Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, August 02, 1916, Image 1

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Brive Wed 'till Further Between Them at Kovel Believed
Slavs have Possession of All Four Railroads Leading to
.Lemberg From the East-On Western Front Desperate
'f Fighting Results in Little ChangeFrench Claim Gains
' Petrograd, Aug. 2. The Russian wedge separating
the Austrian and German forces was thrust still further
forward today. Not only has the separation been virtu
ally accomplished but todayunofficial advices here indi
cated rapid progress of the movement from the south
enveloping Kovel. Although official statements were
silent, military experts here believed that the terminus of
the one remaining railroad line to Lemberg at Stojanof
had probably fallen before the Russian advance north
wst of Brody. The four railway routes to the Galician
city from the east to the west would, in that case, all be
in Russian hands.
Brody's capture gave the czar's forces command of
the terminus of the main tap line; the terminus of an
other is in Russian hands and runs from Tarnopol, and
the third, running northwest from Kolomea, has been
tapped north of that city. Utilization of these and other
railroad lines in Galicia will greatly aid the Russians in
their advance. Floods still are hampering operations, but
the spirit of the Russian troops is so high that they make
light of such obstacles as marshy lands, swollen rivers
and rains.
Paris, Aug. 2. French onslaught
have won additional ground from the
Germans both north and south of the
Somme, according to the official com
munique today.
A ()e, man gain after many successful
attacks, was admitted in Vauxchapler
' wood, but the enemy's losses were said
to be heavy.
. "North of the Somme we captured a
powerful fortified work between Hem
and Monacu, " the statement declared.
"South of the fiomme we occupied a
German trench northwest of Denscourt,
imprisoning several.
''In the Champagne zone west of
Aubrives, Russian reconnoisance forces
charged and dispersed a German detach
ment at the point of the bayonet.
"On the right bank of the Meuse,
along the Vauxchapler and Le Chenois
front, a violent struggle continued all
nigllV After many unsuccessful at
tacks, in most of which asphyxiating
gases were used, the Germans gained a
little ground in Vauxchapler wood. They
were elsewhere repulsed. The German
losses were heavy. One hundred prison
ers 'fell into the hands of the French."
Oh the Momme front there was extra
ordinary air activity. The communique
mentioned 33 aerial combats by French
airmen over the German lines. One Ger
man aeroplane, attacked by two Nieu
ports, fell in flames. Fourteen other
German machines were obliged to land
badly damaged.
' German Story of Say.
Berlin, Aug. 2. Repulse of all allied
attacks along the Flanders' front ex
cept on the high road between Man
court and Clery, where completely de
molished Gorman trenches were occu
pied, was announced in the war office
statement today.
In this gain of destroyed German
trenches the statement said the enemy
'lost heavily.
"English patrols were particularly
active in the Ypres sector," the state
ment asserted, "but were everywhere
"In the Somme sector, around Maure
pas the enemy in the evening vnisly
attacked our lines with strong forces
following their sanguinary defeat at
Th feller that puts a rubber band
around his pocketbood never pays over
a quarter fer his dinner. Uur Commer
cial club has advertised fer a cigarmak-
r that kin play a clarinet an' make a
municipal gas plant pay.
Monacu farm through our qniek counter
"South of the Somme local fighting
was in progress near Belloy and Ka
trees. "
Progress in German counter attaVs
was also reported in the statement.;.-,
"On the right of the Meuse we pro
gressed northwest of the Thiaumont
woods. We captured a hill salient to
the northfest of Souville fort, pressing
back the enemy considerably. We took
942 un wounded prisoners and 14 ma
chine guns."
Hand to Hand Fighting.
London, Aug. 2. British troops are
still grappling in hand to hand com
bat with Germans around Pozieres, but
are gaining, according to General Dong
las Haig's report from the front to
day. During the night the British com
mander in ckief said additional progress
had been made along hostile trenches
east of Pozieres. ' There he said, the
fighting is in "close quarters between
small detachments" and is still in pro
gress. Hostile counter attacks yesterday ev
ening against trenches west of High
wood failed to penetrate in view of the
heavy artillery fire of the British.
Dutch Steamer Sunk.
London, Aug. 2. The Dutch steamer
Zealand was submarined during the
night. The crew was landed safely at
South fshields. They asserted the Ger
man submarine's captain had boasted
to them that he had sunk five ships
prior to torpedoing the Zealand.
The Zealand was a steel steamer of
1,295 tons registered at Rotterdam. She
was 231 feet in length.
Evans Houston Cot the Habit
on Capital Journal and
Can't Avoid News
(Capital Journal Special Service.)
