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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (July 31, 1916)
THE DAILY CAPITAL JOURNAL, SALEM, OREGON, MONDAY, JULY 31, 1916.
TELL THE TELEPHONE
Lost? Pound? Help? Work? For Rent? For g
Sale? House Wanted? . Business Opportunity? i
An Auto? A Horse? If your name is in the tele
phone directory ' !?S
TELL THE TELEPHONE $
Every phone in Salem,
ties connects in an instant wnn ine capital
$1 Journal Want Ad Phone No. 81. g
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CLASSIFIED ADVERTISING BATES
Bate per -word New Today:
Each insertion, per word lc
One week (6 insertions), per word....5c
One month(26 insertions) per word 17c
Tho Capital Journal will not be re
sponsible for more than one insertion
for errors in Classified Advertisments.
Head your advertisements the first day
it appears and notify us immediately
Minimum charge, 15c.
PHONE 937 For wood saw.
HAKEY Window washer. Phono 768.
EUBBER Stamps made 105 S. Coml
GIRL Of 59 wishes work.Phoae 2484
TRESPASS Notices for sale at Jour
nal office. tf
FRONT APARTMENTS Ground floor
491 N. Cottage.
TRESPASS NOTICES FOR SALE at
WANTED Teams to
wood near Eola.
FOB RENT SIGNS For sale at Cap
ital Journal office. tf
FOR SALE Or trade for wood, gaso
line engine. Phone 451. tf
FOR SALE Large young team. Mrs.
E. Thomas, Marion, Oregon. augl?
WANTED Lady solicitors to work in
Salem. Apply at 770 So. Commercial
SIX CHIROPRACTIC Adjustments
$5, worth more. Dr. May, Hubbard
pendence. 1 105
FURNISHED Rooms and housekeep
ing apartments, rates reasonable,
close in, 160 Court. tf
WANTED $2000 from owner, good
real estate security. Address S. 60
rare Journal. augl
WANTED Steam wood bsw, give
price. H. D. Landan, Box 150, R. F.
D. No. 2. Salem. july31
ADS under this heading la a word.
Bead for profit; use for results.
HORSE WANTED Responsible- party
wants gentle horse for delivery pur
poses one month. Phone 08. july31
FOR SALE 5 fresh cows and a Dutch
Belt bull, or trade for beef cattle.
Phone 1156-W. 1656 Mill St. aug2
WOMAN TO COOK For farm hands,
must be qualified to take full charge
Light work, steady employment.
Box 43, Salem. augl
FOR SALE 18 ft motorboat, good
condition, demonstration Sunday be
tween 8:30-11:30 a. m., second boat
house north Canoe club. Phone 2041
FOR RENT Furnished or unfurnished
sleeping rooms, office rooms and
housekeeping rooms, reasonable rates
W. H. Norris, Rec. Hublrd bldg.
Boom 304. tf
FOR 8 ALE 10 acres. 7 A. improved,
fair house, barn, milk house, running
water, good road, will sell cheap if
taken soon; also S acres all in cul
tivation, well fenced, good buildings
and some fruit. Will sell for $1400,
if sold soon. Terms easy. 8qunre
Deal Realty Company, Telephone
Marion and Polk coun- :
j. rni - n
FOR SALE Nine registered Berk
shire sows, and one registered boar.
Phone 11F6. ang2
BRAND NEW .Oliver No. 5 typewrit
, er for sale, $35. Inquire at -A. M.
Hansen's sash and door factory. au4
FOR SALE 2 pr. of feather pillows, 1
fontiier mattress, 0 quilts. Enquire
ut 1427 N. Church St., Salem, aug5
FOR SALE 3 half truck Studabak
er wagon. Will trade for heavier
wagon, cordwood or stum page. 2786
Lee. Phone 1322 J. tf
j'ARM FOR SALE By owner; cheap,
162 acres on Lake Labish, 4 Vd
miles north of Salem. Will sell all
or in tracts. Phone 634-J. . tf
FOR RENT New house -.of 8 rooms,
with all modem improvements. Also
one furnished house of 7 rooms. Ap
ply 325 North 14th street, or phone
CAPITAL EXCHANGE Phone 493.
337 Court St. From $2 to $6 paid for
2d hand mens suits. We buy, trade
and sell jewelry, musical instruments
tools and guns. augll
1915 STUDEBAKER.FOUR At great
ly reduced price. Going to Montana.
