'her side knows that
'we're too proud to fight'."
"The best way of making for effi
ciency is bv making for contentment."
Not "Cold" Just Now
It is a libel, this story that Hughes
is "cold." No human being could
have perspired any mere than the for
mer justice of the supreme court has
done since iie left Bridgehauipton on
Saturday for his first trial of presi
dential campaigning. Just the same
the nominee sticks to his white vest
aiuV the wing collars he affects. The
collars wilt and drop over, but Hughes
just grins underneath his beard by
the way, it was trimmed this morning
by one of the useful boys in the pri
vate car and now distinctly reveals
the grin and goes right niiead.
r.vervbodv with whom the nominee
comes in contact is interested in Mrs.
Hughes. The story from Itridgehatnp-
ton that she is carrying only one hat on
the trip was a base canard. It is re
liably stated that there are nt least
three. I'p to date Mrs. Hughes has
worn two different ones botii durk,
but tastv looking.
Mrs. Hughes is determined she will)
not accept social engagements during
the tour. The governor regards her
as one of his best advisors.
Is In Fine Trim
Wlien Roosevelt campaigned four
vears ago be took along a throat spe
cialist, a number Of boxes of lozenges
for hoarseness and a can or two of ox-
vgen for revival purposes, apparently.!
Governor Hughes lias a physician along
but there aren t any throat lozenges
nor any tanks of oxygen cluttering up
the rear platform of the private car.
He doesn t need tiiem. The former
governor has a remarkably clear voice.
licuig on the nencn for some time has
curtailed v his gestures considerably.
When he was governor of New York he
used to have unite a n amber of hand
swiugs to emphasize the points in his
addresses. Now his favorite one is a
sort of reversed uppercut into an out
stretched palm. He nsed it to ram
home most of the emphatic portions of
his .speeches, lie has very little else
in the way of air blows.
(Continued on Paf PeTen.)
Berne, Aug. ' 8. The Berlin
Tngeblatt announces . that the
German submarine Bremon,
which was to have arrived at an
American port, has been sunk
through an accident to her ma
chinery, according to a dispatch
received here this afternoon.
Baltimore, Md., Aug. 8 When
- shown the dispatch from Berne
today : stating the super-sub-submarine
Bremen, sister ship.
- of the Deutschland had been
sunk, Henry H. Hilken, heal of
the Kastern Forwarding com-
fiany, local agents of the sub-sea
ine here said the report is ' ' pos
sibly true."
- HilKcn said local agents of
"the under sea line had no know
ledge when the Bremen had
sailed for America, nor had they
received any word from her
since sailing.
Harry Barron Hurries to
Head Off Both When They
Reach San Francisco .
Tncoma, Wash., Aug. 8. If the train
on which Harry Barron is hurry
ing southward reaches Ban Francisco
before the steamer Admiral Schley
docks there today, lively "doings"
will be in order, according to the prom
ise mnde by the Barron before depart
ing from Tacoma.
Aboard the steamer are William
O'Neill, a wealthy business man of
Oakland, and his daughter, Marie, who
also is Airs, riarron.
According to the story Barron told
Deputy Prosecuting Attorney Thomp
son, fntner-in-iaw U'iNeill, a total
stranger to him, invaded his apartments
here, swatted the said Barron in the
eye and then there made off with the
Following this exciting episode, Bar
ron swonj ,ut a warrant for O'Neill is
arrest, charging the latter with the
larceny of a fbOO diamond ring which
Barron claims his wife gave him. Be
fore the warrant could be served, how
ever, O'Neill and his daughter had
boarded the Admiral Schley aad were on
their way to California.
Barron is said to have met Miss
O'Neill early in July. It was a case of
love at first sight for on July 10 they
were married in Aberdeen and shortly
after, came to Tacoma.
Nothing Heard from
Maine Submarine
Boston, Mass., Aug. 8. After nn all
night vigil by watchers along the coast
from Eustport to Bostoa, the antici
pated arrival of another German mer
chant submarine failed to materialize
early today. Following the report Of
Lowell W. Dunn, lookout at Cross Is
land, that ho had observed two sub
marines rise to tiie surface ami thea
submerge, the entire eoust of New Film
land was stirred to watchfulness.
It was expected that if Dunn's re
port was true, the mysterious craft
would have been seen ngam or turned
into n. port along the Muine const, it
was believed today.