Palm City, Cal., July 2S. A former
Salem resident was discovered by a
stout detachment this afternoon on an
expedition to the border. W. H. Holder
ness, a nephew of Samuel Holderness,
one of the original pioneers who voted
for the Union at Champoeg, is living on
the Tia Juana river within a stone's
throw of the international line. ..W. H.
Holderness is a prosperous farmer and
dairyman and has lived on the border
for the past 30 years. -
Lute Savage, who was a member of
the scouting body, was haled by Mr.
Holderness. who asked if there were any
Salem men in the detachment.
Samuel Holderness was well known
among the early Marion county resi
dents, where he lived for many years.
One of his daughters was the wife of
Dr. W. H. Byrd of Nalem. Samuel
Holderness made his last trip to Salem
in the early nineties. He returned to
Mexico City where he died soon after.
I Michigan stands first- among the
i states for the production of salt, ranks
second for iron and third for copper.
Chicago, Aug. 2. Wheat
jumped terrifically on the lo-
cal market today. September
closed at $1.30 5-8, a gain of
5 3-8 cents for the day and .
6 1-2 cents over last night 's
close. December closed at
$1.31 3-8, a day's gain of 4 3-8
cents and Bix cents over last
night's close. Crop damage stor-
ies from Canada and the United
States northwest caused the'
, jump. September wheat closed
up 9.3-8 cents over Saturday's
close. December wheat was up
9 3-4 cents in the three days'
4c market.
Secrecy Is Maintained In In
terests of Justice Says
Sau Francisco, Aug. 2. Seven indict
ments charging first degree murder
were returned at noon today in the San
Francisco suit case dynamiting case.
Five named Warren Iv. Billings, Thomas
Mooney, Mrs. Rena Mooney, Israel
Weinburg and Edwant Nolan and two
were John Doe true bills. Each indict
ment contained eight counts one for
each of eight victims of the outrage.
There were only eight counts in the
iiidictmeuts because District Attorney
Fickert did not consider that Adam
Fox, an aged man, was a direct victim
of the bomb.
The indictments were returned in Su
perior Judge Cabaniss' court.
Before the indictments were returned
in various preliminary hearings connect
ed with the case, Judge Cabuniss indi
cated that the five accused persons will
be tried simultaneously in separate
courts. This indication, was given in
a tentative ruling, during the proceed
ings in which Billings, and Nolan ap
Assistant District Attorney James
Jtsrennnn said the prosecution might fa
vor se'parate trials for the defendants
ana Judge Cabaniss tentatively agreed
to the suggestion.
Israel Weinburg also appeared in po
lice court today on the formal charge
of murder filed a few days ago. Po
lice Judge Sullivan put the formal ar
raignment ocver until Friday. Wein
burg's attorneys strenuously objected to
tne aeiay.
The same secrecy which has surround
ed the police investigation . since its
outset continued today. No important
details of the network of evidence in
which the prosecutor declares the sus
pects have been enmeshed were given
out, but Fickert and Assistant District
Attorney ttrennan scmilcd tneir confi
dence when questioned today.
It was learned that Fickert made an
impassioned plea to the grand jurors
to assist tne authorities by not insist
ing upon revelation of all the evidence,
assuring the men that it was necessary
for the ends of justice to withhold
much of it at this time.
During the session of the grand jury,
the stillness of the hall of justice was
broken by strains of music from a vio
lin in the hands of Mrs. Moonef, The
woman, an accomplished musician, thus
passed tne long, weary hours ot wait
ing and the cadences of "Traumerei"
and other pathetic airs floated through
the corridors, bringing tears to the eyes
or many a hardened prisoner.
Rumors that some new sensational
steps, involving a person of even more
importance than those now held in cue
tody, could not be confirmed early to
day. Two additional suspects were de
tained during the ni-'lit but were re
leased when they convinced the. poliee
that thiy had no connection with the
iSix Convicts Escape
From Flax Camp Today
Six convicts escaped from the flax
camp northeast of the city at about 1
o'clock this morning. They are.
Eddie Bell, committed from Mult
nomah countv January, 1915, for lar
ceny from a dwelling, sentence 1 to 7
C. J. Griffith, committed from Mai
heur county in September, 1914, for
larceny of a horse sentence 1 to 10
C. D. Jones, committed from Hood
Siver county in October, 1914, for
burglary, sentence 2 to 5 years.
John Smith, committed from Hood
River county in October, 1914, for
burglary, sentence 2 to 5 years.
Thomas J. Lindsey, committed from
Lake eountr in October, 1914, for lar
ceny from a dwelling, two sentences of
from 1 to 10 years each. .
The men were trusties and were not
confined in the stockade at the camp.
