Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, August 05, 1916, Image 4

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    Editorial Page of "The Capital Journal"
August 5, ll'lii.
Editor and Manager.
Capital Journal Ptg. Co., Inc.
Sec. and Treat.
Daily by carrier, per year . $5.00 Per month
Daily by mail, per year . 3.00 Per mouth
Kew York, Ward-Lewis-Williams Special Agency, Tribune Building
Chicago, V. H. Stockwel 1, People 'f Gas Building.
The Capital Journal carrier boys are instructed to put the papers on the
porta. If the carrier does not do this, misses you, or neglects gcttitng tho
aper to yon on time, kindly phoue the circulation manager, aa this is the only
way we can determine whether or not the carriers are following instructions.
Phot Main 81 beforo 7:;i0 o'clock an d a puper will be eent you by special
messenger if the carrier has missed you.
In the dispatches yesterday concerning the impending
strike of the railroad brotherhoods occurs this paragraph:
"The railroads and the National Chamber of Commerce
had requested an investigation of the whole wage sub
ject. The brotherhoods opposed this on the ground that
the strike was purely a matter between themselves and
the road officials." If the brotherhoods are as wrong in
their contentions as they are in this view of the matter,
they have no case at all. In some strikes this might be
true, but in this case it is far from it. The railroads are
public utilities on which the entire people of the United
States rely. The public is therefore not only as much in
terested in the matter as the railroads or brotherhoods,
but in a larger degree. Railroad transportation is an
absolute necessity to the life of the nation. It is a neces
sity to the lives of the people. Without it, barring all the
interference with business and the tremendous financial
losses that would follow its stoppage, the lives of the peo
ple depend upon it. The larger cities would in a short
time be without food supplies, fuel and all other neces
saries of life. Within twenty four hours the lives of
thousands of babies would be endangered through depriv
ation of the usual milk supply. The sick and the dying
would ask in vain for the presence of loved ones. In
That little word "not" has caused much trouble in
newspaper offices, and more profanity than great over
grown sesquipedalion words big enough to absorb it and
not know it. It represents to the newspaper force what
the letter "H" does to the cockney, for it has a habit of
dropping out of the place where it should be located, and
bobbing up smiling and ready for business where its
presence is an insult, an abomination, almost a crime.
Whether it drops out or sneaks in, the result is the same.
for it makes the editor or news writer say exactly the
opposite of what he intended. Year after year reporters
are driven to proianity and editors, who seldom swear,
to emphatic objurgation in dynamic language.
When the editor painstakingly writes an entirely new
and profoundly interesting dissertation on the tariff, for
instance, he peruses the proof with careful eye and fear
ful forebodings. He inserts a comma here, marks a typo
graphical error there, cuts out a capital letter, and marks
the wrong position of a space band, and then he turns it
over to the linotype operator for correction. Then that
soul-disturbing "not" either drops out, or sneaks in when
the operator isn't looking and after the paper is out "the
editor sees the cherished child of his weary brain going
back on its parent and making him indorse things his soul
abhors, until in sheer desperation he goes around to
where the saloons used to be, and gazing at the pink and
yellow things now behind the counters vainly wishes
things were different from what they are. We are taking
chances in this, mourntul ditty on that little, mean, sneak
ing "not;" for by the time its heart throbs get into print,
those three measly, ornery little letters will make us out a
liar, and never stutter in finding the proper place to
sneak in and accomplish their fell purpose.
Picked from' a recent issue of the
Saturday Evening Post: "A pessimist
is a person who is married to an optimist.
Iast chance to see the Snlem "Mi
kado" company tonight.. People's pop
ular prices prevail.
Hop conditions arc favorable. But
this must not be construed as an argu
ment in favor of toadyism.
A youngster brings in new tlint the
bathing beach is-more popularer all the
time and thut 's going some.
The vacation idea appears
spread to the penitentiary. .
to have
uinm uiiiikj
The Oregonian says of the speaking at the Baker
theater at Portland Friday night when Mr. Watson of
Indiana "opened the campaign" for Hughes that "he put
those present in the best of humor by a display of his ex
traordinary wit." A careful perusal of the write-up fails
to show any evidence of wit. Mr. Watson however did
state that "since Mr. Hughes went on the supreme bench
his decisions had always shown keen judgment, a pro
found knowledge of great affairs and a deep sense of
justice." Maybe this statement is what the reporter
77 "&V vrinnAAnnn 1 , 1 17 T a called "extraordinary wit." If so he fails to distinguish
short a nation of 100,000,000 people would be left stranded hpTWP(m wi, aH hn Wh:o nni. uf T.7"
and thrown back a century in means of communication
Even the autos could not be relied on for local service for
, there would soon be a shortage of gasoline.