A 1 condition, looks like now. $650
if taken at once. Call 7F22, or seo J.
B. Knight at Maxwell garage, jlol
FOR SALE One Advance engine, 18
h. p., double cylinder nnd Advance
separator, 36x50 nnd threshing out
fit complete, in good repair. A bnr
gnin must be sold. See John Zic
linski, Salem R. F. D. 8, or C. M.
Ionian, Masonic Temple, Salem. au5
Clark's Wife Says She
Not Husband Is Guilty
E. J. Clark, who escaped from the
Oregon state penitentiary in 1013, was
arrested in Spokane Saturday, thus end
ing a search which has lasted for near
ly three years.
The records show that Clark, who has
been living in Spokane under the alias
of M. Rinehart, was committed to the
penitentiary from Union county under
a sentence of from one to five years
for obtaining money and goods by false
When he escaped he was a trusty nnd
was engaged in painting at the asylum
for the insane. Hi pursuit by the pris
on officials after his getaway had sen
sational features, he being fired upon
at one point while he was swimming
the Columbia river.
A dispatch from Spokane says:
Mrs. E. J. Clark, wife of E. J. Clark,
alias Melvin Rinehart, arrested here to
day as a fugitive from the Oregon state
prison, sticks to her story that it was
she and not her husband who forged
the checks on La Grande merchants
which resulted in Clark 's being sen
tenced to the penitentiary October 18,
1912, from' which he escaped Fcbrnary
For three years the Clarks have
been living in Spokane, where Clark
has been employed as engineer in a
Mrs. Clark's story is that she, with
her husband was on her way from
Roeswell, N. M., where they were mar
ried, to Seattle, to be with her mother
upon the arrival of an expected baby.
At La Grande, she says, they became
stranded, and she claims she forged j
checks to get money to continue ine
Mrs. Clark says she will appeal to
Governor Lister to prevent extradition
of her husband to Oregon.
Don't forget your friends on their
vacation they will want to see a home
paper. Phone 81.
Journal Want Ads Get Results Yon
Our circulation ia still cllmb-
lng up read the paper and
You'll know tea reason.
r THE MARHTS J
The following prices for fruits
and vegetables are those asked by
the wholesaler of the retailer, slJ
not what is paid to the producer.
All other prices are those paid the
producer. Correctlcns are mado
Sugar has advanced 10 cents a hund
red retail and this time it cannot be
blamed on ahe refineries, as is custom
ary. There has been a recent advanco
in freight rate from San Francisco to
Portland and the people are now given
the privilege of helping pay for tho
little extra freight to the tune of ten
cents a hundred pounds.
Watermelons are now cheaper whole
sale, with a quotation today of $1.75.
Eggs are holding at 22 cents cash
and 24 cents in trade with a difference
in the retail price from 25 to 30 cents.
Quality and freshness also counts.
Shorts, per ton
Alfalfa, California, ton
. . $40.00
Creamery butter, per pound
- Eggs and Poultry.
Eggs, case count, cash
liens, pound ,
Roosters, old, per pound
Broilers, under 2 pounds
Fork, Veal and Mutton.
Veal, dressed 910 l-2c
Pork, on foot
Spring lambs, 1910
o-.o i o
Tomatoes, California 75c
String garlic 15c
Potatoes, new 1 1-21 3-ic
Green onions 40c
Green poppers 10c
Carrots, dozen 40e
Onions, California $2.50
Beans, green and waxed ttc
Onions, Walla Walla $2.50
Oranges, Valencies $4.00
Lemons, per box $6.006.50
Bananas, pound 6
California grape fruit $2.50
Florida grape fruit $6.00
California plums - $1.60
Eggs, per dozen, fresh ranch 30c
Sugar, cane $8.85
Sugar, beet $8.65
Creamery butter 35c
Flour, hard wheat $1.50(1.65
Flour, valley $1.15(wl.2S
Portland, Ore., July 31. Wheat;
Red Russian, 93c.
Oats: No. 1 white feed, $27.25.
Barley: Feed, $27.00.
Hogs: Best live, $9.25.
Prime steers, $7.50.
Fancy cows, $5.50.
Spring lambs, $8.25.