According to the story which comes to
the Capital Journal, the escape was ac
companied by no sensational features,
the men simply crawling away from
the camp tinder cover of the darkness,
Tourists paving through 8!eni are
already taking advantage of a bathing
beech close in to the city. lesterday
five touring parties stopped a few
hours at Riverside Dip and indulged in
a Willamette river bath.
Restaurant Patrons Given All
the Privilege of the
Strike Brings the Trouble of
. Cooking On Top of Cost
of Living
San Francisco, Aug. 2. Society (Trill
ed its own steaks and Bohemia went
hungry in (iaa Francisco today.
With upwards of a thousand culi
nary workers on strike' and most of
the 3,000 others soon to be affected by
the lockout declared by the lnrge em
ployers, chnotic , conditions existed in
the eating palaces which daily furnish
food for the thousands of the city's
Cafe frequenters, who are more num
erous in this city perhaps, than in any
outer in -America except only JNeW
York, faced the dread prospect" of eot-i
ting their meals at home.
Red partircd pickets marched back
and forth today in front of the lead
ing cafes reiterating the cry "unfair
housel "
All the principal restaurants and
most of the smaller places were affect
ed. The issue was precipitated when
the union called a strike nnd it was
immediately met by the action of the
employers in declaring a lockout and
an open shop. Placards appeared in
the front windows of the more promi
nent placed today-announcing: "This
restaurant is -conducted as an ' open
shop. "
After the lockout was put in . force,
the trouble spread to the musicians
union. Members of that body employ
ed in the places with orchestras were
told that they could remain, but not
as union men. Improvised orchestras
furnished the strains to which diners
out danced and made merry.
Uunque scenes were witnessed in all
the principal restaurants - last night.
Dinner parties that had been arranged
for in advance were held, but hosts
and hostesses, finding few coks and
no waiter in attendance, cooxed and
served- the meals themselves. Several
society men, who knew enough about
cooking to get up a meal for a hunting
camp, publicly broiled steaks, for guests
and made fun of themselves while do
ing it.
The hotels were not affected. Union
leaders declared that more than 1,000
workers were affected already and
that 4000 would be out before night. A
number of small cafes closed their
doors, but nearly all of the larger ones
remained open. In the front window
of one restaurant appeared this sign:
"Closed by the unions, God bless 'em"
The unions demand s shift of eight
hours in twelve and higher wages for
some rlasscs of help. The employers
offered a shift of nine hours in thir
teen but would not concede anything
beyond that.
Lieutenant Spaulding
Writes of Company M and
What the
lieutenant Walter L. Spauldiug, of
Company M, is finding plenty of excite
ment on the border, having been assign
ed to the quartermaster department.
The following extracts from a lettei
written Mrs. Spaulding indicate a life
on the border is somewhat more excit
ing than preparing briefs in a law of
fice. He writes as follows:
July 28, 1910.
This is Friday I got eight wagons
out, loaded one company and got them
off for Han Vsidro, loaded two wagons
with harness, hunted up a detail of men,
rode two or three miles and walked as
fsr, went into Ban Diego on horseback,
unloaded a few car loads of mules, slept
in a bay-loft on a wagon cover, re
turned next day with 88 or 87 (don't
know which) mules and 13 army trans
port wagons and one ambulance. I said
returned with 80 or 87 mules. Three
nt le.ast, got away.
To give you some idea of why I was
busy, I will say we had to rope the
ascellating boxes on the wagons to get
rope to make halters for the mules
many of. which had never been har
nessed and some probably never brid
led. We had 28 mules already. Since then
I have been busy catching loose mules
and hunting for strays. The funny part
of it is, that my count showed 114
mules, for which we were accountable.
I knew three were gone for I chased
them two or three miles on foot, two
got out the first night. The following
Nothing Has Been Heard of
Her Since 9 o'CIock This
. Morning
Haze Hangs Over Ocean
Making Conditions Ideal
for Getting Out
By. Carl D. Groat.
(United Press staff correspondent.)
Norfolk, Va., Aug. 2. The super
submarine Deutschluud, which cleared
last evening from Baltimore for Bre
men,' either has slipped by Hampton
IfoaiU and possibly on past the capes
into the open sens, or is planning to do
so, innrino men here began to belicv
lute this afternoon when there still was
no sign of the ocean adventurer.
No word has come from the Deutsch
laud siuce morning, when she was hall
way between Tangier Island, on the
Chesapeake bay and Old Point Com
fort. Sho could have covered the inter
vening distance in two hours. No
boats that have come have reported
seeing her siuce morning.