It is the nation interested, not the parties to the dis
' pute. It is for the latter and each of them, to settle their
quarrel in a manner that does not interfere with the
rights of neutrals. The same principle is involved that
cropped up in the dispute over submarine warfare. The
United States stands in the same relation to the quarrel
ling parties that it did to the submarines. It did not un
dertake to stop this kind of warfare but insisted that it
be conducted in such a manner as not to endanger the lives
of neutrals.
! The brotherhoods strike is in the nature of the sub-
marine war. The United States does not undertake to
say that strikes shall not exist, but it will insist that they
be carried oh in such a manner that the lives of Americans
are not endangered. If the brotherhoods can fire a tor
pedo into the railroads in such a way that American lives
are not endangered or neutral business destroyed, it will
not interfere; but governments are for the protection of
the whole people and ours will not stand idly by while the
people are starved as the result of a quarrel between
Both the railroads and the railroad employes have a
duty to perforin to the public, and it is up to both to set
tle their troubles in such a manner as not to interfere
Willi mat ijuuiiv o iigin-o.
We are not pretending to pass judgment on the merits
of the dispute, but simply to call attention to what both
disputants owe to the balance of the country.
The brotherhoods owe it to themselves and to their
order to see to it that that order does not become an in
jury to their fellow citizens. Should wiser counsels be
ignored and the strike be carried out, a blow will be
struck at unionism from which it is extremely doubtful if
it ever recovers. No order can exist without public senti
ment behind it. Unionism now has the sympathy and
support of a majority of the people of the United States.
Can any one believe that sympathy will survive business
disaster? the deaths of countless babies? hunger and the
hundreds of miseries that will certainly follow the pro
posed strike? Disaster can be brought on the country
once in this manner, but it is a moral certainty that steps
will be taken to provide against its repetition. It may
mean the taking over of the railroads by the government.
It may mean something else, but it will surely mean some
thing that will prevent the recurrence of the strike if it
between wit and humor. While not agreeing with him
about the wit, we are in hearty accord with the extra
ordinary quality of Mr. Watson's statements. Was the
decision about the Danbury Hatters an evidence of his
deep sense of justice? Was the decision of the Oregon
California land grant cases an evidence of his "profound
knowledge of great affairs and keen judgment?" Or
was this an example of his "deep sense of justice?"
The open season for campaign orators begins Monday
with political spell-binders oiling up their jawbones,
greasing their elbows, polishing their speeches and hunt
ing alliterative sentences with which to embellish their
arguments, and capture the elusive but sometimes senti
mental voter. The voter whose patriotism is aroused, as
Roosevelt so well knew, by thite true things about the old
flag, our glorious common wealth, Lincoln, Washington,
Jackson, unflinching Americanism and all that, all of
which all of us know and believe, but which these
"orators" spring as their own discoveries and private
property. It is really a pity that the open season for
Campaign orators, is not like that for deer with the bag
limit removed.
According to records in the office of
the secretary of stute, the state has ex
pended ji4,4!M!,5!i".77 of the total legis
lative appropriation of (i.lii7,S47.2S in
the first lii months of the biennial per
iod ending December 31, 1910. Amounts
expended from the industrial accident
fund and other special funds increase
the total of state expenditure to $fi,0PU,
541.35. A sum somewhat in excess of
$300,000 is required monthly to oper
ate the state of Oregon.
The receipts of the state industrial
commission for the month of July were
the highest in the history of the com
mission $93,M50.U1.
When the Celilo canal was in course
of construction the tate strung a tele
phone wire from Big Eddy to The
Dalles, using the Pacific Telephone &
Telegraph company's poles. To avoid
paying rental on 180 poles at 10 cents
each, the state, tarough .Secretary Guod
in of the board of control, has sent to
the company a check for 17'cents, its
share of the earnings of the line for
the year. The total number of calls reg
istered over the line was one.
The Rural Credits law, the objects and workings of
which are told in an article in today's Capital Journal,
should be read not only by every farmer, but by every
citizen. It is the most important law placed on the
statute books in recent years, and marks the beginning
of a new era. It is enacted to give the. farmer a square
deal, and to permit him to get money for carrying on his
business, with the same ease the business man can secure
loans. The Capital Journal will undertake to analyze
it later. '
The first steps were taken yesterday
iu the direction of employment by the
state of an expert aurist and oculist.