Butter: City creamery, 29c.
Eggs: Selected local ex., 27(fi2Sc.
Notice is hereby given that H. Bunt
ing & Son have completed their con
tract for road improvements in road
districts Nos. 41 and 52 on the Salem
and Prat um road, and that the county
roadmaster has filed his certificate of
completion for the same. Any per
son, firm or corporation having ob
jections to file to the completion of
said work, may do so on or before the
15th day of August, 1916, nt twelve
o'clock noon, in the office of the coun
U. G. BOYER, County Clerk.
We 've learned1 a lot from the present
Yes, indeed. Everytning except what
it is about.
Lenox, Mass., has seventy million
aires. Why Have Your Capital tied
Up in an Empty House?
Ad at One Cent a Word will
Get You a Renter.
Story of War Its Effect on Warring
Nations After Two Year's Conflict
War's Effects In England.
By Ed L. Keen.
(United Press staff correspondent.)
London, July 10. (By mail.) The
classes are paying for this war; the
masses are profiting by it.
' This statement applies, of course, not
only when the subject is considered
from the purely finaucial angle. It
would be a hopeless task to measure the"
toll of blood and tears that both paid.
British aristocracy and British proletar
iat have . both contributed generously
to their young manhood, and doubtless
on this second anniversary of the war
there are proportionately as many brok
en homes among the wage-earners as
among the nobility. The wur so fur has
made in Great Britain 39,042 widows
aud deprived 83,389 children of their
fathers. The Jutland naval battle alone
added 1,550 widows to tho roll.
In the material things of life never ,11
England's history have the rich been
poorer, or the poor richer than today.
Under the new sliding scale of income
duties, devised to help pay the nation's
war bill of $25,000,000,000 a dnv. the I
26c capitalists whose yearly income is $100,
29o 000 turns nearly 40 per cent of it into'
the treasury, whereas the thousand Hoi-'
liar wage-earner is let off with six per
cent. neTore tne war tne ioo,ooo man
was making perhaps twice m much;!
while the present thousand dollar labor
er was earning only $500 or $000. j
With the exception of those directly
interested in the munitions industry, the
revenues of England's wealthiest fam-1
ilios generally have been materially im-'
pmrea, even Dcrore slcKcnna s tux col
lector conies round. The war reduced
their rentuls and business; ulso very pa
triotically they have transferred large
well-paying investments into smaller-'
ps.V'i'g investments into smaller-paving
Labor Is Prosperous.
On the other hand, the manual labor
er and his family are prospering as
they never could have hoped to in pence
time, even though he has gone to the
war; for in that event the chances are
thnt Mb wife and his daughters and his
under-age sons arc working in munitions
factories or elsewhere at wages he him
self would hnvo been glad to get in
The war has temporarily remedied
two of England's greatest social evils,
unemployment aud pauperism. The oth
er evening , the writer strolling down
Fleet street and the Strand and return
ing to the United Press office by way
of the Embankment, encountered only
two beggars both old men and blind.
Two years ago he would have been ac
costed by 50 or more most of them able
bodied men eager to work.
A good deal has been said about the
increased cost of living here as a result
of the war. Recent 'figures from the
"Board of Trndp GazetM place the
average advance, in the price of food
stuffs in tho last two years at 59 per
cent, including tiie increased duties on
tea and sugar as compared with an esti
mated similar increase in Germany of
120 per cent. This steadily diminishing
purchasing power of the pound sterling
has been moro thnn compensated by the
higher wages and increased opportuni
ties for steady employment for men and
Workmen Living Better.
A visit to one of London's great de
partment stores any afternoon would
convince even a cnsunl investigator t-hut
the standard of living among tho work
ing classes has improved. The smaller
customers that pay ens lihavc increased
in numbers, especially in the Inst year;
former big credit accounts havo dwin
dlde. Particularly in munition-milking
districts have tradesmen been profiting.
Wage earning families who previously
had scarcely enough to keep tho wolf
at bay now buy expensive wearing ap
parel, jewelry, etc.. in such (iinntities
that the National War Savings commit
tee is frantically flooding the coun
try with posters and pamphlets, and in
dependent organizations are sending nut
lecturers beseeching the people to
"work hard, spend little and save
much" for post-war days.