The customs officials, acting under
direction of Chief Hnlsteud at Wash
ington, said they would be compelled to
take charge of the Deutschland if she
came into port, unless it was for cargo
or in distress or because of "pursuit
of enemies." No cargo is awaiting the
submarine here.
Captain Koenig ib aware of the ruling
in this respect, they said, nnd they do
not believe he intends to hesitate rnee
he rounds Old Point Comfort and" heads
for the ocean.
Expected Her Early, ,
Marine men waiting the underwater
boat's arrival had expected to, see her
earlier, believing she would reach Nor
folk by 9 o'clock.
No Virginia pilot had yet been ask
ed for and this strengthenend the be
lief that Captain Koenig intended to
lie sqmewhere in the bay during the
day. Some possibility that the Deutsch
land would shoot on out through the
capes without touching here was seen
in the fact that the thick weather of
early morning made conditions perfect
for the hazard. The heavy baze con
cealed boats at a distance of two mils))).
This same haze has hidden the war
ships of the allies lying somewhere out
side, and caused the commander of the
U. S. S. North Carolina to bring the
American neutrality protector inside
Cape Henry, where she waited early
this morning for the Deutschland to ap
pear. Over in Newport News, where the
general expectation that the boat would
put in there has been somewhat dissi
pated during the past few daj because
of the fact that no cargo has been ac
cumulated there, marine men were con
cerned last night with the behavior of
the German prize crew on board the
(Continued on Pag Two 1
Boys are Doing
day we caught two mules severul miles
to the west, and in the evening we
caught and tied one mulo some distance
to the east. Before the two mules were
caught, the count showed 113 mules In
camp. After the one was brought in on
the second day there were still only 113.
That evening we counted 114, or all we
ought to have. This morning the count
wus 113 and remained so all day, but
two army mules were corraled some 20
miles to the east. I've a detail out
after them now. This makes 115 mules,
or one more than I started with. I'm
completely lost on the number we should
have, do have, or will have. The blame
things break loose sometimes faster
than 50 men can tie them up. I person
ally lassoed one particular mule three
times inside of 15 minutes. 1 did this
for pleasure (he had to be caught) and
also to show men how it should be
I've done a few other little things
today such ss making my bed, policVng
my tent, loading one auto truck with
oats, and sending it to the troops, and
a thousand or so other little things, in
cluding shaving, polishing my legglns
and two pair of shoes, iou can see J
am NOT busy.
The above has nothing to say about
breaking several mules, shoeing a horse,
taking shoes off another horse, fixing
a bridle, etc. I know of only one thing
I missed, and (hat was officers' meet
(Continued oa Page Beroa.)
Washington, Aug. 2. Big
packers are seeking to stifle the
cattle and meat inquiry. Repre-
sentative Broland, of Missouri,
charged today on the floor of
the house. City market quota-
Hons to show that the big com-
panioa have paid dividends of
from 20 to 70 per cent in the
4c last few years, he demanded
an investigation into why the 4c
price of cattle on the hoof actu-
ally was $1 a hundred lower in 4c
1915 than in 1914.
Stands Pat On Position That
Suffrage Is for States to .
Washington, Aug. 2. President Wil
son today dissipated any hope suffrag
ists might have that he migliL try to
out-Hughes Hughes on the suffrage
question. He authorized an announce
ment at the White House that ho hnd
not changed his attitude.
The president's position is still that
suffrage should be a development of
the states.
Hope for a regular political scran in
the bluo grass of Kentucky was also
KnocKcd on the heart today when the
president declined to make an address
at Winchester, Ky., on September 5 at
tne snnic tim ctlnit Hughes will speak
at Lexington, 20 miles away. The
president speaks at Hodginvillo in
memory of Abraham Lincoln, Septem
ber 4. Democratic leaders of Ken
tucky wanted the president to stay
over and speak the following day in
Had the president accepted the
latter Invitation be would have been
speaking in a town of about 2,500
while Hughes was officially opening
the republican state campaign a fewi
rmes awnv in Lexington,, a city .1 of
45000.- To got to .. Winchester the
president would have to pass through
Lexington, a feature that would have
rendered it a most interesting day in
the blue grass state.
The president told those who are
urging him to go that he did not want
politics to enter into the Lincoln day
speech or trip, either directly or in
directly. OF
jCauses Hurried Dispatch of
Troops Rumor Said to
Be False
Kl Paso, Texas, Aug. 2. Captain
William Kelly, Jr., contnrunding the
cavalry troops rushed from Fort Bliss
to riuley, Texas, reported to uenerai
Bell today there was absolutely no
truth in the report that 150 Mexican
bandits invaded the United Mates near
there. The report of the bandits' pres
ence was received by General. Bell late
Inst night from militia officers at tort
The Allison brothers, owners of a
ranch near Kierra Illnncn, Texas, who
acted as guides for tho Americuu cav
alry reinforcements, laugh lit the re
port. Carrnn.a Consul Garcia does not
credit it. Tho cavulry and two motor-
ryclo conipnnies also rushed to rinloy
will continue scouting in that territory
but do not anticipate finding any raid
The border hcrenbouts was consider-
aoly wrought up by the reported pres
ence of the bandits on American soil.