Superintendent Moore of the school for
the blind states that about two-thirds
of the pupils in the institution of which
he is the head can see a little, and he
believes it possible to restore complete
vision in mnnv eose-s, and Superinten
dent Tillinghast of the mute school is
of the opiuiou that expert treatment
might restore the hearing of a number
of his pupils. The board of control has
authorized these gentlemen to investi
gate with a view of ascertaining the
cost of an eye and ear specialist by the
IjWiss Kramer Resigns
After 11 Years service
After 22 years' service as teacher in
the public schools of Snlem, Miss Em
ma Kramer presented her resignation
Inst evening to the board of education.
The expressed opinion of the members
of the board was that Miss Kramer was
one of the most efficient teachers in the
city and that the resignation should be
accepted with regrets.
In retiring temporarily from teaching.
Miss Kramer did . not want any recom
mendations, but just a memorandum of
her services in the city schools.
Miss Milam also presented her resig
nation, which was accepted. On the
recommendation of Superintendent John
. load, .Miss Bmler of the Lincoln
junior high school, will be transferred
to the Washington junior hiL'h school.
Other changes will bring Miss Campbell i
or tuc Kielimoiid school to the Lincoln
junior high in Miss Bailey's room and
Miss Austin to the Richmond school.
Miss Gertrude Rosehe was elected to
the position vacated by Miss Austin.
Iu a general discussion of the erec
tion of the frame one-story building on
the grounds of the three junior high
schools it was decided to take the mat
ter up njjnin at a special meeting cull
ed for Thursday evening ns one member
of the board. Hurley O. White, was
absent Inst night.
iu the case 0f Hoy I'ngh vs. Mux
(iehlhar, county clerk, D. (.;. Dinger,
county treasurer. W. M. Bushev. coun
ty judye. and W. H. timdet and J. T.
Beckwith. county commissioners, that
the order heretofore entered dismissing
this proceeding be put aside, and that
plaintiff is to have ten days iu which
to file his amended petition for a writ
of mandamus, and that the clerk issue
a second amended writ of ninndnnius
bused upon second amended petition,
plaintiff to have five days additional
in which to serve second amended
and Back
$2. 75
Every Day of the Week
$2 Sat. & Sun.
a comfortable ride on
all steel cars.
a quick ride on well
ballasted track.
your choice of seven
trains each way.
convenient hour of
arrival and departure.
Our local agent can
explain many other
reasons why you should
use the
General Passenger Agent
Jn the decree of divorce given the
plaintiff in Judge Calloway's court in
the case of May Johns vs. Paul Johns,
noted iu this column yesterday, the
plaintiff is given custody of tho minor
children and is allowed 10 n mouth
from the defendant toward their support.
New Today ads in the Journal
will be read in all live Marion
county homes.
p went ricwon
Governor YVithyeombe today appoint
ed MisMarguerite E. Howotson, of
Portland? ns a member of the state in
dustrial welfare commission, to succeed
Miss Bertha E. Moores, of Portland,
resigned. Miss Howatsou's appoint
ment becomes effective imemdintely
and expires January 1, 1W10. .
The industrial welfare commission
consists of three members and a secre
tary elected by the members of the com
mission. This commission has the pow
er to ascertain and declare standards
of hours for employment for women
and minors, stuudurds. of conditions of
labor for women or for minors, stand
ards of inimum wages for women, in
any occupation, and standards of mini
mum wages for minors in any occupation.
Articles of incorporation were filed
nt the corporation department this
morning by the Motor Parts company
of Portland, capitalized for $20,000.
A total of 247 accidents were report
ed to the stute industrial accident com
mission for the week ending August 3.
One only was fatal. Of the total num
ber reported, li'S were subject to the
workmen's compensation act, 19 were
from public utility cohrporations, and
.10 were from firms and corporations
which have rejected the act.
In August heat is at its worst; the sun roasts' on, with
zeal accurst; all brown and wilted is the grass, the sky
looks like a sheet of brass. Oh, August always hits me
hard, for I am well eaurorjed with larrl- T
scored two hundred in the shade, when last
I had my person weighed. And as I sizzle
in the warmth, I wish I had a slender
formth. My neighbor, Wilkins, has no fat;
he s lean and limber as a cat, and in the
burning August days, serene and cool he
goes his ways; no wilted collar on his neck,
he likes to see the heat on deck. He doesn't
nave to mop a brow that drizzles sweat, as
I do now. I envy him his lanky shape, but
.-.J, wi iuca no escape. Ana, as 1
envy, comes a thought with hope and consolation fraught.