There are scalawags in England to
day just as there are in Germany; grnsp
ing employers, extortionate middle
men, unscrupulous retnilers, taking per
sonal nilvantngo of this abnormal situa
tion. Somcwhorc between the farmer
and the housewifo the price of milk
jumps from six cents to 12 cents a
quart. In the matter of bacon, in the
first five months of 1911) England im
ported nearly a million and a half hundred-weight
more thnn in the corres
ponding period of 1915; yet tho gov
ernment returns show an increase in
price to the consumer of 33 per cent,
a tofnl incrensw ainoe the war began
of more than B0 per cent. The govern
ment is making a real effort to locate
the particular culprits.
2,000,000 Women Workers.
NcHrly two million English women
are filling the places in industrial life
vacated by their husbands, fathers, tons
snd brothers. From driving street cars
to making shells, switching railroad
train to ploughing fields, there is
scarcely an avenue of labor in Great
Britain not subject to the feminine in
vasion. Most of them are making men's
wnges and some of them wearing men's
clothes. The London underground .rail
ways and omnibus systems aro employing
1,832 women nnd girls. There are 1.200
women street car conductors "in Glas
gow. The Great Central railway has
filled the places of 1,786 of its 5,928
men with women. Fifty thousand wo
men have registered with the board of
i agriculture to get out this year's crops.
Suffragettes who used to smash win
dows are washing them. Instead of shy
ing brickbats at cabinet ministers or
defacing golf links, they are nursing
jsoldiers or painting ship. Cultured wo
men who never before turned their
j hands to labor are milking cows, mow-
ing hay, or opornting wiiclcss keys,
j When the war Is over and the general
readjustment eomes, will these women
who for a time have tasted the sweets
j of independence he satisfied to return
I to the plainer fare of domesticity I
The question is almost as big as the
Ihiggcst socoinl problem England is to
I face after the war what to do with her
War's Effects in France War Effects In Germany
By Henry Wood By Carl W. Ackerman,
(United Press staff correspondent) ' (United i'ress Staff Correspondent.)
Paris, July 3 (By mail) Thanks Berlin, July 3 (By .Mail) As tho
hugely to the historical "woolen sock 8econ" year of the war closesi Uer-
bank" of the thrifty French, France ma"y's '"I1 ProbIem ia "bout s',1v
, 1, , Government economists are turning
today 19 financially and economically their fnccg to le mfe
supporting the war without any sen- During tho last few months the food
ous strain on her national life while has been bad. The people have lived
new elements the war has injected in-' through on substitutes. The military
to industrial and economic lite assure fn'p?i?n 'l88 not be.en "t"y -'"
France industrial expansion without hoef ITZ iSt? trauLles
precedent when pence comes. 80 great as the Irish revolution. Food
At the close of the war in 1870, dictator von Bntocki took the mask
when Germany imposed an indemnity from tho world's eyes regarding the
of one billion dollars, it was the same food situation. Todav he is well 011
wooien sock uanK" that saved
iokt, ic ur nun cost!
h rflni-a nnmA 4U Hon finl onn T'J ..... .1
for militnrv cxi ,
To meet this gigantic financial bur
den the k.v. inn,,. ! ih.
eru'men,6 Sy W oSXi
hnvo ulso mm n, 4 1 -.n n mm mm ;f.
war taxes, making a total of $4,500, -
000,000, over half the cost of the war
a J,, J?.u,Kr!lnr,t ,has h,f'i
her industrial, commercial and agricul- lu,c.' ,he German people believe sub
tural activities the moment war ends. '""" ,war against merchant ships was
Uv not imposing on her people tlie a retaliation, a defensive measure,
financial burdens of the war faster1 n""8t the English blockade which
than their eurning capacity will bear ' ,,u'y "a.v' changed international law so
Fiance is able financially ' to continue ! foo(l for non-combatants could be
the war now costing her over $18,-i declared contraband.
000,000 a day, for an indefinite period,! To Break the Blockade
without crippling either her financial
economic or industrial life.
Cut Out the Absinthe
The influx of female labor into all
brunches of French industrial life
since the war began, the suppression
of nlwitiflin iiti.l Hi. .-..:.:....
ally of alcoholic consumption, ,
iiluive all the great lesson of industrial
efficiency an. I maximum production
which the war has taught France, hold
out for her roseate piospects of the
future that promise to compensate the
loss in everything but human life the
war has entailed on her.