Both f'ortsmoutll and Charlestown
navy yards were insistent that no
United States submarines were in
Muine waters ami u high official of
the IVure River Ship Yards declared
that there were no lirltish submarines
in Canadian waters that might stray
dwon the Maine const.
French Have New
and Deadly Shell
Fiiris, July 25. (l!y mail) A new
shell that breaks into two thousand
pieces when exploded has just been put
into service and is expected to give the
French artillerymen a leadership that
will probably not be overtaken in this
war. Whether the new explosives nre
being used in the Soinme offensive is
not known.
For months the French have been
exHriineuting to get a shell of the
highest fragmentation. This new shell
is believed to answer the problem.
"If you can get a piece of shell as
big as the point of a pin head into the
liver of an enemy soldier you've put
him out,' ' said a French artilleryman.
Karly in the war, the Germans seek
ing high fragmentation are believed
to have tried glass shells. The Ger !
mans, however, discovered that glass
was powdered by the high explosive
and rendered harmless as a missile.
I.a Grande, Ore., Aug. 8. Deafness
was ascribed today as the cause of A.
Nash being killed by a locomotive near
I.a Grande. Nash was walking between
the tracks when the train approached.
While the whistle shrieked and brakes
were applied, he strolled calmly ahead,
finally stepping squarely into the pnth
of the ccrushing engine.
About 94 Per Cent of Railway
Trainmen Vote in Favor '
of It .
Situation Deadlocked Time
Given Railroads to Con
sider Situation
New York, Aug. 8. About ninety
four per cent of the railway trainmen
affiliated with the four brotherhoods
have voted in favor of a strikn, it was
formally announced here today lifter
the vote had boen tabulut!,
The vote represents tho decision of
about 400,000 railway .imployes f 250
roads with a mileage nf about 2"n,000,
or practically evory line iu the United
Stntes. By an overwhelming inaioritv
members of the other tjree employes'
organizations rillied to the support of
the brukeoieii who demanded tn eight
hour day and time nn I ons Inlf for
Tho result of the vote was nnuunc-
ed today when heads of tl.tf four broth
erhoods met with representee. ves of the
railroads in tiie rooms of the r.uirineer-
ing society. Conforees representing the
two sides tlien went tnti l lengthy dis
cussion of the attitude taken by the
W. S. Stones, represent'nij he !occ
motive engineers brothe'ho-1. e'liur.nc
od that 0H,72 per cent of the engineers
in the southwestern district had voted
in favor of a strike if the demands of
the brotherhood of trainmen are not
met. ' In the western district 90.3.1 r ir
cent or the engineers favored a strike.
in tho eastern district SM.64 per cent
voted: for a -strike. '
Vote Almost Unanimous
W. S. Carter, head of the fireinens
organization, announced that 08.1 per
cent of his men had east their ballots
in favor of a strike A number of non
union men balloted with the union
firemen, he said, and a total of 70,053
firemen were represented in the ballot.
w. U. I.ee, head of the trammens
brotherhood, announcd a vote of B7 per
cent in ravor of a strike. The ballots
of 1,400 trainmen were delayed in ar
rival but tiie count represented the ver
dict of 120,108 employes, he ssid.
i'resulent A. B. Uarretson of the con
luctora organization, announced that
about B5 per cent of the 3446 men
who voted, favored a strike. They were
divided as follows:
Western district 84.S per cent.
Kastern district 84.8 per cent.
Southern district 03.4 per cent
After listening to the results of the
vote Lee was asked by Garretson as
spokesman for the employes whether
he hnd any definite proposition to
make. I.ee replied he bad nothing to
say, bud no authority to make any of
fer of any kind and that there was
nothing to do but adjourn and nllow
representdtives of the omploycrs to dis
cuss the results of the vote. The con
ference will convene again at ten
o'clock tomorrow morning.
No Strike at Present
New York, Aug. 8. Presidents of
the four railroad brotherhoods and rep
resentatives of the 2!.'5 railroads af
fected by the railway employes de
mands, met here today to listen to the
results of the so-called strifce vote, in
volving 400,000 men. it is generally
known more than ninety per cent of
the men have voted to strike unless
the deniunds for an eight hour basiu
day anil time and one half for over
time nre granted.