Full soon the wintry winds will blow; there'll be all kinds
of ice and snow and then, while freezing Wilkins shakes,
the fat man who in August bakes, will calmly view the
bitter storm, by his own store of grease kept warm. Thus
things are balanced on this earth, and, reconciled to am
ple girth, I tell the sun to go ahead, and paint the solar
system red.
LADD & BUSH, Bankers
Established 1863
CAPITAL - - - - - $500,000.00
Transact a General Banking Business
Safety Deposit Boxes
(Continued from Tnge 1.)
cribable to his heavy losses."
Another official statement issued at
Verdun vesterdav follows:
in the region west of Kialkit. A Turk
ish attack near Kygi was repulsed.
All Attacks Repulsed.
Berlin, Aug. S. British troops lost
heavily in an unsuccessful attempt to
advance in the sector north of Ovillers
and iu Fourcnux forest, the war of-
weeks of hard work. Mr. Morgan, who
lives on route eight, says he got so tired
of berries that at times he was almost
tempted to do what he was watching to
see that his pickers didn't do go be
hind a bush and rest.
As an example of what can be done
picking berries in a short .time, Peter
i -Mertuot nncl his witc, who live down
j the river about six miles, made $7i.00
I iu 1(5 days. About t.00 of this was
made by their two little children. The
i ami iv is leenng pienseu wito tne Te
On the Trout of General Ters.tytm- "oe announced this afternoon. Jr: I
renr 1'ozieres a new battle has de-1,' "' i"''S:
uruirB iui uuirr jvuue. jie nus a rive
acre tract and is going to put out a half
acre of berries on it next season.
' , , : . , ' . i veloped, the British launching fresh at
combat, repulsed a Russmu attack. Aujtn,.kli- South of Maurepas. in the re
Austrian flyer Wednesday shot down a'gion north of the Somme, a French ad
rurimui biplane.
"The situation on the Italian front
is unchanged. On the Isouzo front
ihere was livetv enemv artillery fire."
. Austrians Fight Back.
Petrograd, Aug. S. The Austrian
took the initiative both iu Galicia and
uu the Bukowina fruutier yesterday nurl
launched heavy counter attacks against
the Russians, it was officially an
nounced today.
Iu Bukowinn, ait Austrian force esti
mated nt nearly a division Stacked
vanco was repulsed.
tin the Veuluu front bitter fighting
is going on iu the region of the Thiau
mout work.
Chats With Farmers
J. B. Simpson, who lives near Fruit
land, tells a Capital Journal represen
tative that he raised last year four
tons and 400 pounds of beans on an acre
and a half of ground. For the four
tons he received from the cauuery $45
a ton, and old the balance at two
Joe iferthof and his wife, living
neighbors to the Peter Merthof family,
made 7l.75 during the picking season.
Iu this same neighborhood one young !
girl made $23 and another made $33. i
small Kiissian detnchuieiits occupying) cents a pound. This made a total of
tne mountain passes southwest of Kuty. $1S8 from the acre and a half, a result
in the region of the Kiver Toheromoch. so gratifying that this year he has
The Russians were compelled to with-i eight acres planted to beans, and the
draw a little to the northeast before I outlook is excellent for a heav-v erop.
superior enemy forces. ) Mr. tsimpsoii 's experiment with beans
South of Brody, obstinate fighting has has passed the experimental stage. There
, developed along the River Sereth. Ann-1 is a emaller element of risk in beans
tnun forces attacked Russian detach-. than in almost anv other erop. He ex-
I me ma which had crossed the river ir peets to plant SO' acres to beans next
the region of Peniaki and Schistopady year.
', but were repulsed. ' ' -
On the Caucasus front Russian de-1 The berrr picking season is practical-
Itachments advauced several kilometers ly over, after a steady stretch of five
State House News t
A marriage license was issued this
morning to Jacob T Mishler, aged 70.
of Hubbard, and Effie Hostetler, aged
57, of. Silver Creek Falls.
The Nation's
Butter Nut
There Is No Better
Aranthus E. Thomas of Scotts Mills
has taken out a civil war veteran's
license to fish and huut. A huuter's
license has been issued to Murray L.
Hart of Salem, and an angler's license
to v'hss. R. lwan of Arliugtoa.
Judge Calloway has issued aa order
Always Watch This Ad Changes Often
Btrictly cornet weight, aqnar, 4eai Md rice,
rZZ ' " "d ,B 1 W per pound for aid no.
Bit Itoek Of ill Bin 1 r a "r "a
"" na Douauigi, Booting paper
oomgatat 7
eeoad Und
H. Steinback"Junk"Co.
Tha Eoom of Half a Million Barm,.
108 North Commercial It