Of the three great elements men
tioned above that, in two short years
have revolutionized French industrial
life, the greatest perhaps is industrial
efficiency nnd maximum productive
ness. Previous to the war, industrial
efficiency was almost unknown out
side the United ...ates and tlermaiiy.
But today France is industrially effi
cient. It was tho necessity of saving
the nation by incredible increases Hi
the production of munitions and mili
tary supplies thut taught Fiance the
France's output of powder today is
44 times greater than before tho war,
her output of rifles 237 times greater,
machine guns 98 times greater, can
non 25 times greater, 75-shells 54 times
greater, heavy artillery 2.1 times great
er. This increase in productiveness, due
in part to an increased number of fac
tories, is due principally to perfected
Only Half the Story
Munitions, however, tell only half
the story. All supplies necessary for
equipping and maintaining millions of
men in the field tell the other half.
The chemical industry ' in France
which before the war was monopolized
by Oerninny, has tripled in southern
France, in the vicinity of Limoges and
Dijon, doubled; while in (ho vicinity
of Lyons it has taken the form of new
lines, entirely unknown in, France be
fore the war.
When pence comes, this lesson of ef
ficiency will be npplied to every in
dustry in France witn an increase in
tho national productiveness ami wealth
cJilculiitod to startle the world.
Other lessons o efficiency and max
imum productiveness have been taught
to the French by the (ierniiins at heavy
cost The French iron fields of the
Busin of Bricy, held by the (Ioniums
since the beginning of hostilities, pro
duced for the French in 1913, 15,000,
000 tons of iron nnd steel. The tier
minis, since they got possession of
them, have made thm produce 21,
000,000. When Franco gels them back
she proposes to make them produce as
much for her as they did for tho tier
mans. Efficiency in agriculture also has
come to France through the hard nec
essity of Prussian occupation. Since
the beginning of hostilities the (ier-
mnus have occupied L',ooo,ooo acres
the 53,000,000 acres, 2,000,000 acres
that are the most productive in
France. Before the war they produc
ed $1,00,000,000 annually or one tenth
of tho national production and wealth.
Unfortunately with their passing in
to the hands of the enemy, France did
not experience a corresponding de
crease in her population. She has with
in her borders today, 1,000,000 war
refugees Belgians, Serbians, French,
Alsatians so that 2,000,000 acres less
of territory, she is still obliged to main
tain her normnl population of about
40,000,000. Enforce.! agricultural effi
ciency is enabling her to do it. Her
wheat acreage for 191 is 5,034,510
acres as against 6,571,580 for 1914
when she had 2,000,000 more uercs of
territory; her 1916 rye aercago is 920,
975 as against 1, 201,630 of 1914.
With the close of the war this agri
cultural efficiency and inteusity will
France has been unable to complete
stntuttiica on the miracles being
wrought in her national productive.
nous by the suppression of absinthe
am the restriction of alcoholic con
sumption. Minister of Finances Ribot,
however, states that the results aro
ama.ingly apparent and insure even
greater restriction with the return of
Before the war female labor was al
most unknown in France. Kstiinntes
just completed state thnt with the end
of the war women will represent from
75 to 80 ier cent of the labor in
France. Iu the munition work alone
150,000 women are now being employ
ed. Industries newly invaded by women
include food, chemicals, per, print
lug. textile, clothing, leather, wood,
metal, jwttedy, transjiortatioii and bus-
the nnv n ltin nt th .,,,.1,1..,.,
n. kt.nrn.t nA..n...:A :.. I
V . . ... ' ..
" "v ..., uui : "imi suuu
Gerninnv do to meet the iircnnrniwms
" lne '0 ueciura an economic
t"?' "T!! B"'1 ,hCr
utter the wart" Germany has chosen
! (,or luUm tbi P"181?
, y the J"tnr,or )r- Karl 1Ult-
I Concerning the relationship of
submarine campaign and the "Anier
The view of the German people, us it
is impressed upon a correspondent in
tho last twelve months is this: The
submarine war was instituted to break
the illegal blockade. Because England
did not respect the interests of the uii
""K people of Germany, tler.iin.iy
" ,l ""l "m UVKU l" reBI,, lm" 1,1
I .t"'e8's of her enemy. President Wil
sou, however, mulcrtook to speaK tor
the neutrals against the subuiariiio
warfare but so far he has taken no
drastic Htcps ugaiiist the English
President Botocki recently told mo
ho lifted tho veil from tho food situa
tion here' to impress on America the
if it was fair respecting its relations to
the belligerents it would do something
to inforee international law as it was
before the war respecting food stuffs.