On reports that 150 Mexican bandits
crossed the Rio Grande at Finley, Texas,
eight miles west of Fort Hancock, two
troops of cavalry, a motorcycle corps
and 10 truckloads of infantry were
rushed from Fort Bliss today to lort
Huncock. The reported raid is believed
to be in retaliation for the killing of
four Mexican bandits thero Monday.
General Bell at Fort Bliss, stated he
had received no reports of fighting bo
tween American militia or regulurs and
the bandits. His information was that
the bandits crossed into United States
territory and he said:
"I don't propose to allow them to
The two troops o'f F.ighth U. 8. cav
alry are reported to have passed
through Fort Hancock on a special train
en route to Finley.
Kansss City, Mo., Aug. 2. With the
democratic gubernatorial nomination as
sured to Frederick V. Gardner, of Ht.
Louis, interest this afternoon centered
in the contest between John E. Bwanger
of Bedalia, and Judge Henry Lamm, the
republican enndidate. Early reports in
dicated Hwanger had a clear title to the
nomination but reports this afternoon
boosted the Lamm figures.
Its Result May Precipitate
Greatest Labor War In
300,000 Men Earning Yearly
$400,000,000 On' 250,
000 Miles of Road
Now York, Aug. 2. Counting of the
striko vote of the 400,000 railway train
men which may precipitate the greatest
labor war tho country has ever linown
will be completed August 7; Timothy
D. Shea, who has charge of the count.
announced today.
The rnilroads affected by the count
today opened a campaign of education
of the public, through newspaper ad
vertisements putting forward their side
of tha controversy.
The strike vote, if it results as air
predictions indicate, will nuthorizo the
heads of the four great railroad broth
erhoods to call a general strike if, in
their opinion, a strike is necessary to
gain for freight and yard men their
demand for an eight hour day and time
and a half for overtime.
"This is the biggest lubor movement
in history," Hhea said today.
'It is the largest in number of men
involved and covers a wider latitude of
territory than tiny other labor move
ment in history." ,
Charging that .the railroads proposed
settlement of the strike , controversy
either under the existing national arbi
tration law,' oi by reference to the inter
state commerce commission and that the
offer was refused by the employes, the
national conference committee of the
railways today started an advertising
campaign in support of their position.
Copies of advertisements to be used,
in various sections of the country were
sent out by the committee. The ad,
addressed to the public, is headed:
"Railroad wages s!iall they be de
termined by industrial warfare or fed
eral inquiry t"
"The railroads are In the public ser
viceyour service," reads the ad copy.
"This army of employes is in the pub
lic service your service.
"You pay for rail transportation,
three billion dollars a year and 44 cenbs
out of every dollar from you goes to
the employes.
"A $100,000,000 wage increase for
men in freight and yard service (less)
than one-fifth of the employes) is equal
to five per cent advance in all freight
"The managers of the railroads are
trnstees of the public and have no right
to plnco this burden on the coat of
transportation to you without clear
mandate from the public tribunal speak
ing for you."
Wiown copies of the "educational
ads" put out by the railroads, 8hes
said they represented "a total series
of misrepresentation."
"They are totally misleading," said.
Phen, "and since they are deliberately
monnt to bo so, they ore a howling suc
cess. The expert figure jugglers of th
roads could take the salary lists and
striko most any old average they wish
ed. 'I '
"Even tho federal government recog
nizes the eight hour dny. Tho roads
should do likewise.
If a mnn is compelled to work over
time, his employers should be penalised,
for making him do it by granting time
and n half pay.
"We realize the seriousness o'f any
step we take. We ere fully cognizant
of tho direct and economic loss a posr
sible strike might incur. That in why
we are going so slowly. We have that
reputation. Our powerful strength ban
been built lit) on the deserved slogan.
Mho brotherhood seldom strikes; when,
it does there's real reason.' "
Would Paralyse Business.
rAnntTn A iifr 8 A fttrikM nf the four
railroad brotherhoods threatened as the
result of the negotiations now in pro-
(Con tinned on Fairs Six.'
Oregon: Fair
tonight and
Thursday; va
riable winds.
(hn you sebI