Hepresentatives of both employers
ami employes say there is little possi
bility of an immediate strike even
though the situation ts apparently
deadlocked. Although the Switchmens
Cnijn of North Ameri.:i asked for help
from the I'nited States board of medi
ation, officers of tiie four brotherhoods
have not taken kindly to any sugges
tion of government aid in arbitration.
Kenresentatives of the employes today
declared tho men were dissatist'id with
the recent awards of the arbitration
boards and not with the theory itself.1;
The employes have publicly announced
opposition to the proposal tliut the in
terstate commerce commissioa invnu-
gnte the controversy. It is contended
that the commission is not equipped io
iiandle the situation aid has no power
of settling wnge disputes.
Southern Pacific Prepares
flan 'Francisco, Aug. 8. Continuing
preparations for meeting the threaten
ed strike of railroad trainmen, the
Southern Pacific has notified all of its
pensioned employes that iu case nf a
strike, they will be called upon to aid.
Kefusul to serve will cause cancella
tion of pension. Noti- e has also been
sent to emploves in line for pensions,
warning them that to strike means a
forfeiture of pension rights.
The biggest plan being carried out
today, however, by the Southern I'a
etic. is the sounding cf the sentiment
of all of its men. Letters hav been
Willing To Go Before Country
with Mexico As Principal
. Issue
This Will Be the Contention b
Notification of Wilson of .
His Nomination
By Robert J. .Bender .
' (United Press staff correspondent) ,.
Washington, Aug. 8. President Wit
son will accept Mexico as the campaign
issue if Republican Candidate Hughe
aad his followers continue to indicate,
they desire to fight lor the presidency
on this question.
This was tho. declaration Of tho
close to the president foday. President
Wilson has agreed to open the demo
cratic campaign around September
first, regardless of congress. Septem
ber 2 haB been agreed upon as the data
for Wilson 's. notification, but should it
appear, evident that congress will con
tinue in session until well in Septem
ber the president may make his speech,
of acceptance the last week in August.
This rally call for the democrats b
now practically completed. The first
draft has been made.. It will contain
about four thousand words. Senator
01 lie James, who will officially notify
the president of his renominatibn will
emphasize the contention that a "unit
ed nation" stands behind the president
While Hughes' campaign tour- may
develop necessary changes from time, to
time iu the president's address, the fea
tures which, will be most strongly put
forth, according to tm) present draff,
ini'luile: ;
The policy of this country toward
Mexico and other South Americm re
publics. . . f
Plans for continuing industrial fTtir
paredness to meet thj economic situa
tion facing the country after the- wnr
The course of the administration in
maintaining peace. .''
'A resume of the legislation offered
and passed by a democratic congress
what it already has done and wVit it
is-expected to do In meeting-tho un
usual business conditions faci'lg tli
country. - ' '
What tno administration offers ti
bor. - . . . . i
Mexico Willing to J
Include All Subjects
By Carl D. Groat
(United Press staff correspondent)
'Washington, Aug. 8, Tho firtit i-U
rect notice that Mexico 1b willing to
includo other subjects than military
matters In the coming coufer'Aie. was
given to Acting Secretary of Star
Polk today by Mexican Ambassador
Arredoinlo. Ho told Polk tho de lacto
government desires merely that the
military status be put ahead of other
matters, because of th-i "more immedi
ately pressing" nature of the army
sent to each man, asking his intention
in case or a striae, aim uegmning w
.in., thnnn fiiilintr in iinswcr are beinir
summoned to personally explain before
division otticiais.
lPnni.linnt nrC hfiV.i't bllilb at tllU-
nels, and similar construction work in
dicates strike preparations, aunouKi
the company says mcse
planned for some time.
San Francisco, Aug. 8. W. R. Scott,
vice-president and general manager of
the Southern Pacific this afternoon de
nied the Southern Pacifie had issue or-
a. ..nr.,;,ttn,i Aiimlnvcs that their
must rosumo their duties with the rail
road in the event of a striae, or ios
their pensions,
Scott stntes, However, mai -now
employed are all aware that in cas
they go on strike, they forfeit their
rights to pensions upon retirement.
The government oi tm iuiu -
ployed a Japanese expert to conduct an
extensive campaign to increase the tic
production throughout that republic.
Oregon: Tair
tonight and Wed
nesday except
showers tonight
or Wednesday
northwest por
tion, cooler to
night . interior
southwest por
tion; southwest
erly winds. -ti
im ii i ttnat