Food for non-conibatants was not con
traband until the English OnTer in
Council was made. Since then, practi
cally no food stuff has come from
America to Germany.
The (ierninn people have lived
through a hard Summer so far as food
is concerned. Vegetables and fruit
havo been plentiful but meat, butter
and other fats have been scarce. So at
times have been potatoes, rice nnd
beans. The mnrket has been flooded
with substitutes. It is undoubtedly
true that if tho food silHiitiou li ml
changed suddenly, from tho plenty of
lust Summer to the" scarcity of this
Summer, the people could not have ad
justed themselves to it. But the
change hus been gradual. At first one
did without meat two days n week,
then the- number of times increased to
four or five. Finally there were meat
less weeks but I he people ate, com
plained or laughed and existed from
day to day.
Short of All Tats
An American woman who has lived
in (lerinany several years said she
would see a siuu in a shop window
reading "'Butter." Kho would walk up
closer nnil underneath, in small letters,
was the statement thai it was "sold
out' or else it was an advertisement
of a butter substitute liiudo of fats
from the roots of plants. There has
been a substitute for everything. When
thero were no moro fats to fry with,
new frying pans wero invented to fry
meat without fat.
Tho scarcity of food caused many
abuses and adulterations. A baker in
Hamburg was nrrcstcd for junking
bread of sawdust. So was a Berlin
merchant nrrcstcd for adding 67 per
cent of water to butler. Abuses have
been watched for nnd stopped. Prices
have been very high. The soeialisst
hnvo complained of them in the Reich
stag with soma success.
The first big difficulty was tho law
of small Gorman states forbidding the
export of food. Bavaria had much
more food than Prussia. The task of
Batocki was to abolish these regula
tions. Helfferich, who during tho next 30
yenrs will be one of Germany's leading
figures has tho new task of regulating
and developing Germany's industries.
Helfferich hss had a mctoric career
though still in his early forties. Two
years he lectured in tho University of
Berlin, two years more ho managed the
Anatolian railway for two yenrs was
president of the Deutsche Bauk, then
for two years Secretary of tho Treas
ury. Now for two years, so a member
of the Reichstag remarked to mo ono
dny he will be secretary of tho Interior
and then he added, "ho may bo the
next chancellor, hut not during the
Prepares for Aftor the War
Helfferich ' immediate job is to pre
pare for Germnny's business in peace
time. Ho is to watch what the allies
do and prepare (lerinany 's industries.
Those. who know Helfferich believe he
will be successful.
Thero are ninny plans but the one
furthest developed is to have tho gov
ernment import nil raw materials, her
greatest need, after the war. Thereby
tho lowest prices can be secured in
foreign lunds and the products can be
sold at a .margin Germany. This mar
gin can be used to pay the debts of the
war and so keep down the ever heavy
It is impossible for anyone to report
accurately what the situation is. One
can only picture what one sees during J
one's travels. Ono sees no unemployed,
except perhaps among some women. All
factories aro running full time, for
eighty per cent of Germany's industries
uro making war materials. Great
municipal improvements are under way
such us an extensions of the under
ground railroad in Berlin aud tho con
struction of a new dock on tho banks
of the Spree. There are onty a few
horses aud automobiles but much ac
tivity everywhere. Shops are crowded
with buyers and tho people are com
fortably and well dressed. Thero are
no striking evidence of want because
in peace time Germany was about the
only European nation which had solved
thy problem of poverty.
War's Effects in Russia
By William Philips ima
(United Press staff corrcs)ondont)
IVtrograd, July 3 (My Mail) Two
years ot war lias done linssin good,
I Ml.. ....t l.i.l,...l !..- I...-
tought her licst, paid tho price in
.' e n.'id notwiths'tanding,
is better oil today than she was two
Russia's first big win was by abol
ishing Vodka. Russia is without
drunk a ids. Her second was her eco
nomic and industrial awakening. Sho
is lenrniug to wnlk alone. This doublo '
social miracle wrought by the war
ought to prove u compensation t:
Russia for nil sho hss lost or stands
Russia has nearly 200 million peo
ple of whom about 150 million, or SO
per cent are iicnsnnts. These are bet
ter oU- than ever in their lives. They '
get good cash prices for what tiiey sell
The high cost of living docs not effect
them much lis they live off thoir farms
Labor is m-uree but what thero is, is
sober Mini accomplishes moro than used
to be accomplished when it was plenti
ful. , The peasants today havo money.
Prior to the war, 800 million rubles
(Ion million dollars) a year left tho
villages and country to pay for drink.
All t'tis money now remains in tho
Some 500 million rubles n year aro
now paid by the government as
pcimiuus or war allowances to the lam
Mies of soldiers. Therefore, nt least u
liilliuu 300 million rubles a year uro
now in the villages and country
which, before the war, were not there.
Great Victory for Prohibition,
Sliidlovsky, president of tho controll
ing bloc in tho Duma, himself a hind
owner, told me: "I am now employing
n number of men on my plantation
whom I had been comxdlcd to firo be
fore tho war on account of drink."
"In the villages a veritable miraclu
has taken place. Cmtractors I used to
recognize us ilrunlinnls, wife-beaters,
and ue'er-du-wells generally, havo been
completely transformed by tho lack
of vodka. They wear good clothes and
are clean, On Sundays you sec them
at church with their wives neatly
dressed and without tho bluek eves
which used to be characteristic ol'(theni
" arpcntein, cobblers, joiners and
workmen generally are doing better
work an. I more work now that tiicy
can't drink. Drink abolition has
worked u social ami economical revo
lution in this country."
Kverything is expensive in Russia
at present largely owiii'i to lack of
transportation facilities in the interior
ami luck of a good seaport. Hut high
prices really effect a coinpurativo few
tho college profcssois, lawyers, mem
bers of the professions, clerks, etc.
whose ineoines have not been increuscd
since the wnfc, The working classes, ns
a role, are less hard hit because work
is pli'iiti!ul nnd wages two or three
times us high us I oey were two years
ngo. Various citizen organizations
hae done good wot., along this line,
kecpiii;; things going.
At the start of the war, Russia's
crops were threshed. Russia was ut
terly dependent on her crops mid if
I hey failed her, she would really bo
up ugaiiist it. The union of local, or
eouiitv vou nv i Ik nil over the einpiro
got busy, joined hands with tho mili
tary and the job was douo. Squads
of laborers were told off to gat.ier ill
the produce. No coiner of tho country
was too remote to pass unnoticed. Tho
crops were saved to the last grain, in
no time at nil.
The Wonderful Zemstvo '
This was the work of the All-Russia
Xciustvo I'nion, a notional organiza
tion born of the war. This great
group of plain people ever since hus
been working to support the army and
tho nation, taking care of interior la
bor problems as they concerned tho
rural districts, helping distribute and
look after tho refugees and auling in
supplying tho urin.v ut tho front,
'1 ho cities of Itussia iiavu organized
in the same way for similar scrvico to
the country, except they have the cit
ies as their sphere of action, a control
committee of members of both organi
zations co-ordinating their work.
The small factories Snd shops of
Kussia have Im-cii brought together un
der the war industry committee. Tho
government deals directly with tho
great industries of tho country. Theso
nrc not only well known, but very few.
But throughout the empire there aro
scattered middle sized shops and small
er ones, of which the government
I'uitcd, these middling shops and
smaller ones could furnish the govern
ment with considerable quantities of
things so badly needed by tho army,
so that is exactly what was done. They
hnvo been organized by the wur in
dustry committee forming praetieally
iiiio institution of gigantic proportions
with which the war department can
easily ileal. Shells, hand grenades,
trench morturs and all sorts of fight
ing machines ure turned out in vast
A Miracle of Progress
Before the wur Russia depended up
on the ootsido wurbl, prludia!ly Ger
many, I -r her manufactured articles,
Never having , had the chance to do
any organizing of her own. she was
helpless to help herself. SoUr and
with spirit she has accomplished inir-
nebs in the last two years. When tho
war is over, she is not going to forget
all she learned.
Kcouomicully, Russia jiiis progressed
u century in two yea in. What she had
(Continued on Page Six.)